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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911451

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the pathogen distribution and antimicrobial resistance among lower respiratory tract infections in patients with hematological malignancies.Methods:Sputum samples were collected from 967 patients with hematological malignancies and lower respiratory tract infections in Department of Hematology,the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from January 2017 to July 2020. The pathogens and drug sensitivity reports were carried out by automatic bacterial identification instruments. WHONET 5.6 and SPSS 20.0 softwares were used for statistical analysis.Results:A total of 961 strains of pathogens were isolated, 516 (53.7%) pathogens were Gram-negative bacteria, mainly 118 strains of Klebsiella pneumonia (12.3%), 68 strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (7.1%), 67 strains of Acinetobacter baumannii (7.0%),52 strains of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (5.4%), 43 strains of Escherichia coli (4.5%), and 42 strains of Enterbacter cloacae (4.4%). There were 171 (17.8%) strains of Gram-positive bacteria and 274 (28.5%) fungi. The drug resistance rates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii to carbapenem were 22.1%-31.3%. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia was sensitive to levofloxacin, compound sulfamethoxazole and minocycline. The antimicrobial resistance rates of these three enterobacteria to carbapenems, cefoperazone/sulbactam, piperacillin/tazobactam were low (<10%). The resistant Gram-positive bacteria to ticoplanin, vancomycin and linazolamide were not detected.Conclusion:The major pathogens related to lower respiratory tract infections in patients with hematological malignancies are gram-negative bacteria in our centre. Different pathogens appear different characteristics of antimicrobial resistance.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887877

ABSTRACT

Circular RNA(circRNA)is a novel type of endogenous non-coding RNA.Most circRNAs act as microRNA(miRNA)sponges to regulate the expression of functional genes.In addition,some circRNAs can be translated and interact with RNA-binding proteins to perform biological functions.The expression of circRNAs is prevalent in tissues and body fluids,and their abnormal expression is related to tumor progression.circRNAs are stable even under the treatment of RNase R because of their circular conformation.As circRNAs have construct stability,wide variety,specific regulation of tumor progression and high expression in body fluids,it is potential for circRNAs to serve as candidate diagnostic,prognostic and therapeutic targets.However,the knowledge about circRNAs remains poor.In addition to the not completely resolved functions and generation mechanisms of circRNAs,the annotations of circRNAs are also waiting for expanding.Here,we review the generation mechanisms,biological functions,and application of circRNAs in tumor research,aiming to provide integrated information for the future research.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , MicroRNAs , Prognosis , RNA, Circular
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880135

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT) on the treatment of adult acute leukemia patients, moreover, to establish and evaluate a Logistic model to predict the risk of relapse in adult acute leukemia patients after allo-HSCT.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 145 adult acute leukemia patients treated by peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2010 to December 2019 was enrolled and analyzed retrospectively. Complications and survival of patients were observed. The relationship between patients' age, diagnosis, leukocyte count at onset, risk stratification, time of diagnosis to transplantation, HCT-CI, minimal residual disease pre-transplantation, donor-recipient sex relationship, HLA match degree, prophylaxis of graft versus host disease(GVHD), donor age, number of transfused mononuclear cells, CD34 positive cells, engraftment time, acute and chronic GVHD, CMV, EBV infection, and hemorrhagic cystitis and recurrence after transplantation were analyzed by logistic regression. Relapse prediction model was established and evaluated according to the results.@*RESULTS@#Among 145 acute leukemia patients, 81 with acute myeloid leukemia, 64 with acute lymphocytic leukemia, 18 with EBV infection, 2 with post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder(PTLD), 85 with CMV, 26 with hemorrhagic cystitis, 65 patients developed acute GVHD, 51 patients developed chronic GVHD and 45 patients relapsed. The overall survival (OS) rates in one and three years were 86.4% and 61.8%, and the progress-free survival (PFS) rates in one and three years were 67.5% and 62.4%, respectively. There were significant differences in OS and PFS between relapsed and non-relapsed patients, as well as AML and ALL patients. Univariate analysis revealed that patient's age, risk stratification, time to transplantation, HCT-CI index, ATG based GVHD prophylaxis, minimal residual disease pre-transplantation, GVHD prophylaxis, and acute and chronic GVHD were associated with the relapse of disease, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that pre-transplantation minimal residual disease showed positively correlation with relapse of the disease, while chronic GVHD showed negatively correlation.@*CONCLUSION@#The relapse rate of adult acute leukemia patients treated with allo-HSCT in our hospital is 31.0%, and OS of AML patients is better than ALL patients'. OS of relapsed patients is significantly lower than non-relapsed patients'. Pre-transplantation minimal residual disease is a risk factor of relapse. The risk of relapse is reduced in patients with chronic GVHD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880059

