Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 332
Filter
1.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 197-204, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879740

ABSTRACT

Oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT) refers to the combination of various sperm abnormalities, including a decreased sperm count, reduced motility, and abnormal sperm morphology. Only a few genetic causes have been shown to be associated with OAT. Herein, we identified a novel homozygous frameshift mutation in meiosis-specific nuclear structural 1 (MNS1; NM_018365: c.603_604insG: p.Lys202Glufs*6) by whole-exome sequencing in an OAT proband from a consanguineous Chinese family. Subsequent variant screening identified four additional heterozygous MNS1 variants in 6/219 infertile individuals with oligoasthenospermia, but no MNS1 variants were observed among 223 fertile controls. Immunostaining analysis showed MNS1 to be normally located in the whole-sperm flagella, but was absent in the proband's sperm. Expression analysis by Western blot also confirmed that MNS1 was absent in the proband's sperm. Abnormal flagellum morphology and ultrastructural disturbances in outer doublet microtubules were observed in the proband's sperm. A total of three intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles were carried out for the proband's wife, but they all failed to lead to a successful pregnancy. Overall, this is the first study to report a loss-of-function mutation in MNS1 causing OAT in a Han Chinese patient.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879598

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the (CGG)n repeats of FMR1 gene among patients with unexplained mental retardation.@*METHODS@#For 201 patients with unexplained mental retardation, the (CGG)n repeats of the FMR1 gene were analyzed by PCR and FragilEase@*RESULTS@#For the 201 patients with unexplained mental retardation, 15 were identified with full mutations of the FMR1 gene. The prevalence of fragile X syndrome (FXS) in patients with unexplained mental retardation was determined as 7.5% (15/201). Prenatal diagnosis was provided for 6 pregnant women with pre- or full mutations. Analysis revealed that women with mental retardation and full FMR1 mutations exhibited a skewed XCI pattern with primary expression of the X chromosome carrying the mutant allele.@*CONCLUSION@#FXS has a high incidence among patients with unexplained mental retardation. Analysis of FMR1 gene (CGG)n repeats in patients with unexplained mental retardation can facilitate genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for their families. FMR1 gene (CGG)n repeats screening should be recommended for patients with unexplained mental retardation.


Subject(s)
Female , Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein/genetics , Fragile X Syndrome/genetics , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Mutation , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879582

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the correlation between Fragile X mental retardation gene-1 (FMR1) gene CGG repeats with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR).@*METHODS@#For 214 females diagnosed with DOR, DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples. FMR1 gene CGG repeats were determined by PCR and capillary electrophoresis.@*RESULTS@#Three DOR patients were found to carry FMR1 premutations, and one patient was found to carry gray zone FMR1 repeats. After genetic counseling, one patient and the sister of another patient, both carrying FMR1 permutations, conceived naturally. Prenatal diagnosis showed that both fetuses have carried FMR1 permutations.@*CONCLUSION@#FMR1 gene permutation may be associated with DOR. Determination of FMR1 gene CGG repeats in DOR patients can provide a basis for genetic counseling and guidance for reproduction.


Subject(s)
Female , Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein/metabolism , Fragile X Syndrome/genetics , Humans , Ovarian Diseases , Ovarian Reserve/genetics , Primary Ovarian Insufficiency/genetics , Trinucleotide Repeats/genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908805

