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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 474-479, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922920

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the low-field nuclear magnetic resonance technology CPMG (Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill) echo method was used to determine the cross-linking degree and cross-linking density of crospovidone (PVPP) from different manufacturers. Based on the seven physical properties of PVPP, a fingerprint spectrum (radar chart) of twenty secondary quality indicators were obtained, and three compressibility evaluation indicators, index of the parameter (IP), index of parametric profile (IPP), index of good compression (IGC) were calculated by the fingerprint spectrum. It was found that the cross-linking degree and compressibility index IP of PVPP showed a strong correlation (r = 0.816) by the correlation analysis, indicating that the cross-linking degree is one of the key quality attributes for evaluating the compressibility of PVPP.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 353-363, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929299

ABSTRACT

Nucleic acid drugs are highly applicable for cancer immunotherapy with promising therapeutic effects, while targeting delivery of these drugs to disease lesions remains challenging. Cationic polymeric nanoparticles have paved the way for efficient delivery of nucleic acid drugs, and achieved stimuli-responsive disassembly in tumor microenvironment (TME). However, TME is highly heterogeneous between individuals, and most nanocarriers lack active-control over the release of loaded nucleic acid drugs, which will definitely reduce the therapeutic efficacy. Herein, we have developed a light-controllable charge-reversal nanoparticle (LCCN) with controlled release of polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid [Poly(I:C)] to treat triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) by enhanced photodynamic immunotherapy. The nanoparticles keep suitably positive charge for stable loading of Poly(I:C), while rapidly reverse to negative charge after near-infrared light irradiation to release Poly(I:C). LCCN-Poly(I:C) nanoparticles trigger effective phototoxicity and immunogenic cell death on 4T1 tumor cells, elevate antitumor immune responses and inhibit the growth of primary and abscopal 4T1 tumors in mice. The approach provides a promising strategy for controlled release of various nucleic acid-based immune modulators, which may enhance the efficacy of photodynamic immunotherapy against TNBC.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920652

ABSTRACT

@#An HPLC pre-column derivatization detection method was established to detect and analyze the formaldehyde and acetaldehyde in polysorbate 80 and polysorbate 20 from different manufacturers.The effects of aldehyde and acetaldehyde on the aggregation of adalimumab under different conditions were monitored.Based on the control of genotoxic impurities and the influence on the stability of monoclonal antibody preparations, the control limits of the two chemicals were preliminarily obtained.2, 4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (2, 4-DNPH) was applied as the derivatization reagent in HPLC pre-column derivatization; acetonitrile and water were used as mobile phase to perform a gradient elution on a C8 (4.6 mm × 150 mm, 5 μm) chromatographic column.The detection wavelength was 360 nm, and the external standard method was used for quantification.Verification results showed that the method was suitable for the quantitative analysis of trace formaldehyde and acetaldehyde in polysorbate 80 and polysorbate 20 . The detection and analysis of formaldehyde or acetaldehyde in different batches of polysorbate 80 and polysorbate 20 from different manufacturers showed that the content of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde were quite different. The content of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde in polysorbate 80 were significantly higher than those of polysorbate 20. After monitoring the changes of adalimumab aggregates treated by formaldehyde and acetaldehyde by size exclusion chromatography (SEC), it was found that the effect of formaldehyde on adalimumab aggregation was significantly higher than that of acetaldehyde.According to the requirements of ICH M7 (International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use, M7: Assessment and Control of DNA Reactive (Mutagenic) Impurities in Pharmaceuticals to Limit Potential Carcinogenic Risk), the impurity limits of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde in polysorbate 80 and polysorbate 20 for monoclonal antibody preparations were calculated from the perspective of risk assessment.Combined with the influence on the aggregation stability of monoclonal antibodies, the preliminary limis for acetaldehyde and acetaldehyde were recommended to be ≤ 7 μg/g and ≤ 765 μg/g, respectively.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931111

