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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 69-74, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005216

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To develop a population pharmacokinetic (PPK) model for mycophenolate mofetil active metabolite mycophenolic acid (MPA) in children with primary IgA nephropathy, explore the factors affecting the pharmacokinetic parameters of MPA, and provide a basis for clinical individualized therapy. METHODS Retrospective collection was conducted on 636 concentrations and clinical data from 47 pediatric patients with primary IgA nephropathy. PPK analysis was carried out by using the nonlinear mixed-effects model; the covariates were tested with a stepwise method. Goodness-of-fit plots, Bootstrap and visual predictive check were employed to evaluate the final model. RESULTS The pharmacokinetics of MPA in children with IgA nephropathy in vivo conformed to the first-order absorption and elimination two-compartment model (objective function value of 3 276.31). Covariate analysis suggested that body weight and albumin (ALB) levels were significant influencing factors on apparent clearance rate and apparent distribution volume. The typical values of PPK parameters of MPA in the final model were as follows: the central room had a distributed volume of 5.79 L, the clearance rate was 4.06 L/h, the volume of peripheral ventricular distribution was 430.93 L, the clearance rate between compartments was 15.40 L/h, the oral absorption rate constant was 1.29 h-1. After verification, most of the predicted corrected observed concentration points were within the 90% confidence interval of the predicted corrected simulated concentration, indicating that the MPA final model had good predictive performance. CONCLUSIONS The PPK model of MPA in children with primary IgA nephropathy is established in this study, identifying body weight and ALB levels are significant factors affecting MPA metabolism.

2.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 447-452, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998152

ABSTRACT

BackgroundNon-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behavior poses a significant risk to the psychosomatic health of middle school students. However, the intrinsic mechanisms underlying the risk factors associated with NSSI behavior remain unclear. ObjectiveTo explore the relationship and underlying mechanism between depressive mood, impulsivity, and NSSI behavior in middle school students, and provide valuable insights for the prevention and intervention of NSSI behavior in this population. MethodsIn March 2021, 1 161 middle school students were recruited by cluster random sampling. They were assessed using Adolescent Non-Suicidal Self-Injury Assessment Questionnaire (ANSAQ), Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS-II). Spearman's correlation analysis was used to examine the correlation between depressive mood, impulsivity and NSSI behavior in middle school students. Moreover, the Process mediation effect analysis was adopted to test the mediating role of impulsivity between depressive mood and NSSI behavior. ResultsTotal of 122 people(10.51%) with NSSI behavior were detected. CES-D score was positively correlated with the total score of BIS-II and scores of all dimensions (r=0.340~0.556, P<0.01), and also were positively correlated with the total score of ANSAQ and scores of all dimensions (r=0.437~0.540, P<0.01). Additionally, the total score and dimension scores of BIS-II were positively correlated with the total score and dimension scores of ANSAQ (r=0.157~0.437, P<0.01). Impulsivity played a partial mediating role between depressive mood and NSSI behavior [indirect effect=0.035 (95% CI: 0.004~0.067, P<0.01), indirect effect accounted for 5.81% of the total effect]. ConclusionDepressive mood in middle school students has both a direct and indirect influence on NSSI behavior, partially mediated by impulsivity. Consequently, impulsivity plays a partial mediating role between depressive mood and NSSI behavior.[Funded by Humanities and Social Sciences Research Science Institute of Chongqing Municipal Education Commission (number, 23KSZ017)]

3.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 849-853, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994777