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of glypican1 (GPC1) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and its relationship with the prognosis of patients with PDAC.Methods:From January 2015 to December 2018, 125 PDAC tumor specimens and corresponding para-carcinoma normal pancreatic tissue were collected from the Department of Pathology of Peking University Third Hospital. The expression of GPC1 protein was detected by the immunohistochemical Envision two-step method in all specimens. The specimens were divided into high and low GPC1 expression groups according to immunohistochemical scores, and the correlation between GPC1 protein expression and clinicopathological features and overall survival time was analyzed.Results:The positive expression rate of GPC1 protein was 0 score in 30.4% of PDAC tissues, 1 score in 15.2%, 2 score in 18.4% and 3 score in 36.0%, respectively, and high expression rate (2+ 3) was 54.4%. GPC1 protein was negatively expressed in para-carcinoma pancreatic tissues. The positive expression rate of GPC1 protein in PDAC tissue was significantly higher than that in para-carcinoma pancreatic tissue, and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.000). The high expression of GPC1 protein was significantly correlated with tumor location and T stage ( P<0.05), but not with gender, age, history of diabetes and pancreatitis, preoperative blood CA19-9 level, postoperative surgical margin, tumor differentiation, lymph node metastasis, nerve invasion and vascular invasion (all P values >0.05). Univariate Cox proportional hazards analysis showed that GPC1 expression was associated with postoperative overall survival time in PDAC patients ( P<0.001). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis showed that GPC1 protein expression level was an independent prognostic factor affecting overall survival time in PDAC patients ( P<0.001). The median survival time of PDAC patients with high GPC1 expression was significantly lower than that of PDAC patients with low GPC1 expression (11.00 months vs 18.00 months), and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). Conclusions:GPC1 protein was abnormally high expressed in PDAC tumor tissue, and the high expression of GPC1 protein was positively correlated with tumor stage and negatively correlated with the overall survival time of patients. High expression of GPC1 was an independent risk factor for poor prognosis in PDAC patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908516

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical features and prognosis of infantile hepatic hemangioendothelioma-arteriovenous fistula (IHHE-AVF) complicated with heart failure in neonates.Method:From May 2016 to June 2020, neonates with IHHE-AVF complicated with heart failure admitted were retrospectively studied. The clinical presentation, treatment and outcomes were analyzed.Result:A total of 11 cases of IHHE-AVF complicated with heart failure were enrolled (male 5, female 6). The onset age of heart failure was 12.0 (0.0, 17.0) d. 6 cases showed IHHE on fetal ultrasound. All patients had significantly enlarged heart on chest X-ray. All patients had decreased left ventricular systolic function and pulmonary hypertension on echocardiography. All patients required respiratory support and 6 of them were intubated. 3 cases received conservative treatment (all dead). 1 case received surgery (dead). 7 cases received interventional therapy at the age of (25.6±18.5) d. 1 case was dead, and the other 6 cases were improved and discharged. All the 6 cases were followed up to 3~18 months. None of them had heart failure again. The IHHE were shrunk or completely disappeared. Coagulation function and platelet count were normal.Conclusion:The fatality rate of neonatal-onset IHHE-AVF complicated with heart failure is extremely high. Interventional therapy may be more effective than conservative therapy and surgery.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905060

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Baihutang on blood glucose, blood lipid metabolism and vascular remodeling in type 2 diabetic rats and its regulation on insulin receptor substrate-1(IRS-1)/ phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase(PI3K)/ protein kinase B(Akt) signal pathway. Method:The 90 rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, Baihutang low, middle and high dose groups and metformin group, with 15 rats in each group. Except for normal group, the other rats were injected intraperitoneally with streptozotocin to establish the model of type 2 diabetes. The rats in the low, middle and high dose groups were given Baihutang formula granules of 5, 10, 20 g·kg-1 respectively according to their body weight. The positive control group was given metformin (100 mg·kg-1) by intragastric administration, while those in the control group and model group were given the same amount of normal saline once a day for 12 weeks. The levels of fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, serum tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-1 β(IL-1β), total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C) were measured after administration. The levels of sterol regulatory element binding protein 1C (SREBP1C), acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACC), fatty acid synthase gene (FASN) and carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1A (CPT1A), acylcoa oxidase 1(ACOX1), recombinant human acylcoa dehydrogenase (ACADM) mRNA in liver of rats were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR), Western blot was used to detect the protein levels of IRS-1, PI3K and Akt in liver of rats. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used for histopathological examination of rat thoracic aortic vessels. The migration ability of vascular smooth muscle cells in rat thoracic aorta was detected by scratch test. Result:Compared with the normal group, the fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, serum TNF-α, IL-6,IL-1β, TC,TG and LDL-C levels, liver lipid synthesis gene mRNA level and vascular smooth muscle cell migration ability of thoracic aorta in model group were significantly higher than those in normal group (P<0.05), while fatty acid oxidation gene mRNA level and IRS-1,PI3K,Akt protein level in liver were significantly decreased in model group (P<0.05). The vascular wall thickness of thoracic aorta increased significantly in rats (P<0.05). Compared with model group, the levels of fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, serum TNF-α,IL-6, IL-1β, TC, TG and LDL-C, the level of lipid synthesis gene mRNA in liver and the migration ability of vascular smooth muscle cells in thoracic aorta of rats in all Baihutang groups were significantly lower than those in model group (P<0.05). The mRNA level of fatty acid oxidation gene and the protein levels of IRS-1, PI3K and Akt in liver were significantly increased(P<0.05), and the histopathology of thoracic aorta was significantly improved and the vascular wall thickness decreased significantly(P<0.05). Conclusion:Baihutang can reduce the levels of blood glucose, blood lipid and serum inflammatory factors in type 2 diabetic rats, regulate the expression of genes related to lipid metabolism in liver, and improve the histopathology and vascular remodeling of thoracic aorta. The mechanism may be related to the regulation of IRS-1/PI3K/Akt signal pathway.

