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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934033

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the potential molecular mechanisms of liver cancer cell-derived secretory autophagosomes, extracellular vesicles expressing LC3B (LC3B + EVs), in promoting the exhaustion of CD8 + T cells. Methods:The proportions of LC3B + EVs and PD-1 + CD8 + T cells in peripheral blood and ascites of liver cancer patients were measured by flow cytometry. Spearman correlation test was used to analyze the correlation between the proportions of LC3B + EVs and PD-1 + CD8 + T cells. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from healthy donors were treated with LC3B + EVs or heat shock protein 90α (HSP90α) blocking antibody-pretreated LC3B + EVs for 72 h in the presence of αCD3/CD28 antibodies and IL-2 in vitro. The proportions of PD-1 + CD8 + T and IFN-γ + CD8 + T cells and the concentrations of IL-2, TNF-α and IFN-γ in the supernatants were all detected by flow cytometry. Results:The proportions of LC3B + EVs and HSP90α + LC3B + EVs in plasma and ascites from liver cancer patients were significantly higher than those in healthy control group and non-cancerous ascites group. The level of plasma LC3B + EVs, especially HSP90α + LC3B + EVs, was significantly correlated with the percentage of exhausted PD-1 + CD8 + T cells. In addition, LC3B + EVs from human liver cancer cells up-regulated the percentage of exhausted CD8 + T cells in vitro. However, LC3B + EVs pretreated with HSP90α blocking antibody could significantly inhibit LC3B + EVs-induced CD8 + T cell exhaustion. Conclusions:Liver cancer cell-derived LC3B + EVs could effectively induce CD8 + T cell exhaustion mainly through the membrane-bound HSP90α.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930448

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of children with Kawasaki disease (KD) complicated with atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation (AARS).Methods:Clinical characteristics of 60 AARS patients complicated with KD (the atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation group) and 60 patients with KD only diagnosed (the control group)in the Children′s Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from December 2010 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Differences between groups were compared by the Chi- square test and the t test. Results:A total of 8 365 KD patients were diagnosed during the study period, involving 60 cases (0.72%) complicated with AARS.which usually occurred in the acute phase with the onset ages of 3 to 6 years ( P<0.001). Initial clinical symptoms of KD complicated with AARS included fever with restricted neck movement (100.00%), neck mass (66.67%), torticollis (21.67%) and neck pain (11.67%). CT or X-ray exa-mination of the neck indicated AARS, with thickening and swelling of the cervical soft tissues in some cases.Compared with those of control group, red, dry, cracked lips ( P=0.01) and cervical lymph node swollen ( P<0.001) were significantly pronounced in KD patients complicated with AARS.The absolute and relative count of neutrophils were significantly higher in KD patients complicated with AARS (all P< 0.05). Cervical soft tissue swelling and thickening in B-ultrasound were more obvious than those in the control group( P<0.05). However, there were no significant differences in coronary artery lesions and the response to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) combined with Aspirin between groups ( P>0.05). Head traction could relieve neck symptoms to a certain extent, but there was no significant difference between groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Cervical lymphadenopathy, red, dry, cracked lips, increase of absolute and relative count of neutrophils, and swelling and thicke-ning of cervical soft tissues were the high-risk factors of KD complicated with AARS.The complication of AARS in KD patients did not increase the risk of coronary artery injury and IVIG resistance.IVIG combined with aspirin achieved a good prognosis in the majority of KD patients complicated with AARS.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911425

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) receptor monoclonal antibody (MoAb) in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after treatment of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI).Methods:From February 2019 to February 2020, 56 HCC patients who relapsed after TACE-TKI treatment in Department of Interventional Radiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University were enrolled. All patients received anti-PD-1 MoAb (sintilimab injection) and followed up every 6 weeks. According to mRECIST, the curative effect was evaluated as complete response (CR), partial response (PR), stable disease (SD) or progressive disease (PD). Objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR), progression-free survival (PFS) and treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) were recorded. Univariate analysis by Chi-square test and binary logistic regression model was used to determine the influencing factors of DCR. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazard regression model were used to analyze the survival data.Results:A total of 48 patients were enrolled in this study including 42 males and 6 females, with a median age of 55 years (29-71 years). ECOG scores comprised of 0 in 24 cases, 1-2 in 24 cases. Thirty-six patients were in Child-Pugh grade A of liver function and 12 cases were grade B. The median follow-up time was 4.5 months. There were 2 patients achieved CR, 12 patients with PR and 16 with SD. ORR was 29.2%, DCR was 62.5%. The independent influencing factors of DCR was ECOG score and AFP level ( P=0.031, P=0.012). Median PFS was 4.1 months (95% CI 2.7-5.4 months), and ECOG score was the independent influencing factor of PFS ( P=0.042). Treatment-related adverse events were reported in 70.8% (34/48) patients. Incidence of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ TRAEs was 22.9% (11/48). Conclusion:In patients with HCC who relapse from TACE and TKI treatment, anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody is efficacious safe especially in those with ECOG 0 score.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1812-1815, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906811

