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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888254

ABSTRACT

Cornual heterotopic pregnancy is an extremely rare, life-threatening complication during pregnancy. Here, we report a 33-year-old woman who suffered cornual heterotopic pregnancy after

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 222-226, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780546

ABSTRACT

Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a cholestatic liver disease with unclear etiology and pathogenesis. Ursodeoxycholic acid and obeticholic acid are the therapeutic drugs for PBC approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, both of which have the effect of alleviating intrahepatic cholestasis. However, some patients still have poor biochemical response to them, and it is urgent to explore new therapeutic drugs or methods. Fibrates, immunosuppressants, and traditional Chinese medicine have a certain effect in the treatment of patients with PBC, but further studies are needed to analyze their clinical safety and mechanism of action.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719249

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the distribution of serum calcium and the relationship between serum calcium and serum metabolic parameters in endometrial carcinoma (EC) patients. METHODS: Retrospective assessment of patients diagnosed with endometrial cancer from Peking University People's Hospital from 2004 to 2009. Clinical characteristics as well as pretreatment serum calcium, albumin, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), serum triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and total cholesterol (TC) value were extracted from patient records. Serum calcium was corrected for albumin. Unpaired t test and analysis of covariance were used to compare serum calcium among categorical variables. Simple correlation analyses and partial correlation analyses were used to assess the associations between serum calcium and continuous variables. RESULTS: Two-hundred twenty patients were included in this study. After adjusting for confounders, postmenopausal patients had higher total serum calcium (p=0.002) and albumin-corrected serum calcium (p=0.012) than premenopausal patients, endometrioid endometrial carcinoma (EEC) patients had higher total serum calcium than non-endometrioid endometrial carcinoma (NEEC) patients (p=0.037). Significant positive correlations were found between total serum calcium and FPG (p=0.017), TG (p=0.043), HDL (p=0.042), LDL (p < 0.001), and TC (p < 0.001) after adjusting for multiple variables, and the corrected serum calcium showed no significant correlation with metabolic parameters. CONCLUSION: Total serum calcium might be a more sensitive parameter for metabolic syndrome in endometrioid endometrial cancer patients than lipids.


Subject(s)
Beijing , Blood Glucose , Calcium , Cholesterol , Endometrial Neoplasms , Fasting , Female , Humans , Lipoproteins , Retrospective Studies , Triglycerides
4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1330-1332, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816782

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate neglect among preschool children in two-child families in southwest Shandong Province, and to provide reference is for improving nursing parenting quality of two-child families.@*Methods@#A questionnaire survey was conducted among 2 646 parents of two-child families and 2 074 parents of one-child families from 16 kindergartens in southwest Shandong Province.@*Results@#The total neglect rate of two-child family preschool children in southwest Shandong Province was 27.37%, and the degree score of neglect was(40.15±5.51). The physical neglect rate(10.39%), emotional neglect rate(40.15±5.51), total neglect (38.15±4.88) and emotional neglect (46.12±6.91) of boys were higher than those of girls, and the difference was statistically significant(χ2/t=4.57, 6.65, 4.58, 4.72, P<0.05); No significant frequencies were found in total neglect rate, total neglect, neglect rate and neglect at all levels among all age groups(P>0.05); Among preschool children with siblings aged 7-<13, ≥13, total neglect rate(30.44%, 32.77%), emotional neglect rate(10.20%,12.00%), total neglect degree (44.71±5.98, 45.33±5.20) and emotional neglect degree (45.95±7.12, 48.86±4.97) of preschool children in two-child families have higher than those in onechild families, and the differences were of statistical significance(χ2/t=31.10, 4.55, 27.92, 24.13, 19.83, P<0.05); the total neglect rate(27.37%), emotional neglect rate(23.47%), emotional neglect (43.68±6.83) of twochild families and the total neglect (40.15±5.51) were higher than those of one-child families, and the differences were of statistical significance(χ2/t=4.98, 4.96, 3.76, 8.53, P<0.05). The age of siblings(OR=0.58), the education level of mothers(OR=0.64), and the main executor of family education (OR=1.54) were main factors to influence the child neglect of preschool children in two-child families(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Neglect of preschool children in two-child families is higher than that in one-child families in southwest Shandong, especially among those preschool boys and preschool children whose siblings were of school age.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2117-2122, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663381

