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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3349-3353, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999080

ABSTRACT

Natural products are an important source for the development of antitumor lead compounds, but the pharmacological effects and regulatory mechanisms of natural products in osimertinib resistance in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are not well understood. The natural product ligustroflavone was used as the research object to analyze its efficacy in osimertinib-resistant NSCLC cells by cell proliferation assay and cell cycle detection. The potential targets of ligustroflavone in osimertinib-resistant NSCLC cells were screened by public databases and bioinformatics, molecular docking and microscale thermophoresis were used to identify the interaction between privet and target molecules. Western blot was used to detect the effect of privet on the target molecules and their downstream pathways. Ligustroflavone reduced the proliferation of osimertinib-resistant NSCLC cells, and could arrest the cell cycle. Cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6) was the potential target of ligustroflavone in osimertinib-resistant NSCLC cells. Ligustroflavone inhibited the activation of CDK6-Rb axis. Together, ligustroflavone could regulate osimertinib resistance in NSCLC cells by binding cell cyclin-related molecules. This study provides a theoretical basis for the targeted drug resistance of NSCLC with natural products, and also provides a new idea for the development of clinical drug combination.

2.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 286-294, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872413

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of DZWJY-1 type electronic moxibustion apparatus and traditional moxibustion in treating knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Methods: A total of 76 eligible patients were randomized into an electronic moxibustion apparatus group and a traditional moxibustion group, with 38 cases in each group. The electronic moxibustion apparatus group was intervened by DZWJY-1 type electronic moxibustion apparatus, and the traditional moxibustion group received moxa stick moxibustion for treatment. Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Dubi (ST 35), Xuehai (SP 10) and Liangqiu (ST 34) were selected for both groups and the treatment was conducted 3 times a week for a total of 12 times. The visual analog scale (VAS) and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) scores were observed before treatment and after 6 and 12 sessions of treatment, respectively. Results: There were 4 dropout cases in the traditional moxibustion group. Therefore, this trial had 72 valid cases, including 38 cases in the electronic moxibustion apparatus group and 34 cases in the traditional moxibustion group, the differences in the baseline data between the two groups were statistically insignificant (P>0.05). After 6 and 12 sessions of treatment, the VAS scores decreased significantly with the increase of treatment sessions in both groups (all P<0.01), and the betweengroup differences were statistically insignificant at the same time points (both P>0.05). The pain intensity was evaluated using the weighted value of VAS score. The markedly effective rate was 47.4% and the total effective rate was 89.5% in the electronic moxibustion apparatus group, versus 50.0% and 94.1% in the traditional moxibustion group, and the betweengroup differences were statistically insignificant (both P>0.05). After 6 and 12 sessions of treatment, the total score and the component scores including pain, stiffness and difficulty moving in the WOMAC decreased significantly with the increase of treatment sessions in both groups (all P<0.01), and the between-group differences were statistically insignificant (all P>0.05). Conclusion: Electronic moxibustion apparatus and traditional moxibustion both are effective in reducing joint pain and improving joint function in KOA patients, and they are equivalent comparing the clinical efficacy.

3.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 217-220, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843784

ABSTRACT

Depression disorder is a kind of serious mental illness which poses high health risks and heavy financial burden to individuals and the society. Currently, there are many theories on the pathogenesis of depression disorder, such as neurotransmitter disorders, endocrine disorders, abnormal neuronal adaptability and plasticity, oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction and so on. In the lately decade, the research of immune dysfunction in the pathogenesis of depression has become a newly hot-point. This review summarizes NLRP3 inflammasome in the pathogenesis of depression disorder.

