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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906100

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with the change in life style, social environment, and national childbearing policy, the proportion of high-risk pregnant women has increased significantly, triggering the spectrum of obstetric diseases to constantly change, which has brought new challenges to the diagnosis and treatment of obstetrics. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been proved effective in dealing with a variety of obstetric diseases, and various treatment methods are available, which can serve as alternative means for solving refractory obstetric diseases. However, most obstetric clinicians are currently less aware of the therapeutic effects of TCM, which has significantly hindered its participation in clinical treatment. Therefore, the China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM) organized the outstanding young obstetricians of TCM and western medicine to discuss 15 obstetric diseases responding specifically to TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine, including hyperemesis gravidarum, threatened abortion, ectopic gestation, cough during pregnancy, pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome, maternal-fetal ABO incompatibility, postpartum hypogalactia, residual pregnancy tissue in uterine cavity, puerperal infection, pantalgia after childbirth, hematoma/undesirable healing after caesarean section, postpartum urinary retention, ileus after cesarean section, pelvic floor dysfunction, and postnatal depression. The suggestions for their treatment with TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine were also proposed, aiming to provide patients with effective and personalized treatments in clinical practice and improve the diagnosis and treatment effects of obstetric diseases, thus benefiting the public. At the same time, more obstetrical clinicians are expected to understand the therapeutic effects and advantages of TCM and draw on the strengths of both TCM and western, thereby promoting the establishment of an obstetric diagnosis and treatment system with Chinese characteristics.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879179

ABSTRACT

By establishing the preparation process of Scrophulariaceae Radix reference extract(SRRE) and calibrating it, we discussed its feasibility as a substitute for single reference substance in the quality control of Scrophulariae Radix. The SRREs were prepared by solvent extraction method and chromatographic separation technology, and then calibrated with the reference substances of harpagide, angoroside C and harpagoside. The HPLC content determination method of Scrophulariae Radixl was established with SRREs of the known content and the reference substances of harpagide, angoroside C and harpagoside respectively as the control ones. Then the content of three components in Scrophulariae Radix was determined, and the t-test method was used to compare the results of the two methods. With SRRE as references, harpagide, angoroside C and harpagoside were in a good linear relationship(r≥0.999 8) within each range, and the average recovery rate was 98.55% to 100.6%. The t-test results showed that the P values of two determination methods were 0.493, 0.155 and 0.171 for harpagide, angoroside C and harpagoside respectively, indicating no significant diffe-rence between the two methods of content determination. The SRRE can be used as a substitute for the reference in the quality control of Scrophulariaceae Radix. The SRRE can replace the corresponding reference substance for the quality control of Scrophulariae Radix. The results of this study provide new methods and new ideas for the quality evaluation of Scrophulariae Radix, and provide a scientific basis for the application of reference extracts in the quality research of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control , Scrophularia , Scrophulariaceae
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(6): e8885, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132519

ABSTRACT

In this study, we aimed to analyze the anti-cancer effects of β-elemene combined with paclitaxel for ovarian cancer. RT-qPCR, MTT assay, western blot, flow cytometry, and immunohistochemistry were used to analyze in vitro and in vivo anti-cancer effects of combined treatment of β-elemene and paclitaxel. The in vitro results showed that β-elemene+paclitaxel treatment markedly inhibited ovarian cancer cell growth, migration, and invasion compared to either paclitaxel or β-elemene treatment alone. Results demonstrated that β-elemene+paclitaxel induced apoptosis of SKOV3 cells, down-regulated anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl gene expression and up-regulated pro-apoptotic P53 and Apaf1 gene expression in SKOV3 cells. Administration of β-elemene+paclitaxel arrested SKOV3 cell cycle at S phase and down-regulated CDK1, cyclin-B1, and P27 gene expression and apoptotic-related resistant gene expression of MDR1, LRP, and TS in SKOV3 cells. In vivo experiments showed that treatment with β-elemene+paclitaxel significantly inhibited ovarian tumor growth and prolonged the overall survival of SKOV3-bearing mice. In addition, the treatment inhibited phosphorylated STAT3 and NF-κB expression in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, it inhibited migration and invasion through down-regulation of the STAT-NF-κB signaling pathway in SKOV3 cells. In conclusion, the data suggested that β-elemene+paclitaxel can inhibit ovarian cancer growth via down-regulation of the STAT3-NF-κB signaling pathway, which may be a potential therapeutic strategy for ovarian cancer therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rabbits , Ovarian Neoplasms/drug therapy , Sesquiterpenes/administration & dosage , Cell Movement/drug effects , NF-kappa B/adverse effects , Paclitaxel/administration & dosage , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Transfection , Signal Transduction , Blotting, Western , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mice, Inbred BALB C
4.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 5-8, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799215

