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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 999-1002, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936518

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand sexual orientation and characteristics of sexual behaviors related with HIV infection among HIV positive male college students in Beijing and to provide suggestions for development of sexual health education and HIV prevention strategy for student population.@*Methods@#HIV positive male college students diagnosed from 2016 to June 30, 2019 in Beijing were recruited. Questionnaire was used to retrospectively investigate sexual orientation and characteristics of sexual behaviors before HIV infection. Behaviors related to HIV infection were compared between absolutely homosexual and others sexual orientation.@*Results@#The average age of male students firstly identified to be HIV positive was (22.18±2.70) years old, 61.5%(123) of them were undergraduate, 69.5%(139) were not registered permanent residency in Beijing, 38.5%(77) of their interviewed sexual partners were from online chat and 83.0%(166) had homosexual behaviors. Sexual orientation score analysis showed that 50.0% of the participants self identified as exclusively homosexual. Compared with other sexual oriental group, exclusively homosexual group had lower mean age of their HIV infection firstly identified( t =2.77, P =0.01), higher rate of Rush use, firstly insertive sexual behavior with male, firstly insertive sexual behavior before 18 years old, sexual partners more than three persons, having regular partners, nonpersistent use of condom, being diagnosed of sexual transmitted disease and the frequency of homosexual behaviors more than 1 time per month ( χ 2=5.15,28.06,4.16,5.34,5.89,7.39,6.68, P <0.05). Rush users had higher rate of STD diagnosis than non users in exclusively homosexual group ( χ 2=6.26, P =0.01).@*Conclusion@#Risky sexual behaviors associated with HIV infection were higher in exclusively homosexual group then other sexual orientation groups among HIV positive male college students. Family and school should concern with sexual health education byreinforcing health education via network media to improve college students’ awarenees on HIV/AIDS.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1514-1522, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929371

ABSTRACT

To explore the pharmacogenomic markers that affect the platinum-based chemotherapy response in non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), we performed a two-cohort of genome-wide association studies (GWAS), including 34 for WES-based and 433 for microarray-based analyses, as well as two independent validation cohorts. After integrating the results of two studies, the genetic variations related to the platinum-based chemotherapy response were further determined by fine-mapping in 838 samples, and their potential functional impact were investigated by eQTL analysis and in vitro cell experiments. We found that a total of 68 variations were significant at P < 1 × 10-3 in cohort 1 discovery stage, of which 3 SNPs were verified in 262 independent samples. A total of 541 SNPs were significant at P < 1 × 10-4 in cohort 2 discovery stage, of which 8 SNPs were verified in 347 independent samples. Comparing the validated SNPs in two GWAS, ADCY1 gene was verified in both independent studies. The results of fine-mapping showed that the G allele carriers of ADCY1 rs2280496 and C allele carriers of rs189178649 were more likely to be resistant to platinum-based chemotherapy. In conclusion, our study found that rs2280496 and rs189178649 in ADCY1 gene were associated the sensitivity of platinum-based chemotherapy in NSCLC patients.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1716-1720, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941528

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) is the template for HBV transcription and replication and exists stably in hepatocytes in the form of minichromosome. Based on the mechanism of cccDNA inactivation or clearance and the development of related drugs, this article introduces the current knowledge on the formation, transcription, and degradation of cccDNA and reviews the research advances in cccDNA-targeted drugs and biological techniques.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940394

ABSTRACT

The theoretical origin of the combined therapy of lung and intestine can be traced back to the Inner Canon of Huangdi (《黄帝内经》), which explains the physiological and pathological interaction between the lung and the large intestine. In recent years, researchers have investigated the scientific essence of the "lung-intestine axis" theory from many aspects, which enriches the relevant theoretical basis, and applied it to the treatment of COVID-19, acute lung injury, and other lung diseases. The close relation between lung and intestine in many aspects embodies the holistic conception of traditional Chinese medicine and explains the holistic theory of interrelation between organs, which correlate to each other physiologically and pathologically. Intestinal microecological disorders can affect lung immune function and cause respiratory diseases, and respiratory diseases are usually accompanied by gastrointestinal symptoms. Lung diseases can be prevented and treated by regulating intestinal flora. According to histoembryology, the epithelial tissue of the lung and intestine comes from primitive foregut. In immunology, both lung and intestine contain mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue, and the pathological changes of the respiratory tract are also closely related to intestinal microorganisms. The tissue origin of lung and large intestine, the correlation of mucosal immunity, and the synchronization of ecological changes provide a scientific basis for the combined therapy of lung and intestine. Therefore, this paper summarizes the theoretical origin, modern research mechanism, and clinical application of combined therapy of lung and intestine, in order to provide a new direction for its application in clinical and scientific research.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936140

