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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 111-115, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907022

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the role of the establishment of the trans-regional review system on rational drug use in second-grade general hospital ,and to promote the rational drug use. METHODS With the administrative support of Jiuquan Health Commission,5 second-grade general hospitals in Jiuquan Medical Association jointly established Jiuquan Rational Drug Use Review Training Center . A trans-regional review system was established to carry out cross-review of prescriptions and medical orders among 5 second-grade general hospitals. Totally 1 500 prescriptions and 900 medical records were collected from 5 second-grade general hospitals before (April to June ,2020)and after (July to September ,2020)the implementation of the project. The changes of rational drug use indicators ,the results of prescriptions and medical order review were investigated before and after the implementation of the project. RESULTS After the implementation of the project ,except for one hospital ,the proportion of drugs in other hospitals decreased to varying degrees with the highest decline rate of 22.56% . Compared with before the implementation of the project ,reasonable rate of outpatient and emergency prescription review increased by 5.72% averagely and the reasonable rate of medical order review increased by 10.10%(P<0.05). The average utilization rate of antibiotics in outpatients decreased by 14.45%,the average utilization rate of antibiotics in inpatients decreased by 7.98%,and the average use intensity of antibiotics decreased by 25.19%. CONCLUSIONS Through the establishment of trans-regional review system ,medical institutions can be forced to pay more attention to prescription review ,effectively improve the prescription review of pharmacists in medical institutions,and promote the rational use of drugs in medical institutions in the region. However ,there are still some problems , such as incomplete system coverage ,insufficient work experience ,lagging of informatization ,uneven pharmacist level ,and insufficient assessment and supervision of administrative functional departments.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 381-386, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920888

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differences in platelet and platelet parameters between patients with different types and etiologies of acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) and the influence of platelet and its dynamic change on the prognosis of ACLF patients. Methods Clinical data, liver function parameters, platelet, and platelet parameters were collected from 364 patients with ACLF who attended Tianjin Third Central Hospital from January 2014 to December 2018. Platelet level and platelet parameters (platelet distribution width and mean platelet volume) were compared between the patients with different types and etiologies of ACLF, and their influence on the 90-day mortality rate of ACLF patients was analyzed, as well as the association of the dynamic change of platelet at baseline and on days 7 and 14 after admission with the prognosis of patients. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups; the Kruskal-Wallis H test or Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between groups; the Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis; the univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to analyze the parameters associated with prognosis; the repeated measures analysis of variance was used to analyze the dynamic change of platelet; receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted based on platelet level and overall survival. Results The patients with type C ACLF had a significantly lower platelet level than those with type A/B ACLF (all P < 0.001). Compared with the ACLF patients with hepatitis B, the ACLF patients with autoimmune liver diseases had a significant reduction in mean platelet volume ( P =0.035). Based on the cut-off value obtained by the ROC curve analysis, the patients with a platelet level of < 60.5×10 9 /L had a significantly higher mortality rate than those with a platelet level of ≥60.5×10 9 /L ( P =0.006). Platelet level was an independent protective factor against 90-day death in ACLF patients (hazard ratio=0.995, 95% confidence interval: 0.990-0.999, P =0.026), and the mortality rate increased with the reduction in platelet level. The patients with type C ACLF had a significantly higher mortality rate than those with type A ACLF ( P < 0.05), and the death group tended to have a significantly greater reduction in platelet level ( P < 0.05). Compared with the survival group, the 90-day death group had a significantly greater reduction in platelet ( P =0.032). Conclusion There is a difference in platelet level between ACLF patients with different types. Platelet level is an important indicator for the 90-day prognosis of ACLF patients, and patients with a greater dynamic reduction in platelet tend to have a higher 90-day mortality rate.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901436