ABSTRACT

During the development of visual cortex, the structure of neurons will adaptively change and adjust according to the changes of external environment, which shows structural plasticity.The experience-dependent plasticity of visual cortex is based on the structural changes of neurons, which mainly include change of synaptic connections, disappearance or increase of dendritic spines, turnover of dendritic spines, changes in the size of dendritic spines, changes in postsynaptic density and alterations of perineuronal nets.The structural changes of neurons have significant influence on the plasticity of visual cortex function and structure, and are highly associated with some molecules or non-neuronal components such as paired immunoglobulin-like receptor B, Ly-6/neurotoxin-like protein 1, Nogo, microglia and extracellular matrix and so on.In addition, external intervention factors such as abnormal visual experience and environmental enrichment can have significant impact on the regulation of the structural changes of neurons, and finally influence the development of visual function and the recovery from visual impairment.In comparison with the functional studies, studies on the structural plasticity of visual cortical neurons depend on the state-of-the-art imaging techniques at cellular or sub-cellular level with more visualizable and convincing results.The constant exploration of the structural plasticity of visual cortex will enhance our understanding of visual development-related diseases, such as amblyopia, and lay the foundation for related basic research and innovative treatments.Advances in the structural plasticity of visual cortex were reviewed in this article.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1749-1752, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942855

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the efficacy of the first follow-up visit after daily partial or full-day occlusion of the dominant eye in patients with unilateral amblyopia and assess the maximum efficacy produced by different amounts of occlusion.METHODS: A retrospective clinical study was conducted on 135 cases of unilateral amblyopia cured in our hospital's outpatient clinic from January 2020 to December 2021. They were divided into 2h/d occlusion group, 6h/d occlusion group and all-day occlusion group according to the duration of occlusion, with fine sight training of amblyopic eyes. The effect of the first dose(baseline visual acuity-first review visual acuity), cured visual acuity, stereo vision at the first review and cure time of amblyopic eyes were recorded. The factors affecting the first dose effect in patients with unilateral amblyopia were also analyzed.RESULTS: All patients had a baseline visual acuity of 0.4(0.22, 0.52), a first follow-up visual acuity of 0.22(0.15, 0.3), a first-dose effect of 0.1(0.08, 0.18), and a visual acuity of 0(-0.08, 0.05)when amblyopia cured. The first-dose effects were 0.08(0.07, 0.12)for patients in the 2h/d occlusion group, 0.18(0.08, 0.3)for the 6h/d occlusion group, and 0.10(0.08, 0.18)for the all-day occlusion group. The most significant first-dose effect was the 6h/d occlusion group(P<0.05); Analysis of different influencing factors showed that the highest values of the first-dose effect of 6h/d occlusion were in the 3-6 years group, 7-12 years group, female group, strabismic amblyopia group and mild to moderate group(P<0.05); Furthermore, the first dose effect of the 6h/d occlusion was positively correlated with cure time of amblyopic eyes(rs=0.334, P=0.038). At the first follow-up, 21 cases(53.8%)had improved Titmus stereo visual acuity in the 6h/d occlusion group, which was higher than that in the 2h/d and all-day occlusion groups [16 cases(41.0%), 13 cases(22.8%), P<0.017].CONCLUSIONS: For monocular amblyopia, the first-dose effect of 6h/d occlusion treatment was the most significant, and the recovery of stereopsis was the best.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908863

ABSTRACT

This paper introduces the informatization construction of the world's first non-military Type 3 international emergency medical team (EMT Type3), which was established by West China Hospital of Sichuan University. Based on the requirements of World Health Organization (WHO) for EMT, the team built a complete information-based emergency rescue platform from the network layout, the design of software and hardware facilities and other aspects, combined with their own circumstance, which has improved the communication ability effectively, and has passed the expert certification of the WHO smoothly.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905249

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the methods and results of human motion intention recognition based on the surface electromyography. Methods:Literatures were retrieved and reviewed from the databases of PubMed, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP until December, 2020. The experimental researches about human motion intention recognition based on surface electromyography were summarized. Results:The methods of motion intention recognition were divided into three models: musculoskeletal model, traditional machine learning model and deep learning model. Conclusion:It is difficult to fully estimate human motion intention using surface electromyography in a single way. More researches are needed to develop more accurate and real-time human motion intention recognition methods.

