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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876701

ABSTRACT

With the rapid development of global tourism, traveling gradually becomes an important part of daily lives, and travelers’health is paid more and more attention. Traveler’s diarrhea (TD) is one of the most common diseases among international or trans-regional travelers, which causes great disease and economic burdens. Currently, there is still a lack of systematic studies on the correlation between parasites and TD. The review mainly summarizes intestinal protozoa and helminth infections among patients with TD, so as to provide insights into the development of the control measures for parasitic diseases associated with TD and the prevention of risk factors before the journey to and during the journey of the areas endemic for parasitic diseases.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 758-763, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875660

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the eva luation criteria for the rationality of tumor nutritional standardized treatment ,and to provide reference for nutritional standardized treatment in tumer patients . METHODS :Based on domestic and foreign guidelines or expert consensus ,the rationality evaluation standard of tumor nutritional standardized treatmentwas formulated in our hospital (Bozhou Municipal People ’s Hospital ). 50 nutritional treatment medical records in our hospital from Jan. to Jun. 2019 were evaluated by weighted TOPSIS ;according to the evaluation results ,nutritional intervention was carried out ,and 50 nutritional treatment medical records (group B )from Aug. to Dec. 2019 were re-evaluated by the same method after intervention. RESULTS : The established evaluation criteria for the rationality of tumor nutritional standardized treatment in our hospital included 18 indicators,such as malnutrition diagnosis ,description of the nature of malnutrition ,nutrition screening and evaluation ,etc. After analysis ,the rational rate of nutritional treatment was only 18% in group A (Ci of ideal solution with 9 medical records≥0.6),and 78% in group B (Ci of ideal solution with59 medical records ≥0.6). There was statistical significance in the rationality of nutritional treatment before and after nutritional intervention (Ci≥0.6)(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS :The established rational evaluation method of tumor nutritional standardized treatment is feasible ,and the evaluation results are intuitive and reasonable. Nutrition intervention is helpful to reduce the irrational rate of nutritional treatment.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 680-693, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881162

ABSTRACT

As an effective anticancer drug, the clinical limitation of doxorubicin (Dox) is the time- and dose-dependent cardiotoxicity. Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) interacts with transcription factor TEA domain 1 (TEAD1) and plays an important role in cell proliferation and survival. However, the role of YAP1 in Dox-induced cardiomyopathy has not been reported. In this study, the expression of YAP1 was reduced in clinical human failing hearts with dilated cardiomyopathy and Dox-induced

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881087

ABSTRACT

Xiexin decoctions (XXDs) display beneficial anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic effects, which raises interests on this group of formulae for broad clinical applications. However, there was no report about systematic analysis of XXDs to elucidate the constitution of chemical components, which hampers further investigations on the therapeutic values of XXDs. In this work, crude herbs were extracted and prepared to obtain the XXDs for systemic analysis on their chemical compositions, according to the information described in the ancient Zhang Zhongjing's herbal formulae. LC-MS analysis of five XXDs was carried out to facilitate recognition of the source herbs for compounds in the mixture. A total number of 93 compounds were identified through our methods and their chemical classes encompassed five major groups, including protoberberine alkaloids, flavonoids, stilbenes, anthraquinones and saponins. Our current work provided important information about material basis for pharmacological studies on XXDs and would help shed light on relationships between chemical compositions and therapeutic effects.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782387

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a bacterial endotoxin test method for high concentration vitamin B6 injection. Method The test was taken according to the bacterial endotoxin test in Chinese pharmacopoeia 2015 edition. Result By diluting the sample concentration to 1.04 mg/ml with the buffer of pH6.5-7.5, and using λ=0.06 EU/ml of TAL reagent, the interference could be effectively avoided. Conclusion The method was useful, which could be used to test the bacterial endotoxin in high concentration vitamin B6 injection. The bacterial endotoxin limit was defined as 0.06 EU/mg.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2177-2185, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826419