ABSTRACT

Background@#The H5 avian influenza viruses (AIVs) of clade 2.3.4.4 circulate in wild and domestic birds worldwide. In 2017, nine strains of H5N6 AIVs were isolated from aquatic poultry in Xinjiang, Northwest China. @*Objectives@#This study aimed to analyze the origin, reassortment, and mutations of the AIV isolates. @*Methods@#AIVs were isolated from oropharyngeal and cloacal swabs of poultry. Identification was accomplished by inoculating isolates into embryonated chicken eggs and performing hemagglutination tests and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The viral genomes were amplified with RT-PCR and then sequenced. The sequence alignment, phylogenetic, and molecular characteristic analyses were performed by using bioinformatic software. @*Results@#Nine isolates originated from the same ancestor. The viral HA gene belonged to clade 2.3.4.4B, while the NA gene had a close phylogenetic relationship with the 2.3.4.4C H5N6 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIVs) isolated from shoveler ducks in Ningxia in 2015. The NP gene was grouped into an independent subcluster within the 2.3.4.4B H5N8 AIVs, and the remaining six genes all had close phylogenetic relationships with the 2.3.4.4B H5N8 HPAIVs isolated from the wild birds in China, Egypt, Uganda, Cameroon, and India in 2016–2017, Multiple basic amino acid residues associated with HPAIVs were located adjacent to the cleavage site of the HA protein. The nine isolates comprised reassortant 2.3.4.4B HPAIVs originating from 2.3.4.4B H5N8 and 2.3.4.4C H5N6 viruses in wild birds. @*Conclusions@#These results suggest that the Northern Tianshan Mountain wetlands in Xinjiang may have a key role in AIVs disseminating from Central China to the Eurasian continent and East African.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880716

ABSTRACT

Midpalatal corticotomy-assisted rapid maxillary expansion (MCRME) is a minimally invasive treatment of maxillary transverse deficiency (MTD) in young adults. However, the effect of MCRME on respiratory function still needs to be determined. In this study, we evaluated the changes in maxillary morphology and the upper airway following MCRME using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Twenty patients with MTD (8 males, 12 females; mean age 20.55 years) had cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images taken before and after MCRME. The CBCT data were used to construct a three-dimensional (3D) upper airway model. The upper airway flow characteristics were simulated using CFD, and measurements were made based on the CBCT images and CFD. The results showed that the widths of the palatal bone and nasal cavity, and the intermolar width were increased significantly after MCRME. The volume of the nasal cavity and nasopharynx increased significantly, while there were no obvious changes in the volumes of the oropharynx and hypopharynx. CFD simulation of the upper airway showed that the pressure drop and maximum velocity of the upper airway decreased significantly after treatment. Our results suggest that in these young adults with MTD, increasing the maxillary width, upper airway volume, and quantity of airflow by MCRME substantially improved upper airway ventilation.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880640

ABSTRACT

Decision-making aid for cancer patients is of great significance in the diagnosis and treatment for diseases. Breast cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in women all over the world, and breast cancer patients have become the main target population for decision-aided research. Application of decision-making assistance for patients in Western countries has developed to a certain extent, while relevant research in China is still at the early stage. There are kinds of intervention forms for patients' decision aids, including traditional brochures and videos, decision aids systems, decision coaching, multidisciplinary breast cancer teams, etc. The tools for decision-making quality evaluation include the patients' awareness for decision-making, participation, decision-making conflict, decision-making satisfaction, decision-making regret, which can provide important guidance for the application of decision-making aid treatment in breast cancer patients in the future.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/therapy , China , Decision Making , Emotions , Female , Humans , Personal Satisfaction
6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1241-1245, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876893

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the m ethod for the simultaneous determination of 6 carbohydrate related substances in glucose as fructose ,maltose,isomaltose,maltotriose,maltotetraose and maltopentaose. METHODS :HPLC-ELSD was adopted. The determine was performed on XBridge Amide column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-water (75∶25,V/V)at a flow rate of 0.5 mL/min. The column temperature was set at 30 ℃,and the sample size was 10 L. The detector was evaporative light scattering detector ,the carrier gas was nitrogen ,the gas pressure was 40 psi,the evaporation temperature was 80 ℃,the drift tube temperature was 80 ℃,and the gain was 100. RESULTS :The linear range of 6 carbohydrate related substances were 5.99-59.88, 9.90-98.96,9.92-99.19,5.97-59.74,4.03-40.32,5.89-58.89 μg/mL(r>0.999 0). The quantitation limits were 1.5,1.5,1.5,3.0, 3.0 and 3.0 μg/mL,respectively. The detection limits were 0.5,0.5,0.5,1.0,1.0,1.0 μg/mL,respectively. RSDs of precision , stability(12 h)and reproducibility tests were all lower than 2.0%. The average recoveries were 95.87%-98.59%(RSD=1.04%,n= 9),95.66%-99.84%(RSD=1.20%,n=9),96.11%-98.97%(RSD=1.04%,n=9),95.06%-99.11%(RSD=1.25%,n=9), 95.69%-98.22%(RSD=0.83%,n=9),95.34%-98.56%(RSD=1.01%,n=9). The contents of 6 carbohydrate related substances in 9 batches of glucose were 1.26-2.22,2.55-3.36,2.37-3.37,1.28-2.01,0-2.11 and 0-1.89 mg/g,respectively. CONCLUSIONS : Established method is accurate and sensitive ,and can be used for the detection of carbohydrate related substances in glucose.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874621