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study investigated the use of rush and related factors among HIV positive male students in Beijing, and provided suggestions for education and intervention.@*Methods@#Data on HIV positive male students was collected from 2017 to June 30, 2020 in Beijing and analyzed in SPSS 20.0.@*Results@#A total of 200 valid questionnaires were collected. The mean age at HIV diagnosis was (22.18±2.70) years. The rate of using rush was 46.00%. The proportion with homosexual behavior before infection was 92.00%. The results of multivariate analysis showed that meeting sexual partners through the Internet( OR=3.84, 95%CI =1.65-8.96), drinking alcohol( OR=3.26, 95%CI =1.51-7.02), group homosexual behavior( OR=4.84, 95%CI =1.71-13.71), and STD diagnosis ( OR=0.23, 95%CI =1.02-4.87) were associated with the use of rush before infection.@*Conclusion@#The rate of rush use was higher among male students infected with HIV. Government regulation could be strengthened and drug abuse could be prevented through better health education for students.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906155

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the correlation of eight chemical components in Miao medicine <italic>Periploca forrestii</italic> from different producing areas with the ecological and soil factors. Method:The contents of neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid B, isochlorogenic acid A, isochlorogenic acid C, procyanidin A<sub>2</sub>, and periplocin were simultaneously determined by ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC). The root soil samples from various producing areas were collected for testing various soil factors, followed by climate data extraction with ArcGIS and topographic data recording using GPS. SPSS 24.0 was employed to conduct the bivariate analysis and stepwise regression analysis of the eight chemical components in <italic>P. forrestii</italic> from different producing areas with the ecological and soil factors. Result:Stepwise regression equations of the content of eight chemical components against ecological and soil factors were established. The findings demonstrated that neochlorogenic acid was negatively correlated with precipitation in the coldest season and chlorogenic acid negatively correlated with precipitation in the driest month. Cryptochlorogenic acid was negatively correlated with precipitation in the coldest season and average temperature in the warmest season, but positively with selenium. Isochlorogenic acid B was mainly affected by soil factors. Specifically, it was positively correlated with available iron and molybdenum but negatively with total phosphorus and available phosphorus. Isochlorogenic acid A was positively correlated with molybdenum but negatively with the coefficient of variation of precipitation. Isochlorogenic acid C showed a positive correlation with exchangeable magnesium. Procyanidin A<sub>2</sub> exhibited a positive correlation with molybdenum and a negative correlation with available potassium. Periplocin was negatively correlated with the coefficient of variation of precipitation. Conclusion:The correlation between the eight chemical components of <italic>P. forrestii</italic> and the ecological and soil factors has been clarified, which will provide reference for the introduction, cultivation, and standardized planting of <italic>P. forrestii </italic>and also a theoretical basis for further research on its ecological and soil factors and quality formation mechanism.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888108

ABSTRACT

Fifteen bibenzyls were isolated and purified from the ethyl acetate extract of the stems of Dendrobium officinale by macroporous resin, MCI, silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and ODS column chromatographies, as well as preparative thin-layer chromatography and preparative HPLC. The structures of compounds were identified according to the spectra data of ~1H-NMR, ~(13)C-NMR, and MS, and the physical and physiochemical properties: dendrocandin X(1), 3,4'-dihydroxy-4,5-dimethoxybibenzyl(2), 6″-de-O-methyldendrofindlaphenol A(3), 3,4-dihydroxy-4',5-dimethoxybibenzyl(4), dendrosinen B(5), 3,4,4'-trihydroxy-5-methoxybibenzyl(6), 3,3'-dihydroxy-4,5-dimethoxybibenzyl(7), 3,4'-dihydroxy-5-methoxybibenzyl(8), moscatilin(9), gigantol(10), 4,4'-dihydroxy-3,5-dimethoxybibenzyl(11), 3,4',5-trihydroxy-3'-methoxybibenzyl(12), 3-O-methylgigantol(13), dendrocandin U(14), and dendrocandin N(15). Compound 1 was a novel compound. Compound 2 was isolated from Dendrobium species for the first time. Compounds 3-7 were isolated from D. officinale for the first time.


