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1.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 416-426, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939902

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a rapidly spreading disease that has caused an extensive burden to the world. Consequently, a large number of clinical trials have examined the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for treating and preventing COVID-19, with coinciding proliferation of reviews summarizing these studies.@*OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to evaluate the methodological quality and evidence quality of systematic reviews and meta-analyses on the efficacy of TCM.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#Seven electronic databases, including PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chongqing VIP, Wanfang Data and SinoMed, were searched for systematic reviews and meta-analyses in October 2021. Search terms such as "Chinese medicine," "Lianhua Qingwen" and "COVID-19" were used.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials that evaluated the efficacy of TCM treatment of COVID-19 were included.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews Version 2.0 (AMSTAR 2) was used to evaluate the methodological quality. The quality of evidence was graded using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system. Data extraction and analysis were performed by two reviewers independently.@*RESULTS@#There were 17 meta-analyses included in our overview. The intervention group was defined as TCM combined with Western medicine, while the control group was Western medicine alone. The methodological quality of all the included studies was moderate to poor. A total of 89 outcome indicators were evaluated, of which, 8 were rated as moderate quality, 39 as low quality, and 41 as very low quality. Only one outcome measure was graded as being of high quality. The moderate quality of evidence indicated that, for the treatment of COVID-19, the clinical efficacy of TCM in combination with Western medicine was better, in terms of lung recovery, rate of conversion to severe/critical cases, symptom scores, duration of symptoms, mortality, and length of hospital stay.@*CONCLUSION@#Evidence from the included studies shows that, compared with conventional Western medical therapy alone, the addition of TCM to COVID-19 treatment may improve clinical outcomes. Overall, the quality of evidence of TCM for COVID-19 was moderate to poor. Meta-analyses of the use of TCM in the treatment of COVID-19 can be used for clinical decision making by accounting for the experiences of clinical experts, medical policies, and other factors.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Treatment Outcome
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1614-1620, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929436

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is a novel cell death mode proposed in recent years, which is characterized by intracellular iron-dependent lipid peroxidation. Its mechanisms include lipid peroxidation, iron accumulation and the imbalance of antioxidant system. The crosstalk between ferroptosis and asthma is gradually deepening. Elucidating the specific mechanism of ferroptosis in regulating asthma is helpful to broaden the understanding of the pathology of asthma. This paper expounds the role of ferroptosis in airway epithelial cells in the occurrence and development of asthma from three perspectives: lipid peroxidation, iron accumulation and the imbalance of antioxidant system, hoping to find new targets and strategies for asthma treatment.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928601

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the efficacy and safety of domestic generic levetiracetam in replacement of brand-name levetiracetam in the treatment of children with epilepsy.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 154 children with epilepsy who received domestic generic levetiracetam in the inpatient or outpatient service of Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from May 2019 to December 2020. Domestic generic levetiracetam and brand-name levetiracetam were compared in terms of efficacy and safety.@*RESULTS@#For these 154 children, the epilepsy control rate was 77.3% (119/154) at baseline. At 6 months after switching to domestic generic levetiracetam, the epilepsy control rate reached 83.8% (129/154), which showed a significant increase (P<0.05). There was no significant change in the frequency of seizures from baseline to 6 months after switching (P>0.05). The incidence of refractory epilepsy in children with no response after switching treatment was significantly higher than that in children with response (P<0.05). Before switching, only 1 child (0.6%) experienced somnolence, while after switching, 3 children (1.9%) experienced mild adverse drug reactions, including dizziness, somnolence, irritability, and bad temper.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Switching from brand-name to generic levetiracetam is safe and effective and holds promise for clinical application, but more prospective randomized controlled trials are required in future.


