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1.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 623-626, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870861

ABSTRACT

Belonging to the mlformations of cortical development category, focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is a kind of desease caused by abnormal proliferation or abnormal migration of neurons in early embryo development. Epigenetics refers to changes in gene expression without changes in the nucleotide sequence of a gene, and these changes are heritable. It regulates gene expression mainly through DNA methylation, histone modification, chromatin remodeling and non-coding RNA.It is now considered that the epigenetic mechanism may be closely related to the pathogenesis of FCD, which has become a hotspot of FCD research.This paper will review the advances in epigenetic studies of FCD.

2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 998-1002, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866952

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the nurses' attitude towards open visitation policy in intensive care unit (ICU) and its potential influence factors, and further to provide evidence for carrying out this policy in ICU.Methods:A self-designed, anonymous online questionnaire of "attitude of ICU nurses to open visiting system in ICU" was performed in 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities in China from October to December 2019, using convenient sampling method approach. Only nurses working in ICU (including specialized ICU, but excluding the critical ward in general ward) and willing to participate in the survey were included. The survey included 35 items, including the general information of each participant, the attitude towards the implementation of the open visitation system in ICU and its potential influencing factors. Ordinal Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the significant influencing factors.Results:A total of 1 558 questionnaires were sent out and 1 546 effective questionnaires were retrieved, with a response rate of 99.2%. Overall, 32.2% of them agreed with the policy, 41.3% of them disagree with the policy and 26.5% of them were uncertain. The Ordinal Logistic regression analysis showed that the independent influencing factors of ICU nurses' attitude towards open visitation policy including the possibility of increasing healthcare-associated infection [disagree: β = 1.327, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.242 to 2.413, P = 0.017; uncertain: β = 0.697, 95% CI was 0.244 to 1.151, P = 0.003], the improvement of nurses' job satisfaction (disagree: β = -1.406, 95% CI was -1.750 to -1.062, P = 0.000; uncertain: β = -0.748, 95% CI was -1.030 to -0.466, P = 0.000), the information support for medical staffs from family members (disagree: β = -0.644, 95% CI was -1.048 to -0.240, P = 0.002; uncertain: β = -0.422, 95% CI was -0.721 to -0.124, P = 0.006), the feasibility that the family members can assist the nurses in the basic nursing for patients (uncertain: β = -0.465, 95% CI was -0.729 to -0.202, P = 0.001), reducing the time that a nurse spent on caring for the patients (uncertain: β = 0.349, 95% CI was 0.052 to 0.646, P = 0.021), improving early rehabilitation (disagree: β = -0.593, 95% CI was -1.166 to -0.019, P = 0.043), and getting psychological support for patients from family members (disagree: β = 1.293, 95% CI was 0.426 to 2.159, P = 0.003), family members' satisfaction (disagree: β = -0.981, 95% CI was -1.431 to -0.531, P = 0.000). Conclusion:ICU nurses in China have realized that open visitation policy has positive effect on patients' early rehabilitation, willing to live and satisfaction; meanwhile, this policy may need more improvement in many ways such as healthcare-associated infection control, disinfection and isolation, allocation of human resources and time spent treating and caring for patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879776

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the respiratory pathogens and clinical features in children with acute exacerbation of bronchial asthma.@*METHODS@#Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from 225 children with acute exacerbation of bronchial asthma, aged <14 years, who attended the outpatient service or were hospitalized from August 2017 to August 2019. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to detect 12 pathogens, i.e., respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human rhinovirus (HRV), influenza virus A (IFVA), influenza virus B (IFVB), parainfluenza virus types 1-3 (PIV1-3), human metapneumovirus (HMPV), adenovirus (ADV), Bordetella pertussis (BP), Chlamydia pneumoniae (CP), and Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP).@*RESULTS@#The overall detection rate of virus was 46.2% (104/225), and 7 kinds of viruses were detected, i.e., HRV (19.6%, 44/225), ADV (16.0%, 36/225), IFVB (5.8%, 13/225), RSV (4.9%, 11/225), IFVA (3.6%, 8/225), PIV3 (1.8%, 4/225), and HMPV (0.4%, 1/225). Of all pathogens, BP had the highest detection rate of 28.4% (64/225), and the detection rates of MP and CP were 16.4% (37/225) and 0.4% (1/225), respectively. The mild exacerbation group had a higher detection rate of BP than the severe exacerbation group (P<0.05), while the severe exacerbation group had significantly higher detection rates of RSV and MP than the mild exacerbation group (P<0.05). There were significant differences in the proportion of children with paroxysmal cough, spasmodic cough, fever, lung rales and abnormal lung imaging findings among the simple BP infection, simple virus infection and simple MP infection groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#BP, HRV, and MP are common respiratory pathogens detected in children with acute exacerbation of bronchial asthma, and respiratory virus infection is an important pathogen of acute exacerbation of asthma in children. Acute exacerbation of asthma caused by different pathogens has different clinical features and severities.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Asthma/diagnosis , Child , Humans , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Human
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781716