ABSTRACT

An ideal animal model of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) plays an important role in the research on physiopathological mechanism and drug research and development.In recent years,great achievements have been made in animal models which can reflect the features of PBC,such as positive serum anti-mitochondrial antibody and immunopathological injury of the bile duct.There are various methods for the preparation of animal models of PBC at present,including chemical or biological exposure and gene knockout.However,these models cannot completely simulate PBC in humans,since they have different serological,immunological,and histopathological features.This suggests the complexity of pathological mechanisms of PBC,including gene specificity and environmental changes and helps us to understand the pathogenesis of events in the early stage of PBC,such as the break of immune tolerance and specific attack of biliary epithelial cells.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355338

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of thioridazine on the proliferation and apoptosis of human colorectal cancer SW480 cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>SW480 cells were treated with different concentrations of thioridazine, and MTT assay was used to evaluate the cell inhibition rate. Hoechst 33342 staining was performed to demonstrate the cell morphology changes. Flow cytometry was used to determine the cell apoptosis and cell cycle changes. RT-qPCR was used to detect PDCD4, c-MYC, BCL2, CCND1, CASPASE3, PARP1, CDK4 and EIF4A mRNA expressions, and Western blotting was employed to assay AKT, p-AKT, and PDCD4 protein expression levels.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MTT results showed that thioridazine inhibits the proliferation of SW480 cells. SW480 cells treated with thioridazine presented with such typical features of apoptosis of karyopyknosis, chromatin condensation and nuclear fragmentation. Flow cytometry showed that thioridazine was a cell cycle-specific drug and caused cell cycle arrest at G(1)/G(0) phase and an increased cell apoptosis rate. Thioridazine treatment of the cells resulted in up-regulated PDCD4 mRNA expression and down-regulated mRNA expressions of CCND1, CDK4, c-MYC, BCL2, CASPASE3, PARP1 and EIF4A, increased PDCD4 protein expression and reduced p-AKT protein expression.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Thioridazine inhibits the proliferation and induces apoptosis of SW480 cells by up-regulating PDCD4 and inhibiting PI3K/Akt pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Metabolism , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms , Pathology , Down-Regulation , Humans , RNA-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Thioridazine , Pharmacology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330214

ABSTRACT

A new sesquiterpenoid, 8α-hydroxy-6β-methoxy-1-oxoeremophila-7 (11), 9 (10) -diene-12, 8-olide (1) and five known compounds, petasin (2), caffeic acid (3), hepta-cosanol (4), β-sitosterol (5) and β-daucosterol (6) have been isolated from the roots of Ligularia intermedia. The compounds were isolated by column chromatography on silica gel and Sephadex LH-20, and identified based on spectral analyses (MS, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR).


Subject(s)
Asteraceae , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Molecular Structure , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453074

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the levels of serum AFP and CEA in healthy physical examination people and their sexual difference.Methods (1 )Healthy physical examination people were divided into the group A(510 males)and group B(477 fe-males);(2)these two groups were subdivided into the group A1 (<40 years old),A2 (40 - <50 years old),A3 (50 - <60 years old),A4(60-<70 years old)and A5 (70 -87 years old),and group B1 (<40 years old),B2(40 -<50 years old),B3 (50 -<60 years old),B4(60-<70 years old)and B5(70-87 years old).The serum AFP and CEA in 987 healthy physical examination peo-ple were measured by the electrochemiluminesence immunoassay,and then the detection results were compared among various groups.Results (1)The detection results of serum AFP and CEA had statistically significant differences between the group A and B (P <0.01);(2)there was no statistical differences among the group A and among the group B.Conclusion The serum AFP and CEA levels in healthy physical examination people in the local area have difference between males and females,which in males are significantly higher than those in females,indicating that the reference range of AFP and CEA should be repectively established ac-cording to different sexes;while the serum AFP and CEA levels have no differences among various age groups in males and fe-males.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330306

ABSTRACT

A new eremophilane derivative, (3aR,4R,5S,7S,7aS)-2-acetyl-7,7a-dihydroxy-3a,4-dimethyl-3a,4,5,6,7,7a-hexahydro-3H-inden-5-yl acetate (1) and three known compounds, 10beta-hydroxy-eremophil-7 (11)-en-12,8alpha-olide(2), beta-sitosterol (3) and beta-daucosterol(4) have been isolated from Ligularia intermedia. The compounds were isolated by column chromatography on silica gel and Sephadex LH-20,and identified on the basis of spectral analyses (MS, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR).


