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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 231-240, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981000

ABSTRACT

Persistent neurogenesis exists in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the ventricles and the subgranular zone (SGZ) of the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus in the adult mammalian brain. Adult endogenous neurogenesis not only plays an important role in the normal brain function, but also has important significance in the repair and treatment of brain injury or brain diseases. This article reviews the process of adult endogenous neurogenesis and its application in the repair of traumatic brain injury (TBI) or ischemic stroke, and discusses the strategies of activating adult endogenous neurogenesis to repair brain injury and its practical significance in promoting functional recovery after brain injury.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Humans , Brain/physiopathology , Hippocampus/physiopathology , Mammals/physiology , Neurogenesis/physiology , Brain Hemorrhage, Traumatic/therapy , Ischemic Stroke/therapy , Recovery of Function , Spinal Cord/physiopathology
2.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 74-77, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959051

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics of imported malaria epidemic from overseas in Wuhan, to explore the management mechanism of on-site cases, and to accumulate experience for the treatment of imported malaria in large cities after malaria elimination. Methods The epidemiological data on imported malaria from abroad during the period of malaria elimination (2010-2019) in Wuhan were collected. The gender, age and severe illness-related factors of the cases were analyzed. Based on the characteristics of the epidemic and the current situation of prevention and control, the content and experience of the “Municipal-District 24-7” case mechanism were discussed. Results The medical resources in Wuhan were the best in the central region, resulting in a large number of imported malaria cases, with a total of 474 cases reported from 2010 to 2019 (40.79% of the total number of cases in Hubei Province), including 359 cases of falciparum malaria, 36 severe cases and one death (the death rate was 0.28%). The patients were mainly young and middle-aged men aged 20 to 49 years old (97.26%). There were many referral cases (40.30%), and there was no seasonal clustering of cases reported. The undiagnosed proportion at the first visit was 44.85%, and the time of attack-diagnosis was 4 days or more in 61.00% of cases. The occurrence of severe cases was related to unconfirmed diagnosis at the first visit (χ2=35.46, P<0.001) and attack-diagnosis time (Z=-6.49, P<0.001). Conclusion Imported malaria occurs frequently in Wuhan, mainly falciparum malaria. However, “Municipal-District 24-7” case mechanism has effectively curbed the occurrence of severe and death cases and provided valuable experience for case management in similar cities in China.

3.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 35-44, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971147