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanism in stable cell strains expressing Mini-hF9 gene with nonsense mutation.@*METHODS@#Mini-hF9 gene and its nonsense mutants were transfected into HeLa cells independently, and stable cell strains were obtained after G418 resistance screening and monoclonal transformation. The altered splicing and protein expression of mRNA in Mini-hF9 gene in stable cell strains were detected by using RT-PCR and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The wild type and nonsense mutated human coagulation factor IX stable cell strains were constructed successfully, which were named HeLa-F9-WT, HeLa-F9-M1 and HeLa-F9-M2. Only normal splicing Norm was detected in the wild-type cell strain HeLa-F9-WT; Norm and Alt-S1 splicing were detected in HeLa-F9-M1; while Norm, Alt-S1 and Alt-S2 splicing were detected in HeLa-F9-M2.@*CONCLUSION@#The nonsense associated altered splicing (NAS) pathway, which generated alternately spliced transcripts, might be triggered in coagulation factor IX gene with nonsense mutation.


Subject(s)
Codon, Nonsense , Factor IX/metabolism , HeLa Cells , Humans , Mutation , RNA Splicing , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799747

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of dexmedetomidine combined with flurbiprofen axetil on pain and cognitive function of patients after thyroidectomy.@*Methods@#A total of 80 patients with thyroid gland surgery in the People's Hosptial of Shouguang from January 2016 to December 2017 were selected and randomly divided into four groups according to the digital table: saline control group(C), dexmedetomidine group(D), flurbiprofen axetil group(F), dexmedetomidine combined with flurbiprofen axetil group(DF), with 20 casess in each group.The extubation time and wake-up time of the four groups were observed.The VAS scores were used to assess the analgesic effect after surgery, and the Riker sedation scale was used to assess postoperative anxiety.@*Results@#The extubation time of the C, D, F and FD group were (16.66±3.37)min, (24.63±2.80)min, (14.55±3.74)min, (26.22±3.45)min, respectively, which of group D and group DF was significantly longer than that in group C and group F(F= 4.59, P<0.01). The recovery time of group D[(17.98±2.54)min] and group DF[(17.84±3.63)min] was significantly longer than that of group F[(10.92±2.21) min] and group C[(9.95±2.16)min] (F=5.01, P<0.01). The VAS scores of group DF at 30 min, 3 h, 6 h and 24 h after recovery were significantly lower than those of group F and group D (F=4.53, 4.59, 4.61, 4.35, all P<0.01). The Rick sedation scores of C, D, F and FD groups were (5.28±1.81)points, (4.20±1.56)points, (4.24±2.01)points and (3.76±1.43)points, respetively, which of group DF was significantly lower than those of the other three groups(F=3.01, P<0.01). The MMSE scores of cognitive function in group DF at 3 h, 1 d and 3 d after surgery were significantly higher than those in group C (F=5.89, 4.95, 4.56, all P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#The combined use of dexmedetomidine and flurbiprofen axetil significantly reduces pain and relieves postoperative cognitive impairment after thyroid surgery.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866246