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression of interferon-λ1 (IFN-λ1) in respiratory epithelial cells in children with human rhinovirus (HRV) infection.@*METHODS@#Sputum samples and nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from the children who were hospitalized due to acute respiratory infection from February to October, 2017. Bacterial culture was performed, and nucleic acid test was performed for 11 respiratory pathogens. A total of 90 children with positive HRV alone were enrolled as the HRV infection group, and 95 children with positive respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) alone were enrolled as the RSV infection group. A total of 50 healthy children who underwent outpatient physical examination during the same period of time and had negative results for all pathogen tests were enrolled as the healthy control group. Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from all groups, and quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure viral load and the mRNA expression of IFN-λ1.@*RESULTS@#In the HRV infection group, there was no significant difference in the mRNA expression of IFN-λ1 between boys and girls and across all age groups (P>0.05). In the HRV infection group, there was no correlation between the mRNA expression of IFN-λ1 and HRV load (P>0.05). The mRNA expression of IFN-λ1 in the HRV infection group was significantly higher than that in the healthy control group (P<0.05), but significantly lower than that in the RSV infection group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#HRV can induce the expression of IFN-λ1 in respiratory epithelial cells, suggesting that IFN-λ1 may play an important role in anti-HRV infection in children.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents , Child , Epithelial Cells , Female , Humans , Interferons , Male , Picornaviridae Infections , Respiratory Tract Infections , Rhinovirus
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781657

ABSTRACT

To analyze the research hotspots and trends of biomarkers for diseases based on genomics and thus provide basis for the future studies in this field. Based on the Web of Science,we analyzed the genomics-based biomarkers for diseases in literature published between 2006 and 2018 in terms of country and institutions,knowledge base,research hotspots,and trends by using bibliometric methods and CiteSpace software. A total of 998 articles were retrieved.The total number of articles has shown an upward trend and reached a peak of 112 in 2017 and 2018.Most articles(=477)were from the United States,follwed by China(=93).,,,,and are core journals in this field.Keywords co-occurrence analysis identified four research hotspots:disease research,research method and technology,research level,and application purpose. Research in functional genomics,cancer immunotherapy,genome-wide association and multi-omics techniques,personalized medicine,and precision medicine are research hotspots and frontiers in this field.


Subject(s)
Bibliometrics , Biomarkers , China , Genome-Wide Association Study , Genomics , United States
6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1027-1033, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776219