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of 275 nm and 310 nm ultraviolet irradiation on ovariectomized rats' bone metabolism.@*METHODS@#Twenty four 3-month-old female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat were randomly divided into control group, sham operated group, 275 nm ultraviolet (UV) irradiation group and 310 nm UV irradiation group. Each group contained 6 rats. The rats in the two irradiation groups were treated with bilateral ovariectomy. The rats in sham operated group received sham operation (They were given the same back incision and a bit of par-ovarian fat were removed). Control group received no disposition. About 24 weeks after operation, all the rats received detailed bone mineral density (BMD) detection again. Detection regions include cervical vertebra, lumbar vertebra, proximal femur, mid femur and distal femur. Next, osteopenia rats in 275 nm irradiation group were UV irradiated 275 nm with fixed illumination intensity (15 μW/cm2) everyday for 16 weeks. The osteopenia rats in 310 nm irradiation group were UV irradiated 310 nm with fixed illumination intensity (15 μW/cm2) everyday for 16 weeks. The backs of the rats were shaved regularly as irradiation area (6 cm×8 cm). After 16-week irradiation, all the rats' BMD of cervical vertebra, lumbar vertebra, proximal femur, mid femur and distal femur were measured. At the end of the trial, all the rats' blood specimens were obtained and serum 25(OH)D, procollagen type Ⅰ N-peptide (PINP) and osteocalcin (OC) were measured.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control group [(238.78±26.74) mg/cm3], the BMD of the whole body were significantly lower in 275 nm [(193.34±13.28) mg/cm3] and 310 nm [(191.19±18.48) mg/cm3] irradiation groups (P=0.002, P=0.001). There were no significant difference between sham operated group [(227.20±14.32) mg/cm3] and control group. After 16-week ultraviolet irradiation, the BMD of the whole body were significantly increased in 275 nm [(193.34±13.28) mg/cm3 vs. (221.68±25.52) mg/cm3, P=0.005] and 310 nm groups [(191.19±18.48) mg/cm3 vs. (267.48±20.54) mg/cm3, P < 0.001] after corresponding irradiation. The BMD of the four body regions (lumbar vertebra, proximal femur, mid femur and distal femur) had significantly increased after irradiation in 275 nm irradiation group. For 310 nm irradiation group, the BMD in cervical vertebra, lumbar vertebra, proximal femur, mid femur and distal femur also had increased significantly after 310 nm ultraviolet irradiation. The concentration of serum 25(OH)D and OC was higher in 275 nm irradiation group than in control group [(46.78±5.59) μg/L vs. (21.32±6.65) μg/L, P=0.002;(2.05±0.53) U/L vs. (1.32±0.07) U/L, P=0.022]. Compared with the control, the concentration of serum 25(OH)D [(58.05±12.74) μg/L], OC [(2.04±0.53) U/L] and PINP [(176.16±24.18) U/L] was significantly higher (P < 0.001, P=0.015, P=0.005) in 310 nm irradiation group. However, there were no significantly difference between sham operated group and the control.@*CONCLUSION@#Both 275 nm and 310 nm ultraviolet could improve rats' vitamin D synthesis. Both 275 nm and 310 nm ultraviolet could improve osteopenia rats' bone condition. The irradiation of 310 nm might be more effective on bone condition improvement.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Density , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/metabolism , Female , Femur/metabolism , Humans , Osteocalcin/metabolism , Ovariectomy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
6.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 190-195, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935503

