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1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1169-1176, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009206

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore effects of isopsoralen (ISO) with different doses on fracture and vascular healing in mice.@*METHODS@#Sixty 2-month-old male C57BL/6 mices with body mass of (20±2) g were selected and divided into 4 groups by random number table method:model group (model), low dose group (isopsoralen-low dose, ISO-L), medium dose group (isopsoralen-medium dose, ISO-M) and high dose group (isopsoralen-high dose, ISO-H), with 15 animals in each group. The right tibial fracture model was established. After operation, ISO-L group, ISO-M group and ISO-H group were given ISO concentration of 10 mg·kg-1, 20 mg·kg-1 and 40 mg·kg-1, respectively. Model group was given same volume of normal saline once a day for 28 days. Weighed once a week. X-ray was performed on 7, 14, 21 and 28 days, respectively, and modified I.R. Garrett scoring method was used to evaluate callus growth. After 28 days, the main organs were stripped and weighed, and organ coefficients were calculated. Hematoxylin eosin staining (HE staining) was performed on the organs to observe whether there were pathological structural changes. Micro-computed tomography (Micro-CT) was used to scan fracture area and conduct three-dimensional reconstruction to obtain the effect map, and quantify bone volume fraction (bone volume/total volume, BV/TV). After decalcification, the tibia was embedded in paraffin wax and sectioned. The healing and shape of fracture end were observed by HE staining and ferruxin solid green staining. The right tibia was removed and decalcified after intravascular infusion of Microfil contrast agent. Micro-CT was used to scan the callus microvessels in the fracture area, and the vascular volume fraction and vessel diameter were quantified.@*RESULTS@#After 28 days of administration, there was no significant difference in body mass and organ coefficient among all groups (P>0.05), and no significant pathological changes were found in HE staining of organs. The results of X-ray and improved I.R. Garrett score showed that ISO-M group was higher than that of Model group at 28 days (P<0.05). Scores of ISO-H group at 14, 21 and 28 days were higher than those of the other 3 groups (P<0.05). Micro-CT results showed intracavitary callus in ISO-M group was significantly reduced, which was lower than that in Model group (P<0.05), most of the callus in ISO-H group were subsided, and BV/TV in ISO-H group was lower than that in the other 3 groups (P<0.05). The results of HE staining and ferrubens solid green staining showed fracture area of ISO-H group was closed, continuous laminar bone had appeared, and the fracture healing process was higher than that of other groups. Angiographic results showed vascular volume fraction in ISO-H and ISO-M groups was higher than that in Model and ISO-L groups (P<0.05), and the vascular diameter in ISO-H and ISO-M groups was higher than that in Model and ISO-L groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In the concentration range of 10-40 mg·kg-1, ISO has no obvious toxic and side effects, and could improve bone microstructure, promote formation of callus microvessels, and accelerate healing of fracture ends in a concentration-dependent manner.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , X-Ray Microtomography , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Bony Callus , Fracture Healing , Tibial Fractures/surgery
2.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 516-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979745

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To investigate the distribution and drug resistance of pathogenic bacteria separated from ascites of patients in Children’s Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from 2015 to 2021, and to provide a basis for rational clinical antimicrobial agents. Methods Bacterial culture, bacterial identification and drug sensitivity analysis were performed on 1 058 non-duplicate ascites culture specimens from January 2015 to December 2021. The clinica1 and microbiologica1 data were ana1yzed by WHONET 5.6 and SAS 9.4 Results Of the 1 058 specimens, 586 (55.39%) were positive for pathogenic bacteria, with a total of 781 strains isolated. There was no significant trend of increase or decrease in the positivity rate over different years. Male children (63.99%) were more prevalent than female children. Appendicitis (59.22%) was the most common disease and Escherichia coli was the most common causative bacteria. Among neonates (≤28 d), the bacteria with the highest detection rate were Klebsiella pneumoniae (23.50%) and Enterococcus faecium (23.50%), while among children (>28 d), the highest detection rate was Escherichia coli (35.98%). Gram-negative bacteria accounted for 64.79% of the 781 strains, mainly Escherichia coli (38.28%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (8.58%), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (5.89%); Gram-positive bacteria accounted for 29.45%, mainly Enterococcus faecium (8.58%), Streptococcus constellatus (2.69%), and Enterococcus avium (2.43%); fungi accounted for 1.66% and anaerobic bacteria accounted for 4.10%. The resistance rates of Escherichia coli to cefoperazone/sulbactam, piperacillin/tazobactam, imipenem and meropenem were 6.02%, 4.35%, 4.35%, and 3.68%, respectively. The resistance rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae to these drugs were 59.70%, 59.70%, 50.75% and 53.73% respectively. Linezolid-resistant strains of Enterococcus faecium were found. Conclusion Appendicitis is the most common abdominal infection in children, and the distribution of ascites pathogens varies with ages and diseases. The pathogenic bacteria are mainly Gram-negative bacteria, and the drug resistance of Klebsiella pneumoniae was more serious. It is particularly important to use antibiotics correctly and rationally to reduce the emergence of drug resistant bacteria.

