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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928995

ABSTRACT

High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a non-histone nuclear protein in most eukaryocytes. Inside the nucleus, HMGB1 plays an important role in several DNA events such as DNA repair, transcription, telomere maintenance, and genome stability. While outside the nucleus, it fulfils more complicated functions, including promoting cell proliferation, inflammation, angiogenesis, immune tolerance and immune escape, which may play a pro-tumoral role.Meanwhile, HMGB1 acts as an anti-tumoral protein by regulating immune cell recruitment and inducing immunogenic cell death (ICD) during the carcinogenesis process. Therefore, abnormal expression of HMGB1 is associated with oncogenesis, development, and metastasis of cancer, which may play a dual role of pro-tumor and anti-tumor.


Subject(s)
Carcinogenesis , Cell Proliferation , HMGB1 Protein/metabolism , Humans , Neoplasms/pathology , Neovascularization, Pathologic
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940945

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the spatial-temporal distribution characteristics of Oncomelania hupensis snails in Anhui Province from 2011 to 2020, to provide insights into precision control of O. hupensis snails in Anhui Province.@*METHODS@#O. hupensis snail distribution data were collected in Anhui Province from 2011 to 2020 and descriptively analyzed, including actual area of snail habitats, area of emerging snail habitats and area of Schistosoma japonicum-infected snails. The actual area of snail habitats and area of emerging snail habitats were subjected to spatial autocorrelation analysis, hotspot analysis, standard deviation ellipse analysis and space-time scanning analysis, and the clusters of snail distribution and settings at high risk of snail spread were identified in Anhui Province from 2011 to 2020.@*RESULTS@#The actual area of snail habitats gradually decreased in Anhui Province from 2011 to 2020. The actual area of snail habitats were 26 238.85 hm2 in Anhui Province in 2020, which were mainly distributed in marshland and lake regions. There was a large fluctuation in the area of emerging snail habitats in Anhui Province during the period from 2011 to 2020, with the largest area seen in 2016 (1 287.65 hm2), and 1.96 hm2 emerging infected snail habitats were detected in Guichi District, Chizhou City in 2020. Spatial autocorrelation and hotspot analyses showed spatial clusters in the distribution of actual areas of snail habitats in Anhui Province from 2011 to 2020 (Z = 3.00 to 3.43, all P values < 0.01), and the hotspots were mainly concentrated in the marshland and lake regions and distributed along the south side of the Yangtze River, while the cold spots were mainly concentrated in the mountainous regions of southern Anhui Province. There were no overall spatial clusters in the distribution of areas of emerging snail habitats (Z = -2.20 to 1.71, all P values > 0.05), and a scattered distribution was found in local regions. Standard deviation ellipse analysis showed relatively stable distributions of the actual areas of snail habitats in Anhui Province from 2011 to 2020, which was consistent with the flow direction of the Yangtze River, and the focus of the distribution of areas of emerging snail habitats shifted from the lower reaches to upper reaches of Anhui section of the Yangtze River. Space-time scanning analysis identified two high-value clusters in the distribution of actual areas of snail habitats in lower and middle reaches of Anhui section of the Yangtze River from 2011 to 2020, and two high-value clusters in the distribution of areas of emerging snail habitats were identified in mountainous and hilly regions.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There were spatial clusters in the distribution of O. hupensis snails in Anhui Province from 2011 to 2020, which appeared a tendency of aggregation towards the south side and upper reaches of the Yangtze River; however, the spread of O. hupensis snails could not be neglected in mountainous and hilly regions. Monitoring of emerging snail habitats should be reinforced in mountainous and hilly regions and along the Yangtze River basin.


Subject(s)
Animals , China/epidemiology , Ecosystem , Gastropoda , Lakes , Rivers , Schistosoma japonicum
3.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 373-377, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936021

