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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928631

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical effect and adverse drug reactions of different doses of glucocorticoid (GC) in the treatment of children with recurrence of steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS).@*METHODS@#A total of 67 children who were hospitalized and diagnosed with SSNS recurrence in the Department of Nephrology, Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, from November 2017 to December 2019 were enrolled. They were randomly divided into a moderate-dose GC group (32 children) and a full-dose GC group (35 children). The two groups were compared in terms of urinary protein clearance, recurrence rate within 6 months, and incidence rate of GC-associated adverse reactions.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the urinary protein clearance rate between the moderate-dose GC and full-dose GC groups (91% vs 94%, P>0.05). There was also no significant difference in the recurrence rate within 6 months between the two groups (41% vs 36%, P>0.05). At 6 months of follow-up, compared with the full-dose GC group, the moderate-dose GC group had a significantly lower cumulative dose of prednisone [(87±18) mg/kg vs (98±16) mg/kg, P=0.039] and a significantly lower proportion of children with an abnormal increase in body weight (6% vs 33%, P=0.045). The logistic regression analysis showed that prednisone dose ≥10 mg/alternate day at enrollment was a risk factor for recurrence within 6 months in children with SSNS (P=0.018).@*CONCLUSIONS@#For children with SSNS recurrence, moderate-dose GC has similar effects to full-dose GC in the remission induction rate and the recurrence rate within 6 months, with a lower cumulative dose and fewer GC-associated adverse reactions within 6 months than full-dose GC.


Subject(s)
Child , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Humans , Nephrotic Syndrome/drug therapy , Prednisone/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Remission Induction
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908337

ABSTRACT

Infection is the most common complication of nephrotic syndrome in children.Serious infection leads to poor prognosis, and always deteriorates rapidly, especially in the infection of pneumocystis jeroveci and varicella.For the long-term use of steroid and immunosuppressor, patients with infection always have atypical clinical symptoms and the correct diagnosis is liable to be delayed.Therefore, it′s important to be well aware of medical histories, physical signs and associated laboratory tests.Timely control of infection and protection of renal function are the main principles of treatment in the children with nephrotic syndrome and serious infection.Meanwhile, daily health management should be strengthened for the patients to prevent the occurrence of infection.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879899

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical features of preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g undergoing different intensities of resuscitation.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g and a gestational age less than 32 weeks who were treated in the neonatal intensive care unit of 20 hospitals in Jiangsu, China from January 2018 to December 2019. According to the intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room, the infants were divided into three groups:non-tracheal intubation (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the non-tracheal intubation group, the tracheal intubation and ECPR groups had significantly lower rates of cesarean section and use of antenatal corticosteroid (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g, the higher intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room is related to lower rate of antenatal corticosteroid therapy, lower gestational age, and lower birth weight. The infants undergoing tracheal intubation or ECRP in the delivery room have an increased incidence rate of adverse clinical outcomes. This suggests that it is important to improve the quality of perinatal management and delivery room resuscitation to improve the prognosis of the infants.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Cesarean Section , China , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879857

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the efficacy and safety of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) versus cyclophosphamide (CTX) in the treatment of children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) and nephrotic-range proteinuria.@*METHODS@#A prospective clinical trial was conducted in 68 pediatric patients who were admitted to the Department of Nephrology, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics and who were diagnosed with HSPN and nephrotic-range proteinuria from August 2016 to November 2019. The patients were randomly divided into two groups:MMF treatment (@*RESULTS@#At months 3, 6, and 12 of treatment, there was no significant difference in the complete remission rate and the response rate between the MMF treament and CTX treatment groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#MMF and CTX have similar efficacy and safety in the treatment of HSPN children with nephrotic-range proteinuria.


Subject(s)
Child , Cyclophosphamide/adverse effects , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects , Mycophenolic Acid/adverse effects , Nephritis/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Proteinuria/etiology , IgA Vasculitis/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877092

ABSTRACT

Objective This paper studies the features of pneumoconiosis cases occurred in Wuxi from 2006 to 2019 in order to provide solid evidence for the future counter measurements to prevent and control pneumoconiosis. Methods According to the data collected from the Information System of Occupational Disease and Occupational Health, there were 2 386 cases of pneumoconiosis reported in Wuxi from 2006 to 2019, and this paper had an epidemiological study analyzing the ages, length of work and other relevant factors of the reported cases. Results Among the 2 386 cases from 2006 to 2019, there were 1 552 cases of silicosis (65.05%); followed by 409 cases of electric welders’ pneumoconiosis (17.14%); the number of coal-worker’s pneumoconiosis was the least, only 192 cases were reported (8.05%). The average years of exposure to dust was 15.92±8.06 years, the year of onset mainly distributed in 10 to 19 years (42.33%), followed by 20 to 29 years (26.15%). The incidence and severity was related to the years of dust exposure (P<0.05). The majority of the interval between the years of the first diagnosis and progressed cases of pneumoconiosis was less than 10 years (123 cases and 49.00%), followed by 10 to 19 years (99 cases and 39.44%). Conclusion The majority ofpneumoconiosis cases in Wuxi is silicosis, which requires interested parties to strengthen occupational health management.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3950-3965, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922452