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the value of MDM2 RNA in situ hybridization (RNA-ISH) in diagnosing atypical lipomatous tumor/well-differentiated liposarcoma (ALT/WDL) and dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDL). Methods: A total of 26 ALT/WDL/DDLs diagnosed from March 2017 to May 2019 in West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China and 18 control cases were included. MDM2 RNA-ISH was performed on all samples and compared with the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) regarding their performance in detecting MDM2. Results: All samples were detected successfully using the three methods. Among 26 ALT/WDL/DDLs, all cases showed MDM2 amplification and positivity for MDM2 RNA-ISH (26/26, 100%). Twenty-four (24/26, 92.3%) of the 26 tested cases were positive for MDM2 IHC while two of them were negative. Eighteen control cases were all negative for MDM2 FISH and RNA-ISH, and 15 (15/18) cases were negative for MDM2 IHC. The sensitivity and specificity of RNA-ISH were both 100%, and those of MDM2 IHC were 92.3% and 83.3%, respectively. Diffuse staining was identified in all MDM2 RNA-ISH positive ALT/WDL/DDLs, but identified in only 8/24 (33.3%) of the MDM2 IHC positive cases. Among the 11 ALT/WDL/DDL samples evaluated on tissue microarray, the positive rate of MDM2 RNA-ISH was 100% with diffuse staining in all cases. The positive rate of MDM2 IHC was 9/11 while only 1 of the 9 cases showed diffuse staining. The result of MDM2 RNA-ISH was identical to that of MDM2 FISH and was overall consistent with that of MDM2 IHC (Kappa=0.763, P<0.001). Conclusions: In ALT/WDL/DDLs, results of MDM2 RNA-ISH are highly consistent with those of FISH. MDM2 RNA-ISH is more sensitive and more specific and has more diffuse positive signals than the IHC. The findings indicate that MDM2 RNA-ISH is highly valuable for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of ALT/WDL/DDLs.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Gene Amplification , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Liposarcoma/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2/genetics , RNA
7.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 650-655, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933835

ABSTRACT

Axial myopathy is a general term for a group of myopathy involving the axial muscles. It refers to a group of skeletal myopathy in which paraspinal muscles are individually or significantly affected, with or without the involvement of whole body skeletal muscles. Axial muscle weakness is often ignored in clinical practice. The evaluation of axial muscle is mainly the evaluation of the paraspinal muscles (erector spinae) in current literature. The clinical manifestations of paraspinal muscle weakness are dropped head syndrome and camptocormia. Physical examination and skeletal muscle magnetic resonance imaging, especially the whole body muscle magnetic resonance scan, are vital for the evaluation of axial muscle. It is of great clinical significance to increase attention to the diagnosis and differentiation of axial myopathy, which is helpful to avoid missing treatable diseases and improve the understanding and early recognition of associated myopath.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the prognostic value of the collateral status and clot burden score based on four-dimensional computed tomography angiography(4D CTA)in anteriorcir culation is chemics troke patients with large ischemic core after endovascular treatment.Methods:Clinical and imaging data of 36 anterior circulation ischemic stroke patients with large infarct core (infarct core≥50.0 ml) after endovascular treatment at our institution from March 2016 to September 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. According to the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score, patients were divided into the good outcome (mRS score 0-2) and poor outcome (mRS score 3-6) groups. Mann-Whitney U and Fisher tests were used to compare the 4D CTA collateral circulation score, clot burden score, and baseline clinical data between the good and poor outcome groups. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors associated with the poor outcome (mRS score 3-6) and mortality in patients with large infarct core stroke. Finally, based on the 90-day outcome, a ROC curve was used to obtain the cut-off values for poor prognosis (mRS 3-6) and death, respectively. Results:Ten patients (27.8%) had good outcome and 26 (72.2%) had poor outcome. The patients in the poor outcome group had older median age, higher blood glucose, lower 4D CTA collateral circulation score, lower clot burden score, larger infarct core volume, and higher hemorrhagic transformation and brain hernia (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression showed that the poor collateral circulation score on 4D CTA( OR=0.18, 95% CI: 0.03-0.99, P<0.05)and clot burden score( OR=0.64, 95% CI: 0.44-0.93, P<0.05) were independent predictors of the poor prognosis. The ROC curves revealed that the cut-off value of infarct core for distinguishing between good prognosis and poor prognosis was 63.7 ml, while that for distinguishing between survival and death was 130.3 ml. Conclusions:Endovascular treatment may improve the prognosis of patients with large infarct core of anterior circulation is chemic stroke if the patients have good 4D CTA collateral circulation score and high clot burden score.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 417-422, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933097