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease, which the mechanisms behind its initiation and development are related to many factors. DMSCs (dermal mesenchymal stem cells) represent an important member of the skin microenvironment and play an important role in the surrounding environment and in neighbouring cells, but they are also affected by the microenvironment. We studied the glucose metabolism of DMSCs in psoriasis patients and a control group to reveal the relationship among glucose metabolism, cell proliferation activity,and VEC (vascular endothelial cell) differentiation in vitro, we demonstrated the biological activity and molecular mechanisms of DMSCs in psoriasis. @*Methods@#and Results: We found that the OCR of DMSCs in psoriatic lesions was higher than that in the control group, and mRNA of GLUT1 and HK2 were up-regulated compared with the control group. The proliferative activity of DMSCs in psoriasis was reduced at an early stage, and mRNA involved in proliferation, JUNB and FOS were expressed at lower levels than those in the control group. The number of blood vessels in psoriatic lesions was significantly higher than that in the control group (p<0.05), which the mRNA of VEC differentiation, CXCL12, CXCR7, HEYL and RGS5 tended to be increased in psoriatic lesions compared to the control group, in addition to Notch3. @*Conclusions@#We speculated that DMSCs affected local psoriatic blood vessels through glucose metabolism, and the differentiation of VECs, which resulted in the pathophysiological process of psoriasis.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2419-2425, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886966

ABSTRACT

italic>α-Glucosidase inhibitors play an important role in the treatment of diabetes. This study established a high-resolution bioassay profiling platform for rapidly screening α-glucosidase inhibitors in natural product extracts. Five α-glucosidase inhibitors were identified from Malus hupehensis, namely, 3-hydroxyphloridzin, quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, phloridzin, avicularin and quercitrin. The establishment and successful application of this platform provides a powerful tool for the efficient discovery of anti-diabetic active ingredients in complex systems.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886851

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the surgical technique and preliminary results of endoscopic nipple-sparing mastectomy (E-NSM) and immediate pre-pectoral implant-based breast reconstruction (BR) with titanium-coated polypropylene mesh (TiLoop Bra) via single axillary incision for breast cancer patients. Methods    The clinical data of 9 consecutive female patients who underwent E-NSM and immediate pre-pectoral implant-based BR with TiLoop Bra from  March to May 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The mean age of patients was 40.6 (22-60) years. The operation time, early complications were collected, and the patients' social and mental health, breast satisfaction and chest function before and after the operation were assessed with the BREAST-Q questionnaire. Results    All the patients had unicentric tumor with a mean diameter of 2.4 (0.6-4.7) cm. The mean distance from the tumor to the nipple was 2.5 (2-4) cm. There were 2 patients with tumor stage 0 and 7 patients with stageⅠ. The mean operation time was 161.1 (125-201) min, the mean blood loss was 41.1 mL and the hospital stay time was 1.5 d. There were 5 patients in the day-care unit. All the patients were successfully followed up with a median follow-up time of 1 (1-2) month. One (11.1%) patient with depigmentation of the nipple-areola complex caused by mild ischemia. None of the patients had incision complications, subcutaneous emphysema, hematoma, infection, nipple-areola or skin flaps necrosis, implant loss. During the follow-up period, no local/regional recurrence or distant metastasis was found. Chest well-being was decreased in the first month after the surgery compared with preoperative status, and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.001). There was no statistical difference in the breast satisfaction or psychosocial function scores between pre- and post-operation (P>0.05). Conclusion    E-NSM and immediate pre-pectoral implant-based BR with TiLoop Bra via single axillary incision has minimal trauma, rapid postoperative recovery, short operation time, few early complications and good early cosmetic effect, and the short-term result is satisfactory.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885563