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with spontaneous low intracranial pressure (SIH).Methods:The study is a retrospective series. The clinical data of patients with SIH who visited Beijing Hospital from May 2017 to March 2022, including gender, age, symptoms, signs, imaging findings, treatment and outcome, were collected and their clinical characteristics were analyzed.Results:Finally, 8 patients with SIH, 6 females and 2 males, aged (33.5±7.3) years, were included. There were 6 cases of acute onset, 1 case of subacute onset, and 1 case of chronic onset. Four cases had pre-onset triggers, 3 cases were exertional and 1 case was exercise. All 8 cases had orthostatic headache. Three cases were accompanied by neck pain. Six cases were accompanied by autonomic dysfunction, 1 case with blurred vision and neck resistance, and 1 case with tinnitus in both ears. There were no obvious abnormalities in blood routine, liver and kidney function, electrolytes, and coagulation function in 8 cases. The results of the lumbar puncture showed that the cerebrospinal fluid pressure was≤60 mmH 2O(1 mmH 2O=0.009 8 kPa) in 7 cases, and 2 cases were so low that they were undetectable. One patient had normal cerebrospinal fluid pressure (90 mmH 2O). The routine results of cerebrospinal fluid showed 4 cases of an increased number of red blood cells and 2 cases of leukocytosis. The biochemical results of cerebrospinal fluid in all 8 cases were normal. All 8 patients underwent non-contrast MRI scan of the head, and 6 cases found abnormalities, including 2 cases of subdural hematoma, 1 case of subarachnoid hemorrhage, 1 case of brain tissue sinking, and 3 cases of intracranial venous sinus dilation (including 1 case with subdural hematoma). All 8 patients underwent MRI enhancement scan of the head, and 5 patients showed diffuse dural enhancement. Three patients underwent digital subtraction angiography myelogram and computed tomography myelogram, and 2 cases found dural cerebrospinal fluid leakage. One patient underwent magnetic resonance water imaging and no cerebrospinal fluid leakage was found. Eight patients were followed up for 38.5 (10.3, 63.0) months, after conservative treatment, 6 cases of headache relief or disappearance, 1 case relapsed and was admitted 1 week after discharge, non-targeted epidural blood patching (EBP) did not relapse, 1 case underwent non-targeted EBP after conservative treatment failure, headache relief, recurrence after 2 months, thoracic spine 3-4 space targeted EBP, headache disappeared, did not recur. Conclusions:The present study indicate that SIH prevalence in young age is common, the main symptom is orthostatic headache, accommodated with multiple clinical symptoms with various imaging abnormalities. Most patients with SIH can be treated conservatively, if the effect is not good, non-targeted or targeted EBP is feasible.

4.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 710-714, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994758

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze risk factors for unfavorable outcomes after recanalization of large vessel occlusion (LVO) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).Methods:Patients with AIS-LVO who underwent recanalization treatment (including intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular intervention) at the Stroke Unit of Beijing Hospital from August 2018 to January 2022 were consecutively enrolled. According to the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at 90-day follow-up after recanalization treatment, participants were classified as unfavorable outcomes (mRS>2) and favorable outcomes (mRS≤2). Baseline clinical data of enrolled patients was collected, and step-wise multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent risk factors for unfavorable outcomes after recanalization in AIS-LVO patients.Results:A total of 212 AIS-LVO patients were enrolled, including 86 females (41.35%), with an average age of 72.9 years. There were 75 patients in the favorable outcome group and 137 patients in the unfavorable outcome group. Compared with the favorable outcome group, the unfavorable outcome group had a higher average age, a higher proportion of females and patients with atrial fibrillation, higher baseline NIHSS, higher systolic blood pressure, and higher blood creatinine and D-dimer levels (all P<0.05). After adjusting for age and atrial fibrillation as confounding factors, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that female ( OR=2.859, 95% CI: 1.202-6.799, P=0.018), higher baseline NIHSS ( OR=14.417, 95% CI: 6.269-33.158, P<0.001), higher pre-treatment systolic blood pressure ( OR=1.034, 95% CI: 1.015-1.054, P=0.001), higher emergency blood creatinine level ( OR=1.378, 95% CI: 1.105-1.719, P=0.005), and higher D-dimer level ( OR=3.594, 95% CI: 1.290-10.014, P=0.014) were independent risk factors for unfavorable outcomes after recanalization treatment in patients with AIS-LVO. Conclusion:Female, higher NIHSS, higher systolic blood pressure, higher blood creatinine level and D-dimer level are independent risk factors for unfavorable functional outcomes at 90 days after recanalization treatment of large vessel occlusion in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

5.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 281-289, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994405

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between metabolic score for insulin resistance (METS-IR) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) and albuminuria in the Chinese population.Methods:This cross-sectional study was conducted from January to December 2018 among residents aged 20 to 70 years in ten regions of eight provinces in China; all residents had lived in their region for more than 5 years. Various parameters were measured, included fasting blood glucose, 2-hour postprandial blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA 1c), blood lipids, renal function, urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR), etc. Data of 5 060 subjects meeting the criteria were included in the study. CKD was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)<60 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2 or UACR≥30 mg/g. Albuminuria was defined as UACR≥30 mg/g. METS-IR was calculated and categorized into quartiles: Q1, METS-IR≤32.19; Q2, METS-IR 32.20-37.10; Q3, METS-IR 37.11-42.58; and Q4, METS-IR>42.58. The correlation between METS-IR and CKD and albuminuria was analyzed by binary logistic regression, and subgroup analyses were performed. Results:There were 1 266, 1 266, 1 265, and 1 263 participants included in Q1-Q4 groups, respectively. With the increase of METS-IR quartile, various parameters increased, including age, fasting blood glucose, HbA 1c, triglycerides, serum uric acid, waist circumference, body mass index, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and the proportion of males also increased (all P<0.05). The proportion of patients with CKD and albuminuria increased significantly with the increase in interquartile range (Q) of METS-IR (all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that for every 1-unit increment of METS-IR, the risk of CKD and albuminuria were both increased by 2% [for both: odds ratio ( OR)=1.02, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.01-1.03]. Compared with the lowest METS-IR group (Q1), the ORs for CKD and albuminuria in the highest METS-IR group (Q4) were 1.57 (95% CI 1.17-2.10) and 1.46 (95% CI 1.09-1.96), respectively. In the subgroup analyses, increased METS-IR was significantly associated with CKD and albuminuria among women (CKD: OR=1.62, 95% CI 1.14-2.31; albuminuria: OR=1.53, 95% CI 1.07-2.18), individuals with HbA 1c<7% ( OR=1.64, 95% CI 1.21-2.23; OR=1.55, 95% CI 1.14-2.11), individuals with eGFR≥90 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2 ( OR=1.78, 95% CI 1.27-2.49; OR=1.80, 95% CI 1.28-2.53), and the Chinese Han population ( OR=1.56, 95% CI 1.13-2.17; OR=1.41, 95% CI 1.01-1.96). Conclusions:METS-IR is significantly associated with CKD and albuminuria in a Chinese population. Furthermore, the higher the METS-IR, the higher the risk of CKD and albuminuria.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 94-100, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993057