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical effect of cervical conization under cervical endoscopy in high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN).@*Methods@#From June 2017 to June 2019, 100 patients with grade II and III CIN admitted to Harbin First Hospital were divided into control group and observation group with 50 cases in each group by random number table method.The control group was treated with traditional cervical cold knife conization, while the observation group was treated with cervical conization under endoscopy.To compare the therapeutic effects of two surgical methods.@*Results@#The incidence of positive margin were significantly lower than that in the control group(8%(4/50) and 18%(9/50)), and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=4.98, P<0.05). The postoperative follow up was proceed one year.The incidence of cure were significantly higher than that in the control group(96%(48/50)vs.84%(40/50)), and the residual rate and recurrence rate were lower than that of the control group(6%(3/50) and 14%(7/50), 2%(1/50)and 8%(4/50)), the difference was statistically significant (χ2=10.56, 3.98, 13.96, all P<0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [6% (3/50) and 18% (9/50)], the difference was statistically significant (χ2=11.25, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in bleeding volume, operation time and wound healing time between the two groups (t value was 1.46, 1.26 and 0.98 respectively, all P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#The cervical conization through cervical canal endoscope can accurately locate the focus of high-grade CIN, with higher rate of lesion clearance, lower rate of lesion recurrence and complications.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878772

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to investigate the active components and mechanism of Taohong Siwu Decoction in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea(PD) based on network pharmacology and molecular docking technology. Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) was used to search the chemical compositions and targets of six herbs in Taohong Siwu Decoction. The targets for PD treatment were selected through the databases of DrugBank, OMIM, TTD and CTD, and gene annotation of the targets was conducted with UniProt database. Cytoscape 3.7.2 was then used to construct the drug-compound-target network. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed based on STRING, and the core targets of Taohong Siwu Decoction in the treatment of PD were selected according to the topological parameters. David database was used for GO enrichment analysis and KOBAS 3.0 was used for KEGG enrichment analysis. The molecular docking technology was used to connect the components with higher medium values in the network with core targets. The results showed that the network contained 36 compounds such as quercetin, kaempferol, luteolin, myricanone and ferulic acid, and 99 targets such as PTGS2, PTGS2, PGR and PPARG. Totally 102 GO terms were obtained by GO functional enrichment analysis(P<0.01), and 228 signal pathways were obtained by KEGG pathway enrichment(P<0.05), mainly involving inflammatory factors, hormone regulation, central analgesia, amino acid metabolism and spasmolysis. The results of molecular docking showed that the main active components can spontaneously bind to the targets. This study preliminarily revealed the mechanism of Taohong Siwu Decoction for treatment of primary dysmenorrheal through multi-components, multi-targets and multi-pathways, providing theoretical references for further researches on mechanism of Taohong Siwu Decoction.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Dysmenorrhea/drug therapy , Female , Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , Technology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873506

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To understand pathogenic distribution and epidemiological characteristics of diarrhea syndrome in Gansu Province. Methods Fecal specimens from diarrhea syndrome surveillance cases at sentinel hospitals in Gansu Province from 2009 to 2018 were collected,and virus nucleic acids were detected by real-time fluorescent chain reaction,and bacteria were detected by isolation culture. Results 1 547 positive cases were detected from 4 406 stool specimens with the positive rate of 35. 11%. Among the positive samples,1 281 cases were positive for virus with the positive rate of 47. 20%; 287 ca- ses were positive for bacteria with the positive rate of 8. 57%. Top five of pathogenic spectrum were rota- virus ( 46. 04%) ,astrovirus ( 13. 37%) ,norovirus ( 13. 15%) ,Shigella ( 9. 90%) and adenovirus ( 7. 81%) . In different age groups,statistically significant differences were found in the positive rates of rotavirus,norovirus,astrovirus,Shigella and non typhoid Salmonella ( all P<0. 05) . The positive rate of virus was higher from November to March of next year,and the positive rate of bacteria was higher from June to August. The epidemic seasons of pathogens were different,of which rotavirus was dominating in four seasons. Conclusions The pathogenic spectrum of diarrhea is wide relatively in Gansu Province, and viral diarrhea is more common,with obvious seasonal peak. Continuous monitoring should be strengthened to grasp characteristics and epidemic trends of pathogens,and it is helpful to take targeted and seasonal preventive measures in population at high risk.