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of dexmedetomidine combined with flurbiprofen axetil on pain and cognitive function of patients after thyroidectomy.Methods:A total of 80 patients with thyroid gland surgery in the People's Hosptial of Shouguang from January 2016 to December 2017 were selected and randomly divided into four groups according to the digital table: saline control group(C), dexmedetomidine group(D), flurbiprofen axetil group(F), dexmedetomidine combined with flurbiprofen axetil group(DF), with 20 casess in each group.The extubation time and wake-up time of the four groups were observed.The VAS scores were used to assess the analgesic effect after surgery, and the Riker sedation scale was used to assess postoperative anxiety.Results:The extubation time of the C, D, F and FD group were (16.66±3.37)min, (24.63±2.80)min, (14.55±3.74)min, (26.22±3.45)min, respectively, which of group D and group DF was significantly longer than that in group C and group F( F= 4.59, P<0.01). The recovery time of group D[(17.98±2.54)min] and group DF[(17.84±3.63)min] was significantly longer than that of group F[(10.92±2.21) min] and group C[(9.95±2.16)min] ( F=5.01, P<0.01). The VAS scores of group DF at 30 min, 3 h, 6 h and 24 h after recovery were significantly lower than those of group F and group D ( F=4.53, 4.59, 4.61, 4.35, all P<0.01). The Rick sedation scores of C, D, F and FD groups were (5.28±1.81)points, (4.20±1.56)points, (4.24±2.01)points and (3.76±1.43)points, respetively, which of group DF was significantly lower than those of the other three groups( F=3.01, P<0.01). The MMSE scores of cognitive function in group DF at 3 h, 1 d and 3 d after surgery were significantly higher than those in group C ( F=5.89, 4.95, 4.56, all P<0.01). Conclusion:The combined use of dexmedetomidine and flurbiprofen axetil significantly reduces pain and relieves postoperative cognitive impairment after thyroid surgery.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827460

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the sedative and hypnotic effects and underlying mechanisms of Polygala tenuifolia (PT) on treating aged insomnia rats.@*METHODS@#Sixty Sprague-Dawley male rats were divided into 6 groups by a random number table, including control group, model group, diazepam group (0.92 mg/kg), as well as PT low-, medium- and high-dose groups (0.0875, 0.175, 0.35 g/kg, respectively), 10 rats in each group. Aged insomnia rat model was established with subcutaneous injection of D-galactose for 42 days and then intraperitoneal injection of para-chlorophenylalanine for 3 days. PT and diazepam were respectively given to aged insomnia rats by intragastric administration for 7 days after model establishment. Then the rats were investigated by body weight, Morris water maze test, pentobarbital test, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and transcriptome sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the model group, PT increased the body weight, improved memory ability, and prolonged pentobarbital-induced sleep time of aged insomnia rats (P<0.01 or P<0.05). The medium dose of PT also increased the neurotransmitter levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and decreased the level of Glu in the hippocampus of aged insomnia rats (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Twenty-four differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were overlapped among model group, medium-dose PT group, and diazepam group in transcriptome analysis. Fuom and Pcp2 were down-regulated by the treatment of medium-dose PT (P<0.01 or P<0.05). The metabolic pathways of PT were relatively less than diazepam (91 vs. 104).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The sedative and hypnotic effects of PT in aged insomnia rats might be related to neuro, metabolism pathways, especially through GABAergic signaling pathway. It provided more effective herb choice for the treatment of senile insomnia.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743468

