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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905388

ABSTRACT

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) would result in structural injury and/or physiological disruption of brain. Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) can result in vestibular dysfunctions, such as dizziness, vertigo and imbalance. Vestibular rehabilitation is effective on vestibular dysfunction after mTBI. This paper reviewed the possible mechanisms of vestibular dysfunction caused by mTBI, the common assessments of vestibular function and the new progress in vestibular rehabilitation.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712662

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the expressions of acetylcholine (ACh) and mucin 5AC (MUC5AC) in the lungs of rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD),and explore the mechanism of EA in treating COPD.Methods:Thirty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into a control group,a COPD group,and an EA group,with 10 rats in each group.The control group was a group of normal rats.The COPD rat model was induced by cigarette smoke combined with lipopolysaccharide (LPS).The COPD rats were treated with EA at bilateral Feishu (BL 13) and Zusanli (ST 36) in the EA group,30 min each time,once a day,successively for 14 d.The lung function was tested.The contents of ACh and MUC5AC in lungs and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Pearson method was used to analyze the correlation between pulmonary function and the content of MUC5AC in lungs.The mRNA and protein expressions of MUC5AC in lung tissues were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot (WB),respectively.The immune response of MUC5AC was observed by immunohistochemistry.Results:Eight rats were left in each group,and the other two died.Compared with the control group,the total airway resistance (Raw) increased significantly and dynamic compliance (Cdyn) decreased significantly in the COPD group (P<0.01);compared with the COPD group,the Raw level declined significantly and Cdyn increased significantly in the EA group (P<0.01).The contents of ACh and MUC5AC in the lungs and BALF were remarkably higher in the COPD group compared with those in the control group (P<0.01,P<0.001);compared with the COPD group,the contents of ACh and MUC5AC were significantly lower in the EA group (P<0.05,P<0.001).There was a negative correlation between MUC5AC content and lung function (P<0.001).The mRNA and protein expressions of MUC5AC in the lungs were significantly higher in the COPD group than in the control group (P<0.001);compared with the COPD group,the expressions were significantly lower in the EA group (P<0.01).Compared with the control group,the immune response of MUC5AC in the airway epithelium significantly increased in the COPD group (P<0.001);the immune response of MUC5AC was significantly lower in the EA group compared with that in the COPD group (P<0.001).Conclusion:EA treatment can improve the lung function of COPD rats,which may be related to its effect in the down-regulation of ACh and MUC5AC contents in the lungs as well as the inhibition of mucus hypersecretion.

3.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 418-426, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691046

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Acupuncture has a definite therapeutic effect on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway (CAP) has been shown to be involved in regulation of inflammation. In this study, we investigated whether electro-acupuncture (EA) affects the CAP in COPD.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sprague-Dawley rats were induced into COPD through exposure to cigarette smoke combined with lipopolysaccharide. EA treatment was applied at Zusanli (ST36) and Feishu (BL13) points for 30 min/d for 7 d. Seventy-two rats were randomly divided into six study groups, including normal, normal + EA, normal + α-bungarotoxin (α-BGT) (the antagonist of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor α7 subunit (α7nAChR)) + EA, COPD, COPD + EA, and COPD + α-BGT + EA. Lung function, pathology and vagus nerve discharge were tested. The levels of acetylcholine (ACh), acetylcholinesterase (AChE), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lung tissue were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The mRNA and protein expression and immunoreactivity of α7nAChR and its postreceptor inflammation signal pathway, including janus kinase 2 (JAK2), signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), were observed by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, Western blot and immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with normal rats, there were a significant decline in lung function and discharge of the vagus nerve (P < 0.01), a marked sign of lung inflammation and an increase of ACh, AChE, IL-6 and TNF-α level in BALF or lung tissue (P < 0.05, P < 0.01) and higher expression of α7nAChR, JAK2, STAT3 and NF-κB (P < 0.05, P < 0.01) in the COPD rats. In rats receiving EA, the lung function and vagal discharge were enhanced (P < 0.01), lung inflammation was improved and the levels of ACh, AChE, IL-6 and TNF-α were decreased (P < 0.01). Further, the expression of α7nAChR, JAK2, STAT3 and NF-κB was downregulated (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). However, the above effects of EA were blocked in rats injected with α-BGT (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EA treatment can reduce the lung inflammatory response and improve lung function in COPD, which may be related to its involvement in the regulation of CAP.</p>