3.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 162-169, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at Neiguan (PC 6) on myocardial fibrosis in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs), and to explore the contribution of interleukin-1 β (IL-1 β), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), and transforming growth factor β 1 (TGF- β 1) to the effects.@*METHODS@#Nine 12-weeks-old Wistar Kyoto (WKY) male rats were employed as the normal group. Twenty-seven SHRs were equally randomized into SHR, SHR+EA, and SHR + sham groups. EA was applied at bilateral PC 6 once a day 30 min per day in 8 consecutive weeks. After 8-weeks EA treatment at PC 6, histopathologic changes of collagen type I (Col I), collagen type 1 (Col 1) and the levels of IGF-1, 1L-1 β, TGF- β 1, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 were examined in myocardial tissure respectively.@*RESULTS@#After 8-weeks EA treatment at PC 6, the enhanced myocardial fibrosis in SHRs were characterized by the increased mean fluorescence intensity of Col I and Col 1 in myocardium tissue (P<0.01). All these abnormal alterations above in SHR + EA group was significantly lower compared with the SHR group (P<0.01). Meanwhile, the increased levels of IL-1 β, IGF-1, TGF-β 1 in serum or myocardial tissue of SHRs, diminished MMP 9 mRNA expression in SHRs were also markedly inhibited after 8 weeks of EA treatment (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Furthermore, the contents of IL-1 β, IGF-1, TGF-β 1 in myocardial tissue were positively correlated with the systolic blood pressure and hydroxyproline respectively (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#EA at bilateral PC 6 could ameliorate cardiac fibrosis in SHRs, which might be mediated by regulation of 1L-1 β/IGF-1-TGF- β 1-MMP9 pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Male , Rats, Inbred WKY , Electroacupuncture , Hypertension/therapy , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Interleukin-1beta , Rats, Inbred SHR , Essential Hypertension , Myocardium/pathology , Collagen Type I , Fibrosis
4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 56-60, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970236

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the genetic and genomic profiling of juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) and factors affecting its survival rate. Methods: Clinical characteristics, cytogenetics, molecular biology results and survival status of children with 27 JMML cases admitted to the Hematology Department of Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from December 2012 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively, and the outcomes of the children were followed up. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Univariate analysis was used for analyzing factors affecting the overall survival (OS) rates of patients who received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Log-Rank test was used for comparison of survival curves. Results: Among 27 JMML cases, there were 11 males and 16 females. The age of disease onset was 28 (11,52) months. There are 20 cases of normal karyotype, 4 cases of monosomy 7, 1 case of trisomy 8,1 case of 11q23 rearrangement and 1 case of complex karyotype. A total of 39 somatic mutations were detected.Those involved in RAS signal pathway were the highest (64%(25/39)), among which PTPN11 mutation was the most frequent (44% (11/25)). A total of 17 cases (63%) received HSCT, 8 cases (30%) did not receive HSCT, and 2 cases (7%) lost follow-up. For children receiving transplantation, the follow-up time after transplantation was 47 (11,57) months. The 1-year OS rate of high-risk transplantation group (17 cases) and high-risk non transplantation group (6 cases) was (88±8)% and (50±20)% respectively, with a statistically significant difference (χ2=5.01, P=0.025). The 5-year OS rate of the high-risk transplantation group was (75±11)%. The survival time of those who relapsed or progressed to acute myeloid leukemia after transplantation was significantly shorter than that of those who did not relapse (χ2=6.80, P=0.009). The OS rate of patients with or without PTPN11 mutation was (81±12) % and (67±19)% respectively (χ2=0.85, P=0.356). Conclusions: The main pathogenesis involved in JMML is gene mutation related to RAS signaling pathway, and the most common driver gene of mutation is PTPN11. Allogeneic HSCT can significantly improve the survival rate of high-risk JMML patients. The recurrence or progression after transplantation was related to poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child , Humans , Child, Preschool , Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Survival Analysis , Mutation , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1151-1156, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007458