4.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 217-220, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695644

ABSTRACT

Depression disorder is a kind of serious mental illness which poses high health risks and heavy financial burden to individuals and the society.Currently,there are many theories on the pathogenesis of depression disorder,such as neurotransmitter disorders,endocrine disorders,abnormal neuronal adaptability and plasticity,oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction and so on.In the lately decade,the research of immune dysfunction in the pathogenesis of depression has become a newly hot-point.This review summarizes NLRP3 inflammasome in the pathogenesis of depression disorder.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 459-462, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616421

ABSTRACT

There are some problems in the teaching of medical physics course,such as low learning initiative,deficient grasp of concept,and obstacles to realize the internalization and practical application of knowledge.The PAD (presentation-assimilation-discussion) class is applied in the course,in order to improve the students' learning state.PAD class is a teaching mode proposed from a psychological point,which advocates that teaching is the first before students start to learn and has an equal treatment on students' discussions and teachers' instruction,supporting independent learning.The teaching measures include:selecting course content to reach the balance between simplification and detailed interpretation;assigning open homework based on the course;dividing the class discussion into four steps;assessing students based on the performances of homework and final examinations.The research has shown that the PAD class facilitates improving the students' initiative of study and promoting the absorption and application of knowledge.

6.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E050-E055, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804411

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a 3D finite element model of an anti-shearing force Ni-Ti memory shape alloy patella claw for fixing patellar fracture, and analyze its mechanical performance. Methods The internal fixation model of transverse patellar fracture by patella claw was established by Pro/E 5.0, and then imported it into ABAQUS 10.1 for finite element analysis on its mechanical properties. The mechanical performance and deformation of the patella claw under two different patella femoral joint forces FQ at the knee flexion angle of 30°, 60°, 90° were analyzed, respectively. Results Under the same boundary condition, with the respective FQ as 367.5 N and 3 675 N, the maximum displacements of deformation were different at different flexion angles. As compared to fixation by tension band, using patella claw was preferable, with stronger resistance to tension and more stable anti-shearing force. Conclusions Deformation and displacement of the patella claw are in accordance with the biomechanical results needed in clinic, and its stability can satisfy clinical requirements for functional exercise as early as possible.

7.
Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University ; (12): 708-710, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-838959

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of supervising-nurse in self-protection of medical staffs treating patients with Ebola virus disease in Liberia. Methods Based on the Standard Procedure of Personal Protection, we designed a Chinese- English bilingual Inspection Table for putting on personal protective equipment (PPE) for Chinese People) Liberation Army medical team to Liberia and another one for takingoff PPE. The supervising-nurse gave supervising tips and psychologically positive implications to all medical staffs working in the observing room and treatment ward. Nurses also recorded and summarized the problems and mental status which have been prevented and stopped, and the efficacy of the supervision was evaluated. Results From Jan. 16, 2015 to Mar. 19, 2015, about 3 000 person-times and 126 000 supervision items for the Chinese and Liberia staffs working in the observing room and treatment ward were involved. A total of 1 532 potential problems were prevented by supervising-nurse. Conclusion A supervising-nurse can effectively ensure the self-protection of medical staffs involved in the frontline treatment of patients with Ebola virus disease, guaranteeing the “zero infection” of medical staffs.

8.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 56-60, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463426

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare clinical outcome and adverse reactions between the regimens SOX and XELOX for chemotherapy of advanced gastric carcinoma in Chinese population.Methods The original articles on randomized controlled trials ( RCTs) comparing the chemotherapy of SOX and XELOX in Chinese patients with advanced gastric carcinoma were recruited from the PUBMED, WANFANG, VIP and CNKI databases.The quality of the selected trials were assessed by JADAD method.Meta-analysis about the efficacy and safety of the two chemotherapy methods was performed by Rev Man 5.2.0 software ( Cochrane-information Management System) .Results Eight RCT studies were recruited in our work, including 293 patients in the SOX treatment group and 310 in the XELOX treatment group.The analysis results showed that there was no significant difference in the effect of the two chemotherapy methods (OR=1.19, 95%CI:0.86-1.64,P=0.29), and referred to the safety evaluation, the stomatitis (OR=2.29, 95%CI:1.74-4.89, P<0.0001) incidence in SOX treatment group was higher than XELOX treatment group, and in total, there was no significant difference in adverse reaction incidence of the two chemotherapy methods(OR =0.88, 95%CI: 0.66-1.19, P =0.41).Conclusion In the chemotherapy of advanced gastric carcinoma in Chinese population, there is no significant difference in clinical response rate between SOX and XELOX, and the stomatitis incidence of SOX is significantly higher than that of XELOX.