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of acupuncture and moxibustion plus Zushima on serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (b FGF) in patients with knee osteoarthritis.Method Two hundred and thirty-six patients with knee osteoarthritis were allocated, using a random number table, to two groups, 118 cases each. The control group was treated with Celecoxib and the observation group, with acupuncture and moxibustion plus Zushima. The therapeutic effects, and pre-treatment and post-treatment VAS scores and WOMAC scores and serum VEGF and bFGF levels were compared between the two groups of patients. The adverse reaction incidences were compared between the two groups of patients. Result The total efficacy rate was 87.3% in the control group and 94.9% in the observation group and was significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). There were no statistically significant pre-treatment differences in the VAS score and WOMAC score between the two groups (P>0.05). The VAS score and WOMAC score decreased significantly in both groups after treatment (P<0.05). After treatment, there was no statistically significant difference in the VAS score between the two groups (P>0.05) but the WOMAC score was significantly lower in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). There were no statistically significant pre-treatment differences in VEGF and bFGF between the two groups (P>0.05). After treatment, VEGF and bFGF decreased significantly in both groups (P<0.05) and were significantly lower in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). The adverse reaction incidence was3.4% in the control group and 1.7% in the observation group with no statistically significant difference between the two groups (P> 0.05). Conclusion Acupuncture and moxibustion plus Zushima can reduce inflammatory reactions, inhibit synovial angiogenesis, and effectively relive the pain, and improve articular functions in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851724

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare total triterpene of Paliurus ramosissimus solid dispersions (TTPR-SD) and study their dissolution properties in vitro. Methods The dissolution of paliurusene and betulinic acid were used as indicators to examine the effect of different carrier materials and different preparation methods on drug dissolution in total triterpenoid solid dispersions by single factor. The preparation technology parameters of total triterpenes of P. ramosissimus solid dispersion were optimized by orthogonal design. Existential state of drugs in this solid dispersion was analyzed by FT-IR and X-ray. Results The solid dispersion was prepared by solvent method with PVPK30 as carrier, the ratio of drug to carrier was 1∶5, ultrasonic for 10 min, and the magnetic stirring temperature was 80 ℃. The cumulative dissolution of paliurusene and betulinic acid within 60 min was achieved 89.19% and 80.49%, respectively. The drug dispersed in the PVPK30 in an amorphous state, and combined with the carrier in the form of hydrogen bonds. Conclusion The prepared solid dispersion can significantly improve the dissolution properties of total triterpene of P. ramosissimus.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698243

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of laser artificial shrinkage(LAS)on pregnancy outcome in vitrification of human expanded blastocysts.Methods We selected 3859 frozen-thawed blastocyst-stage embryo transfers from January 2014 to December 2015.The transfers were divided into LAS group(n=3 176)and non-LAS group(n=683),which were then subdivided into <36 y subgroup and ≥36 y subgroup according to their age.Main outcomes measures were thawing rate,implantation rate and clinical pregnancy rate.Results Thawing rate, clinical pregnancy rate and implantation rate were 97.32%(5 453/5 603),66.81%(2 118/3 170),and 53.55%(2 912/5 438)in LAS group.In non-shrink group,they were 95.13%(1 173/1 233),62.70%(427/681),and 49.74%(582/1 170),which did not significantly differ from those in the former group(P<0.05).Further analysis of the subgroups showed that thawing rate was significantly higher in LAS group than in non-shrink group of patients<36 y(97.27% vs.95.33%;P<0.05).Thawing rate and biochemical pregnancy rate were significantly higher in LAS group than in non-shrink group in patients ≥36 y(97.75% vs.93.66%;65.45% vs.50.65%,P<0.05). Cancellation rate was not significantly different between the two groups(0.19% vs.0.29%, P > 0.05). Conclusion LAS technique can increase thawing rate,clinical pregnancy rate and implantation rate before cryopreservation of blastocysts.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660666

ABSTRACT

Objective · To investigate the effect of modified electroconvulsive therapy (MECT) on oxidative stress parameters in patients with bipolar disorder. Methods · Forty-three patients with bipolar disorder (case group) were enrolled that received MECT intervention for 6 weeks, and 49 healthy volunteers (control group) were recruited. Chinese versions of the 17 items Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17), Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) and Clinical Global Impression-Severity Scale (CGI-S) were used to assess the efficacy and side effects at baseline and after 6 weeks of treatment. The plasma levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured at baseline and after 6 weeks of treatment to assess the level of oxidative stress. Results · The serum MDA and GSH-Px levels of the case group were higher while the serum SOD levels of the case group was lower than that of the control group, and there was no significant difference in the serum CAT levels between two groups at baseline. MDA levels were higher in manic states than in depressed states, and they were positively correlated with the CGI-S scores. After MECT treatment, the CGI-S scores of patients decreased significantly, and the plasma MDA levels decreased significantly in manic and depressive states, but there was no change in other oxidative stress parameters. Conclusion · There was oxidative stress damage in patients with bipolar disorder, and the severity of the disease varied with the degree of damage. MECT improved the symptoms of the disease and decreased the level of plasma MDA, while there was no effect on the anti-oxidation index.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658009