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of infarct growth rate of elderly acute ischemic stroke(AIS)patients with endovascular treatment(EVT)and its influence on prognosis.Methods:Elderly AIS patients who underwent EVT at Beijing hospital from June 2016 to October 2020 were retrospectively included.Infarct growth rate(ml/h)=infarct core volume(ml)/time from stroke onset to CTP examination(h).Based on the rate of infarct growth and the patient's clinical severity, ROC curve was established, and the cut-off value of the ROC curve was obtained.By the cut-off value of the rate of infarct growth, the patients were divided into cerebral infarct slow-growth group and rapid-growth group.Predictors of rapid growth in infarct were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis.The patients were divided into good prognosis group(mRS score 0-2)and poor prognosis group(mRS score 3-6)according to the mRS score at the day 90 and the predictors of poor prognosis were analyzed separately.Results:A total of 67 elderly AIS patients were included with age ranging from 65-96 years and an average of(78.8±7.6)years.(1)The cut-off value of the optimal infarct growth rate for patients with good and poor prognosis was 8.89 ml/h.The patients were divided into fast-growth group(26 patients)and slow-growth group(41 patients)according the cut-off value.(2)Multivariate logistic regression showed that only poor collateral circulation was an independent predictor for fast infarct growth( OR=0.162, 95% CI: 0.053-0.489).(3)Faster infarct growth rate( OR=1.173, 95% CI: 1.044-1.318)and high NIHSS score( OR=1.146, 95% CI: 1.018-1.291)were predictors of poor prognosis. Conclusions:Collateral circulation status is a major influencing factor for the infarct growth rate, and a faster infarct growth rate is a predictor of poor prognosis for elderly AIS patients after endovascular treatment.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 162-167, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933052

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence, neuroimaging features, and related factors for asymptomatic cerebral small vessel disease(CSVD)in the elderly population.Methods:A total of 201 elderly people with no neurological disease history who had undergone brain magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)examination from October 2019 to August 2020 were enrolled.We calculated the total CSVD score for each participant based on lacunar infarcts(LIs), white matter hyperintensities(WMH), enlarged perivascular spaces(EPVS), and cerebral microbleeds(CMBs)(0-4 points).CSVD neuroimaging features and the correlation between CSVD markers and clinical variables were analyzed.Results:In this study, 133 cases(66.2%)showed MRI features consistent with CSVD.Of whom, LIs were present in 44(21.9%), high-grade PVWMH in 88(43.8%), high-grade DWMH in 30(14.9%), basal ganglia EPVS in 61(30.3%), and CMBs in 92(45.8%).Total CSVD burden score( OR=1.876, 95% CI: 1.045-3.364, χ2=4.441, P=0.035), PVWMH( OR=2.821, 95% CI: 1.517-5.244, χ2=10.752, P=0.001), DWMH( OR=2.130, 95% CI: 1.108-4.092, χ2=5.145, P=0.023), and EPVS( OR=3.258, 95% CI: 1.675-6.334, χ2=12.129, P=0.000)were associated with hypertension.Total CSVD burden score, PVWMH, DWMH, EPVS, and CMB were correlated with increasing age( P<0.05).LIs was positively correlated with PVWMH( b=0.231, P=0.001), DWMH( b=0.247, P=0.000)and EPVS( b=0.215, P=0.001).There was a positive relationship between PVWMH and DWMH( b=0.546, P=0.000)as well as EPVS( b=0.388, P=0.000).DWMH was also positively correlated with EPVS( b=0.357, P=0.000)and CMB( b=0.177, P=0.009). Conclusions:The incidence of asymptomatic CSVD is high in the elderly population.The total CSVD score is a useful measure to evaluate asymptomatic cerebral small vessel disease in the elderly population.Neuroimaging features of asymptomatic CSVD are mainly correlated with age and hypertension.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 364-371, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932516