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Neiguan" (PC 6) on myocardial fibrosis in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), and explore preliminarily the mediating role of cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway (CAP) and its downstream nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway.@*METHODS@#Six 12-week-old WKY male rats were employed as the normal group. Eighteen 12-week-old SHR were randomly divided into 3 groups, i.e. a model group, an EA group and a blocking group (EA after blocking α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor [α7nAchR]), with 6 rats in each one. In the EA group, EA was delivered at "Neiguan"(PC 6) and the site 0.5 cm from its left side, with disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/15 Hz in frequency and 1 mA in current intensity. One intervention took 30 min and was given once every 2 days, lasting 8 weeks. In the blocking group, prior to each EA, the α7nAchR specific blocker, α-bungartoxin was injected intravenously in the tails of the rats. After EA intervention, the systolic blood pressure (SBP), the diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and the mean arterial pressure (MAP) were measured with non-invasive blood pressure monitor. Using echocardiogram, the left ventricular (LV) anterior wall end-diastolic thickness (LVAWd) , LV posterior wall end-diastolic thickness (LVPWd) and the LV end-diastolic internal diameter (LVIDd) were measured. The level of hydroxyproline (Hyp) in the myocardial tissue was determined by using alkaline hydrolysis, and that of acetylcholine (Ach) was detected by ELISA. With the real-time PCR adopted, the mRNA expression of NF-κB p65, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6 were determined.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal group, SBP, DBP, MAP, LVAWd and LVPWd were increased (P<0.01), and LVIDd was decreased (P<0.01) in the rats of the model group. SBP, DBP, MAP and LVAWd were dropped (P<0.01, P<0.05), and LVIDd rose (P<0.01) in the EA group when compared with those in the model group. The differences in the above indexes were not statistically significant between the blocking group and the model group (P>0.05). Compared with the normal group, Hyp level and the mRNA expression of NF-κB p65, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in the myocardial tissue increased (P<0.01, P<0.05) and Ach level decreased (P<0.01) in the model group. Hyp level, the mRNA expression of NF-κB p65, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in the myocardial tissue were reduced (P<0.05, P<0.01) and Ach level rose (P<0.01) in the EA group when compared with those in the model group. These indexes were not different statistically between the blocking group and the model group (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#CAP may be involved in ameliorating the pathological damage of myocardial fibrosis during EA at "Neiguan"(PC 6). The underlying effect mechanism is associated with up-regulating the neurotransmitter, Ach and down-regulating mRNA expression of NF-κB p65 and pro-inflammatory factors such as TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in myocardial tissue.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Rats, Inbred SHR , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Rats, Inbred WKY , Electroacupuncture , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Neuroimmunomodulation , alpha7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor , Acetylcholine , Fibrosis , RNA, Messenger
6.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 729-731, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958134

ABSTRACT

As illustrated by the concept of the developmental origins of health and diseases (DOHaD) and the first 1000 days, early life is essential for preventing adult diseases. A sharper focus on intervention during pregnancy and even before conception is needed to improve maternal and child health. Pregnant women should be encouraged to adopt a balanced diet to enhance the status of undernutrition and overnutrition. A balanced diet and physical exercise are significant to ensure appropriate weight gain during pregnancy. A healthy lifestyle should be guaranteed and continued throughout the life cycle, and breastfeeding should be encouraged to prevent adult disease risk and improve life cycle health.

7.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 288-294, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015337

ABSTRACT

Objective To testify the link between the increase of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1) expression in the M1 phenotype microglia under ischemic condition. Methods Photothrombosic ischemia stroke model was applied in 6 mice. BV2 cells were treated with low glucose medium contained 5mmol/L glucose for 2 hours. Immunofluorescent staining and Western blotting were used to check the responses from microglia in the mouse brains subjected to ischemia and BV2 cells were treated with low-glucose treatment. Application of RNA interference or plasmid transfection were used to regulate the MCT1 expression in BV2 cells. Results The expression levels of iNOS, MCT1 and arginase-1 (ARG1) increased in the ischemic side compared to the non-ischemic side of mice brain(P<0.01). In the BV2 cells exposed to low-glucose condition, iNOS and MCT1 levels increased(P<0.001), whereas ARG1 level decreased(P<0.01). RNA interference interfered the expression of MCT1 and then decreased the iNOS expression(P<0.01), while overexpression of MCT1 through plasmid transfection increased iNOS expression(P<0.01), while the ARG1 expressions in both conditions were not changed significantly. Conclusion After microglia polarized into inflammatory phenotype during ischemia period, iNOS production is related with MCT1 expression, and MCT1 is in the upstream of iNOS pathway.