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen the optimal acupuncture regimen for cricopharyngeal achalasia (CPA) after brain stem infarction and compare the therapeutic effect between the combined therapy of catheter balloon dilation and acupuncture and the simple application of catheter balloon dilation.@*METHODS@#The patients suffering from neuropathic dysphagia in CPA after brain stem infarction were selected as the subjects. After confirmed in the diagnosis with video fluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS), they were randomized into 6 groups, 15 cases in each one, named group A (routine treatment), group B (catheter balloon dilation), group C1 (treated with acupuncture in local area), group C2 (treated with acupuncture based on differentiation), group C3 (treated with acupuncture at the local area and the acupoints based on differentiation) and group D (catheter balloon dilation combined with the optimal acupuncture). Two phases were included in the study. In the first phase of study, the therapeutic effect was compared among the three acupuncture groups, named C1, C2 and C3 group, so as to screen the optimal acupuncture regimen. In the group C1, the main acupoints included Fengchi (GB 20), Wangu (GB 12), Yifeng (TE 17) and three-tongue points (Extra). In the group C2, the main acupoints were Neiguan (PC 6), Tongli (HT 5), Zusanli (ST 36) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) as well as the supplementary acupoints in accordance with the syndrome differentiation. In the group C1 and group C2, after , the electroacupuncture was used, with continuous dense wave, 5 to 8 Hz in frequency. The needles were retained for 30 min. Acupuncture was given once a day, 5 treatments a week. Before treatment, in 6 weeks of treatment or after removal of gastric tube, the rehabilitation was evaluated. In the group C3, the acupoints, manipulation and treating course were same as the group C1 and group C2. In the 2nd phase of study, theresults of rehabilitation treatment were compared among the group A, group B and group D. The treatment was given once a day, 5 times a week. Before treatment, after gastric tube removal or in 6 weeks of treatment, the evaluation was conducted. The feedingswallowing function grade and VFSS were adopted in the evaluation among the above 6 groups.@*RESULTS@#① In the VFSS comparison at 1st phase of study after treatment, the food transporting ability at oral dysphagia, the results in the group C3 and group C1 were better obviously than the group C2 (both 0.05). The severity of dysphagia in the group C3 was milder than the group C2 and group A (both <0.05). ② In the VFSS comparison at the 2nd phase of study, for the food transporting ability, the results in the group D and the group B were obviously better than the group A (both <0.05). Regarding the function at the pharyngeal dysphagia and aspiration, the results in the group D were better than the group B and group A, those in the group B were better than the group A (all <0.05). The difference in the extubation rate among the group A, group B and group D after treatment was significant statistically (<0.01), of which, the extubation rate in the group D was the highest and the rate in the group A was the lowest. The dysphagia degree in the group D was milder than the group B and group A and that in the group B was milder than the group A (all <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In the study of the different acupuncture methods, the acupuncture at the local acupoints and the acupoints selected based on differentiation is the optimal acupuncture regimen for cricopharyngeal achalasia after brain stem infarction. The catheter balloon dilation combined with acupuncture present the synergistc effect on cricopharyngeal achalasia after brain stem infarction, obviously relieve dysphagia and reduce aspiration.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Methods , Brain Stem Infarctions , Catheterization , Dilatation , Esophageal Achalasia , Therapeutics , Humans , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817926

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the clinical characteristics,aetiology distribution,and metabolic risk parameters of patients with with premature pubarche(PP). METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in 55 patients affected by PP,who received ACTH stimulation test,and the data were evaluated. Among them 17 cases were detected CYP21 A2 gene,and indicators of lipid metabolism of idiopathic premature adrenarche(IPA,15 cases)and idiopathic premature pubarche(IPP,14 cases)were analyzed. RESULTS: The sample included 55 patients with PP(53 female and 2 male),with a mean pubarche age of(7.2±0.9)years for girls and(7±0.8)years for boys. There was an accelerated bone age(BA/CA ratio>1)(1.20 ± 1.5)in girls. A total of 9 patients were classified as non-classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia(NCCAH,16.4%),15 as IPA(27.3%),14 as IPP(25.4%),16 as HPGA function launch(29.1%)and 1 with exaggerated adrenarche(EA,1.8%). There was no significant difference in the diagnostic rate of NCCAH between ACTH stimulation test and CYP21 A2 gene detection(P=0.596). The sex hormone binding protein(SHBP)of IPA was reduced(P=0.007). CONCLUSION: The etiology of premature pubarche-non-classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia(16.4%)is not uncommon. The ACTH stimulation test is useful for the diagnosis of NCCAH,but the sensitivity is not 100%.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817787