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the correlation between the volume of irradiated pelvic bone marrow and acute hematologic toxicity (HT), in order to provide clinical data to reduce the risk of acute HT and optimize the radiotherapy plan.Methods:From October 2017 to May 2019, 41 LARC patients who received neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) were retrospectively reviewed in our center. All patients were treated with 5-field intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), and the prescription dose delivered to PTV was 45-50.4 Gy in 25-28 fractions. Capecitabine or 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) wasadministered daily 5 days a week during radiotherapy. Different HTswere recorded according to National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria Version 5.0 (NCI-CTC.V5.0) based on laboratory tests. The volume of PBM or each site (coxal, sacrum, femoral) receiving more than x Gy refers to as TVx, CVx, SVx, and FVx, respectively. Logistic regression was performed to evaluate the association between the volume of irradiated pelvic bone marrow and different HT. Generalized additive model (GAM) and piecewise regression were used to further analyze the possible nonlinear relationship and threshold effect between them. Results:Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that low-dose of irradiated total pelvic bone marrow volume ( TV5) and coxal bone marrow volume ( CV5, CV10) were significantly correlated with Grade ≥2 leukopenia( P<0.05). There was a significant negative correlation between the sacrum bone marrow volume ( SV5, SV10) and Grade ≥2 leukopenia ( P<0.05). A thresholdeffect has been observed between CV10 and Grade ≥2 leukopenia by Generalized additive model (GAM) and piecewise linear regression. The threshold between CV10 and Grade ≥2 leukopenia was 575 ml, OR (95% CI) was 1.85 (1.08, 3.16). Conclusions:In neoadjuvant IMRT of rectal cancer, CV is a better predictor of acute HT induced by CCRT than TV. The irradiated volume of CV associated with acute HT was mainly low-dose levels ( CV5, CV10). The thresholds of our study ( CV10= 575 ml) could be a good reference for the optimization of the radiotherapy plan.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 252-258, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992956

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the significance of four-dimensional CT angiography(4D CTA) and CT perfusion (CTP) imaging in evaluating collateral circulation grades in patients with moyamoya disease and moyamoya syndrome and their relationship with cerebral hemodynamics.Methods:The clinical and imaging data of 32 patients with moyamoya disease and moyamoya syndrome in Beijing Hospital from January 2017 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent 4D CTA-CTP imaging. Collateral circulation was scored on CTA images by using Alberta stroke program early CT score system, and on digital subtraction angiography (DSA) images by using American society of interventional and therapeutic neuroradiology/Society of interventional radiology score system, respectively. The patients were divided into Ⅰ-Ⅲ circulation compensation grades based on collateral circulation score. Regions of interest were delineated at basal ganglia on perfusion maps and the perfusion parameters were obtained including cerebral blood volume (CBV), cerebral blood flow (CBF), mean transit time (MTT), mean transit time (TTP) and delay time (DLY). The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare the perfusion parameters in different collateral circulation grades, and pairwise comparison was performed with Bonferroni correction. Kappa and Spearman tests were used to analyze the consistency and correlation of 4D CTA and DSA in the classification of collateral circulation.Results:4D CTA and DSA had a moderate consistency (Kappa=0.693, P<0.001) and a strong correlation ( r=0.805, P<0.001) in evaluating collateral grades. There were statistically significant differences in CBF, MTT and TTP among collateral compensation grade Ⅰ, grade Ⅱ and grade Ⅲ ( H values were 7.91, 11.69, 8.93; P values were 0.019, 0.003 and 0.012, respectively). Further pairwise comparison showed that the CBF of collateral compensation grade Ⅰ was lower than that of grade Ⅲ ( P=0.015), MTT of grade Ⅱ was higher than that of grade Ⅲ ( P=0.005), and TTP of grade Ⅰ was higher than that of grade Ⅲ ( P=0.015). There was no statistical significance of other indicators in pairwise comparison. There were no significant differences in CBV and DLY among collateral compensation grade Ⅰ, grade Ⅱ and grade Ⅲ ( P>0.05). Conclusions:4D CTA-CTP is equivalent to DSA in evaluating collateral circulation in patients with moyamoya disease and moyamoya syndrome. It can also evaluate the cerebral hemodynamics comprehensively, which has high clinical significance for disease monitoring.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 363-368, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964230