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Developing effective spinal cord repair strategies for spinal cord injury (SCI) is of great importance. Emerging evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs) are closely linked to SCI recovery. This study aimed to investigate the function of miR-34c in the neuronal recovery in rats with SCI.@*METHODS@#A rat model with SCI was established. Differentially expressed miRNAs were identified by a microarray analysis. MiR-34c expression in rats was measured by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Altered expression of miR-34c or C-X-C motif ligand 14 (CXCL14) was introduced in SCI rats to measure their roles in neuronal recovery. Western blot analysis was performed to determine the phosphorylation of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) and signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3). Neuronal apoptosis in rat spinal cord tissues was detected. The concentrations of SCI recovery-related proteins thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH), prostacyclin (PGI2), and ganglioside (GM) were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Data were analyzed using a t-test with a one-way or two-way analysis of variance.@*RESULTS@#Rats with SCI presented decreased grip strength (112.03 ± 10.64 vs. 17.32 ± 1.49 g, P < 0.01), decreased miR-34c expression (7 days: 3.78 ± 0.44 vs. 0.95 ± 0.10, P < 0.05), and increased CXCL14 expression (7 days: 0.61 ± 0.06 vs. 2.91 ± 0.27, P < 0.01). MiR-34c was found to directly bind to CXCL14. Overexpression of miR-34c increased grip strength (11.23 ± 1.08 vs. 31.26 ± 2.99 g, P < 0.01) and reduced neuronal apoptosis in spinal cord tissues (53.61% ± 6.07% vs. 24.59% ± 3.32%, P < 0.01), and silencing of CXCL14 also increased the grip strength (12.76 ± 1.13 vs. 29.77 ± 2.75 g, P < 0.01) and reduced apoptosis in spinal cord tissues (55.74% ± 6.24% vs. 26.75% ± 2.84%, P < 0.01). In addition, miR-34c upregulation or CXCL14 downregulation increased the concentrations of TRH, PGI2, and GM, and reduced phosphorylation of JAK2 and STAT3 in rats with SCI (all P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The study provided evidence that miR-34c could promote neuronal recovery in rats with SCI through inhibiting CXCL14 expression and inactivating the JAK2/STAT3 pathway. This study may offer new insights into SCI treatment.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825617

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the action of kaempferol (KAE) against Candida albicans biofilms and explore the potential mechanisms. Methods Biofilm metabolic activity assay was used to investigate the action of KAE against C. albicans biofilm formation as well as mature biofilm. The inhibition of KAE in hyphal formation was examined by microscope. The water-hydrocarbon two-phase separation assay was used to test the effect of KAE on the cell surface hydrophobicity of C. albicans. The mRNA expression of the genes involved in biofilm formation was determined by real time RT-PCR. Results KAE showed inhibition effect on C. albicans biofilm formation in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, KAE inhibited mature biofilm. The biomass of biofilm was reduced upon KAE treatment. KAE inhibited hyphal formation and reduced the cell surface hydrophobicity of C. albicans. In the presence of KAE, the mRNA expression of the genes involved in biofilm formation was changed, with the up-regulation of BCR1,NRG1,TUP1 and down-regulation of HWP1,EFG1,CPH1,ALS1,ALS3 and CSH1. Conclusion KAE showed antifungal activity against C. albicans biofilm. The mechanisms may relate to the inhibition of hyphal formation and reduction of cell surface hydrophobicity.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812936