7.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 163-173, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897178

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Nurses’ musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs) are worldwide prevalent and are considered to be a costly occupational injury. This study aims to investigate the relationship between exposure to occupation-related psychosocial factors, physical workload, and upper body musculoskeletal diseases among hospital nurses. @*Methods@#An electronic search was implemented using nine databases with June 2019 as the latest search date. English and Chinese studies were chosen, and data were independently and separately extracted by two investigators. Pooled odds ratio (OR) and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated for each subset, using the fixed or random-effects model, following heterogeneity between studies for research synthesis. The source of heterogeneity was explored through subgroup, sensitivity, and meta-analyses. @*Results@#Eighteen studies were included in the meta-analysis. Most participants were women (51.4%–100.0%), aged between 20 and 60. A correlation was found between high job demand and the prevalence of low back pain (OR = 1.41; 95% CI = 1.23-1.62). Total job strain was related to the risk of low back pain (OR = 1.71; 95% CI = 1.15-2.55), neck pain (OR = 1.67; 95% CI = 1.26-2.20), shoulder pain (OR = 1.62; 95% CI = 1.06-2.48) and back pain (OR = 1.45; 95% CI = 1.10-1.91). Furthermore, the physical workload was significantly associated with the prevalence of low back pain (OR = 1.76; 95% CI = 1.32-2.35), neck pain (OR = 1.17; 95% CI = 1.08-1.27), shoulder pain (OR = 1.59; 95% CI = 1.37-1.85) and back pain (OR = 1.66; 95% CI = 1.45-1.90). @*Conclusion@#There were significant associations between occupational strain, more physical workload and upper body MSDs, but the evidence advocating a growth risk in MSDs due to low levels of social support is quite weak.

8.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 163-173, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889474

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Nurses’ musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs) are worldwide prevalent and are considered to be a costly occupational injury. This study aims to investigate the relationship between exposure to occupation-related psychosocial factors, physical workload, and upper body musculoskeletal diseases among hospital nurses. @*Methods@#An electronic search was implemented using nine databases with June 2019 as the latest search date. English and Chinese studies were chosen, and data were independently and separately extracted by two investigators. Pooled odds ratio (OR) and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated for each subset, using the fixed or random-effects model, following heterogeneity between studies for research synthesis. The source of heterogeneity was explored through subgroup, sensitivity, and meta-analyses. @*Results@#Eighteen studies were included in the meta-analysis. Most participants were women (51.4%–100.0%), aged between 20 and 60. A correlation was found between high job demand and the prevalence of low back pain (OR = 1.41; 95% CI = 1.23-1.62). Total job strain was related to the risk of low back pain (OR = 1.71; 95% CI = 1.15-2.55), neck pain (OR = 1.67; 95% CI = 1.26-2.20), shoulder pain (OR = 1.62; 95% CI = 1.06-2.48) and back pain (OR = 1.45; 95% CI = 1.10-1.91). Furthermore, the physical workload was significantly associated with the prevalence of low back pain (OR = 1.76; 95% CI = 1.32-2.35), neck pain (OR = 1.17; 95% CI = 1.08-1.27), shoulder pain (OR = 1.59; 95% CI = 1.37-1.85) and back pain (OR = 1.66; 95% CI = 1.45-1.90). @*Conclusion@#There were significant associations between occupational strain, more physical workload and upper body MSDs, but the evidence advocating a growth risk in MSDs due to low levels of social support is quite weak.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912812