ABSTRACT

With the understanding of microRNA (miRNA or miR) functions in tumor initiation, progression, and metastasis, efforts are underway to develop new miRNA-based therapies. Very recently, we demonstrated effectiveness of a novel humanized bioengineered miR-124-3p prodrug in controlling spontaneous lung metastasis in mouse models. This study was to investigate the molecular and cellular mechanisms by which miR-124-3p controls tumor metastasis. Proteomics study identified a set of proteins selectively and significantly downregulated by bioengineered miR-124-3p in A549 cells, which were assembled into multiple cellular components critical for metastatic potential. Among them, plectin (PLEC) was verified as a new direct target for miR-124-3p that links cytoskeleton components and junctions. In miR-124-3p-treated lung cancer and osteosarcoma cells, protein levels of vimentin, talin 1 (TLN1), integrin beta-1 (ITGB1), IQ motif containing GTPase activating protein 1 (IQGAP1), cadherin 2 or N-cadherin (CDH2), and junctional adhesion molecule A (F11R or JAMA or JAM1) decreased, causing remodeling of cytoskeletons and disruption of cell-cell junctions. Furthermore, miR-124-3p sharply suppressed the formation of focal adhesion plaques, leading to reduced cell adhesion capacity. Additionally, efficacy and safety of biologic miR-124-3p therapy was established in an aggressive experimental metastasis mouse model

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922544

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis are major pathological manifestations observed in left ventricular remodeling induced by angiotensin II (AngII). Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) has been reported to ameliorate cardiac dysfunction and myocardial fibrosis in myocardial infarction (MI) through mechano-transduction and its downstream pathways. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether LIPUS could exert a protective effect by ameliorating AngII-induced cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis and if so, to further elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms.@*METHODS@#We used AngII to mimic animal and cell culture models of cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis. LIPUS irradiation was applied in vivo for 20 min every 2 d from one week before mini-pump implantation to four weeks after mini-pump implantation, and in vitro for 20 min on each of two occasions 6 h apart. Cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis levels were then evaluated by echocardiographic, histopathological, and molecular biological methods.@*RESULTS@#Our results showed that LIPUS could ameliorate left ventricular remodeling in vivo and cardiac fibrosis in vitro by reducing AngII-induced release of inflammatory cytokines, but the protective effects on cardiac hypertrophy were limited in vitro. Given that LIPUS increased the expression of caveolin-1 in response to mechanical stimulation, we inhibited caveolin-1 activity with pyrazolopyrimidine 2 (pp2) in vivo and in vitro. LIPUS-induced downregulation of inflammation was reversed and the anti-fibrotic effects of LIPUS were absent.@*CONCLUSIONS@#These results indicated that LIPUS could ameliorate AngII-induced cardiac fibrosis by alleviating inflammation via a caveolin-1-dependent pathway, providing new insights for the development of novel therapeutic apparatus in clinical practice.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 159-170, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781544

ABSTRACT

MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) are small noncoding RNAs derived from genome to control target gene expression. Recently we have developed a novel platform permitting high-yield production of bioengineered miRNA agents (BERA). This study is to produce and utilize novel fully-humanized BERA/miR-328-3p molecule (hBERA/miR-328) to delineate the role of miR-328-3p in controlling nutrient uptake essential for cell metabolism. We first demonstrated successful high-level expression of hBERA/miR-328 in bacteria and purification to high degree of homogeneity (>98%). Biologic miR-328-3p prodrug was selectively processed to miR-328-3p to suppress the growth of highly-proliferative human osteosarcoma (OS) cells. Besides glucose transporter protein type 1, gene symbol solute carrier family 2 member 1 (GLUT1/), we identified and verified large neutral amino acid transporter 1, gene symbol solute carrier family 7 member 5 (LAT1/) as a direct target for miR-328-3p. While reduction of LAT1 protein levels by miR-328-3p did not alter homeostasis of amino acids within OS cells, suppression of GLUT1 led to a significantly lower glucose uptake and decline in intracellular levels of glucose and glycolytic metabolite lactate. Moreover, combination treatment with hBERA/miR-328 and cisplatin or doxorubicin exerted a strong synergism in the inhibition of OS cell proliferation. These findings support the utility of novel bioengineered RNA molecules and establish an important role of miR-328-3p in the control of nutrient transport and homeostasis behind cancer metabolism.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 535-542, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870987

