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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 212-218, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809872

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the molecular-cytogenetic characterization and impact on tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) therapy in chronic phase of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML-CP) patients with variant Ph chromosome (vPh).@*Methods@#The clinical data of 32 patients with vPh chromosomes were collected and compared with 703 patients with typical Ph chromosome in newly diagnosed CML-CP who were on first-line imatinib (IM) and with BCR-ABL transcript of P210.@*Results@#There was no significant difference in demographic and hematological characteristics between vPh and classic Ph patients. 3(9.4%) of the 32 vPh cases were simple variant translocations. Among the remaining 29 cases with complex variant translocations, 28 cases (87.5%) involved 3 chromosomes, and only 1 (3.1%) involved 4 chromosomes. Except for 8, 15, 18, X, and Y chromosomes, the other chromosomes were involved. The frequency of chromosome 12q(15.5%) and 1p (12.1%) were higher involved. The most common FISH signal pattern was 2G2R1Y (74.1%), followed by 1G1R2F (14.8%), 2G1R1Y (3.7%), 1G2R1Y (3.7%), 1G1R1Y (3.7%). The comparison of complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) (P=0.269), major molecular response (MMR) (P=0.391) were carried out between simple and complex mechanisms, without difference. Compared with the classic Ph, the patients with vPh had higher IM primary resistance rate (χ2=3.978, P=0.046), especially primary hematological resistance (χ2=7.870, P=0.005), but the difference of CCyR (χ2=0.192, P=0.661), MMR (χ2=0.822, P=0.365), EFS (χ2=0.509, P=0.476), OS (χ2=3.485, P=0.062) were not statistically significant, and multivariate analysis showed that the presence of vPh did not affect OS (RR=0.692, 95%CI 0.393-1.765, P=0.658)、EFS (RR=0.893, 95%CI 0.347-2.132, P=0.126) and PFS (RR=1.176, 95%CI 0.643-2.682, P=0.703).@*Conclusion@#CML-CP patients with vPh and classic Ph had similar demographic and hematological characteristics. Except for 22q11, 9q34, the frequency of chromosome 12q and 1p were higher involved. The most common FISH signal pattern was 2G2R1Y, and different mechanisms had no impact on TKIs therapy. Compared with cases with classic Ph chromosomes, the patients with vPh chromosomes had higher risk of IM primary resistance, especially primary hematological resistance, which can obtain deeper molecular response quickly after changing to second-generation TKIs and didn’t affect long-term outcomes and OS.

2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 184-189, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809867

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) from different donors as first-line treatment for children and adolescents with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) .@*Methods@#The clinical data of 79 children and adolescents with SAA diagnosed from January 2013 to December 2016 in Henan Province were retrospectively analyzed. There were 50 males and 29 females, with a median age of 14(4-18) years. 40 cases received matched sibling transplantation (MSD-HSCT), 17 with unrelated donor transplantation (UD-HSCT), and 22 with haploidentical transplantation (haplo-HSCT).@*Results@#The comparison of MSD-HSCT, UD-HSCT, haplo-HSCT groups was conducted and the median times of neutrophils engraftment were statistically significant [12(9-25) d, 14(10-22) d, 16(11-26) d, respectively (χ2=13.302, P=0.001)], but no difference in+30 d engraftment rate [97.3%(36/37), 100%(15/15), 100%(20/20), χ2=0.959, P=0.619]. The median times of PLT engraftment were not statistically significant [14(6-34)d, 16(7-32)d, 19(10-34)d, respectively, χ2=5.892, P=0.053], and the +30 d engraftment rate had no difference [97.3%(36/37), 100%(15/15), 100%(20/20), χ2=0.959, P=0.619]. The post-transplant infection rate showed no statistically significance [35.0% (14/40), 29.4% (5/17), 45.5% (10/22), χ2=1.158, P=0.560], as well as the incidences of aGVHD, grade III/IV aGVHD and cGVHD(χ2=0.230, P=0.891; χ2=2.628, P=0.269; χ2=3.187, P=0.203). The two-years OS rate was not statistically significant respectively [(77.1±6.7)%, (70.6±11.1)%, (77.3±8.9)%, χ2=0.330, P=0.845]. Severe post-transplant infection (RR=4.617, P=0.009), grade Ⅲ/Ⅳ aGVHD (RR=2.707, P=0.048) were independent risk factors for OS.@*Conclusion@#The overall efficacy of MSD-HSCT, UD-HSCT and haplo-HSCT as first-line therapy for children and adolescents with SAA/VSAA is comparable.