ABSTRACT

Objective To characterize the trehalase gene in Thelazia callipaeda through screening the annotated data of the T. callipaeda genome, and to investigate the biological characteristics of the trehalase gene-coding protein. Methods The trehalase gene was screened from the T. callipaeda genome and subjected to validation by using a PCR assay. The structural features of the coding protein were analyzed with bioinformatics tools, including hydrophobicity, transmembrane region, signal peptides, conserved domains, as well as the secondary and tertiary structures and the antigen epitope. Homology analysis of the amino acid sequences was performed, and the phylogenetic tree was built by the MEGA X software. In addition, the protein-protein interaction network was deduced from the STRING database. Results The sequence of the trehalase gene with the complete CDS region was obtained from T. callipaeda genome, which had a length of 1 638 bp and encoded 545 amino acids. The encoded protein was predicted to have a molecular weight of 63 478.48 ku and be a secretory protein. The 5′ domain of the encoded protein contained a signal peptide without transmembrane regions, and was predicted to contain 7 antigen epitopes. Based on the protein-protein interaction network of nematodes in the STRING database, the protein-protein interaction network of the trehalase gene of T. callipaeda was deduced, and 27 interactions covering 10 genes were identified. Conclusions A trehalase gene is successfully identified in T. callipaeda genome and its coding protein receives a bioinformatics analysis, which provides insights into the research on the biological functions of the protein and the screening of vaccine candidates for thelaziasis callipaeda.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775801

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical and laboratory characteristics of 5 patients with myeloid leukemia and t(12;22)(p13;q12).@*METHODS@#Bone marrow cells were cultured for 24 h and analyzed by standard R-banding. Rearrangement of the MN1 gene was detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using dual color break-apart MN1 probes. MN1-ETV6 and ETV6-MN1 fusion genes were detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). And the products were subjected to direct sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Among the 5 patients, 2 had AML-M0, 2 had AML-M4, and 1 had CMML at the initial diagnosis. t(12;22)(p13;q12) was the primary abnormality among all patients. Rearrangements of MN1 gene were detected by FISH in all patients. MN1-ETV6 and ETV6-MN1 fusion genes were detected respectively in 4 and 3 patients.@*CONCLUSION@#t(12;22)(p13;q12) is a rare but recurrent chromosomal abnormality in myeloid leukemia, and is related to poor prognosis. allo-SCT is valuable for patients with t(12;22)(p13;q12).


Subject(s)
Chromosome Banding , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 , Cytogenetics , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Leukemia, Myeloid , Genetics , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Translocation, Genetic
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753420

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to investigate the basic situation of self-regulated learning among clinical medical undergraduates in the stage of professional courses and construct a structural model suitable for them to carry out self-regulated learning . Zimmerman's self-regulated learning concept framework was determined as the theoretical basis of this study. A questionnaire survey was performed to identify five main dimensions affecting self-regulated learning including expression of learning intention, self-efficacy, adjustment of learning behavior, management of curriculum strategies, and adaption of learning environment, and then, Amos 24.0 software was used to construct the structural model and draw the conclusion that self-regulated learning in this group centers on the regulation of learning behavior, with learning intention and self-efficacy as sub-centers.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790235

ABSTRACT

Although compatibility is highly advocated in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), inappropriate com-bination of some herbs may reduce the therapeutic action and even produce toxic effects. Kansui and licorice, one of TCM"Eighteen Incompatible Medicaments", are the most representative cases of improper herbal combination, which may still be applied simultaneously under given conditions. However, the potential mechanism of their compatibility and incompatibility is unclear. In the present study, two different ratios of kansui and licorice, representing their compatibility and incompatibility respectively, were designed to elucidate their interaction by comparative plasma/tissue metabolomics and a heatmap with relative fold change. As a result, glycocholic acid, prostaglandin F2a, dihydroceramide and sphin-ganine were screened out as the principal alternative biomarkers of compatibility group; sphinganine, dihydroceramide, arachidonic acid, leukotriene B4, acetoacetic acid and linoleic acid were those of in-compatibility group. Based on the values of biomarkers in each tissue, the liver was identified as the compatible target organ, while the heart, liver, and kidney were the incompatible target organs. Furthermore, important pathways for compatibility and incompatibility were also constructed. These results help us to better understand and utilize the two herbs, and the study was the first to reveal some innate characters of herbs related to TCM"Eighteen Incompatible Medicaments".