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the value of 4-dimensional CT angiography (4D CTA) to predict hemorrhagic transformation (HT) with a new nomogram model in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients after endovascular treatment (EVT).Methods:Imaging and clinical data of 101 AIS patients with internal carotid artery and/or middle cerebral artery occlusion who underwent "one-stop" CTA-CT perfusion and EVT in green channel of Beijing Hospital from March 2016 to November 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into HT group (45 patients) and non-HT group (56 patients). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to select relevant clinical and imaging variables, such as age, initial National Institute of Health stroke scale (NIHSS) score, 4D CTA collateral circulation score, Alberta stroke program early CT score (ASPECTS), clot burden score, and a predictive nomogram model were developed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and area under the curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the efficacy of predictive nomogram model for diagnosing HT.Results:Univariate analysis showed that there were significant difference of age[79.00(68.00, 85.00) years, 73.00(62.75, 80.00) years, Z=-2.20, P=0.028], NIHSS score [16.00(12.00, 21.00), 9.50(6.00, 14.00), Z=-4.44, P<0.001], ASPECTS score [5.00(3.00, 8.00), 8.00(7.00, 9.00), Z=-4.23, P<0.001], 4D CTA collateral circulation score [2.00(0, 3.00), 3.00(3.00, 4.00), Z=-5.39, P<0.001], clot burden score [4.00(1.00, 7.00), 7.50(6.00, 9.00), Z=-3.42, P=0.001], location of the occlusion(internal carotid artery/middle cerebral artery occlusion was 23/22, 11/45 cases, χ2=9.70, P=0.002), and atrial fibrillation (27 and 19 cases respectively, χ2=5.83, P=0.016) between HT group and non-HT group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that ASPECTS score (OR=0.64, 95%CI 0.47-0.87), NIHSS score (OR=1.13, 95%CI 1.01-1.26), 4D CTA collateral circulation score (OR=0.40,95%CI 0.22-0.76) were independent predictors of HT in AIS patients ( P<0.05). The AUC of the nomogram based on the ASPECTS score, NIHSS score and 4D CTA collateral circulation score to predict HT of AIS patients was 0.876 (95%CI 0.807-0.945), with a sensitivity of 77.8% and specificity of 87.5%. Conclusions:Patients with low ASPECTS score, high NIHSS score and low 4D CTA collateral circulation score have a higher risk of HT after EVT. The nomogram model may predict the probability of HT of AIS patients and provide effective assistance for clinical decision-making.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930677

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application research of continuity nursing based on the interactive reaching standard theory after heart transplantation.Methods:The clinical data of 104 patients after heart transplantation in Nanjing Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University (Nanjing First Hospital) from June 2012 to June 2020 were collected for retrospective study. According to the file order, they were divided into the control group and the experimental group with 52 cases in each group. The control group took regular nursing care, and the experimental group took continuation nursing based on the interactive standard theory on the basis of the control group. The intervention continued for 24 weeks. The compliance behavior, psychological state and other indexes were compared between two groups.Results:The scove of Positive and Negative Affect Scale: after 12 weeks and 24 weeks of nursing, the experimental group′s positive emotion scores (27.71 ± 4.42, 35.11 ± 4.19) were higher than those of the control group (24.45 ± 4.03, 28.87 ± 4.36). The negative emotional scores (24.52 ± 3.71, 16.66 ± 2.28) were lower than those of the control group (28.84 ± 4.14, 23.31 ± 3.46), the differences were statistically significant ( t=5.60, 11.57, P<0.05). After 12-week and 24-week nursing, the experimental group′s health knowledge level score (44.12 ± 4.43, 53.64 ± 4.55) , self-care skills score(35.35 ± 4.01, 44.78 ± 4.22) , self-responsibility score (21.15 ± 2.38, 26.11 ± 1.44) , and self-concept score (18.56 ± 6.25, 23.58 ± 2.58) were higher than the control group (37.78 ± 4.52 and 45.56 ± 5.13, 31.11 ± 3.64 and 36.65 ± 3.91, 18.82 ± 2.46 and 22.35 ± 1.29, 15.96 ± 4.10 and 18.12 ± 3.10), the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 2.51-14.03, P<0.05). Conclusions:Continuing care led by the interactive standard theory can improve the health literacy of patients after heart transplantation, relieve negative emotions, promote post-traumatic growth, enhance self-management capabilities, establish compliance behaviors, and improve heart function.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 408-413, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929628