8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 703-706, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939519

ABSTRACT

Through collecting the relevant moxibustion records of Han medical bamboo slips unearthed in Wuwei and Juyan regions of Gansu province, the situation and characteristics of clinical practice of moxibustion were summarized. In Wuwei Han medical bamboo slips, the contraindications of moxibustion were recorded, with age and time involved. Juyan Han medical bamboo slips mainly recorded the methods of moxibustion at the acupoints located on the back of the body, with clear emphasis and requirement of acupoint selection, single acupoint moxibustion and moxibustion quantity (the numbers of moxa cone) included. These records on bamboo slips initially display the practice and development of moxibustion in Gansu and other northwestern regions of China in the Han Dynasty, providing a certain instruction for the literature research of moxibustion of the excavated Han medical bamboo slips.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , China , Contraindications , Moxibustion , Plant Cone
9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 647-653, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939509

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Neiguan" (PC 6) on cardiac function of ventriculus sinister in rats with spontaneously hypertensive (SHR), and to explore the mediation effect of endothelin-1 (ET-1)/endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS).@*METHODS@#Six 12-week-old male Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats were taken as the normal group. Eighteen 12-week-old SHR were randomly divided into a model group, an EA group and a sham EA group, 6 rats in each group. The rats in the EA group were treated with EA (disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/15 Hz in frequency, 1 mA in current intensity) at "Neiguan" (PC 6), 30 min each time, once a day for 8 weeks. The rats in the sham EA group were treated with superficial needling at "Neiguan" (PC 6) with no electrical stimulation applied. After treatment, the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS) were tested by echocardiographic analysis. The left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), heart rate (HR), the maximum rate of increase/decrease of left ventricular pressure (±dp/dtmax) were detected. The serum content of ET-1 was detected by ELISA. Western blot was used to evaluate the expression of ETAR, eNOS in myocardial tissue of left ventricular.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal group, LVEF, LVFS, +dp/dtmax/LVSP and -dp/dtmax/LVSP were decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05), while LVSP, LVEDP, +dp/dtmax and -dp/dtmax were increased (P<0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, LVEF, LVFS, +dp/dtmax/LVSP and -dp/dtmax/LVSP were increased (P<0.01, P<0.05), and LVSP and LVEDP were decreased (P<0.01) in the EA group. Compared with the normal group, the serum content of ET-1 and the expression of ETAR in myocardial tissue were increased (P<0.01), whereas expression of eNOS was decreased (P<0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, the serum content of ET-1 and the expression of ETAR in myocardial tissue were decreased (P<0.05), whereas expression of eNOS was increased (P<0.05) in the EA group.@*CONCLUSION@#EA intervention may alleviate hypertensive cardiac function damage by up-regulating the expression of eNOS protein in myocardial tissue, down-regulating the serum content of ET-1 and the expression of ETAR protein in myocardial tissue.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Electroacupuncture , Endothelin-1/genetics , Heart Diseases , Hypertension/therapy , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Inbred WKY , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 665-671, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927560