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】 To guide the nutritional intervention of children in the clinical practice ,by exploring the effect of over-nutrition in postnatal life on growth of the female SD rats.【Methods】We established the rat model of intra? uterine growth retardation(IUGR)through diet restriction in pregnant rats and selected female newborn rats that met the criteria as the experimental group(group I). Group I was randomly divided into control group(group IC)and small group(group IS). Fifty-eight female newborn rats with normal diet in pregnant period(group C)were also divided into control group(group CC)and small group(group CS). After 21-days-lactation,group IC and group CC were randomly subdivided into 4 rats per cage,and then fed with normal diet,while group IS and group CS were fed with high fat diet. We measured the body weight and the body length of each rat every week. Serum fasting insulin,fasting blood glucose,IGF-1,IGF- BP3 levels,and rat insulin sensitivity index(ISI)were measured at different growth and development stages.【Results】 The body weight and body length of group IS were higher than those of group IC(P<0.05);the same was true for group CS and group CC. In the different growth and development stages,the FINS,FBG,IGF- 1 and IGF- BP3 of group IS were higher than those of group IC(P < 0.05),the ISI was lower than that of group IC(P < 0.05). Besides,the FINS,FBG of group CS were higher than those of group CC and the ISI of group CS was lower than that of group CC in the 75 days after birth(P < 0.05).【Conclusions】We found that those small for gestational age infants can be added nutrition appropriately for rapid catch-up,but it is necessary to evaluate the growth index closely and adjust the nutrition on time. Children with normal intrauterine development also need to prevent over-nutrition.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771116

ABSTRACT

A multiple-stimuli-responsive drug-conjugated cross-linked micelles was prepared by radical copolymerization. The chemical structure, morphology, and size of the cross-linked micelles were characterized, and the drug loading of the micelle was calculated. The experimental results indicated that the hydrodynamic size of the drug-loaded micelles were about 100 nm, and the as prepared micelles could be degraded and swelled in presence of reducing glutathione (GSH). The low critical solution temperature (LCST) of the micelle was around 39.4℃. According to the experimental results, the micelles will shrink at temperature above the LCST. Subsequently, the accumulative drug release rate was up to 91.78% under acidic (pH 5.0), reductive (GSH 10 mmol/L) and high temperature (42.0℃) conditions mimicking the tumor microenvironment, while a relatively low release rate of 1.12% was observed without stimulation. The drug-conjugated cross-linked micelles showed a strong cell uptake behavior. In the cytotoxicity assay, the micelles exhibited effective anti-cancer activity and excellent biocompatibility. In brief, the experimental results show that the as-prepared drug-conjugated cross-linked micelle exhibits multiple stimuli-responsiveness, which holds great promise for anti-cancer drug delivery.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775815

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of chromosomal translocations on the composition of embryonic chromosomes and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#For 52 couples with one partner carrying a chromosomal translocation, results of next generation sequencing of all embryos derived from 61 cycles were divided into different groups based on the type of translocations, gender of the carrier, and maternal age. Effect of parental chromosomal translocations on the composition of embryonic chromosomes of each group was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A significant difference was found between carriers of reciprocal and Robertsonian translocations in terms of proportion of abnormal embryos and structurally normal chromosomes (63.3% vs. 27.5%, and 1.1% vs. 0.3%, respectively). Compared with male carriers, there was an increase in the rate of abnormalities for female carriers (67.2% vs. 58.3% for reciprocal translocations, and 45.5% vs. 13.8% for Robertsonian translocations). The risk for chromosomal abnormality also increased with the maternal age. No significant difference was found in the proportion of abnormal embryos between carriers divided by involvement of acrocentric chromosomes or terminal chromosomal breakpoints.@*CONCLUSION@#The types of parental translocation, gender of carrier, maternal age, and interchromosomal effect have certain effect on the composition of embryonic chromosomes.