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819009

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the dynamics changes of the myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and regulatory T (Treg) cells in mice infected with Echinococcus granulosus and explore the possible biological significance. Methods Thirty female BALB/c mice of 6 weeks old were randomly divided into the infection and control groups, of 15 mice in each group. Mice in the infection group were intraperitoneally injected with 2 000 E. granulosus protoscoleces, while those in the control group were injected with the same volume of physiological saline. Mouse liver white blood cells were harvested 3 (early stage), 6 (medium stage) and 12 months (late stage) post-infection, and the proportions of MDSCs, their subpopulations (M-MDSCs and PMN-MDSCs) and Treg cells were assessed by flow cytometry. Results The proportions of MDSCs were (1.61 ± 0.36)%, (5.68 ± 0.69)% and (16.18 ± 0.69)% in mouse liver white blood cells in the infection group 3, 6 and 12 months post-infection with E. granulosus, and (2.19 ± 0.42)%, (0.99 ± 0.07) % and (4.18 ± 0.84)% in the control group, and there were significant differences in the proportion of the MDSCs in mouse liver white blood cells between the infection and control groups 6 and 12 months post-infection (P < 0.01). The proportions of M-MDSCs were (0.69 ± 0.27)%, (5.30 ± 0.72)% and (10.75 ± 0.29)% in mouse liver white blood cells in the infection group 3, 6 and 12 months post-infection, and (0.42 ± 0.24)%, (0.69 ± 0.02)% and (2.12 ± 0.13)% in the control group, and there were significant differences in the proportion of the M-MDSCs in the mouse liver white blood cells between the infection and control groups 6 and 12 months post-infection (P < 0.01). The proportions of PMN-MDSCs were (0.93 ± 0.23)%, (0.32 ± 0.02)% and (5.14 ± 1.03)% in mouse liver white blood cells in the infection group 3, 6 and 12 months post-infection, and (1.77 ± 0.26)%, (0.28 ± 0.05)% and (1.99 ± 0.90)% in the control group, and there were significant differences in the proportion of PMN-MDSCs in mouse liver white blood cells between the infection and control groups 3 and 12 months post-infection (P < 0.05). The proportions of Treg cells were (3.35 ± 0.14)%, (6.24 ± 0.38)% and (3.41 ± 0.07)% in mouse liver white blood cells in the infection group 3, 6 and 12 months post-infection, and (3.48 ± 0.46)%, (3.65 ± 0.45)% and (3.12 ± 0.12)% in the control group, and there were significant differences in the proportion of Treg cells in mouse liver white blood cells between the infection and control groups 6 and 12 months post-infection (P < 0.01). Conclusions The percentages of both MDSCs and Treg cells increase in mouse liver white blood cells 6 and 12 months post-infection with E. granulosus, and a more remarkable increase is seen in the percentage of MDSCs, which is mainly found in M-MDSCs. These findings suggest that M-MDSCs may play a major immunosuppressive role in the medium and late stages of E. granulosus infection in mice.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818952

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the dynamic expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and heat shock protein 47 (HSP47) and explore their roles in the progression of hepatic fibrosis induced by Schistosoma japonicum infection. Methods Fifty female mice of the ICR strain were randomly divided into the infection group and the normal control group, of 25 mice in each group. Each mouse in the infection group was infected with 20 ± 1 cercariae of S. japonicum via the abdominal skin, while uninfected animals served as normal control. Five mice were sacrificed 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 weeks post-infection and liver tissues were sampled. Serum HSP47 and TGF-β1 was determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the pathological changes of liver specimens were observed with hematoxylin & eosin (HE) staining. In addition, the synthesis of alpha 1 chain of type I collagen (COL1A1) was measured using Masson staining, and the mRNA expression of TGF-β1, HSP47 and COL1A1 was determined using real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay. Results During the period of S. japonicum-induced hepatic fibrosis, the serum HSP47 and TGF-β1 levels and the mRNA expression of TGF - β1, HSP47 and COL1A1 gradually increased with the progression of hepatic fibrosis. The serum levels of HSP47 and TGF-β1 were (179.26 ± 29.87) pg/mL and (22.37 ± 5.21) ng/mL 6 weeks post-infection, respectively, which were significantly greater than those [(150.29 ± 34.91) pg/mL and (18.54 ± 7.78) ng/mL, respectively] in the normal control group (both P values < 0.05). In addition, the mRNA expression of HSP47, COL1A1 and TGF-β1 was (0.86 ± 0.04), (1.17 ± 0.06) and (0.64 ± 0.13) in mouse liver specimens, which was significantly higher than that (0.23 ± 0.03, 0.20 ± 0.02 and 0.38 ± 0.02) in the normal control group (all P values < 0.01). Conclusions The expression of TGF-β1 and HSP47 during the period of S. japonicum-induced hepatic fibrosis is consistent with the progression of the hepatic fibrosis, and exhibits the same tendency with type I collagen expression. HSP47 is a novel promising diagnosis marker and therapeutic target for S. japonicum-induced hepatic fibrosis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818898