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of internal control of government procurement at public hospitals.Methods:Literature review and Delphi method were used to construct the internal control evaluation index system of government procurement at public hospitals, and the weight of the index system was determined by analytic hierarchy process. The index system was used to evaluate the internal control of government procurement in Hospital Z.Results:The evaluation index system of government procurement internal control of public hospitals covers all aspects of the whole process of government procurement, including 2 level-1 indexes of government procurement internal control unit level and government procurement internal control business level, 11 level-2 indexes and 27 level-3 indexes. The internal control of government procurement of Hospital Z was evaluated with an evaluation score of 81.37 points, an evaluation result relatively effective.Conclusions:The evaluation index system of government procurement internal control of public hospitals constructed in this study could quantitatively evaluate the effectiveness of each sector of government procurement internal control of public hospitals. It could meet the basic evaluation requirements of internal control of government procurement at public hospitals.

10.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1286-1289, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909698

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the genetic etiology for a premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) patient from a consanguineous Chinese family, and to provide basis for genetic counseling and fertility counseling.Methods:Whole-exome sequencing was performed using DNA extracted from the blood sample of POI patient. Suspected pathogenic mutation was analyzed by bioinformatics methods and verified by Sanger sequencing. The pathogenicity of the variation was assessed according to the ACMG genetic variation classification criteria and guidelines.Results:A homozygous variation, c. 32G>T (p.G11V), of PSMC3IP was identified in the patient. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that the variation was conserved in different animal species, and this variation was classified as possible pathogenic variation according to the ACMG genetic variation classification criteria and guidelines.Conclusions:The homozygous missense variation of PSMC3IP is the cause of the POI patient in this family. We are reporting for the first time the missense variation in PSMC3IP gene caused POI, which enriched the mutation spectrum of PSMC3IP and provided the basis for genetic counseling and fertility guidance of this family.

11.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 64-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862777

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the understanding of Danon disease and the efficacy of heart transplantation by multi-disciplinary team (MDT) pattern. Methods Prior to heart transplantation, MDT consultation was performed on one case of Danon disease, an extremely rare X-chromosome dominant genetic disease. The content of consultation included surgical indication, preoperative preparation and postoperative precaution, as well as the role of MDT in the treatment of Danon disease was summarized. Results Preoperative echocardiography showed that the patient presented withdilated-phase of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy complicated with heart failure, which was considered as Danon disease with end-stage heart failure. After MDT consultation, the patient received the preoperative treatment including anti-heart failure, reduction of pulmonary artery pressure, intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) assistance, liver protection, strengthening nutritional support, etc. The patient underwent orthotopic heart transplantation after a suitable donor was matched. The patient developed muscle weakness in the limbs 5 days after operation, which was gradually mitigated after reducing the dose of glucocorticoid. At postoperative 48 days, the patient was discharged in good condition and continually treated with triple immunosuppressive regimen after discharge. Reexamination at postoperative 6 months revealed that the patient was in good health without any abnormality in electrocardiogram and echocardiography images. Conclusions Danon disease is extremely rare and MDT pattern may enhance the efficacy and safety of treatment by heart transplantation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886503

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the correlation between the gray value of epicardial fat and the prognosis of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) treated by thoracoscopic radiofrequency ablation. Methods    The clinical data of 97 patients, including 75 males and 22 females with an average age of 57.8±9.4 years, who underwent thoracoscopic radiofrequency ablation in Fuwai Hospital from 2017 to 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The left atrial fat volume and average gray scale were calculated by left atrial enhanced CT. According to the average gray scale of left atrial fat tissue, the patients were divided into three groups: a high gray scale group, a medium gray scale group and a low gray scale group. The patients were followed up at 3, 6 and 12 months after operation. The end point of follow-up was the recovery rate of sinus rhythm. Survival analysis was used to analyze the correlation between CT features of epicardial fat enhancement and prognosis. Results    After adjustment of body mass index, body surface area, gender and left atrial end diastolic diameter, regression analysis showed that the fat gray of left atrial enhanced CT was correlated with the type of AF (OR=0.30, 95%CI 0.12-0.79, P=0.014). Cox regression analysis showed that the fat gray value of left atrial CT predicted the recurrence of AF after thoracoscopic radiofrequency ablation (OR=0.92, 95%CI 0.85-0.99). The Kaplan-Meier curve showed significant difference in the long-term recurrence rate of AF among the three groups (P=0.011). The lower left atrial fat enhanced CT gray scale was, the higher long-term recurrence rate of AF was. Conclusion    The gray value of left atrial fat enhanced CT can effectively predict the recurrence of AF after radiofrequency ablation in thoracoscopic surgery.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885346