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the application effects of feedforward control theory in the rollover bed treatment of mass patients with burn-explosion combined injury. Methods: A retrospective observational research was conducted. From June 13 to 14, 2020, 15 patients with severe burn-explosion combined injury caused by liquefied natural gas tank car explosion and conforming to the inclusion criteria were admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine. There were 13 males and 2 females, aged 33-92 (66±17) years. All the patients were treated with rollover bed from 48 h post admission, and the feedforward control theory was introduced, including establishing a special feedforward control management team for rollover bed, clarifying the duties of the medical staff in the rollover bed treatment of patients, implementing the cooperation strategy of multidisciplinary physician, training and examining for 80 nurses in the temporarily organized nurse team in the form of "rollover bed workshop", and formulating the checklist and valuation list of rollover bed treatment for continuous quality control. The frequency and the total number of turning over, and successful rate of one-time posture change with the rollover bed of patients within 30 days of admission were recorded, the occurrences of adverse events caused by improper operation for the rollover bed during the treatment were observed, including respiratory and cardiac arrests, treatment interruption, unplanned extubation, bed falling, and skin graft displacement. The lowest levels of arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) and arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2), the number of patients with oxygenation index>300 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), and the occurrence of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) of patients within 2 days of admission and on the 30th day of admission were recorded. Results: Within 30 days of admission, the patients were turned over with the rollover bed for 2 to 6 times each day, with a total of 1 320 turning over operations, the successful rate of one-time posture change reached 99.9% (1 319/1 320), and no adverse event occurred. Within 2 days of admission, the lowest levels of PaO2 and PaCO2 of the patients were (100±19) and (42±4) mmHg, respectively, and the number of patients with mild, moderate, and severe ARDS were 10, 2, and 3, respectively, and none of the patients had oxygenation index>300 mmHg. On the 30th day of admission, the lowest levels of PaO2 and PaCO2 of the patients were (135±28) and (37±8) mmHg, respectively, 3 patients developed moderate ARDS, 1 patient developed severe ARDS, and 11 patients had oxygenation index>300 mmHg. Conclusions: The introduction of feedforward control theory in the treatment of rollover bed of mass patients with burn-explosion combined injury can ensure safe and successful completion of turning over with the rollover bed, promote the repair of burn wound, and improve respiratory function, and therefore improve the treatment quality of patients.


Subject(s)
Blood Gas Analysis , Burns/therapy , Explosions , Female , Humans , Male , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Retrospective Studies
4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 503-508, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935418

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the situation and influencing factors of school meals leftover among primary and secondary school students in the area of the Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students, improve the quality of school meals, develop healthy dietary behavior, and reduce food waste. Methods: In 2019, among the 50 monitoring counties that implemented the Compulsory Education Student Nutrition Improvement Program, two primary schools and two junior schools were randomly selected according to different food supply patterns.This study randomly selected one or two classes from grade 3 to grade 9. Basic information and school meals of 26 778 students were collected by using a student questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of leftovers rate. Results: 54.93% (14 709) of students wasted school meals, in which the highest rate was the staple food, with the main reason as "not in favor". 11.87% (1 743) of the students wasted school meals 6-7 days a week, with 54.20% (7 957) of students wasted but in less amount. The leftover rate of staple food was the highest (29.78%), followed by vegetables and meat. The main reason of leftovers was that they didn't like this kind of food (33.52%). The rate of school meal waste was higher for girls (OR=1.19,95%CI:1.13-1.25), junior high school students (OR=1.17, 95%CI: 1.11-1.25), resident students (OR=1.06, 95%CI: 1.00-1.12), lower economic level (OR=1.06, 95%CI: 1.00-1.12), parents working outside their houses (OR=1.22, 95%CI: 1.13-1.30), health education classes (OR=1.70, 95%CI: 1.40-2.06), company-based meals (OR=1.89, 95%CI: 1.71-2.07) and school meals were not as good as home food(OR=1.89, 95%CI: 1.78-2.00)(P<0.05). Conclusions: It is common for poor rural primary and middle school students in central and western China to waste school meals, and the reasons were affected by many factors. Reducing food waste requires the joint efforts of individuals, families, schools and society.


Subject(s)
Female , Food Services , Humans , Meals , Refuse Disposal , Schools , Students
5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 496-502, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935417

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze anemia prevalence and its influencing factors of students involved in the Nutritional Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students in 2019. Methods: From the 2019 surveillance system of the Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students, 47 297 primary and middle school students aged 6-17 were included in the study. Hemoglobin level was tested according to the criteria of WHO 2011. Anemia prevalence of different genders, ages, and regions was analyzed. Results: The average hemoglobin level was 135.19 g/L, with the prevalence of anemia as 8.7% in the children aged 6-17. The prevalence of anemia was 10.0% in girls, higher than that in boys (7.4%). The prevalence rates in western and central areas were 9.8% and 7.1%, respectively. From northwest, southwest, central and south, east, north to northeast areas of China, the anemia rate appeared gradually decreasing (10.2%, 9.7%, 8.3%, 7.5%, 5.7% and 3.5%). The anemia prevalence rates were 8.0%, 8.3%, and 10.9% in children from the 6-, 11-, and 14-17 years age groups, respectively. Logistic regression models revealed that students from schools not using catering software (OR=1.482, 95%CI:1.296-1.694,P<0.001), schools not serving lunch (OR=1.241, 95%CI:1.103-1.395,P<0.001), and from relatively low-income families (OR=1.297, 95%CI:1.211-1.389, P<0.001) showed as risk factors for anemia. After supplementing students' dietary factors, the results showed that students who ate meat three or more times a week had a lower risk of anemia (OR=0.907, 95%CI:0.832-0.989, P=0.026). Conclusions: The Nutritional Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students had an essential impact on improving the anemia prevalence of primary and middle school students. Family income, school location, economic factors, school feeding, and students' diet programs all impacted the prevalence of anemia.