4.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 660-664, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616976

ABSTRACT

To explore the feasibility and accuracy for evaluating mitral regurgitation (MR) severity with MR jet volume (MRvol) by means of general imaging three-dimensional quantification (GI3DQ). Methods: A total of 93 MR patients were divided into 2 groups: Central MR group, n=41 and Eccentric MR group, n=52. According to real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) examined planimetry of effective regurgitation orifice area (EROA), the patients were graded into mild MR, moderate MR and severe MR. MRvol was directly measured by GI3DQ. Results: In Central MR group, ROC analysis showed that as GI3DQ measured MRvol>16.2 ml, AUC=0.93, P44.5 ml, AUC=0.96, P14.2 ml, AUC=0.77, P=0.0243, the sensitivity and specificity for differentiating mild MR and moderate MR were 91.8% and 62.5% respectively; as MRvol>40.5 ml, AUC=0.83, P<0.0001, the sensitivity and specificity for differentiating moderate MR and severe MR were 82.3% and 77.9% respectively. Conclusion: Taking RT3DE examined EROA as reference, GI3DQ directly measured MRvol could more accurately assess MR severity especially in patients with central MR, it may distinguish moderate MR and severe MR with the higher sensitivity and specificity.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514489

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate diagnostic value of mitral regurgitation jet volume(MRvol) in the quantification of mitral regurgitation severity by general imaging three-dimensional quantification (GI3DQ) using the guideline recommended 2D integrative method as a reference.Methods Ninety-three patients with MR were divided into central MR group(n =41) and eccentric MR group(n =52).The American Society of Echocardiography (ASE)-recommended 2D integrative method was used as a reference for MR grading and MRvol was directly measured by GI3DQ method.Results In central MR,as assessed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis,the area under the curve(AUC)was 0.87(P <0.0001), and MRvol by GI3DQ at a cutoff value of 16.2 ml yielded 96.2% of sensitivity and 63.6% of specificity to differentiate mild from moderate MR;the AUC was 0.98(P < 0.0001),and a cutoff value of 47.8 ml yielded 98.6% of sensitivity and 96.2% of specificity to differentiate moderate from severe MR. In eccentric MR,the AUC was 0.76(P =0.086),and MRvol at a cutoff value of 14.8 ml yielded 90.9% of sensitivity and 60.0% of specificity to differentiate mild from moderate MR;the AUC was 0.84(P <0.0001) and a cutoff value of 40.7 ml yielded 80.0% of sensitivity and 79.7% of specificity to differentiate moderate from severe MR.Conclusions MRvol measured directly by GI3DQ could more exactly evaluate MR severity,and have better sensitivity and specificity to differentiate moderate from severe MR in central MR.

6.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 471-474, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876978

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of~(56)Fe~(17+)heavy ion on the expression of phosphorylated histone H2AX( γH2AX) of human lymphccytes. METHODS: The Epstein-Barr virus transformed human B lymphocyte cell lines( PengEBV) were selected and exposed to~(56)Fe~(17+)heavy ion at irradiation dose of 0. 0( control group),0. 1,0. 3,0. 5,0. 7,1. 0 and 2. 0 Gy,respectively,with the dosing rate of 0. 23-0. 55 Gy / min. Flow-cytometry was used to detect the changes of expression of γH2AX at time points of 0,2,4,8,48 and 72 hours after irradiation. RESULTS: The expression of γH2AX showed interaction existed between radiation dose and the treatment time after radiation( P < 0. 01). Compared with the control at the same time points,the expression of γH2AX increased at the dose of 0. 3-2. 0 Gy and the time points of 2-72hours( P < 0. 05). The expression of γH2AX at the dose of 0. 3-2. 0 Gy and time points of 8-72 hours was lower than those at the same dose and time points of 2 and 4 hours( P < 0. 05). When the dose was at 0. 5,1. 0 or 2. 0 Gy,the expression of γH2AX decreased with the increasing time of exposure in 72 hours( P < 0. 05). At the dose of 0. 0-1. 0 Gy and the time points of 2-4 hours,the expression of γH2AX increased with the increasing dose of irradiation( P < 0. 01). CONCLUSION: The expression of γH2AX in Peng-EBV cells shows a dose-response relationship within 2-4 hours after 0. 0-1. 0 Gy irradiation of~(56)Fe~(17+).