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate retinal vascularization caused by the intravitreal injection of Conbercept in the treatment of a series of retinopathy of prematurity(ROP)cases in Type Ⅰ(threshold and pre-threshold period)and aggressive ROP(A-ROP).METHODS: The data of 34 ROP cases(67 eyes)treated by intravitreal injection of Conbercept(IVC)in the ophthalmology department of the Xiamen Children's Hospital from July 2017 to March 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Reactivation, which refers to recurrence of acute phase features, occurred at any stage of the disease in the presence or absence of other diseases. RESULT: The average gestational age of the 34 children was 28.82±2.32wk. The average birth weight was 1155.18±398.22g. The lesion zone of 19 cases(37 eyes)was Zone Ⅰ. In 10 cases(20 eyes), the lesion was in Zone Ⅱ, and in 5 cases(10 eyes), the lesion was in the posterior Zone Ⅱ. The total effective rate of disease control in ROP children treated with once IVC was 73.1%(49/67), and the vascularization of Zone Ⅱ was completed. The patients showed variable changes in the vascularization in Zone Ⅲ. For the patients who received one treatment and did not reactivate, the average rate of Type Ⅰ vascularization of ROP was 9.11±2.49wk, and the A-ROP was 13.40±4.04wk. The rate of A-ROP vascularization in Zone Ⅱ was significantly longer compared to Type Ⅰ.CONCLUSION: IVC effectively completes vascularization in Zone Ⅱ.

9.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 374-380, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981966

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the safety and short-term effectiveness of blinatumomab in the treatment of childhood relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (R/R-ALL).@*METHODS@#Six children with R/R-ALL who received blinatumomab treatment from August 2021 to August 2022 were included as subjects, and a retrospective analysis was performed for their clinical data.@*RESULTS@#Among the six children, there were three boys and three girls, with a median age of 10.5 (5.0-13.0) years at the time of inclusion. Of all six children, one had refractory ALL and did not achieve remission after several times of chemotherapy, and 5 relapsed for the first time, with a median time of 30 (9-60) months from diagnosis to relapse. Minimal residual disease (MRD) before treatment was 15.50% (0.08%-78.30%). Three children achieved complete remission after treatment, among whom two had negative conversion of MRD. Five children had cytokine release syndrome (CRS), among whom 3 had grade 1 CRS and 2 had grade 2 CRS. Four children were bridged to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, with a median interval of 50 (40-70) days from blinatumomab treatment to transplantation. The six children were followed up for a median time of 170 days, and the results showed an overall survival rate of 41.7% (95%CI: 5.6%-76.7%) and a median survival time of 126 (95%CI: 53-199) days.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Blinatumomab has good short-term safety and effectiveness in the treatment of childhood R/R-ALL, and its long-term effectiveness needs to be confirmed by studies with a larger sample size.


Subject(s)
Male , Child , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Antineoplastic Agents , Retrospective Studies , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Antibodies, Bispecific/adverse effects
10.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 866-872, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988763

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the technology frontiers for neuroblastoma treatment from the perspective of patent citation network. Methods Through patent analysis for neuroblastoma treatment, highly cited patents and highly cited papers in the citation network were taken as the research objects. The title and abstract of the citing patents were analyzed by text clustering to identify the technology frontiers. Through social network analysis, the core patents were identified from the indices of degree centrality, betweenness centrality, closeness centrality, and eigenvector centrality. Results A total of 6240 patent applications for neuroblastoma treatment were found, including 71304 patent citations and 88698 journal-article citations. Four technology frontiers were identified based on patent citation network, namely, drug target, drug design, tumor-indication expansion, and gene-expression regulation. Three technology frontiers were identified based on journal-article citation network. They were drug target, drug design, and tumor-indication expansion. Conclusion The development of technology for neuroblastoma treatment continues to be active. Drug target and drug design are the most important technology frontiers. This study could provide certain reference for neuroblastoma treatment from the perspective of information science.

