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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 48-50, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979159

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the detection ability of laboratories, and to identify possible technical defects in the detection of dichloroacetic acid and trichloroacetic acid in drinking water. Methods A number of laboratories were organized to conduct interlaboratory determination of dichloroacetic acid and trichloroacetic acid in drinking water. Prefabricated standard series and intermediate samples were distributed. Data of determination were collected and statistically analyzed to evaluate the detection results. Results The slopes of dichloroacetic acid and trichloroacetic acid working curves were analyzed by Grubbs test. The analysis results showed that there were 1 outlier in the dichloroacetic acid data and 3 outliers in the trichloroacetic acid data, respectively. The determination results of the spiked samples of dichloroacetic acid and trichloroacetic acid were 1.5 and 4 times the actual value, respectively. Conclusion This investigation reveals that there exist some technical problems in the direct determination of dichloroacetic acid and trichloroacetic acid by gas chromatography, such as inappropriate selection of chromatographic conditions and injection port flow control, and incorrect way of spiking internal standards.

2.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 108-118, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971333

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether Suxiao Jiuxin Pills (SJP), a Chinese herbal remedy, is an anti-ventricular fibrillation (VF) agent.@*METHODS@#VF was induced by isoproterenolol (ISO) intraperitoneal injection followed by electrical pacing in mice and rabbits. The effects of SJP on the L-type calcium channel current (CaV1.2), voltage-dependent sodium channel current (INa), rapid and slow delayed rectifier potassium channel current (IKr and IKs, respectively) were studied by whole-cell patch-clamp method. Computer simulation was implemented to incorporate the experimental data of SJP effects on the CaV1.2 current into the action potential (AP) and pseudo-electrocardiography (pseudo-ECG) models.@*RESULTS@#SJP prevented VF induction and reduced VF durations significantly in mice and rabbits. Patch-clamp experiments revealed that SJP decreased the peak amplitude of the CaV1.2 current with a half maximal concentration (IC50) value of 16.9 mg/L (SJP-30 mg/L, -32.8 ± 6.1 pA; Verapamil, -16.2 ±1.8 pA; vs. control, -234.5 ±16.7 pA, P<0.01, respectively). The steady-state activation curve, inactivation curve, and the recovery from inactivation of the CaV1.2 current were not shifted significantly. Specifically, SJP did not altered INa, IKr, and IKs currents significantly (SJP vs. control, P>0.05). Computer simulation showed that SJP-reduced CaV1.2 current shortened the AP duration, transiting VF into sinus rhythm in pseudo-ECG.@*CONCLUSION@#SJP reduced VF via inhibiting the CaV1.2 current with in vivo, in vitro, and in silico studies, which provide experimental basis for SJP anti-VF clinical application.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Mice , Calcium , Computer Simulation , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Electrocardiography
3.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 318-325, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965848

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical appropriateness and application value of the peroxidase (POD) method for the detection of unbound bilirubin (UB) in neonatal serum. MethodsHydrogen peroxide (0.33 mol/L) and three different final concentrations (0.019, 0.038, 0.075 μg/mL) of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) were added to standard bilirubin solution (1, 2, 3 μmol/L) to obtain a standardized HRP primary rate constant Kp. Then 25 μL of neonatal serum was diluted by 41.6 fold, and measured with 2.4 and 4.8 μg/mL HRP at 37 ℃ under the dark, to determine the UB concentration. The accuracy, precision, and stability of the methodology were validated. The clinical characteristics of 33 jaundiced neonates were collected, including total serum bilirubin (TSB), indirect bilirubin (IDB), albumin (ALB), bilirubin to albumin molar ratio (BAMR), etc. The experimental data were analyzed by Graphpad Prism 8.0. ResultsA standardized Kp of (7.20±1.08) mL·μg-1·min-1 was determined at pH 7.4±0.2, 37 ℃ in the dark. The HRP activity and UB concentrations remained stable at -20 ℃ for 3 weeks and a week, respectively. The mean intra-day and inter-day coefficients of variation of the serum samples with different UB concentrations were less than 10%. In this study, the UB concentrations in 33 jaundiced neonates (gestational age ≥35 weeks) were measured by the POD method in the range of (0.32~1.20) μg/dL, which was positively correlated with TSB, IDB and BAMR. Of the five infants whose UB concentrations measured more than 1 μg/dL, three received intensive phototherapy (60%). ConclusionsThe POD method combined with a standard equipment spectrophotometer to detect serum UB concentrations in neonates is easy to operate, rapid to detect, and low cost. This method has good accuracy and precision, which is convenient for clinical implementation. Moreover, the measurement of serum UB may assist us in better management of neonatal jaundice in clinical practice.