Subject(s)
Bibenzyls , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Dendrobium , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 803-807, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866929

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role and mechanism of the high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) in intestinal mucosal barrier injury in rat with sepsis induced by endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS).Methods:The rats were given intraperitoneal injection of LPS to reproduce a model of sepsis. The effect of HMGB1 inhibitor EP solution (40 mg/kg) on sepsis was observed, and phosphate buffer (PBS) control group was set up. Seventy-two hours after modeling, abdominal aortic blood was obtained, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure the plasma levels of D-lactic acid and diamine oxidase (DAO) of mucosal barrier permeability. The pathological changes of the intestinal mucosal were observed with light microscope and the Chiu score was recorded. The intestinal mucosal ultrastructural changes were observed with electron microscopy. Real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western Blot were used to measure the mRNA and protein expressions of Occludin, inflammatory factor HMGB1 and its downstream signal molecule nuclear transcription factor-κB p65 (NF-κB p65) in the rat small intestine.Results:The results of histopathology and ultrastructure of the small intestine showed that in the LPS group, the intestinal mucosa tissue swelled obviously, part of the glands were incomplete, the infiltration of neutrophils increased, themicrovillus cells were absent, arranged indisorder, and the number of tight connections significantly reduced compared with the PBS control group. The levels of D-lactic acid and DAO indicating mucosal barrier permeability, the levels of inflammatory factor HMGB1 and its downstream signaling molecule NF-κB p65 mRNA and protein expressions in the LPS group were significantly higher than those in the PBS control group, and the mRNA and protein expression of Occludin in the small intestine was significantly lower than that in the PBS control group, suggesting that the intestinal mucosal barrier function in septic rats was damaged, permeability increased, and the structure was damaged. After the administration of the HMGB1 inhibitor EP, the intestinal mucosal barrier damage was significantly improved. The performance was as follows: the Chiu score of the small intestine tissue and the plasma D-lactic acid and DAO levels in the EP intervene group were significantly lower than those in the LPS group [Chiu score: 1.60±0.48 vs. 3.40±0.48, D-lactic acid (mmol/L): 3.30±0.22 vs. 5.30±0.16, DAO (U/L): 23.66±0.97 vs. 30.47±1.11, all P < 0.05]. Occludin mRNA and protein expression levels were significantly higher than those in the LPS group [Occludin mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 0.82±0.05 vs. 0.37±0.08, Occludin protein (Occludin/β-actin): 1.04±0.09 vs. 0.75±0.11, both P < 0.05], while the mRNA and protein expression levels of HMGB1 and NF-κB p65 were significantly lower than those in the LPS group [HMGB1 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 1.63±0.10 vs. 3.57±0.10, HMGB1 protein (HMGB1/β-actin): 1.40±0.07 vs. 1.87±0.07; NF-κB p65 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 1.47±0.09 vs. 2.62±0.13, NF-κB p65 protein (NF-κB p65/β-actin): 1.24±0.14 vs. 1.60±0.13, all P < 0.05]. Conclusions:Intestinal mucosal barrier function of septic rats was damaged, permeability increased, and structure was damaged. The mechanism may be that the expression of inflammatory factor HMGB1 was up-regulated and promoted the activation of its downstream signaling molecule NF-κB, thereby mediated the inflammatory cascade reaction and caused damage to the intestinal mucosa.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828424

ABSTRACT

Resin-containing drugs in Dracaena from four different appearances were analyzed by headspace sampling-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(HS-GC-MS) metabolomics technique and hierarchical clustering analysis(HCA) chemometrics method. This study was to analyze differential volatile components in resin-containing drugs in Dracaena from different appearance and metabolic pathways. The results of partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) and HCA analysis indicated that there was little difference in volatile components between fiber-rich sample and hollow cork cambium sample, however, the volatile components in the two samples compared with whole body resin-containing sample and resin-secreting aggregated sample had a large metabolic difference. Twenty differential metabolites were screened by VIP and P values of PLS-DA. The content of these differential metabolites was significantly higher in whole body resin-containing sample and resin-secreting aggregated sample than in fiber-rich sample and hollow cork cambium sample. Sixteen significant metabolic pathways were obtained through enrichment analysis(P<0.05), mainly involved in terpenoids biosynthesis and phenylpropanoid metabolism. This result provided a reference for further study of resin formation mechanism of resin-containing drugs in Dracaena from different appearances. At the same time, it also provided a reference for establishing a multi-index quality evaluation system.