8.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2380-2383, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904952

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of optical trocar insertion technique in establishing pneumoperitoneum in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery after previous abdominal surgery. Methods A total of 29 patients, with a history of abdominal surgery, who planned to undergo laparoscopic liver surgery were enrolled and randomly divided into optical trocar insertion group and open approach group. The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups; the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups; the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of ranked data between groups. Results There were no procedure-related complications in either group. Compared with the open approach group, the optical trocar insertion group had a significantly shorter time required to establish pneumoperitoneum [35.00 (21.00-46.00) seconds vs 180.00 (152.50-252.50) seconds, U =0, P < 0.001] and a significantly smaller incision length [1.10(1.00-1.20) cm vs 2.80(2.45-3.00) cm, U =0, P < 0.001]. Conclusion Both optical trocar insertion and open approach for establishing pneumoperitoneum is relatively safe in patients undergoing laparoscopic liver surgery after previous abdominal surgery, while optical trocar insertion has the advantages of high efficiency and minimal invasiveness in establishing pneumoperitoneum.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2380-2383, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904902

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of optical trocar insertion technique in establishing pneumoperitoneum in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery after previous abdominal surgery. Methods A total of 29 patients, with a history of abdominal surgery, who planned to undergo laparoscopic liver surgery were enrolled and randomly divided into optical trocar insertion group and open approach group. The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups; the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups; the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of ranked data between groups. Results There were no procedure-related complications in either group. Compared with the open approach group, the optical trocar insertion group had a significantly shorter time required to establish pneumoperitoneum [35.00 (21.00-46.00) seconds vs 180.00 (152.50-252.50) seconds, U =0, P < 0.001] and a significantly smaller incision length [1.10(1.00-1.20) cm vs 2.80(2.45-3.00) cm, U =0, P < 0.001]. Conclusion Both optical trocar insertion and open approach for establishing pneumoperitoneum is relatively safe in patients undergoing laparoscopic liver surgery after previous abdominal surgery, while optical trocar insertion has the advantages of high efficiency and minimal invasiveness in establishing pneumoperitoneum.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1071-1079, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888520

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy and safety of different doses of daunorubicin combined with a standard dose of cytarabine as induction chemotherapy in newly diagnosed primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data and outcome were retrospectively analyzed in 86 newly diagnosed primary AML patients who were under 65 years old and treated with daunorubicin combined with cytarabine (DA regimen) at West China Hospital of Sichuan University from January 2017 to June 2019. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on the dose of daunorubicin they received, 35 cases in the escalated-dose group [75 mg/(m@*RESULTS@#Median follow-up time of all the patients was 15 months. The CR rate and MRD@*CONCLUSION@#The escalated dose of daunorubicin can induce higher complete remission rate, deeper remission and longer duration of remission without increasing adverse events in newly diagnosed primary AML patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Daunorubicin , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885543

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the pregnancy outcomes of fetal tethered cord (TC) prenatally diagnosed by MRI.Methods:Clinical data of 38 fetuses diagnosed as having TC by MRI, including 36 singletons and two fetuses who were both one of dichorionic diamniotic twins, were retrospectively collected and analyzed in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University from January 2015 to August 2019. According to whether conus medullaris was located above the bladder or reached the lower edge of the bladder, all cases were divided into high or low groups. Pregnancy outcomes were compared between the two groups using Fisher's exact test and Student's t-test. Results:(1) The gestational age at MRI was (25.5±4.7) weeks. Among the 38 cases, 14 (36.8%) were isolated TC, 24 (63.2%) were complicated by other anomalies. The meningocele was responsible for the most (39.5%, n=15). The results of the ultrasound were consistent with those of MRI in 24 cases (63.2%). While in the other 14 cases (36.8%), the ultrasound only showed vertebral body's abnormal morphology, after which further MRI examination revealed a tethered cord. (2) Twenty-nine women (76.3%) chose to terminate the pregnancy. One patient (2.6%) underwent fetal reduction at 23 gestational weeks (one normal twin was delivered prematurely), and one (2.6%) was lost to follow-up. Seven (18.4%) cases continued the pregnancies to delivery. The postnatal follow-up period was 8.1 months (4.0 to 54.9 months). Two infants without comorbidities showed normal growth and development. Another three cases underwent surgeries after birth, and two cases died in the neonatal period. (3) The average width of the medullary cone was (2.5±0.8) cm. There was no significant difference in the spinal cord width between the high [(2.5±0.8) cm, n=34] and low group [(2.7±1.1) cm, n=4]. Six pregnancies (17.6%) in the high group was continued to delivery, and one of the neonates died of severe hydrocephalus. One patient in the low group (1/4) was delivered, while the baby died of neonatal asphyxia. Conclusions:Fetuses with isolated TC are prone to have a good prognosis. Further study should focus on the relation between the high or low position of the conus medullaris and pregnancy outcomes.