Subject(s)
Asteraceae , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Naphthalenes , Chemistry , Sesquiterpenes
10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1677-1679, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642093

ABSTRACT

To investigate the advantage of using the medical sodium hyaluronate gel undergo goniosynechialysis, and to compare the difference of the viscoelastic agent and perfusion fluid by clinical control study. ●METHODS:Totally 103 cases (103 eyes) patients who had angle- closure glaucoma (ACG) with cataract all in Beijing Tongren Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University, from September 2012 to February 2013. All the patients had primary glaucoma or recurrence ACG with cataract. Their intraocular pressure (lOP) could be controlled in normal value using one or two anti -glaucoma medications. We divided all the patients into two groups by chance. Experimental group had 53 cases (50 eyes), and control group had 50 cases (53 eyes). Two groups all had been performed phacoemulsification combined with goniosynechialysis by the same experiential operator. But experimental group did goniosynechialysis using the medical sodium hyaluronate gel, control group did goniosynechialysis using perfusion fluid. We observed the change of lOP, central anterior chamber depth and anterior chamber structure of two groups in postoperative 1mo. ●RESULTS: SPSS19. 0 statistics software was utilized to analyze the data, This study selected one- side test α =0. 05, adopted paired t - test or two- sample t - test. We obtained that experimental group lOP decreased 12. 42 ± 0. 04mmHg, anterior chamber depth increased 1. 276 ± 0. 201mm; that control group lOP decreased 6. 56 ± 0. 08mmHg, anterior chamber depth increased 0. 852 ± 0. 132mm. And experimental group anterior chamber angle opened more widely than the other group, the comparison had statistical significance (P ●CONCLUSlON: ln phacoemulsification combine with goniosynechialysis,use medical sodium hyaluronate gel do goniosynechialysis can more effectively decrease lOP. This because the medical sodium hyaluronate gel has high glutinousness, it can separate angle of anterior chamber and controlling lOP effectively.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299836

ABSTRACT

Ten compounds were isolated from the aerial part of Solanum rostratum by means of various chromatographic techniques such as silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, ODS and preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified as dioscin (1), hypoglaucin H (2), hyperin (3), isoquercitrin (4), isorhamnetin-3-O-beta-D-galactopyranoside (5), kaempferol-3-O-beta-D-glucoside (6), smilaxchinoside A (7), 26-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-3beta, 20alpha,26-triol-25 (R) -delta5,22-dienofurostan-3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1 --> 2) -[ alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1 --> 4)] -beta-D-glucopyranoside (8), beta-sitosterol (9), and daucosterol (10), on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data analysis. Among them ,compounds 7 and 8 were isolated from the genus Solanum for the first time, and the remaining compounds were obtained from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Molecular Structure , Solanum , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300248

ABSTRACT

Eight compounds from six Chrysanthemum morifolium cv. 'Hangju' were determined and multivariate statistics, including principle component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminate analysis (PLS-DA) were used to investigate the potential damaging effect of sulfr-fumigating process. Meanwhile, S, Mn, Fe, Cu, Pb were also detected by using ICP-MS and ICP-OES. In this study, dramatic chemical changes were found that the contents of flavonoid aglycones remarkably increased while those of glycosides and hydroxycinnamoylquinic acids were significantly reduced. The PCA score plots showed six samples were clearly classified into the non-fumigated and sulfur-fumigated types. And according to VIP > 1, the most important chemical markers were luteolin, apigenin and luteolin-7-O-glucoside which indicated that the extracted three components might have a marked effect on the discrimination among different group samples. And then, it was found that the residue of sulfur of SHJ were significantly higher than NHJ (P < 0.05). The established approach was applied to rapidly discriminate sulfur-fumigated HJ with combining the quantitative chemical analysis and multivariate statistical analysis, and then the result will provide some evidence to evaluat the quality of HJ and control its processing.


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Chrysanthemum , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Flowers , Chemistry , Fumigation , Methods , Sulfur , Chemistry
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314859