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influence of reactive oxygen species (ROS) responsive self-assembled nanomicelle loaded with pyroptosis inhibitor on full-thickness skin defects in diabetic rats. Methods: Experimental research methods were employed. A nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD) 1/2 inhibitor (NOD-IN-1) was encapsulated with nanomicelle polyethylene glycol-block-polypropylene sulfide (PEG-b-PPS), and the resulting product was called PEPS@NOD-IN-1. The morphology and hydration particle size of PEG-b-PPS and PEPS@NOD-IN-1 were observed by transmission electron microscope and particle size analyzer, respectively, and the encapsulation rate and drug loading rate of PEPS@NOD-IN-1 to NOD-IN-1 and the cumulative release rate of NOD-IN-1 by PEPS@NOD-IN-1 in phosphate buffer solution (PBS) alone and hydrogen peroxide-containing PBS within 40 h were measured and calculated by microplate reader, and the sample number was 3. Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats aged 6-7 weeks were injected with streptozotocin to induce type 1 diabetes mellitus. Six full-thickness skin defect wounds were made on the back of each rat. The injured rats were divided into PBS group, NOD-IN-1 group, PEG-b-PPS group, and PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group with corresponding treatment according to the random number table, with 6 rats in each group. The wound healing was observed on post injury day (PID) 3, 7, and 12, and the wound healing rate was calculated. The ROS levels in wound tissue were detected by immunofluorescence method on PID 3. On PID 7, the granulation tissue thickness in wound was assessed by hematoxylin-eosin staining, the mRNA expressions of NOD1 and NOD2 were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and the protein expressions of NOD1, NOD2, and GSDMD-N terminals were detected by Western blotting. Six wounds from different rats in each group were taken for detection of the above indicators. Wound tissue (3 samples per group) was taken from rats in PBS group and PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group on PID 7, and transcriptome sequencing was performed using high-throughput sequencing technology platform. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) significantly down-regulated in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group as compared with PBS group were screened, and the enrichment analysis of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) was performed. The DEG heatmap of the NOD-like receptor pathway, a pyroptosis-related pathway, was made. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis of DEGs in heatmap was performed through the STRING database to screen key genes of PEPS@NOD-IN-1 regulating the NOD-like receptor pathway. Data were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance for repeated measurement, one-way analysis of variance, and Tukey test. Results: PEG-b-PPS and PEPS@NOD-IN-1 were in spherical structures of uniform size, with hydration particle sizes of (134.2±3.3) and (143.1±2.3) nm, respectively. The encapsulation rate of PEPS@NOD-IN-1 to NOD-IN-1 was (60±5)%, and the drug loading rate was (15±3)%. The release of NOD-IN-1 from PEPS@NOD-IN-1 in PBS alone was slow, and the cumulative release rate at 40 h was only (12.4±2.3)%. The release of NOD-IN-1 from PEPS@NOD-IN-1 in hydrogen peroxide-containing PBS within 10 h was very rapid, and the cumulative release rate at 10 h reached (90.1±3.6)%. On PID 3 and 7, the wounds of rats in the four groups were gradually healed, and the healing in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group was better than that in the other three groups. On PID 12, the wound scab area in PBS group was large, the wound epithelialization in NOD-IN-1 group and PEG-b-PPS group was obvious, and the wound in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group was close to complete epithelialization. Compared with those in PBS group, NOD-IN-1 group, and PEG-b-PPS group, the wound healing rates on PID 7 and 12 in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group were significantly increased (P<0.05), the level of ROS in wound tissue on PID 3 was significantly decreased (P<0.05), the thickness of granulation tissue in wound on PID 7 was significantly thickened (P<0.05), and the mRNA expressions of NOD1 and NOD2 and the protein expressions of NOD1, NOD2, and GSDMD-N terminals in wound tissue on PID 7 were significantly decreased (P<0.05). KEGG pathway analysis showed that DEGs significantly down-regulated in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group as compared with PBS group were significantly enriched in NOD-like receptors, hypoxia-inducible factors, mitogen-activated protein kinases, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) pathways. In the DEG heatmap of NOD-like receptor pathway, the genes regulating pyroptosis mainly involved NOD1, NOD2, NOD-like receptor thermoprotein domain-related protein 3, Jun, signal transduction and transcriptional activator 1 (STAT1), TNF-α-induced protein 3. The PPI results showed that NOD1, NOD2, and STAT1 were the key genes of PEPS@NOD-IN-1 regulating the NOD-like receptor pathway. Conclusions: PEPS@NOD-IN-1 can down-regulate the level of local ROS in wounds and the expression of NOD1, NOD2, and GSDMD-N terminals, the key regulators of pyroptosis, thereby promoting the repair of full-thickness skin defect wounds in diabetic rats. PEPS@NOD-IN-1 can also significantly down-regulate the pyroptosis, inflammation, and hypoxia-related pathways of wounds, and regulate NOD-like receptor pathways by down-regulating key genes NOD1, NOD2, and STAT1.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Reactive Oxygen Species , Wound Healing , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Hydrogen Peroxide , Pyroptosis , Skin Abnormalities , Soft Tissue Injuries , NLR Proteins , Hypoxia , RNA, Messenger
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 517-524, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970488

