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1.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 428-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982762

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of nasal provocation test(NPT) in evaluating the efficacy of allergen immunotherapy(AIT) in patients with dust mite induced allergic rhinitis(AR). Methods:A total of 83 patients with dust mite induced AR with/without asthma were included. Symptom score(SS), daily medication score(DMS), combined symptom and medication score(CSMS), rhinoconjunctivitis quality of life questionnaire(RQLQ), NPT and skin prick test(SPT) were assessed before and after 1 year AIT. Results:There were statistical differences in SS(P<0.000 1), DMS(P<0.000 1), CSMS(P<0.000 1), and RQLQ(P<0.000 1) after 1 year of AIT compared with pre-treatment. The effective rate of CSMS was 73.49%, and the effective rate of NPT was 42.17%. CSMS was consistent with NPT in efficacy assessment(Kappa=0.437, P<0.001); while in 54 patients with pre-treatment NPT concentrations other than the original concentration, CMSM and NPT showed better consistence(Kappa=0.895, P<0.001). Among the 48 patients with ineffective NPT assessment in the first year, 25 patients completed the second-year follow-up, and 12 patients(48.00%) showed effective in NPT. However, 10 out of 12 patients(83.33%) with NPT concentration other than original solution pre-treatment showed effective NPT at the second year. Conclusion:NPT can be used as one of the indicators for efficacy evaluation for dust mite induced AR patients, especially for patients with positive NPT induced at lower concentrations before treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Pyroglyphidae , Allergens , Nasal Provocation Tests , Quality of Life , Rhinitis, Allergic/therapy , Desensitization, Immunologic , Skin Tests , Dust
2.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 88-93, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934018

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution of HIV-1 genotypes and drug resistance in newly diagnosed HIV-1 patients in Baoding in 2020.Methods:A self-developed method was used to amplify the pol gene sequence of HIV-1, and the sequencing results were analyzed by phylogenetic analysis and compared with the Stanford drug resistance database to determine the HIV-1 subtypes and gene mutations. Results:A total of 96 patients with HIV-1 infection were recruited in this study, and 83 pol gene sequences were successfully obtained. In the study population, 88 (91.7%) were male with an average age of 39 years and 54 (56.3%) were married. Most of the patients were infected through sexual contact (95.8%, 92/96), and 75.0% (72/96) were through homosexual transmission. Phylogenetic analysis showed that various HIV-1 subtypes were detected and among them, CRF01_AE (51.8%, 43/83), CRF07_BC (24.1%, 20/83) and B subtype (10.8%, 9/83) were the most epidemic strains. Moreover, the subtypes of newly identified recombinant strains in recent years accounted for 13.3% (11/83). Drug resistance test results showed that the pre-treatment drug resistance rate in newly diagnosed HIV-1 patients was 8.4% (7/83), and the drug resistance rates to protease inhibitor (PIs), non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) and integrase inhibitors (INIs) were 3.6% (3/83), 1.2% (1/83) and 3.6% (3/83), respectively. Conclusions:The HIV-1 subtypes in the newly diagnosed population in Baoding in 2020 were complex and diverse. There were many unique recombinant strains and drug-resistant strains. Therefore, it was necessary to strengthen drug resistance monitoring as well as the prevention and control of HIV-1 infection in this area.

3.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 572-583, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930480

ABSTRACT

The diagnosis of food allergy in children is one hotspot attracting people′s attention in recent years.The incidence of it shows an increasing trend which exposes problems in the understanding of children′s food allergy in China, especially in the misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.To further standardize the diagnosis and treatment of food allergy in children, based on the current domestic, foreign guidelines and relevant research evidence, the guideline recommends 16 clinical hot-button issues in the 4 aspects of diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and prevention.Finally, a diagnosis flowchart has been formulated.The guideline aims to improve the standard diagnosis and treatment of food allergies in children in China.