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influence of the number of high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities (HRCA) on the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) . Methods: A total of 360 patients with newly diagnosed MM admitted to Jiangsu Province Hospital between November 2013 and September 2020 were included in this study. Cytoplasmic light chain immunofluorescence with fluorescence in situ hybridization (cIg-FISH) was used to detect HRCA. Cytogenetic abnormalities were combined with clinical characteristics and outcomes for further analysis. Results: Among the 360 patients, 120 patients (33.3%) presented with no HRCAs, and 175 (48.6%) , 61 (16.9%) , and four (1.1%) patients had one, two, and three HRCA (s) , respectively. Patients were divided into three groups, including the no-HRCA group, one-HRCA group, and ≥two-HRCA group, according to the number of HRCAs. There were significant differences in the R-ISS stage, hemoglobin level, albumin level, and the proportion of bone marrow plasma cells among the three groups (P<0.05) . The COX proportional-hazards model identified extramedullary disease (P=0.018) , HRCA ≥ 2 (P=0.001) , and absence of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (P<0.001) as independent risk factors for progression free survival (PFS) and identified lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level ≥ 220 U/L (P<0.001) , HRCA ≥2 (P=0.001) , and absence of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (P=0.005) as independent risk factors for overall survival (OS) . The median PFS was 28 months, 22 months, and 14 months (P=0.005) for the three cohorts, and their OS was not reached,60 months, and 30 months (P=0.001) , respectively. Conclusions: HRCA ≥ 2 is an independent risk factor for decreased survival in patients with newly diagnosed MM. More HRCAs result in heavier tumor burden, as well as a higher risk of disease progression and death.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Aberrations , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928707

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect and safety of G-CSF combined with Plerixafor on the mobilization of peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cells from healthy related donors of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#It was analyzed retrospectively that the data of peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cells from 33 (observation group) related donors mobilized by G-CSF plus Plerixafor in Hebei Yanda Lu Daopei Hospital from April 2019 to April 2021. Bone marrow and peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cells (PBSCs) of these donors were respectively collected on the fourth and fifth day of G-CSF-induced mobilization. Following the administration of Plerixafor on the night of the fifth day, PBSCs were collected on the sixth day once again. 46 donors using "G-CSF only" mobilization method in the same period were randomly selected as the control and respectively analyzed the differences of CD34+ cell counts on the fifth and the sixth day in two groups. And the donors' adverse reaction to Plerixafor in the form of questionnaire was also observed. Then it was compared that the patients who underwent allo-HSCT in "G-CSF+Plerixafor" group and "G-CSF only" group in terms of acute GVHD at grade I-IV or III-IV, CMV reactivation and EBV reactivation.@*RESULTS@#CD34+ cells count (M±Q) among PBSCs collected on the fifth and the sixth day in the observation group were (1.71±1.02)×106/kg and (4.23±2.33)×106/kg, respectively. CD34+ cell counts on the sixth day was significantly higher than that of the fifth day (P<0.001); While the counterparts in the control group were (2.47±1.60)×106/kg and (1.87±1.37)×106/kg, respectively. By statistical analysis, CD34+ cell counts on the sixth day was significantly less than that of the fifth day (P<0.001). The adverse reaction to Plerixafor for the donors in the study were all grade 1 or 2 (mild or moderate) according to CTCAE 5.0 and disappeared in a short time. The patients who underwent allo-HSCT in the "G-CSF+Plerixafor" group and "G-CSF only" group were not statistically significant in terms of acute GVHD at grade I-IV or III-IV, CMV reactivation and EBV reactivation (P>0.1).@*CONCLUSION@#The cell mobilization program of G-CSF combined with Plerixafor is safe and effective for being applied to allo-HSCT. The addition of Plerixafor can significantly increase the number of CD34 postive cells in the PBSC collection. Key words  ; ;


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD34 , Benzylamines , Cyclams , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Heterocyclic Compounds , Humans , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927954

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the protective effects of Moutan Cortex polysaccharides components(MCPC) on the renal tissues of diabetic nephropathy(DN) rats and explored their regulation effect on inflammatory response and oxidative stress. The DN rat model was induced by high-glucose and high-fat diet combined with streptozotocin(STZ), and then the rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, positive group and MCPC high(120 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), low(60 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) dose groups. After 12 weeks treatment, blood was taken from the orbit of the rats, and then they were sacrificed before the kidney tissues were collected. The serum and tissues were detected for related biochemical indicators and pathological changes of the kidney. Immunohistochemical methods were used to determine the expression of FN and ColⅣ in the kidney tissue of DN rats. Compared with the model group, blood glucose, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen and 24 h urine protein in the MCPC high-dose group were significantly reduced(P<0.01). The results of HE, PAS, Masson staining showed that glomerular basement membrane thickening, Bowman's capsule narrowing and inflammatory cell infiltration in DN rats were improved in the MCPC high-dose group; the activity of T-SOD and GSH-Px in serum significantly increased(P<0.001), and the expression level of FN significantly decreased(P<0.001). The high-dose MCPC treatment could effectively inhibit the abnormal expression of Col Ⅳ(P<0.001) and significantly reduce the levels of AGEs and RAGE in serum(P<0.001), the content of VCAM-1 and IL-1β in serum(P<0.001), and the levels of IL-1β mRNA in kidney tissue(P<0.001), but failed to effectively reduce VCAM-1 mRNA levels in kidney tissues. The high-dose MCPC could significantly improve pathological injury of renal tissue and related renal indicators in DN rats, and achieve renal protection in DN rats mainly by regulating oxidative stress and inflammatory factors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/genetics , Diabetic Nephropathies/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Kidney , Paeonia , Polysaccharides/pharmacology , Rats
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927678