Subject(s)
Cluster Analysis , Discriminant Analysis , Dracaena , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Resins, Plant
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846424

ABSTRACT

Objective: The effects of different decoction time and different decoction temperature on its chemical constituents of anthraquinones, anthrone, and tannins were revealed by pseudo-targeted metabolomics, which provided the basis for clinical use of rhubarb. Methods: Using LTQ-Orbitrap-MSn to accurately excavate the characteristic ions of various chemical components of rhubarb, the ion pairs of chemical components were determined as much as possible by characteristic ions to obtain the peak area of various components by using the MRM mode of QQQ-MS. The effects of different decoction methods on the chemical components of rhubarb was compared by multivariate statistical analysis combined with paired t test. Results: Both decoction time and decoction temperature have impacts on the chemical components of rhubarb decoction. Short-term decocting for 15 min was beneficial to the dissolution of dianthrone glycosides and anthraquinone glycosides, while long-term decocting for 60 min was beneficial to the dissolution of tannins; Compared with boiling water maceration, boiling water decoction was more favorable for the dissolution of anthraquinones and tannins. Conclusion: This paper adopts the method of pseudo-targeted metabolomics, and clearly points out that short-term decocting or maceration is conducive to exerting the laxative effect of rhubarb, and long-time boiling decocting is conducive to exerting clearing heat and detoxifying efficacy, which provides a reference for the clinical application of rhubarb.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872412

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of filiform fire-needling plus continuous passive motion (CPM) therapy for frozen shoulder. Methods: A total of 72 patients were randomized into an observation group and a control group by the random number table method, with 36 cases in each group. Patients in the control group received celecoxib capsule plus CPM, while those in the observation group received filiform fire-needling plus CPM. The whole course of treatment lasted for 2 weeks in both groups. The visual analog scale (VAS), Constant-Murley score (CMS) and range of motion of shoulder joint were measured for therapeutic efficacy evaluation. Results: The total effective rate was 91.7% in the observation group, higher than 72.2% in the control group, and the between-group comparison showed statistical significance (P<0.05). After treatment, the VAS scores in the two groups dropped significantly, the CMS as well as the range of motion including abduction, forward flexion and extension were all increased significantly, and the intra-group comparisons showed statistical significance (all P<0.05). The betweengroup comparisons showed the improvements in these items in the observation group were more significant than those in the control group (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Filiform fire-needling plus CPM can produce more significant efficacy than celecoxib capsule plus CPM for frozen shoulder; it can alleviate pain, improve shoulder function and restore joint range of motion in such patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801851

ABSTRACT

The gut microbiota and its metabolites play a critical role on health maintenance, because they are involved in the absorption and metabolism of nutrients in the human bodies. This is also similar to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) view that the ascending and descending of Qi movement affects Yin-Yang, Qi-blood, pneuma and body fluid, viscera and meridians of our bodies. More and more studies have demonstrated that gut microbiota is closely related to the development and progression of diabetes and its complications. Gut microbiota disorder could affect host metabolic signaling pathways, thereby promoting the formation and development of diabetes. The smooth ascending and descending of Qi movement is the basic form of maintaining host metabolic homeostasis, whose dysfunction however can lead to internal environment disturbance. Based on the theory of ascending and descending of Qi movement, this paper focuses on the pathogenesis of imbalanced intestinal flora in the process of the induction of diabetes mellitus from a dynamic perspective. It is assumed that the imbalance of Qi ascending and descending may act as a trigger for such symptoms as lung Qi impairment, spleen deficiency to dissipating essence, liver Qi stagnation and kidney Yang deficiency. Under this circumstance, gut microbiota will be out of balance, which will further lead to the nutrient substance metabolic disturbance in the body, and thus induce diabetes. Thus, it is significant to explore the regulatory mechanism of gut microbiota and its metabolites on diabetes based on the theory of ascending and descending of Qi movement, so as to reveal the scientific connotation of TCM in regulating substance metabolism homeostasis in the body.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801691