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the efficacy and experience of gracilis muscle transposition for complex rectovaginal fistula (RVF) and rectourethral fistula (RUF).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Nineteen patients underwent gracilis muscle transposition for complex RVF and RUF from May 2009 to November 2011 in the Beijing Shijitan Hospital and the clinical data were prospectively collected. The success rate and complications were recorded. SF-36 quality of life score, Wexner fecal incontinence score, and female sexual function score before surgery and 6 months after surgery were recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In 19 patients, there were 8 males (RUF) and 11 females (RUF). The times of failed attempt repair preoperatively ranged from 0-3 (mean, 1.0). The diameter of the fistula ranged from 0.5-3.0 cm (mean, 1.6), and all fistulas located above the sphincter. The operative time ranged from 145-400 minutes (median, 240). The postoperative hospital stay ranged from 10-39 days (median 21). Early postoperative complications included thigh pain and numbness in 2 cases, leg numbness in 2 cases. No long-term complications were noticed. The follow-up period ranged from 6-35 months (median, 18). The gracilis muscle transposition had a healing rate of 94.7% (18/19). As compared with the preoperative level, Wexner score decreased from 10.0±8.8 to 2.9±5.8, and the continence function improved significantly (P=0.002). Sexual function score of 11 female patients increased from 1.0±1.8 to 4.0±4.0, and the sexual function had a significant improvement after surgery (P=0.022). SF-36 quality of life scores improved significantly (P<0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Gracilis muscle transposition for complex rectovaginal fistula and rectourethral fistula has high success rate with mild and rare complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Muscle, Skeletal , General Surgery , Prospective Studies , Rectal Fistula , General Surgery , Rectovaginal Fistula , General Surgery , Surgical Flaps , Thigh , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome , Urethra , General Surgery , Urinary Fistula , General Surgery , Young Adult
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636193

ABSTRACT

Background Lasein situ keratomileusi(LASIK) imainstream surgery forefractive correction,and femtosecond laseimuch often used to create thin corneal flap.The measuremenof OPTOVUE RTVue-100 OCto flap and stromal bed thicknesseofferuseful basifoLASIK.Ican be used in measuring the thicknesand shape of the corneal flap.Buthe study on the comparison of flap thicknesbetween WavelighFS200 femtosecond laseand MoriM2 microkeratome 90 μm-knife (Mori90 microkeratome) LASIK by OCilack.Objective The aim of thitrial wato compare the featureof corneal flapcreated by the WavelighFS200 femtosecond laseand Mori90 microkeratome.Methodpiloand prospective study wadesigned.Written informed consenwaobtained from each patienprioto LASIK.Sixty righeyeof 60 patientwith myopiomyopiastigmatism were enrolled in thiclinical trial.The patientwere randomized into the FS200 femtosecond lasegroup and Mori90 microkeratome group with matching demography.RTVue OCwaused to measure flap thicknesusing 10 settingon the 60 eye1 month afteoperation.The featureof the LASIK flapwere analyzed based on the measuring outcomes.ResultThe central flap thickneswa(112±3) μm and the mean flap thickneswa(112 ±3) μm in the FS200 femtosecond lasegroup,which wasignificanlowethan the central flap thicknesa(121±7) μm and the mean flap thicknesa(128±11) μm in the Mori90 microkeratome group respectively (P=0.031,0.030).Corneal flapin the FS200 femtosecond lasegroup showed flashape and thain the Mori90 microkeratome group wameniscushape.The central flap thickneswanoevidently differenfrom thaof peripheral thicknesin the FS200 femtosecond lasegroup (P =0.320).However,in the Mori90 microkeratome group,the central flap thickneswaobviously thinnethan thain the peripheral thicknes(P=0.038).The mean deviation between the actual and predicted flap thicknes(110 μm) wa(3±4)μm in the FS200 femtosecond lasegroup and (17±10) μm in the Mori90 microkeratome group,showing significandifference between them (P =0.009).ConclusionRTVue OCdeterminethathe shape of flapcreated by the FS200 femtosecond laseimore uniform and closeto the expected thicknesof 110 μm than the onecreated by the Mori90 microkeratome.OPTOVUE RTVue-100 OCiuseful tool to evaluate the flap shape and thicknesafteLASIK.

15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 419-424, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307371