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the performance of modified Kato-Katz thick smear method (KK method) and PCR assay in field detection of Clonorchis sinensis in human fecal samples, which provides insight into the selection of tools for detecting C. sinensis. Methods Based on the epidemiological investigation of human C. sinensis infections in Tengxian County of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in 2016, a total of 133 fecal samples were randomly selected and stored at -20 ℃. All fecal samples were detected for C. sinensis infection using KK method and PCR assay, and the detection rate was compared between the two techniques. In addition, Kappa test was used to evaluate the consistency between the two methods. Results Among all fecal samples, the overall detection rate of C. sinensis was 77.44% (103/133), and the detection rate was significantly higher by PCR assay (70.68%, 93/133) than by KK method (57.14%, 76/133) (χ2 = 26.15, P < 0.01). There were 88.16% (67/76) of the microscopy-positive fecal samples positive for PCR assay, and 47.37% (27/57) of the microscopy-negative fecal samples positive for PCR assay. The detection rate of C. sinensis by PCR assay (94.74%, 18/19) was higher in fecal samples with EPG of > 1 000 than in samples with EPG of < 1 000 (85.96%, 49/57) (χ2 = 1.05, P = 0.436). The consistency of the detection rate of C. sinensis was moderate between the KK method and PCR assay (Kappa = 0.73). Conclusions The detection rate of C. sinensis by PCR assay is significantly higher than by KK method. In low-endemic areas of C. sinensis infections, the combination of KK method and PCR assay is suggested, so as to improve the detection rate.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818776

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the performance of modified Kato-Katz thick smear method (KK method) and PCR assay in field detection of Clonorchis sinensis in human fecal samples, which provides insight into the selection of tools for detecting C. sinensis. Methods Based on the epidemiological investigation of human C. sinensis infections in Tengxian County of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in 2016, a total of 133 fecal samples were randomly selected and stored at -20 ℃. All fecal samples were detected for C. sinensis infection using KK method and PCR assay, and the detection rate was compared between the two techniques. In addition, Kappa test was used to evaluate the consistency between the two methods. Results Among all fecal samples, the overall detection rate of C. sinensis was 77.44% (103/133), and the detection rate was significantly higher by PCR assay (70.68%, 93/133) than by KK method (57.14%, 76/133) (χ2 = 26.15, P < 0.01). There were 88.16% (67/76) of the microscopy-positive fecal samples positive for PCR assay, and 47.37% (27/57) of the microscopy-negative fecal samples positive for PCR assay. The detection rate of C. sinensis by PCR assay (94.74%, 18/19) was higher in fecal samples with EPG of > 1 000 than in samples with EPG of < 1 000 (85.96%, 49/57) (χ2 = 1.05, P = 0.436). The consistency of the detection rate of C. sinensis was moderate between the KK method and PCR assay (Kappa = 0.73). Conclusions The detection rate of C. sinensis by PCR assay is significantly higher than by KK method. In low-endemic areas of C. sinensis infections, the combination of KK method and PCR assay is suggested, so as to improve the detection rate.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818589