9.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E292-E298, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804387

ABSTRACT

Focal adhesion plaques (FAPs) are multi-protein aggregates,which act as physical connections between extracellular matrix and cytoskeleton (CSK). FAPs and CSK play important roles in the conversion of mechanical signals into intracellular chemical signals followed by physiological and pathological responses. With focus on FAPs-CSK system, this review summarized the process of fluid shear stress-induced mechanotransduction and the roles of FAPs and CSK in this process in detail, introduced important proteins in FAPs, discussed the relationship between FAPs and other mechanotransduction pathways. The review established the theoretical foundation for understanding of the relationship between fluid shear stress and shear stress-related diseases, as well as development of clinical drug and treatment of these diseases.

10.
Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University ; (12): 954-959, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-839814

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the therapeutic effects of glycolic acid-ethylcellulose microspheres infused via hepatic artery on hepatocarcinoma in rabbits. Methods Thirty New Zealand white rabbits were implanted with VX2 liver tumor and received CT examination after 13 days. The tumor volumes were calculated; the tumors were numbered according to volume and were divided into 3 groups by random number table. 3 F catheters were inserted via right femoral artery to hepatic artery in all animals; the nutrition arteries of the tumor were observed by injecting contrast media; and then therapeutic agents were given through the catheter. Group A (n=10) was given glycolic acid-ethylcellulose microspheres (0.023 g/1 ml), Group B (n=10) was given lipiodol (1 ml), and Group C (n=10) was given normal saline (1 ml). The liver function and tumor growth were observed before and after treatment; the pathological changes of tumor tissues and the survival of rabbits were observed with 5 randomly selected animals in each group. Results The liver function and the tumor volumes were not significantly different among groups. One week after treatment, AST and ALT levels were significantly higher in Group A and B compared with those in Group C (P<0.05). CT results showed that the tumor growth rates in group A and B were significantly smaller than that in Group C (P<0.01), and that in group A was significantly smaller than that in Group B(P<0.01). Pathological examination showed greatly thickened tumor fibrous capsule and large necrotic area in tumors in Group A and B, with loosely arranged tumor cells, pyknosis and greatly decreased pathologic mitosis. VEGF expression and proliferation activity in Group A were weaker than those in Group B. Compared with Group B and C, animals in Group A had a significantly longer survival time compared with group B and C(P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion Transcatheter infusion of glycolic acid-ethylcellulose microspheres is a safe and effective chemoembolization agent for treatment of rabbit hepatic tumors.

11.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 150-155, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257862

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the homing and differentiation of marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) transplanted intravenously in smoke inhalation injured rabbits.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-two New Zealand big ear rabbits were divided into normal control group (NC), inhalation injury group (II), normal control + MSC treatment group (NM), and MSC treatment group (MT) according to the random number table, with 8 rabbits in each group. Rabbits in NC group were injected with 10 mL phosphate buffered saline (PBS) via ear marginal vein. Rabbits in NM group were injected with 10 mL PBS containing the third generation MSC labeled by BrdU (1 × 10(7) per 10 mL PBS) via ear marginal vein. Severe smoke inhalation injury model was reproduced in the other two groups, among them rabbits in II group were treated as rabbits in NC group, rabbits in MT group treated as rabbits in NM group. On the 7th and 28th day post treatment (PTD), lung tissue and trachea tissue were harvested from four groups for observation on injury with HE staining. Homing of MSC in injured tissue was observed with immunohistochemistry staining. The differentiation of MSC into functional cells was observed with immunohistochemical double staining of combining nuclear marker BrdU with lung (trachea) membrane-specific marker aquaporin-5 (AQP-5), alkaline phosphatase (AKP), CD34, and cytokeratin respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) MSC homing in lung and trachea tissue was observed in MT group on PTD 7, which was not observed in NM group. (2) AQP-5, AKP, and CD34 positive MSC were observed in lung tissue in MT group on PTD 28, while cytokeratin positive MSC was not observed in trachea tissue. No positively marked MSC was observed in NM group. (3) Injury in lung and trachea was less severe in MT group than in II group; and the proliferation of fibroblasts was less in MT group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Intravenous injection of MSC to rabbits with smoke inhalation injury can migrate to lung and trachea tissue at obviously inflammatory site, and differentiate into alveolar epithelial cells typeI and II, and pulmonary vascular endothelial cells, which may participate in the process of tissue repair in smoke inhalation injury.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Epithelial Cells , Cell Biology , Lung , Cell Biology , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Pulmonary Alveoli , Cell Biology , Smoke Inhalation Injury , Pathology , Trachea , Cell Biology
12.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 360-365, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305584