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) brings health issues for both mothers and offspring, and GDM prevention is as important as GDM management. It was shown that a history of GDM was significantly associated with a higher maternal risk for GDM recurrence. The incidence of GDM recurrence was unclear because of the incidence of second-child was low before 2016 in China. We aim to investigate the prevalence of GDM recurrence and its associated high-risk factors which may be useful for the prediction of GDM recurrence in China.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted which enrolled participants who underwent regular prenatal examination and delivered twice in the same hospital of 18 research centers. All participants were enrolled from January 2018 to October 2018, where they delivered the second baby during this period. A total of 6204 women were enrolled in this study, and 1002 women with a history of GDM were analyzed further. All participants enrolled in the study had an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) result at 24 to 28 weeks and were diagnosed as GDM in the first pregnancy according to the OGTT value (when any one of the following values is met or exceeded to the 75-g OGTT: 0 h [fasting], ≥5.10 mmol/L; 1 h, ≥10.00 mmol/L; and 2 h, ≥8.50 mmol/L). The prevalence of GDM recurrence and development of type 2 diabetes mellitus were calculated, and its related risk factors were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In 6204 participants, there are 1002 women (1002/6204,16.15%) with a history of GDM and 5202 women (5202/6204, 83.85%) without a history of GDM. There are significant differences in age (32.43 ± 4.03 years vs. 33.00 ± 3.34 years vs. 32.19 ± 3.37 years, P  < 0.001), pregnancy interval (4.06 ± 1.44 years vs. 3.52 ± 1.43 years vs. 3.38 ± 1.35 years, P  = 0.004), prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) (27.40 ± 4.62 kg/m2vs. 23.50 ± 3.52 kg/m2vs. 22.55 ± 3.47 kg/m2, P < 0.001), history of delivered macrosomia (22.7% vs. 11.0% vs. 6.2%, P < 0.001) among the development of diabetes mellitus (DM), recurrence of GDM, and normal women. Moreover, it seems so important in the degree of abnormal glucose metabolism in the first pregnancy to the recurrence of GDM and the development of DM. There are significant differences in OGTT levels of the first pregnancy such as area under the curve of OGTT value (18.31 ± 1.90 mmol/L vs. 16.27 ± 1.93 mmol/L vs. 15.55 ± 1.92 mmol/L, P < 0.001), OGTT fasting value (5.43 ± 0.48 mmol/L vs. 5.16 ± 0.49 mmol/L vs. 5.02 ± 0.47 mmol/L, P < 0.001), OGTT 1-hour value (10.93 ± 1.34 mmol/L vs. 9.69 ± 1.53 mmol/L vs. 9.15 ± 1.58 mmol/L, P < 0.001), OGTT 2-hour value (9.30 ± 1.66 mmol/L vs. 8.01 ± 1.32 mmol/L vs. 7.79 ± 1.38 mmol/L, P < 0.001), incidence of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) (fasting plasma glucose ≥5.6 mmol/L) (31.3% vs. 14.6% vs. 8.8%, P < 0.001), and incidence of two or more abnormal OGTT values (68.8% vs. 39.7% vs. 23.9%, P < 0.001) among the three groups. Using multivariate analysis, the factors, such as age (1.07 [1.02-1.12], P = 0.006), prepregnancy BMI (1.07 [1.02, 1.12], P  = 0.003), and area under the curve of OGTT in the first pregnancy (1.14 [1.02, 1.26], P  = 0.02), have an effect on maternal GDM recurrence; the factors, such as age (1.28 [1.01-1.61], P  = 0.04), pre-pregnancy BMI (1.26 [1.04, 1.53], P = 0.02), and area under the curve of OGTT in the first pregnancy (1.65 [1.04, 2.62], P = 0.03), have an effect on maternal DM developed further.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The history of GDM was significantly associated with a higher maternal risk for GDM recurrence during follow-up after the first pregnancy. The associated risk factors for GDM recurrence or development of DM include age, high pre-pregnancy BMI, history of delivered macrosomia, the OGTT level in the first pregnancy, such as the high area under the curve of OGTT, IFG, and two or more abnormal OGTT values. To prevent GDM recurrence, women with a history of GDM should do the preconception counseling before preparing next pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Blood Glucose/metabolism , China/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Diabetes, Gestational , Fetal Macrosomia , Glucose Intolerance , Retrospective Studies
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 461-465, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928737