4.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 243-247, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989619

ABSTRACT

Brain edema belongs to the category of "stroke" and "true headache", while Traditional Chinese Medicine mostly understands its core disease mechanisms from the perspectives of stasis, deficiency, and heat, and mostly treats the disease by using warming yang to induce diuresis and eliminating stasis to remove water. Wuling Powder has been lauded as the "first party to typhoid and relieving diuresis", which is used to cure clearing damp and promoting diuresis and warming yang and transforming qi, and has been clinically used in the treatment of brain edema caused by various causes such as head trauma, intracerebral hemorrhage, cerebral infarction, and intracranial space occupying, all with remarkable efficacy. Wuling Powder improves cellular energy supply, scavenges excess oxygen radicals and calcium ions in brain tissue, and reduces the damage to brain tissue caused by vascular inflammatory factors and regulates aquaporins and vascular endothelial growth factor, thereby achieving therapeutic effects.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3848-3854, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981517

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the neuroprotective effect of tetramethylpyrazine on mice after spinal cord injury and its mechanism. Seventy-five female C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 5 groups, namely, a sham operation group, a model group, a tetramethylpyrazine low-dose group(25 mg·kg~(-1)), a tetramethylpyrazine medium-dose group(50 mg·kg~(-1)), and a tetramethylpyrazine high-dose group(100 mg·kg~(-1)), with 15 mice in each group. Modified Rivlin method was used to establish the mouse model of acute spinal cord injury. After 14 d of tetramethylpyrazine intervention, the motor function of hind limbs of mice was evaluated by basso mouse scale(BMS) and inclined plate test. The levels of inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-6(IL-6), and interleukin-1β(IL-1β) in the spinal cord homogenate were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the histology of the spinal cord, and Nissl's staining was used to observe the changes in the number of neurons. Western blot and immunofluorescence method were used to detect the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein(GFAP) and C3 protein. Tetramethylpyrazine significantly improved the motor function of the hind limbs of mice after spinal cord injury, and the BMS score and inclined plate test score of the tetramethylpyrazine high-dose group were significantly higher than those of the model group(P<0.01). The levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β in spinal cord homogenate of the tetramethylpyrazine high-dose group were significantly decreased(P<0.01). After tetramethylpyrazine treatment, the spinal cord morphology recovered, the number of Nissl bodies increased obviously with regular shape, and the loss of neurons decreased. As compared with the model group, the expression of GFAP and C3 protein was significantly decreased(P<0.05,P<0.01) in tetramethylpyrazine high-dose group. In conclusion, tetramethylpyrazine can promote the improvement of motor function and play a neuroprotective role in mice after spinal cord injury, and its mechanism may be related to inhibiting inflammatory response and improving the hyperplasia of glial scar.


Subject(s)
Rats , Mice , Female , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Neuroprotective Agents/pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Spinal Cord Injuries/genetics , Spinal Cord/metabolism
6.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 596-600, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936476