Subject(s)
Chromosomes, Human , Genetics , Female , Genetic Carrier Screening , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Male , Maternal Age , Pregnancy , Preimplantation Diagnosis , Translocation, Genetic
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300381

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the distribution characteristics and clinical features of Burkholderia cepacia infection in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 16 children with Burkholderia cepacia infection who were hospitalized between June 2012 and September 2017.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All 16 children with Burkholderia cepacia infection were sporadic cases. A total of 16 strains of Burkholderia cepacia were isolated, among which 8 were detected by sputum culture, 5 were detected by blood culture, 2 were detected by tracheal intubation tip culture, and 1 was detected by lung biopsy culture. Of the 16 children, there were 11 boys and 5 girls, with an age of 5 days to 6 years, and the children aged <1 year accounted for 69%. As for department distribution, 10 children were in the PICU/NICU and 6 were in the general wards. As for clinical manifestations, one child had disseminated intravascular coagulation, and the other 15 children had pulmonary infection, among who 11 had severe pneumonia (8 of them underwent mechanical ventilation during treatment). As for underlying diseases, 2 had severe congenital heart disease, 4 had primary immunodeficiency, 3 were highly suspected of immunodeficiency or inherited metabolic diseases, 1 had tracheal stenosis, 1 had Kawasaki disease, 1 was a preterm infant with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, 1 had severe cleft lip and palate, and 3 had no definite underlying diseases. Of all the children, 7 also had infections with adenovirus and Mycoplasma. The average length of hospital stay was 20.3 days for all children, and 12 were improved and 4 died after treatment. All 16 strains of Burkholderia cepacia had a drug resistance rate of 100% to amikacin and gentamicin and ≥80% to ampicillin/sulbactam and ticarcillin/clavulanic acid, as well as the lowest drug resistance rate to levofloxacin.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Burkholderia cepacia is an opportunistic pathogen often found in immunocompromised children and can produce drug resistance. The presence or absence of underlying diseases should be considered during anti-infective therapy. The children with Burkholderia cepacia infection often have a poor prognosis, and an understanding of the disease spectrum of Burkholderia cepacia infection helps with clinical diagnosis and treatment.</p>

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712963

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To investigate the effect of letrozole on the reproductive function and linear growth in the early and mid pubertal boys.[Methods] 43 early and middle pubertal boy with seriously damaged predict adult height,treated with letrozole 1.5 mg/m2/d Po ((>)2.5mg/d) were enrolled as treatment group.48 cases of healthy pubertal boys were enrolled as control.Growth parameters,sex hormone profiles,IGF-1,AMH and Inhibin B (INHB) were elevated at the beginning and after letrozole treatment.[Results] At baseline,no significant differences appeared in age,bone age,observation time,height for chronological age,height for bone age,midparental target height,BMI,or testis volume between two groups.After intervention,treatment group of bone age delayed,predict adult height increased,testicular volume increased and BMI increased compared with the control group (P=0.001,0.018,0.002,and 0.027,respectively).The serum FSH,△FSH,LH,△LH,LH/FSH,T,and △T in the treatment groups were much higher (all P<0.001),while the serum E2 and △ E2 levels were obviously lower than the control group (P=0.043 and P=0.033,respectively).17 cases of control group and 13 cases of treatment group had serum AMH,INHB level tested before and after letrozole treatment.Serum AMH level in the control group appeared with a decreasing trend with the progress of puberty,while the treatment group showed the opposite tendency.And the △ AMH was significant difference between control group and treatment group (P<0.001).The serum INHB in the two groups increased in varying degrees after the intervention,the INHB level in control group increased more than the treatment group,but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.517).[Conclusion] Letrozole treatment can elevated levels of serum T with E2 reduce,bone age delay,predict adult height improved,and can obviously promote the secondary sex characters development in adolescent boys.And the longer letrozole treatment time,the more obvious growth effect.As to the reproductive function,letrozole may have inhibitory effect on testis maturity and cannot deny testis sertoli cells function affected with letrozole exposure.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712958