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and molecular genetic characteristics of 6q24-related transient neonatal diabetes mellitus (6q24-TNDM).Methods:The clinical data of two neonates with 6q24-TNDM admitted to Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University in 2017, were retrospectively collected. The methylation levels of 16 cytidine-phosphate-guanosine (CpG) sites from the methylated differentially modified region (DMR) in 6q24 were quantitatively analyzed by pyrosequencing.Results:Case 1, aged 5 d, was born at 37 +4 gestational weeks due to fetal growth restriction, and case 2 was 11-days old and born at 38 +2 gestational weeks. Both infants were male and small for age. They were born through a cesarean section. The birth weight of case 1 and case 2 were 2 340 g and 2 600 g, respectively. They were admitted due to hyperglycemia with blood glucose of 12.95 and 8.00 mmol/L on admission, respectively. Physical examination showed slightly poor skin elasticity and thin subcutaneous fat. Laboratory examination revealed lower serum insulin (<1.39 and 3.94 pmol/L) and peptide C (0.05 and 0.14 nmol/L) levels, positive results of urine glucose, negative tests for urine ketone, serum anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody, anti-insulin antibody, and islet cell antibody in both cases. Normal size of the pancreas was observed by ultrasonography. The infants were improved and were discharged after subcutaneous insulin infusion for more than two weeks. The treatment was discontinued at 69 d and 42 d postnatally for case 1 and case 2. Prenatal diagnosis of the two infants showed normal karyotypes and uniparental disomy of chromosome 6 indicated by single nucleotide polymorphism chip. No pathogenic mutations were detected by next-generation sequencing after admission. The methylation levels of 16 CpG sites in DMR of 6q24 in the two cases, which were quantitatively analyzed by pyrosequencing, were lower than 10% (normal value in healthy matched controls: 40%), indicating an obvious hypomethylation. Conclusions:For children with TNDM who are small for gestational age at birth, presenting hyperglycemia with decreased serum insulin and C-peptide levels, pyrosequencing can be used to quantitatively analyze the methylation levels of CpG sites in 6q24 DMR, which can quickly and directly assist in the diagnosis of 6q24-TNDM, thereby contributing to the treatment and prognosis assessment.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885118

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of a case of diabetic ketoacidosis with FOXP3 mutation identified by genetic test were collected and summarized. The follow-up results and clinical characteristics of 18 months after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were analyzed. The male patient was 3 years and 5 months old. At the age of 5 months, the patient was diagnosed as diabetic ketoacidosis due to mental malaise and vomiting, followed by severe diarrhea, repeated eczema, and nephrotic syndrome, which was confirmed as IPEX syndrome due to FOXP3 gene mutation by genetic test. In August 2018, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was carried out in the Hematology Department of our hospital. During 18 months of follow-up, the patients′ autoimmune status was ameliorated, no new autoimmune diseases appeared, the blood glucose control was significantly improved, and the insulin dosage was significantly reduced.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885081

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of renal glucose threshold and related factors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Methods:According to the cut-off point of normal renal glucose threshold(RT G 8.9-10 mmol/L), 107 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus hospitalized in the Endocrinology Department of our hospital were divided into three groups: high RT G group(RT G>10 mmol/L), medium RT G group(8.9 mmol/L≤RT G≤10 mmol/L), and low RT G group(RT G<8.9 mmol/L). The clinical data and biochemical characteristics of each group were collected and analyzed. Results:The proportions of patients with high, medium, and low RT G of type 2 diabetes mellitus were 56%, 29%, and 15%, respectively. There were significant differences in RT G value, age, course of disease, body mass index(BMI), fasting plasma glucose(FPG), HbA 1C, total cholesterol(TC), serum creatinine, mean blood glucose(MBG), and 24-hour urine glucose between high and medium RT G groups. RT G, gender, BMI, FPG, HbA 1C, TC, and MBG in patients with high RT G group were different from those in low RT G group. Only RT G revealed a difference between medium and low RT G groups. Correlation analysis showed that RT G was positively correlated with gender, age, BMI, HbA 1C, TC, and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol(LDL-C). Regression analysis showed that BMI, HbA 1C, and LDL-C were the related factors affecting the RT G of patients with type 2 diabetes. Conclusion:There is a larger proportion of patients with high RT G in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Their BMI, HbA 1C, and LDL-C are associated with RT G in the patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 677-686, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884760