7.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 858-865, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880208

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Anlotinib is a newly developed small molecule multiple receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitor that was approved for the treatment of patients with lung cancer in China. We aim to report 3 cases of rare complication of anlotinib-bronchial fistula (BF) during the treatment of lung cancer patients and summarize the possible causes.@*METHODS@#We collected three patients who developed BF due to anlotinib treatment, and conducted a search of Medline and PubMed for medical literature published between 2018 and 2020 using the following search terms: "anlotinib," "lung cancer," and "fistula."@*RESULTS@#Our literature search produced two case reports (three patients) which, in addition to our three patients. We collated the patients' clinical characteristics including demographic information, cancer type, imaging features, treatment received, risk factors for anlotinib related BF, and treatment-related outcomes. The six patients shared some common characteristics: advanced age, male, concurrent infection symptoms, diabetes mellitus (DM), advanced squamous cell and small cell lung cancers, centrally located tumors, tumor measuring ≥5 cm in longest diameter, and newly formed tumor cavitation after multi-line treatment especially after receiving radiotherapy. Fistula types included broncho-pericardial fistula, broncho-pleural fistula, and esophago-tracheobronchial fistula. Six patients all died within 6 months.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although anlotinib is relatively safe, it is still necessary to pay attention to the occurrence of BF, a rare treatment side effect that threatens the quality of life and overall survival of patients. Anlotinib, therefore, requires selective use and close observation of high-risk patients.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828063

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to study the prescription compatibility connotation in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea(PD) and verify the mechanism as predicted by network pharmacology of Siwu Decoction(SWD). Mice PD model was constructed by using estradiol benzoate-oxytocin. PD mice were randomly divided into 8 groups, namely normal group, model group, positive group, complete formula group, Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata-free group, Paeoniae Radix Alba-free group, volatile oil-free group, Chuan-xiong Rhizoma and Angelicae Sinensis Radix-free group. Latent time, writhing times, inhibition rate, prostaglandin F_2_α(PGF_2_α) and prostaglandin E_2(PGE_2) levels in serum, endothelin-1, Ca~(2+), expression levels of prostaglandin synthase 2 G/H(PTGS2), estrogen receptor(ESR1), glucocorticoid receptor gene(NR3 C1) mRNA and protein expression levels in the uterus homogenate and pathological changes of uterine tissue were index to explore the prescription compatibility connotation and verify the mechanism of SWD in the treatment of PD. Compared with the extraction liquid of the whole recipe, the effect of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata-free group and Paeoniae Radix Alba-free group with volatile oil were slightly lower, the effect of essential oil-free group was significantly lower, and the effect of Chuanxiong Rhizoma and Angelicae Sinensis Radix-free group was worse than that of the whole recipe. The relative expression levels of PTGS2 protein and mRNA were significantly reduced by the SWD. The relative expressions of protein and mRNA of ESR1, NR3 C1 were significantly increased. SWD treats PD by regulating the expression of key proteins PTGS2, ESR1 and NR3 C1.Its main medicinal herbs were Angelicae Sinensis Radix and Chuanxiong Rhizoma. Active components were mainly in volatile oil, but Paeo-niae Radix Alba and Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata also had some contributions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Dysmenorrhea , Female , Humans , Mice , Paeonia , Plant Roots , Rhizome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826681