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the related factors of poor prognostis in children with Henoch-Sch?nlein purpura nephritis (HSPN), and provide reference for predicting and improving the prognosis of children with HSPN.Methods:The clinical and pathological data of children with HSPN hospitalized in the Department of Nephrology, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from May 2007 to June 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. According to the prognosis, the patients were divided into complete remission group and persistent abnormal group.Results:(1) Among 108 cases, there were 73 males and 35 females, with the onset age ranging from 5 to 16 years and average age of (9.5±2.8) years. The interval time from the first clinic in our hospital to the last follow-up was 2-131 months, with average of 24.8 months. Renal involvement occurred in the course of Henoch-Sch?nlein purpura from 1 day to 51 months, and the renal biopsy time was 5 days to 60 months after renal involvement. (2) Hematuria with proteinuria type and nephrotic syndrome type were predominant, and there was no significant difference between the two groups. The proportion of gross hematuria in the persistent abnormal group were significantly higher than that in the complete remission group (52.6% vs 31.4%, χ2=4.659, P=0.031). There were significant differences in serum creatinine and urea between the two groups (both P<0.05). The proportion of hyperuricemia in the persistent abnormal group was higher than that in the complete remission group (39.5% vs 21.4%, χ2=3.998, P=0.046). After clinical treatment, though there was no significant difference in proteinuria between the two groups at the beginning of the disease, the negative transformation rate of proteinuria in the complete remission group was higher than that in the persistent abnormal group after 3 months (55.7% vs 34.2%, χ2=4.562, P=0.033). (3) According to International study of Kidney Disease in Children (ISKDC) pathology classification, 14 cases (36.8%), 21 cases (55.3%), 3 cases (7.9%) withⅡ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ level in the persistent abnormal group and 21 cases (30.0%), 49 cases (70.0%), 0 case with Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ level (70.0%) in the complete remission group after (20.16±24.86) months of follow-up, and the difference between the two groups was not statisticcally significant ( Z=-0.135, P=0.892). According to the Oxford Classification of IgA nephropathy, 36(33.3%) children had tubule-interstitial lesions (T1, 26%-50% tubular atrophy or interstitial fibrosis), and the proportion in the persistent abnormal group was significantly higher than that in the complete remission group (50.0% vs 24.3%, Z=-2.695, P=0.007). (4) Compared with T0 (0-25% tubular atrophy or interstitial fibrosis), the incidence of gross hematuria and hyperuricemia in the T1 tubule-interstitial lesion were both higher than that (respectively 63.9% vs 27.8%, χ2=13.061, P<0.001; 38.9% vs 22.2%, χ2=3.983, P=0.046). (5) Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that renal tubule-interstitial lesion was a risk factor for poor prognosis of HSPN ( OR=2.580, 95% CI 1.055-6.310, P=0.038). Conclusions:Renal tubule-interstitial lesion is a risk factor for the persistent abnormal of HSPN. Gross hematuria and hyperuricemia are related to tubule-interstitial lesions.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868063

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the influence of different factors on the entropy and grayscale values extracted from the ultrasonic original radio-frequency signals of normal human gastrocnemius.Methods:The ultrasonic original radio-frequency signals of 10 healthy men and 10 healthy women admitted to the Department of Ultrasound of First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from October to December 2019 in natural ankle joint position, maximum plantar flflexion and maximum dorsiflflexion position were collected, and the entropy and grayscale values were obtained by processing these signals with MATLAB software to analyze the differences of parameters in different positions and sections, and to discuss the influence of age, gender and BMI on them.Results:Comparison of the values between different sections: the differences between longitudinal extraction entropy values and transverse extraction entropy values at the maximum dorsiflexion position were statistically significant ( P<0.05), the differences between longitudinal extraction grayscale values and transverse extraction grayscale values at the natural position were statistically significant ( P<0.05) and both of values extracted in the longitudinal plane were higher than those extracted in the transverse plane. Comparison of the values among different positions of the ankle joints: the values of the maximal metatarsal flexion were statistically different from those of the natural position and the maximal dorsiflexion ( P<0.05), and the values of the maximal metatarsal flexion were the lowest, while the entropy and gray values of the natural position and the maximal dorsiflexion were not statistically different ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in ultrasonic characteristic parameters between different genders and different age groups ( P>0.05). There was no correlation between BMI and characteristic parameters ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The entropy and grayscale values extracted from the original radio-frequency ultrasonic signals of healthy persons′ gastrocnemius can quantitatively reflect the difference in muscle structure from different positions and setions. As a result, this method can be considered in the quantitative evaluation of neuromuscular diseases.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864146