ABSTRACT

A quality assessment tool for home care is an indicator system used to evaluate the quality of home care service. The unified and standardized quality indicators for home care can not only help to judge the quality of home care service, but more importantly, it can help identify the gaps and problems in the process, so as to improve the quality of home care service. This article summarizes some of the advanced assessment tools that have been internationally applied for the home health care and to discuss the direction for development of the assessment tools in China.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885318

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrospectively analyze the data of patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) during perioperative period of cardiac transplantation and provide objective and reliable evidence for further clinical promotion.Methods:Collect the clinical data of patients undergoing heart transplantation and ECMO support in Fuwai Hospital, analyze the duration of ECMO support, combined use of aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP), and complications during the supporting period. All statistical analyses were processed by SPSS 23.0 software. Independent sample Student's test was employed for normal distribution and Mann-Whitney U test for abormal distribution. χ2 or Fisher exact test was utilized for comparinge the classification data between groups. Results:All ECMO support models were intravenous-arterial ECMO (V-A ECMO). Eight patients successfully bridging heart transplantation through VA-ECMO. Sixty-one patients (89.7%) who had undergone cardiac transplantation were successfully weaned from ECMO while 48 patients (70.5%) survived and discharged. The most common complications during circulation support are bleeding, acute renal insufficiency, and pulmonary infection. Patients with ECMO support in the operating room had a better rate of survival and weaning off(95.6%, 84.4%) than those with ECMO at the bedside of ICU(72.2%, 27.8%).Conclusions:ECMO can provide adequate circulation and respiratory function support for heart transplant patients, and it is an indispensable treatment for patients to go through the perioperative period of heart transplant surgery smoothly. It is advocated to use IABP combined with ECMO in the early stage and at the same time to increase the perfusion of vital organs, improve the prognosis of patients and obtain good outcomes.

15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 223-228, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883862

