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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 288-303, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016367

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To examined gene mutations in thymic carcinoma (TC) patients and to explore prognostic correlates and potential targets for therapy. Methods We retrospectively included TC patients in Sichuan Cancer Hospital between January 2015 and Febuary 2021.Whole-exome sequencing was performed on tumor tissues from TC patients and their control peripheral blood samples, and the raw data were subjected to bioinformatics analysis and statistical analysis. Results We finally included 24 TC patients with 16 males and 8 females at a median age of 55 (42-74) years. The highest frequency of single nucleotide mutations in this cohort were in the TTN gene (42%), HSPG2 (29%), and OBSCN (29%). Higher frequency of copy number variations occurred in ZNF276 gene (54%, loss), BEND3 (50%, loss), DHODH (50%, loss), and VAC14 (50%, loss). Microsatellite instability (MSI) phenotype was found in 25% of the patients, and the mean tumor mutation burden (TMB) was 9.86. Conclusion This study is the first comprehensive analysis of the mutation profile of thymic carcinoma in China to date. The mutation frequencies of TTN, OBSCN, and ZNF276 genes were high. The biomarker analysis suggests that patients may benefit from immunotherapy and have a long effective survival.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 11-25, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014564

ABSTRACT

AIM: To predict the core targets and related signaling pathways of Yi-xin-yin oral liquid for the treatment of arrhythmia, heart failure and myocarditis based on UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS, network pharmacology, molecular docking methods, cell experiments, according to the“homotherapy for heteropathy”theory in traditional Chinese medicine. METHODS: UHPLC-Q-TOF / MS was used to analyze and identify the chemical composition of Yi-xin-yin oral liquid Extract and the blood-absorbing components of rats oral administrated with Yi-xin-yin oral liquid extract, which compounds were applied in the databases searching for the potential targets (TCMSP, SwissTargetPrediction) and disease targets (OMIM, Genecard). Venn diagram was used for target intersection, and the subsequent protein-protein interaction network obtained core targets by STRING11.5 database, and then construct a "disease-component-target" network by cytoscape3.9.0. Finally, DAVID database was used to analysis GO function and KEGG enrichment analysis of core targets, and molecular docking validation was performed using Autodock vina software. And, validated with H9c2 cells for potential active ingredients and targets. RESULTS: A total of 156 compounds were identified from Yi - xin-yin Oral Liquid extract; 34 compounds were identified from rat serum, including 6-gin-gerol, isoliquiritigenin, glycyrrhizic acid and other compounds, and 139 intersecting targets were obtained. The KEGG pathway enrichment analysis mainly involved the TNF signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway and so on. The TNF and IL-6 targets were selected for molecular docking with the main compounds, and the docking results were good (less than -5 kcal/mol). In vitro cellular experiments have shown that Yi-xin-yin oral liquid can exert therapeutic effects by regulating TNF and IL-6. CONCLUSION: The main potential active ingredients of Yi-xin-yin oral liquid may be isoliquiritigenin, glycyrrhetinic acid, calycosin-7-glucoside, salvianolic acid B, and 6-gingerol, which mainly act on TNF, IL-6 and other targets to regulate specific signaling pathways and exert therapeutic effects.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 224-228, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013629

ABSTRACT

In addition to providing energy for cells, mitochondria also participate in calcium homeostasis, cell information transfer, cell apoptosis, cell growth and differentiation. Therefore, maintaining mitochondrial homeostasis is very crucial for the body to carry out normal life activities. Ubiquitination, a post-translational modification of proteins, is involved in various physiological and pathological processes of cells by regulating mitochondrial homeostasis. However, the mechanism by which ubiquitination regulates mitochondrial homeostasis has not been summarized, especially the effect of Parkin protein on cardiovascular diseases. In this paper, the specific mechanism of mitochondrial homeostasis regulated by ubiquitination of Parkin protein is discussed, and the influence of mitochondrial homeostasis imbalance on cardiovascular diseases is reviewed, with a view to providing potential therapeutic strategies for the clinical treatment of cardiovascular diseases.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 249-257, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003787