4.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 967-975, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909131

ABSTRACT

In the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)pandemic,thousands of health care wor- kers (HCWs)worldwide infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2),some even have lost their lives.At the early stage of the epidemic,some Chinese HCWs were infected.Owing to limited knowledge of characteristics of SARS-CoV-2,more than 3,000 HCWs in Hubei Province contracted SARS-CoV-2 at the early stage of the outbreak.Due to overloaded work of HCWs in local hospitals,more than 42,000 HCWs (including HCWs from the military)were dispatched to Hubei Province from all over the country.At the peak of epidemic,one in 10 intensive care HCWs in China were working in Wuhan.During fighting against COVID-19 in China,although a certain number of HCWs were infected with SARS-CoV-2 at the early stages of the epidemic, effective prevention was achieved through timely adoption of prevention measures,including fast diagnosis,timely isolation of patients,strengthening of HCWs'safety,intensified training on basic protective knowledge and unified management of HCWs,there was no report about infection among the 42,632 members of the national medical teams sent to Hubei,and the number of COVID-19 cases among HCWs in local hospitals also significantly de- creased,thereby indicating that healthcare-associated infection (HAI)of COVID-19 among HCWs are fully pre- ventable.This paper explores how to prevent HCWs from contracting SARS-CoV-2 through effective measures during the epidemic in Wuhan,China.

5.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 185-192, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744330

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with the widespread use of broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents, multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) have emerged and become more and more common, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), which pose severe challenge to clinical anti-infective treatment and prevention and control of healthcare-associated infection. The new antimicrobial agents and bacterial resistance have developed at the same time, development of bacterial resistance seems to have a tendency to overwhelm the development of antimicrobial agents. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is now recognized as one of the major threat to human health worldwide. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) of America has proposed four core plans to address the challenge of MDROs: surveillance, antimicrobial management, improvement of antimicrobial agents and diagnosis, as well as prevention and control of transmission. In response to the severe threat of MDRO infection, prevention of infection should be focused on, antimicrobial management and HAI management should be grasped at the same time and attached sufficient importance, effective measures should be taken based on the source, route, and susceptible people of infection, multiple details and constant innovation should be paid attention to, the final victory can be achieved.

6.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 422-426, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824938

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of acupuncture treatment for depressive symptom in diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D). Methods: A total of 70 patients with IBS-D accompanied by depressive symptom were randomized into a control group and an observation group, with 35 cases in each group. The control group was treated with oral intake of pinaverium bromide tablets, and the observation group was treated with regulating liver and spleen acupuncture treatment. The two groups were treated for 4 weeks. The scores of IBS symptom severity scale (IBS-SSS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) were assessed before and after treatment. Results: After treatment, there were statistical significant differences in the scores of abdominal pain degree, abdominal pain frequency and defecation satisfaction level and the total score between the two groups (all P<0.05). The SDS score of the observation group was obviously decreased, and the improvement was significantly superior to that in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Acupuncture treatment can significantly improve gastrointestinal symptom and depressive symptom in patients with IBS-D.

7.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 281-285, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710759

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the treatment compliance and uric acid control rate in patients with primary gout.Methods One hundred primary gout patients with disease duration > 6 months treated in our hospital from June 2015 to June 2016 were enrolled in the study.The treatment compliance and disease control rate were evaluated with revised Chinese Compliance Questionnaire-Rheumatology (CCQR).Results Eighty four valid questionnaires was recovered for analysis.Among 84 patients there were 46 cases of high compliance (54.8%) and 38 cases of poor compliance (45.2%).The CCQR score in high compliance group was significantly higher than that in poor compliance group (73.48 ± 15.62 vs.48.37 ±10.96,t =8.352,P < 0.001).There were no significant differences in education level,personal income,family history,health insurance and type of uric-acid-lowering drugs between high compliance group and low compliance group (P > 0.05).The duration of gout was shorter in high compliance group than that in low compliance group [(6.12 ± 1.79) y vs.(13.24 ± 4.56) y,P < 0.001].The uric acid control rate in high compliance group was higher than that in poor compliance group (76.1% vs.36.8%,x2 =13.186,P =0.000 3);and the serum uric acid levels were (369.82 ± 35.67)μmol/L and (497.46 ± 63.49)μmol/L in two groups,respectively (t =11.606,P < 0.001).Conclusion It is necessary to strengthen health education for gout patients to improve the treatment compliance and to achieve the high uric acid control rate.

8.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 627-630,后插3, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707896