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) transplantation on the major inflammatory cytokines content in peripheral blood, lung water mass fraction, and lung tissue injury in rabbits with smoke inhalation injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixteen adult New Zealand big ear rabbits were subjected to smoke inhalation injury and then were divided into pure injury group (PI, n = 8) and MSC transplantation group (MT, n = 8) according to the random number table. Via ear marginal vein, rabbits in PI group were injected with 10 mL phosphate buffered saline (PBS); rabbits in MT group were injected with 10 mL PBS containing the third passage MSC (1 x 10⁷ cell) isolated from marrow of healthy young New Zealand big ear rabbit. Another 8 rabbits were enrolled as normal control group (NC). Rabbits in NC group were injected with 10 mL PBS via ear marginal vein without smoke inhalation injury. Blood was harvested from rabbits in PI and MT groups at post injury hour (PIH) 2, 4, 6. Contents of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-10 in serum were determined with ELISA. At PIH 24, left lung was harvested for morphology and histopathology observation; the right lung tissue was obtained to measure and calculate lung water mass fraction. Blood and lung tissue of rabbits in NC group were harvested and determined in the same way. Data were processed with t test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Serum contents of TNF-α in PI and MT groups at each time point were obviously higher than that in NC group (t = 2.43 - 9.57, P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Serum contents of IL-1β and IL-6 in PI group at each time point were obviously higher than those in NC group (t = 8.49 - 19.80, P values all below 0.01). Serum content of IL-1β in MT group at each time point was close to that in NC group (t = 0.11 - 0.92, P values all above 0.05). Serum content of IL-6 in MT group at PIH 2 was close to that in NC group (t = 2.12, P > 0.05), but that of MT group increased significantly at PIH 4 and 6 (t = 2.83, P values all below 0.05). Serum contents of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 in MT group at each time point were obviously lower than those in PI group (t = 2.35 - 12.45, P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). (2) Serum content of IL-10 in MT group at PIH 2, 4, and 6 was respectively (13.0 ± 3.6), (11.6 ± 8.5), (15.2 ± 4.4) pg/mL, and they were higher than those in PI group [(5.5 ± 3.4), (5.0 ± 1.7), (7.9 ± 3.5) pg/mL, with t value respectively 4.28, 2.15, 3.67, P values all below 0.01]. Serum contents of IL-10 in PI and MT groups were obviously higher than that in NC group (t = 2.46-8.14, P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). (3) Lung tissue injury in MT group was alleviated markedly as compared with that in PI group. (4) At PIH 24, lung water mass fraction in MT group was (69 ± 7)%, which was obviously lower than that in PI group [(87 ± 6)%, t = 5.49, P < 0.01]. Compared with that in NC group [(48 ± 3)%], lung water mass fraction in PI and MT groups were increased obviously (with t value respectively 16.93 and 7.22, P values all below 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MSC transplantation can decrease pro-inflammatory cytokines, increase anti-inflammatory cytokines, decrease lung water mass fraction, ameliorate systemic inflammatory response, and protect lung tissue in rabbits with smoke inhalation injury.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Inflammation , Interleukin-10 , Blood , Interleukin-6 , Blood , Lung Injury , Blood , General Surgery , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Smoke Inhalation Injury , Blood , General Surgery , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood
13.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 272-275, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642818