ABSTRACT

Osteoporosis (OP) is a systemic metabolic bone disease characterized by bone microstructure degeneration and bone mass loss, which has a high prevalence and disability rate. Effective prevention and treatment of OP is a major difficulty in the medical community. The nature of OP is that multiple pathological factors lead to the imbalance of human bone homeostasis maintained by osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Ferroptosis is a non-apoptotic cell death pathway, and its fundamental cause is cell damage caused by iron accumulation and lipid peroxidation. Studies have shown that ferroptosis is involved in and affects the occurrence and development of OP, which leads to OP by mediating the imbalance of bone homeostasis. Ferroptosis is an adjustable form of programmed cell death. The intervention of ferroptosis can regulate the damage degree and death process of osteoblasts and osteoclasts, which is beneficial to maintain bone homeostasis, slow down the development process of OP, improve the clinical symptoms of patients, reduce the risk of disability, and improve their quality of life. However, there are few studies on ferroptosis in OP. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a medical treasure with unique characteristics and great application value in China. It has been widely used in China and has a long history. It has the multi-target and multi-pathway advantages in the treatment of OP, with high safety, few toxic and side effects, and low treatment cost, and has a significant effect in clinical application. The intervention of TCM in ferroptosis to regulate bone homeostasis may be a new direction for the prevention and treatment of OP in the future. This article summarized the regulatory mechanisms related to ferroptosis, discussed the role of ferroptosis in bone homeostasis, and reviewed the current status and progress of active ingredients in TCM compounds and monomers in the regulation of OP through ferroptosis, so as to provide a theoretical basis for the participation of TCM in the prevention and treatment of OP in the future.

5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 218-225, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003784

ABSTRACT

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common disease in clinical practice. It is associated with obvious exposure to toxic particles or gases and has become the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. The pathogenesis of COPD is complex, and the oxidative stress involved in COPD plays a crucial role in the pathological process of the disease. Patients with COPD usually have high levels of oxidative stress in the lungs, which will affect the whole body for a long time, causing a variety of complications and accelerating the development of the disease. On the one hand, oxidative stress can directly damage the airway and lung tissue. On the other hand, it also drives other pathological mechanisms to jointly promote the development of disease, such as participating in inflammatory reactions and protease/anti-protease imbalance, promoting mucus secretion, accelerating cellular senescence, causing autoimmunity, and involving in genetic regulatory pathways. At present, western medicine treatment is mostly based on conventional drug treatment, and antioxidant-targeted oxidative stress is adopted, but there are still some challenges in efficacy and safety. Traditional Chinese medicine has a long history of preventing and treating COPD. In particular, Chinese herbal medicine formulas have great potential to interfere with the oxidative stress of COPD. Whether it is the modified classical traditional Chinese medicine or the new formulation developed by modern doctors, the research results reflect the multi-target and multi-channel advantages of traditional Chinese medicine treatment, and their efficacy and safety are gradually verified. This paper reviewed the literature in recent years, starting with the basic and clinical research on the intervention of traditional Chinese herbal medicine formulas on oxidative stress of COPD, so as to provide further ideas for related research on the prevention and treatment of oxidative stress of COPD by traditional Chinese medicine.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 172-178, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003422

ABSTRACT

By combing the application and funding situation of general, young scholar and regional scholar programs from National Natural Science Foundation of China(NSFC) in field of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine in 2023, this paper summarizes the distribution of supporting units, application and funding hotspots, and the problems of application and funding projects in this discipline, in order to provide a reference for applicants and supporting organizations to understand the hotspot dynamics and reporting requirements of the discipline. In 2023, the discipline of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine received a total of 2 793 applications, and there were 1 254 applications for general programs, 1 278 applications for young scholar programs, and 261 applications for regional scholar programs. The amounts of project funding obtained by the three were 145, 164 and 35, respectively, and the funding rates were 11.56%, 12.83% and 13.41% in that order. From the situation of obtaining funding, the age distribution of the project leaders who obtained funding for the general, young scholar and regional scholar programs were mainly distributed in the age of 40-46, 30-34, 38-44 years, respectively. Within the supported programs, the Chinese medicine affiliations accounted for 55.52%. With respect to research subjects, the proportion of one single Chinese herbs, or monomers, or extracts accounted for 29.4%, but the proportion of Chinese herb pairs or prescriptions accounted for 47.1%. Research hotspots included ferroptosis, bile acid metabolism, macrophages, mitochondria, microglia, exosomes, intestinal flora, microecology and so on. The current research mainly focused on the common key problems of the advantageous diseases of Chinese and western integrative medicine, but still need to be improved in the basic theories of Chinese and western medicine and multidisciplinary cross-disciplinary research.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 79-90, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003411