12.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 243-249, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884160

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the electrocardiographic characteristics of left and right ventricles origin of premature ventricular contractions(PVCs) during V3 transition of precordial leads, right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) anterior septum and right coronary sinus (RCC), and RVOT middle-posterior septum and left coronary sinus (LCC).Methods:From January 2017 to September 2019, 91 patients with ventricular extrasystole of outflow tract who had V3 transition in precordial lead and had successful radiofrequency ablation in RVOT anterior septum, middle posterior septum, LCC and RCC were selected for retrospective case control study.The electrocardiography measurements of PVCs were compared between the anteroseptal RVOT group and RCC group, as well as the middle-posterior septal RVOT group and the LCC group, respectively.The measurements included the R-wave amplitude in lead Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and aVF, R amplitude ratio in leads Ⅲ to Ⅱ, Q-wave amplitude in lead aVL and aVR, Q amplitude ratio in leads aVL to aVR, R-wave and S-wave amplitude from leads V1 to V3, the V2S/V3R index, the transition zone index, and the V2 transition ratio.Results:Thirty-six cases originated from the anteroseptal RVOT, and 11 from the LCC.Lead I R-wave amplitude in anterior septal RVOT was higher than LCC group((0.22±0.25) mV vs.(-0.17±0.33) mV; P=0.003). R-wave amplitude in lead Ⅱ was lower than that in the LCC group((1.59±0.35) mV vs.(1.76±0.27) mV; P=0.035). R-wave amplitude in lead aVF was lower compared with the LCC group((1.53±0.35) mV vs.(1.78±0.39) mV; P=0.050). The V2S/V3R index showed a significant difference between these two groups(1.99±0.66 vs.0.76±0.38; P<0.001). The V2 transition ratio also appeared a significant difference between the two groups(0.69±0.43 vs.1.05±0.35; P=0.005). PVCs arose from the middle-posterior septal RVOT in 32 cases, and from the RCC in 12 cases.Compared with RCC group, lead Ⅰ R-wave amplitude showed lower ((0.25±0.31) mV vs.(0.57±0.12) mV; P<0.001); R amplitude ratio in leads Ⅲ to Ⅱ higher (0.89±0.14 vs.0.72±0.18; P=0.002); Q amplitude in lead aVL((0.72±0.24) mV vs.(0.51±0.16) mV; P=0.002)higher, and Q amplitude ratio in leads aVL to aVR higher in the middle-posterior septal RVOT(0.76±0.23 vs.0.50±0.21; P=0.002). Conclusion:Among the cases with lead V3 transition, PVCs originated from the anteroseptal RVOT show significantly different R wave in lead Ⅰ, Ⅱ, aVF, V2S/V3R index, and the V2 transition ratio compared with those from the LCC.The PVCs from the middle-posterior septal RVOT and the RCC have different R wave in lead Ⅰ, R amplitude ratio in leads Ⅱ and Ⅲ, Q amplitude ratio in leads aVL and aVR.Combined with its different characteristics, it can help to identify the origin of left and right ventricles.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911295