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of superb microvascular imagingin monitoring angiogenesis in the treatment of chronic ischemic diseases of lower limbs by tibial transverse transport.Methods:From May 2019 to December 2020, 12 patients with ischemic diseases of lower limbs who received tibial transverse transport therapy were retrospectively analyzed, including 7 male patients and 5 female patients, aged 30-86 years, with an average age of 64.0±16.6 years. Among them, there were 10 patients with diabetic foot, with a disease course of 5-30 years (mean 14.4±8.3 years), and 2 patients with arteriosclerosis obliterans. The results of lower extremity superb microvascular imaging before and after treatment were recorded and compared.Results:After treatment, 12 patients were found to have obvious new vessels around the artery of lower extremity, the number of vessels 1-8, the average number of 3.25±2.73. We found that a total of 12 patients 20 inherent lower limb artery collateral established, collateral circulation was found around 12 dorsal metatarsal artery (DMA) in 11 patients, around 3 dorsal pedis artery (DPA) in 2 patients, around 3 anterior tibial artery (ATA) in 2 patients, and around 1 posterior tibial artery (PTA) in 2 patients. The lateral branches were established in ipsilateral lower limbs in 6 patients, contralateral lower limbs in 2 patients, and bilateral lower limbs in 4 patients.Conclusion:The phenomenon of angiogenesis is obvious in the clinical application of tibial transverse transport. Superb microvascular imaging can effectively reflect the degree of promoting the establishment of collateral circulation by tibial transverse transport.

14.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 198-202, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884031

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mechanism of sinomenine (SIN) in inducing the immunosuppressive effects of rat-derived dendritic cells (DCs).Methods:The bone marrow-derived precursor cells from Wistar rats were cultured in vitro. The morphological differences between sinomenine treated DCs (sinomenine modified group, SIN group) and conventional induced DCs (conventional induced group, control group) were observed under microscope. The CD phenotype of DCs was detected by flow cytometry. DCs were induced maturation by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) stimulation. The impact of SIN on the expressions of Toll-like receptor (TLR)2, TLR3 and TLR4 on the DCs surface were detected by flow cytometry. Results:In the conventional induction group, the cells showed clusters or suspension growth, with obvious granular sense on the cell surface; while in the sinomenine induction group, the cells were clustered together, with no significant change in cell volume and morphology. The relative expressions of CD80 and CD86 were 70.7% and 71.3% in the conventional induction group, while 51.7% and 49.4% in the SIN group. The relative expression of TLRs on DCs in SIN + LPS group was TLR2 (51.2±0.34)%, TLR3 (50.3±0.14)%, TLR4 (52.1±0.16)%, which were significantly lower than those in LPS group [(94.35±0.16)%, (97.55±0.16)%, (94.6±0.12)%].Conclusions:SIN may induce immune tolerance by inhibiting the maturation of DCs via inhibiting the TLRs signaling pathways.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883152

ABSTRACT

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia(BPD) is a common chronic respiratory disease in preterm infants.Severe BPD(sBPD) features a high mortality rate, while for survivors, sBPD usually results in developmental retardation of the nervous system, cardiovascular complications, and long-term respiratory problems that affect the quality of life.At present, there are no effective treatment measures, and comprehensive treatments are adeptly more commonly, including nutritional support, fluid restriction, respiratory support, glucocorticoids, pulmonary surfactants and so on.Yet the effectiveness and safety of these treatments are still controversial.The article reviewed the current status of sBPD management.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883108

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the effect of improved supine position on the prevention of pressure injuries of emergency patients under observation and their comfort levels.Methods:A total of 114 patients in our Emergency Observation Ward were randomly divided into the intervention group and control group, 57 patients in each. Patients in the control group were treated with routine supine position and pressure injury prevention nursing; while patients in the intervention group were treated with improved supine position nursing intervention. Then, the incidence of pressure injury, its risk score and its comfort evaluation were compared between patients under observation in the two groups.Results:The incidence of pressure injury of the intervention group was obviously lower than that in the control group ( Z value was -2.426, P<0.05). The scores of sensation, humidity, activity, friction and shear force of patients in the intervention group were 3.36 ± 0.59, 2.92 ± 0.47, 3.21 ± 0.52 and 2.61 ± 0.29 respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group, specifically 2.87 ± 0.51, 2.24 ± 0.38, 2.76 ± 0.44 and 2.04 ± 0.32. The difference was statistically significant ( t value was 4.74-9.96, P<0.01). In addition, the scores of the physiological and psychological comfort level of patients in the prevention group were 15.41±2.49 and 27.26 ± 3.42 respectively, which were significantly higher than 11.01±1.97 and 22.14± 3.23 in the control group. The difference was statistically significant ( t value was 10.46, 8.21, P<0.05). Conclusions:The improved supine position nursing method can effectively lower the occurrence of pressure injury in emergency patients under observation and enhance patients’ comfort degree. Therefore, it is applicable to emergency patients under observation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883098