3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 738-744, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809427

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical features of imbalance between Th1 and Th22 cells and its association with disease progression in patients with liver cirrhosis, and to explore immune therapeutic strategies for targeted therapy for liver cirrhosis.@*Methods@#In vitro peripheral blood mononucleated cells (PBMCs) were collected by centrifugation. CD3-BV500 and CD8-PerCP-Cy5.5 staining was performed for these cells. IFNγ-PE-Cy7, IL-17a-APC, IL-22-PE, or the corresponding isotype control was added, and then PBMCs were fixed with 1% polyoxymethylene after being washed once by permeabilization-wash buffer. Flowjo software was used for the analysis of T lymphocyte subsets and cytokines. Th1 (CD4+IFNγ+), Th17 (CD4+IL-17a+), Th22 (CD4+IL-22+), Tc1 (CD8+IFNγ+), Tc17 (CD8+IL-17a+), and Tc22 (CD8+IL-22+) subsets were defined and the secretions of interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin-17a (IL-17a), and interleukin-22 (IL-22) were measured for all subsets. LX-2 cells were cultured in a serum-free medium and different concentrations of recombinant human IL-22 protein (25, 50, 100 ng/ml) were added; 24 hours later, the activation marker α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) was used to measure LX-2 activation. Fetal bovine serum with a volume fraction of 10% was used as a positive control. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (chemiluminescence) was used to measure the concentrations of hyaluronic acid, type III precollagen, and type IV collagen in supernatant. A one-way analysis of variance, the non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test, and the non-parametric Kruskal-wallis H test were used for statistical analysis based on data type.@*Results@#Compared with the health control group, the liver cirrhosis groups with various causes had significant increases in peripheral Tc1, Th17, and Th22 cells. The percentage of Th17 cells in the liver cirrhosis group was 1.64 times that in the control group (4.25%±2.45% vs 2.59%±1.36%, P < 0.05), and the mean percentage of Th22 cells in the liver cirrhosis group was 2.18 times that in the control group (4.17%±2.55% vs 1.31%±0.64%, P < 0.05). The percentages of Th17 (5.89%±3.44%) and Th22 cells (5.32%±3.67%) in the patients with alcoholic cirrhosis were 1.27 and 3.06 times those in the control group (P < 0.05). The patients with alcoholic cirrhosis had a significant increase in Th22 cells. The patients with different types of liver cirrhosis had a significant reduction in the ratio between anti-fibrotic and pro-fibrotic factors (Th1/Th22), which was positively correlated with the severity of liver cirrhosis and was a common immunological feature of liver cirrhosis with different causes. In addition, IL-22 activated hepatic stellate cells and promoted the production of collagen.@*Conclusion@#The imbalance between anti-fibrotic and pro-fibrotic factors (Th1/Th22) is a common feature of the progression of liver fibrosis with various causes and may contribute to the progression of liver fibrosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1419-1423, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504376