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The pandemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been engendering enormous hazards to the world. We obtained the complete genome sequences of SARS-CoV-2 from imported cases admitted to the Guangzhou Eighth People's Hospital, which was appointed by the Guangdong provincial government to treat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The SARS-CoV-2 diversity was analyzed, and the mutation characteristics, time, and regional trend of variant emergence were evaluated.@*Methods@#In total, 177 throat swab samples were obtained from COVID-19 patients (from October 2020 to May 2021). High-throughput sequencing technology was used to detect the viral sequences of patients infected with SARS-CoV-2. Phylogenetic and molecular evolutionary analyses were used to evaluate the mutation characteristics and the time and regional trends of variants.@*Results@#We observed that the imported cases mainly occurred after January 2021, peaking in May 2021, with the highest proportion observed from cases originating from the United States. The main lineages were found in Europe, Africa, and North America, and B.1.1.7 and B.1.351 were the two major sublineages. Sublineage B.1.618 was the Asian lineage (Indian) found in this study, and B.1.1.228 was not included in the lineage list of the Pangolin web. A reasonably high homology was observed among all samples. The total frequency of mutations showed that the open reading frame 1a (ORF1a) protein had the highest mutation density at the nucleotide level, and the D614G mutation in the spike protein was the commonest at the amino acid level. Most importantly, we identified some amino acid mutations in positions S, ORF7b, and ORF9b, and they have neither been reported on the Global Initiative of Sharing All Influenza Data nor published in PubMed among all missense mutations.@*Conclusion@#These results suggested the diversity of lineages and sublineages and the high homology at the amino acid level among imported cases infected with SARS-CoV-2 in Guangdong Province, China.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , COVID-19/epidemiology , Genomics , Humans , Mutation , Phylogeny , SARS-CoV-2/genetics
18.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 510-515, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884080

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association of body weight and body mass index (BMI) with bone mineral density (BMD) and osteoporotic risk in elderly men with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Methods:210 elderly male patients with T2DM admitted to the Department of Endocrinology of the First Hospital of Changsha from June 2017 to May 2018 were selected as the research objects. The height, weight and bone mass index (BMI) were measured. BMDs of the left hip [including femoral neck (FN), greater trochanter (G.T.), intertrochanter (InTro), and total hip (TH)] and lumbar spine (LS) were measured in 210 elderly male patients with T2DM by dual-energy X-ray absorption method. Patients were divided into three groups according to BMI: the overweight group (24.0 kg/m 2≤BMI<28.0 kg/m 2), the obesity (BMI≥28.0 kg/m 2) group, and the normal group (18.5 kg/m 2≤BMI<24.0 kg/m 2). The influence of body weight and BMI on BMD and osteoporotic risk in these elderly men with T2DM was analyzed. Results:The BMDs in various sites of the hip of the overweight group and obesity group were higher compared with those in the normal weight group ( P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between weight and BMI with BMDs in various sites of the hip femoral neck (including FN, G. T., InTro, and TH) ( r=0.239-0.427, P<0.05). All patients were divided into different tertiles (T1-T3) stratified by weight and BMI respectively. The BMDs in various sites of the hip increased with tertiles stratified by weight ( P<0.05). The TH-BMD also increased with tertiles stratified by BMI ( P<0.05). The odd ratios ( OR) were calculated using T3 as the control group and T1 as the case group, using T2 as the control group and T1 as the case group, respectively. The osteoporotic risks of T1/T3, T1/T2 at FN stratified by weight were significantly increased by 4.50 times ( OR=4.50, 95% CI: 1.41-14.35) and 9.27 times ( OR=9.27, 95% CI: 2.03-42.30); The osteoporotic risks of T1/T3, T1/T2 at TH were significantly increased by 3.25 times ( OR=3.25, 95% CI: 1.10-9.59) and 8.50 times ( OR=8.50, 95% CI: 1.85-38.99). The osteoporotic risks of T1/T3, T1/T2 at FN stratified by BMI respectively were significantly increased by 4.13 times ( OR=4.13, 95% CI: 1.28-13.25) and 5.58 times ( OR=5.58, 95% CI: 1.53-20.42); while the osteoporotic risks of T1/T3, T1/T2 at TH stratified by BMI were not significantly increased ( P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in BMDs and the osteoporotic risks of the LS among T1, T2, and T3, regardless of stratified by weight or BMI ( P>0.05). Conclusions:For elderly males with T2DM, weight and BMI are important factors affecting BMDs in the hip, and also affecting the osteoporotic risks of the hip, especially that of FN. Osteoporotic risks of the FN decrease with the increase of weight and BMI within a certain range.