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish a method for the determination of 8 volatile halogenated hydrocarbons in drinking water, including vinyl chloride, trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylene, tetrachloromethane, chloroform, dichlorobromomethane, dichlorodibromomethane, and tribromomethane by headspace thermal desorption-gas mass spectrometry. MethodsThe water sample was kept in the headspace bottle at 60 ℃ for 40 min, and the volatile matter was transferred to the cold trap,subjected to thermal desorption, then analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. ResultsThe linear ranges were 0.2‒20.0 μg·L-1 for vinyl chloride, 0.1‒20.0 μg·L-1 for chloroform, 0.02‒20.00 μg·L-1 for tetrachloromethane, 0.2‒20.0 μg·L-1 for trichloroethylene, 0.3‒20.0 μg·L-1 for dichlorobromomethane, 0.1‒20.0 μg·L-1 for tetrachloroethylene, 0.4‒20.0 μg·L-1 for dichlorodibromomethane, and 1.0‒20.0 μg·L-1 for tribromomethane. All the correlation coefficients were more than 0.997. The respective quantitative limits were 0.162, 0.073, 0.016, 0.184, 0.270, 0.071, 0.356 and 0.813 μg·L-1, and the respective recoveries were 98.0%‒101.0%, 102.0%‒110.0%, 99.2%‒101.0%, 95.5%‒96.2%, 96.0%‒102.0%, 100.0%‒102.0%, 99.0%‒105.0%, and 94.0%‒103.0%. ConclusionThe method is simple, sensitive, rapid, accurate and reliable, so it is applicable for the determination of 8 kinds of volatile halogenated hydrocarbons in drinking water.

7.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 361-365, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930150

ABSTRACT

Xiaotianxin acupoint is located at the middle root of the palm, in the depression of the junction between the major and minor thenar eminence. Manual operation includes kneading, pinching, pounding, pinching-kneading method, and it has the effect of clearing heat and promoting urination, tranquilizing fringt and mind, brightening vision, dredging meridians, sweating and releasing muscle, clinical indications of infantile convulsions, night crying, hot urine, jaundice, strabismus, low vision. This paper, by reviewing ancient and modern literatures, the positioning, operation methods and clinical application of Xiaotianxin acupoint are combed and analyzed. The mechanism of the acupoint should be explored from two aspects of traditional and modern medicine, in order to understand the acupoint comprehensively and deeply. And it will provide a theoretical basis for the treatment of diseases by Xiaotianxin, and guide the clinical application through theoretical research.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1343-1349, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928061

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the inhibitory effect of Pien Tze Huang(PZH) on enterovirus 71(EV71). To be speci-fic, chemiluminescence method was adopted to evaluate the toxicity of PZH to African green monkey kidney(Vero) cells and human rhabdomyosarcoma(RD) cells, and cytopathic effect(CPE) method to assess the inhibition on EV71-GFP reporter virus and EV71 C4 wild-type virus. The results showed that PZH had low cytotoxicity to Vero cells and RD cells, with the half-maximal cytotoxic concentration(CC_(50)) of about 0.691 3-0.879 2 mg·mL~(-1) for the two. In addition, PZH can effectively inhibit the replication of EV71 within the non-cytotoxic concentration range, and dose-dependently alleviate the cytopathic changes caused by virus infection, with the half-maximal effective concentration(EC_(50)) of 0.009 2-0.106 3 mg·mL~(-1). On the basis of the above results, the green fluorescent protein(GFP), indirect immunofluorescence assay(IFA), and median tissue culture infective dose(TCID_(50)) were employed to assess and verify the anti-EV71-GFP and anti-EV71 C4 activity of PZH. The results demonstrated that PZH can dose-dependently lower the expression of GFP by EV71-GFP and structural protein VP-1 by EV71 C4 and decrease the production of progeny infectious viruses. The EC_(50) of PZH for EV71-GFP and EV71 C4 was about 0.006 0-0.006 2 mg·mL~(-1) and 0.006 6-0.025 6 mg·mL~(-1), respectively. This study suggested that PZH may exert antiviral activity by acting on EV71 and interfering with the expression of VP-1. At the moment, there is still a lack of specific anti-EV71 drugs. This study proposed a new idea for the symptomatic treatment of EV71 infections such as hand-foot-mouth disease and verified an effective drug for the treatment of EV71 infections.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chlorocebus aethiops , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Enterovirus A, Human/physiology , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Vero Cells
9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1175-1181, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956772