Subject(s)
Anemia/epidemiology , Child , China/epidemiology , Female , Hemoglobins , Humans , Male , Prevalence , Rural Population , Students
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 488-495, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935416

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the growth retardation among primary and secondary school students in areas covered by the Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students and its influencing factors to provide evidence for improving the nutrition status of rural students in China. Methods: The multi-stage cluster random sampling method selected 1 550 969 primary and secondary school students aged 6-15 years from China's central and western regions. The ratio of male and female students was balanced. The height was measured, and the growth retardation of students was determined according to the Screening Criteria for School-age Children and Adolescents malnutrition (WS/T 456-2014), from the school and county questionnaire survey related factors. The number of cases and percentages described the growth retardation of students, and the χ2 test was used for comparison between groups. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze students' growth retardation factors. Results: In 2019, the growth retardation rate of primary and secondary school students in areas covered by the Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students was 5.7% (88 631/1 550 969), the growth retardation rate in the western part (7.1%, 66 167/927 954) was higher than that in the central part (3.7%,19 511/533 973) with difference statistically significant (P<0.001). The growth retardation rate of the boys (6.3%,50 665/803 851) were higher than that of girls (5.1%, 37 966/747 118), the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). The growth retardation rate of primary school students in central China was 3.9%(14 914/380 598), higher than that of junior middle school students (3.0%,4 597/153 375, P<0.001). In contrast, the growth retardation rate of the western junior high school students (7.2%, 21 494/297 217) were higher than that of elementary school students (7.1%, 44 673/630 737), with a difference statistically significant (all P=0.009). Multi-factor logistic regression results showed that, in high income area (OR=0.829, 95%CI: 0.816-0.842, P<0.001), parents providing part of the meal cost (OR=0.948, 95%CI: 0.931-0.965, P<0.001), enterprises providing meals (OR=0.845, 95%CI: 0.805-0.887, P<0.001), schools providing milk (OR=0.780, 95%CI: 0.767-0.793, P<0.001), health education courses (OR=0.702, 95%CI: 0.682-0.723, P<0.001) and other local nutrition improvement efforts (OR=0.739, 95%CI: 0.720-0.758, P<0.001) were negatively correlated with the occurrence of growth retardation, The growth retardation rate of the students was lower. Conclusions: There appeared significant regional, gender, and age differences in the growth retardation rate of primary and middle school students in areas covered by the Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students. Appropriate food supply in schools, health education courses, and parental participation in nutritional improvement was related to children's lower growth retardation rate.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , China/epidemiology , Female , Growth Disorders , Humans , Male , Nutritional Status , Rural Population , Schools , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935339

ABSTRACT

Epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis (meningococcal meningitis) is an acute respiratory infectious disease with high mortality and serious sequelae. Meningococcal vaccine is an effective measure to prevent and control meningococcal meningitis. At present, group B meningococcal meningitis has become the main prevalent serum group in the world, including China. Meningococcal ACYW and other vaccines are mainly composed of capsular polysaccharides, while the main component of group B meningococcal vaccine is protein, including outer membrane vesicles (OMV) and recombinant protein vaccine. The methods for evaluating the immunogenicity of group B meningococcal vaccine include hSBA and alternative methods such as meningococcal antigen typing system (MATS), flow cytometric meningococcal antigen surface expression assay (MEASURE), genetic meningococcal antigen typing system (gMATS) and bexsero antigen sequence type (BAST). The evaluation of vaccine immunogenicity is the basis of vaccine development and clinical trial research, However, at present, there is no group B meningococcal vaccine in China. Therefore, in this paper, the research progress of immunogenicity evaluation of group B meningococcal vaccine has been reviewed, in order to provide technical guidance for the research and development of group B meningococcal vaccine, immunogenicity evaluation and clinical trial research in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Meningitis, Meningococcal/prevention & control , Meningococcal Vaccines , Neisseria meningitidis , Serogroup , Vaccines, Combined
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931827