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the dynamics changes of the myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and regulatory T (Treg) cells in mice infected with Echinococcus granulosus and explore the possible biological significance. Methods Thirty female BALB/c mice of 6 weeks old were randomly divided into the infection and control groups, of 15 mice in each group. Mice in the infection group were intraperitoneally injected with 2 000 E. granulosus protoscoleces, while those in the control group were injected with the same volume of physiological saline. Mouse liver white blood cells were harvested 3 (early stage), 6 (medium stage) and 12 months (late stage) post-infection, and the proportions of MDSCs, their subpopulations (M-MDSCs and PMN-MDSCs) and Treg cells were assessed by flow cytometry. Results The proportions of MDSCs were (1.61 ± 0.36)%, (5.68 ± 0.69)% and (16.18 ± 0.69)% in mouse liver white blood cells in the infection group 3, 6 and 12 months post-infection with E. granulosus, and (2.19 ± 0.42)%, (0.99 ± 0.07) % and (4.18 ± 0.84)% in the control group, and there were significant differences in the proportion of the MDSCs in mouse liver white blood cells between the infection and control groups 6 and 12 months post-infection (P < 0.01). The proportions of M-MDSCs were (0.69 ± 0.27)%, (5.30 ± 0.72)% and (10.75 ± 0.29)% in mouse liver white blood cells in the infection group 3, 6 and 12 months post-infection, and (0.42 ± 0.24)%, (0.69 ± 0.02)% and (2.12 ± 0.13)% in the control group, and there were significant differences in the proportion of the M-MDSCs in the mouse liver white blood cells between the infection and control groups 6 and 12 months post-infection (P < 0.01). The proportions of PMN-MDSCs were (0.93 ± 0.23)%, (0.32 ± 0.02)% and (5.14 ± 1.03)% in mouse liver white blood cells in the infection group 3, 6 and 12 months post-infection, and (1.77 ± 0.26)%, (0.28 ± 0.05)% and (1.99 ± 0.90)% in the control group, and there were significant differences in the proportion of PMN-MDSCs in mouse liver white blood cells between the infection and control groups 3 and 12 months post-infection (P < 0.05). The proportions of Treg cells were (3.35 ± 0.14)%, (6.24 ± 0.38)% and (3.41 ± 0.07)% in mouse liver white blood cells in the infection group 3, 6 and 12 months post-infection, and (3.48 ± 0.46)%, (3.65 ± 0.45)% and (3.12 ± 0.12)% in the control group, and there were significant differences in the proportion of Treg cells in mouse liver white blood cells between the infection and control groups 6 and 12 months post-infection (P < 0.01). Conclusions The percentages of both MDSCs and Treg cells increase in mouse liver white blood cells 6 and 12 months post-infection with E. granulosus, and a more remarkable increase is seen in the percentage of MDSCs, which is mainly found in M-MDSCs. These findings suggest that M-MDSCs may play a major immunosuppressive role in the medium and late stages of E. granulosus infection in mice.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818500