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the mechanism of Bushen Huoxue enema in treating the rat model of kidney deficiency and blood stasis-thin endometrium (KDBS-TE) by transcriptome sequencing. MethodThe rat model of KDBS-TE was established by administration of tripterygium polyglycosides tablets combined with subcutaneous injection of adrenaline. The pathological changes of rat endometrium in each group were then observed. Three uterine tissue specimens from each of the blank group, model group, and Bushen Huoxue enema group were randomly selected for transcriptome sequencing. The differentially expressed circRNAs, lncRNAs, and miRNAs were screened, and the disease-related specific competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulatory network was constructed. Furthermore, the gene ontology (GO) functional annotation and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment were performed for the mRNAs in the network. ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group showed endometrial dysplasia, decreased endometrial thickness and endometrial/total uterine wall thickness ratio (P<0.01), and differential expression of 18 circRNAs, 410 lncRNAs, and 7 miRNAs. Compared with the model group, the enema and estradiol valerate groups showed improved endometrial morphology and increased endometrial thickness and ratio of endometrial to total uterine wall thickness (P<0.05). In addition, 21 circRNAs, 518 lncRNAs, and 17 miRNAs were differentially expressed in the enema group. The disease-related specific circRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network composed of 629 nodes and 664 edges contained 2 circRNAs, 34 miRNAs, and 593 mRNAs. The lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network composed of 180 nodes and 212 edges contained 5 lncRNAs, 10 miRNAs, and 164 mRNAs. The mNRAs were mainly enriched in Hippo signaling pathway, autophagy-animal, axon guidance, etc. ConclusionBushen Huoxue enema can treat KDBS-TE in rats by regulating specific circRNAs, lncRNAs, and miRNAs in the uterus and the ceRNA network.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 97-104, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007737

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) criteria were published to build a global consensus on nutritional diagnosis. Reduced muscle mass is a phenotypic criterion with strong evidence to support its inclusion in the GLIM consensus criteria. However, there is no consensus regarding how to accurately measure and define reduced muscle mass in clinical settings. This study aimed to investigate the optimal reference values of skeletal muscle mass index for diagnosing sarcopenia and GLIM-defined malnutrition, as well as the prevalence of GLIM-defined malnutrition in hospitalized cirrhotic patients.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study was conducted on 1002 adult patients with liver cirrhosis between January 1, 2018, and February 28, 2022, at Beijing You-An Hospital, Capital Medical University. Adult patients with a clinical diagnosis of liver cirrhosis and who underwent an abdominal computed tomography (CT) examination during hospitalization were included in the study. These patients were randomly divided into a modeling group (cohort 1, 667 patients) and a validation group (cohort 2, 335 patients). In cohort 1, optimal cut-off values of skeletal muscle index at the third lumbar skeletal muscle index (L3-SMI) were determined using receiver operating characteristic analyses against in-hospital mortality in different gender groups. Next, patients in cohort 2 were screened for nutritional risk using the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002), and malnutrition was diagnosed by GLIM criteria. Additionally, the reference values of reduced muscle mass in GLIM criteria were derived from the L3-SMI values from cohort 1. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the association between GLIM-defined malnutrition and clinical outcomes.@*RESULTS@#The optimal cut-off values of L3-SMI were 39.50 cm 2 /m 2 for male patients and 33.06 cm 2 /m 2 for female patients. Based on the cut-off values, 31.63% (68/215) of the male patients and 23.3% (28/120) of the female patients had CT-determined sarcopenia in cohort 2. The prevalence of GLIM-defined malnutrition in cirrhotic patients was 34.3% (115/335) and GLIM-defined malnutrition was an independent risk factor for in-hospital mortality in patients with liver cirrhosis ( Wald = 6.347, P  = 0.012).@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study provided reference values for skeletal muscle mass index and the prevalence of GLIM-defined malnutrition in hospitalized patients with liver cirrhosis. These reference values will contribute to applying the GLIM criteria in cirrhotic patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Leadership , Liver Cirrhosis , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Nutritional Status , Retrospective Studies , Sarcopenia/diagnosis
9.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 5-5, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010718