ABSTRACT

Objective: To optimize the pre-column derivation high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) content determination method of D-mannose and D-glucose as well as the content determination method of narinhenin in Dendrobium officinale and D. huoshanense, and compare the contents of D-mannose,D-glucose and narinhenin between D. officinale and D. huoshanense. Method: A pre-column derivation HPLC method modified by Chinese Pharmacopoeia(Ch.P) 2015 was used to simultaneously determine the contents of D-mannose and D-glucose,with acetonitrile-0.02 mol·L-1 ammonium acetate solution as mobile phase for gradient elution. Kromasil 100-5 C18 was performed with the wavelength set at 250 nm,and the flow rate was 1 mL·min-1;column temperature was 30℃. HPLC content determination of narinhenin was performed on Kromasil 100-5 C18 with the acetonitrile-methanol-0.4% phosphoric acid solution as mobile phase for gradient elution,and the wavelength was set at 290 nm; the flow rate was 0.8 mL·min-1,and column temperature was 40℃. Result: D-mannose and D-glucose showed a good linear relationship within the range of 0.15-3.0 μg and 0.075-2.25 μg (r=0.999 9); and their average recoveries were 99.01% (RSD 2.1%) and 101.69% (RSD 2.0%) respectively. In addition, the other methodological researches such as repeatability and durability all met the requirements. The contents of D-mannose(Cm),D-glucose(Cg) and sum of them (Cm+Cg) were 12.75%-36.40%,2.93%-18.39% and 19.23%-54.58% in 43 batch of D. officinale. Almost all of the results except very few samples reached the D-mannose standard in Ch.P 2015, and the total content of D-mannose and D-glucose was also up to the total polysccharide standard in Ch.P. The correlation between content and origin was not significant. The contents of D-mannose(Cm),D-glucose(Cg) and sum of them (Cm+Cg) were 14.33%-29.47%,6.64%-15.20%,and 25.73%-44.37% in 12 batch of D. huoshanense. These contents and ratio of peak areas of D-mannose to D-glucose (Am/Ag) were within the scope of D. officinale's; in addition, their average contents were basically the same with those in D. officinale (about 33%).Next,naringenin showed a good linear relationship within the range of 0.020 8-0.832 0 μg (r=0.999 9),and its average recovery was 101.96% (RSD 1.8%). The content of naringenin was 0.053 2-0.122 4 mg·g-1 (average value of 0.081 0 mg·g-1) in 11 batch of D. officinale, slightly higher than 0.040 3-0.090 0 mg ·g-1 (average value of 0.068 3 mg ·g-1) in 7 batch of D. huoshanense. All of these results of narinfenin did not reach the content lower limit in Ch.P. Conclusion: The method used to determinate the content of D-mannose and D-glucose is reproducible, and their sum content is possible to substitute the total polysccaride determination (with higher errors) in D. officinale; monosaccharide content determination can be used for quantitative quality control of D. huoshanense. However, it could not distinguish D. officinale and D. huoshanense by determining the contents of polysccharide,D-glucose,D-mannose and narinhenin, and shall be combined with other specificity methods for further identification.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801689