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on skeletal muscle and blood glucose in rats with diabetic amyotrophy.@*METHODS@#Among 40 SD rats, 10 rats were randomly selected into the control group and received no treatment. The remaining 30 rats were treated with intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 60 mg/kg) to establish diabetes mellitus (DM) model, and then the rats were treated with vascular ligation at right posterior limb to establish amyotrophy model. The rats with diabetic amyotrophy were randomly divided into a model group and an EA group, 10 rats in each group (10 rats were excluded due to unsuccessful model establishment and death). The rats in the EA group was treated with EA at right-side "Yishu (EX-B 3)" "Shenshu (BL 23)" "Zusanli (ST 36)" and "Sanyinjiao (SP 6)", disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/ 15 Hz, 20 minutes each time, once a day for 3 weeks. Before and after EA treatment, the blood sample was collected from inner canthus and the "glucose oxidase-peroxidase" method was used to detect fasting blood glucose level; ELISA method was used to detect insulin content. At the end of the treatment, HE staining method was used to observe the morphology of ischemic skeletal muscle in the right hindlimb; the real-time PCR method was used to detect the mRNA expression of muscle atrophy F-box (MAFbx), muscle ring finger-1 (MuRF1) and forkhead box O3a (FOXO3a) in the ischemic skeletal muscle tissue of right hindlimb.@*RESULTS@#Before the treatment, the body mass in the model group and EA group was lower than that in the control group (<0.01); after the treatment, the body mass in the control group was increased, while the body mass in the model group and EA group was decreased (<0.01). Compared with the control group, the fasting blood glucose was significantly increased and insulin content was significantly decreased in the model group (<0.01); compared with the model group, the fasting blood glucose was significantly decreased and the insulin content was significantly increased in the EA group after treatment (<0.01). The muscle fibers of the model group were obviously broken, the number of the nuclei decreased, and the nuclei shrinked or even dissolved; the morphology of the muscle tissue of the EA group after intervention was improved compared with the model group. Compared with the control group, the cross-sectional area of ischemic skeletal muscle cells in the right hindlimb in the model group was decreased (<0.01); compared with the model group, the cross-sectional area of ischemic skeletal muscle cells in the right hindlimb was increased in EA group (<0.05). Compared with the control group, the levels of MAFbx, MuRF1 and FOXO3a mRNA in the right hindlimb ischemic skeletal muscle in the model group were increased significantly (<0.01, <0.05); compared with the model group, the levels of MAFbx, MuRF1 and FOXO3a mRNA in the EA group were decreased significantly (<0.05, <0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#EA may play a role in the treatment of diabetic amyotrophy by inducing FOXO3a to reduce the transcription of MAFbx and MuRF1.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Therapeutics , Diabetic Neuropathies , Therapeutics , Electroacupuncture , Muscle, Skeletal , Physiology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
10.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 5-8, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867484

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of cervical conization under cervical endoscopy in high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN).Methods:From June 2017 to June 2019, 100 patients with grade II and III CIN admitted to Harbin First Hospital were divided into control group and observation group with 50 cases in each group by random number table method.The control group was treated with traditional cervical cold knife conization, while the observation group was treated with cervical conization under endoscopy.To compare the therapeutic effects of two surgical methods.Results:The incidence of positive margin were significantly lower than that in the control group(8%(4/50) and 18%(9/50)), and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2=4.98, P<0.05). The postoperative follow up was proceed one year.The incidence of cure were significantly higher than that in the control group(96%(48/50)vs.84%(40/50)), and the residual rate and recurrence rate were lower than that of the control group(6%(3/50) and 14%(7/50), 2%(1/50)and 8%(4/50)), the difference was statistically significant (χ 2=10.56, 3.98, 13.96, all P<0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [6% (3/50) and 18% (9/50)], the difference was statistically significant (χ 2=11.25, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in bleeding volume, operation time and wound healing time between the two groups ( t value was 1.46, 1.26 and 0.98 respectively, all P>0.05). Conclusion:The cervical conization through cervical canal endoscope can accurately locate the focus of high-grade CIN, with higher rate of lesion clearance, lower rate of lesion recurrence and complications.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867092