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the changes of drug sensitivity of spindle poison-induced polyploid tumor cells to chemotherapeutic agents and its possible mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Nocodazole in a dose of 100 ng/ml was used to induce polyploidization in a breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 cells. The polyploid cells (T-MDA-MB-231) were sorted by flow cytometry. The morphological changes and proliferation of T-MDA-MB-231 cells were compared with that of MDA-MB-231 cells. The cell growth inhibition was assessed by MTT assay. The cells were treated with paclitaxel, docetaxel, vincristine, epirubicin, 5-Fu, VP16 and oxaliplatin, respectively. Those cells were labeled with annexin V-FITC/PI and analyzed by flow cytometry. Bcl-2 was knocked down in T-MDA-MB-231 cells using SiRNA and their growth inhibition was evaluated by MTT assay to evaluate the reversing effect of Bcl-2-silencing on drug resistance.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The polyploid T-MDA-MB-231 cells grew in vitro continuously and maintained constant DNA content. They had a larger cell size, and grew more slowly than MDA-MB-231 cells. The IC(50(s)) of T-MDA-MB-231 cells were significantly higher than that of the MDA-MB-231 cells: paclitaxel: (6.37 ± 0.07) vs. (2.05 ± 0.83) µmol/L; docetaxel: (32.98 ± 1.48) vs. (11.95 ± 0.98) µmol/L; vincristine: (35.28 ± 1.66) vs. (14.58 ± 0.94) µmol/L; oxaliplatin: (19.07 ± 0.45) vs. (9.75 ± 1.05) µmol/L; 5-Fu: (85.49 ± 3.21) vs. (31.35 ± 1.51) µmol/L; and epirubicin: (0.53 ± 0.06) vs. (0.15 ± 0.01) µmol/L, (all P < 0.05). The IC(50(s)) of VP16 in T-MDA-MB-231 cells was (2.85 ± 0.50)µmol/L, significantly lower than the (12.20 ± 1.55) µmol/L in MDA-MB-231 cells (P < 0.05), and that of T-MDA-MB-231 cells after Bcl-2-knocked down by siRNA was (19.59 ± 0.48) µmol/L, significantly higher than the (12.20 ± 1.55) µmol/L in the MDA-MB-231 cells (P < 0.05). The IC(50(s)) of docetaxel of T-MDA-MB-231 cells after Bcl-2-knocked down by siRNA was (21.52 ± 0.68) µmol/L, significantly decreased and lower than that before Bcl-2 silencing (32.98 ± 1.48) µmol/L.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our results indicate that polyploid tumor cells induced by spindle poison Nocodazole are more resistant to most of chemotherapeutic drugs. Downregulation of Bcl-2 increases the sensitivity of polyploid cells to docetaxel. The high expression of Bcl-2 may be one of the drug resistance mechanisms of polyploid tumor cells. The polyploid tumor cells are relatively sensitive to VP16, suggesting that VP16 might be an effective candidate drug for treatment of chemoresistant polyploid tumors.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Breast Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Down-Regulation , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Epirubicin , Pharmacology , Etoposide , Pharmacology , Female , Fluorouracil , Pharmacology , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Humans , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Nocodazole , Pharmacology , Organoplatinum Compounds , Pharmacology , Paclitaxel , Pharmacology , Polyploidy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Taxoids , Pharmacology , Vincristine , Pharmacology
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313850

ABSTRACT

Weightlessness environment can lead to the muscle atrophy and body fluid distribution upward,which can cause the bone calcium metabolism disorder and always accompanied by the loss of bone microstructure and increased rate of bone fracture. Under microgravity,the astronauts are much easier to decrease the Ca2+ ion in bone, which can cause serious osteoporosis. However the bone lost is not equilibrium, it is especially serious in the mechanism loading bone and the recovery process is more difficult. These are very different from the osteoporosis in older people and postmenopausal osteoporosis. It is necessary to find an optimal method to due with it. In traditional Chinese medicine theory,the kidney stores "Jing" and dominates the bone, thus a lot of bone related diseases can be treated through the kidney. A lot of clinical practices have also proved that the Chinese herbs used under the guidance of basic Chinese medicine theory are always good at the treatment of common osteoporosis. In simulated weightlessness experiment, people found that the kidney nourishment drugs do can prevent the decrease of BMD. So in this article we want to review the causes of weightlessness and the potentials applications of tradition Chinese medicine in the treatment of weightlessness osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mechanical Phenomena , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Osteoporosis , Therapeutics , Weightlessness
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2858-2861, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244336