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficiency of deep learning image reconstruction (DLIR) algorithm in the image quality and detection of hypovascular hepatic metastases under low radiation doses in comparison with adaptive statistical iterative construction-V (ASiR-V).Methods:Fifty-six patients with suspected hypovascular hepatic metastases who needed abdominal enhanced CT scans were collected prospectively in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January to April 2021. The patients received conventional radiation dose with tube current-time products of 400 mA CT scans in the first venous phase, low-dose CT scans in the second venous phase, which were set as tube current-time products of 280 mA for group A (19 cases), 200 mA for group B (19 cases) and 120 mA for group C (18 case), respectively. The images of first venous phase and 3 groups of second venous phase were both reconstructed with ASiR-V60% and high-DLIR (DLIR-H). Quantitative parameters [image noise, liver and portal vein signal to noise ratio (SNR), contrast to noise ratio (CNR)] and qualitative parameters (overall image quality, lesion conspicuity, diagnostic confidence) were compared between ASiR-V60% and DLIR-H images, and the effective radiation dose (ED) and the lesion detectability of each group was recorded. The paired t test was used to compare quantitative parameters, whereas the Wilcoxon signed-rank test of paired data was used to compare qualitative parameters. Results:In the second venous phase, ED was (5.56±0.35) mSv in group A, (3.88±0.23) mSv in group B, and (2.42±0.23) mSv in group C, with a decrease of 30%, 50% and 70% compared with the first venous phase, respectively. Moreover, with the decrease of radiation dose, the noise gradually increased, and the CNR lesions, SNR liver and SNR portal vein all gradually decreased. DLIR-H images had statistically better quantitative scores than ASiR-V60% images when the same radiation dose was applied (all P<0.001). Furthermore, the qualitative parameters of each group decreased with the decrease of radiation dose. Under the same radiation dose, the overall image quality, lesion conspicuity and diagnostic confidence of DLIR-H were higher than those of ASiR-V60% (all P<0.001). All lesions [100% (84/84)] were detected by ASIR-V60% and DLIR-H in group A, 92.0% (75/81) in group B, and 88.0% (79/89) in group C. Conclusions:Compared with ASiR-V60%, DLIR-H could reduce image noise, improve overall image quality and lesion conspicuity of hypovascular hepatic metastases as well as increase diagnostic confidence under different radiation doses.

10.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1109-1112, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004067

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To establish a platelet donor database with HPA and HLA high resolution results in Hefei area, and to analyze the appropriate pool capacity, so as to provide support for patients with immune PTR transfusion difficulties. 【Methods】 The HPA-1-6, -10, -15 and 21 genotypes of 1157 voluntary blood donors in Hefei were analyzed by multiplex PCR and the frequencies were calculated. HLA-A, -B high resolution gene frequency and haplotype frequency in 1115 voluntary blood donors in Hefei were calculated using maximum expected value method. 【Results】 Hefei database of platelet donors was established according to the analysis of HPA and HLA high-resolution gene polymorphisms in Hefei population.In the donor pool with 1 157 cases of known genotypes HPA-1-6, -10, -15, -21, about 91% of patients can find an donor with full-matched HPA genotype. In the donor pool with 1 115 cases of known HLA-A, -B high-resolution genotype, the probability of finding at least one identical donor is about 60%. 【Conclusion】 The local-suitable database of platelet donors with known HPA and HLA genotypes in Hefei has been established. After analysis, this database basically meets the needs of patients with immune PTR to find suitable platelets.

11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1360-1364, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921060

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of umbilical moxibustion on phlegm damp constitution and intestinal flora, and explore the mechanism of umbilical moxibustion in improving phlegm damp constitution.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 subjects with phlegm damp constitution were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each group. The control group was given TCM health guidance, such as diet and exercise; on the basis of the control group, umbilical moxibustion was applied in the observation group, 7 moxa cones each time, 2 times a week for 8 weeks. Before and after intervention, the indexes (transformation score of phlegm damp constitution, body mass, body mass index [BMI], waist circumference, hip circumference, heart rate and blood pressure) related to phlegm damp constitution were recorded in the two groups. The intestinal flora was detected with 16S rDNA sequencing technology in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After intervention, the transformation score of phlegm damp constitution, body mass, BMI, waist circumference and hip circumference were decreased compared before intervention in the observation group (@*CONCLUSION@#Umbilical moxibustion may reshape the intestinal flora by up-regulating the relative abundance of