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with panniculitis who had breast involvement and to expand the understanding of the organ involvement of panniculitis.Methods The data of panniculitis patients with breast involvement were collected from our hospital during 2012.1.1 to 2017.7.1,including sex,age,clinical manifestations,laboratory tests,imaging examinations and treatments.Results A total of 7 panniculitis patients were included who had breast involvement.All patients were female,aged 28 to 45 years [mean,(35±6) years].Clinical manifestations included hypothermia (4/7),arthralgia (4/7),limb subcutaneous nodules (7/7) and breast nodules (7/7).Breast nodules occurred 1 to 4 months earlier than the limbs subcutaneous nodules in 6 cases and 11 years later than the limbs subcutaneous in 1 case.For laboratory tests:all patients had increased of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) (7/7) while only 2 patients had elevation of white blood cell count (2/6).One patient had breast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning.Seven patients underwent biopsy of limb subcutaneous nodules.The pathological findings were all consistent with the pathological characteristics of panniculitis.Three cases had breast nodules biopsy,which showed inflammation and decrease of fat tissue,several kinds of cells infiltration and granuloma formation.Treatment with antibiotic failed while glucocorticoid and immunosuppressive agents treatment was effective.Conclusion Pancreatitis can have breast involvement,mostly in young women,with breast painful nodules in most patients early than limb subcutaneous nodules.Breast enhancement MRI scanning and nodules biopsy have important value in the diagnosis of breast panniculitis.For patients with breast nodules as the first symptom and fail to response to antibiotic treatment,clinicians need to be alert to breast panniculitis and perform pathological biopsy to reduce the chance of misdiagnosis.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1766-1770, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668048

ABSTRACT

Aim To identify the potential biomarkers associated with carbon tetrachloride(CCl 4 )-induced a-cute hepatic injury in rats and explore the therapeutic effect of Hugan Tablets(HGT). Methods The model was established by intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 in oil(1 : 1,V/ V)with a dosage of 1 mL·kg - 1 body weight to rats once. The levels of aspartate aminotrans-ferase(AST),alanine aminotransferase(ALT),alka-line phosphatase (ALP ) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)in serum of rats were determined. Moreover,a proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1 H-NMR)based metabonomic approach in combination with multivariate data analysis was applied to demonstrate CCl4-induced acute hepatic injury metabolic perturbations in rat urine and feces and identify the corresponding metabolic bio-markers. The intervention effect of HGT was evaluated based on the changes of metabolic phenotype and po-tential biomarkers related to acute hepatic injury. Re-sults The levels of AST,ALT,ALP and LDH in ser-um of rats with acute hepatic injury were significantly reduced by administration of HGT,respectively. The disturbed metabolic state associated with CCl4-induced acute hepatic injury in rat urine and feces could be re-stored by HGT. Meanwhile,five potential biomarkers (2-oxoglutarate,citrate,creatinine,trimethylamine N-oxide,hippurate)in rat urine and three potential bio-markers(butyrate,glucose,uracil)in rat feces related to acute hepatic injury were reversed by administration of HGT,respectively. Conclusion HGT exerts pro-tective effects against CCl4-induced acute hepatic inju-ry in rats,which is probably mediated by regulation of tricarboxylic acid cycle and gut microbiota metabolism.

10.
Chinese Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 504-507, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666637

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate genetic polymorphism of OSU49 locus on Y chromosome among 300 unrelated males in Henan Han population and to assess its value in forensic science. Methods Under the case of informed consent, the blood samples were collected from 300 male individuals in Henan Han. The primer was labeled with florescent. PCR products were separated from ABI 3130 genetic analyzer. According to the typing test results, the sequence of different alleles was analyzed. Result OSU49 locus contained both pentanucleotide and tetranucleotide core sequence. In the Han population of Henan, the motif of OSU49 locus was showed (CTTTC)pCTT(CCCT)7 T(CTTTC)1(TCTT)5(TCCT)m(TCTT)nTCT(TCCT)4. The number of pentanucleotide repeats varied from12 to 17, and the number of tetranucleotide repeats varied from 20 to 30. Nomenclature for allele was according to the length of the fragment. A total of 34 alleles were detected. The gene diversity was 0.9186 and the discrimination power was 0.9155. Conclusion The complex repeats of locus OSU49 was highly polymorphic in Henan Han population, which can be used in forensic science and human genetics studies.

11.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2906-2908, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616381

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the curative efficacy and safety of subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) versus sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) for allergic rhinitis.Methods A total of 127 cases of patients with allergic rhinitis in the outpatient department of our hospital from June 2009 to March 2016 were retrospectively analyzed,including 79 cases treated with SCIT and 48 cases treated with SLIT.The curative effects and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups.Results After 3-year treatment,the total effective rate in the SCIT group was 75.9%,which was higher than 72.9% in the SLIT group,but the difference was not statistically significant (χ2=0.15,P>0.05).The incidence rate of adverse reactions in the SCIT group was 26.6%,which was higher than 10.4% in the SLIT group,the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (χ2=4.79,P<0.05).Conclusion The two desensitization treatment methods all gain better effect,but SLIT has lower occurrence rate of adverse reactions.