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247090

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The purpose of the present study was to observe the changes in CD4+CD25+Nrp1+Treg cells after irradiation with different doses and explore the possible molecular mechanisms involved.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>ICR mice and mouse lymphoma cell line (EL-4 cells) was used. The expressions of CD4, CD25, Nrp1, calcineurin and PKC-α were detected by flow cytometry. The expressions of TGF-β1, IL-10, PKA and cAMP were estimated with ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At 12 h after irradiation, the expression of Nrp1 increased significantly in 4.0 Gy group, compared with sham-irradiation group (P<0.05) in the spleen and thymus, respectively, when ICR mice received whole-body irradiation (WBI). Meanwhile the synthesis of Interleukin 10 (IL-10) and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) increased significantly after high dose irradiation (HDR) (> or = 1.0 Gy). In addition, the expression of cAMP and PKA protein increased, while PKC-α, calcineurin decreased at 12h in thymus cells after 4.0 Gy X-irradiation. While TGF-β1 was clearly inhibited when the PLC-PIP2 signal pathway was stimulated or the cAMP-PKA signal pathway was blocked after 4.0 Gy X-irradiation, this did not limit the up-regulation of CD4+CD25+Nrp1+Treg cells after ionizing radiation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These results indicated that HDR might induce CD4+CD25+Nrp1+Treg cells production and stimulate TGF-β1 secretion by regulating signal molecules in mice.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcineurin , Genetics , Metabolism , Cyclic AMP , Metabolism , Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation , Female , Gene Expression Regulation , Radiation Effects , Immunosuppression Therapy , Interleukin-10 , Genetics , Metabolism , Lymphocyte Subsets , Physiology , Male , Mice , Neuropilin-1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Phosphoinositide Phospholipase C , Genetics , Metabolism , Protein Kinases , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Genetics , Metabolism , Whole-Body Irradiation
8.
IJPR-Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 2013; 12 (2): 271-280
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-142646

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence and the mechanisms of cineole and terpineol on the in-vitro transdermal delivery of huperzine A from microemulsions, and their potential synergistic effect on the permeation enhancement. The transdermal delivery of huperzine A from microemulsions with different concentrations of cineole and terpineol through the rat abdominal skin was determined by Franz-type diffusion cells. The partition coefficient of huperzine A between the full thickness skin and microemulsion was determined. Attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy [ATR-FTIR] was carried out to analyze the effects of cineole and terpineol on the biophysical properties of the stratum corneum [SC] and the mechanisms of permeation enhancement. These results indicated that cineole and terpineol could synergistically increase the transdermal delivery of huperzine A from microemulsions through increasing the partition and diffusion coefficients of huperzine A. ATR-FTIR studies further validated the synergistic effect and revealed that the enhancing mechanisms were due to increasing the disorderliness and fluidity of SC lipid alkyl chains, disrupting the structure of keratin in SC, and extracting SC lipids. In conclusion, cineole and terpineol, acting synergistically to enhance the transdermal delivery of huperzine A from microemulsions, might provide an alternative permeation enhancer combination for the transdermal delivery of huperzine A


Subject(s)
Cyclohexanols , Monoterpenes , Administration, Cutaneous , Skin Absorption , Drug Synergism , Drug Carriers , Pharmaceutical Vehicles
9.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 537-538,541, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-574589

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect and analyze the expression of ER and PR in endometrial benign and malignant tumor,and to study its correlation of ER and PR with the establishment and development of endometrial carcinoma.Methods The expressions of ER and PR were examined by immunohistochemical method in 58 eases of endometrial carcinoma,37 cases of atypism endometrial hyperplasia,25 cases of simple endometrial carcinoma.and 25 eases of normal endometrium.Results The expressions of ER and PR were higher in normal endometrium,atypism endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial carcinoma.They were lower in endometrial carcinoma than in atypism endometrial hyperplasia,both were higher than that in normal endometrium(P<0.05).The rates of expression in ER and PR increased gradually from histological grade Ⅰ,Ⅱto Ⅲ.The expressions of ER and PR in histological grade Ⅰ were significantly different from that in histologic grade Ⅲ(P<0.05).There were no correlation between expressions and ages,which expression rates less than 50 years were higher than those above 50 years.Its expression W88 not related to different clinic grade(P>0.10).Conclusion The expressions of ER and PR increased gradually from normal endometrium,atypism endometrial hyperplasia to endometrial carcinoma.ER and PR expressions were obviously related to histologic degree.It maybe related to establishment and development of endometrial carcinoma.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 214-217, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232103