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association between levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) on admission and prognosis of patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU).Methods:The data were collected from patients who were admitted to the ICU of the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in the United States from 2001 to 2012 with available TSH test records within 24 hours after the ICU admission via the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care-Ⅲv1.4 (MIMIC-Ⅲv1.4). Information including gender, age, ethnicity, type of admission, mechanical ventilation (MV) or renal replacement therapy (RRT) received on admission, comorbidities, and TSH test records within 24 hours after the ICU admission were collected. The sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, simplified acute physiology score Ⅱ (SAPS Ⅱ) and the comorbidities index Elixhauser (SID30) score were calculated according to the parameters. The primary outcome was hospital mortality. Differences in baseline characteristics and prognosis were examined between patients with normal TSH levels and abnormal TSH levels which was determined according to a dichotomous variable provided by the data. Multivariable Logistic regression was used to analyze the association between TSH levels and prognosis after adjusting for confounding factors. A sensitivity analysis was conducted which categorized the study population as three groups (i.e., decreased, normal, and elevated TSH levels) using the range of 0.30-3.00 mU/L as the normal range of TSH.Results:A total of 3 425 ICU patients were enrolled in the study, of which 2 692 (78.60%) were with normal TSH and 733 (21.40%) were with abnormal TSH. There was no statistically significant difference in gender, age, ethnicity, type of admission and the ratio of MV between the normal TSH and abnormal TSH groups. Compared with normal TSH group, the patients in abnormal TSH had a higher SOFA, SAPS Ⅱ and SID30 scores as well as the ratio of RRT [SOFA score: 4 (2, 7) vs. 4 (2, 6), SAPS Ⅱ score: 38.02±13.76 vs. 36.53±13.75, SID30 score: 11 (4, 22) vs. 11 (0, 20), RRT ratio: 5.32% (39/733) vs. 3.49% (94/2 692), all P < 0.05]. The hospital mortality of patients in normal TSH was significantly higher than that of those in abnormal TSH [9.82% (72/733) vs. 5.94% (160/2 692), P < 0.01]. After adjusting for confounding factors, abnormal TSH was significantly associated with hospital mortality [odds ratio ( OR) = 1.71, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.24-2.35, P = 0.001]. In the sensitivity analysis in which the range of 0.30-3.00 mU/L was used as the normal range of TSH, compared with normal TSH, decreased TSH ( OR = 2.36, 95% CI was 1.40-3.97, P = 0.001) and elevated TSH ( OR = 1.44, 95% CI was 1.05-1.98, P = 0.023) were both significantly associated with increased hospital mortality. Conclusion:An abnormal level of TSH within 24 hours after admitted to ICU is an independent risk factor for hospital mortality among ICU patients.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930406

ABSTRACT

Clinical data of a case of Epstein-Barr virus-associated smooth muscle tumor with non-human immunodeficiency virus/transplantation admitted in the Department of Nephrology and Rheumatology, Hunan Children′s Hospital in May 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.The 6 years and 7 months old girl presented with bilateral hip pain for more than 1 year.Imaging examination revealed multiple nodular lesions in the central nervous system and lungs.Arthritis was the first manifestation in this case, and as a result, the patient was misdiagnosed as juvenile idiopathic arthritis.Finally, the patient was pathologically diagnosed as Epstein-Barr virus-associated smooth muscle tumor, which was a rare tumor associated with immunosuppression.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928027

ABSTRACT

This study established a mouse model of ulcerative colitis and explored the serum transitional components of Gegen Qinlian Decoction by UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap-MS. Based on the exact relative molecular weight and MS/MS spectrum, 55 prototype components and 59 metabolites were identified from the model group, while 18 prototype components and 35 metabolites from the control group. The prototype components in serum were mainly flavonoids and the characteristic components of the model group were alkaloids. Glucuronidation, sulfonation, and glycosylation have been confirmed to be the main metabolic types in vivo. The results of comparative analysis of differences indicated that puerarin, baicalin, wogonoside, wogonin, chrysin, oroxylin A, berberine, berberrubine, and palmatine were the characteristic components in model state, which at the same time, were confirmed by pharmacological studies to be the serum pharmacodynamic material basis of Gegen Qinlian Decoction in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. This study has provided reference for explaining the metabolic transformation pattern and mechanism of action of Gegen Qinlian Decoction in vivo.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Mice , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884817