12.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 434-437, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858768

ABSTRACT

Transdermal drug delivery offers a number of advantages including improved patient compliance, sustained release, avoidance of gastric irritation, as well as elimination of pre-systemic first-pass effect. However, the skin barrier function limits the transdermal penetration of macromolecular drugs. Microneedle arrays can remarkably increase the skin permeability for drugs, especially macromolecular drugs, by forming microchannels in the skin. In recent years, the types and usages of microneedle have made great progress. This review focuses on remarking the wound repair and pharmacology evaluation, as well as introduces the microneedle percutaneous drug delivery system.

13.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 2193-2196, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477106

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution of human thyroid stimulation hormone(hTSH) in dried venous blood spots of neonatal screening for congenital hypothyroidism in Guilin ,and establish the hTSH cut‐off value for neonatal screening .Methods We selected 101 817 cases of neonatals with the local household registration from January 2011 to December 2013 ,and collected their venous blood to be made into dried venous blood spots on filter paper ,then the hTSH levels in dried blood spots were deter‐mined for congenital hypothyroidism ,According to screening results ,using the percentile method to calculate the hTSH P50 ,P99 of all the normal neonatals and neonatals that born in different quarters .Results Among 101 817 neonatals who were screened ,101 746 cases of normal neonatals ,71 cases of patients(including 47 cases of patients with CH ,24 cases of patients with high hTSH hy‐perlipidemia) ,the hTSH levels of normal neonatals showing a skewed distribution ,P50 ,P99 were 2 .45 μU/mL ,9 .86 μU/mL .the hTSH levels of the neonatal who were born in different quarters was changed with the change in the quarter ,P50 ,P99 were 2 .15μU/mL ,9 .20 μU/mL in The Spring ;P50 ,P99 were 1 .97 μU/mL ,8 .38 μU/mL in the summer ;P50 ,P99 were 2 .67 μU/mL ,10 .43μU/mL in the autumn ;P50 ,P99 were 2 .90μU/mL ,11 .15μU/mL in the winter .Through the analysis ,although the hTSH cut‐off of capillary blood spots that was used in the local center could be applied to dried venous blood spots ,but not ideal cut‐off value .Even‐tually ,the hTSH P99 9 .20μU /mL in the spring was identified as cut‐off value of dried venous blood spots for routine screening la‐boratory ,which had a sensitivity of 100 .00% ,a specificity of 36 .80% ,the diagnosis rate of 38 .96% ,and no missed phenomena .For the better service ,the hTSH value in the range of 9 .20-20 .00 μU/mL was defined as the boundary region ,and it was the danger region when the hTSH value was higher than 20 .00 μU/mL .Conclusion It is necessary to establish a reasonable hTSH cut‐off value to provide objective evidence for the use of dried venous blood spots of neonatal screening for congenital hypothyroidism ,ac‐cording to the boundary region and the danger region ,the recall chosen a different way ,the development of neonatal screening can be effectively promoted .

14.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 758-761, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466938

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the morbidity and clinical characteristics of knee osteoarthritis (OA) complicated with metabolic syndrome (MS).Methods Four hundred and ten patients with knee OA were enrolled into this survey.The subjects were divided into two groups:those with knee OA only:those with both OA and MS.Clinical data in the two groups were evaluated.Results The prevalence of MS was 40.2% in all knee OA patients,there was significant difference between the two groups according to the ratio of male to female (x2=5.853,P=0.001),but no difference between the two groups according to age distribution respectively (P>0.05).For metabolic parameters,waist circumference,triglyceride (TG),low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C),systolic blood pressure and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were significantly increased in the group with both of the two diseases (OA and MS),comparing with those with knee OA only (t=3.123,4.679,2.818,3.697,2.632,2.907,P<0.05).However,there was no difference in both group in serum total cholesterol (TC),high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and fasting plasma glucose level (P>0.05).Incidence of coronary heart disease,diabetes mellitus and hypertension was higher in the group with both OA and MS than that in knee OA only group (x2=6.676 and 104.12,P<0.05).The incidence of diabetes mellitus was not different between the two groups (P>0.05).Conclusion The incidence of metabolic syndrome in knee OA patients is relatively high.Effective treatment should be invited to treat knee OA with MS.