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the dynamic changes of cellular immune function in peripheral blood of trauma patients and its role in the evaluation of traumatic complications.Methods:A prospective cohort study design was conducted. Patients with blunt trauma admitted to Chongqing Emergency Medical Center from November 2019 to January 2020 were consecutively enrolled. The peripheral blood samples were collected at 1, 3, 5, 7, and 14 days after injury. The expressions of CD64, CD274, and CD279 on the surface of neutrophils, lymphocytes, and monocytes as well as CD3 +, CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocyte subsets were measured by flow cytometry. The trauma patients were divided into different groups according to the injury severity score (ISS) and sepsis within 28 days after injury, respectively. The dynamic changes of cellular immune function in different time points after injury and differences between different groups were compared. Furthermore, the correlation with acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA), and ISS were evaluated by Pearson correlation analysis. Results:A total of 42 patients with trauma were finally enrolled, containing 8 severe trauma patients with ISS greater than 25 scores, 17 patients with ISS between 16 and 25 scores, and 17 patients with ISS less than 16 scores. The sepsis morbidity rates were 14.3% (n = 6) within 28 days after injury. CD64 index and CD4 +T lymphocyte subsets were significantly increased at different time points after trauma (H = 15.464, P = 0.004; F = 2.491, P = 0.035). The CD64 index and positive rates of CD279 in neutrophils, lymphocytes, and monocytes were increased with the severity of injury at day 1 and day 3 after injury, respectively. At the first day after injury, CD64 index were 2.81±1.79, 1.77±0.92, 3.49±1.09; positive rate of CD279 in neutrophils were 1.40% (0.32%, 2.04%), 0.95% (0.44%, 2.70%), 12.73% (3.00%, 25.20%); positive rate of CD279 in lymphocytes were 3.77% (3.04%, 5.15%), 4.71% (4.08%, 6.32%), 8.01% (4.59%, 11.59%); positive rate of CD279 in monocytes were 0.57% (0.24%, 1.09%), 0.85% (0.22%, 1.25%), 6.74% (2.61%, 18.94%) from mild to severe injury groups, respectively. The CD64 index in severe injury group was significantly higher than that in moderate group, and the positive rates of CD279 in neutrophils, lymphocytes and monocytes of severe injury patients were higher than those in other two groups (all P < 0.05). At 3rd day after injury, compared to moderate group, severe injury patients had significantly higher CD64 index and positive rate of CD279 in lymphocytes [4.58±2.41 vs. 2.43±1.68, 7.35% (5.90%, 12.28%) vs. 4.63% (3.26%, 6.06%), both P < 0.05]. Compared with the non-sepsis patients, the sepsis patients had significantly higher CD64 index and positive rate of CD279 in monocytes at day 1 after injury [4.06±1.72 vs. 2.36±1.31, 3.29% (1.14%, 12.84%) vs. 0.67% (0.25%, 1.48%), both P < 0.05], and positive rate of CD279 in lymphocytes significantly higher at 3rd day after injury [8.73% (7.52%, 15.82%) vs. 4.67% (3.82%, 6.21%), P < 0.05]. In addition, correlation analysis showed that positive rate of CD279 in lymphocytes was positively correlated with SOFA and ISS, respectively (r values were 0.533 and 0.394, both P < 0.05), positive rate of CD279 in monocytes was positively correlated with APACHEⅡ, SOFA and ISS scores, respectively (r values were 0.579, 0.452 and 0.490, all P < 0.01), positive rate of CD279 in neutrophils was positively correlated with APACHEⅡ and ISS, respectively (r values were 0.358 and 0.388, both P < 0.05). Conclusions:CD64 index and CD279 expression in neutrophils, lymphocytes, and monocytes are significantly related to the severity and prognosis of trauma. Dynamic monitoring the cellular immune function may be helpful for assessing the prognosis of trauma patients.

16.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 166-170, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882258

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of venetoclax-based therapy on relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM) patients harboring t(11;14).Methods:The data of a relapsed/refractory MM patient harboring t(11;14) treated with venetoclax-based regimen admitted to Shanghai Changzheng Hospital in June 2019 was retrospectively analyzed and the literatures were reviewed.Results:The relapsed/refractory MM patient harboring t(11;14) had progression of disease after 3 lines of therapies, and then was treated with the selective bcl-2 inhibitor venetoclax combined with daratumumab and dexamethasone. As a result, the patient achieved partial remission and better hemogram recovery. The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score of physical status decreased from 3 to 1, and the quality of life was improved significantly.Conclusions:The relapsed/refractory MM patients harboring t(11;14) could benefit from venetoclax-based therapy. In the future, the safety, sensitivity and other performances of venetoclax in the treatment of MM should be further explored.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881241

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the value of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) to monitor and evaluate aortic insufficiency (AI) within one year after the implantation of the left ventricular assist device (LVAD). Methods    We retrospectively collected and analyzed the TTE data of 12 patients who received LVAD implantation from 2018 to 2020 in our hospital. All patients were males, with an average age of 43.3±8.6 years. We analyzed temporal changes in the aortic annulus (AA), aortic sinus (AoS), ascending aorta (AAo), the severity of AI and the opening of aortic valve before operation and 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months after LVAD implantation. Results    All 12 patients survived within 1 year after LVAD implantation. One patient was bridged to heart transplantation 6 months after implantation, and two patients did not receive TTE after 3 and 6 months. Compared to pre-implantation, AoS increased at 1 month after implantation (31.58±5.09 mm vs. 33.83±4.69 mm). The inner diameters of AA, AoS and AAo increased at 3, 6 and 12 months after LVAD implantation compared to pre-implantation (P<0.05), but all were within the normal range except for one patient whose AoS slightly increased before operation. After LVAD pump speed was adjusted, the opening of aortic  valve improved. The severity of AI increased at 6 and 12 months after LVAD implantation compared to pre-implantation, and increased at 12 months compared to 6 months after LVAD implantation (P<0.05). Conclusion    TTE can evaluate aortic regurgitation before and after LVAD implantation and monitor the optimization and adjustment of LVAD pump function, which has a positive impact on the prognosis after LVAD implantation.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876713