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients suffering from acute ischemic stroke (AIS) complicated with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS).Methods:Data of patients with AIS who visited the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2015 to June 2020 and underwent polysomnography monitoring (PSG) in the sleep center were collected retrospectively. Patients were divided into OSAHS group and AIS only group. Demographic information of patients, general clinical data, hematological indicators of glucose and lipid metabolism and inflammatory markers, PSG parameters and neurological function scores were collected, including the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) on admission and the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) on discharge. We compared the differences between the two groups. In addition, OSAHS group were divided into good prognosis and poor prognosis subgroups according to mRS score. The differences between the two subgroups were compared.Results:A total of 112 AIS patients combined with OSAHS and 89 AIS only patients were included. The proportion of non-rapid eye movement stages 1+2 [(N1+N2) %], arousal index, the oxygen desaturation index (ODI), percentage of total sleep time with oxygen saturation<90% (TS90) in the OSAHS group were higher than those in the AIS only group, while N3%, lowest nocturnal oxygen saturation (LSaO 2) were lower (all P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in the distribution of cerebral apoplexy lesions (cortex, subcortical, brainstem, cerebellum) between the two groups, but the proportion of patients with multifocal cerebral apoplexy in the OSAHS group was higher ( P=0.032). There was no statistical difference in NIHSS score on admission between the two groups, but the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) score ( P=0.004) and mRS score on discharge ( P=0.010) of the OSAHS group were significantly higher than those in the AIS only group. There were 74 patients in the good prognosis group and 38 in the poor prognosis group. The analysis showed that the NIHSS and NLR scores of the poor prognosis group were higher than the good prognosis group, admission NIHSS score was a risk factor for poor prognosis, all P<0.01. Conclusions:AIS patients complicated with OSAHS are characterized by disordered sleep structure, more severe nocturnal hypoxia, higher risk of developing multiple lesions, poor neurological function recovery at discharge, and high inflammatory index of NLR. Among them, patients with poor prognosis have poorer sleep efficiency, and high admission NIHSS score is a risk factor for poor prognosis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908171

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the path and relationship between social support and ruminant meditation of tuberculosis patients on their post-traumatic growth (PTG).Methods:A total of 156 patients treated from January 2018 to August 2019 were selected as the research objects. The social support rating scale, event-related ruminant meditation questionnaire, and post-traumatic growth rating scale were used for investigation and analysis, and 150 valid questionnaires were obtained. The path analysis method was used to analyze the mutual influence between people.Results:The patient ′s post-traumatic growth, social support and ruminant meditation scores were (62.71±12.28), (38.19±9.79) and (27.28±11.18) points, respectively; social support and purposeful ruminant meditation directly affected tuberculosis patient's PTG (effect value was 0.57); social support indirectly positively affected the patient's PTG through purposeful ruminant meditation (indirect value was 0.77), and purposeful ruminant meditation was the mediating variable. Conclusion:The PTG, ruminant contemplation level and social support of pulmonary tuberculosis patients need to be improved. Social support can directly and indirectly affect the PTG level of pulmonary tuberculosis patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906306

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP)of function genes and effective components of <italic>Salvia miltiorrhiza</italic> and the molecular mechanism of specific quality formation of <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic>. Method:The fingerprints of components in <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic> from eight different habitats and varieties were obtained by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The full-length cDNA of three functional genes<italic> </italic>acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase(<italic>SmAACT</italic>),4-diphosphocytidyl-2-C-methyl-<italic>D</italic>-erythritol kinase(<italic>SmCMK</italic>) and isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase(<italic>SmIPPI</italic>) in tanshinone metabolic pathway were amplified by polymerase chain reaction(PCR),cloned, and sequenced,followed by bioinformatics analysis. Result:The full-length cDNA sequences of three functional genes <italic>SmAACT</italic>,<italic>SmCMK</italic>, and <italic>SmIPPI</italic> in tanshinone metabolic pathway were obtained from 23 strains of <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic> from eight different habitats and varieties. As revealed by the analysis of SNP and amino acid polymorphisms of three functional genes,18,16, and 14 SNP sites were found respectively. HPLC results showed the samples from Beijing,Hubei,Shandong (No. SDB),Shanxi,Henan, and Shandong (No. SDZ) were clustered into one branch,and those from Hebei and Inner Mongolia were clustered into another branch, which suggested that the variation trend of <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic> components had little correlation with geographical distance,but the variety was a critical factor for the quality. Conclusion:There was an obvious genetic differentiation trend in <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic> from different habitats,and different origin-specific genotypes were formed. The molecular mechanism of the formation of the specific quality of <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic> from different habitats was discussed,which laid a foundation for the stability and effectiveness of clinical medication,and guided the breeding of excellent varieties of <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic>.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906002