Subject(s)
Child , Epilepsy/drug therapy , Humans , Levetiracetam , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Seizures
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906094

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential mechanism of Bianketong tablet (BKT) in the treatment of constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (C-IBS) based on network pharmacology and bioinformatics. Method:The BKT-meridian network was constructed for analyzing the combined effect of the nine Chinese herbs in BKT. The active components and targets of BKT were collected from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) and then screened according to the oral bioavailability (OB) and drug likeness (DL) criteria. Following the acquisition of C-IBS target set from GeneCards, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Drugbank and DisGeNet, the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed. Cytoscape 3.7.2 was utilized for network visualization. The screened key targets were subjected to gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis using DAVID platform. The C-IBS mouse model was established via intragastric administration of ice water, and the key targets of BKT against C-IBS were verified by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunohistochemistry. Result:The large intestinal meridian was the main site where BKT acted. There were 70 potential active components in BKT, which acted on 227 intersection targets. Through T helper cell 17(Th17) differentiation, Toll-like receptor (TLR), tumor necrosis factor and other signaling pathways, BKT participated in inflammatory response, immune regulation, intestinal nerve regulation, hormonal regulation, and oxidative stress response, thus exerting the therapeutic effects against C-IBS. As reveled by <italic>in vivo</italic> experiments, BKT significantly improved the small intestinal propulsion rate, up-regulated the expression of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in serum and colon tissue of C-IBS mice, and down-regulated the expression of nuclear transcription factor-<italic>κ</italic>B (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B), interleukin(IL)-6, and TLR2 in serum and colon tissue, which confirmed the reliability of integration analysis. Conclusion:BKT inhibits C-IBS via multiple components, multiple targets, and multiple pathways. This study has provided ideas for further clinical research and experimental verification of BKT in the treatment of C-IBS.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801906

ABSTRACT

Objective:To obtain the information of alkaloids in Evodia rutaecarpa by HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS. Method:Inter Sustain-C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) was used with 0.2% formic acid water-acetonitrile as the mobile phase for gradient elution. The column temperature was 25℃,the volume flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1,and the sample volume is 5 μL. The detection wavelength was 245 nm,and the chromatographic effluent was detected and analyzed by using both positive and negative ions. Result:According to molecular ion peaks and secondary mass spectrometry characteristic fragment ions,as well as the mass spectrometry information of reference substances and relevant literature reports,more than 40 major peaks were analyzed,and 21 alkaloids were identified from the methanol extract of E. rutaecarpa, including 10 kinds of indole alkaloids,10 kinds of quinolone alkaloids,and 1 kind of ephedrine. Main types of alkaloids in E. rutaecarpa were basically clarified. And the research found that the alkaloids have a good response mainly in the positive mode. Conclusion:Based on HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS technology, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) separation,mass spectrometry determination of molecular mass,pyrolysis data,literature analysis and retrieval were performed to quickly,accurately and comprehensively identify alkaloids in E. rutaecarpa, so as to provide a scientific basis for the further extraction and separation of the chemical constituents of E. rutaecarpa.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746180