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the clinical treatment of colorectal cancer(CRC) has made great progress, but chemoresistance is still one of the main reasons for reducing the survival rate of patients with colorectal cancer. Therefore, ameliorating chemotherapy resis-tance is an urgent problem to be solved. The purpose of this study was to investigate the regulatory role and related molecular mechanisms of hydroxysafflor yellow A(HSYA) in colorectal cancer cell proliferation, migration, and 5-fluorouracil(5-FU) chemoresistance. In this study, HCT116 and HT-29 cells were used as research subjects. Firstly, methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT) assay and colony formation assay were used to detect and analyze the effect of HSYA on the proliferation of CRC cells. Secondly, the effect of HSYA on the cell cycle in CRC cells was analyzed by cell cycle assay. Furthermore, the effect of HSYA on the migration of CRC cells was analyzed by wound-healing assay and Transwell assay. Based on the above, the influences of HSYA on 5-FU chemoresistance of CRC cells and related molecular mechanisms were explored and analyzed. The results showed that HSYA significantly inhibited the proliferation and migration of CRC cells, and arrested the cell cycle in G_0/G_1 phase. In addition, HSYA significantly ameliorated the chemoresistance of CRC cells to 5-FU. The results of acridine orange staining and Western blot showed that the autophagy activity of CRC cells in the HSYA and 5-FU combined treatment group was significantly higher than that in the 5-FU single drug treatment group. As compared with the 5-FU single drug treatment group, the phosphorylation levels of protein kinase B(Akt) and mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) in the HSYA and 5-FU combined treatment group were significantly reduced, indicating that the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway in the combined treatment group was down-regulated in CRC cells. In conclusion, HSYA may upregulate autophagy activity through the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway, thereby inhibiting the proliferation and migration of CRC cells and ameliorating the chemoresistance to 5-FU.


Subject(s)
Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Cell Line, Tumor , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Fluorouracil/pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Autophagy , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3093-3105, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982892

ABSTRACT

Deficiency of natural killer (NK) cells shows a significant impact on tumor progression and failure of immunotherapy. It is highly desirable to boost NK cell immunity by upregulating active receptors and relieving the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. Unfortunately, mobilization of NK cells is hampered by poor accumulation and short retention of drugs in tumors, thus declining antitumor efficiency. Herein, we develop an acid-switchable nanoparticle with self-adaptive aggregation property for co-delivering galunisertib and interleukin 15 (IL-15). The nanoparticles induce morphology switch by a decomposition-metal coordination cascade reaction, which provides a new methodology to trigger aggregation. It shows self-adaptive size-enlargement upon acidity, thus improving drug retention in tumor to over 120 h. The diameter of agglomerates is increased and drug release is effectively promoted following reduced pH values. The nanoparticles activate both NK cell and CD8+ T cell immunity in vivo. It significantly suppresses CT26 tumor in immune-deficient BALB/c mice, and the efficiency is further improved in immunocompetent mice, indicating that the nanoparticles can not only boost innate NK cell immunity but also adaptive T cell immunity. The approach reported here provides an innovative strategy to improve drug retention in tumors, which will enhance cancer immunotherapy by boosting NK cells.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2212-2221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981352

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of resveratrol(RES) combined with irinotecan(IRI) in the treatment of colorectal cancer(CRC). The targets of RES, IRI, and CRC were obtained from databases, and the targets of RES combined with IRI in the treatment of CRC were acquired by Venn diagram. The protein functional cluster analysis, GO and KEGG enrichment analyses were performed. In addition, the protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed. The core target genes were screened out and the target-signaling pathway network was set up. IGEMDOCK was used to dock the core target gene molecules. Besides, the relationship between the expression level of key target genes and the prognosis and immune infiltration of CRC was analyzed. Based on the in vitro cell experiment, the molecular mechanism of RES combined with IRI in the treatment of CRC was explored and analyzed. According to the results, 63 potential targets of RES combined with IRI were obtained for CRC treatment. Furthermore, cluster analysis revealed that protein functions included 23% transmembrane signal receptors, 22% protein modifying enzymes, and 14% metabolite converting enzymes. GO analysis indicated that BPs were mainly concentrated in protein autophosphorylation, CCs in receptor complex and plasma membrane, and MFs in transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase activity. Moreover, KEGG signaling pathways were mainly enriched in central carbon metabolism in cancer. The key targets of RES combined with IRI in the treatment of CRC were PIK3CA, EGFR, and IGF1R, all of which were significantly positively correlated with the immune infiltration of CRC. As shown by the molecular docking results, PIK3CA had the most stable binding with RES and IRI. Compared with the results in the control group, the proliferation ability and EGFR protein expression of CRC cells in the RES-treated group, the IRI-treated group, and the RES+IRI treated group significantly decreased. Moreover, the cell proliferation ability and EGFR protein expression level of CRC cells in the RES+IRI treated group were remarkably lower than those in the IRI-treated group. In conclusion, PIK3CA, EGFR, and IGF1R are the key targets of RES combined with IRI in CRC treatment. In addition, RES can inhibit the proliferation of CRC cells and improve IRI chemoresistance by downregulating the EGFR signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Irinotecan , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Resveratrol , Molecular Docking Simulation , ErbB Receptors/genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 115-120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004854