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the functions and indications, formulation, dosage form and medication characteristics of Chinese patent medicines in the 2020 edition of<italic> Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic> (part Ⅰ) for treating cough of children, and to provide ideas for the clinical rational application and provide reference for the research and development of new cough medicines for children. Method:The name, dosage form, formulation, functions and indications, usage and dosage, and other information of Chinese patent medicines for cough were collected from the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia </italic>(part Ⅰ), then relevant information was input into Integrative Pharmacology-based Research Platform of Traditional Chinese Medicine v2.0, and data analysis and mining were carried out through the analysis module of prescription medication rule, VOSviewer 1.6.14 was used to make drug clustering network view of Chinese patent medicines for the treatment of exogenous wind cold, exogenous wind heat and phlegm heat cough. Result:In the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia </italic>(part Ⅰ), a total of 75 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for treating cough of children were collected, including 34 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for adults and children, 41 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for children only. There were 7 types of traditional Chinese medicine syndromes, such as wind-cold attacking the lung, wind-heat invading the lung and phlegm-heat obstructing the lung. There were 45 Chinese patent medicines for treating exogenous cough, accounting for 60%, among which 35 kinds were used for exogenous wind-heat cough and 10 kinds were used for wind-cold cough. There were 30 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for treating internal injury cough, including 19 kinds of medicines for phlegm heat obstructing the lung, 4 kinds of medicines for phlegm dampness containing the lung and phlegm food stagnation, 2 kinds of medicines for Yin-deficiency lung heat, 1 kind of medicine for the lung and spleen Qi-deficiency. The formulation analysis showed that Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Platycodonis Radix, Scutellariae Radix, Armeniacae Semen Amarum and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium appeared frequently, which were mainly cold, bitter and sweet herbs, mainly belonged to the lung and stomach meridians. According to the analysis of administration and dosage forms, 71 kinds of Chinese patent medicines were administered through gastrointestinal tract, including 20 kinds of granules, 15 kinds of oral liquids, others included syrups, pills, capsules, tablets, powers, etc. Only 2 suppositories and 2 injections were administered by nongastrointestinal tract. The usage and dosage of most Chinese patent medicines were not clear. Conclusion:In the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia </italic>(part Ⅰ), the main syndromes of Chinese patent medicines for cough of children are exogenous wind-heat and phlegm-heat obstruction in the lung. Most of the Chinese medicines are cold, bitter and sweet, and their meridians are mainly lung and stomach meridians. Scutellariae Radix, Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Forsythiae Fructus are the most common medicines of exogenous wind heat syndrome. Perillae Folium, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium and Ephedrae Herba are the most common medicines of exogenous wind cold syndrome. Meanwhile, Scutellariae Radix, Platycodonis Radix and Armeniacae Semen Amarum are the most common medicines of phlegm heat obstructing the lung syndrome. At present, the dosage forms of Chinese patent medicines used for treating cough of children are too few and the dosage labeling is not comprehensive, so it is necessary to further strengthen the research and development of new Chinese medicines suitable for characteristics of children.

15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 825-831, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875815