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the features and advantages of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) applied in children with kidney diseases as well as the correlation between ambulatory blood pressure and clinical indicators.Methods:The clinical data of children with kidney diseases who were hospitalized and received ABPM in Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from March 2012 to March 2018 were collected.Clinical blood pressure and ABPM indicators were analyzed and compared between different clinical groups.Results:(1) Among 170 cases enrolled, 69 cases (40.6%) were hypertension by measuring clinical blood pressure, 54 cases (31.8%) were ambulatory hypertension, 43 cases (25.3%) of whom had severe ambulatory hypertension, 17 cases (10.0%) had white coat hypertension, 41 cases (24.1%) were defined as masked hypertension, and 139 cases (81.8%) had impaired circadian rhythm of blood pressure.(2) Ninety-five point nine percent (163/170 cases) were detected of abnormal blood pressure by ABPM, and the rate was significantly higher than that detected by clinical blood pressure (40.6%, 69/170 cases) ( χ2=149.176, P<0.001). In the 40 cases who were administrated with antihypertensive drugs, 95.0%(38 cases) were detected to have anomalous blood pressure by ABPM, significantly more than that detected by clinical blood pressure(42.5%, 17/40 cases)( χ2=10.208, P=0.001). (3) Logistic regression analysis indicated that a prolonged clinical course of more than 3 months, obesity and nephrotic-range proteinuria were the risk factors of ambulatory hypertension, and the odd ratios were 5.345, 3.530 and 6.560, respectively.Circadian rhythm disorders of blood pressure were more common in the children with abnormal renal function than in those with normal renal function[89.7%(52/58 cases) vs.75.9%(85/112 cases)], and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=4.626, P=0.031). Conclusions:Children with kidney diseases have a high incidence of hypertension.ABPM plays a key role in detecting hypertension and recognizing white coat hypertension.Nephrotic-range proteinuria and obesity are risk factors for ambulance hypertension, and abnormal renal function is associated with nocturnal blood pressure disorders.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752374

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the relationship of clinical manifestations and pathological characteristics of Henoch-Sch(o)nlein purpura nephritis combined with hyperuricemia in children.Methods A retrospective study was conducted in 50 children with Henoch-Sch(o)nlein purpura nephritis who hospitalized at Department of Nephrology,Affiliated Children's Hospital,Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2014 to May 2018.The differences between the hyperuricemia group(19 cases)and the normal uric acid group (31 cases),were compared in age,sex,blood pressure,serum albumin,24-hour urinary protein,serum creatinine,triglyceride,cholesterol,high density lipoprotein,low density lipoprotein,serum uric acid,estimated glomerular filtration rate,and renal pathological characteristics,and the short-term prognosis was analyzed.Results (1) The average urinary protein in the hyperuricemia group and the normal uric acid group was (91.67 ±90.37) mg/(kg · d) and (64.62 ±43.28) mg/(kg · d),respectively and the difference was statistically significant between the both groups(t =2.04,P =0.047);and the morbidity with massive proteinuria in hyperuricemia group and normal uric acid group was 18/19 cases (94.7%)and 17/31 cases (54.8%),respectively and the difference was statistically significant between the both groups (x2 =8.930,P =0.003).(2)In all cases,there were 4 cases of glomerular pathological grade Ⅱ,43 cases of grade Ⅲ and 3 cases of grade Ⅳ.The pathological grading of hyperuricemia group and normal uric acid group was mainly grade Ⅲ,including 16/19 cases (84.2%) in hyperuricemia group and 27/31 cases (87.1%) in normal uric acid group,4 cases of grade Ⅱ in normal uric acid group and 3 cases of grade Ⅳ in hyperuricemia group,the pathological grade of hyperuricemia group was relatively severe (x2 =7.358,P =0.025).There was no significant difference about the degree of global sclerosis and mesangial proliferation between hyperuricemia group and normal uric acid group(x2 =2.426,P =0.119,x2 =0.043,P =0.836,respectively);7/19 cases (36.8%) had severe foot process lesions in hyperuricemia group,which was significantly higher than that in normal uric acid group [4/31 cases(12.9%)] (x2 =3.934,P =0.047).In hyperuricemia group,tubulointerstitial lesions were found in 9/19 cases (47.4%) of (+) grade and 10/19 cases (52.6%) of (+ +) grade,and 12/31 cases (38.7%) had normal tubulointerstitium in normal uric acid group,(+) and (+ +) grade lesions were also less than those in the hyperuricemia group (x2 =10.694,P =0.005).The mean scores of tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis were significantly higher in hyperuricemia group than that in normal uric acid group(t =2.36,P =0.001).(3) The interval from renal biopsy to final visit was 10.0 months and 10.5 monthsin hyperuricemia group and normal uric acid group respectively (P =0.85).In hyperuricemia group,complete remission was found in 5/19 cases (26.3%),slight abnormality in 10/19 cases (52.6%),severe abnormality in 4/19 cases (21.1%).Howe-ver,in normal uric acid group,complete remission was found in 19/31 cases (61.3 %),10/31 cases (32.3 %) of slight abnormalities and 2/31 cases (6.5%)of severe abnormalities.The non-remission cases in the hyperuricemia group were significantly higher than those in the normal uric acid group (x2 =7.878,P =0.042).Conclusions Urinary protein was higher in children with Henoch-Sch(o)nlein purpura nephritis complicated with hyperuricemia,the pathological of renal tubulointerstitium and glomerulus and the foot process change are more serious than those of patients with normal uric acid.Therefore,hyperuricemia may be used as a risk factor for poor prognosis.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 639-647, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774960