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To establish RH gene mRNA sequencing method based on nanopores sequencing and to explore the RHD and RHCE mRNA transcripts in D positive and Del individuals. 【Methods】 From March 2021 to May 2022, 5 RhD positive samples and 5 Del samples screened out by hospitals in Chengdu were sent to our laboratory for futher examination. The erythrocytes and buff coat were isolated, then DNA and RNA were extracted.All 10 samples were genotyped by PCR-SSP. After the mRNA was reversely transcribed into cDNA, the full-length mRNA of RHD and RHCE genes were simultaneously amplified by a pair of primers. Sanger sequencing and third-generation sequencing technology based on Nanopore were used to sequence the amplified products, and the types and expressions of different splices of RHD and RHCE gene mRNA transcripts were analyzed. 【Results】 The method established in this study can simultaneously amplify the full length transcripts of RHD and RHCE. Ten different RHD gene mRNA transcripts and nine RHCE gene mRNA transcripts were detected in 10 samples. RHD full-length transcript (RHD-201) can be detected in RhD Del type, but the expression amount was significantly lower than that in RhD positive samples. The expression amount of transcript RHD-207 (Del789) in Del samples was significantly higher than that in RhD positive samples. The transcript RHD-208 (Del8910+ 213) was only detected in RhD Del type individuals, and no significant difference was found between other RHD transcripts and all RHCE transcripts in the two phenotypes. 【Conclusion】 In this study, an analytical method for sequencing full-length transcript isomers of RHD and RHCE mRNA via the third generation was successfully established, and complex alternative splicing patterns were found in RHD and RHCE genes, providing a new method for the study of alternative splicing of blood group gene variants mRNA.

8.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 403-410, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004835

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the effects and mechanisms of different doses of fingolimod (FTY720) on non-antibody-mediated transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI). 【Methods】 A TRALI mouse model was constructed using lipopolysaccharide (LPS) pre-stimulation and platelets (Plt) of different storage days for second strike. The success of the modeling was determined by protein concentration in lung tissue homogenates, myeloperoxidase (MPo) activity, lung wet/dry weight ratio (W/D ratio), lung tissue damage score and pathological sections. Ceramide and sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) contents in platelets of different storage days were detected. FTY720 was administered 1 h after LPS injection to investigate the role of FTY720 in TRALI. The expression levels of vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin) and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) were analyzed by WB. 【Results】 Mice infused with stored 5-day Plt (d5Plt group) exhibited typical signs of TRALI, and the differences in lung tissue homogenate protein concentration (6 546.38±409.50) μg/mL, MPO activity (49.38±4.43) U/L, W/D ratio 4.79±0.21, and lung tissue damage score 7.24±0.38 from the rest of the groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). With the increase of platelet storage time, the ceramide content gradually increased and S1P content gradually decreased, and the ratio of the two was imbalanced. d5Plt showed statistically significant differences (P<0.01) in ceramide content (58.37±5.69) μmol/L and S1P content (149.81±4.86) nmol/L from the rest of the groups. After preventive administration of FTY720, 1 mg/kg FTY720 had no significant effect on TRALI mice, whose lung tissue homogenate protein concentration (6 170.26±545.50) μg/mL, MPO activity (45.97±4.79) U/L, W/D ratio 4.88±0.25, and lung tissue damage score 7.92±0.65 were significantly higher than those of the normal and LPS control groups (P<0.01). The low-dose (0.5, 0.2, and 0.1 mg/kg) FTY720 group alleviated lung injury, and its protein concentration, MPO activity, W/D ratio, and lung tissue injury score were significantly lower than those of the d5Plt group (P<0.05). Pathological sections also showed similar results. In terms of endothelial intercellular junction protein expression, the VE-cadherin expression levels in the 1 mg/kg FTY720 group were significantly lower than those in the normal and LPS control groups (P<0.05), and the VE-cadherin and ZO-1 expression levels in the low-dose (0.5, 0.2, and 0.1 mg/kg) FTY720 group were significantly higher than those in the d5Plt group (P<0.05), which tended to be normalized. 【Conclusion】 In this study, a TRALI mouse model was successfully established by one strike of LPS and two strikes of d5Plt. Low doses of FTY720 (0.5, 0.2, 0.1 mg/kg) were protective against TRALI, while high doses of FTY720 (1 mg/kg) may aggravate the symptoms of TRALI. This protective effect may be somewhat dependent on the expression of VE-cadherin and ZO-1.