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Moxibustion , Mucus
12.
Journal of Cancer Prevention ; : 118-127, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899038

ABSTRACT

More than half of the world’s populations are considered to be infected by Helicobacter pylori. It causes a chronic inflammation of the stomach, which is implicated in the pathogenesis of gastric ulcer and cancer. Silibinin, a polyphenolic flavonoid derived from milk thistle, has been known for its hepatoprotective effects, and recent studies have revealed its chemopreventive potential. In the present study, we examined the anti-inflammatory effects of silibinin in human gastric cancer MKN-1 cells and in the stomach of C57BL/6 mice infected by H. pylori. Pretreatment with silibinin attenuated the up-regulation of COX-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in H. pylori-infected MKN-1 cells and mouse stomach. In addition, the elevated translocation and DNA binding of NFκB and STAT3 induced by H. pylori infection were inhibited by silibinin treatment. Moreover, H. pylori infection in combination with high salt diet resulted in dysplasia and hyperplasia in mouse stomach, and these pathological manifestations were substantially mitigated by silibinin administration. Taken together, these findings suggest that silibinin exerts anti-inflammatory effects against H. pylori infection through suppression of NF-κB and STAT3 and subsequently, expression of COX-2 and iNOS.

13.
Journal of Cancer Prevention ; : 118-127, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891334

ABSTRACT

More than half of the world’s populations are considered to be infected by Helicobacter pylori. It causes a chronic inflammation of the stomach, which is implicated in the pathogenesis of gastric ulcer and cancer. Silibinin, a polyphenolic flavonoid derived from milk thistle, has been known for its hepatoprotective effects, and recent studies have revealed its chemopreventive potential. In the present study, we examined the anti-inflammatory effects of silibinin in human gastric cancer MKN-1 cells and in the stomach of C57BL/6 mice infected by H. pylori. Pretreatment with silibinin attenuated the up-regulation of COX-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in H. pylori-infected MKN-1 cells and mouse stomach. In addition, the elevated translocation and DNA binding of NFκB and STAT3 induced by H. pylori infection were inhibited by silibinin treatment. Moreover, H. pylori infection in combination with high salt diet resulted in dysplasia and hyperplasia in mouse stomach, and these pathological manifestations were substantially mitigated by silibinin administration. Taken together, these findings suggest that silibinin exerts anti-inflammatory effects against H. pylori infection through suppression of NF-κB and STAT3 and subsequently, expression of COX-2 and iNOS.

14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3599-3604, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888012

ABSTRACT

Isomers are widely distributed in Chinese herbal medicines,and can be discriminated by energy-resolved mass spectrometry( ER-MS). However,ER-MS was performed through direct injection of reference compounds with syringe pump,which encountered a significant technical barrier for high-throughput and automated measurements. Herein,online ER-MS was conducted using LC-MS platform,and a pair of isomers,kaempferol vs luteolin,were employed as a case study to illustrate and assess the utility of online ER-MS for isomeric discrimination. High-resolution tandem mass spectrometry data of both flavonoids were acquired on LC-QE-Orbitrap-MS,and the fragmentation pathways responsible for the primary fragment ions were proposed. The primary signal in MS1 occurred at m/z 285( [M-H]-),and the primary signals of either compound generated by retro-Diels-Alder fragmentation were observed at m/z 151 and 133. The spectral information was subsequently transferred onto LC-Qtrap-MS platform to carry out online ER-MS. Two precursor-to-product ion transition candidates were constructed as m/z 285>151 and 285>133,and either afterward derived a set of pseudo-ion transitions( PITs) and so forth,exactly corresponding to a series of progressive collision energies( eg-5,-8,-11 e V,and so on). All PITs were typed into the monitoring list of multiple reaction monitoring program to generate the peak area datasets. Either dataset was normalized using the highest values in the set and imported into Graph Pad Prism software to plot the Gaus-sian-shaped curve that was termed as the break-down graph. The apex of the regressive curve was termed as optimal collision energy( OCE). The OCE values corresponding to m/z 285>151 were calculated as-29. 06 e V and-35. 71 e V for kaempferol and luteolin,respectively. In the case of m/z 285>133,the OCEs were yielded as-44. 15 e V for kaempferol and-49. 01 e V for luteolin. With re-ference to their chemical structures,the location of hydroxyl group was regarded to be responsible for the differences of either m/z 285>151 or 285>133 between the isomers,attributing to their different bond properties. Above all,online ER-MS offers an eligible tool for isomeric discrimination,and provides meaningful information for the accurate chemical composition characterization based on LC-MS,which is not limited to Chinese herbal medicines.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Flavonoids , Kaempferols , Luteolin , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2276-2281, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887037