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the factors of colorectal cancer (CRC) after radical resection to provide data predicting the prognosis of the patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>120 cases of CRC were collected in this study. Medical clinical records and 5-year follow-up data were reviewed. Streptavidin-peroxidase immunohistochemical technique was used to detect the expression of p53, C-erbB-2, nm23-H(1) and Ras on formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded sections of CRC from the 120 patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Results showed that the rates of positive expression of p53, C-erbB-2, Ras and nm23-H(1) were 62.5% (75/120), 25.8% (31/120), 80.0% (96/120) and 60.8% (73/120) respectively in the CRC tissue. All pathological variables and biological markers were analyzed with Cox regression model (alpha = 0.05). Eight distinguished prognostic factors were identified in the univariate analysis as: macroscopic configuration, histology grade, depth of invasion of intestinal, lymph nodes metastasis, Dukes' classification, p53, Ras and nm23-H(1). The results of multivariate analysis (alpha = 0.05) indicated that the independent prognostic factors were Dukes' classification, p53 and nm23-H(1) (P = 0.000), with relative risk of 3.06, 6.02 and 0.40, respectively. A prognostic model: h(t, x) = h(0)(t)exp (-0.9269X(14) + 1.1197X(10) + 1.7948X(11)) was established. Sensitivity, specificity agreement and reliability of the model and Kappa were 79.1%, 83.0%, 80.8% and 0.62, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Dukes' classification, p53 and nm23-H(1)seemed to be independent and important prognostic factors. This prognostic model could be used to evaluate the prognosis of patients with CRC by clinicians.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Genetics , Survival Analysis , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Genetics
11.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 346-349, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283510

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect the loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and adjacent high-grade squamous dysplasia, and to evaluate possible tumor suppressor genes in the development and progression of invasive malignancy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>LOH was detected in normal esophageal mucosa, high grade squamous dysplasia and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma using microdissection and polymerase chain reaction technology. The changes of LOH at seven microsatellite markers and the relationship between LOH rate and clinicopathologic parameters were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In high grade squamous dysplasia, LOH was detected at D13S802 (40%), D13S267 (32%), D13S221 (31%), D9S942 (30%), D17S520 (24%) and D9S171 (33%). However, D17S1798 LOH was not detected. In invasive squamous cell carcinoma, LOH was detected as follows: D13S267 (71%), D13S802 (58%), D17S520 (55%), D13S221 (45%), D9S942 (43%), D9S171 (33%) and D17S1798 (11%). The frequency of LOH in the seven microsatellite markers, the pathologic grade, clinical stage and occurrence of lymph node metastasis did not show any statistically significant correlation (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The progression from normal squamous epithelium to high grade squamous dysplasia and subsequently to invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus was associated with accumulation of genetic errors. Possible tumor suppressor genes related to the development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma may exist near D13S802 (13q12.12). Possible tumor suppressor genes near D13S267 (13q13.1), D17S1798 (17p13.3) and D17S520 (17p13.1) may be related to the progression of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Genetics , Chromosome Mapping , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 13 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 , Esophageal Neoplasms , Genetics , Female , Genes, Retinoblastoma , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Genes, p16 , Genes, p53 , Humans , Loss of Heterozygosity , Male , Microsatellite Repeats , Middle Aged , Precancerous Conditions , Genetics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-674693

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between the density of langerhan cell(Lc) and Tcell (Tc) and the histological classification, biological behavior and prognosis of esophageal carcinoma.Methods The immunohistochemical (ABC) method with S-100 and CD3 staining was used in samples ofprimary esophageal cancer in 249 cases for quantitative analysis. All cases were followed up for more than7 years. We observed the morphology,number and distribution of langerhan cell (Lc) and T cell (Tc) indifferent portionof the tumor mass. Results Lc positive expressed in the nucleus and cytoplasma. To positiveexpressed in cytomembrane. The number of Lc in cancer nest had positive correlation with malignantdegree of tumor, infiltration depth and metastasis of lymph node, and had negative correlation with thesurvival period. On the contrary, the number of To and Lc in peritumor interstitial tissue had negativecorrelation with the survival period. Conclusion The distribution density of Lc and Tc in cancer nest andperitumor interstitial tissue might be used as an immunological parameter for assessment of the prognosis.

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