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and clinical significance of miR-424 and miR-765 in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The eighty-one MM patients admitted to Sanya Central Hospital from January 2017 to July 2020 were divided into phase Ⅰ (n=16), phase Ⅱ (n=25) and phase Ⅲ (n=40) according to the international staging system, while they were divided into IgG type (n=46), IgA type (n=19), light chain type (n=10) and non secretory type (n=6) according to the results of immunotyping. Another 50 healthy normal persons in the same period were selected as the control group. The levels of serum miR-424, miR-765 and Cystatin C (Cys-C) were measured in each group. The diagnostic value of serum miR-424, miR-765 and Cys-C in MM was estimated by ROC curve. Pearson correlation was used to analyze the correlation between serum levels of miR-424, miR-765 and Cys-C in MM patients.@*RESULTS@#The serum levels of miR-424 (2.74±1.30 vs 0.85±0.26), miR-765 (2.05±0.82 vs 0.63±0.17) and Cys-C [(2.18±0.86 vs 0.72±0.15) mg/L] in MM group were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.001). The serum levels of miR-424 (5.08±2.36 vs 1.12±0.34, 2.24±0.93), miR-765 (3.50±1.52 vs 0.74±0.20, 1.78±0.65) and Cys-C [(3.81±1.30 vs 0.92±0.24, 1.68±0.55) mg/L] in MM patients at stage Ⅲ were significantly higher than those in patients at stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ (P<0.001). Also the serum levels of the three molecules in phase II were significantly higher than those in phase I (P<0.001). The serum levels of miR-424 and miR-765 in MM patients at IgG type were significantly higher than those at IgA, light chain and non secretory types (P<0.001). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (0.952,95%CI: 0.890-0.993) was greatest for the combination of miR-424, miR-765 and Cys-C for diagnosis of MM, and its sensitivity and specificity were 95.0% and 87.2%. The results of correlation analysis showed that the serum levels of miR-424 and miR-765 were positively correlated with Cys-C (r=0.795,r=0.760).@*CONCLUSION@#The serum levels of miR-424 and miR-765 in MM patients are significantly increased in the pattern increasing with the progression of MM stage. Combined with Cys-C, miR-424 and miR-765 have high value in the diagnosis of MM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , MicroRNAs , Multiple Myeloma , ROC Curve
12.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 297-302, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928603

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the current status of sleep initiation patterns, influencing factors for sleep initiation patterns, and the influence of sleep initiation patterns on sleep quality in infants and young children.@*METHODS@#A total of 521 infants and young children, aged 0-35 months, who underwent physical examination at the outpatient service of the Department of Growth and Development in Shenzhen Bao'an Women's and Children's Hospital Affiliated to Jinan University were enrolled as subjects. A self-designed questionnaire and Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire were used to collect the information on family background, parenting behaviors, and sleep quality in the past one week. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the influencing factors for sleep initiation patterns. A multiple linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the influence of sleep initiation patterns on the number of nighttime awakenings.@*RESULTS@#Among the 521 infants and young children, 258 (49.5%) were breastfed/bottle fed to initiate sleep, 62 (11.9%) were rocked/held to initiate sleep, 39 (7.5%) slept independently, and 162 (31.1%) initiated sleep accompanied by parents. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the children with breastfeeding and a younger age were more likely to be breastfed/bottle fed to initiate sleep (P<0.05) and that the children with a younger age were also more likely to be rocked/held to initiate sleep (P<0.05). The multiple linear regression analysis showed that sleep initiation with breastfeeding/bottle feeding significantly increased the number of nighttime awakenings (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Most infants and young children initiate sleep by being breastfed/bottle fed, rocked/held, or accompanied. The sleep initiation pattern is associated with the age of children and whether they are still breastfeeding. Sleep initiation with breastfeeding/bottle feeding can increase the number of nighttime awakenings. io.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Breast Feeding , Cognition , Parents , Sleep , Sleep Quality
13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 159-162, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928287

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the short-term clinical effect of lumbar nerve root canal injection under X-ray angiography in the treatment of sciatica.@*METHODS@#The clincal data of 78 patients with sciatica underwent lumbar nerve root canal injection under X-ray angiography from December 2017 to February 2020 was retrospectively analyzed. Including 31 males and 47 females, aged from 22 to 88 years old with a median of 65 years. There were 55 cases of lumbar disc herniation and 23 cases of lumbar spinal stenosis, the course of disease ranged from 1 to 8 weeks with a median of 3 weeks. There were 71 cases of single segment disc herniation or stenosis, including L3,4 of 5 cases, L4,5 of 61 cases, L5S1 of 5 cases, and 7 cases of multisegment herniation or stenosis. The pain visual analogue scale (VAS) was recorded and Macnab was used to evaluate the clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All patients completed standardized treatment without serious adverse reactions. VAS were (3.21±0.76) scores immediately after treatment, (2.89±0.33) scores 1 hour after treatment, (1.80±0.27) scores 6 hours after treatment, (1.10±0.20) scores 24 hours after treatment, (2.53±0.35) scores 1 week after treatment and (4.27±0.36) scores 1 month after treatment. There were significant differences in VAS between before treatment(7.83±0.56) and each time period after treatment(P<0.05). According to Macnab low back pain evaluation standard, 42 cases were effective, 34 cases were markedly effective and 2 cases were ineffective within 24 hours after treatment, with an effective rate of 97.4%;38 cases were effective, 25 cases were markedly effective, 15 cases were ineffective within one week after treatment, the effective rate was 80.0%;32 cases were effective, 22 cases were markedly effective, 24 cases were ineffective within one month after treatment, the effective rate was 69.2%.@*CONCLUSION@#The short-term clinical effect of nerve root canal injection under X-ray radiography in the treatment of sciatica is good and it is an effective method to relieve sciatica.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Angiography , Dental Pulp Cavity , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/diagnostic imaging , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Sciatica/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , X-Rays
14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-7, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940545