9.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 885-888, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004714

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the risk factors of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI). 【Methods】 The clinical symptoms, signs, imaging examinations, and laboratory test results of two patients with TRALI after blood transfusion were retrospectively analyzed, and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genotyping of the patient and HLA antibodies typing of the plasma donors were performed. 【Results】 The clinical manifestations and laboratory parameters of two patients were consistent with those of TRALI after blood transfusion. After timely clinical respiratory support treatment, all patients were improved. Blood donors produced high titers of HLA-Ⅱ antibodies after pregnancy, including antibodies that specifically recognize the patient′s HLA antigen. 【Conclusion】 Two patients developed TRALI after platelet transfusion from a female blood donor, which was caused by HLA-Ⅱ antibodies.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 474-479, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922920

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the low-field nuclear magnetic resonance technology CPMG (Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill) echo method was used to determine the cross-linking degree and cross-linking density of crospovidone (PVPP) from different manufacturers. Based on the seven physical properties of PVPP, a fingerprint spectrum (radar chart) of twenty secondary quality indicators were obtained, and three compressibility evaluation indicators, index of the parameter (IP), index of parametric profile (IPP), index of good compression (IGC) were calculated by the fingerprint spectrum. It was found that the cross-linking degree and compressibility index IP of PVPP showed a strong correlation (r = 0.816) by the correlation analysis, indicating that the cross-linking degree is one of the key quality attributes for evaluating the compressibility of PVPP.

11.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 67-73, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920652

ABSTRACT

@#An HPLC pre-column derivatization detection method was established to detect and analyze the formaldehyde and acetaldehyde in polysorbate 80 and polysorbate 20 from different manufacturers.The effects of aldehyde and acetaldehyde on the aggregation of adalimumab under different conditions were monitored.Based on the control of genotoxic impurities and the influence on the stability of monoclonal antibody preparations, the control limits of the two chemicals were preliminarily obtained.2, 4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (2, 4-DNPH) was applied as the derivatization reagent in HPLC pre-column derivatization; acetonitrile and water were used as mobile phase to perform a gradient elution on a C8 (4.6 mm × 150 mm, 5 μm) chromatographic column.The detection wavelength was 360 nm, and the external standard method was used for quantification.Verification results showed that the method was suitable for the quantitative analysis of trace formaldehyde and acetaldehyde in polysorbate 80 and polysorbate 20 . The detection and analysis of formaldehyde or acetaldehyde in different batches of polysorbate 80 and polysorbate 20 from different manufacturers showed that the content of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde were quite different. The content of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde in polysorbate 80 were significantly higher than those of polysorbate 20. After monitoring the changes of adalimumab aggregates treated by formaldehyde and acetaldehyde by size exclusion chromatography (SEC), it was found that the effect of formaldehyde on adalimumab aggregation was significantly higher than that of acetaldehyde.According to the requirements of ICH M7 (International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use, M7: Assessment and Control of DNA Reactive (Mutagenic) Impurities in Pharmaceuticals to Limit Potential Carcinogenic Risk), the impurity limits of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde in polysorbate 80 and polysorbate 20 for monoclonal antibody preparations were calculated from the perspective of risk assessment.Combined with the influence on the aggregation stability of monoclonal antibodies, the preliminary limis for acetaldehyde and acetaldehyde were recommended to be ≤ 7 μg/g and ≤ 765 μg/g, respectively.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 582-587, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931111