ABSTRACT

Objective · To investigate the effect of modified electroconvulsive therapy (MECT) on oxidative stress parameters in patients with bipolar disorder. Methods · Forty-three patients with bipolar disorder (case group) were enrolled that received MECT intervention for 6 weeks, and 49 healthy volunteers (control group) were recruited. Chinese versions of the 17 items Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17), Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) and Clinical Global Impression-Severity Scale (CGI-S) were used to assess the efficacy and side effects at baseline and after 6 weeks of treatment. The plasma levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured at baseline and after 6 weeks of treatment to assess the level of oxidative stress. Results · The serum MDA and GSH-Px levels of the case group were higher while the serum SOD levels of the case group was lower than that of the control group, and there was no significant difference in the serum CAT levels between two groups at baseline. MDA levels were higher in manic states than in depressed states, and they were positively correlated with the CGI-S scores. After MECT treatment, the CGI-S scores of patients decreased significantly, and the plasma MDA levels decreased significantly in manic and depressive states, but there was no change in other oxidative stress parameters. Conclusion · There was oxidative stress damage in patients with bipolar disorder, and the severity of the disease varied with the degree of damage. MECT improved the symptoms of the disease and decreased the level of plasma MDA, while there was no effect on the anti-oxidation index.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619452

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical value of detection of peripheral blood natural killer(NK) cells subsets in patients with malignant hematological diseases.Methods A total of 100 patients with malignant blood disease were enrolled from March 2014 to April 2016 as the observation group,including 50 cases in acute stage and 50 cases in mild stage.At the same time,100 health subjects were enrolled as the control group.The number of NK cells in peripheral blood and the changes of subgroups were compared.Results The number of NK cells in the different groups were compared,the absolute numbers and relative numbers of NK cells in the acute phase of leukemia and lymphoma were much lower than those in the control group(P<0.05).While the absolute number and relative number of NK cells in mild stage of leukemia and lymphoma were higher than that in acute phase(P<0.05).After treatment,the absolute number and relative number of NK cells in patients with leukemia and lymphoma were higher than before treatment(P<0.05).Before treatment,levels of CD56bright and CD56dim in patients with leukemia and lymphoma were statistically different with those of control group(P<0.05).After treatment,CD56bright and CD56dim levels were significantly improved in both groups(P<0.05).Conclusion The number of peripheral blood NK cells in patients with hematological malignancies could be reduced,and the cells function might be compromised.Detection of NK cell subsets could be with guiding significance in the treatment of malignant hematologic disease.

14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 263-268, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808556

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prognosis of osteosarcoma patients with lung metastases and its correlated factors.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 104 osteosarcoma patients with lung metastasis from April 2007 to September 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier and Log rank test. Multivariate Cox regression was applied to analyze independent prognostic factor for patient survival.@*Results@#The one-year, two-year and five-year survival rates of the 104 osteosarcoma patients with lung pulmonary metastasis were 93.3%, 61.5% and 11.5%, respectively, and the median survival time was 33 months. The univariate analysis revealed that number of lung metastases, objective response of first-line chemotherapy and therapeutic methods for lung metastases were significant prognostic factors for patient survival, whereas gender, age, time to lung metastasis and time to other metastasis were not (P>0.05). The multivariate analysis indicated that number of lung metastases, objective response of first-line chemotherapy and therapeutic methods for lung metastases were independent significant prognostic factors for patient survival.@*Conclusions@#The prognosis of osteosarcoma patients with advanced lung metastases and active treatment is better. Surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy could effectively prolong survival time for osteosarcoma patients with pulmonary metastasis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697438