11.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 527-532, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985903

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the gene mutation profile of newly diagnosed pediatric B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and analyze its effect on minimal residual disease (MRD). Methods: A total of 506 newly diagnosed B-ALL children treated in Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from September 2018 to July 2021 were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study. The enrolled children were divided into MRD ≥1.00% group and <1.00% group according to MRD results on the 19th day since chemotherapy, and MRD ≥0.01% group and <0.01% group according to MRD results on the 46th day. Clinical characteristics and gene mutations of two groups were compared. Comparisons between groups were performed with chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. Independent risk factors of MRD results on the 19th day and the 46th day were analyzed by Logistic regression model. Results: Among all 506 patients, there were 318 males and 188 females. On the 19th day, there were 114 patients in the MRD ≥1.00% group and 392 patients in the MRD <1.00% group. On the 46th day, there were 76 patients in the MRD ≥0.01% group and 430 patients in the MRD <0.01% group. A total of 187 gene mutations were detected in 487 (96.2%) of 506 children. The most common gene mutations were signal transduction-related KRAS gene mutations in 111 cases (22.8%) and NRAS gene mutations in 99 cases (20.3%). Multivariate analysis showed that PTPN11 (OR=1.92, 95%CI 1.00-3.63), KMT2A (OR=3.51, 95%CI 1.07-11.50) gene mutations and TEL-AML1 (OR=0.48, 95%CI 0.27-0.87), BCR-ABL1 (OR=0.27, 95%CI 0.08-0.92) fusion genes and age >10 years (OR=1.91, 95%CI 1.12-3.24) were independent influencing factors for MRD ≥1.00% on the 19th day. BCORL1 (OR=2.96, 95%CI 1.18-7.44), JAK2 (OR=2.99, 95%CI 1.07-8.42) and JAK3 (OR=4.83, 95%CI 1.50-15.60) gene mutations and TEL-AML1 (OR=0.43, 95%CI 0.21-0.87) fusion gene were independent influencing factors for MRD ≥0.01% on the 46th day. Conclusions: Children with B-ALL are prone to genetic mutations, with abnormalities in the RAS signaling pathway being the most common. Signal transduction related PTPN11, JAK2 and JAK3 gene mutations, epigenetic related KMT2A gene mutation and transcription factor related BCORL1 gene mutation are independent risk factors for MRD.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Male , Humans , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Neoplasm, Residual/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Genomics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 966-973, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985621

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the trend of epidemiological characteristics and spatiotemporal distribution of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) among smear-positive or other types of students in Guizhou Province from 2011 to 2020, and to provide a reference for improving prevention and control measures. Methods: Data were collected from the Chinese Information System's Notifiable Disease and Tuberculosis Management Information System for disease control and prevention, the Joinpoint 4.9.1.0 software was used to analyze the trend of registration rate; the ArcGIS 10.6 software was used to construct a ring map and to perform spatial autocorrelation analysis; the SaTScan 9.7 software was used for spatial-temporal scan statistics. Results: A total of 32 682 student PTB cases were reported in Guizhou Province from 2011 to 2020, including 5 949 (18.20%) smear-positive cases. Most cases occurred from high school students of 16 to 18 years old (43.99%, 14 376/32 682); the annual average registered rate was 36.22/100 000, the highest in 2018 (52.90/100 000), and the registration rate showed an increasing trend. Meanwhile, a similar trend of registration rate was observed among smear-positive or other types of students. The spatialtemporal heterogeneity was found that the "high-high" clustering patterns of smear-positive or other types were aggregated in Bijie City. Six spatialtemporal clusters with statistically significant (all P<0.001) were detected among smear-positive or other cases, respectively. Conclusions: Upward trend with spatial- temporal clusters of PTB cases reported in students from Guizhou Province from 2011 to 2020. Surveillance should be strengthened for high school students, and regular screening should be conducted in high-risk areas to control the source of infection and reduce the risk of transmission.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/epidemiology , Asian People , Cluster Analysis , Software , Students
13.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1643-1656, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978834