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between adult attachment, rejection sensitivity and depressive symptoms in college students.Method:A total of 705 college students were recruited with cluster sampling and measured with rejection sensitivity questionnaire(RSQ), experiences in close relationships inventory(ECR), and Beck depression inventory(BDI). Based on the criteria of depressive symptoms of Beck depression scale, those with scores <5 were divided into the group with no depressive symptoms(non-depression group, n=373) and those with scores ≥5 were divided into the group with depressive symptoms(depression group, n=332). SPSS 17.0 and AMOS 19.0 were used to conduct data analysis of the results, and the mediating effect was tested by Bootstrap method. Results:(1) The scores of anxious attachment (71.00(57.00, 80.00)) and avoidant attachment(66.00(55.00, 72.00)) in the depressive group were both significantly higher than those in the non-depressive group(65.00(52.50, 74.00))、(66.00(51.50, 72.00))( Z=-7.29, -2.85, P<0.01), the score of rejection sensitivity (9.78(8.27, 11.06)) in the depressive group was significantly higher than that in the non-depressive group(9.39(7.63, 10.67))( Z=-6.15, P<0.01). (2)Anxious attachment had significantly positively correlation with rejection sensitivity ( r=0.33, P<0.01) and depressive symptoms( r=0.33, P<0.01). Avoidant attachment had significantly positively correlation with rejection sensitivity ( r=0.15, P<0.01) and depressive symptoms( r=0.10, P<0.01). Rejection sensitivity had significantly positively correlation with depressive symptoms ( r=0.28, P<0.01). (3)Rejection sensitivity partially mediated the relationships between adult attachment and depressive symptoms.The mediating effect of rejection sensitivity on the influence of anxious attachment on depressive symptoms was 8.7%, accounting for 39.73% of the total effect.And the mediating effect for avoidant attachment was 3.0%, accounting for 29.90% of the total effect. Conclusion:Adult attachment has indirect effects on depressive symptoms through rejection sensitivity.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 673-677, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866185

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the iodine nutritional status of key population and its correlation with water iodine and salt iodine in Hainan Province, and to provide scientific basis for iodine supplement.Methods:According to the "National Water Iodine Content Survey Program for Drinking Water" and the "National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Surveillance Program (2016)", surveys on water iodine and iodine nutritional status of key populations in 21 cities (counties, districts) in Hainan Province in 2017 and 2018 were conducted. Water samples, urine samples at random and home salt samples of children aged 8 - 10 years old and pregnant women were collected to detect water iodine, urinary iodine and salt iodine. At the same time, the thyroid volume of children was measured by B-mode ultrasound, and the goiter rate was calculated. According to the geographical location, Hainan Province was divided into 3 areas: central mountainous, western coastal and eastern coastal, the results of water iodine, salt iodine and urinary iodine in different areas were compared and analyzed. Water iodine was detected by "Water Iodine Detection Method Suitable for Iodine Deficiency and High Iodine Areas" recommended by National Reference Laboratory for Iodine Deficiency Disorders; urinary iodine was detected by arsenic cerium catalytic spectrophotometry; salt iodine was detected by direct titration.Results:A total of 2 566 water samples were detected, and the median water iodine was 6.0 μg/L. A total of 4 220 urine samples of children were detected, the median urinary iodine was 170.0 μg/L (appropriate range was 100 - 199 μg/L), the goiter rate was 0.09% (4/4 220). A total of 2 124 urine samples of pregnant women were detected, the median urinary iodine was 120.7 μg/L (appropriate range was 150 - 249 μg/L). A total of 6 344 salt samples were detected, coverage rate of iodized salt, qualified rate of iodized salt and consumption rate of qualified iodized salt were 97.76% (6 202/6 344), 97.47% (6 045/6 202), and 95.29% (6 045/6 344), respectively. In central mountainous, western coastal and eastern coastal areas, medians water iodine were 3.3, 6.5, and 6.5 μg/L, respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( H = 13.721, P < 0.01); the consumption rates of qualified iodized salt were 97.86% (1 833/1 873), 90.52% (1 613/1 782), and 96.65% (2 599/2 689), respectively, the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 71.217, P < 0.01); the medians urinary iodine of children were 182.4, 160.1, and 167.4 μg/L, respectively; the medians urinary iodine of pregnant women were 120.1, 117.7, and 103.9 μg/L, respectively. There was a positive correlation between urinary iodine in children and pregnant women and salt iodine ( r = 0.394, 0.657, P < 0.05). Conclusions:The iodine nutrition of children in Hainan Province is generally at an appropriate level, and pregnant women are at risk of iodine deficiency. There is a positive correlation between urinary iodine in children and pregnant women and salt iodine. The prevention and treatment of iodine deficiency disorders should focus on strengthening iodine nutrition monitoring of pregnant women.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846748