ABSTRACT

Objective: To optimize the HPLC characteristic spectrum of flavonoid glycosides of Dendrobium officinale,and identify the common and specific components of different provenances. Method: Kromasil 100-5 C18 column was adopted, with tetrahydrofuran-acetonitrile-methanol (10:22:5)-0.05% phosphoric acid as mobile phase (gradient elution). The detection wavelength was 340 nm,the column temperature was 30℃,and the flow rate was 1.0 mL ·min-1. Result: 13 flavonoid characteristic peaks were marked in 27 batches of D. officinale,and 7 characteristic peaks of 6 flavonoid C-glycosides (vicenin Ⅱ,vicenin Ⅰ,schaftoside,isoschaftoside,violanthin and isoviolanthin) and one flavonoid O-glycosides (rutin) was identified. 7-11 characteristic peaks were detected in different batches of samples. Among them,vicenin Ⅱ was a relatively stable common peak in different source samples,and the characteristic peaks of rutin,schaftoside and isoschaftoside were quite different. According to the relative abundance of the characteristic peaks,the samples could be divided into three categories. Among them,the first category had 10 batches of samples,which mainly came from Danxia landforms of Guangdong,Jiangxi,Fujian and Zhejiang (Wuyi) Province (which called "Danxia landform species") and characterized by detection of obvious peak of rutin. The second category had 11 batches of samples,which mainly came from Yunnan and Guangxi Province (which included "Yunnan Guangnan species" and "Guangxi Tiepilan species") and characterized by detection of violanthin and isoviolanthin. And the third category had 6 batches of samples, which were mainly derived from Zhejiang Province (which called "native species from Zhejiang") and characterized by detection of different degrees of rutin peak, but it was difficult to detect the characteristic peaks of violanthin and isoviolanthin. HPLC characteristic chromatograms of D. officinale in bionics wild cultivation and greenhouse of "Danxia landform species" and "Guangxi Tiepilan species" were compared. The results showed that the characteristic peaks in D. officinale planted in greenhouse could be detected stably,which verified the reliability of the source in D. officinale. Conclusion: The analytical method has a better separation effect on flavonoids of D. officinale, with a good reproducibility. The commonness and specificities of flavonoid glycosides components of D. officinale from different categories have basically confirmed. This suggests that Vicenin Ⅱ is suitable to be a reference peak for characteristic chromatogram. Both the relative abundance of rutin and the detection or relative abundance of violanthin and isoviolanthin peaks could be used as a reference to judge the categories of D. officinale in "Danxia landform species" or "Tiepilan species from Yunnan, South Guangdong and Guangxi" or "native species from Zhejiang".

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 968-973, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801049

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the performance of a deep learning (DL) based mammogram calcification detection system.@*Methods@#Screening digital mammographic examinations with standard cranio-caudal (CC) and medio-lateral oblique (MLO) views were performed in 1 431 women (5 488 mammogram images) who were enrolled between January and December in 2013. The DL system and a radiologist detect calcifications separately, and then both results are reviewed by a moreexperiencedradiologist. Sensitivities of the DL model and radiologist were compared. Different calcification morphology, distribution, BI-RADS categories, breast density and patient age were investigated by χ2 tests.@*Results@#For DL system, sensitivity of all kinds of calcifications were 96.76% (7 649/7 905). The average false positive was 1.04 per image (5 706/5 488), 3.99 per case (5 706/1 431). The false positive rate was 42.73% (5 706/13 355). There was no significant differences for DL system with different calcification distribution, BI-RADS categories, breast densities and patient ages (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#Deep learning based mammogram calcification detection system shows high sensitivity and stability, which may help to reduce the missing rate of calcification (especially the suspicious ones).

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798519

ABSTRACT

Reducing glycemic excursion is of great importance to the successful practice for diabetes intervention and complication prevention. This is also an advantage of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of diabetes. More and more studies have shown that the dysfunction of islet microcirculation is the key pathological link for glycemic excursion caused by decrease of islet function. The over-activation of local renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in islet microcirculation is a key ring to the islet decompensation, intimately related to the functionality of islet endocrine cells, and has gradually become the focus in the study of islet functionality. In TCM, it is believed that glycemic excursion in diabetes mellitus is closely related to the incapability of "spleen Qi to dispersing essence". If spleen fails to disperse essence, the essence will be accumulated in the body and become harmful stuffs. The stuffs further break the blood glucose homeostasis, acting as the key pathogenesis of diabetes. By supplementing the "spleen" Qi and promoting the dispersion of nutrient substance (hormone) in "pancreas", the balance between sugar-regulated hormones can be restored and therefore glycemic excursion can be reduced. However, the regulation mechanism of "spleen Qi to dispersing essence" on glycemic excursion remains unclear at present. Based on the previous clinical and scientific work, the following ideas were proposed by the authors:the effects of "spleen Qi to dispersing essence" on the improvement of islet function and the regulation of glycemic excursion may be achieved by promoting islet microcirculation, and its mechanism may be related to inhibiting the activation status of local RAS in islet microcirculation. It is important to note that the mutual antagonistic relationship between the signal pathways of RAS in islet microcirculation is similar to the antagonistic relationship between "spleen Qi to dispersing essence" and spermatozoa in TCM. Thus, the mechanism of "spleen Qi to dispersing essence" on the regulation mechanism of blood glucose fluctuations needs to be further explored from the perspective of the overall regulation of RAS in islet microcirculation, so as to reveal the scientific connotation of TCM on regulating the body's environmental homeostasis and reducing glycemic excursion in diabetic patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797603