ABSTRACT

Bone formation and deposition are initiated by sensory nerve infiltration in adaptive bone remodeling. Here, we focused on the role of Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A), expressed by sensory nerves, in mechanical loads-induced bone formation and nerve withdrawal using orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) model. Firstly, bone formation was activated after the 3rd day of OTM, coinciding with a decrease in sensory nerves and an increase in pain threshold. Sema3A, rather than nerve growth factor (NGF), highly expressed in both trigeminal ganglion and the axons of periodontal ligament following the 3rd day of OTM. Moreover, in vitro mechanical loads upregulated Sema3A in neurons instead of in human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs) within 24 hours. Furthermore, exogenous Sema3A restored the suppressed alveolar bone formation and the osteogenic differentiation of hPDLCs induced by mechanical overload. Mechanistically, Sema3A prevented overstretching of F-actin induced by mechanical overload through ROCK2 pathway, maintaining mitochondrial dynamics as mitochondrial fusion. Therefore, Sema3A exhibits dual therapeutic effects in mechanical loads-induced bone formation, both as a pain-sensitive analgesic and a positive regulator for bone formation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Remodeling , Cell Differentiation , Osteogenesis , Semaphorin-3A/pharmacology , Trigeminal Ganglion/metabolism
10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 188-195, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993792

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the features as well as the diagnosis and differential diagnosis values by conventional MRI morphometrics in different clinical subtypes of progressive supranuclear palsy(PSP).Methods:Forty five patients with PSP were included, comprising three PSP subtypes: 15 cases of Richardson's syndrome(PSP-RS), 15 cases of Parkinson's syndrome(PSP-P)and 15 cases of progressive frozen gait(PSP-PFG). In addition, three control groups were established: 15 cases of multiple system atrophy-Parkinson's syndrome(MSA-P), 30 cases of primary Parkinson's disease(PD)and 40 healthy controls(HC). Midbrain area-to-Pons area ratio(M/P), Magnetic Resonance Parkinsonism Index(MRPI, MRPI2.0), width ratio of middle cerebellar peduncle to superior cerebellar peduncle(MCP/SCP), Midbrain-to-Pons ratio(MTPR), Angle of cerebral peduncle(A cp), third ventricle width/frontal horns width ratio(V 3rd/FH), and Humming bird sign rating scale(HBS-RS)scores were calculated.Diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were performed by ROC curve to assess the accuracy of these imaging indicators in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of PSP and its subtypes. Results:The MRPI, MRPI2.0, MCP/SCP and HBS-RS scores were significantly higher in PSP group than in other control groups( H=69.351, 66.776, 33.926 and 84.694, all P<0.05), while M/P and MTPR were significantly lower in PSP group than in other control groups(H=60.101 and 77.276, all P<0.05). PSP group also had higher V 3rd/FH compared with PD or HC group( F=17.168, P<0.05), but not with MSA-P group( Z=-1.602, P>0.05). The above differences also existed between each PSP subgroup and control groups.Among PSP subgroups, PSP-PFG subgroup had a larger A cp than did PSP-RS( Z=-2.510, P<0.05), and had higher HBS-RS score than did PSP-P group( Z=-2.380, P<0.05). No significant differences in other MRI morphometric indexes were identified among PSP subtypes.The M/P, MRPI, MTPR, MRPI2.0, HBS-RS score showed good accuracy in diagnosing PSP and its each subgroup, with HBS-RS score being the most accurate indicator, when the cutoff value was 2, the AUC values were all higher than 0.99, and the sensitivity and specificity were all above 90%.PSP and its subtypes were best distinguished from MSA-P by MRPI, when the cutoff value was 9.94, the AUC values were all higher than 0.90, with the sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 86.67%.PSP and its subtypes were best distinguished from PD by MTPR, AUC values were all above 0.95, with slightly different cutoff values.Almost all the morphological measurement parameters failed to show significant sensitivity and specificity in discriminating subtypes of PSP.The sensitivity and specificity of almost all MRI morphometry indicators in differentiating different subtypes of PSP are not high. Conclusions:MRI morphometrics have a high value both in the diagnosis of PSP and its subtypes, and also in specific application fields.MRI morphometrics have a limited value in discriminating PSP subtypes.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 391-398, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993454