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of sodium fluoride on DNA damage and apoptosis on ox peripheral blood lymphocyte cultured in vitro.Methods Using lymphoeytes separation medium lymphocytes were separated and different concentration of NaF(0,4,8,12,16 mg/L)were added into the cultual system of lymphocytes for 24 h.Cell viability was measured by MTT.nuclear changes stained by acridine orange-ethidium bromine staining (AO/EB)were observed under fluoroscope,DNA fragment was measured by agarose gel electrophoresis.DNA damage was detected by alkaline SCGE.The differences between each groups were compared.Results Cells were exposed to 4,8,16 and 24 mg/L NaF in 24 h,cell survival rates,respectively being(73.743±0.552)%,(69.184±0.724)%,(65.736±0.055)%and(63.651±0.287)%,decreased significantly compared to control group.There were distinctive cell apoptosis,evident DNA damage and visible dose-effect relation(R2=0.7456).Conclusions A certain concentration of sodium fluoride lcads to lymphocytes apoptosis and DNA damage.

14.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 406-408, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347666

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of glutamine enriched enteral feeding on immunoregulation in burn patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty burn patients were randomly divided into enteral nutrition (EN) group and enteral immune nutrition (EIN) group, with 12 patients in each group. Patients in EN group received a standard enteral formula, while those in EIN group received an enteral formula enriched with glutamine after hospital admission. Nutritional support was continued for 10 days. Blood samples were obtained to determine plasma level of total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), prealbumin (PAB) and transferrin (TF) at 1, 4, 7, 10 post-burn days (PBD). At the same time the concentration of immunoglobulin (IgA, IgG and IgM) were determined, the percentage of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ subpopulations of T lymphocytes, and the ratio of CD4+/CD8+ were determined by FCM.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) There were no obvious difference of the plasma level of TP, ALB, TF, CD3+, IgM between the two groups at each time-point (P > 0.05). (2) The plasma PAB contents in EIN group were significant higher than that in EN group on 4 PBD [(90 +/- 14 vs 60 +/- 15) mg/L, P < 0.05], 7 PBD [(92 +/- 16 vs 64 +/- 13) mg/L, P < 0.05] and 10 PBD [(106 +/- 21 vs 72 +/-16) mg/L, P < 0.05]. (3) The percentage of CD4+ subpopulation and ratio of CD4+/CD8+ in EIN group were obviously higher than those in EN group on 7 PBD [CD4+ (55 +/- 5 vs 45 +/- 5)%, CD4+/CD8+ (1.92 +/- 0.31 vs 1.53 +/- 0.27)%, P < 0.05] and 10 PBD [CD4+ (56 +/- 5 vs 49 +/- 5)%, CD4+/CD8+ (2.36 +/- 0.36 vs 1.72 +/- 0.42), P < 0.05]. (4) The concentration of IgA and IgG in EIN group were markedly higher than that in EN group on 7 PBD [IgA (2.8 +/- 0.6 vs 2.2 +/- 0.5) g/L, IgG (12.1 +/- 1.3 vs 9.8 +/- 1.2) g/L, P < 0.05] and 10 PBD [IgA (3.1 +/- 0.6 vs 2.5 +/- 0.5) g/L, IgG (14.2 +/- 1.3 vs 10.4 +/- 1.3) g/L, P < 0.05].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These findings suggest that glutamine enriched enteral feeding can improve nutritional status by promoting the synthesis of IgA, IgG, and increasing the PAB concentration, and corrected immunologic dysfunction in burn patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Burns , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Enteral Nutrition , Glutamine , Therapeutic Uses , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Prealbumin , Metabolism , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Allergy and Immunology
15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-623564

ABSTRACT

Medical electronics has become an elective or the compulsory course in medical colleges,but the teaching condition has restricted the quality of teaching,so the educational reform is imperative.This article analyzed the medical electronics teaching actuality,and then according to their own teaching reform practice,put forward the future direction of the teaching reform on medical electronics —— strengthening teachers training and improving teaching condition.

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