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the dynamic expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and heat shock protein 47 (HSP47) and explore their roles in the progression of hepatic fibrosis induced by Schistosoma japonicum infection. Methods Fifty female mice of the ICR strain were randomly divided into the infection group and the normal control group, of 25 mice in each group. Each mouse in the infection group was infected with 20 ± 1 cercariae of S. japonicum via the abdominal skin, while uninfected animals served as normal control. Five mice were sacrificed 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 weeks post-infection and liver tissues were sampled. Serum HSP47 and TGF-β1 was determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the pathological changes of liver specimens were observed with hematoxylin & eosin (HE) staining. In addition, the synthesis of alpha 1 chain of type I collagen (COL1A1) was measured using Masson staining, and the mRNA expression of TGF-β1, HSP47 and COL1A1 was determined using real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay. Results During the period of S. japonicum-induced hepatic fibrosis, the serum HSP47 and TGF-β1 levels and the mRNA expression of TGF - β1, HSP47 and COL1A1 gradually increased with the progression of hepatic fibrosis. The serum levels of HSP47 and TGF-β1 were (179.26 ± 29.87) pg/mL and (22.37 ± 5.21) ng/mL 6 weeks post-infection, respectively, which were significantly greater than those [(150.29 ± 34.91) pg/mL and (18.54 ± 7.78) ng/mL, respectively] in the normal control group (both P values < 0.05). In addition, the mRNA expression of HSP47, COL1A1 and TGF-β1 was (0.86 ± 0.04), (1.17 ± 0.06) and (0.64 ± 0.13) in mouse liver specimens, which was significantly higher than that (0.23 ± 0.03, 0.20 ± 0.02 and 0.38 ± 0.02) in the normal control group (all P values < 0.01). Conclusions The expression of TGF-β1 and HSP47 during the period of S. japonicum-induced hepatic fibrosis is consistent with the progression of the hepatic fibrosis, and exhibits the same tendency with type I collagen expression. HSP47 is a novel promising diagnosis marker and therapeutic target for S. japonicum-induced hepatic fibrosis.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815899

ABSTRACT

As the largest and most complex ecosystem in humans, gut microbiota resides in human or animal gastrointestinal tract with intestinal viruses and parasites. Previous studies have demonstrated that gut microbiotadysbiosis is strongly correlated with the development, progression and prognosis of multiple diseases. The parasites that are colonized in the host, may directly or indirectly affect gut microbiota and the gut microbiota-host homeostasis, and changes in the composition and diversity of gut microbiota may also affect parasitic infections and the development, progression and prognosis of parasitic diseases. This paper reviews the progress of research on the interplay between helminth and intestinal protozoa and gut microbiota.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798489

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether the therapeutic effect of Dahuang Mudan Tang on septic acute intestinal dysfunction in sepsis ratsis related to the regulation of expression of triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1(TREM-1). Method:Totally 100 male SD rats were injected intraperitoneally with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) at a dose of 4.5 mg·kg-1 to build sepsis model. The sepsis model rats were randomly divided into five groups:model group, glutamine group (3.75 g·kg-1),low,medium, high-dose Dahuang Mudan Tang group(7.5,15,30 g·kg-1),and another 10 normal rats were selected as normal group. Seven days later,2 mL suspension (100 mg lactulose and 50 mg mannitol) was orally administrated by gavage, and 24 h urinewas collected. The ratio of lactulose to mannitol in urine (L/M) was detected by HPLC with pulsed electrochemical detection (HPLC-PED).Serum citrulline concentrationsin blood and ileum were determined by HPLC.Enzyme linked immunesorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the concentrations of triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1(TREM-1),tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α),intestinal fatty acid binding protein(iFABP) and D-lactic acid.Real-time PCR was used to detect the mRNA expressions of TREM-1,Toll-like receptors2(TLR2),Toll-like receptors 4(TLR4),myeloid cell differentiation protein(MyD88),nuclear transcription factor-κB(NF-κB).Electron microscopy was used to observe the pathological changes of intestinal mucosa injury. Result:Compared with normal group, the serum concentrations of TREM-1,TNF-α,iFABP, D-lactate; the ratio of lactulose to mannitol in urine (L/M)and the expressions of TREM-1,TLR2,TLR4,MyD88,NF-κB mRNA in model group were increased obviously(PPPPPκB mRNA,and the serum concentrations of TREM-1 and TNF-α in all medication administration groups were decreased obviously(PD-lactate, L/M, the Chiu scorein glutamine group, medium-dose Dahuang Mudan Tang group and high-dose Dahuang Mudan Tang group were decreased obviously(PPPConclusion:Dahuang Mudan Tang can effectively treat SAID in rats, and its mechanism may be realized by regulating the expression of TREM-1 and relieving intestinal inflammation of intestinal tract.

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