ABSTRACT

Drug-metabolizing enzymes, transporters, and nuclear receptors are essential for the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) of drugs and xenobiotics. MicroRNAs participate in the regulation of ADME gene expression imperfect complementary Watson-Crick base pairings with target transcripts. We have previously reported that Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) and ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2 (ABCG2) are regulated by miR-27b-3p and miR-328-3p, respectively. Here we employed our newly established RNA bioengineering technology to produce bioengineered RNA agents (BERA), namely BERA/miR-27b-3p and BERA/miR-328-3p, fermentation. When introduced into human cells, BERA/miR-27b-3p and BERA/miR-328-3p were selectively processed to target miRNAs and thus knock down and mRNA and their protein levels, respectively, as compared to cells treated with vehicle or control RNA. Consequently, BERA/miR-27b-3p led to a lower midazolam 1'-hydroxylase activity, indicating the reduction of CYP3A4 activity. Likewise, BERA/miR-328-3p treatment elevated the intracellular accumulation of anticancer drug mitoxantrone, a classic substrate of ABCG2, hence sensitized the cells to chemotherapy. The results indicate that biologic miRNA agents made by RNA biotechnology may be applied to research on miRNA functions in the regulation of drug metabolism and disposition that could provide insights into the development of more effective therapies.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802866

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize the treatment and prognosis of children with primary vesicoureteric reflux (PVUR) and the correlation between PVUR and urinary tract infections(UTI).@*Methods@#The children with PVUR (72 cases) who were hospitalized at the Department of Nephrology and Urology of Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from June 2007 to April 2018 were selected, and the clinical manifestations were summarized.@*Results@#A total of 72 patients (52 boys, 20 girls) were involved, and the median age at diagnosis was 8 months, in which 44 cases (61.1%) were less than 1 year old.There were 55 cases with UTI onset (76.4%), 94.5%(52/55 cases) with recurrent UTI(twice or more than twice) and 2 cases (2.8%) ended with renal failure.Refluxes were unilateral in 34 patients and bilateral in 38 patients.There were 110 ureters, in which 74 reflux ureters (67.3%) were identified as low-grade (Ⅰ-Ⅲ) PVUR, and 36 reflux ureters(32.7%) were high-grade (Ⅳ-Ⅴ) PVUR.Forty patients received conservative treatment, and significant differences of the remission rate were observed between group Ⅰ-Ⅱ grade PVUR(72.2%, 13/18 cases) and group Ⅲ-Ⅴ grade PVUR(32.5%, 13/40 cases)(χ2=7.92, P=0.005). Twenty-two patients (35 reflux ureters) underwent surgical treatment, in which 31 ureters were cured, and the remission rate was 88.6%.Ten patients with refluxes grade Ⅲ or above had no improvement after medical treatment, but the reflux was completely relieved after surgical treatment.@*Conclusions@#Children with recurrent UTI, especially less than 1 year-old, should be considered with PVUR.The conservative treatment could be prior for the patients with Ⅰ-Ⅱ grade PVUR.The surgical treatment could be chosen for those patients who suffered from high-grade PVUR, bilateral reflux or failed conservative treatment, especially with recurrent UTI, and reflux nephropathy could be reduced then.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802715