15.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 1321-1325, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747693

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics of ocular symptoms in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) and the impact of the ocular symptoms on patients' quality of life.@*METHOD@#AR patients' history and clinical data were collected and analyzed. One hundred cases were extracted from adult patients with and without ocular symptoms in each group and their quality of life were evaluated using rhino-conjunctivitis quality of life questionnaire (RQLQ).@*RESULT@#Totally 1119 cases were collected and 859 cases had ocular symptoms. Of the patients with ocular symptoms, 582 cases were mild, 234 cases were moderate, 43 cases were severe. Eye itching was the most common symptom, followed by tears, hyperemia and swelling. Patients with ocular symptoms had longer disease history than non ocular symptom group (P < 0.05). There was a positive correlation between ocular and nasal symptoms (P < 0.01); patients with ocular symptoms had more severe nasal symptoms than patients without ocular problems; while patients with moderate to severe AR had more severe ocular symptoms than mild AR patients (P < 0.01). Female patients had higher incidence (P < 0.05) and ocular symptoms score (P < 0.05) than male. Children less than 10 years old had a relative lower incidence and score of ocular symptoms. While the incidence and score had an increasing trend for patients older than fifty. There was no difference regarding the type and number of allergen in the patients with and without ocular symptom. Moreover, patients with ocular symptoms had higher scores in the domains of non-nose/eye symptoms, practical problems, ocular symptoms, emotional function and total score in RQLQ than patients without ocular symptom.@*CONCLUSION@#It was common for the AR patients to have ocular symptoms, and ocular symptoms had obvious influence on the patients' quality of life. So controlling of the ocular symptoms should not be ignored during the diagnosis and treatment of AR.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Allergens , Eye Diseases , Quality of Life , Rhinitis, Allergic , Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 418-422, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267528

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the relationship between SULF2 and WRN promoter methylation and chemosensitivity to irinotecan, and also the clinicopathological features in patients with gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The chemosensitivity to irinotecan was tested by MTT assay. The methylation of SULF2 and WRN promoter in the fresh gastric cancer tissues was detected by methylation specific PCR. The differences of chemosensitivity and clinicopathological features of the methylation group were compared with that of the non-methylation group. The tumor growth in nude mice bearing human gastric cancer xenografts treated with CPT-11was also observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The methylation rates of SULF2 and WRN were 28.4% (29/102) and 23.5% (24/102), respectively. There were no significant association between promoter methylation and clinicopathological features of patients including age, gender, histologic type, lymphatic invasion, and TNM Stage. In all the 102 cases, there were 30 cases of irrinotecan-sensitive group, and 72 cases of the irrinotecan-resistant group. The SULF2 methylation rate was 46.7% (14/30)in the sensitive group, and 20.8% (15/72) in the resistant group (P = 0.008),The WRN methylation rate was 33.3% (10/30) in the sensitive group, and 19.4% (14/72) in the resistant group (P = 0.214). Gastric cancer tissues were more sensitive to irrinotecan when both the genes were methylated. The nude mice bearing human gastric cancer xenografts with SULF2 methylation were more sensitive to irrinotecan.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The detection of SULF2 and WRN promoter methylation may provide evidence for screening and targeting the most sensitive gastric cancer subpopulation suitable for personalized irrinotecan chemotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Camptothecin , Pharmacology , DNA Methylation , Exodeoxyribonucleases , Metabolism , Methylation , Promoter Regions, Genetic , RecQ Helicases , Metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms , Metabolism , Sulfotransferases , Metabolism , Werner Syndrome Helicase
17.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1003-1007, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814750

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of calcium ionophore (CI) A23187 plus IFN-γ on dendritic cells (DC) from healthy human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC).@*METHODS@#PBMNC from healthy donors were treated with GM-CSF plus IL-4, A23187, and A23187 plus IFN-γ, respectively. After culture for 72 h, the change of cellular morphology was observed under light microscope and electron microscope. Surface markers on DC were analyzed by flow cytometry. MTT colorimetry was used to detect the proliferation of allogeneic T cells. Plasma concentrations of IL-12 and IFN-γ were measured by ELISA.@*RESULTS@#PBMNC treated with A23187 plus IFN-γ for 72 h presented DC with typical morphology effectively. The surface markers CD40, CD83, and CD86 were obviously increased in group A23187 plus IFN-γ (P<0.01), but decreased in CD1a (P<0.01). In addition, it evidently stimulated the proliferation of allogeneic T cells. The levels of IL-12 and IFN-γ were significantly increased compared with other groups (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#A23187 plus IFN-γ can effectively enhance marked transformation of PBMNC into DC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calcimycin , Pharmacology , Calcium Ionophores , Pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Dendritic Cells , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Pharmacology , Interferon-gamma , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Interleukin-12 , Metabolism , Interleukin-4 , Pharmacology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Cell Biology , T-Lymphocytes , Cell Biology
18.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 295-299, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749412