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of therapeutic communication on infusion safety, disease uncertainty, coping styles, anxiety and depression in patients with emergency infusion.Methods:A total of 126 patients treated with infusion patients in emergency department in Jiangsu Provincial People's Hospital, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from July 2019 to December 2019 were selected and divided into two groups by random digits table method with 63 cases in each group. Patients in the control group received routine nursing, and patients in the intervention group received therapeutic communication nursing intervention on this basis. The incidence of adverse events of infusion during the intervention of the two groups of patients was observed. The disease uncertainty, coping styles, anxiety and depression were evaluated by Mishel's Uncertainty in Illness Scale (MUIS), Medical Coping Mode Questionnaire (MCMQ), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-rating Depressive Scale (SDS) before and after intervention.Results:The final collection of 109 patients with complete questionnaire, the recovery rate was 86.51% (109/126), including 55 cases in the intervention group, 54 cases in the control group. The incidence of adverse events of infusion was 16.36%(9/55) in the intervention group and 29.63%(16/54) in the control group, and there was significant difference( χ2 value was 5.057, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the score of MUIS, MCMQ, SAS, SDS before the intervention between the two groups ( P>0.05). After the intervention, the uncertainty, unpredictability, lack of information and complexity dimension of the intervention group patients' MUIS scores were respectively (17.76 ± 2.49), (12.03 ± 2.51), (11.82 ± 2.12), (11.74 ± 2.24), which were lower than those in the control group (24.72 ± 2.94), (16.31 ± 2.27), (16.13 ± 2.51), (15.39 ± 2.31), the differences were significant( t values were -13.346- -8.375, P<0.05). The confront score of the intervention group patients' MCMQ was (19.13 ± 2.62) higher than that in the control group(13.79 ± 1.96), the avoidance and yield scores were respectively (8.71 ± 1.34), (9.81 ± 1.17), which were lower than those in the control group (14.57 ± 1.93), (15.12 ± 1.86), the differences were significant( t values were 12.031, -18.441, -17.875, P<0.05). The scores of SAS and SDS in the intervention group were (29.43 ± 3.62), (27.67 ± 3.11) respectively, which were lower than those in the control group (37.44 ± 5.31), (40.12 ± 4.92), the differences were significant( t values were -9.216, -15.821, P<0.05). Conclusions:Therapeutic communication can reduce the risk of emergency infusion, reduce the uncertainty of patients to the disease, improve patients' countermeasures to the disease, relieve patients' anxiety and depression, and improve the nursing quality of emergency infusion patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882861