ABSTRACT

40 patients,20 males and 20 females,with 52 miniscrews were included.The concentration of IL-1β,IL-6 and IL-8 in the gingival crevicular fluid around the miniscrews were measured.The results showed that the concentrations of IL-1β,IL-6 and IL-8 increased during orthodintic tooth movement(P <0.05),indicating that orthodontic force had an effect on the cytokines around the miniscrews,which may be related to orthodontic bone resorption.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360060

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the autophagy of RPMI8226 cells induced by As(2)O(3) and its possible mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>RPMI8226 was incubated with different concentration of As(2)O(3) for different time, and the inhibiting rate was calculated by MTT method. The autophagic rate of RPMI8226 cells incubated with different concentration of As(2)O(3) was determined by FACS. The change of cells ultrastructure was observed by transmission electron microsopy (TEM). After incubation with different concentration of As(2)O(3), the expression of Beclin-1 on RPMI8226 was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Different concentration of As(2)O(3) could significantly inhibit the proliferation of RPMI8226 cells (P < 0.05), and the inhibitory effect was in dose- and time-dependent way in a certain range. the autophagic rate increased with the increasing of drug concentration and prolonging of action time (P < 0.05). TEM results revealed a typical autophagosome in RPMI-8226 cell treated by As(2)O(3) for 48 hours. Beclin-1 was up-regulated in RPMI 8226 cells when treated with different concentration of As(2)O(3) for 48h (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>As(2)O(3) can induce autophagy of RPMI8226 cells, and the mechanism may be associated with the upregulation of Beclin-1.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Metabolism , Arsenicals , Pharmacology , Autophagy , Beclin-1 , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Membrane Proteins , Metabolism , Oxides , Pharmacology , Up-Regulation
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464368

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the expression of estrogen receptor ( ER) and progesterone receptor ( PR) in endometrial tissue in patients with intrauterine adhesion ( IUA) and their clinical significance. Methods Two experimental methods, immunohistochemical MaxVision two step method and real-time fluorescencequantitative PCR ( qRT-PCR) , were used for detection of ER and PR in endome-trial tissue both in group IUA ( study group) and non IUA group ( control group) . Results MaxVision immunohistochemical method showed that ER protein expression in the study group (3. 52 ± 0. 71) was significantly higher than that (2. 75 ± 1. 00) in the control group (P=0. 01), ER mRNA expression by qRT-PCR was also significantly higher in the study group (1. 59 ± 0. 26) than that (1. 00 ± 0. 19) in the control group (P=0. 00). The immunohistochemical detection of showed that PR protein expression in the study group (3.26 ±0.70) had no significant different from that (3.58 ±0.28) in the control group (P=0.12), qRT-PCR also showed that ER mRNA in the study group (1.15 ±0.21) had no significantly different from that (1.00 ±0.31) in the control group (P=0. 21 ) . Immunohistochemical expression of ER and PR proteins showed a significant difference between the endometrial glands and en-dometrial stroma (χ2 =5. 797, P=0. 016,χ2 =4. 857, P=0. 027). Conclusion The expression of ER in endometrial tissue in the study group is higher than that in the control group, but the expression of PR has no different between the two groups, ER and PR pro-teins expression are higher in endometrial glands than that in endometrial stroma. These provide a theoretical reference for clinical use of estrogen and progesterone to IUA patients.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330272

ABSTRACT

A new flavonone, named as (2R, 3S)-pinobanksin-3-cinnamate(1), together with six known compounds, pinocem-brin (2), pinobanksin (3), 3-O-acetylpinobanksin (4), galangin (5), kumatakenin(6), and 3-methylkaempferol (7), were isolated from a 95% ethanol extract of seeds of Alpinia katsumadai through a combination of various chromatographic techniques, including silica gel and Sephadex LH-20. The structure of compound 1 was elucidated by spectroscopic data analysis. Compound 1 exhibits a potent neuroprotective effect against the corticosterone-damaged PC12 cells, which may be underlying the effect by scavenging intracellular ROS.