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differences in the influencing factors for acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) and infectious pancreatic necrosis (IPN) between Eastern and Western countries, and to provide a theoretical basis for the prediction and prevention of ANP. Methods Databases including PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were searched for articles on the influencing factors for ANP and IPN published up to January 21, 2021, and a Meta-analysis was performed. Results A total of 59 studies were included, with 22 studies from Eastern countries and 37 studies from Western countries.The Meta-analysis showed that in Eastern countries, male sex (odds ratio[ OR ]=1.51, 95% confidence interval[ CI ]: 1.18-1.91, P < 0.01), C-reactive protein (CRP)(standardized mean difference[ SMD ]=1.39, 95% CI : 1.06-1.71, P < 0.01), D-dimer ( SMD =0.44, 95% CI : 0.07-0.81, P =0.02), Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE-Ⅱ) score (mean difference[ MD ]=3.51, 95% CI : 1.38-5.64, P < 0.01), alcoholic etiology ( OR =3.57, 95% CI : 2.68-4.75, P < 0.01), and biliary etiology ( OR =0.60, 95% CI : 0.46-0.77, P < 0.01) were the influencing factors for ANP, and in Western countries, male sex ( OR =1.63, 95% CI : 1.30-2.05, P < 0.01), CRP ( SMD =2.09, 95% CI : 1.12-3.05, P < 0.01), APACHE-Ⅱ score ( MD =4.28, 95% CI : 2.73-5.83, P < 0.01), Ranson score ( MD =2.99, 95% CI : 2.50-3.47, P < 0.01), and organ failure ( OR =10.87, 95% CI : 2.62-45.04, P < 0.01) were the influencing factors for ANP.In Eastern countries, age ( MD =2.16, 95% CI : 0.43-3.89, P =0.01), body mass index (BMI)( MD =1.74, 95% CI : 1.23-2.25, P < 0.01), albumin level ( SMD =-0.43, 95% CI : -0.75 to-0.12, P < 0.01), CRP ( SMD =0.58, 95% CI : 0.04-1.11, P =0.03), procalcitonin ( SMD =0.80, 95% CI : 0.56-1.04, P < 0.01), D-dimer ( MD =0.23, 95% CI : 0.15-0.31, P < 0.01), APACHE-Ⅱ score ( MD =2.47, 95% CI : 0.73-4.22, P < 0.01), Ranson score ( MD =1.60, 95% CI : 1.46-1.73, P < 0.01), and extent of necrosis ≥30%( OR =2.52, 95% CI : 1.26-5.06, P < 0.01) were the influencing factors for IPN, while in Western countries, age ( MD =4.07, 95% CI : 1.82-6.31, P < 0.01), APACHE-Ⅱ score ( MD =3.28, 95% CI : 1.39-5.17, P < 0.01), Ranson score ( MD =2.18, 95% CI : 1.75-2.62, P < 0.01), SIRS score ( OR =3.88, 95% CI : 1.58-9.51, P < 0.01), alcoholic etiology ( OR =0.61, 95% CI : 0.42-0.87, P < 0.01), and organ failure ( OR =3.63, 95% CI : 1.11-11.92, P =0.03) were the influencing factors for IPN. Conclusion Current evidence shows that biliary etiology and alcoholic etiology are unique influencing factors for ANP in the Eastern population, while Ranson score is a unique influencing factor in the Western population.BMI and extent of necrosis ≥30% are unique influencing factors for IPN in the Eastern population, while alcoholic etiology is a unique influencing factor in the Western population.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1655-1662, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978719

ABSTRACT

An UHPLC-Q-exactive orbitrap MS method for the simultaneous determination of 19 chemical components in Qilong Zhuang'er oral liquid was established and the quality differences between different batches of samples was compared by chemometric analysis to provide a basis for the quality evaluation of the preparation. The contents of allantoin, L-proline, pyroglutamic acid, hordenine, adenosine, L-phenylalanine, guanosine, L-tryptophan, caffeic acid, calycosin-7-glucoside, verbascoside, isoacteoside, ononin, calycosin, 3-hydroxy-9,10-dimethoxyptercarpan, formononetin, atractylenolide III, atractylenolide II and astragaloside A were analyzed by cluster heat map, principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) using Hiplot platform and MarkerlynxXS software to comprehensively evaluate the quality difference of different batches of Qilong Zhuang'er oral liquid. The 19 chemical compounds showed good linearity in their respective concentration ranges (r ≥ 0.999). The RSD of precision, repeatability and stability (24 h) tests were all less than 1.94%. The average recovery was 97.24%-102.75% (RSD < 2.74%, n = 6). The 10 batches of samples were divided into two categories by cluster heat map and PCA analysis. 3-Hydroxy-9,10-dimethoxyptercarpan, atractylenolide III, calycosin, atractylenolide II, formononetin, allantoin and caffeic acid were identified as differential markers by PLS-DA. The established multi component quantitative method of Qilong Zhuang'er oral liquid combined with chemometric analysis can provide reference for the quality evaluation of the preparation.