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the change of expression of miR-7 in activated CD4+ T cells in vitro, and preliminary explore its possible significance. Methods: CD4+CD62L+T cells was purified from splenocytes of FVB mice by magnetic cell sorting system (MACS). After stimulation with anti-CD3/CD28 antibody,the relative expression of miR-7 was examined by Real-time PCR, and the expression level of CD69 molecular was analyzed by FACS. Furthermore,the relative expression of miR-7 in CD4+T cells was detected at different time points during stimulation. With the treatment of ERK inhibitor PD98059,change of miR-7 expression was de-termined by Real-time PCR. Meanwhile, the proliferation of CD4+T cells was examined by CCK-8 assay and the expression level of CD69 and CD62L molecular were analyzed by FACS. Finally,the expression of cytokines IL-6,IL-10,and IFN-γ were determined by Real-time PCR. Results:Compared with control group,the relative expression of miR-7 was increased significantly after stimulation with anti-CD3/CD28 antibody,as well as expression level of CD69 molecular was augmented(P<0. 05). In contrasted with 0 h and 24 h,the expression of miR-7 was significantly increased after 48 h and 72 h during stimulation(P<0. 05). Furthermore,the relative expression of miR-7 was significantly declined in CD4+T cells in ERK inhibitor PD98059 treatment group. Finally, the expression level of CD69 molecular,as well as cytokines IL-6, IL-10 and IFN-γ, were also decreased significantly ( P<0. 05 ) . Conclusion: The relative expression of miR-7 was significantly increased in activated CD4+T cells,closely related to ERK pathway,which provided an important foundation for successive research work on exploring the functional role of miR-7 in the CD4+T cells.

5.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1257-1261, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498693

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the effect of microRNA-7 ( miR-7 ) knockdown on pathology in murine acute lung injury ( ALI) model,and preliminarily explore its significance.Methods:Murine ALI model was performed by intraperitoneal injection of Li-popolysaccharide (LPS) (10 mg/kg) into miR-7KD mice and wild-type (wild type,WT) mice respectively.Then,the pathologic injury of lung tissue were observed by HE staining.And total cell count of bronchoalveolarlavage(BAL) was calculated.The relative expression of related cytokines in lung tissue was analyzed by Real-time PCR assay.Furthermore,the changes on proportion of innate immune cells (γδT cell and F4/80 macrophages cell) and adaptive immune cell ( CD4+T cell and CD8+T cell) were analyzed by FACS.Meanwhile, the expression of CD62L and CD69,as well as the absolute number,in CD4+T cell were also analyzed.Results: Compared with WT mice,pathological damage in lung tissues was significantly alleviated in miR-7KD mice.Real-time PCR analysis showed that the relative expression of IL-6 was obviously reduced (P<0.01),conversely,relative expression of IL-4 and TGF-βwere obviously increased (P<0.05).Furthermore,the total cell number in BAL also reduced significantly (P<0.05).Importantly,FACS analysis showed that the proportion and the absolute number of F4/80+Mφcells obviously reduced (P<0.05);however,the proportion of γδT cells increased (P<0.05).Moreover,the proportion and the absolute number of CD4+T cells and CD8+T cells were significantly reduced (P<0.05). Finally, the proportion and the absolute number of CD62L+in CD4+T cells were upregulated vigorously,contrastly,the proportion and the absolute number of CD69+in CD4+T cells were notably up-regulated (P<0.05).Conclusion:miR-7 defeciency could significantly ameliorate the pathology of murine ALI,suggesting that it may play an important regulatory role in the development of ALI.

6.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1163-1168, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the change of proportions of αβT lymphocytes in mesenteric lymph nodes of miR-7 knockdown (miR-7KD)mice,and preliminarily explore its importance.Methods: The volume,weight index and total cells number of mesenteric lymph node in miR-7KD mice were measured.The pathologic morphology change of mesenteric lymph nodes was observed by HE stai -ning.And the changes on proportion of αβT lymphocytes in mesenteric lymph nodes of miR-7KD mice were analyzed by Flow cytometry.Results:Compared with those of WT (wild type) mice,the volume,weight index,and the total cells number of mesenteric lymph node were significantly increased ( P<0.05 ).Moreover ,the pathologic morphology was significantly changed.The proportion and numbers of T lymphocyte were significantly increased;however,the proportion of B lymphocyte were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Notably,the proportion and number of CD4+T cells and CD8+T cells were significantly increased (P<0.05).Meanwhile,CD62L+T cell proportion were vigorously reduced and CD 69+T cell and IFN-γ+T cell proportion were notably up-regulated,which belong to CD4+and CD8+T cell(P<0.05).Conclusion:There was significant influence in the proportion of αβT lymphocytes in mesenteric lymph nodes of miR-7KD mice,suggesting that miR-7 might play an important role in the composition and function of lymphocytes in mesenteric lymph nodes.