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the relationship of clinical manifestations and pathological characteristics of Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis combined with hyperuricemia in children.@*Methods@#A retrospective study was conducted in 50 children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis who hospitalized at Department of Nephrology, Affiliated Children′s Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2014 to May 2018.The differences between the hyperuricemia group(19 cases)and the normal uric acid group(31 cases), were compared in age, sex, blood pressure, serum albumin, 24-hour urinary protein, serum creatinine, triglyceride, cholesterol, high density lipoprotein, low density lipoprotein, serum uric acid, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and renal pathological characteristics, and the short-term prognosis was analyzed.@*Results@#(1)The average urinary protein in the hyperuricemia group and the normal uric acid group was (91.67±90.37) mg/(kg·d) and (64.62±43.28) mg/(kg·d), respectively and the difference was statistically significant between the both groups(t=2.04, P=0.047); and the morbidity with massive proteinuria in hyperuricemia group and normal uric acid group was 18/19 cases(94.7%)and 17/31 cases(54.8%), respectively and the difference was statistically significant between the both groups(χ2=8.930, P=0.003). (2)In all cases, there were 4 cases of glomerular pathological grade Ⅱ, 43 cases of grade Ⅲ and 3 cases of grade Ⅳ.The pathological grading of hyperuricemia group and normal uric acid group was mainly grade Ⅲ, including 16/19 cases (84.2%) in hyperuricemia group and 27/31 cases (87.1%) in normal uric acid group, 4 cases of grade Ⅱ in normal uric acid group and 3 cases of grade Ⅳ in hyperuricemia group, the pathological grade of hyperuricemia group was relatively severe (χ2=7.358, P=0.025). There was no significant difference about the degree of global sclerosis and mesangial proliferation between hyperuricemia group and normal uric acid group(χ2=2.426, P=0.119, χ2=0.043, P=0.836, respectively); 7/19 cases (36.8%) had severe foot process lesions in hyperuricemia group, which was significantly higher than that in normal uric acid group [4/31 cases(12.9%)](χ2=3.934, P=0.047). In hyperuricemia group, tubulointerstitial lesions were found in 9/19 cases (47.4%) of (+ ) grade and 10/19 cases (52.6%) of (+ + ) grade, and 12/31 cases (38.7%) had normal tubulointerstitium in normal uric acid group, (+ )and (+ + )grade lesions were also less than those in the hyperuricemia group(χ2=10.694, P=0.005). The mean scores of tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis were significantly higher in hyperuricemia group than that in normal uric acid group(t=2.36, P=0.001). (3) The interval from renal biopsy to final visit was 10.0 months and 10.5 monthsin hyperuricemia group and normal uric acid group respectively (P=0.85). In hyperuricemia group, complete remission was found in 5/19 cases (26.3%), slight abnormality in 10/19 cases (52.6%), severe abnormality in 4/19 cases (21.1%). Howe-ver, in normal uric acid group, complete remission was found in 19/31 cases (61.3%), 10/31 cases (32.3%) of slight abnormalities and 2/31 cases (6.5%)of severe abnormalities.The non-remission cases in the hyperuricemia group were significantly higher than those in the normal uric acid group(χ2=7.878, P=0.042).@*Conclusions@#Urinary protein was higher in children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis complicated with hyperuricemia, the pathological of renal tubulointerstitium and glomerulus and the foot process change are more serious than those of patients with normal uric acid.Therefore, hyperuricemia may be used as a risk factor for poor prognosis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 651-656, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810129