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effects of Xiangsha Liu Junzitang (XSLJZ) on gastric emptying rate and expression levels of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and urocortin 2 (UCN2) in rats with functional dyspepsia (FD) due to spleen deficiency. MethodForty-eight 10-day-old male SD rats were randomly divided into the normal group (n=8) and iodoacetamide (IA) group (n=40), and they separately received 2% sucrose solution and 0.1% sucrose solution containing IA for six successive days. Following the removal of mother rats, the three-week-old IA-treated rats were randomized into five groups, namely the model group, mosapride group, and low-, middle-, and high-dose XSLJZ groups, with eight rats in each group. At the age of six weeks, rats in all groups expert for the normal group were modeled by the modified multiple platform method for 14 d. Afterwards, the ones in normal group and model group were treated with 10 mL·kg-1 distilled water, and those in the treatment groups with 1.6×10-3 g·kg-1 mosapride and 2.8, 5.6, and 11.2 g·kg-1 XSLJZ by gavage, respectively, for 14 d. The grasping ability and gastric emptying rate were determined. The histological changes in gastric antrum were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The protein and mRNA expression levels of CRF and UCN2 in gastric antrum were detected by Western blot and real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). ResultNo obvious change or organic lesion was observed in gastric antrum of rats in each group. Compared with the normal group, the model group exhibited lowered gastric emptying rate and grasping ability (P<0.01), up-regulated CRF protein and mRNA expression in gastric antrum (P<0.01), and down-regulated UCN2 protein and mRNA expression (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, XSLJZ at the middle and high doses enhanced the grasping ability and gastric emptying rate (P<0.05, P<0.01) and down-regulated CRF mRNA expression to varying degrees (P<0.05, P<0.01). XSLJZ at the high dose decreased CRF protein expression (P<0.05) and up-regulated UCN2 protein and mRNA expression (P<0.01). ConclusionThe mechanism of XSLJZ in invigorating spleen and promoting gastric motility of FD rats may be related to its reduction of CRF and elevation of UCN2 in gastric antrum.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1840-1844, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929425

ABSTRACT

Seven nucleoside compounds were isolated from the Oenothera biennis L. by various chromatographic techniques such as Diaion HP-20, silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, MCI and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified by analysis of physicochemical properties and spectral data, and determined as 9-(3′-carbonyl methyl)hydroxypurine (1), 1-(3′-carbonyl methyl)purine-6,8-dione (2), N-methyl-2-pyridone-5-carboxamide (3), uracil (4), uridine (5), thymidine (6) and 2′-Ο-methoxy luridine (7). Compound 1 is a new nucleoside and compounds 2-7 were newly isolated from the Oenothera biennis L. Compounds 1-2 can significantly increase the viability of BEAS-2B cells induced by TGF-β1, showing potent anti-pulmonary fibrosis activity.

16.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 5-13, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015520

ABSTRACT

Objective To clarify the protective effect of allopregnanolone (APα) on cell line SH-SY5Y damaged by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) and its possible molecular mechanism. Methods 6-OHDA, APα, γ-aminobutyric acid A receptor (GABAAR) antagonist, voltage-gated L-type Ca2

17.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 548-553, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015431

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of small ubiquitin-like modifier proteins specific protease 3 (SENP3) in microglia of mice with ischemic stroke and its relationship with the progression of ischemic stroke. Methods The experimental animals were divided into control group, ischemic stroke day 1 group and ischemic stroke day 7 group (3 mice per group). The expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), argniase-1 (ARG-1), SENP3 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) phosphorylation levels in the striatum were detected by immunoblotting. The expression of iNOS and ARG-1 in mouse striatum microglia was detected by immunofluorescence double labeling. Results Compared with the control group, the expression of SENP3 and the phosphorylation level of JNK in the ischemic stroke group increased significantly, and the expression of the marker iNOS of Ml type microglia increased significantly. The expression of the marker ARG-1 of M2 type microglia increased significantly in the day 7 group of ischemic stroke. The immunofluorescence double-labeled result of striatum ionized calcium binding adapter molecule 1 (Ibal) and iNOS, Ibal and ARG-1 were consistent with the result of immunoblotting. Conclusion In the early stage of ischemic stroke, the expression of SENP3 in microglia increases, which promote the cerebral inflammatory response by affecting the level of JNK phosphorylation and the polarization of microglia, and participate in the progression of ischemic stroke.