7.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1173-1177, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476768

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of miR-7 knock down on the development of CD 4+SP cells in the thymus in mice,and preliminary explore its possible mechanism.Methods:The changes of volume ,weight and total cell counts of thymus in miR-7 knock down (miR-7KD) mice were observed compared with Wild-type(WT)mice;the pathological changes of thymus were observed by HE staining.FACS analysis was performed on the proportion ,as well as the expression level of CD44 and CD62L,of thymus CD4+single positive (SP) cells.Meanwhile,the proliferation percentage of CD4+SP cells was measured by Ki-67 staining.The apoptosis percentage of CD4+SP cells was analyzed by FACS.The changes on the transduction of ERK 1/2 pathways were determined by Western blot.Results:Compared with WT mice ,the size,weight and total cell number of thymus were marked reduced in miR-7KD mice( P<0.05 );moreover ,pathological change also was presented.The proportion and total cell number of thymus CD 4+SP cells were marked decreased ( P<0.05 ).Furthermore ,the expression level of CD 44 and proliferation percentage ,as well as apoptosis percentage ,of CD4+SP cells were obviously increased (P<0.05),however,the expression level of CD62L of CD4+SP cells were decreased (P<0.05). Finally,the level of total ERK1/2 and phosphor-ERK1/2 was decreased obviously ( P<0.05 ).Conclusion: miR-7 knock down can affect the development of CD 4+SP cells in the thymus , which might be closely related to the cell activation state and altered the transduction of ERK1/2 pathways.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467927

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the technical points and the clinical application of single wire-guided inverted Y-shaped tracheal stent implantation under general anesthesia in treating complex tracheal diseases. Methods During the period from January 2014 to October 2014 at authors’ hospital, a total of 6 patients with complex tracheal diseases received inverted Y-shaped tracheal stent implantation. The diseases included trachea-pleural fistula(n=1), trachea-esophageal fistula(n=2) and complex tracheal stenosis(n=3). Under general anesthesia and guided by DSA, inverted Y-shaped tracheal stent implantation was carried out in all the 6 patients. The results were analyzed. Results A total of 6 Y-shaped tracheal stents were used in the 6 patients, and single wire-guided implantation technique was employed in all procedures. In one case , the right branch of the Y-shaped tracheal stent was placed in the right upper lobe bronchus by mistake , and in the remaining 5 cases the stent implantation was successfully accomplished with single manipulation. Conclusion Under general anesthesia, Y-shaped tracheal stent implantation can effectively obstruct the trachea-pleural fistula and left main bronchus-esophageal fistula, and it can also quickly and significantly relieve the complex airway stenosis located at the tracheal carina region. This treatment is safe and reliable with satisfactory short-term effect. Moreover, single wire-guided manipulation is technically simpler, easier and faster than dual wire-guided manipulation. Therefore, this technique should be recommended in the clinical practice.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450494

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the current situation of oncology nurses' mastery of cancer pain-related knowledge and explore the correlation between the mastery of knowledge and nursing activities.Methods By convenient sampling,323 oncology nurses in four hospitals were recruited in the questionnaire study.Results Among the 40 pain-related knowledge questions assessed,the mean number of correctly answered questions was (19.33±3.96),with a range of 9 to 33,the correct answer rate for entire questionnaire was between 22.5% to 81.5%,and the pass rate of the questionnaire was 0.62 %; the score of the questionnaire had a positive correlation with pain assessment dimension and therapeutic communication and health education dimension;the self-rated score of pain-related knowledge had a positive correlation with the four dimensions; the times of nurses participating in cancer pain control study and the times of the department's cancer pain control study had a positive correlation with pain assessment dimension.Conclusions Oncology nurses did not grasp cancer pain-related knowledge well,and showed discrepancy in mastery of knowledge and nursing activities.Nursing management can strengthen nurses training in cancer pain management or increase the times of cancer pain control study to promote the implementation of cancer pain nursing activities,and to advance the quality of cancer pain nursing.

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