ABSTRACT

During the development of visual cortex, the structure of neurons will adaptively change and adjust according to the changes of external environment, which shows structural plasticity.The experience-dependent plasticity of visual cortex is based on the structural changes of neurons, which mainly include change of synaptic connections, disappearance or increase of dendritic spines, turnover of dendritic spines, changes in the size of dendritic spines, changes in postsynaptic density and alterations of perineuronal nets.The structural changes of neurons have significant influence on the plasticity of visual cortex function and structure, and are highly associated with some molecules or non-neuronal components such as paired immunoglobulin-like receptor B, Ly-6/neurotoxin-like protein 1, Nogo, microglia and extracellular matrix and so on.In addition, external intervention factors such as abnormal visual experience and environmental enrichment can have significant impact on the regulation of the structural changes of neurons, and finally influence the development of visual function and the recovery from visual impairment.In comparison with the functional studies, studies on the structural plasticity of visual cortical neurons depend on the state-of-the-art imaging techniques at cellular or sub-cellular level with more visualizable and convincing results.The constant exploration of the structural plasticity of visual cortex will enhance our understanding of visual development-related diseases, such as amblyopia, and lay the foundation for related basic research and innovative treatments.Advances in the structural plasticity of visual cortex were reviewed in this article.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 353-363, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929299

ABSTRACT

Nucleic acid drugs are highly applicable for cancer immunotherapy with promising therapeutic effects, while targeting delivery of these drugs to disease lesions remains challenging. Cationic polymeric nanoparticles have paved the way for efficient delivery of nucleic acid drugs, and achieved stimuli-responsive disassembly in tumor microenvironment (TME). However, TME is highly heterogeneous between individuals, and most nanocarriers lack active-control over the release of loaded nucleic acid drugs, which will definitely reduce the therapeutic efficacy. Herein, we have developed a light-controllable charge-reversal nanoparticle (LCCN) with controlled release of polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid [Poly(I:C)] to treat triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) by enhanced photodynamic immunotherapy. The nanoparticles keep suitably positive charge for stable loading of Poly(I:C), while rapidly reverse to negative charge after near-infrared light irradiation to release Poly(I:C). LCCN-Poly(I:C) nanoparticles trigger effective phototoxicity and immunogenic cell death on 4T1 tumor cells, elevate antitumor immune responses and inhibit the growth of primary and abscopal 4T1 tumors in mice. The approach provides a promising strategy for controlled release of various nucleic acid-based immune modulators, which may enhance the efficacy of photodynamic immunotherapy against TNBC.

14.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 265-272, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958844

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the abnormal changes in neuroelectric activity in the primary visual cortex of rats deprived of vision in one eye and to investigate the regulatory effect of acupuncture in the sensitive period on the abnormal coding and conduction of electrical signals of rats' optic neurons.Methods: Sixty 14-day-old Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, an early-stage acupuncture group, a middle-stage acupuncture group, and a late-stage acupuncture group, with 12 rats in each group. Rats in every group except the blank group received right eyelid suturing to create a monocular deprivation model in the sensitive period of visual development (from the day rats open their eyes to the 45th day after their birth). Rats in the three acupuncture groups started to undergo acupuncture respectively on the 3rd, 12th, and 21st days after the model replication was done, with each group receiving nine-day treatment. The activity level of the neuroelectrical signal of the primary visual cortex in each group, including the latency and amplitude of P100 wave, average discharge frequency and amplitude of neurons, the power spectral density (PSD), and interspike interval (ISI), were measured by neuroelectric evaluation technology after the acupuncture treatment was finished. Results: Compared with the blank group, the latency of P100 wave in the visual center of vision-deprived eyes was significantly prolonged, and the amplitude was significantly reduced (P<0.05); the average discharge frequency and amplitude of the neurons in the visual cortex also decreased significantly (P<0.05); PSD decreased and ISI was prolonged significantly (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the abnormal electrical activity of optic neurons in the three acupuncture groups ameliorated, the latency of P100 shortened, and the amplitude of P100 increased (P<0.05), the discharge frequency and amplitude increased significantly (P<0.05), the PSD reduced, and the ISI shortened (P<0.05). In addition, among the three acupuncture groups, the early-stage acupuncture group had the best effect on various indicators. Conclusion: Abnormal electrophysiological activity is significant in the visual center of vision-deprived rats, and acupuncture treatment in the sensitive period of visual development can enhance the bioelectrical activity of visual nerve cells, improve the efficiency of optic nerve conduction, and regulate the inhibition and retardation of visual response caused by visual deprivation.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 411-415, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958800

