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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908931

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether the action research on the pre-service training evaluation system of "Internet + TCM Nursing" guided by CIPP (context, input, process and product) and Kirkpatrick Model can improve the training effect of nursing staff under the background of internet and TCM nursing service.Methods:Taking 211 nurses of "Internet + TCM Nursing" in Guangdong Provincial Hospital of TCM from 2019 to 2020 as the research objects, action teams were made, and the data were collected and analyzed by various methods. According to the collected data, the action teams constructed the training scheme of "Internet + TCM Nursing", the compilation requirements of "internet + TCM Nursing", the case optimization scheme of "internet + TCM Nursing" process, and the evaluation model of "internet + TCM Nursing". After the training, the nurses' knowledge, skills and related attitudes, the general reaction and feelings to the training programs, and the evaluation of nurses' work performance by the competent leaders, medical staff and clients were compared by comparing their scores and issuing self-made questionnaires. SPSS 20.0 software was used for statistical analysis.Results:The results showed that the theoretical scores of nurses after training were (85.16±6.22) points, and the case assessment scores after training [(81.22±7.03) points] were higher than the previous theoretical scores [(61.23±12.90) points] and the case assessment scores [(59.54±14.41) points], with statistical significance ( P<0.001). The results of self-made questionnaire showed that there were significant differences in theoretical knowledge, skills and related attitudes among nurses after training ( P<0.001). In the process of training, there were statistically significant differences in training content, teacher training, training implementation and training guarantee at the end of training ( P<0.001). After training, there were significant differences in the evaluation of nurses' job performance by leaders in charge, medical staff and clients improved in knowledge and skills, professional ethics, working process and learning ability, and the improvement rate ( P<0.001). Conclusion:Action research is an effective research method to continuously improve nursing training. The optimization scheme of "internet + TCM Nursing" nurses based on CIPP and Kirkpatrick Model through action research can effectively improve the training effect.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908899

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the quality of humanistic care for nursing students in Hebei province and to analyze its influencing factors.Methods:The humanistic care quality assessment scale of nursing students was designed and used as the research tool. A questionnaire survey was conducted among 2 693 nursing students from 11 medical colleges and universities in Hebei province and the results were analyzed. SPSS 21.0 was used for statistical analysis. Measurement data were expressed by (mean±standard deviation). The single factor analysis of variance and independent sample t-test were used for comparative study, and the multiple linear regression method was used to analyze the influencing factors. Results:The total Cronbach's coefficient of the scale was 0.966, and the Cronbach's coefficient of each dimension was 0.780-0.959, proving that the scale could be used. The data showed that the overall quality of humanistic care of nursing students in Hebei province was (119.70 ± 15.35), and the overall score rate was 85.50%. Among them, the comparison results of education background, grade, participation in volunteer activities, personality, the degree of concern of surrounding people, family atmosphere, and whether the teacher mentioned humanistic care were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The quality of humanistic care for nursing students in Hebei province is at a relatively high level. Colleges and universities can provide targeted education according to the current situation and influencing factors, create a good humanistic classroom atmosphere for nursing students, encourage nursing students to actively participate in humanistic practice, and improve the quality of humanistic care for nursing students.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907122

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo describe the epidemiological characteristics of confirmed COVID-19 cases in Shangrao City, and provide scientific evidence for the development of prevention and control strategies. MethodsEpidemiological characteristics of 123 confirmed cases, such as time, sex, age, occupations, area, and source of infection, were analyzed by combining epidemiological investigation with laboratory testing. ResultsOf the 123 confirmed cases, 34 were imported cases and 89 were local cases. The sex ratio was 1.32∶1. Average time interval of the COVID-19 was (18.4±4.4) days, with a median time interval between the onset and final diagnosis of 5 days. There were 19 clustering cases, of which 89.5% were family clusters and 77.3% occurred in families. Majority of the cases were common type. The main source of infection was travelers from the epidemic areas. ConclusionHealth monitoring of travelers from epidemic areas and strict quarantine of close contacts are the main measures to control the spread of the COVID-19 epidemic.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907099

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo describe the epidemiological characteristics of confirmed COVID-19 cases in Shangrao City, and provide scientific evidence for the development of prevention and control strategies. MethodsEpidemiological characteristics of 123 confirmed cases, such as time, sex, age, occupations, area, and source of infection, were analyzed by combining epidemiological investigation with laboratory testing. ResultsOf the 123 confirmed cases, 34 were imported cases and 89 were local cases. The sex ratio was 1.32∶1. Average time interval of the COVID-19 was (18.4±4.4) days, with a median time interval between the onset and final diagnosis of 5 days. There were 19 clustering cases, of which 89.5% were family clusters and 77.3% occurred in families. Majority of the cases were common type. The main source of infection was travelers from the epidemic areas. ConclusionHealth monitoring of travelers from epidemic areas and strict quarantine of close contacts are the main measures to control the spread of the COVID-19 epidemic.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923262

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922775

ABSTRACT

Oral mucositis (OM) caused by cancer therapy is the most common adverse reaction in the radiotherapy of head and neck tumors. In severe cases, it can lead to the interruption of treatment, which affects the control of the disease and the quality of life. Shuanghua Baihe Tablet (SBT) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula, which is administerd to treat OM in China. It has been clinically effective for more than 30 years, but the underlying mechanism is not completely understood. With the development of multiple omics, it is possible to explore the mechanism of Chinese herbal compound prescriptions. Based on transcriptomics and metabolomics, we explored the underlying mechanism of SBT in the treatment of OM. An OM model of rats was established by 5-FU induction, and SBT was orally administered at dosages of 0.75 and 3 g·kg