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the effects of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) exposure, expressive suppression/cognitive reappraisal, and demographic variables on post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTS) among Chinese. Methods: Participants were recruited by social media through WeChat and 6 049 Chinese (aged from 17 to 63 years; median=24) from 31 provinces were included in the study. PTS symptoms, expressive suppression, and cognitive reappraisal were assessed after the outbreak of COVID-19. A regression mixture analysis was conducted in Mplus 7. Results: A regression mixture model identified three latent classes that were primarily distinguished by differential effects of COVID- 19 exposures on PTS symptoms: (1) Class 1 (mildly PTS symptoms, 80.9%), (2) Class 2 (moderate PTS symptoms, 13.0%), and (3) Class 3 (high PTS symptoms, 6.1%). The results demonstrated that the young, women and people with responsibilities and concerns for others were more vulnerable to PTS symptoms; and they had more expression inhibition and less cognitive reappraisal in three latent classes. Conclusions: The findings suggest that more attention needs to be paid to vulnerable groups such as the young, women and people with responsibilities and concerns for others. Therapies to encourage emotional expression and increase cognitive reappraisal may also be helpful for trauma survivors.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777464

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to predict and explore the mechanism of multiple components, targets and pathways of Siwu decoction for treatment of primary dysmenorrhea, and to establish a network pharmacological model of "compound-target-pathway-disease". According to the active ingredients in Siwu Decoction, Swiss Target Prediction server was used to predict the active component targets based on the reverse pharmacodynamic group matching method, and the primary dysmenorrhea targets approved by FDA were selected by database including DrugBank, OMIM and TTD. According to the enrichment analysis of the target pathways by using KEGG, the Cytoscape software was used to construct the network of "compound-target-pathway-disease" of Siwu Decoction. Network analysis showed that there were 20 active components involved in 114 pathways. And 16 components, 16 target proteins and 24 pathways were related to primary dysmenorrhea. Siwu Decoction may play a role in treating primary dysmenorrhea by acting on protein targets and pathways related to hormone regulation, central analgesia, spasmolysis,inflammation and immunity. This study revealed the potential active compounds and possible mechanism of Siwu Decoction for treatment of primary dysmenorrhea, providing theoretical references for further systematic laboratory experiments on effective compounds and action mechanism of Siwu Decoction.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Dysmenorrhea , Drug Therapy , Female , Humans , Software
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773121

ABSTRACT

The main chemical constituents of naphthopyrone reference extract( NRE) with definite content and relatively fixed chemical composition were analyzed and determined. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-LTQ-Orbitrap XL mass spectrometry and high performance liquid chromatography were used to systematically study NRE from the aspects of main chemical components and determination. The results showed that the chemical composition of naphthopyrone reference extract of Cassiae Semen was relatively fixed,and seven naphthalopyranones were identified. Cassiaside B_2,cassiaside C_2,rubrofusarin-6-O-β-D-gentiobioside and cassiaside C were the main chemical constituents of NRE,of which the determination and uncertainty results were( 11. 40+ 0. 26) %,( 11. 68+0. 24) %,( 16. 60+0. 22) %,( 28. 8+0. 48) %,respectively. This study contributed to the accurate evaluation of NRE and the foundation for the application of NRE in the quality control of Cassiae Semen,and provided a new idea for the replacement of single chemical reference substance by the reference extract of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Cassia , Chemistry , Certification , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Mass Spectrometry , Plant Extracts , Reference Standards , Quality Control , Seeds , Chemistry
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773113

ABSTRACT

To study the compatibility rule of Simao Yongan Decoction,the rat single pass intestinal perfusion model in situ was used in this study. On the basis of early research,the five kinds of anti-inflammatory active ingredients,i.e. chlorogenic acid,liquiritin,hyperoside,angoroside C and isochlorogenic acid C in Simao Yongan Decoction were selected as research objects. The contents of the above five actives compounds with various compatibility combinations and in different intestinal segment perfusates were determined by using the method of ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry( UPLC-MSn). The kinetic parameters of intestinal absorption of the five anti-inflammatory active ingredients were calculated,which could be used to evaluate the intestinal absorption of each component in different combinations. The results showed that the absorption parameters of liquiritin in ileum were highest in Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma single herb,while the absorption parameters of other four components in ileum and duodenum were highest in the compatible combinations. Among them,the absorption parameters of chlorogenic acid in ileum and duodenum were highest in the whole prescription compatibility; ischlorogenic acid C showed higher absorption levels in the whole prescription and the herb compatibility of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos-Scrophulariae Radix-Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. However,the absorption levels of hyperoside and angoroside C in different compatibilities were quite different in ileum and duodenum. In this study,the intestinal absorption of five anti-inflammatory active ingredients in Simiao Yongan Decoction with different compatibility combinations was investigated,revealing that the absorption of active ingredients varied with the different compatibility combinations and different intestinal segments. At the same time,the above research also indicated that the absorption of active ingredients could be obviously promoted by the compatibility of compound prescriptions,laying a foundation for the research on the compatibility rule of Simiao Yongan Detection from the biological point of view.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Intestinal Absorption , Intestines , Phytochemicals , Pharmacokinetics , Rats
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801920