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of super micro vascular imaging (SMI) in evaluating the microvascular perfusion of diabetes foot treated by tibial transverse bone transport.Methods:A retrospective study of 18 diabetic foot patients who underwent tibial transverse bone transport in the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from May 2019 to December 2021 were analysed, including 12 males and 6 females, with an average age of 64.89±14.34 years (range, 30-90 years). All patients had varying degrees of foot ulcer. Before and after the operation, the blood vessels of the patient's lower leg and foot were examined. The display rate of low-velocity blood flow was compared between color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) and SMI; the blood flow and vascular index at the beginning of the first dorsal metatarsal artery before and after operation under SMI were compared; the number and length of new blood vessels were also compared before and after operation.Results:All patients were followed up for at least 2 months. CDFI blood flow display rate was 73.6% (106/144), and SMI blood flow display rate was 80.6% (116/144), the difference was statistically significant (χ 2=4.68, P=0.031). Under SMI, the blood flow at the beginning of the first dorsal metatarsal artery on the affected side was measured before operation 3.38 (1.33, 7.56) ml/min, 1 week after operation 4.19(2.84, 11.48) ml/min and 1 month after operation 3.72 (2.52, 11.40) ml/min, with statistically significant difference (χ 2=9.46, P=0.009). There were statistically significant differences in blood flow at 1 week and 1 month after operation compared with that before operation ( P=0.033, P=0.003). The vascular index at the beginning of the first dorsal metatarsal artery on the affected side was 3.84±3.60, 6.51±4.92 and 6.82±5.36 before operation, 1 week and 1 month after operation, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant( F=4.35, P=0.031). The vascular index in the first week after operation was significantly higher than that before operation ( P=0.026). Up to the last follow-up, the number of new collaterals in 18 patients was 4.5 (2, 8), which was significantly different from 1 (0, 2) before operation ( Z=-3.57, P=0.001). In total, the length of 18 new blood vessels in 9 patients was longer than that before operation, and the establishment of grade 2 and grade 3 branches were observed in 5 patients. The superficial subcutaneous vessels were showed more clarity than that before surgery, and there was collateral circulation on the opposite side. Conclusion:SMI objectively reflects the changes of hemodynamics and microcirculation of patients after tibial transverse bone transport, and helps clinical preliminary predict the prognosis of patients and adjust individual treatment plan according to blood perfusion in time.

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 704-708, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992365

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics and risk factors of concurrent infection in adult patients with hypopituitarism (HP).Methods:Clinical data of patients diagnosed with HP in Fuyang People′s Hospital from October 2016 to August 2020 were collected. Patients were divided into infected group and non-infected group according to whether they were co-infected, and the differences in clinical characteristics between the two groups were compared. The risk factors of infection in HP patients were analyzed by binary logistic regression.Results:The top three clinical manifestations of 64 HP patients were decreased libido; lack of energy, fear of cold, and poor appetite; hyponatremia. Etiological analysis of 64 HP patients: 23 cases of Sheehan′s syndrome, 14 cases of postoperative brain tumors (pituitary adenoma, craniopharyngioma, meningioma), 8 cases of idiopathic, 7 cases of pituitary adenoma, 8 cases of pituitary volume and morphology changes, and 4 cases of empty sella turcica. 40.32%(25/62) of patients with adrenal axis dysfunction received glucocorticoid replacement therapy, with 80%(20/25) receiving prednisone and 20%(5/25) receiving hydrocortisone. The replacement dose was 2.5-25(6.77±3.90)mg of prednisone equivalent dose. 37.70%(23/61) of patients with low thyroid axis function received thyroid hormone replacement therapy, of which 52.17%(12/23) free thyroxine (FT4) levels were still lower than the lower normal limit. 20%(2/10) of males ≤60 years old and 5.56%(1/18) of females≤50 years old received hormone replacement therapy for patients with hypogonadism of the gonadal axis. Among 64 HP patients included, 29 were co-infected (infected group) and 35 were not co-infected (non infected group). There was no significant difference between the infected group and the non infected group in gender, etiology, number of pituitary axis involved, glucocorticoid replacement therapy dose, thyroid hormone replacement therapy dose, and sex hormone replacement therapy rate (all P>0.05). Compared with the non infected group, the infected group was older, had a longer course of disease, lower diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and albumin levels, with statistically significant difference (all P<0.05), while the other indicators showed no statistically significant difference (all P>0.05). The results of binary logistic regression analysis showed that age, course of disease, occupation, and albumin level were the influencing factors of HP complicated infection (all P<0.05). Conclusions:The most common cause of pituitary dysfunction in adults is Sheehan′s syndrome; Adult HP patients who are older, have a longer course of disease, work as farmers, and have hypoalbuminemia are more likely to develop concurrent infections.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 528-531,536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992335