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of couplet medicine of Rheum p almatum-Salvia miltiorrhiza on the contents of enterogenous urotoxin and intestinal barrier function in chronic renal failure (CRF)model rats. METHODS :Totally 55 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into sham operation group (10 rats)and modeling group (45 rats). In sham operation group ,the kidneys were isolated but not removed ;CRF model was reproduced by 5/6 nephrectomy in modeling group. After modeling (excluding 5 dead and non-modeling rats ),modeling rats were divided into model group (water),Niaoduqing granules group (2.5 g/kg),couplet medicine of R. palmatum -S. miltiorrhiza groups(6,3 g/kg,by crude drug ),with 10 rats in each group. Sham operation group and model group were given constant volume of water intragastrically. Administration groups were given relevant medicine intragastrically ,once a day ,for consecutive 12 weeks. After last administration ,the contents of creatinine (Scr)and urea nitrogen(BUN)in serum ,the content of urinary creatinine (Ucr) in urine were determined by automatic biochemical analyzer;creatinine clearance rate (Ccr)was calculated. The contents of enterogenous urotoxin [trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO),indoxyl sulfate (IS)and p-cresyl sulphate (PCS)] were determined by UPLC-ESI-MS/MS. Real-time RT-PCR and immunofluorescence assay were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression of Occludin and ZO-1 in the ileum tissue. HE staining and Masson staining were used to observe the pathologi cal changes of renal tissue. The ultrastructural changes of rat colon were observed by transmission electron microscope. RESULTS :Compared with sham operation group ,serum contents of Scr,BUN,TMAO,PCS and IS were increased significantly in model group (P<0.01),while urine content of Ucr ,Ccr,mRNA and protein expression of Occludin and ZO- 1 in ileum tissue were decreased significantly (P<0.01);renal glomerulosclerosis , renal tubules dilation and inflammatory invasion and fibrosisin the interstitium were all found ;the intestinal epithelial barrier structure of colon tissue was severely damaged. Compared with model group ,serum contents of Scr ,BUN,TMAO,PCS and IS were decreased significantly in administration groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01);the mRNA and protein expression of Occludin and ZO-1 in the ileum tissue were increased significantly (except for mRNA expression of ZO- 1 in R. palmatum -S. miltiorrhiza low-dose group (P<0.05 or P<0.01);the infiltration of inflammatory cells in renal interstitium ,the degree of fibrosis and the damage of intestinal epithelial barrier structure in colon tissue were reduced. CONCLUSIONS :Couplet medicine of R. palmatum -S. miltiorrhiza can effectively protect the residual renal function of CRF model rats ,the mechanism of which may be associated with reducing the serum contents of enterogenous urotoxin ,up-regulating mRNA and protein expresssion of Occludin and ZO- 1 in the ileum tissue so as to improve intestinal barrier function.

16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 350-353, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875693

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the changes of school absenteeism among students received Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Student (NIPCES), and to provide basic data for further nutritional health improvement for rural students.@*Methods@#Among 699 NIPCES monitored counties among 22 provinces across western and central China, 10%-30% of elementary and junior high schools were randomly selected as monitoring schools within each stratification according to the food supply pattern (school canteen, company and mix) in each county, school absenteeism information were collected and analyzed from 2012 to 2017.@*Results@#The total rate of student absenteeism was 26.0 per 10 000. From 2012 to 2016, it dropped from 30.8 per 10 000 to 23.4 per 10 000 year by year, but it increased again in 2017(28.2 per 10 000). The rate of school absenteeism in the western region (29.4 per 10 000) was higher than that in the central region (21.5 per 10 000); The sick leave rate (15.0 per 10 000) of primary school students was higher than that of junior high school students (13.4 per 10 000), and the rate of personal leave absences (16.9 per 10 000) of junior high school students was higher than that of elementary school students(9.9 per 10 000); the absentees rate in mixed-food supply schools (28.5 per 10 000) was higher than that in canteen food supply schools(26.4 per 10 000), the latter was higher than that of company food supply schools(25.0 per 10 000). The rate of sick leave absenteeism was highest in December(18.4 per 10 000), and the rate of personal leave absenteeism in June was highest(14.6 per 10 000).@*Conclusion@#The rate of school absenteeism among students in the NIPCES area showed an overall downward trend year by year. The absentee rate of students varies by regions, grade, food supply patterns and school locations.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921344

ABSTRACT

The main purpose of the National Nutrition and Health Systematic Survey for children 0-17 years of age in China (CNHSC) was to collect basic data on the nutrition, development, and health status for children in different regions across China using evidence-based, reliable, and cost-effective approaches. Children and their parents or guardians from seven regions (south, southwest, north, northwest, eastern, central, and northeast China) in China were recruited. A multi-stage stratified randomized sampling method was used. Two provinces were randomly sampled from each of the seven regions, from which one urban district and one rural country were also randomly sampled, resulting in a total of 28 survey counties/districts. Dietary surveys, health examinations, laboratory testing, and questionnaires were used to collect dietary intake, nutritional status, child development, and health status information. Nutrition, health, and lifestyle assessment of children and their parents was determined using the Knowledge Attitude Practice (KAP) survey. Greater than 100,000 children (38,000 children < 6 years of age and 66,000 children 6-17 years of age) completed the survey. The survey provided comprehensive data on child nutrition and health status for future studies and will serve as the basis for an integrated nutrition and health improvement strategies proposal for children in China.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child Development , Child, Preschool , China , Health Status , Health Surveys , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Nutrition Surveys
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888777

ABSTRACT

Six new oligomeric neolignans including two trimeric neolignans (1 and 2) and four dimeric neolignans (3-6) were isolated from the leaves of Magnolia officinalis var. biloba. Their structures were determined based on HR-ESIMS and NMR data, as well as electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Compound 1 is formed from two obovatol moieties directly linked to an aromatic ring of the remaining obovatol moiety, which is an unprecedented type of linkage between monomers. All isolates were assessed for their inhibitory effects on NO production in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. Compounds 1 and 3 showed significantly inhibitory activities with IC