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe and analyze the effect of HbA1c level on macular microcirculation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Methods A cross-sectional study.One hundred and twenty-four T2DM patients (124 eyes) without diabetic retinopathy who diagnosed by the examination of fundus color photography in Lixiang Eye Hospital Of Soochow University during September to December 2017 were enrolled in this study.There were 59 males (59 eyes) and 65 females (65 eyes),with the mean age of 65.06±7.99 years old.All patients underwent BCVA,fundus color photography,and OCT angiography (OCTA).The history of diabetes,hypertension and dyslipidemia were recorded in detail.According to the HbA 1 c level,patients were divided into three groups,HbA1c ideal control group (group A,HbA1c <7%,67 eyes),HbA1c control group (group B,7%≤HbA1c≤9%,44 eyes),and HbA1c poor control group (group C,HbA1c>9%,13 eyes),respectively.The 3 mm × 3 mm range of the macular area was scanned by OCTA instrument.The vascular density (VD) and skeleton density (SD) of nonsegmented retinal layer (NRL),superficial retinal layer (SRL) and deep retinal layer (DRL) in the macular area and foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area,non-circularity index,axial rate (AR) of SRL were measured.The correlation between HbA1c,BCVA and VD,SD ofNRL,SRL,DRL was analyzed statistically with Spearman correlation test.The correlation between systemic factors and the above indicators was analyzed statistically with linear regression analysis.Results The results of linear regression analysis showed that HbA1 c was significantly correlated with VD (t=-3.237,-3.156,-2.050) and SD (t=-0.3.45,-3.034,-2.248) of NRL,SRL and DRL (P<0.05);but no correlation with FAZ,non-circularity index and AR (t=1.739,0.429,1.155;P>0.05).The differences of VD (F=6.349,5.981,3.709),SD (F=7.275,6.085,1.904) and AR (F=0.027) of NRL,SRL and DRL in group A,B and C were statistically significant (P<0.05);but the differences of FAZ (F=1.904),non-circularity index (F=0.280) was not statistically significant (P>0.05).Significant differences (P<0.05) of VD and SD of NRL were found between group A and B (t=1.987,2.201),group A and C (t=3.365,3.572),group B and C (t=2.010,2.076).Significant differences (P<0.05) of VD and SD of SRL were found between group A and B (t=2.087,2.168),group A and C (t=3.197,3.194).There were significant differences (P< 0.05) in SD of DRL between group A and B (t=2.239),group A and C (t=-2.519).There was significant difference in VD of DRL between group A and C (t=2.363).The results of Spearman correlation analysis showed that HbA1c was negatively correlated with VD (r=-0.273,-0.255,-0.222;P=0.002,0.004,0.013) and SD (r=-0.275,-0.236,-0.254;P<0.05) ofNRL,SRL,DRL;positively correlated with FAZ and BCVA (r=0.221,0.183;P<0.05).BCVA was negatively correlated with VD (r=-0.210,-0.190,-0.245) and SD (r=-0.239,-0.207,-0.296) of NRL,SRL,and DRL (P<0.05),but not correlated with FAZ (r=0.099,P>0.05).Conclusion The decrease of macular perfusion and the morphological change of FAZ accompanied by HbA1c increased.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752020

ABSTRACT

Objective·To investigate the role of mitochondrial solute carrier family 25 member 13 (SLC25A13) on breast cancer development.Methods·SLC25A13 mRNA and protein expressions in invasive breast cancer tissues and normal breast tissues were from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) breast cancer dataset. Survival analysis was conducted online by Kaplan-Meier software. MCF-7 cell line was used for in vitro cell assay.Knockdown of SLC25A13 and sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) were conducted by siRNA transfection. Cell viability was measured with trypan blue exclusion. Cell cycle arrest was determined by flow cytometry. The mRNA expression of SLC25A13 and P27 were detected by quantitative PCR. The protein level of SLC25A13, P27 and SIRT2 were detected by Western blotting. Protein half-life of P27 was assessed by Western blotting after ycloheximide treatment. Results·SLC25A13 was up-regulated in invasive breast cancer tissues. High expression of SLC25A13 correlated with poor overall survival and breast cancer recurrence. SLC25A13 knockdown inhibited MCF-7 cell cycle progression. P27 and SIRT2 both accumulated after SLC25A13 knockdown. P27 accumulation resulted from prolonged protein half-life. Knockdown of SIRT2 restored cell cycle arrest as well as P27 accumulation caused by SLC25A13 silencing. Conclusion·High expression of SLC25A13 may promote cell cycle progression via SIRT2 in breast cancer development.

8.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 154-159, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842666

ABSTRACT

Spermatozoa are not mature until they transit the epididymis where they acquire motility and the ability to fertilize an egg through sequential modifications. The epididymis has three functional regions, caput, corpus, and cauda, and the luminal proteins of the epididymis play important roles in the above modifications. However, the proteins with differential enrichment between the caput and cauda are still largely unknown. To reveal the functions of the caput and cauda during sperm maturation, luminal proteins from caput and cauda of mice were analyzed by isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ). Overall, 128 differentially enriched proteins were found, of which 46 were caput enriched and 82 were cauda enriched. Bioinformatic analysis showed that lipid metabolism was active in the caput; while anion- and cation-binding activity and phosphorus and organophosphate metabolism were active in the cauda. A new epididymal luminal protein, the caput-enriched PDZ domain containing 1 (Pdzk1), also named Na+/H+ exchange regulatory cofactor 3 (NHERF3), which plays a critical role in cholesterol metabolism and carnitine transport, was found in the lipid metabolism. Western blotting and immunofluorescence analyses showed that Pdzk1 was expressed in the epididymis but not in the testis, and localized at the middle piece of the sperm tail. Pdzk1 protein level was also reduced in the spermatozoa in case of asthenozoospermic patients compared with that in normozoospermic men, suggesting that Pdzk1 may participate in sperm maturation regulation and may be associated with male infertility. These results may provide new insights into the mechanisms of sperm maturation and male infertility.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335860