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association of bone resorption marker β carboxyterminal peptide of collagen Ⅰ (β-CTX) with hypercalcemia in patients with Graves′ disease (GD).Methods:287 patients with GD who were hospitalized in the endocrinology department of Fuyang People′s Hospital from January 2021 to December 2021 were divided into control group ( n=251) and hypercalcemia group ( n=36) according to the corrected blood calcium level. The clinical data and serum β-CTX level of the two groups were compared. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the risk factors of hypercalcemia in GD patients. Pearson correlation was used to analyze the correlation between serum β-CTX level and other indexes. Results:Of the 287 GD patients, 36 were diagnosed as hypercalcemia, and the incidence of hypercalcemia was 12.54%. The levels of free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4), blood phosphorus (P) and β-CTX in hypercalcemia group were higher than those in control group, and the total parathyroid hormone (iPTH) in hypercalcemia group were lower than those in control group (all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that FT3 ( OR=1.283, 95% CI: 1.049-1.570, P<0.05), iPTH ( OR=0.924, 95% CI: 0.863-0.989, P<0.05), β-CTX ( OR=2.488, 95% CI: 1.193-5.189, P<0.05) were the influencing factors for hypercalcemia in GD patients. Pearson correlation analysis showed that β-CTX was positively correlated with FT3, FT4, blood calcium, P, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total procollagen type I amino end terminal peptide (PINP), N-bone-gamma-carboxyglutamic-acid-containing proteins (N-MID) and 25(OH)D, and negatively correlated with iPTH (all P<0.05). Conclusions:β-CTX is highly expressed in the serum of GD patients with hypercalcemia, which is a risk factor for the occurrence of hypercalcemia in GD patients.

14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 188-191, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991282

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of formative evaluation on the teaching effect of geriatric pharmacology by introducing formative evaluation model into the teaching evaluation system of geriatric pharmacology.Methods:The 78 undergraduates of Batch 2013 clinical medicine from Chongqing Medical University were selected as the control group, and the summative evaluation method was used for evaluation; another 142 clinical medical students of Batch 2014 were set as the experimental group, and the formative evaluation method was adopted for evaluation. The statistical analysis was conducted based on the examination scores at the end of the semester. SPSS 23.0 was used for t-test. Results:The test papers of 142 students in the experimental group and 78 students in the control group were analyzed with full samples. The reliability coefficients of the test papers were all greater than 0.6, close to 0.85, indicating that the test results were reliable. The overall difficulty of the test paper is appropriate, and the discrimination is good. The final score (59.66±13.90) of the students in the experimental class was significantly higher than that of the students in the control class (51.58±14.33), with a statistically significant difference ( t=4.08, P<0.001). Conclusion:The application of formative evaluation in the teaching of geriatric pharmacology can effectively improve students' initiative and improve the quality of teaching.

15.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 1095-1101, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988756

ABSTRACT

Elevated blood pressure is one of the major contributors to cardiovascular disease and premature death. The exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is closely associated with changes in blood pressure, and even short-term exposure to PM2.5 can lead to an increase in blood pressure. PM2.5 is a complex mixture that exerts different toxicities and triggers increased blood pressure through various mechanisms. Therefore, in this article, we provided a comprehensive review of published studies on the effects of short-term exposure to PM2.5 and its components on blood pressure, and elaborated potential mechanisms from four aspects, including oxidative stress and inflammatory response, endothelial dysfunction, autonomic nervous system disorders and hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis activation, and epigenome alteration. Given the limitations of existing research, future prospective studies can be conducted on diverse populations, using more precise exposure measurement methods and multi-omics approaches, to further elucidate the mechanisms underlying the effects of PM2.5 and its various components on blood pressure. The findings would provide a theoretical foundation for effective protection of public health, particularly vulnerable groups.