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the endemic situation of schistosomiasis in national surveillance sites of Zhejiang Province, so as to provide the scientific evidence for formulating the new schistosomiasis surveillance program and consolidating schistosomiasis elimination achievements. Methods A total of 54 to 55 national surveillance sites and 6 risk monitoring sites were assigned in historical endemic regions of Zhejiang Province from 2015 to 2019, where the Schistosoma japonicum infections in humans, livestock, snails and wild feces were monitored. All data pertaining to the surveillance results were descriptively analyzed. Results There were 34 530 person-time local residents receiving serological screening for S. japonicum infections in national surveillance sites of Zhejiang Province from 2015 to 2019, and the seroprevalance of S. japonicum infections were 0.29% to 0.68%; however, no egg-positives were detected. During the period from 2015 to 2019, there were 62 086 person-time mobile populations receiving serological screening for S. japonicum infections in national surveillance sites of Zhejiang Province, and the seroprevalance of S. japonicum infections were 0.32% to 0.56%; additionally, there were 27 egg-positives identified, including 3 imported cases with schistosomiasis haematobia and one case with acute schistosomiasis japonica, indicating that the adjusted prevalence of Schistosoma infections were 0.01% to 0.07% among mobile populations. A total of 829 livestock were examined for S. japonicum infections, with no positives detected. There were 10.55 hm2 and 2.89 hm2 snail habitats found in national surveillance sites and risk monitoring sites of Zhejiang Province during the 5-year period, respectively; however, no S. japonicum infections were identified in snails. Moreover, a total of 305 wild feces were tested for S. japonicum infections, and no egg-positives were identified. Conclusions The schistosomiasis elimination achievement have been consolidated in Zhejiang Province; however, the risk factors of re-emerging schistosomiasis have not been completely eliminated, such as residual snails and imported schistosomiasis cases. Further surveillance and control activities of snails and the source of S. japonicum infections should be reinforced.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909482

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between social and linguistic parenting behaviors and developing capability of children with autism.Methods:From August 2020 to December 2020, the social and linguistic parenting behaviors of 302 parents of children diagnosed with autism were investigated in the outpatient department of the hospital.Meanwhile, the data of Gesell scale for children, the social life competence scale for infant and junior middle school students, the autism behavior checklist and the Cancy autism behavior scale were collected.SPSS 20.0 software was used for statistical analysis.Independent sample t test and analysis of variance were used to compare the social and linguistic parenting behaviors of different parents.Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the social and linguistic parenting behaviors of parents and children's developmental ability and symptom severity. Results:There were no statistically significant differences in children's social and language development parenting behavior between father and mother ( t=1.033, P=0.303; t=-0.312, P=0.756). There were no statistically significant differences in children's social and linguistic parenting behaviors between fathers of different age groups ( F=1.425, P=0.244; F=1.127, P=0.345). Among mothers of different age groups, the social parenting behaviors of <30 years old and 30-34 years old groups were significantly better than those of 35-39 years old group ( F=3.374, P=0.019; LSD: P=0.010, P=0.006). Among fathers, the social parenting behavior( F=4.346, P=0.008; LSD: P=0.020, P=0.001) and social + linguistic parenting behavior in the graduate group and college group were significantly better than those in the high school/vocational group( F=3.965, P=0.012; LSD: P=0.020, P=0.002). Among mothers, the social parenting behavior ( F=2.812, P=0.040; LSD: P=0.008, P=0.023, P=0.009), linguistic parenting behavior ( F=3.769, P=0.011; LSD: P=0.010, P=0.025, P=0.001), social + linguistic parenting behavior ( F=3.654, P=0.013; LSD: P=0.005, P=0.015, P=0.002) in graduate and above groups were significantly better than those in college group, high school/vocational group, junior high school and below groups.The scores of social parenting behavior(40.72±6.80), linguistic parenting behavior(27.20±5.22), and social + linguistic parenting behavior(67.92±11.10) were significantly correlated with children’s fine motor(61.75±16.41)( r=0.193, P=0.001; r=0.153, P=0.009; r=0.190, P=0.001), cognition(68.28±16.83)( r=0.231, P=0.000; r=0.186, P=0.001; r=0.229, P=0.000), language(53.01±18.55) ( r=0.262, P=0.000; r=0.305, P=0.000; r=0.304, P=0.000) and social self-care(61.44±17.85) ( r=0.264, P=0.000; r=0.238, P=0.000; r=0.274, P=0.000). The scores of linguistic parenting behavior and social + linguistic parenting behavior were correlated with children's social life ability (8.65±0.89) ( r=0.142, P=0.046; r=0.140, P=0.049). There was no significant correlation between social parenting behavior, linguistic parenting behavior, social + linguistic parenting behavior and the scores of ABC scale (50.53±21.39) ( r=-0.089, P=0.336; r=-0.115, P=0.215; r=-0.107, P=0.250) and CABS scale (13.96±4.54) ( r=-0.050, P=0.490; r=-0.059, P=0.411; r=-0.058, P=0.421). Conclusions:The social and linguistic parenting behaviors are related to their age and educational level, and are significantly correlated to developing capability of children with autism, but have nothing to do with the severity of children's symptoms.