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Metabolome , Quality of Life , Rats , Stomatitis , Tablets , Transcriptome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921674

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the enhancing effect of muscone on the transdermal penetration of traditional Chinese medicine ingredients and explore its possible mechanism of action. The Franz diffusion cells were employed to investigate the effect of muscone on the transdermal permeation of a series of model drugs with a wide range of log P values. The solubilities at saturation and the stratum corneum(SC)/vehicle partition coefficients of model drugs were measured to evaluate the effect of muscone on drug thermodynamic activities and partition of drugs into SC. Attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(ATR-FTIR) was employed to explore the effect of muscone on the molecular structure of SC. The results showed that muscone significantly promoted the transdermal penetration of hydrophilic and lipophilic drugs, and the enhancement ratio(ER) increased with the decrease in the log P. Muscone could interact with the SC lipids to increase the disorder and fluidity of lipid bilayer packing, which improved skin permeability and promoted transdermal absorption of drugs. This study provides a scientific basis for the application of muscone in traditional Chinese medicine topical preparations.


Subject(s)
Administration, Cutaneous , Animals , Cycloparaffins , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Permeability , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Skin/metabolism , Skin Absorption
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921661

ABSTRACT

Quercetin is a naturally occurring phytochemical with good bioactivity, which mainly exists in the form of glycoside in vegetables, fruits, tea, and wine and exhibits beneficial health effects. Quercetin is a dietary polyphenol that exerts the protective effects through diet or use as a food supplement. Compared with chemical agents, quercetin is widely available and safe. Quercetin has been extensively studied for its anti-diabetic, anti-hypertensive, anti-Alzheimer's disease, anti-arthritic, anti-influenza virus, anti-microbial infection, anti-aging, autophagy-regulating, and cardiovascular protective effects. Studies on its activities against different can-cer cell lines have also been reported recently. However, the poor water solubility, rapid in vivo metabolism, and short half-life of quercetin have led to its low bioavailability, thus limiting its application in the field of medicine. Quercetin nanoparticles and nanoparticle drug delivery system have been effectively utilized for enhancing its bioavailability. This paper reviewed the therapeutic potential of quercetin from both preclinical and clinical aspects and proposed solutions to improve its bioavailability, so as to provide a reference for the therapeutic application of natural compounds in the field of medicine.


Subject(s)
Biological Availability , Drug Delivery Systems , Nanoparticles , Quercetin , Solubility
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887747

ABSTRACT

Malocclusion is one of the three most common oral diseases reported by World Health Organization(WHO). In China, its incidence rate is rising. Malocclusion seriously affects the dental and maxillofacial function, facial appearance and growth development of nearly 260 million children in China, and what is more, it affects their physical and mental health development. Malocclusion occurrence is related to genetic and environmental factors. Early treatment of malocclusion can create a good dental and maxillofacial development environment, correct abnormal growth and control the adverse effects of abnormal genetic factors. It can effectively reduce the prevalence of children's malocclusion and enhance their physical and mental health. This is an urgent need from the economic perspective of our society, so it has great practical and social significance. Experts from the project group "standard diagnose and treatment protocols for early orthodontic intervention of malocclusions of children" which initiated by China National Health Institute of Hospital Administration wrote the "China Experts' Consensus on Preventive and Interceptive Orthodontic Treatments of Malocclusions of Children", which aims to guide and popularize the clinical practice, improve the clinical theory and practice level, and accelerate the disciplinary development of early treatment of children's malocclusion in China. The consensus elaborates the harmfulness of malocclusion and the necessity of early treatment, and brings up the principles and fundamental contents. Based on the law of dental and maxillofacial development, this paper puts forward the guiding suggestions of preventive and interceptive treatments in different stages of dental development ranging from fetus to early permanent dentition. It is a systematic project to promote and standardize the early treatment of malocclusion. Through scientific and comprehensive stratified clinical practice and professional training, the clinical system of early treatment of malocclusion in China will eventually be perfected, so as to comprehensively care for children's dental and maxillofacial health, and improve their oral and physical health in China.


Subject(s)
Child , China/epidemiology , Consensus , Dental Care , Humans , Malocclusion/prevention & control , Orthodontics, Interceptive
10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873475

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873474

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873473

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873472

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873471

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873470

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873469

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873468

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873467

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 540-544, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873466

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To study the characteristics and related influencing factors of subfoveal choroidal thickness(SFCT)changing with time in children with myopia. <p>METHODS: Totally 60 eyes of 60 children with myopia aged 6-15 years old who were admitted to the Eye Hospital of Nanchang University from July 2018 to September 2018 were included. IOP, axial length, equivalent spherical degree and SFCT were measured at baseline and 6mo of follow-up, respectively. Analyze the changes of the above-mentioned eye parameters and related influencing factors of SFCT. <p>RESULTS: Compared with baseline, follow-up for 6mo, myopic children's SFCT decreased by 8±14μm(<i>P</i><0.001), the axial length increased by 0.15±0.16mm(<i>P</i><0.001), and the equivalent spherical degree increased by -0.34±0.33D(<i>P</i><0.001), and there is a significant correlation between the SFCT change value and the axial length and equivalent spherical power change value(<i>r</i>s=-0.701, 0.633, both <i>P</i><0.001), indicating faster axial growth and myopia increasing is related to more thinning of the membrane thickness. Multiple linear regression analysis shows that SFCT is significantly correlated with axial length(<i>P</i>=0.001).<p>CONCLUSION: The SFCT of myopic children becomes thinner over time, and the axial length is negatively correlated with SFCT, and children with faster axial growing and greater myopia increasing are usually accompanied by more SFCT thinning.

20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873465

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

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