ABSTRACT

Based on the reviewing of development and disadvantages of Chinese medicine formula granules, the concept of standard decoction of traditional Chinese medicine was proposed in this study, and it was used as the standard mode of Chinese medicine formula granules to standardize the production process and quality standards of formula granules. The standard was unified according to the principles of "standardization of medicinal materials, standardization of process, intellectualization of production, standardization of quality, normalization of packaging, and informatization of storage"; and consistency evaluation was carried out by the analysis of chemical components, pharmacological activities and clinical efficacy of the standardized decoction and the traditional decoction, interpreting the scientific questions to ensure the stability and uniformity of Chinese medicine formula granule as well as the safety and effectiveness of its clinical application.

10.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1001-1004, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513082

ABSTRACT

Objective The efficacy and safety of rectal instillation with formula for clearing heat, eliminating phlegm and relaxing bowel on treating encephalopathy complicated with pulmonary infection were evaluated by randomized controlled clinical trials. Methods Eighty eligible cases of encephalopathy complicated with pulmonary infection were randomly divided into treatment group and control group. Control group was given conventional treatment and treatment group was given rectal instillation treatment with formula for clearing heat , eliminating phlegm and relaxing bowel. The changes of index were observed before and after treatment in two groups including temperature,antifebrile time,white blood cell count,neutrophils ratio,C-reactive protein,procalcitonin, pneumonia severity index,and the efficacy score of TCM syndrome. Results Rectal instillation with formula for clearing heat and eliminating phlegm to relax bowel can be better improved encephalopathy complicated with pulmonary infection with syndrome of phlegm-heat obstructing in which the patients have yellow sputum, constipation,yellow urinary and other symptoms. It can reduce TCM syndrome score and level of serum calcitonin, relieve inflammation,enhanc antibacterial effect,and improve the clinical curative effect. Conclusions The curative effects of rectal instillation with formula for clearing heat and eliminating phlegm to relax bowel on treating encephalopathy complicated with pulmonary is definite which has no adverse reaction and safety use. It is worthy of further popularizing in clinic.

11.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4465-4468,4472, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668527

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a kind of mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs) model that could express hCD4 and hCCR5 to study the field of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1).Methods Lentiviral vectors containing the genes of hCD4 and hCCR5 under the transcriptional control of cytomegalovirus promoter were designed.MSCs were transfected by the lentiviral vectors at optimum multiplicity of infection.Transduction efficiencies of hCD4 and hCCR5 in MSCs were analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR),Western blot,and immunofluorescence staining.Subsequently,the transfected human MSCs were infected with HIV-1,and the expression of HIVRNA in the MSCs was detected by RT-PCR.Results The MSCs model con-taining hCD4 and hCCR5 and supporting normal HIV-1 infection was constructed.qRT-PCR showed that MSCs upon infection with lentiviral vectors were highly expressed in hCD4 and CCR5 mRNA sequences(P<0.01).Western blot detection showed the positive bands of 55.0 × 103 (hCD4) and 40.6 × 103 (hCCR5).The results of immunofluorescence staining revealed that hCD4 and CCR5 were expressed on the surface of MSCs.Such results were not found in cells infected with empty lentiviral vectors.And the susceptibility of the hCD4/CCR5 transgenic MSCs to the HIV-1 was further indicated by the detection of HIV-1 RNA in the culture supernatants and cell lysates(P<0.05).Conclusion The MSCs model that could highly express hCD4 and hCCR5 was established to support normal HIV-1 infection,which can be used to investigate the development of new therapies and vaccines against HIV.