Subject(s)
Animals , Lignans/pharmacology , Magnolia/chemistry , Mice , Molecular Structure , Phytochemicals/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Plant Leaves/chemistry
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888121

ABSTRACT

Qishen Yiqi Dripping Pills(QSYQ) are used clinically to treat various myocardial ischemic diseases, such as angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, and heart failure; however, the molecular mechanism of QSYQ remains unclear, and the scientific connotation of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) compatibility has not been systematically explained. The present study attempted to screen the critical pathway of QSYQ in the treatment of myocardial ischemia by network pharmacology and verify the therapeutic efficacy with the oxygen-glucose deprivation(OGD) model, in order to reveal the molecular mechanism of QSYQ based on the critical pathway. The key targets of QSYQ were determined by active ingredient identification and target prediction, and underwent pathway enrichment analysis and functional annotation with David database to reveal the biological role and the critical pathway of QSYQ. Cell counting Kit-8(CCK-8), lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), and Western blot tests were launched on high-content active ingredients with OGD cell model to reveal the molecular mechanism of QSYQ based on the critical pathway. The results of network pharmacology indicated that QSYQ, containing 18 active ingredients and 82 key targets, could protect cardiomyocytes by regulating biological functions, such as nitric oxide biosynthesis, apoptosis, inflammation, and angiogenesis, through TNF signaling pathway, HIF-1 signaling pathway, PI3 K-Akt signaling pathway, etc. HIF-1 signaling pathway was the critical pathway. As revealed by CCK-8 and LDH tests, astragaloside Ⅳ, salvianic acid A, and ginsenoside Rg_1 in QSYQ could enhance cell viability and reduce LDH in the cell supernatant in a concentration-dependent manner(P<0.05). As demonstrated by the Western blot test, astragaloside Ⅳ significantly down-regulated the protein expression of serine/threonine-protein kinase(Akt1) and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α(HIF-1α) in the HIF-1 signaling pathway, and up-regulated the protein expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA). Salvianic acid A significantly down-regulated the protein expression of upstream phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha(PIK3 CA) and downstream HIF-1α of Akt1. Ginsenoside Rg_1 significantly down-regulated the expression of HIF-1α protein and up-regulated the expression of VEGFA. The therapeutic efficacy of QSYQ on myocardial ischemia was achieved by multiple targets and multiple pathways, with the HIF-1 signaling pathway serving as the critical one. The active ingredients of QSYQ could protect cardiomyocytes synergistically by regulating the targets in the HIF-1 signaling pathway to inhibit its expression.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Myocardial Ischemia/genetics , Signal Transduction , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887994

ABSTRACT

The present study evaluated the curative efficacy of Chinese herbal injection on unstable angina pectoris( UAP) by network Meta-analysis. The databases,including Pub Med,Cochrane Library,Web of Science,CNKI,CBM,VIP and Wanfang were searched for randomized controlled trial( RCT) of Chinese herbal injection in the treatment of UAP. All researchers independently screened the articles,extracted the data and evaluated the quality. Open BUGS and Stata were employed for the analysis of the trials that met the quality standards. Fifty-eight studies were finally included in this study,involving 20 intervention measures. In terms of the effective rate,16 injections such as Dengzhan Xixin Injection,Xuesaitong Injection and Danshen Injection combined with western medicine exhibited significant efficacy. In terms of ECG,Puerarin Injection,Ginkgo Leaf Extract and Dipyridamole Injection( GDI),Breviscapine Injection combined with western medicine were superior to western medicine. In terms of the reduction of the angina attack times,Sodium Tanshinone ⅡASulfonate Injection,GDI and Dazhu Hongjingtian Injection combined with western medicine showed better effects than western medicine. In terms of shortening the angina duration,Shenmai Injection combined with western medicine was superior to western medicine. As revealed by the results,Dengzhan Xixin Injection,Xuesaitong Injection,Danshen Injection,Breviscapine Injection,Danshen Ligustrazine Injection combined with western medicine displayed prominent curative efficacy,which were recommended for clinical application. Meanwhile,appropriate intervention measures should be selected according to individual conditions. Limited by the quality of the included trials,the conclusions still need to be further verified.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris , Angina, Unstable/drug therapy , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Network Meta-Analysis , Treatment Outcome
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