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To investigate the molecular mechanism of miR-192/-215 targeting BIVM in human gastric cancer.[Methods] First,BIVM was the target gene of miR-192/-215 screened by the target gene prediction in solico and gene microarrays.Real-time quantitative PCR verified the results of the microarrays.Then the double-luciferase reporter plasmids were constructed to test that BIVM was the target gene of miR-192/-215.Subsequently,BIVM-siRNA was transfected,to know the effects of BIVM-siRNA on proliferation and apoptosis of gastric cancer cells.8 nude mice were randomly divided into two groups:BIVM-siRNA experimental group and NSC-siRNA control group.Gastric cancer cells transfected with BIVM-SiRNA were implanted under the skin of nude mice to observe the effect of BIVM on the tumorigenicity of gastric cancer cells.[Results] BIVM was screened as miR-192/-215 target gene by gene microarrays and quantitative PCR.Double-luciferase reporting assays were performed to identify the BIVM as miR-192/-215 target gene.The cell proliferation assays showed that BIVM promoted the proliferation of gastric cancer cells (P<0.05).Test of flow cytometry showed that BIVM inhibited the apoptosis of gastric cancer cells (P<0.05).Mouse tumorigenesis test confirmed that BIVM could promote gastric cancer cells growth in vivo (P<0.05).[Conclusion] BIVM plays a role in the carcinogenesis of gastric cancer,and miR-192/-215 targeting BIVM promotes the development of gastric cancer.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740756

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common disease characterized by intestinal dysmotility, the mechanism of which remains elusive. We aim to determine whether the high-affinity choline transporter 1 (CHT1), a determinant of cholinergic signaling capacity, modulates intestinal motility associated with stress-induced IBS. METHODS: A rat IBS model was established using chronic water avoidance stress (WAS). Colonic pathological alterations were evaluated histologically and intestinal motility was assessed by intestinal transit time and fecal water content (FWC). Visceral sensitivity was determined by visceromotor response to colorectal distension. RT-PCR, western blotting, and immunostaining were performed to identify colonic CHT1 expression. Contractility of colonic muscle strips was measured using isometric transducers. enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure acetylcholine (ACh). We examined the effects of MKC-231, a choline uptake enhancer, on colonic motility. RESULTS: After 10 days of WAS, intestinal transit time was decreased and fecal water content increased. Visceromotor response magnitude in WAS rats in response to colorectal distension was significantly enhanced. Protein and mRNA CHT1 levels in the colon were markedly elevated after WAS. The density of CHT1-positive intramuscular interstitial cells of Cajal and myenteric plexus neurons in WAS rats was higher than in controls. Ammonium pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate partly reversed CHT1 upregulation and alleviated colonic hypermotility in WAS rats. Pharmacological enhancement of CHT1 activity by MKC-231 enhanced colonic motility in control rats via upregulation of CHT1 and elevation of ACh production. CONCLUSION: Upregulation of CHT1 in intramuscular interstitial cells of Cajal and myenteric plexus neurons is implicated in chronic stress-induced colonic hypermotility by modulation of ACh synthesis via nuclear factor-kappa B signaling.


Subject(s)
Acetylcholine , Ammonium Compounds , Animals , Blotting, Western , Choline , Colon , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Gastrointestinal Motility , Interstitial Cells of Cajal , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Models, Animal , Myenteric Plexus , Neurons , Rats , RNA, Messenger , Transducers , Up-Regulation , Water
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1378-1383, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301720

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the molecular mechanism of resistance to imatinib in K562 cells(K562-R) and the anti-proliferative effect of oridonin (OR), as well as its mechanism in imatinib-sensitive and imatinib-resistant K562 cells (K562-S and K562-R cells).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of p-Lyn in K562-S and K562-R cells were detected by Western blot. The anti-proliferative effect of OR in K562-S and K562-R cells was assayed by MTT, the morphological changes were examined with microscope, the cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry, the expressions of BCL-2 and Akt/mTOR signaling pathway were detected by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The over-expression of p-Lyn was detcected in K562-R cells, OR inhibited the proliferation of K562-S and K562-R cells and the value of ICwas 4.23±1.30, 4.97±2.23 µmol/L, respectively. The apoptotic rate was obviously enhanced after OR treatment for 24 h, compared with control group. OR down-regulated the expression of p-Lyn, mTOR signaling pathway and BCL-2 protein.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Over-expression of p-Lyn may be involved in the mechanism of resistance to imatinib. OR can inhibit the proliferation of K562-S and K562-R cells through down-regulating p-Lyn, inhibiting mTOR signaling pathway and down-regulating expression of BCL-2 protein.</p>