12.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 881-884, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664968

ABSTRACT

Objectives To explore the genetic diagnosis of fructose 1,6 diphosphatase deficiency and analysis of mutation sites of its pathogenic genes. Methods The clinical data and the related results of gene panel screening in one child with fructose 1, 6 diphosphatase (FBPase) deficiency were retrospectively reviewed. Results The 2-year-old girl suffered repeated infection, nausea, vomiting, mental illness, and drowsiness, accompanied by intermittent convulsions. Blood biochemical tests sμggested hypoglycemia and acidosis.The FBP1 gene had a missense mutation,c.355G>A,p.Asp119Asn(isozygoty).Both her parents carried the locus variation (heterozygous). Conclusions Fructose 1, 6 diphosphatase deficiency should be considered when child with hypoglycemia after repeated infection, acidosis, and ketosis.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281459

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the pathogenic variant responsible for restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) in a Chinese family.Methods Next generation sequencing was used for detecting the mutation and Results verified by sequencing. We used restriction enzyme digestion to test the mutation in the family members and 200 unrelated normal subjects without any cardiac inherited diseases when the mutation was identified.Results Five individuals died from cardiac diseases, two of whom suffered from sudden cardiac death. Two individuals have suffered from chronic cardiac disorders. Mutation analysis revealed a novel missense mutation in exon 7 of troponin I type 3 (TNNI3), resulting in substitution of serine (S) with proline (P) at amino acid position 150, which cosegregated with the disease in the family, which is predicted to be probably damaging using PolyPhen-2. The mutation was not detected in the 200 unrelated subjects we tested.Conclusion Using next generation sequencing, which has very recently been shown to be successful in identifying novel causative mutations of rare Mendelian disorders, we found a novel mutation of TNNI3 in a Chinese family with RCM.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328244

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop a life quality scale suitable for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients, objectively reflecting its changes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Authors first put forward a theoretical structure model of a scale according to patient-reported outcome (PRO) scale formulation principle by combining basic theories of Chinese medicine (CM). Then authors developed an initial scale on the basis of various life quality scales for respiratory disease patients by using structural decision making. Totally 34 patients with confirmed diagnosis of IPF were tested by questionnaire. Items were screened using expert importance scoring method, factor analysis, correlation coefficient method, Cronbach's alpha coefficient method. IPF patient reported outcomes (IPF PRO, IP) were finally defined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A new IP scale was developed covering three areas and 38 items. Pearson correlation coefficient for correlation analysis of clinical symptom scores in ST-George Respiratory Questionnaire and IP scale was 0.828 (P < 0.01). Pearson correlation coefficient for correlation analysis of activity ability scores was 0.929 (P < 0.01). Pearson correlation coefficient for correlation analysis of total scores was 0.862 (P < 0.01). By reliability of IP scale itself (reliability) analysis, Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.713. By using factor analysis method for data analysis, KMO statistics was 0.902.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>IP scale fully reflected the connotation of IPF patients' quality of life, so it could be used as CM clinical therapeutic effect evaluation tool.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis , Diagnosis , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality of Life , Reproducibility of Results , Research Design , Surveys and Questionnaires
15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3697-3699, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504983

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe clinical efficacy and safety of Ebastine tablet combined with Chushi zhiyang ointment in the treatment of hand keratinizing chapped eczema. METHODS:135 cases of hand keratinizing chapped eczema were divided into control group A(45 cases),control group B(43 cases)and treatment group(47 cases)according to treatment regimen. Control group A was orally given Ebastine tablet,10 mg each time,qd;control group B was given Chushi zhiyang ointment alone,twice a day,morning and evening,applying thin layer of ointment on the affected area;treatment group was given same dose of Ebastine tablet orally and applied Chushi zhiyang ointment on the affected area. 3 groups received treatment for consecutive 4 weeks. Clinical efficacies of 3 groups were observed as well as the scores of pruritus,skin lesion area,keratinization,rhagades and VAS before and after treatment. The occurrence of ADR was compared among 3 groups. RESULTS:The total effective rate of treatment group was 68.09%,which was significantly higher than that of group A(42.22%)and control group B(16.28%),with statistical significance(P0.05). After treatment,above scores of 3 groups decreased significantly,and those of treatment group were significant-ly lower than those of control group A and B,with statistical significance(P0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Ebastine tablet combined with Chushi zhiyang ointment is effective for hand keratinizing chapped eczema,and can significantly improve the skin of patients with good safety.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819934