ABSTRACT

Health service is an important part of the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta. Taking the cooperation practice between Shanghai Tenth People′s Hospital and Suzhou Yinshanhu Hospital as an example, this article introduced the multi-agent cooperation mode of the loose medical alliance including the government, urban hospitals and cross provincial grassroots medical institutions. Among them, the local government provided policy, fund guarantee and guidance, the urban hospital exported management ideas, medicine talents and technologies, and the primary hospital conducted dual training by inviting in and going out to achieve double growth. Through the high gap cooperation between tertiary hospital and primary hospital, Yinshanhu hospital had been comprehensively developed. The loose medical alliance with multi subject coordination and cross region could give full play to the advantages of the loose healthcare alliance mode, achieve multi-win, and have reference significance for promoting the regional integration of medical and health services in the Yangtze River Delta.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 289-291, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958724

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical experience of using orbital fat pedicle to correct eyebags with the tear trough and palpebromalar groove deformity.Methods:From February 2020 to May 2021, 35 patients with lower blepharoplasty combined with orbital fat-release were treated in the Facial and Neck Plastic Surgery Center of the Plastic Surgery Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, including 4 males and 31 females. Their age ranged from 35 to 63 years, with an average age of 47.5 years. Different degrees of lower eyelid skin laxity, orbital fat herniation, moderate and severe tear trough, palpebromalar groove deformity were observed in all patients. Preoperative examination showed no symptoms such as lower eyelid ectropion and lower eyelid retreat ment. All 35 patients were treated with transcutaneous incision blepharoplasty, in which the orbital septal fat was released, pulled downward and internally fixed to the appropriate position to fill the tear trough and palpebromalar groove.Results:All patients obtained primary healing, no complications such as hematoma, and infection occured. Postoperative follow-up lasted from 3 to 18 months, with an average of 8.6 months. 35 patients′ eye bags with tear trough and palpebromalar groove deformity were obviously alleviated. Unilateral mild eye bag remained in 2 patients in postoperative 1 month, and 2 cases appeared mild lower eyelid ectropion postoperatively, none of these patients received special treatment and recovered after 3 months.Conclusions:Lower blepharoplasty combined with orbital fat release can effectively repair eye bags and correct tear trough and palpebromalar groove deformity.

17.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 599-605, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986557

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the potential prognostic biomarkers of the immune-related genes signature for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods Original HCC data were downloaded from TCGA, and the immune activity of each sample was calculated by ssGSEA. HCC samples were divided into high and low immune cell infiltration groups by "GSVA" package and "hclust" package. The ESTIMATE algorithm scored the tumor microenvironment in each HCC sample. The "limma" package and Venn diagram identified effective immune-related genes. Univariate Cox, Lasso regression and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to explore key genes. The "rms" package was used to create nomograms and draw calibration curves. Results Compared with the high immune cell infiltration group, the tumor purity of the samples in the low immune cell infiltration group was higher, the immune score, ESTIMATE score and stromal score were lower. In the high immune cell infiltration group, the immune components were more abundant, and the expression levels of TIGIT, PD-L1, PD-1, LAG3, TIM-3, CTLA4 and HLA family were higher. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that four immune-related genes (S100A9, HMOX1, IL18RAP and FCER1G) were used to construct the prognosis model. Compared with other clinical features, the risk score of this prognostic model was recognized as an independent prognostic factor. Conclusion This study identified the immune-related core genes which may be used in targeted therapy and immunotherapy of HCC.