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer' s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease with insidious onset and complex etiology and pathogenesis. The main pathological changes are the damage of cholinergic neurons and the loss of synapses. Because of advantages of multi-pathway and multi-target intervention, traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) compound prescriptions have a significant effect in the prevention and treatment of AD. Buyang Huanwu Tang, which is the representative prescription for benefiting Qi and activating blood circulation, has been widely used in cerebrovascular diseases, with significant effects in protecting neurons, repairing blood-brain barrier, reducing permeability, resisting cerebral edema and vascular endothelial cell injury and promoting new angiogenesis and maturation. Due to its powerful therapeutic effect the brain, a large number of scholars have found that Buyang Huanwu Tang has a significant effect in improving cognitive impairment, and different components can improve the therapeutic effect of cognitive impairment through different mechanisms. However, different studies focus on a relatively single mechanism of action, which is not conducive to a comprehensive understanding of its mechanisms of action and intervention targets. This article summarizes relevant literatures in recent years for the effect of Buyang Huanwu Tang and its component in reducing beta amyloid precursor protein (APP) expression and beta amyloid protein deposition, inhibiting the central nervous system inflammatory signaling pathways in reducing inflammatory cytokines release factor expression protect neurons, repair, neuron apoptosis blood brain barrier, preventing harmful substances from the central nervous system, improving the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LRP)-1 content, lowering ages receptor (RAGE) beta amyloid protein expression, and increasing peripheral clearance of β amyloid protein, and elaborated the mechanisms in protecting neurons and alleviating learning and cognitive dysfunction, in order to provide strong literature support for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease with Buyang Huanwu Tang.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850840

ABSTRACT

Objective: To optimize the water extraction process of Siwu Decoction by BP neural network combined with orthogonal experiment. Methods: The water amount, the extraction time, and the extraction times were taken as factors. Entropy weight method was used to calculate the comprehensive scores of the multi-indicators of eight active components of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, paeoniflorin, ferulic acid, verbascoside, senkyunolide A, and ligustilide in R language environment. Using comprehensive score as an evaluation indicator, the BP neural network model was established by orthogonal experiment design, and the optimal water extraction process of Siwu Decoction was predicted through network training. Results: The optimized extraction process of Siwu Decoction was carried out by adding 8 times of water and extracting 3 times for 1 h. The relative error between the network predicted value and the actual measured value of the test sample was less than 1%. Conclusion: The established mathematical model can analyze and predict the water extraction process of Siwu Decoction. The obtained process is stable and feasible, and can effectively extract the active ingredients in Siwu Decoction.

19.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 866-871, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818338

ABSTRACT

Pericytes are a type of cell similar to vascular smooth muscle cells, named after the localization of capillaries and microvascular basement membranes. Pericytes were originally shown to be involved in vasoconstriction, regulating blood flow to local microvasculature. In recent years, its functions of regulating angiogenesis and promoting vascular maturation have been successively recognized. Many microvascular lesions are accompanied by pericyte cell structural and functional abnormality. Therefore, the regulation of pericytes has received extensive attention, but many mechanisms have not yet been elucidated. The review summarizes the role of pericytes in microvascular diseases such as cranial neuropathy, cardiovascular disease, diabetic vascular changes and tumors.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816046

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Explore the clinical benefit factors of progression-free survival(PFS) in sensitive epithelial growth factor receptor(EGFR) gene mutated advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with first-generation of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor(TKI).METHODS: The clinical data of 166 patients who received first-line treatment with first-generation EGFR-TKI were retrospectively collected in 2016-2017 from Xiangya Hospital, Central South University. The patients were divided into three groups: PFS≤3 m,3 m

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