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the inhibition effect of miR-106a inhibitor on tumor growth of ovarian cancer xenografts mice.@*METHODS@#BALB/c mice were selected as experimental animals, ovarian cancer SKOV-3 cells transfected with miR-106a inhibitor and its negative control were inoculated subcutaneously, intratumoral injection of miR-106a inhibitor and its negative control were continued after tumor formation, and they were enrolled as treatment group and model group, respectively. Tumor volume and weight as well as Ki-67 and programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) expression were determined; miR-106a inhibitor and its negative control as well as miR-106a mimic and its negative control were transfected into SKOV-3 cells, and expression of PDCD4 in cells was determined.@*RESULTS@#Tumor tissue volume and weight as well as mRNA expression and protein expression of Ki-67 in treatment group were significantly lower than those in the model group while mRNA expression and protein expression of PDCD4 were significantly higher than those in the model group; transfection of miR-106a mimic could decrease mRNA expression and protein expression of PDCD4 in SKOV-3 cells, and transfection of miR-106a inhibitor could increase mRNA expression and protein expression of PDCD4 in SKOV-3 cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Transfection of miR-106a inhibitor can inhibit the growth of tumor in ovarian cancer xenografts mice through increasing the expression of PDCD4.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250457

ABSTRACT

To study the chemical constituents of Lepidium meyenii, the air-dried rhizome of L. meyenii was extracted with 70% EtOH. The extract was condensed to a small amount of volume and extracted with petroleum ether, EtOAc and n-BuOH, successively. The compounds were isolated and purified by column chromatography, and identified based on spectral analyses (1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, HRESIMS). Eighteen compounds were isolated from L. meyenii, including 7 alkaloids and 4 fatty acids and 7 other compounds. They were characterized as (3-hydroxybenzyl) carbamic acid(1), phenylmethanamine(2), N-benzylformamide (3), N-benzylacetamide (4), pyridin-4-ylmethanamine(5), n-(4-methoxybenzyl) aniline(6), uracil(7), succininc acid(8), decanedioic acid(9), n-hexa- decanoic acid methyl ester(10), heptanoic acid(11), solerole(12), pyromucic acid methyl ester(13), 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furancar- boxadehyde(14), 5-(methoxymethyl)-1H-pyrrole-2-carbaldehyde(15), 1,7-dihydroxy-2,3, 4-trimethoxyxanthone (16), 1,7-di- hydroxy-3,4- dimethoxy-xanthone(17), (+)-pinoresinol(18). Meanwhile, compounds 1-18 were obtained from L. neyenii for the first time.


Subject(s)
Lepidium , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243408

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>We aim to investigate the sonodynamic effect induced by hydroxyl acetylated curcumin (HAC) on THP-1 macrophages.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>THP-1 derived macrophages (1 x 10(5) per milliliter) were cultured with HAC at a concentration of 5 µg/mL for 4 h and then exposed to pulse ultrasound treatment (0.5 W/cm2) for 5 min. Six hours later, cell viability analysis was performed with CCK-8 assay, apoptosis and necrosis analysis were detected with Annexin V/PI staining by flow cytometery.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The cell viability of THP-1 macrophage decreased significantly in the group treated with the combination of HAC and ultrasound (P < 0.01), and HAC-SDT induced both apoptosis and necrosis in THP-1 macrophages, the apoptotic rate was higher than the necrotic rate with appropriate conditions, the maximum apoptosis/necrosis ratio was detected in sonodynamic therapy (SDT) group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>hAC-SDT was effective to induce THP-1 macrophages apoptosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line , Cell Survival , Curcumin , Pharmacology , Humans , Macrophages , Cell Biology , Necrosis , Ultrasonics
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297374