15.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 317-322, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971531

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between serum lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) level and the risk of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) recurrence in hypertensive patients.@*METHODS@#This retrospective case-control study was conducted among 211 hypertensive patients with AIS treated in Foshan First People's Hospital, including 35 patients with recurrence of AIS during the 1-year follow-up as confirmed by head CT/MR. In the overall patients, 60 had grade 1 hypertension (including 5 recurrent cases), 76 had grade 2 hypertension (with 11 recurrent cases), and 75 had grade 3 hypertension (with 19 recurrent cases). Univariate analysis, multivariate logistic regression analysis, trend analysis, and smooth curve fitting analysis were performed to explore the correlation between serum Lp-PLA2 level within 24 h after admission and the risk of AIS recurrence. The predictive efficacy of serum Lp-PLA2 level for AIS recurrence in different hypertension grades was evaluated using ROC curve analysis.@*RESULTS@#Serum Lp-PLA2 level, age, NIHSS score at admission, mRS scores at 7 days, homocysteine level and smoking status differed significantly between patients with and without AIS recurrence (P < 0.05). After adjustment for confounding factors, multivariate regression analysis showed that the highest tertile of Lp-PLA2 level was associated with a 4.13-fold increase of AIS recurrence risk compared with the lowest tertile (OR=5.13, 95% CI: 1.35-19.40), and each 1 ng/mL increase of Lp-PLA2 level was associated with a 1% increase of AIS recurrence risk (OR= 1.01, 95% CI: 1.01-1.02). Serum Lp-PLA2 level was shown to positively correlate with AIS recurrence risk, and in patients with grade 3 hypertension, its areas under the ROC curve for predicting AIS recurrence was 0.869 with a specificity of 0.893 and a sensitivity of 0.737.@*CONCLUSION@#Serum Lp-PLA2 concentration is an independent risk factor and potentially an effective predictor for AIS recurrence in patients with grade 3 hypertension.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , 1-Alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine Esterase , Acute Disease , Biomarkers , Brain Ischemia/etiology , Case-Control Studies , Cerebral Infarction , Hypertension/complications , Ischemic Stroke/complications , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stroke
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 783-787, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982130

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of hemoglobin (Hb) on the efficacy of chimeric antigen receptor T cell therapy (CAR-T) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#From June 2017 to December 2020, 76 MM patients who received CAR-T therapy in the Department of Hematology, The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, with complete clinical data and evaluable efficacy, were selected as the research objects. According to the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the best cut-off value was obtained. The patients were divided into groups on the basis of Hb 105.5 g/L as the cut-off value. The age, sex, serum calcium, β2-microglobulin, serum creatinine, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and the influencing factors of CAR-T treatment efficacy in MM patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Hb was an influencing factor of efficacy. Univariate analysis showed that Hb, LDH, and albumin affected the efficacy of CAR-T therapy. Multivariate analysis showed that Hb ( OR=1.039, 95% CI: 1.002-1.078) and LDH ( OR=1.014, 95% CI: 1.000-1.027) were the influencing factors for the efficacy of CAR-T therapy.@*CONCLUSION@#The efficacy of CAR-T therapy in MM patients with low Hb is poor, and Hb is a factor affecting the efficacy of CAR-T therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Treatment Outcome , Hematologic Diseases
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 442-447, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982078

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the biological effects and its relative mechanism of decitabine combined with anlotinib on multiple myeloma cells.@*METHODS@#The human MM cell lines and primary cells were treated with different concentrations of decitabine, anlotinib, and decitabine+anlotinib, respectively. The cell viability was detected and combination effect was calculated by CCK-8 assay. The apoptosis rate was measured by flow cytometry and the level of c-Myc protein was determined by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Both decitabine and anlotinib could effectively inhibit the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of MM cell lines NCI-H929 and RPMI-8226. The effect of combined treatment on the inhibition of cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis was stronger than that of single-drug treatment. The combination of the two drugs also showed strong cytotoxicity in primary MM cells. Decitabine and anlotinib could down-regulate the level of c-Myc protein in MM cells and the c-Myc level in the combination group was the lowest.@*CONCLUSION@#Decitabine combined with anlotinib can effectively inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of MM cells, which provides a certain experimental basis for the treatment of human MM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Myeloma/metabolism , Decitabine , Cell Line, Tumor , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 389-395, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982071

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the risk and location of multiple malignancies in patients with hematologic malignancies who were followed up for 9 years in Jiangsu Province Hospital and to evaluate the impact of the second primary malignancy on survival of patients.@*METHODS@#The incidence and survival of multiple malignancies in 7 921 patients with hematologic malignancies from 2009 to 2017 were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#A total of 180 (2.3%, 180/7 921) patients developed second malignancy, of whom 58 patients were diagnosed with hematologic malignancies as the first primary malignancy, and 98 patients developed hematologic malignancies as second primary malignancy, and the other 24 cases were diagnosed with the second malignancy within 6 months after the first primary malignancy was diagnosed, which was difined as multiple malignancies occurring simultaneously. In 180 patients, 18 cases developed two hematologic malignancies successively, and 11 patients developed more than 3 primary cancers (among them, 2 female patients were diagnosed with 4 primary cancers). Patients with lymphoma and multiple myeloma (MM) as the second primary malignancy had poorer survival than patients with lymphoma and MM as the first primary malignancy. Patients with chronic myeloid leukemia as the second primary malignancy were also associated with inferior overall survival.@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, 2.3% of hematologic malignancy patients had multiple mali-gnancies, lymphoma and MM as the second primary malignancy had poor survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , East Asian People , Hematologic Neoplasms/complications , Lymphoma/complications , Multiple Myeloma/complications , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Retrospective Studies , Survival Analysis
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3345-3359, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981471