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the high risk factors for early coronary artery aneurysms(CAA)early complicated with Kawasaki disease (KD) in inpatient children.@*Methods@#Totally 679 inpatient children with KD from January 2005 to December 2011 in Children′s Hospital of Chongqing Medical University were enrolled in this study.These data were analyzed by Chi-square test to analyze the possible risk factors for CAA.Multiple Logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate the OR and 95%CI for the risk factors.@*Results@#There were 385(56.70%) male and 294(43.30%) female cases with the onset ages of 2 months to 15 years and 7 months.There were 32 cases (4.71%) of CAA, among them, 8 cases resistant to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). In total 32 cases of CAA, 25 cases were treated with 2 g/(kg·time) IVIG for 1 to 3 times, and 2 cases were also treated by methylprednisolone.The other 7 cases of CAA were treated with IVIG less than or equal to 1 g/(kg·time) for 4 to 7 times.There were 6 recu-rrent KD cases (0.88%), occurred on the 2nd-18th month after the onset of the illness, including 1 case complicated with CAA.There was no death case during the acute stage.The monofactor analysis showed that male, duration of fever ≥ 10 d, time of treatment with IVIG ≥7 d, hemoglobin < 100 g/L, erythrocyte sedimentation rate ≥100 mm/1 h, serum albumin < 30 g/L were associated with early complicated CAA(all P<0.05). However, the age, white blood cells, platelets, C-reactive protein were not associated with early complicated CAA(all P>0.05). The multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that hemoglobin <100 g/L (OR=2.99, 95%CI: 1.01-8.75, P=0.04), duration of fever ≥ 10 d (OR=6.67, 95%CI: 1.57-22.54, P=0.01), time of treatment with IVIG ≥7 d(OR=3.57, 95%CI: 1.12-11.02, P=0.02) were the independent risk factors for CAA.@*Conclusions@#The levels of hemoglobin<100 g/L, duration of fever ≥ 10 d and time of treatment of IVIG ≥7 d are the independent risk factors for CAA.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752276

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the high risk factors for early coronary artery aneurysms (CAA)early complicated with Kawasaki disease (KD) in inpatient children.Methods Totally 679 inpatient children with KD from January 2005 to December 2011 in Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University were enrolled in this study.These data were analyzed by Chi-square test to analyze the possible risk factors for CAA.Multiple Logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate the OR and 95% CI for the risk factors.Results There were 385 (56.70%) male and 294(43.30%) female cases with the onset ages of 2 months to 15 years and 7 months.There were 32 cases (4.71%) of CAA,among them,8 cases resistant to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG).In total 32 cases of CAA,25 cases were treated with 2 g/(kg · time) IVIG for 1 to 3 times,and 2 cases were also treated by methylprednisolone.The other 7 cases of CAA were treated with IVIG less than or equal to 1 g/(kg · time) for 4 to 7 times.There were 6 recurrent KD cases (0.88%),occurred on the 2nd-18th month after the onset of the illness,including 1 case complicated with CAA.There was no death case during the acute stage.The monofactor analysis showed that male,duration of fever ≥ 10 d,time of treatment with IVIG ≥7 d,hemoglobin< 100 g/L,erythrocyte sedimentation rate ≥ 100 mm/1 h,serum albumin < 30 g/L were associated with early complicated CAA (all P < 0.05).However,the age,white blood cells,platelets,C-reactive protein were not associated with early complicated CAA (all P > 0.05).The multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that hemoglobin < 100 g/L (OR =2.99,95% CI:1.01-8.75,P =0.04),duration of fever ≥ 10 d (OR =6.67,95 % CI:1.57-22.54,P =0.01),time of treatment with IVIG ≥ 7 d (OR =3.57,95 % CI:1.12-11.02,P =0.02) were the independent risk factors for CAA.Conclusions The levels of hemoglobin <100 g/L,duration of fever ≥ 10 d and time of treatment of IVIG ≥7 d are the independent risk factors for CAA.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746341