19.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 493-496,501, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884076

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of conventional ultrasound combined with contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in diagnosis of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (ChRCC).Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the ultrasound features of 40 cases with ChRCC which were confirmed by operation and pathology from January 2012 to January 2018 in our hospital. The site, shape, size, capsule, internal echo and blood supply of the lesions were observed by routine ultrasound. Then CEUS showed the modality of enhancement, including the arrival time, peak time, peak intensity, distribution and the washout time.Results:Among the 40 cases, 38 cases were single, 2 cases were multiple, 17 cases were left kidney, 22 cases were right kidney, 1 case was double kidney. The tumors were located in the upper part of the kidney in 8 cases (20.0%), the lower part of the kidney in 9 cases (22.5%), and the middle part of the kidney in 23 cases (57.5%). One of the tumors was located in the right renal pelvis, and the lesion invaded the renal capsule in 11 cases (27.5%). The tumor was round, quasi round or oval, with clear boundary in 35 cases (87.5%), unclear boundary in 5 cases (12.5%), and the maximum diameter was 2.0-11.2 (5.1±0.8)cm. The lesions were hypoechoic in 23 cases (57.5%), isoechoic in 7 cases (17.5%), slightly hyperechoic in 7 cases (17.5%), cystic and solid mixed echo in 3 cases (7.5%), homogeneous echo in 23 cases (57.5%), heterogeneous echo in 17 cases (42.5%), and calcification in 5 cases (12.5%). Color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) showed that blood vessels could be seen around the lesions, and no obvious blood flow signal was detected in 15 cases (37.5%) of the lesions; few star shaped blood flow signals could be detected in 12 cases (30%) of the lesions, short strip shaped blood flow signals could be detected in 7 cases (17.5%) of the lesions, and abundant blood flow signals could be seen in 6 cases (15%) of the lesions. Four patients underwent contrast-enhanced ultrasound examination at the same time. The lesions began to strengthen rapidly and evenly at the same time in the renal cortex, showing slightly low enhancement, and disappeared earlier than the renal cortex, showing a " fast forward and fast backward" perfusion mode. No tumor thrombus in draining vein, perirenal tissue and lymph node metastasis were found in all cases.Conclusions:Conventional ultrasound show ChRCC to be poor blood supply of solid tumors in the renal parenchyma, most of which are hypoechoic or isoechoic, with clear boundaries. CEUS show the lesions taking on high wash-in and wash-out, low enhancement than the surrounding renal cortex. These features are helpful for preoperative ultrasound diagnosis of ChRCC.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912629

ABSTRACT

Objective:By building a COVID-19 related scientific research progress monitoring system, to mitigate the information needs of different stakeholders such as government decision-makers, enterprises and scientific research institutions, provide reference for global scientific research progress monitoring for possible public health emergencies in the future.Methods:Literature review and expert consultation were adopted to systematically sort out the data sources of journal papers, preprints and other scientific papers, formed their respective monitoring catalogs and determined the tracking path.Results:COVID-19-related papers mainly include journal papers and preprints. The data source monitoring range of journal papers includes the official websites of top journals in biomedical and natural sciences, the database Web of Science and Science Direct, and the monitoring scope of the preprint platform includes medRxiv, bioRxiv, and SSRN, etc. In addition, the virological websites virological and nextstrain should also be monitored.Conclusions:COVID-19-related scientific research progress monitoring system can be used for daily monitoring to provide support for decision-making and deployment of prevention and control work.

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