20.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 814-818, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866909

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a risk stratification-based model for prediction of acute kidney injury (AKI) combined with hemoperfusion (HP) in the treatment of patients with sepsis.Methods:A prospective, observational, pilot trial was conducted. The patients who met the Sepsis-3 diagnostic criteria admitted to intensive care unit of Lanzhou University Second Hospital from May to December in 2019 were enrolled as the research objects. Through the AKI early warning model established by the research group in the early stage, AKI risk > 30% was defined as AKI high risk. Patients with AKI high risk were enrolled in the observation group, and the remaining patients were enrolled in the control group. All patients were given conventional treatment, including the search and treatment of original infection sites, the use of antibiotics and main organ function support. Patients in the observation group were combined with HP treatment on the basis of conventional treatment, 2.5 hours per day for 3 days. The baseline data of gender, age, infection site, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) score, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and serum creatinine (SCr) were recorded. The inflammatory indexes such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and procalcitonin (PCT) were detected at ICU admission, 24 hours and 72 hours after ICU admission, and the length of ICU stay, ICU mortality and bleeding were recorded.Results:Among the 49 patients with sepsis enrolled in this study, the main diagnosis was pneumonia, and Gram-negative (G -) bacilli were the main pathogenic bacteria [61.2% (30/49)]. Among them, 30 patients with AKI risk > 30% were in the observation group, and the remaining 19 patients were in the control group. There was no significant difference in gender, age, infection site, APACHE Ⅱ score, SOFA score, MAP or other baseline data between the two groups, but the baseline value of SCr in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group (μmol/L: 112.2±34.4 vs. 93.4±13.0, P < 0.05). At ICU admission, there was no significant difference in IL-6, LPS or PCT between the two groups. However, with the extension of ICU time, the inflammatory indexes of the two groups showed a downward trend. At 24 hours after ICU admission, there was no significant difference in IL-6, LPS or PCT between the two groups. At 72 hours after ICU admission, IL-6 in the experimental group decreased significantly as compared with the control group (ng/L: 90.9±38.1 vs. 119.1±41.9, P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference in LPS or PCT between the two groups. The length of ICU stay in the experimental group was significantly shorter than that in the control group (days: 9.77±2.76 vs. 12.47±3.85, P < 0.01), but there was no significant difference in the ICU mortality between the experimental group and control group (20.0% vs. 21.1%, P > 0.05). None of the 49 patients had severe bleeding events. Conclusions:The application of a risk stratification-based model for prediction of AKI combined with HP in septic patients is feasible both in theory and in clinical practice, and shortens the length of ICU stay, but fails to effectively remove inflammatory mediators or reduce sepsis mortality. A large sample, multicenter, randomized controlled study is still needed for further verification.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL