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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6039-6050, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008802

ABSTRACT

Terpenoids are important secondary metabolites of plants that possess both pharmacological activity and economic value. Terpene synthases(TPSs) are key enzymes in the synthesis process of terpenoids. In order to investigate the TPS gene family members and their potential functions in Schizonepeta tenuifolia, this study conducted a systematic analysis of the TPS gene family of S. tenuifolia based on the whole genome data of S. tenuifolia using bioinformatics methods. The results revealed 57 StTPS members identified from the genome database of S. tenuifolia. The StTPS family members encoded 285-819 amino acids, with protein molecular weights ranging from 32.75 to 94.11 kDa, all of which were hydrophilic proteins. The StTPS family members were mainly distributed in the cytoplasm and chloroplasts, exhibiting a random and uneven physical localization pattern. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the StTPS genes family were divided into six subgroups, mainly belonging to the TPS-a and TPS-b subfamilies. Promoter analysis predicted that the TPS gene family members could respond to various stressors such as light, abscisic acid, and methyl jasmonate(MeJA). Transcriptome data analysis revealed that most of the TPS genes were expressed in the roots of S. tenuifolia, and qRT-PCR analysis was conducted on genes with high expression in leaves and low expression in roots. Through the analysis of the TPS gene family of S. tenuifolia, this study identified StTPS5, StTPS18, StTPS32, and StTPS45 as potential genes involved in sesquiterpene synthesis of S. tenuifolia. StTPS45 was cloned for the construction of an prokaryotic expression vector, providing a reference for further investigation of the function and role of the TPS gene family in sesquiterpene synthesis.


Subject(s)
Phylogeny , Terpenes/metabolism , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Lamiaceae/genetics , Sesquiterpenes
2.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 398-401, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006716

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the distribution of ApoE polymorphism in Shaanxi province and its correlation with lipid level and coronary heart disease type. 【Methods】 ApoE genotypes in the whole blood of 11 533 patients with cardiovascular diseases admitted to The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University from January 2019 to December 2019 were detected by PCR-fluorescent probe method. Then 3 884 patients with coronary heart disease were selected to detect the lipid level and classified for the analysis of ApoE polymorphism. 【Results】 The proportion of E2/E2, E2/E3, E3/E3, E2/E4, E4/E4 and E3/E4 was 0.69%, 11.66%, 70.31%, 1.17%, 0.83% and 15.34%, respectively. E3 genotype was the highest (71.48%), followed by E4 (16.17%), and E2 was the least (12.35%). There was no statistical difference in the distribution of ApoE polymorphism in patients with cardiovascular disease accompanied with or without coronary heart disease. Compared with those of E2, the total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) levels of E3 and E4 increased significantly (P0.008 3). 【Conclusion】 The polymorphism of ApoE in Shaanxi is mainly E3 type, and there is no statistical difference in the distribution of coronary heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases. ApoE gene polymorphism is correlated with blood lipid level and coronary heart disease, but the relationship with different types of coronary heart disease needs to be further determined.

3.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 308-316, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942005

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To understand the relationships of daily average temperature and relative humidity with outpatient visit frequency of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and whether temperature and relative humidity have a lag effect.@*METHODS@#The effects of daily average temperature, relative humidity, and their interaction in Lanzhou between January 2013 and December 2017 on the outpatient visit frequency of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients were analyzed using Poisson generalized linear regression model combined with distributed lag non-linear model.@*RESULTS@#There was a non-linear relationship between the daily average temperature and the outpatient visit frequency of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. Between -12 °C and -8 °C, the outpatient visit frequency increased gradually with the decrease of the daily average temperature, and the outpatient visit frequency of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients increased by 11.60% per 1 °C of temperature drop. The daily average relative humidity also presented a non-linear effect on the outpatient visit frequency chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. When the daily average relative humidity was in the range of 15%-28%, the outpatient visit frequency increased gradually with the decrease of relative humidity, and the outpatient visit frequency of COPD patients increased by 37.05% for every 1% decrease of relative humidity. A synergistic effect was found between air temperature and relative humidity on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, that is, under different relative humidity, the effect of air temperature was different. When the daily average relative humidity ≤ 50% and the daily average temperature≤11 °C, the effect of air temperature was the most obvious. For every 1 °C drop in temperature, the daily out-patient visit frequency of the whole population increased by 12.68% (5.62% in males and 7.56% in females; 5.24% in population < 65 years and 14.74% in population ≥ 65 years). When the daily average relative humidity > 50% and the daily average temperature ≤ 11 °C, the daily outpatient visit frequency of the whole population increased by 9.00% for every 1 °C drop in temperature (< 65 years, 7.11%; ≥65 years, 10.93%). When the daily average temperature > 11 °C, the temperature had no effect on the daily outpatient visit frequency of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients under different relative humidity.@*CONCLUSION@#The presence of a certain extent of interaction is observed between daily average temperature and relative humidity. Low-temperature and dry environment (relative humidity ≤50%, temperature ≤11 °C) as well as low-temperature and high-humidity environment (relative humidity > 50%, temperature ≤11 °C) can both increase the risk of outpatient visit in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Air Pollution , China , Humidity , Outpatients , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Temperature
4.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 635-638, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709834

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of curcumin pretreatment on brain injury induced by intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in mice.Methods Forty-eight male C57BL/6 mice,aged 8 weeks,weighing 20-24 g,were divided into 3 groups (n =16 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (Sham group),intestinal I/R group (I/R group) and curcumin pretreatment group (CUR group).Mice were subjected to 75 min superior mesenteric artery occlusion followed by 24 h reperfusion to establish the model of brain injury induced by intestinal I/R in mice.Curcumin 200 mg/kg (in 30 ml of 10% dimethyl sulfoxide) was intraperitoneally injected at 30 min before ischemia in CUR group,while 10% dinethyl sulfoxide 30 ml was given instead of curcumin in Sham group and I/R group.Two percent Evans blue (EB) in 4 ml/kg of normal saline was injected via the caudal vein at 23 h of reperfusion,1 h later mice were sacrificed,and hippocampi were removed for determination of EB content.Mice were sacrificed at 24 h of reperfusion,hippocampal tissues were isolated for determination of wet to dry weight ratio (W/D ratio) and cell apoptosis (by TUNEL) and for examination of the pathological changes (with a light microscope),and brain tissues were isolated for determination of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) contents (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay),malondialdehyde (MDA) content (by thiobarbituric acid method),superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity (by xanthine oxidase method) and expression of caspase-3 (by Western blot).Apoptosis rate was calculated.Results Compared with Sham group,the W/D ratio of hippocampal tissues,EB content and apoptosis rate were significant increased,the contents of MDA,TNF-α and IL-6 in brain tissues were increased,SOD activity was decreased,and the expression of caspase-3 was up-regulated in I/R and CUR groups (P<0.05).Compared with I/R group,the W/D ratio of hippocampal tissues,EB content and apoptosis rate were significant decreased,the contents of MDA,TNF-α and IL-6 in brain tissues were decreased,SOD activity was increased,and the expression of caspase-3 was down-regulated (P<0.05),and the pathological changes of hippocampal tissues were significantly reduced in CUR group.Conclusion Curcumin pretreatment can reduce brain injury induced by intestinal I/R in mice,and the mechanism may be related to inhibiting inflammatory responses,lipid peroxidation and cell apoptosis.

5.
Chinese Journal of cardiovascular Rehabilitation Medicine ; (6): 189-192, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512549

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare therapeutic effects of clopidogrel and loading dose ticagrelor on aged patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).Methods: A total of 160 aged STEMI patients undergoing emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were selected.According to random number table, they were randomly and equally divided into clopidogrel group (received loading dose aspirin and clopidogrel therapy) and ticagrelor group (received loading dose aspirin and ticagrelor therapy).Coronary TIMI flow grade, incidence rate of no-reflow after PCI, and incidence of cardiac adverse events and bleeding events in one month after PCI were compared between two groups.Results: Compared with clopidogrel group after PCI, there was significant rise in percentage of coronary TIMI flow grade 3 (71.25% vs.90.00%), and significant reduction in incidence rate of no-reflow (28.75% vs.10.00%) in ticagrelor group,P0.05 all.Conclusion: Loading dose ticagrelor can effectively improve coronary blood flow, reduce no-reflow and its safety is good in aged patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction, which is worth extending.

6.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 680-683, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664422

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the epidemiological characteristics of chronic pain following breast cancer surgery and analyze the related factors.Methods Nine hundred and twelve patients following breast cancer surgery were enrolled in the Department of Breast Surgery,Affiliated Hospital,Academy of Military Medical Sciences.The Douleur Neuropathique-4 (DN-4) questionnaire was used to identify neuropathic pain,and the related factors were statistically analyzed.Results The follow-up was completed in 821 patients,including 263 (32%) patients with chronic pain.DN-4 score of 47 (17.9%)patients was over 4 points.There was significant difference between the painful group and the non-painful group in methods of surgery and axillary lymph node dissection (P < 0.05).Conclusion Findings suggest that chronic pain after breast cancer surgery is a significant problem clinically.Proper surgery and psychological buildup are of clinical value in preventing post-surgery chronic pain.

7.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 877-881, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662501

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors of coronary slow flow (CSF) in relevant patients.Methods:A total of 1 530 patients received coronary angiography (CAG) in our hospital from 2008-01 to 2010-09 were retrospectively studied.According to corrected TIMI frame counts,2 groups were established:CSF group,n=139 patients without obvious coronary artery stenosis but with CSF and Control group,n=232 patients without obvious coronary artery stenosis and with normal coronary blood flow.Basic clinical condition,risk factors and routine laboratory tests were compared between 2 groups;the influencing factors of CSF were evaluated by multivariate Logistic regression analysis.Results:① The following parameters were different between 2 groups:age,gender,histories of smoking and diabetes;red blood cells (RBC),hemoglobin,mean hemoglobin concentration,hematocrit (HCT),mean RBC volume,RBC distribution width;neutrophils,monocytes,basophilic granulocyte,the ratios of lymphocytes/monocytes (LMR),neutrophils/monocytes (NMR),neutrophils/lymphocytes (NLR) and platelet/lymphocytes (PLR);glutamic oxalacetic transaminase,creatine kinase and total bile acid,P<0.05.② Correlation analysis showed that RBC (r=0.191,P<0.01),hemoglobin (r=0.184,P<0.01),neutrophils (r=0.218,P<0.01),mean hemoglobin concentration (r=0.151,P<0.01),mean RBC volume (r=-0.138,P<0.01),total bile acid (r=-0.172,P<0.01),NLR (r=0.231,P<0.01),LMR (r=-0.157,P<0.01) and NMR (r=0.121,P<0.01)were related to 3-branch mean flow frame.③ Multivariate Logistic regression analysis indicated that total bile acid (partial regression coefficient=-0.102,P<0.01),LMR (partial regression coefficient =-0.381,P<0.01) and NMR (partial regression coefficient =0.489,P<0.01) were the independent influencing factors of coronary slow flow.Conclusion:Total bile acids,LMR and NMR were the influencing factors of coronary slow flow in relevant patients.

8.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 877-881, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660167

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors of coronary slow flow (CSF) in relevant patients.Methods:A total of 1 530 patients received coronary angiography (CAG) in our hospital from 2008-01 to 2010-09 were retrospectively studied.According to corrected TIMI frame counts,2 groups were established:CSF group,n=139 patients without obvious coronary artery stenosis but with CSF and Control group,n=232 patients without obvious coronary artery stenosis and with normal coronary blood flow.Basic clinical condition,risk factors and routine laboratory tests were compared between 2 groups;the influencing factors of CSF were evaluated by multivariate Logistic regression analysis.Results:① The following parameters were different between 2 groups:age,gender,histories of smoking and diabetes;red blood cells (RBC),hemoglobin,mean hemoglobin concentration,hematocrit (HCT),mean RBC volume,RBC distribution width;neutrophils,monocytes,basophilic granulocyte,the ratios of lymphocytes/monocytes (LMR),neutrophils/monocytes (NMR),neutrophils/lymphocytes (NLR) and platelet/lymphocytes (PLR);glutamic oxalacetic transaminase,creatine kinase and total bile acid,P<0.05.② Correlation analysis showed that RBC (r=0.191,P<0.01),hemoglobin (r=0.184,P<0.01),neutrophils (r=0.218,P<0.01),mean hemoglobin concentration (r=0.151,P<0.01),mean RBC volume (r=-0.138,P<0.01),total bile acid (r=-0.172,P<0.01),NLR (r=0.231,P<0.01),LMR (r=-0.157,P<0.01) and NMR (r=0.121,P<0.01)were related to 3-branch mean flow frame.③ Multivariate Logistic regression analysis indicated that total bile acid (partial regression coefficient=-0.102,P<0.01),LMR (partial regression coefficient =-0.381,P<0.01) and NMR (partial regression coefficient =0.489,P<0.01) were the independent influencing factors of coronary slow flow.Conclusion:Total bile acids,LMR and NMR were the influencing factors of coronary slow flow in relevant patients.

9.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 1686-1690, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669125

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphism ( SNP) of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 ( PCSK9 ) rs2479409 and cognitive impairment .Methods In this population-based cohort study conducted in Rugao , Jiangsu province , China , a total of 1707 participants aged 70-84 years old were included.The cognitive impairment was assessed by Revised-Hasegawa Dementia Scale (HDS-R).Their SNPs rs2479409 of PCSK9 were examined.Results According the HDS-R, there were 789 cases in cognitive im-pairment group and 918 cases in control group .GG and AG were major genotype of rs 2479409.The distribution of allele frequency and genotype frequency of rs 2479409 was significantly different between cognitive impairment group and the control group ( P<0.05 ) .A allele was a protective factor for cognitive impairment , and risk of cognitive im-pairment increased by 1.66 folds in GG genotype compared with AA genotype GG genotype ( OR=1.66,95 %CI 1.16-2.36,P<0.01), the significance remained after adjusting for confounders (P<0.05).Conclusions SNP rs2479409 of PCSK9 gene is associated with cognitive impairment .

10.
Recent Advances in Ophthalmology ; (6): 1060-1063, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667420

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the changes in epithelial thickness profile and its relationship with diopter following small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) for moderate and high myopia.Methods Together 46 myopia or myopic astigmatism (92 eyes) who underwent SMILE were included under the informed consent from January 2016 to March 2017 and were decided into 2 groups according to the diopter:moderate myopia group (58 eyes)and high myopia group (34 eyes).Epithelial thickness profile was measured using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography at different corneal zones (0-2 mm,> 2-5 mm and > 5-6 mm cornea) preoperatively before surgery and 1 month and 6 months after surgery for observing the changes in epithelial thickness and its correction with diopter.Results The mean epithelial thickness in the central zone was (55.68 ± 3.61) μm before surgery,and,6 months after surgery,it was thickened by (3.85-±3.99),(3.46 ±3.29) and (2.85 ±3.18) μm in the 0-2 mm,>2-5 mum and >5-6 mm cornea respectively,and the difference was statistically significant among the three zones (P < 0.01).After surgery for 6 months,the epithelial thickness in the high myopia group was thickened more obviously compared with the moderate myopia group (t =1.440,P =-0.047).And no correlation was found between changes in the epithelial thickness at 0-2 mm cornea and diopter after surgery(moderate myopia group:r =0.219,P=0.633;high myopia group:r =0.197,P =0.585).Conclusion Significant epithelial thickening was observed after SMILE,presenting the thickened epithelium.The higher the diopter was,the more thickened the epithelium was.The epithelial changes does not appear to affect the diopter after SMILE.

11.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12): 925-929, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666759

ABSTRACT

With the advancement of manned space science and technology,the scope of human exploration into outer space has been gradually expanded.The time and distances that astronauts flight on-board are becoming longer and longer.However,long-term microgravity can negatively affect astronauts' physical and psychological aspects,thus influencing their health and leading to the failure of work tasks,and even threatening their lives.This paper reviews USA,Russia and Europe research results in the field of astronauts on-board physical training methods and health protection measures,with the purpose of learning from their successful experience.Overall,it is suggested that for cross complementation in sport science,we should make the introduction of advanced and successful training systems to solve problems existing in astronauts on-board training,ensuring the maintenance of health.

12.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 81-85, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621275

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the picture features of high resolution micro-endoscopy (HRME) for normal gastrointestinal mucosa. Methods We select 10 cases' normal esophageal mucosa, gastric and duodenal mucosa, in-testinal mucosa and colonic mucosal biopsies for this study, use HRME to observe the specimens and describe the features of different parts of the digestive tract normal mucosa according to the collected HRME pictures. Results After HRME imaging, all specimens were sent to pathological examination. We obtained 1 284 HRME pictures for 50 cases of biopsy specimens, 400 pictures were selected for results analysis after screening. HRME image charac-teristics of different parts of the digestive tract normal mucosa are as follows. Esophageal mucosa: cell arrangement rules, round and bright nucleus, the same size, nuclear spacing normal, the number of cells per field in basically are the same. Fundic mucosa: numerous closely arranged glands as well as oval or elongated branched openings of the gastric pits and linear peripheral cracks were visible; the nuclei were arranged regularly. Antral mucosa: irregular or tubular openings of the gastric pits and cracked glandular cavities were visible, with the cells surrounding the gastric pits regularly arranged and the nuclei small and densely distributed. Duodenal mucosa:visible villi was large fingers,on both sides of lint jagged depression, stereoscopic obviously, a cluster-like arrangement and the gap was crack-like. Intestinal mucosa:villous structures wider gap is wider, less than the number of the duodenum. Colonic mucosa:the nucleus of the same size, shape rules, round or oval and daisy-like glandular structures. All specimens were confirmed normal mucosa by pathology. Conclusion HRME can accurately identify the different parts of the diges-tive tract normal mucosa and it has a high consistency compared with pathological results.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4275-4277, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503389

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for the contents determination of astragalosidesⅠ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ,Ⅳ,lobetyolin and for-mononetin in Shenqi fuzheng injection. METHODS:HPLC was performed. The detector was evaporative light scattering detector, column was Ultimate XB-C18 with mobile phase of acetonitrile-0.5% formic acid (gradient elution) at a flow rate of 1.2 ml/min, column temperature was 30 ℃,and injection volume was 10 μl. RESULTS:The linear range was 0.62-5.67 μg for astragalosidesⅠ(r=0.999 6),0.78-6.31 μg for astragalosidesⅡ(r=0.999 6),0.36-3.48 μg for astragalosidesⅢ(r=0.999 7),0.81-6.72 μg for as-tragalosides Ⅳ(r=0.999 5),0.82-7.03 μg for lobetyolin(r=0.999 8)and 0.58-6.62 μg(r=0.999 7)formononetin;limit of quan-titation was 1.21,0.15,0.12,0.03,0.12,0.17 μg/ml;limit of detection was 0.35,0.35,0.04,0.01,0.03,0.04 μg/ml;RSDs of pre-cision,stability and reproducibility tests were lower than 2%;recoveries were 95.1%-101.1%(RSD=2.0%,n=9),95.2%-100.7%(RSD=1.9%,n=9),95.8%-100.2%(RSD=1.4%,n=9),96.2%-100.6%(RSD=1.7%,n=9),96.6%-101.2%(RSD=1.4%, n=9) and 95.9%-99.5%(RSD=1.2%,n=9),respectively. CONCLUSIONS:The method is simple and accurate,and can be used for the simultaneous determination of astragalosidesⅠ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ,Ⅳ,lobetyolin and formononetin in Shenqi fuzheng injection.

14.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 466-470, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498568

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility of high?resolution microendoscopy( HRME) im?aging for animal gastrointestinal mucosa. Methods Mucosal tissues were harvested from the stomach, small intestine, and large intestine of Japanese big?ear white rabbits. The effects of HRME imaging of different lo?cations such as the gastric antrum and fundus, small intestine and large intestine were observed, and those of different exposure time were compared.Accuracy of HRME imaging was compared with pathology. Results The specific tissues of the gastrointestinal mucosa could be clearly distinguished from the HRME images. In the superficial layer of the fundic mucosa, numerous closely arranged glands as well as oval or elongated branched openings of the gastric pits and linear peripheral cracks were visible;the nuclei were arranged reg?ularly. In the superficial layer of the antral mucosa, irregular or tubular openings of the gastric pits and cracked glandular cavities were visible, with the cells surrounding the gastric pits regularly arranged and the nuclei small and densely distributed. In the superficial layer of the small intestine mucosa, stereoscopic thick?finger?shaped villi cluster was visible. The intervillous spaces were crack?like, and the surface was cov?ered by regularly arranged reflective, absorptive cells. In the superficial layer of the large intestine mucosa, many regularly arranged daisy?like round crypts of uniform size, as well as reflective, goblet cells surrounding the crypt and the interval space between crypts were visible. When the exposure time increased, the nuclei became brighter. An excellent correlation was noted between the results of histologic examination and those obtained by using HRME. Conclusion HRME can produce accurate images of the animal gastro?intestinal mucosae and may be a novel technique for further studies of human gastrointestinal pathology.

15.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 322-327, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811952

ABSTRACT

@#Carbon dots(CDs)were firstly prepared via a simple pyrolysis route using citric acid as the carbon precursor and glycine as modifier. The obtained CDs were further purified by n-butyl alcohol, which made the particle size more uniform and the fluorescence intensity stronger. When excited at 380 nm, the maximum emission wavelength of the CDs was about 480 nm, with a quantum yield of 47%. Based on fluorescence quenching, a novel method for chloramphenicol assay was developed with glycine-passivated CDs. This method is simple and rapid. A linear relationship between the change of fluorescence intensity and the concentration of chloramphenicol was obtained with a relation coefficient of 0. 999 7. The recovery was in the range of 99% to 101% with a relative standard deviation of 0. 3%, which shows CDs′ potential application in drug detection.

16.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 82-87, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686724

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the risk association of ABCA1-V771M polymorphism with coronary heart disease (CHD) in Hart nationality in Northwest of China. Methods With case-control study, ABCA1-V771M polymorphism was detected in 204 unrelated Hart nationality people in Northwest of China, and all the subjects by coronary angiography were grouped into 106 cases and 98 controls. The genotypes and alleles frequency distribution of ABCA1-V771M polymorphisms were analyzed by PCR-RFLP analysis, and the clinical statistics of serum lipids were compared and its effects of ABCA1-V771M polymorphism on the plasma lipid levels and coronary atherosclerotic heart disease were analyzed. Results The genotypic frequencies of ABCA1-V771M polymorphism matched well under Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (P>0.05), V and M allelic frequencies were 33.3% and 66.7%. In comparison with VV+VM genotype carriers, MM genotypes carriers had much lower plasma levels of HDL-C (P<0. 001) and much higher plasma levels of TG (P<0. 05). M allelic frequency in CHD group was significantly higher than V allelic frequency (P<0. 05). M allele was related with more severity of atherosclerosis in the coronary artery than V allele (P<0.05). However, there was no obvious difference in the incidence of AMI among carriers with three genotypes of ABCA1-V771M polymorphism (P>0.05). Conclusion ABCA1-V771M polymorphism was not only associated with the plasma levels of HDL-C and TG, but also related to the susceptibility and severity of coronary atheroselerotic heart disease. Moreover, M771 allele appeared to be atherogenie among Han population in Northwest of China.

17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 704-707, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307985

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the gene mutation in a Chinese family with congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) and predict the changes of the secondary structure of the protein.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing were used to screen for KCNH2 mutation in the proband. After the mutation was identified, KCNH2 gene of the family members was screened by multiplex PCR with site-specific primers. Network analysis software was used to predict the secondary structure of the KCNH2 protein.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A novel heterozygous missense mutation of F463L(GenBank accession no.EU218526) located at the transmembrane domain S2 of KCNH2 was detected. The mutation did not result in the change of the transmembrane domain, but altered the hydrophobicity and secondary structure of the protein.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The novel mutation identified in this study has enriched the GenBank data of ion channel gene mutation in LQTS. The changes of the secondary structure caused by the gene mutation were analyzed by Mfold and TMHMM software, which may help to understand LQTS.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Amino Acid Sequence , Asian People , Genetics , Base Sequence , DNA Mutational Analysis , ERG1 Potassium Channel , Ether-A-Go-Go Potassium Channels , Chemistry , Genetics , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , Long QT Syndrome , Genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Mutation, Missense , Pedigree , Protein Structure, Secondary , Protein Structure, Tertiary
18.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1257-1259, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338179

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To investigate the reconstruction of skin defect after extended resection of malignant skin tumor in or adjacent to the genitals, and to investigate the recovery of the function of urinary system and sexual intercourse after the operation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From February 1998 to August 2006, 17 patients with carcinoma of sweat gland or Paget's disease in or adjacent to the genitals were given standard radical resections including groin lymph node dissections. The deformation of penis were corrected with the split-thickness skin grafts.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A large split-thickness skin to cover the wound gave a good result. More than 95% of the skin survived, and the shape and function were perfect.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>It is a simple and easy way to repair the skin defect. And the patients have a normal shape and function of genitals. The erectile function and the ability of sexual intercourse is good.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Follow-Up Studies , Lymph Node Excision , Paget Disease, Extramammary , General Surgery , Penile Neoplasms , General Surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Methods , Scrotum , Skin Neoplasms , General Surgery , Skin Transplantation , Methods , Surgical Flaps , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 503-507, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283485

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical, pathologic and radiologic features of chondroblastoma occurring in sites other than epiphysis and apophysis of long bones, and to investigate possible reasons for misdiagnosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical, pathologic and radiologic data of 18 chondroblastoma cases occurring in atypical sites were collected from 5 major hospitals in Shanghai during the past 12 years. S-100 immunostaining was performed to confirm the cartilaginous differentiation of the tumor cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Chondroblastoma occurred in small bones of feet in 10 of the 18 cases (55.6%) studied, being commonest in the talus and calcaneus bones. Mean age of the patients was 27.8 years, with 55.6% over 25 years of age. Radiologic examination revealed expansive, multilocular and well-demarcated radiolucent lesions in most cases. There was local cortical destruction in 5 cases (28%) and soft tissue infiltration in 1 case. In 10 cases (55.6%), the tumor was associated with aneurismal bone cyst or simple bone cyst formation. None of the cases studied was accurately diagnosed clinically before the operation. In 2 cases, the pathology was also misdiagnosed, often being diagnosed as aneurismal bone cyst or giant cell tumor.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Chondroblastoma occurring in atypical sites are often associated with atypical age, radiologic features and pathologic findings at presentation. Thorough understanding of the potential pitfalls is essential in order to avoid misdiagnosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Bone Diseases , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Bone Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Calcaneus , Chondroblastoma , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Diagnostic Errors , Giant Cell Tumor of Bone , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Radiography , Talus
20.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6)1982.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-548820

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect Tp-e/QT ratio in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and explore its clinical significance. Methods Healthy individuals and patients with acute STEMI were recruited in this study. Their first QTc,QTd and Tp-e were measured within 24 h after admission to hospital,and Tp-e/QT ratio was calculated so as to analyze the relation between Tp-Te/QT ratio and malignant ventricular arrhythmia. Results Compared with those of the healthy individuals,the intervals of QTd,Tp-e and QTc were significantly lengthened \[(33.66?16.76)ms vs. (55.29?31.12)ms,(89.55?12.61)ms vs. (142.65?39.33)ms,and (426.57?65.03)ms vs. (482.26?48.03)ms,P

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