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA MALAT1, interleukin 6(IL-6) and apoptosis induced factor(AIF) in peripheral venous blood of premature infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and its clinical significance.Methods:Preterm infants admitted to the Department of Neonatology, Shanghai Children′s Hospital from January 2015 to December 2016 were enrolled.The selection criteria included gestational age (GA) ≥28 weeks and ≤32 weeks, and birth weight (BW) < 1 500 g. According to the diagnosis, they were divided into BPD group (20 cases) and control group (20 cases). The clinical data of the two groups of premature infants were collected and analyzed, and the levels of MALAT1, IL-6 and AIF in the blood of 40 premature infants were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). T test was used to compare gestational age, birth weight, MALAT1, IL-6 and AIF between the two groups. Results:(1)There was no significant differences in sex ( χ2=1.76), gestational age ( t= 0.17) and birth weight ( t=1.25) of premature infants in BPD group, compared with the control group (all P >0.05). (2)Compared with the control group, the expression of MALAT1 in the peripheral blood of premature infants in BPD group were significantly increased (0.273 4±0.067 3 vs. 0.375 5±0.081 9, P<0.05). (3)Compared with the control group, the expression of IL-6 in the peripheral blood of premature infants in BPD group were obviously decreased (1.448 8±0.191 8 vs.4.444 6±0.165 7, P<0.05). (4)Compared with the control group, the expression of AIF in the peripheral blood of premature infants in BPD group were remarkably decreased(0.006 8±0.002 0 vs.0.004 5±0.001 9, P<0.05). Conclusions:MALAT1 and IL-6 levels of long non-coding RNA in BPD and non-BPD preterm infants are different, which may be related to the incidence of BPD.IL-6 may be a predictor of BPD, and MALAT1 may protect premature infants with BPD.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical features and experience in diagnosis and treatment of subglottic cysts in children.Methods:The clinical data of 5 children with subglottic cysts admitted in Qilu Children′s Hospital of Shandong University from April 2018 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Among the 5 patients, 2 cases were premature infants and 3 cases were full term infants.All patients had an endotracheal intubation history.One patient was asymptomatic.Four patients had laryngeal stridor, 2 cases of whom were accompanied by hoarseness and dyspnea.These 2 patients were used to be misdiagnosed with laryngomalacia, laryngitis, etc.Bronchoscopy revealed subglottic gray-white cyst-like lesions, and enhanced CT showed low density without enhancement.All patients were treated with laser and forceps, and bronchoscope was applied in the follow up period for 5-12 weeks.There was no recurrence or subglottic stenosis.Conclusions:Laryngeal stridor in children with a history of endotracheal intubation must be examined by bronchoscopy in time to find out whether there is subglottic cysts.Laser therapy is an effective treatment for subglottic cysts.

20.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 26-32, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881965

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the therapeutic effect of tetrandrine(TET) on silicosis model rats and its toxic effect on liver and kidney function. METHODS: The specific pathogen free healthy male Wistar rats were randomly divided into the control group, the model group and the TET group, with 14 rats in each group. By un-exposure tracheal injection method, the rats in the model and TET groups were given one-time tracheal infusion of free silicon dioxide suspension with a mass concentration of 50 g/L to establish the rat model of silicosis. Rats in the control group were infused with 1 mL of 0.9% sodium chloride solution with the same method. On the second day after the model was established, the TET group was given 30 mg/kg body mass of TET solution by gavage. The other two groups were given the same amount of 0.9% sodium chloride solution. The treatment was once per day, six times per week. Seven rats in each group were sacrificed on the 28 th and 56 th days after modeling. The morphological change of the lung, liver and kidney tissues of each group was observed. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect the level of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1), interleukin(IL)-1β and IL-6, in the lung tissues of rats in each group. The activities of aminotransferase(ALT), aspartate aminotransferase(AST) and the levels blood urea nitrogen(BUN), creatinine(CRE) were detected by automatic biochemical analyzer. RESULTS: The lung organ coefficients of rats in the TET group were lower than those of the model group on the 28 th and 56 th days(all P<0.05). The lung organ coefficient of the rats in the TET group on the 56 th day was higher than that in the same group on the 28 th day(P<0.05). The lung tissue structure of the control group was normal. After modeling, the lung tissues of rats in model group showed different degrees of pathological changes such as alveolar structure destruction, inflammatory cell infiltration, and fibrosis on the 28 th and 56 th days. The degree of pathological changes in TET group was less than that of the model group. In the lung tissues of rats in the model group, the levels of TNF-α, TGF-β1, IL-1β and IL-6 were higher than those of the control group(all P<0.01). The levels of TNF-α, TGF-β1, IL-1β and IL-6 in the lung tissues of rats in the TET group were lower than that of the model group(all P<0.01), but there was no statistically significant difference when compared with the control group(all P>0.05). The activities of ALT and AST in the TET group were higher than those in the model group and the control group(all P<0.01). The level of serum BUN in TET group was higher than that in control group(P<0.01), but it showed no statistical difference when compared with the control group(P>0.05). The level of serum CRE in each group showed no significant difference(P>0.05). There were no abnormal pathological changes found in the liver and kidney tissues of rats in each group at different times. CONCLUSION: TET can reduce the inflammatory response in silicosis rats and improve lung tissue fibrosis; however, the therapeutic dose may have certain toxicity to the liver and kidney of the silicosis rats.

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