Subject(s)
Alpinia , Chemistry , Animals , Cell Death , Cholestenones , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Cinnamates , Chemistry , Pharmacology , DNA Fragmentation , Neuroprotective Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Oxidative Stress , PC12 Cells , Rats , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Seeds , Chemistry
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267599

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the efficacy and toxicity of concurrent chemoradiotherapy followed by consolidation chemotherapy (CCRT-CT) and sequential chemoradiotherapy (SCRT) in the treatment of stage III non-small cell lung cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From February, 2007 to June, 2010, 93 patients with unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer were treated with SCRT or CCRT-CT. SCRT group (50 cases) received radiotherapy after 2-6 cycles of chemotherapy (median 2 cycles) followed by 0-4 cycles (median 2 cycles) of chemotherapy. CCRT-CT group (43 cases) received 2 cycles of chemotherapy every 3 weeks with concurrent radiotherapy followed by 2-4 cycles (median 2 cycles) of chemotherapy with the same drugs. The chemotherapy consisted of cisplatin plus gemcitabine, docetaxel or vinorelbine. Radiotherapy was administered using two-dimensional conformal irradiation (36-40 Gy/18-20f) followed by three-dimensional conformal boost to 56-70 Gy/28-35f (median DT64Gy) or using three-dimensional conformal irradiation 50-74 Gy/25-37f (median DT62Gy).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The response rates were 76.7% and 54.0% in CCRT-CT and SCRT group, respectively (P<0.05). The median progression-free time in the two groups was 16.0 and 10.0 months, with the overall survival time of 18.0 and 12.5 months, respectively. The 1-, 2- and 3-year overall survival rates were 83.7%, 48.8% and 20.9% in CCRT-CT group and 52.0%, 20.0%, and 2.0% in SCRT group, respectively (P<0.05). CCRT-CT group showed a significantly lower rate of distant metastasis than SCRT group (P<0.05), but the local recurrence rate was similar between the two groups. The main side effects included radiation pneumonitis, radiation esophagitis, nausea/vomiting and anemia/leucopenia/thrombocytopenia. CCRT-CT group had a significantly higher rate of III-IV grade nausea/vomiting and anemia/leucopenia/thrombocytopenia than SCRT group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compared to SCRT, CCRT-CT can improve the response rate, progression free survival and overall survival and decrease the rate of distant metastasis, but is associated with a higher toxicity.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Radiotherapy , Therapeutics , Chemoradiotherapy , Methods , Combined Modality Therapy , Consolidation Chemotherapy , Methods , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Survival Analysis
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1327-1332, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354019

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>OGR1 was found as a G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) and proton sensor. Our previous studies have found that OGR1 has inhibitory effect on the metastasis of prostate cancer. In order to investigate the roles of OGR1 gene in the biological activities of ovarian cancer, we studied the OGR1 effects on ovarian cancer cells, HEY cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>OGR1 gene was transfected into HEY cell, in which endogenous expression is low. OGR1-overxepressed cells and vector-transfected cells were compared in different assays. Western blotting was employed to confirm the high expression level of OGR1. Cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay and cell doubling time assay. Cell migration assay (transwell assay) and cell adhesion assay were performed to determine the migration and adhesion potential of cells. Student's t test was employed for statistical analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Proliferation of OGR1-overexpressed cells was significantly reduced (P < 0.01); cell migration was significantly inhibited in the OGR1-transfected cells (P < 0.01); cell adhesion to extracellular matrix including fibronectin, vitronectin, collagen I/IV was significantly increased (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>OGR1 expression in human ovarian cancer cells significantly inhibited the cell proliferation and migration, but significantly enhanced cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix. It indicated that OGR1 may be a tumor suppressor gene for ovarian cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Cell Adhesion , Genetics , Physiology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Genetics , Physiology , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled , Genetics , Metabolism , Transfection
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