ABSTRACT

The high performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence micelle assay (HPLC-FMA) method for the content determination of polysorbate 80 in monoclonal antibody drugs was validated to study its applicability and transferability between various laboratories, and the feasibility to be included in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Both J.T. Baker and Nanjing Well-sourced polysorbate 80 was used in the collaborative validation of polysorbate 80 content analysis in seven different laboratories. The results show that when the protein concentration was no more than 20 mg·mL-1 and the concentration of polysorbate 80 ranged from 0.05 to 0.5 mg·mL-1, the method had good specificity. The recovery rates of the spiked samples ranged from 92.20% to 117.70% for J.T.Baker and from 93.90% to 117.20% for Nanjing Well. The intra-laboratory precision (%RSD) was less than 4.30% for J.T. Baker, and less than 2.60% for Nanjing Well, while the overall precision was less than 5.45% for J.T. Baker, and less than 6.70% for Nanjing Well. The linear correlation coefficient was more than 0.98 for J.T. Baker and more than 0.99 for Nanjing Well. The results of the collaborative validation prove that the HPLC-FMA method has good accuracy, precision, linearity, and specificity, and could be used for release control analysis of polysorbate 80 content in monoclonal antibodies across different laboratories.

16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2220-2228, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879181

ABSTRACT

A new method of MS/MS~(ALL) was designed to sequentially record a MS~2 spectrum at each unit mass window through gas phase fractionation concept, so as to offer an opportunity for universal MS~2 spectral recording with direct infusion(DI). As a proof-of-concept, DI-MS/MS~(ALL) was applied for rapid chemome profiling of a famous herbal medicine named Lonicerae Japonicae Flos. After each MS~2 spectrum was correlated to its precursor ion, the structural annotation was conducted by applying well-defined mass cracking rules, matching the mass spectral data with literatures and referring to those accessible databases. As a result, a total of 54 components were identified from Lonicerae Japonicae Flos extract, including 21 phenolic acids, 13 flavonoids, 12 iridoids, 4 triterpenoids and 4 other compounds. Therefore, DI-MS/MS~(ALL) is a powerful tool for comprehensive, rapid qualitative analysis of chemical profiles of traditional Chinese medicine and other chemical components of complex systems.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Lonicera , Plant Extracts , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 130-138, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878921

ABSTRACT

As a precious traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), snake bile has been widely used in numerous Chinese medicine prescriptions. Bile acid(BA) derivatives have been demonstrated as the primary chemical family in snake bile. In-depth chemical characterization of BAs is of great importance towards the establishment of quality standards and clarification of the effective material basis for snake bile. This study firstly employed ~1H-NMR to preliminarily analyze the chemical profiles of snake bile, an automated fraction collector was subsequently implemented to obtain the fractions-of-interest. The fraction was then concentrated and re-analyzed by LC-MS. Based on ~1H-NMR, BAs were found to be the main components of snake bile, and six BAs including CDCA, CA, TCDCA, TCA, TDCA and GCA were tentatively identified from the representative spectrum with the assistance of literature and reference compounds. Whereas the content of TCA in snake bile was too great, resulting in a great obstacle for the detection of trace components, the automated fraction collector was subsequently implemented to obtain the fractions-of-interest for LC-MS analysis. According to matching MS/MS information and retention time with reference compounds as well as database retrieval, a total of 57 BAs were detected and annotated. Because of the combination of ~1H-NMR and LC-MS platforms, the findings are beneficial for the in-depth characterization of BAs in snake bile, which provides references for the establishment of quality control and evaluation methods of snake bile.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile , Bile Acids and Salts , Chromatography, Liquid , Snakes , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
18.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 240-244, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004553