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and molecular mechanism of Xuebijing Injection in the treatment of sepsis-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS) based on network pharmacology and in vitro experiment. The active components of Xuebijing Injection were screened and the targets were predicted by the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP). The targets of sepsis-associated ARDS were searched against GeneCards, DisGeNet, OMIM, and TTD. Weishengxin platform was used to map the targets of the main active components in Xuebijing Injection and the targets of sepsis-associated ARDS, and Venn diagram was established to identify the common targets. Cytoscape 3.9.1 was used to build the "drug-active components-common targets-disease" network. The common targets were imported into STRING for the building of the protein-protein interaction(PPI) network, which was then imported into Cytoscape 3.9.1 for visualization. DAVID 6.8 was used for Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment of the common targets, and then Weishe-ngxin platform was used for visualization of the enrichment results. The top 20 KEGG signaling pathways were selected and imported into Cytoscape 3.9.1 to establish the KEGG network. Finally, molecular docking and in vitro cell experiment were performed to verify the prediction results. A total of 115 active components and 217 targets of Xuebijing Injection and 360 targets of sepsis-associated ARDS were obtained, among which 63 common targets were shared by Xuebijing Injection and the disease. The core targets included interleukin-1 beta(IL-1β), IL-6, albumin(ALB), serine/threonine-protein kinase(AKT1), and vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA). A total of 453 GO terms were annotated, including 361 terms of biological processes(BP), 33 terms of cellular components(CC), and 59 terms of molecular functions(MF). The terms mainly involved cellular response to lipopolysaccharide, negative regulation of apoptotic process, lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway, positive regulation of transcription from RNA polyme-rase Ⅱ promoter, response to hypoxia, and inflammatory response. The KEGG enrichment revealed 85 pathways. After diseases and generalized pathways were eliminated, hypoxia-inducible factor-1(HIF-1), tumor necrosis factor(TNF), nuclear factor-kappa B(NF-κB), Toll-like receptor, and NOD-like receptor signaling pathways were screened out. Molecular docking showed that the main active components of Xuebijing Injection had good binding activity with the core targets. The in vitro experiment confirmed that Xuebijing Injection suppressed the HIF-1, TNF, NF-κB, Toll-like receptor, and NOD-like receptor signaling pathways, inhibited cell apoptosis and reactive oxygen species generation, and down-regulated the expression of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 in cells. In conclusion, Xuebijing Injection can regulate apoptosis and response to inflammation and oxidative stress by acting on HIF-1, TNF, NF-κB, Toll-like receptor, and NOD-like receptor signaling pathways to treat sepsis-associated ARDS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Network Pharmacology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , NF-kappa B , Interleukin-6 , Lipopolysaccharides , Molecular Docking Simulation , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Sepsis/genetics , NLR Proteins
20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 551-556, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965775

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the changes of protein expressions in human lens epithelial cells(SRA01/04)undergoing oxidative damage, hoping to provide new protein target for the pathogenesis of age-related cataract(ARC).METHODS: SRA01/04 cells were divided into experimental group and control group. In the experimental group, cells were irradiated with ultraviolet-B(UVB)for 10min to establish the model of oxidative damage, whereas cells in the control group were untreated. Protein expression profile from the two groups was sequenced by isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation(iTRAQ). The filtering criteria that fold change &#x0026;#x003E;1.2 and p&#x0026;#x003C;0.05 was used to determine the differentially expressed proteins(DEPs). Gene Ontology(GO)and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG)database were utilized for functional enrichment analysis of the top 50 DEPs with either up-regulated or down-regulated significance. Furthermore, Pathway commons software was used to establish the protein-protein interaction(PPI)network.RESULTS: Overall, 552 DEPs were screened out. A total of 176 DEPs were up-regulated in the experimental group compared with the control group, including HMGB1 and USP1, while 376 DEPs were down-regulated, including POLR2A and POLR2B. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis indicated that the top 50 DEPs with up-regulated or down-regulated significance were involved in various crucial biological processes and signaling pathways. PPI network revealed that oxidative damage repair(ODR)-related proteins might play a key role in UVB-induced oxidative damage.CONCLUSIONS: The expressions of multiple proteins, especially ODR-related proteins, can be altered in SRA01/04 cells via UVB irradiation. These findings may provide cellular-related insights into the pathogenesis of ARC and into proteins or pathways associated with therapeutic targets.

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