16.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E408-E414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987966

ABSTRACT

Mechanical stimulation in micro-environment ( such as matrix stiffness, surface topography, cyclical stretch) can be perceived by macrophages through receptors on cell membrane, transmitted to the nucleus along the adhesion protein molecular chain and cytoskeleton, and also converted into biochemical signal to stimulate gene transcription. Mechanical stimulation drives various biological functions in macrophages, such as adhesion, proliferation, migration, and polarization, thereby playing a corresponding role in disease progression and tissue regeneration. This study demonstrates the role of micro-environment mechanics in macrophages polarization and function, and elucidates the related mechanism of mechanotransduction pathway in macrophages, so as to provide molecular biomechanics insights into the development of macrophage-targeting immunomodulatorybiomaterials.

17.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 32-38, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953742

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare the differences of clinical effects between the bilateral endoscopic breast reconstruction and the open breast reconstruction. Methods    The clinical data of 28 female patients who underwent bilateral breast graft reconstruction in the Department of Breast Surgery of West China Hospital from January 2017 to January 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into two groups: an endoscopic group (n=12, aged 41.3±8.9 years) and an open group (n=16, aged 41.6±8.8 years). The clinical data of the two groups of patients were compared. Results     There was no significant difference in demographic and oncological data between the two groups (P>0.05). There was a significant difference in the implants between the two groups (P=0.008). The operation time (298.2±108.6 min vs. 326.5±95.8 min, P=0.480) and anesthesia time (373.4±91.2 min vs. 400.3±97.1 min, P=0.463) were not significantly different. The total complications (P=0.035) and major complications (P=0.024) in the open group were more than those in the endoscopic group. For the comparison of breast satisfaction, psychosocial well-being and sexual well-being, the scores at six months and one year after surgery were higher in the endoscopic group than those in the open group (P<0.05). Conclusion    The endoscopic reconstruction is safe and effective, with high satisfaction rates regarding  breast reconstruction and quality of life, and is superior to conventional open surgery.

18.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 550-560, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010965

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Functional constipation (FC) is a common intestinal disease worldwide. Despite the presence of criteria such as Roman IV, there is no standardized diagnosis and treatment algorithm in Hong Kong that combines both Western and Chinese medicine approaches. This study integrates current effective and safe diagnosis and treatment methods for FC and provides a clear and scientific pathway for clinical professionals and patients.@*METHODS@#A systematic search of the PubMed, Cochrane Library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases was performed from their inception to June 30th, 2022, collecting the current evidence about the efficacious integrative management for FC. We organized a meeting of professionals in fields relevant to treatment and management of FC to develop a consensus agreement on clinical pathway process.@*RESULTS@#We developed a clinical pathway for the treatment of FC based on the most recent published guidelines and consultation with experts. This pathway includes a hierarchy of recommendations for every step of the clinical process, including clinical intake, diagnostic examination, recommended labs, diagnostic flowchart, and guidance for selection of therapeutic drugs.@*CONCLUSION@#This pathway establishes clinical standards for the diagnosis and treatment of FC using Chinese medicine and Western medicine; it will help to provide high-quality medical services in Hong Kong for patients with FC. Please cite this article as: Wei DJ, Li HJ, Lyu ZP, Lyu AP, Bian ZX, Zhong LL. A clinical pathway for integrative medicine in the treatment of functional constipation in Hong Kong, China. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(6): 550-560.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hong Kong , Integrative Medicine , Critical Pathways , China , Constipation/therapy
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 25-32, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971097