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the impact of the comprehensive reform of public hospitals in Tianjin on the cost structure of inpatients at a tertiary general hospital.Methods Homepage data of the medical records from January 2015 to June 2018 were selected from a tertiary general hospital in Tianjin.The Beijing version of diagnosis related groupings(BJ-DRGs) was used to compare the expense structure of these inpatients before and after such a reform.Wilcoxon signed rank sum test,Z test and Pearson correlation analysis were performed for each index.Results Since the reform,the number of hospital discharges and that of DRGs had remained basically stable,while the case mixed index(CMI) weight increased slightly(from 1.0065 to 1.0386);the total hospitalization expenses,medical expenses,nursing expenses,management expenses and consumables expenses had increased.On the other hand,the expenses of medication and medical technology decreased,and the differences of these expenses were statistically significant (P <0.05).The time consumption index (0.87) and drug consumption index (0.80) were always lower than average,but the cost consumption index (1.38) remains above average with a slight rise.Conclusions The reform of public hospitals in Tianjin has encouraged such hospitals to improve their service procedures by adjusting such measures as pricing of medical services,and promoted their proactive management of hospitals.Hence the initial goal of "controlling costs,adjusting structure,and reducing costs" has been met.However,cost rise control still deserves major attention.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744343

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlation between antimicrobial use density (AUD) and change in antimicrobial resistance rate of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (SM), and explore the influencing factors of antimicrobial resistance of SM. Methods Antimicrobial resistance rate of SM and AUD of commonly used antimicrobial agents in patients in a hospital from 2012 to 2017 were summarized, correlation was analyzed with Pearson correlation method. Results A total of 23 994 strains of gram-negative bacteria were isolated, of which 1 331 strains (5.55%) were SM, mainly from sputum (54.02%) and distributed in intensive care unit (21.49%). Resistance rates of SM to ceftazidime, levofloxacin, and compound sulfamethoxazole were 21.79%, 7.66%, and 13.37% respectively, resistance rates to levofloxacin showed an increasing trend year by year (P<0.05). Resistance rate of SM to levofloxacin was positively correlated with the use intensity of β-lactamase inhibitors, carbapenems, fluoroquinolones, and oxazolidinones (all P<0.05); resistance rate to compound sulfamethoxazole was positively correlated with the use intensity of macrolides (P<0.05).Conclusion Change in resistance rates of SM to levofloxacin and compound sulfamethoxazole are positively correlated with the use intensity of some commonly used antimicrobial agents, reducing AUD is beneficial to the control and reducing of the resistance of SM.

20.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 516-519,524, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743761

ABSTRACT

Objective Establishment of an osimertinib-resistant PC-9/ZDOR cell line of human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) , and exploration of its drug resistance mechanisms and the sensitivity of themotherapeutic drugs. Methods An osimertinib-resistant PC-9/ZDOR cell line was induced by increasing doses of osimertinib to gefitinib-resistant cells PC-9/ZD. Mutation analysis of EGFR genes was performed by NGS. Cell growth was measured by CCK-8 assay and the sensitivity of chemotherapy was determined via analysis of resistance index (RI).The expression of EGFR and its signal transduction protein was determined by western blot. Results (1) An osimertinib-resistant human NSCLC cell line PC-9/ZDOR was successfully established with resistance index of 44. (2) The evidence from NGS data showed the mutation and amplification of EGFR was eliminated in PC-9/ZDOR cells. (3) The data from Western blot showed that the expression of EGFR and its phosphorylated form protein such as P-AKT and P-ERK was significantly decreased in PC-9/ZDOR cells when compared with those in PC-9/ZD cells (P <0.05). (4) The sensitivity of PC-9/ZDOR cell lines to docetaxel, gemcitabine and paclitaxel was significantly higher than that of PC-9/ZD cell lines (P < 0.05) , while the sensitivity of PC-9/ZDOR cell lines to cisplatin and pemetrexed was similar to the one of PC-9/ZD cell lines (P> 0.05). Conclusions The PC-9/ZDOR cell lines is an osimertinibresistant human NSCLC cell line. Elimination of EGFR gene mutation and/or the decrease of protein expressions of EGFR, p-EGFR, p-ERK and p-AKT maybe serve as the mechanisms of acquired resistance to osimertinib. This osimertinib-resistant cell line, PC-9/ZDOR, showed a elevated level of sensitivity to taxanes and gemcitabine.

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