18.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 675-680, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015404

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the method of distinguishing the degree of hypoxic-ischemic brain damage ( HIBD) in living mice in early stage, so as to lay a foundation for the follow-up study of the molecular mechanism of different degrees of HIBD. Methods The modified Rice-Vannucci method was used to duplicate the HIBD model of C57BL/6 J mice. On the 1 day and 3 days after the model, the scalp of mice were cut and the brain tissue were observed to distinguish between mild and severe lesions in living mice, and then 2,3, 5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining, laser speckle cerebral blood flow imaging, HE staining, Fluoro-Jade B ( FJB ) staining and body weight difference before and after operation were used to verify the reliability of observation in living mice. Results Through the gross observation of brain tissue in living mice, HIBD could be divided into mild injury (HI-M) group and severe injury (HI-S) group. On day 1 and day 3 after HIBD, a significant decrease in cerebral blood flow, obvious gray infarction and a large number of necrotic neurons were observed in the HI-S group, and the body weight was significantly lower than that before operation. In the HI-M group, the cerebral blood flow of the injured side decreased only on the 3rd day after HIBD, and the loose arrangement of neurons in the cortex and hippocampus of the injured side was observed morphologically. The body weight was lower than that before operation. Conclusion Gross observation of brain tissue by cutting the scalp is a reliable method to distinguish mild and severe brain injury in the early stage of HIBD in living mice.

19.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 516-522, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014392

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the therapeutic effect of SirTl agonist resveratrol on IgA nephropathy rats and its mechanisms. Methods An IgA nephropathy rat model was established. The rats were divided into four groups randomly: control group, IgA nephropathy group, control treated with Res group and IgA nephropathy treated with Res group. The urine protein was detected by Ponceau S; the biochemical indexes were detected by automatic biochemical analyzer; the pathological changes of kidney were observed by PAS and Masson staining; IgA deposition was observed by immunofluorescence; the expressions of PDGF-B and TGF-fil were detected by immunohistochemistry. Results Compared with IgA nephropathy group, the volume of 24-hour urinary protein and the expression of BUN and Scr in Res group decreased significantly, and the fluorescence of IgA in glomerulus was less in resveratrol group; mesangial cells and matrix proliferated and glomerular volume increased in IgA nephropathy group at the later stage, and both of them were significantly inhibited. Resveratrol could significantly reduce the high expression of PDGF-B and TGF-β1 in IgA nephropathy group. Conclusions Res can inhibit the deposition of IgA immune complex in mesangial region of IgA nephropathy rats and reduce glomerulosclerosis by down-regulating the expression of PDGF-B and TGF-β1, in turn it suppresses cell proliferation in mesangial region. It suggests that resveratrol plays an important role in slowing down the progression of IgA nephropathy.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 283-288, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872622

ABSTRACT

Eight polyacetylenes were isolated from the extract of the stems and leaves of Chrysanthemum morifolium by various chromatographic methods. Their structures were determined as 2E,4E,12Z-tetradecatriene-1-pyrrolidine-1-oxo-8,10-diynoic (1), tetradeca-2E,4E,12E-trien-8,10-diynoic acid pyrrolidide (2), tetradeca-2E,4E-dien-8,10-diynoic acid pyrrolidide (3), tetradeca-2E,4E,10Z-trien-8-ynoic acid pyrrolidide (4), 2E,4E,12E-tetradecatriene-8,10-diynoic acid isobutylamide (5), 2E,4E-undecyldiene-8,10-diynoic acid isobutylamide (6), 2E,4E,10E-N-isobutyl-2,4,10-tetradecatrien-8-ynoic acid amide (7), and undeca-2E,4E-diene-8,10-diynoic acid phenylethylamide (8) by spectroscopic methods, including UV, IR, ESI-MS, HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR spectra. Among them, compound 1 is a new polyacetylene, and compounds 2-8 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Compounds 5-8 inhibited the proliferation of A549 cell significantly at certain concentration, showing potent antitumor activity.

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