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Copernicus optical coherence tomography (SOCT) is a new, ultra high-speed and high-resolution instrument available for clinical evaluation of optic nerve. The purpose of the study was to compare the agreements between SOCT and Heidelberg retinal tomography (HRT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 44 healthy normal volunteers were recruited in this study. One eye in each subject was selected randomly. Agreement between SOCT and HRT-3 in measuring optic disc area was assessed using Bland-Altman plots. Relationships between measurements of optic nerve head parameter obtained by SOCT and HRT-3 were assessed by Pearson correlation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no significant difference in the average cup area (0.306 vs. 0.355 mm, P = 0.766), cup volume (0.158 vs. 0.130 mm, P = 0.106) and cup/disc ration (0.394 vs. 0.349 mm, P = 0.576) measured by the two instruments. However, other optic disc parameters from SOCT were significantly lower compared with HRT-3. The Bland-Altman plot revealed good agreement of cup area and cup volume measured by SOCT and HRT-3. Bad agreement of disc area, rim area, rim volume and cup/disc ratio were found between SOCT and HRT-3. The highest correlations between the two instruments were observed for cup area (r(2) = 0.783, P = 0.000) and cup/disc ratio (r(2) = 0.669, P = 0.000), whereas the lowest correlation was observed for disc area (r(2) = 0.100, P = 0.037), rim area (r(2) = 0.275, P = 0.000), cup volume (r(2) = 0.005, P = 0.391) and rim volume (r(2) = 0.021, P = 0.346).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>There were poor agreements between SOCT and HRT-3 for measurement of optic nerve parameters except cup area and cup volume. Measurement results of the two instruments are not interchangeable.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Optic Disk , Pathology , Retina , Pathology , Tomography , Methods , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Methods , Young Adult
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415675

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the potential value of IgG antibodies against recombinant PPE65 protein (rPPE65) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in serodiagnosis of tuberculosis.Methods The gene encoding PPE65 protein of M.tuberculosis was cloned into the PET-28a vector and then expressed in Escherichia coli.The rPPE65 was purified with Ni-NTA affinity and ion exchange chromatography.After dialysis renaturation, the concentration of rPPE65 was determined using Lowry assay.ELISA was used to detect the levels of specific IgG against rPPE65 and recombinant PstS1 protein (rPstS1) in sera from 144 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB patients), 144 health controls, and 56 patients with non-tuberculosis pulmonary diseases.ROC curves were used to determine cut-off values with the results of IgG antibodies against rPPE65 and rPstS1 for 144 PTB patients and 97 controls with negative PPD skin test.The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy of rPPE65 and the combination of rPPE65 and rPstS1 were counted.Results The PPE65 protein of M.tuberculosis was successfully expressed in E.coli. The purity and concentration of rPPE65 were 95% and 0.5 mg/ml, respectively.ROC analysis showed that the cut-off of ELISA using rPPE65 was 0.64.The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy of rPPE65 were 34.7%(50/144), 93.5%(187/200), 79.4%(50/63), 66.5%(187/287), and 68.9%(237/344), respectively.The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy of the combination of rPPE65 and rPstS1 were 59.0%, 91.0%, 82.5%, 75.5%, 77.6%, respectively.Conclusions The rPPE65 of M.tuberculosis appears to be a candidate antigen for serodiagnosis of tuberculosis.Detection of IgG antibodies against the combination of rPPE65 and rPstS1 can increase the sensitivity of serological test for tuberculosis.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382768

ABSTRACT

Widely accepted in other countries,DRG payment is also referred to in China now and then.The authors reviewed the status quo of medical payment in China,as well as the practices and studies of DRG payment overseas.Based on such studies,the paper probed into the feasibility of DRG application in China,in terms of policy environment,application demand,research basis and technical conditions.Proposed in the paper are ranges of application,possible roadblocks and countermeasures for the application in China,aiming to promote the research,application and use of the method in China.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276415

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the potential value of knowing the relationship between congenital auricular deformities and middle ear malformations.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 86 patients with congenital auricular deformities and middle ear malformations, including 51 males and 35 females, were admitted from January 2008 to December 2009 to the Eye Ear Nose and Throat Hospital of Fudan University. Fifty-eight patients had unilateral deformities (R:L = 34:24), while 28 were bilateral. One hundred and fourteen ears with congenital auricular deformities were included. High-resolution CT (HRCT) data was obtained from each patient. The auricular deformities were classified into three grades using the Marx H classification system. The modified Jahrsdoerfer grading system was used to score the malformations using HRCT data. The correlation between the grades of auricular deformities and scores of middle ear malformations was analyzed using Spearman rank correlation analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The Marx H grades of congenital auricular deformities were 12 patients with grade I, 25 patients with grade II and 77 patients with grade III, while their corresponding Jahrsdoerfer scores were 7.8 ± 2.4, 6.8 ± 2.6 and 6.0 ± 2.8, respectively. The statistical analysis suggested a trend of negative correlation between the Marx H grades of auricular deformities and the Jahrsdoerfer scores of middle ear malformations (r = -0.2386, P = 0.0106).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There was a trend to a negative correlation between congenital auricular deformities and middle ear malformations.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Ear Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging , Ear, External , Congenital Abnormalities , Ear, Middle , Congenital Abnormalities , Female , Humans , Male , Radiography , Young Adult
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