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To study the distribution and haplotype polymorphism of HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1, -DQB1 alleles in Anhui Han population. 【Methods】 The HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1 and -DQB1 genotyping of 3 169 random unrelated stem cell donors was performed by PCR-SBT. The allele frequency, haplotype frequency and linkage imbalance parameters were calculated by counting method, maximum expectation algorithm and PyPop software. 【Results】 A total of 411 HLA alleles were detected in the population, of which 67, 143, 65, 75 and 64 alleles were detected for HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1 and -DQB1, respectively. The alleles with frequency >0.1 were HLA-A*11∶01, A*11∶01, A*24∶02, A*02∶01, C*01∶02, C*07∶02, C*06∶02, DRB1*09∶01, DRB1*15∶01, DRB1*07∶01, DQB1* 03∶01, DQB1* 03∶03, and DQB1*02∶01. 1426 HLA-A~HLA-B, 1 772 HLA-B~HLA-DRB1, 798 HLA-B~HLA-C, and 446 HLA-DRB1~HLA-DQB1 haplotypes were detected. The haplotypes showed linkage imbalance, and 19 of them showed strong linkage imbalance (RLD>0.80). 【Conclusion】 The frequency and haplotype distribution of HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1 and -DQB1 alleles in Anhui Han population were obtained. The distribution of those alleles and haplotypes have their own characteristics.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 242-244, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865265

ABSTRACT

Since January 2020, as ophthalmologists working at the center of the novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) outbreak in Wuhan, China, we found 3 cases in 30 COVID-19 patients with binocular conjunctivitis.Of them, one case visited for conjunctivitis as a first symptom and then diagnosed as COVID-19 three days later, and two cases visited for binocular conjunctivitis during the COVID-19 onset.In 3 patients, conjunctivitis was manifested as signs of viral conjunctivitis from mild to moderate.The symptoms of two patients disappeared after treatment of antiviral eyedrops for 7 to 10 days and another patient died of COVID-19.Interestingly, although we detected positive viral nucleic acid in the conjunctiva sacs of 2 of other 27 COVID-19 patients by using swabs and RT-PCR technology, no conjunctivitis occurred in these two patients.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 79-86, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873188

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of different dose of Realgar compatible with Indigo Naturalis on the transitional constituents of Indigo Naturalis in rat serum based on the compatibility of Qinghuangsan.Method:Indigo Naturalis test solution, the drug-containing serum of three different proportions of Qinghuangsan (10 g of Indigo Naturalis compatible with 52.5, 105, 210 mg of Realgar for group A, B and C, respectively) and blank serum were detected by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS, in combination with the chemical components identified in Indigo Naturalis test solution, the differences of transitional constituents of Indigo Naturalis in rat serum from the group A, B and C were analyzed. HL-60 cells (human leukemia cells) were treated with the three groups of Qinghuangsan drug-containing serum and the effect of drug-containing serum on the activity of HL-60 cells was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay.Result:A total of 19, 22, 25 of transitional constituents were detected in Qinghuangsan drug-containing serum from group A, B and C, respectively. The three groups of drug-containing serum all contained 5 prototype components from Indigo Naturalis test solution, including tryptanthrin, indigo, indirubin, 2-aminobenzoic acid and N-phenyl-2-naphthylamine, respectively. The results of CCK-8 assay showed that Qinghuangsan drug-containing serum of group C had the strongest inhibitory effect on HL-60 cells.Conclusion:After fixed Indigo Naturalis dose, with the increase of Realgar dose, the transitional constituents in rat serum increase and the inhibitory effect on HL-60 cells also gradually enhances, which indicates that Realgar may promote the absorption of active components in Indigo Naturali in vivo, thus enhance the efficacy, further explains the compatibility law and pharmacodynamic material basis of different proportions of Realgar and Indigo Naturalis.

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