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the efficacy and safety of mycophenolate mofetil versus cyclosporine A in treating children with primary refractory nephrotic syndrome.@*Methods@#Conducted a prospective randomized controlled clinical trial in 62 pediatric patients (including 44 boys and 18 girls), age ranged from 2.1 to 17.0 years; 32 cases presented with frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome (FRNS) and 30 cases presented with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS), who were admitted to department of Nephrology, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from October 2013 to October 2015. The patients received either mycophenolate mofetil (20-30)mg/(kg·d) or cyclosporine A (3-5)mg/(kg·d) randomly, on the basis of prednisone treatment. Follow-up interview was conducted regularly for at least one year. Efficacy rate, relapse rate, time required for induction of remission, relapse-free period and prednisone dosage were compared between the two groups.@*Results@#(1) Renal histologic examination, which was available for 17 patients, revealed minimal change disease in 8 patients, mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (MsPGN) in five, membranous nephropathy in two, and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) in two. (2) Comparison of mycophenolate mofetil versus cyclosporine A in children with FRNS: There were 14 patients with FRNS in mycophenolate mofetil group and 18 patients with FRNS in cyclosporine A group respectively. The relapse rate (episodes/year) in cyclosporine A group was lower than that of mycophenolate mofetil group (1.0 (0.0, 1.0) vs. 1.0 (1.0, 3.0), Z=-2.405, P=0.016). The relapse-free period (months) in cyclosporine A group was longer than that of mycophenolate mofetil group (10.0 (5.7, 12.1) vs. 5.0 (1.0, 11.0), Z=-1.984, P=0.047). No significant difference in dosage of prednisone was found between cyclosporine A and mycophenolate mofetil groups when followed up for 1 year. (3) Comparison of mycophenolate mofetil versus cyclosporine A in children with SRNS: The efficacy rate was 6/14 in mycophenolate mofetil group and 13/16 in cyclosporine A group. The complete remission rate was 4/14 in mycophenolate mofetil group and 12/16 in cyclosporine A group (P<0.05). The time (months) required for induction of remission in cyclosporine A group was significantly shorter than that of mycophenolate mofetil group (1.0 (1.0, 2.0) vs. 3.0 (2.5, 4.0), Z=-2.529, P=0.011). No significant differences were found between the two groups with respect to relapse-free period and relapse rate. (4) Except that one patient developed hypertensive encephalopathy in cyclosporine A group, no other serious adverse events were recorded. There were no significant differences between two groups with respect to adverse events.@*Conclusion@#Our results indicated that both mycophenolate mofetil and cyclosporine A were effective in the treatment of children with refractory nephrotic syndrome. Cyclosporine A was superior to mycophenolate mofetil in preventing relapses in patients with FRNS and inducing complete remission in patients with SRNS. Although most patients were able to tolerate mycophenolate mofetil and cyclosporine A, but the toxicity and safety of cyclosporine A should be monitored closely.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699343

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore therapeutic effect of fructose-1, 6-diphosphate (FDP) combined antiviral treatment on pediatric patients with viral myocarditis (VMC). Methods: A total of 118 VMC children were randomly and equally divided into routine treatment group and combined treatment group (received FDP therapy based on routine treatment), both groups were treated for two weeks. Therapeutic effect after treatment, levels of creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), CK isoenzyme MB (CK-MB), α-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (HBDH), heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) before and after treatment were measured and compared between two groups. Results: Total effective rate of combined treatment group was significantly higher than that of routine treatment group (91. 53% vs. 71. 19%, P=0. 005). Compared with before treatment after two-week treatment, there were significant reductions in levels of CK, LDH, CK-MB, HBDH and HR, and significant rise in SV, CO and LVEF in two groups, P<0. 01 all. Compared with routine treatment group after two-week treatment, there were significant reductions in levels of CK [(168. 2±33. 7) U/L vs. (126. 4±30. 4) U/L], LDH [(199. 0±41. 3) U/L vs. (162. 7±47. 1) U/L], CK-MB [(18. 3±6. 4) U/ L vs. (12. 2±6. 6) U/L], and HR [(85. 4±12. 6) times/min vs. (80. 2±12. 3) times/min], and significant rise in SV [(82. 4±13. 4) ml vs. (89. 5±14. 0) ml]and LVEF [(50. 1±8. 5) % vs. (59. 7±8. 8) %]in combined treatment group, P<0. 05 or<0. 01. Conclusion: Fructose-1, 6-diphosphate combined antiviral therapy could significantly improve myocardial enzyme levels, recover cardiac pump function with significant therapeutic effect in VMC pediatric patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696658