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665488

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of continuous management of cancer pain patients by group follow-up model. Methods A total of 86 cases of cancer pain patients discharged from oncology department from March to May 2016 were selected and grouped according to the number of inpatients. The control group(44 cases)was treated with conventional intervention, and the experimental group(42 cases) was followed by team follow-up. The cancer pain control effect and quality of life were evaluated in the two groups after 1 month. Results The average degree of pain degree within 24 h in the past pain after intervention respectively was (2.90 ± 0.85) (2.56 ± 0.79) points in the experimental group and (4.17 ± 0.92) (4.00 ± 1.18) points in the control group, there was statistically significant difference between the two groups (t=6.618, 6.492, P < 0.01). The quality of life in physical function, cognitive function, social function, general health level was(66.83 ± 20.02),(69.33 ± 15.45),(61.17 ± 16.50),(63.83 ± 17.93)points in the experimental group,(27.83 ± 11.97),(36.17 ± 16.24),(26.14 ± 17.29),(28.23 ± 17.43)points in the control group, there were significant differences(t =4.224-9.727,P<0.05 or 0.01). There was no significant difference in role function and emotion function between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusions The continuous management of team follow-up can help the patients with cancer pain continue to receive standard treatment and care after discharge, which will help improve the patient's pain control level and improve the quality of life.

17.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 1029-1032, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662597

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of monitoring blood pressure via superficial temporal artery catheterization in neonates,which may provide more ways to monitor arterial blood pressure of neonates.Methods By lottery method,64 neonates from NICU who met inclusion criteria and needed arterial blood pressure monitoring were randomly divided into two groups.Thirty-two cases in the experimental group were treated with superficial temporal artery catheterization,while 32 cases in the control group were treated with radial artery catheterization.The success rate of one-time catheterization,indwelling time of catheter,blood pressure and the rate of complications were compared between two groups.Results There were no significant differences between two groups in the success rate of one-time catheterization,indwelling time of catheter,systolic blood pressure and the rate of complications (P>0.05).Results showed there was significant difference in diastolic blood pressure between two groups(P< 0.05).Conclusion Compared with radial artery blood catheterization,neonatal superficial temporal artery catheterization showed equivalent effect,which made it more convenient for observing condition of neonates.

18.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 1055-1058, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662595

ABSTRACT

According to the professional characteristics of the operating room,on the basis of basic principles of hierarchical management and post management of nursing department,taking clinical needs as guiding ideology,combined with the development needs of surgical departments,we developed the operating room nursing staff management model,and set up 23 jobs.We adjusted it accordingly in practice,and constantly optimized nurses' career plan by providing clinical,teaching,research,management and other multi-channel development direction,meanwhile provided better quality care for patients.

19.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 1029-1032, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660382

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of monitoring blood pressure via superficial temporal artery catheterization in neonates,which may provide more ways to monitor arterial blood pressure of neonates.Methods By lottery method,64 neonates from NICU who met inclusion criteria and needed arterial blood pressure monitoring were randomly divided into two groups.Thirty-two cases in the experimental group were treated with superficial temporal artery catheterization,while 32 cases in the control group were treated with radial artery catheterization.The success rate of one-time catheterization,indwelling time of catheter,blood pressure and the rate of complications were compared between two groups.Results There were no significant differences between two groups in the success rate of one-time catheterization,indwelling time of catheter,systolic blood pressure and the rate of complications (P>0.05).Results showed there was significant difference in diastolic blood pressure between two groups(P< 0.05).Conclusion Compared with radial artery blood catheterization,neonatal superficial temporal artery catheterization showed equivalent effect,which made it more convenient for observing condition of neonates.

20.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 1055-1058, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660380

ABSTRACT

According to the professional characteristics of the operating room,on the basis of basic principles of hierarchical management and post management of nursing department,taking clinical needs as guiding ideology,combined with the development needs of surgical departments,we developed the operating room nursing staff management model,and set up 23 jobs.We adjusted it accordingly in practice,and constantly optimized nurses' career plan by providing clinical,teaching,research,management and other multi-channel development direction,meanwhile provided better quality care for patients.

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