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of Sanchi Tong Shu capsule in the treatment of common aural vertigo.@*METHOD@#A multi-center randomized controlled trial was designed to study 206 vertigo patients who were randomly allocated into one of the two groups. One group was treated with Sanchi Tong Shu capsule for 14 days, another group was treated with betahistine mesilate tablets for 14 days.@*RESULT@#The clinical effectiveness rates of the two groups were 84.86% and 90.92% respectively according to FAS analysis and 84.76%, 90.92% respectively according to PPS analysis. No statistic significance difference was found between the two groups (P > 0.05). After 14 days treatment, total DHI and all the subsection (including body, emotion and function) scores of the two groups were all decreased compared with treatment before (P 0.05). The adverse effective rate of the two groups were 3.29% and 7.84% respectively and there was no statistic difference between the two groups (P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Sanchi Tong Shu capsule is a safe and effective drug for the treatment of common aural vertigo.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Betahistine , Therapeutic Uses , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Meniere Disease , Drug Therapy , Phytotherapy , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 414-417, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427151

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between plasma anti-β2-glycoprotein I (anti-β2-GP I )and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).Methods Eighty-onepatients with SLE [the mean age was (45±18) years old,among whom 73 were female and 8 were male] and20 controls [the mean age was (43±17) years old,among whom 14 were female,and 6 were male] wereenrolled.Plasma anti-β2-GP I was measured by ELLSA.The relationship between plasma anti-β2-GP I level and CVD in SLE patients was investigated with Logistic regression model.T-test,x2 test,Spearman's correlations and Logistic regression analysis were used for statistical analysis.Results Mean plasma anti-β2-GP I increased significantly in SLE group compared to control group [ (29± 19) vs (14±8) U/ml,t=2.035,P<0.05].The plasma levels of anti-β2-GP I were higher in SLE patients with CVD than those without [(41±25)vs (18±12) U/ml,t=2.038,P<0.05].Plasma anti-β2-GP I level was positively correlated with triglyceride (r=0.337,P<0.05) and renal lesions (r=0.489,P<0.01 ).Plasma anti-B2-GP [ level was negatively correlated with high density lipoproteins (r=-0.385,P<0.05 ) and complement (r=-0.497,P<0.05 ) level.Logistic regression analysis showed that plasma anti-β2-GP I (β=0.675,95%CI0.5070.816,P<0.05) was an independent risk factor for CVD in SLE patients.Conclusion The level of plasma anti-β2-GP I in SLE patients with CVD is high,and it may play a role in the pathogenesis and progression of CVD in SLE patients.

20.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 581-584, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419812

ABSTRACT

Objective Todeterminethecorrelationbetweenthrombomodulinand atherosclerosis in chronic kidney diseases (CKD) patients.Methods A total of 96 CKD patients in our hospital were enrolled in the study, including 32 maintenance hemodialysis(MHD) patients and 64 non-hemodialysis CKD patients with stage 2 to 5(non-HD) and 30 age- and gendermatched healthy volunteers were used as control.Intima-media thickness(IMT) and atherosclerotic plaquesof theextracranialcommoncarotidarteryweredetectedbyhigh-resolutionB-mode ultrasonography. Bloodlevelof thrombomodulinwasmeasuredusingELISA,andcreatinine,triglycerides, cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were measured routinely as well.Correlation analysis of thrombomodulin with other parameters was performed.Results The thrombomodulin level was significantly higher in CKD patients as compared to healthy controls[(12.15±3.04) mg/L vs(3.12±0.23) mg/L, P<0.05], and also significantly higher in MHD patients as compared to non-HD patients [(16.89±3.35) mg/L vs (9.78±2.49) mg/L, P<0.05].The atherosclerotic plaques incidence and IMT value of carotid artery increased significantly in CKD patients compared with healthy volunteers.Thrombomodulin was positively correlated with IMT in CKD patients(r=0.335, P<0.01).Multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that thrombomodulin, Tm (OR=1.13, 95%CI 1.010-1.121), SBP (OR=1.09, 95%GI 1.009-1.114), CRP(OR=1.22, 95%CI 1.216-2.007), and Scr were independent risk factors of IMT.ConclusionThrombomodulin is correlated with carotid atherosclerosis in CKD patients and may be used as a marker to evaluate the endothelial damage.

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