18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1151-1155, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954702

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the genetic etiology and the value of early diagnosis of early onset epileptic encephalopathy (EOEE) with unknown etiology.Methods:A total of 60 children with EOEE of unknown etiology were prospectively enrolled in the outpatient and inpatient departments of Fujian Provincial Hospital from January 2018 to January 2021.Peripheral blood was collected prospectively for whole-exome sequencing and copy number variation (CNV) detection to analyze the clinical characteristics and genetic sequencing results of the children.Results:Twenty-four patients with EOEE-related pathogenic or suspected pathogenic mutations were detected, including infantile spasms (10 cases), Dravet syndrome (3 cases), pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy (1 case) and ohtahara syndrome (1 case), and unknown epileptic encephalopathy (9 cases). The onset age of EOEE-related patients ranged from 1 day to 11 months (median age was 4.2 months), the treatment age ranged from 2 days to 4 years (median age was 10 months), and the age of diagnosis was controlled within 1 month after treatment.There were 20 cases (33.3%) single gene variants and 4 cases (6.7%) CNV variants.A total of 13 genes were involved: KCNQ2, SCN1A, SCN8A, CACNA1E, CDKL5, PPP3CA, PCDH19, TSC1, TSC2, ZEB2, ALDH7A1, DCX and HNRNPU.The 4 CNV abnormalities were 17p13.3 deletion, 11q23.3q25 deletion, 1q36.31-p36.33 deletion, 1q43-1q44 deletion and Xp22.33 duplication, respectively.Totally, 20 mutations were new loci reported for the first time at home and abroad; 11q23.3q25 deletion that resulted in infantile spasm was first reported at home and abroad.Infantile spasm caused by ZEB2 mutation and epileptic encephalopathy caused by PPP3CA gene were both reported for the first time in China. Conclusions:Gene and CNV are important potential causes of children suffering from EOEE.When the etiology is unclear, the combination of whole-exome sequencing and CNV sequencing technology can improve the diagnosis level of genetic etiology of children with EOEE.The early genetic detection of these children can early diagnose and accurately treat epilepsy.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1749-1752, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942855

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the efficacy of the first follow-up visit after daily partial or full-day occlusion of the dominant eye in patients with unilateral amblyopia and assess the maximum efficacy produced by different amounts of occlusion.METHODS: A retrospective clinical study was conducted on 135 cases of unilateral amblyopia cured in our hospital's outpatient clinic from January 2020 to December 2021. They were divided into 2h/d occlusion group, 6h/d occlusion group and all-day occlusion group according to the duration of occlusion, with fine sight training of amblyopic eyes. The effect of the first dose(baseline visual acuity-first review visual acuity), cured visual acuity, stereo vision at the first review and cure time of amblyopic eyes were recorded. The factors affecting the first dose effect in patients with unilateral amblyopia were also analyzed.RESULTS: All patients had a baseline visual acuity of 0.4(0.22, 0.52), a first follow-up visual acuity of 0.22(0.15, 0.3), a first-dose effect of 0.1(0.08, 0.18), and a visual acuity of 0(-0.08, 0.05)when amblyopia cured. The first-dose effects were 0.08(0.07, 0.12)for patients in the 2h/d occlusion group, 0.18(0.08, 0.3)for the 6h/d occlusion group, and 0.10(0.08, 0.18)for the all-day occlusion group. The most significant first-dose effect was the 6h/d occlusion group(P&#x003C;0.05); Analysis of different influencing factors showed that the highest values of the first-dose effect of 6h/d occlusion were in the 3-6 years group, 7-12 years group, female group, strabismic amblyopia group and mild to moderate group(P&#x003C;0.05); Furthermore, the first dose effect of the 6h/d occlusion was positively correlated with cure time of amblyopic eyes(rs=0.334, P=0.038). At the first follow-up, 21 cases(53.8%)had improved Titmus stereo visual acuity in the 6h/d occlusion group, which was higher than that in the 2h/d and all-day occlusion groups [16 cases(41.0%), 13 cases(22.8%), P&#x003C;0.017].CONCLUSIONS: For monocular amblyopia, the first-dose effect of 6h/d occlusion treatment was the most significant, and the recovery of stereopsis was the best.

20.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 1039-1047, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970099

ABSTRACT

Muscle spindle is the key proprioceptor in skeletal muscles and plays important roles in many physiological activities, such as maintaining posture, regulating movement and controlling speed variation. It has significant clinical relevance and is emerging as a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of motor functional impairment and metabolic diseases. In this review, we summarized muscle spindle distribution and the mechanism of mechanical signal transmission, and reviewed the research progress on morphological and structural characteristics of muscle spindles.


Subject(s)
Muscle Spindles/physiology , Muscle, Skeletal/physiology , Clinical Relevance
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