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the activation of renin-angiotensin system (RAS),efficiency and safety of Captopril,and the predictor of therapeutic activity for Henoch-Sch(o)nlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) characterized by mild proteinuria.Methods A total of 71 children who were hospitalized in Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from July 2014 to January 2017 were involved,with the diagnosis of HSPN and the characteristic of mild proteinuria.The cases were divided into 2 groups,one as Captopril group,the other as case control group.The patients were followed up for 6 months.Forty healthy children were assigned as healthy control group.Blood pressure,urinary protein excretion,levels of urinary angiotensinogen (AGT) and transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1),and the side effects of Captopril were surveyed.The therapeutic effects of these groups were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier survival curve.Results (1) Clinical characteristics:in the 71 cases,43 cases were male,28 cases were female,aged from 3 years to 14 years and 7 months.A total of 32 cases (45.1%) had manifested with isolated proteinuria,39 cases (54.9%) were with hematuria and proteinuria.The volume of 24 hours' urinary protein was 4.2-23.5 mg/(m2 · h) [median 9.6(7,12) mg/(m2 · h)] at the beginning.(2) The level of urinary AGT:the levels of urinary AGT in the children with HSPN were significantly higher than those of the healthy control group(Z =-3.010,P =0.003).(3) Curative effect:there was no significant difference in age,disease staging,mean arterial pressure(MAP),levels of urinary of proteinuria and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) between the patients with or without Captopril.The proteinuria was relieved in 88.57% cases of Captopril group(35 cases),and the proportion was 80.55% in the case control group(36 cases),and there was no significant difference between the 2 groups.The levels of proteinuria were decreased significantly in the children of Captopfil group 2 months after the enrollment,and there was a statistical significance (Z =2.010,P =0.044).But in the patients of each group,the levels of urinary protein excretion (Z =-2.127,P=0.030;Z=-2.639,P=0.010),TGF-β1(Z=-2.126,P=0.030;Z=-2.058,P=0.040) at theonset were significantly higher in the children with persistent proteinuria compared to those with remission of proteinuria completely,and there was a statistical significance.(4)Side effect:among 35 cases with therapy of Captopril,4 cases (11.42%) were verified to have adverse reaction (hypotension,dry cough and abnormal renal function),with mild symptom.Conclusion The overall prognosis of children of HSPN presenting as mild proteinuria are not improved completely by Captopril.The occurrence of adverse effects for Captopril is seldom and less severe.The level of urinary protein excretion,TGF-31 and AGT at the onset have some relevance with the prognosis of the patients of HSPN.

19.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 595-600, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607113

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Objective To investigate the prevalence,missed diagnosis rate and causes of acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized children,and its impact on hospitalization cost,length of stay and outcome.Methods The data of children admitted in Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from December 1st to 31st 2014 were collected,and those whose serum creatinine (Scr) were measured at least two times were selected.Patients were diagnosed as AKI according to the diagnostic criteria of 2012 Kidney Disease:Improving Global Outcomes,then divided into AKI group and non-AKI group,the former of which was further divided into AKI1 group (Scr peak value in normal range) and AKI2 group (Scr peak value above normal range).The causes and impact of AKI on hospitalization cost,length of stay and outcome in different groups were compared and analyzed.Results (1) Among 921 patients with at least two Scr results,170 patients met with the diagnostic criteria of AKI,including 100 males and 70 females.There were 112(65.9%) in AKI stage 1,43(25.3%) in stage 2,and 15(8.8%) in stage 3.The overall prevalence of AKI was 18.5%.With only 7cases getting diagnosed,the diagnostic rate was 4.1%,while 95.9% of patients missed diagnosis.(2)Among AKI patients,67 cases had pre-renal causes,103 cases had intra-renal causes and mixed factors.100(58.8%) cases got complete recovery,34(20.0%) cases recovered partially and 36(21.2%)cases did not improve,including 4 cases of death.(3) The prevalence of AKI among those below 1-year old was higher than children elder than 1-year (23.0% vs 15.5%,P=0.004).The prevalence of AKI in surgical ward was higher than medical ward (30.7% vs 15.8%,P < 0.001).(4) Compared with those in non-AKI group,there was lower age [1.1(0.2,3.5) year vs 2.0(0.3,4.9) year] and higher hospitalization time[12.5(8.0,20.0) d vs 8.0(6.0,11.0) d],hospitalization costs [25 279.2(13 822.8,48 856.7) yuan vs 12 616.9(8680.1,19 345.1) yuan] and mortality (2.4% vs 0.3%) in AKI group (all P < 0.05).(5) There were 126 cases in AKL group and 44 cases in AKI2 group.The costs of hospitalization,outcome and mortality showed no difference between two groups (all P > 0.05).The hospitalization time in AKI2 group was shorter than that in AKL group (P=0.038).Conclusions Among hospitalized children the missed diagnosis rate of AKI is high.Pre-renal factor is the main cause of AKI.Children younger than 1-year old are more susceptible to AKI.AKI children have lower age and higher hospitalization time,hospitalization costs and mortality than non-AKI children.The effect of Scr fluctuation within normal levels needs to be further studied.

20.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1435-1436, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621150

ABSTRACT

Objective: To reveal the harm seriousness of bug bites induced rhabdomyolysis complicated with acute renal failure to human body and provide case evidence for clinical workers to improve the understanding and treatment level of insect bites related diseases.Methods: The clinical diagnosis and treatment of one case of insect bites induced rhabdomyolysis complicated with acute renal failure was tracked, and the individualized diagnosis and treatment were performed and summarized according to the clinical symptoms and the conditions of the patient.Results: All the indicators of the patient returned to normal with satisfactory curative effect and promising prognosis.Conclusion: The treatment of rhabdomyolysis complicated with acute renal failure needs quick identification and reversible factors correction, which are beneficial to the improvement of organ function and prognosis.

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