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of dichloromethane extraction phase of ethanol extract from stem of Patrinia scabiosaefolia Fisch.(DPSS) on proliferation and differentiation of K562 cells and its related mechanism.@*METHODS@#MTT assay was used to detect the effects of DPSS at 0, 25, 50, 100 and 200 μg/ml on the proliferation of K562 cells at 24, 48 and 72 hours. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the changes of cell cycle and apoptosis at 24 and 48 hours. Wright-Giemsa staining was used to observe the morphological changes of K562 cells. The cell surface antigens CD33 and CD11b were detected by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The proliferation of K562 cells treated with different concentrations of DPSS was inhibited in a time-dose dependent manner (r=-0.96). Cell cycle analysis showed that with the increase of DPSS concentration, cells in G2/M phase increased (r=0.88), and cells were blocked in G2/M phase. Flow cytometry results showed that with the apoptosis rate of K562 cells was the highest when treated with 200 μg/ml DPSS for 48 h. Morphological observation showed that the K562 cell body increased, the amount of cytoplasm increased, the ratio of nucleus to cytoplasm decreased, and the nuclear chromatin was rough after DPSS treatment. Cell differentiation antigen, CD33 and CD11b, were positively expressed after treated with DPSS.@*CONCLUSION@#DPSS can induce apoptosis through cell cycle arrest, inhibit the proliferation of K562 cells, and induce K562 cells to differentiate into monocytes, which has a potential anti-leukemia effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , K562 Cells , Patrinia , Methylene Chloride/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Cell Differentiation
20.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 309-316, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969990

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on NLRP3 inflammasome and its downstream protein gastermin D (GSDMD) in rats with primary dysmenorrhea (PDM), and to explore the potential mechanism of EA on the treatment of PDM.@*METHODS@#Forty healthy female SD rats without pregnancy were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, an EA group and an ibuprofen group, 10 rats in each group. PDM model was prepared by injection of estradiol benzoate and oxytocin. Except the control group, the rats in each group were subcutaneously injected with estradiol benzoate for 10 days, and oxytocin was injected on the 11th day. The rats in the EA group were intervened with EA (dense wave, frequency of 50 Hz) at "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Sanyinjiao" (SP 6) at the same time of modeling, once a day, 20 min each time, for 10 consecutive days. The rats in the ibuprofen group were treated with 0.8 mL of ibuprofen by gavage (concentration of ibuprofen solution was 1.25 mg/mL) for 10 consecutive days. After modeling, the writhing reaction was observed. After intervention, the HE staining method was used to observe the histological morphology of uterus and evaluate the pathological damage score of uterus; ELISA method was used to detect the serum levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α); Western blot method was used to detect the protein expression of NLRP3, apoptosis related spot like protein (ASC), caspase-1, GSDMD, GSDMD-N and inflammatory factors (interleukin [IL]-1β, IL-18) in uterine tissue.@*RESULTS@#In the model group, a large number of vacuolar degeneration and death of endometrial epithelial cells, spiral arterioles congestion in lamina propria and neutrophil infiltration were observed. In the EA group, there was a small amount of vacuolar degeneration and death of endometrial epithelial cells, a small amount of spiral arterioles congestion in the lamina propria, and a small amount of neutrophils infiltration. In the ibuprofen group, there was very small number of degeneration and death of endometrial epithelial cells, and no obvious arterial congestion was found in lamina propria, and neutrophil infiltration was occasionally seen. Compared with the control group, in the model group the number of writhing was increased (P<0.01), the writhing reaction score and serum level of PGF2α and PGF2α/PGE2 value were increased (P<0.01), the level of PGE2 was decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the EA group and the ibuprofen group the number of writhing were decreased (P<0.05), the latency of writhing was prolonged (P<0.01), the writhing reaction scores and serum levels of PGF2α and PGF2α/PGE2 values were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), the levels of PGE2 were increased (P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the protein expression of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, GSDMD, GSDMD-N, IL-1β and IL-18 in the uterine tissues of rats was increased in the model group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the protein expression of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, GSDMD, GSDMD-N, IL-1β and IL-18 in the uterine tissues of rats was decreased in the EA group and the ibuprofen group (P<0.01, P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the EA group and the ibuprofen group in the above indexes (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA could alleviate pain and uterine tissue injury in rats with PDM. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome in rat uterine tissues, thereby inhibiting pyroptosis and its inflammatory factors release.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Caspases , Dinoprost , Dinoprostone , Dysmenorrhea , Electroacupuncture , Ibuprofen , Inflammasomes , Interleukin-18 , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Oxytocin , Phosphate-Binding Proteins , Pyroptosis , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Uterus
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