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To confirm the inhibitory effect of Chinese herbs of acid taste on melanin synthesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Active ingredients of 22 kinds Chinese herbs of acid tastes were extracted by alkali extraction and acid precipitation, alcohol extraction, and water extraction, respectively, which was then dispensed into 25.00, 12.50, and 6.25 g/L suspension. Their effects on activities of tyrosinase were detected using mushroom-tyrosinase-DOPA speed oxidation. Their inhibition rates on activities of tyrosinase were respectively compared with inhibition rates of 1.0, 0.5, and 0.1 mmol/L arbutin.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 22 kinds Chinese herbs of acid taste included Cornus Officinalis, Crataegus pinnatifida, dark plum fruit, Schisandra Chinensis, Chaenomeles sinensis Koehne, Reynoutria japonica Houtt, Achyranthes Bidentata, Sanguisorba officinalis L., Semen Ziziphi Spinosae, Herba Ecliptae, blueberry, immature bitter orange, submature bitter orange, Prunus mume Var, Hovenia acerba Lindl., Fructus Mori, Pomegranate Rind, white paeony root, Rosa laevigata Michx., Portulaca oleracea L, Terminalia chebula Retz, Rhus chinensis Mill. Their alkaline extractions showed inhibition to activities of tyrosinase to different degrees except Herba Ecliptae. Of them, the highest inhibition rate (88.49% ± 9.98%) was got by dark plum fruit at 25 g/L, while the lowest inhibition rate (11.22% ± 3.36%) was got by immature bitter orange at 6.25 g/L. Their alcohol extractions showed inhibition to activities of tyrosinase to different degrees except Herba Ecliptae. Of them, the highest inhibition rate (75.92% ± 5.57%) was got by Hovenia acerba Lindl. at 25 g/L, while the lowest inhibition rate (9.60% ± 1.15%) was got by submature bitter orange at 6.25 g/L. Their water extractions all had inhibition on activities of tyrosinase. Of them, the highest inhibition rate (54.23% ± 3.56%) was got by Fructus Mori at 25 g/L, while the lowest inhibition rate (10.25% ± 1.83%) was got by Semen Ziziphi Spinosae at 6.25 g/L. Compared with 1 mmol/L arbutin water solution, alkaline extractions of dark plum fruit, Schisandra Chinensis, Rhus chinensis Mill., Rosa laevigata Michx., blueberry, Chaenomeles sinensis Koehne, Portulaca oleracea L, Fructus Mori, Achyranthes Bidentata, Pomegranate Rind; alcohol extractions of dark plum fruit, Rhus chinensis Mill., Pomegranate Rind, Hovenia acerba Lindl., Crataegus pinnatifida, Achyranthes Bidentata; water extractions of Chaenomeles sinensis Koehne, blueberry, and Fructus Mori at 25 g/L got obviously higher inhibition rates (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Compared with 0.5 mmol/L arbutin water solution, alcohol extraction of Chaenomeles sinensis Koehne and alcohol extraction of dark plum fruit at 12.5 g/L got obviously higher inhibition rates (P < 0.05, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Chinese herbs of acid taste could inhibit melanin synthesis, and its mechanism was related to inhibiting activities of tyrosinase.</p>


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Humans , Melanins , Metabolism , Monophenol Monooxygenase , Metabolism , Oxidation-Reduction , Schisandra , Taste
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333595

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the therapeutic effects of bicyclol combined with ganciclocir on infantile cytomegalovirus hepatitis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy infants with cytomegalovirus hepatitis were randomized into treatment group (n=35) and control group (n=35) for a 2-week-long treatment with ganciclocir (5 mg/kg) with and without oral bicyclol (3 mg/kg, twice daily), respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In both groups, significant changes occurred in the levels of alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, serum total bilirubin, serum total bile acid, and glutamyl transpeptidase after the 2-week treatment (P<0.01); these parameters differed significantly between the two groups after the treatment (P<0.01). Compared with those in the control group, the infants in the treatment group showed significantly better responses to the treatment (P<0.05) with a significantly higher rate of serum anti CMV IgM negativity (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Bicyclol combined with ganciclocir can reduce glutamic pyruvic transaminase, alkaline phosphatase and serum total bilirubin, and decrease bile acid levels to lessen liver cell damage and promote the recovery of liver cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Metabolism , Alkaline Phosphatase , Metabolism , Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Bilirubin , Blood , Biphenyl Compounds , Therapeutic Uses , Cytomegalovirus , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Ganciclovir , Therapeutic Uses , Hepatitis , Drug Therapy , Virology , Humans , Infant , Liver Function Tests
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