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein (CREB) signaling pathway in tetramethylpyrazine-induced reduction of hippocampal inflammatory responses in mice with sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE).Methods:Sixty healthy male C57BL6 mice, weighing 24-27 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=15 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group Sham), sepsis group (group Sep), tetramethylpyrazine group (group TMP) and p38 MAPK inhibitor SB203580 group (group SB). The model of SAE was established by cecal ligation and puncture in anesthetized mice.Tetramethylpyrazine 10 mg/kg was injected intraperitoneally once a day at 3 days before the establishment of the model in TMP group, and SB203580 2.0 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 30 min after the establishment of the model in SB group.The equal volume of normal saline was given intraperitoneally in Sham and Sep groups.At 1 day after operation, cognitive function was assessed by Morris water maze, and the escape latency and ratio of time spent in the target quadrant were recorded.The animals were sacrificed after the test, and hippocampal tissues were taken for determination of the contents of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and IL-6 (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and for detection of the expression of phosphorylation of p38 MAPK, GSK3 and CREB and expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) (by Western blot). Results:Compared with group Sham, the escape latency was significantly prolonged, the ratios of time spent in the target quadrant were decreased, the contents of IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6 were increased, the phosphorylation of hippocampus p38 MAPK was increased, the phosphorylation of GSK3 and CREB were decreased, and the expression of BDNF was down-regulated in Sep, TMP and SB groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group Sep, the escape latency was significantly shortened, the ratios of time spent in the target quadrant were increased, the contents of IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6 were decreased, the phosphorylation of hippocampus p38 MAPK was decreased, the phosphorylation of GSK3 and CREB were increased, and the expression of BDNF was up-regulated in TMP and SB groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group TMP, no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group SB ( P>0.05). Conclusion:p38 MAPK/CREB signaling pathway is involved in the process of tetramethylpyrazine-induced reduction of hippocampal inflammatory responses in mice with SAE.

14.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 372-376, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880283

ABSTRACT

The echinoderm microtubule associated protein-like 4 (EML4) and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) were fractured and fused to become EML4-ALK. Most of these EML4-ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients respond well to the ALK inhibitor. Many patients can benefit from drug target therapy for a long time, and some patients can achieve long-term survival of more than 7 years under the optimized treatment mode. This patient has lung adenocarcinoma positive for EML4-ALK fusion gene, but the treatment outcome is obviously different from that of other patients with lung cancer positive for EML4-ALK fusion gene. After the first to third generations of ALK inhibitor targeted therapy and chemotherapy, the disease progresses rapidly, the drug resistance time is short, the survival time is short, and the benefit is limited. The patient received targeted therapy of Crizotinib, Ceritinib and Lorlatinib successively from July 15, 2019, followed by two chemotherapy courses of Bevacizumab combined with Pemetrexed and Carboplatin. The patient died on September 10, 2020, with a survival of 15 months. At the same time, the treatment showed common adverse reactions of ALK inhibitors. This paper analyzed the therapeutic effect and treatment dilemma of this patient, and provided an exploration direction for the treatment of patients with EML4-ALK fusion gene positive lung cancer.
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15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879541

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and genetic variant in a Chinese pedigree affected with thiamine pyrophosphokinase deficiency (TPKD).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the pedigree were analyzed retrospectively and summarized from the perspectives of clinical manifestation, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and genotype. Relevant literature was also reviewed.@*RESULTS@#The proband, a female, has developed paroxysmal ataxia with dystonia at the age of 2-year-and-8-month. The ataxia has recurred for 7-8 times. The child had died at 11 years old due to recurrence and aggravation of the disease. MRI showed diffuse symmetrical lesions of brain parenchyma and spinal cord. Her brother had similar symptoms and died at 6. The parents were consanguineous but healthy. Genetic testing revealed that the girl has carried homozygous c.161C>T variants of the TPK1 gene, suggesting the diagnosis of TPKD. So far 15 cases of TPKD have been reported, among which 9 were from consanguineous marriages. The disease usually occurs before the age of 3, and most patients had featured paroxysmal encephalopathy and recurrent infections. Symmetrical celebral cortex, basal ganglia and cerebellum lesions were common. Missense mutations of the TPK1 gene were common. Vitamin B1 was effective in some cases.@*CONCLUSION@#For infants featuring encephalopathy, ataxia, dystonia and other phenotypes, early genetic testing should be recommended in order to provide guidance for clinical treatment and genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Child , China , Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , Infant , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Mutation , Pedigree , Retrospective Studies , Thiamin Pyrophosphokinase/genetics
16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4446-4454, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921520

ABSTRACT

Molecular biology is a biology course containing multiple core concepts and complex biological processes, which are organized in a strong logic. In order to help the medical students in college of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) understand the content of this professional foundation course, we integrated the mind mapping model into the three sessions of teaching this course. First, putting forward teaching questions through a "nine grids analysis" model before the class teaching; second, transforming class teaching through a "six thinking hats" model; third, reviewing teaching content through a "pyramid principle" model, which helps students develop closed-loop thinking skills. The students' understandings to the course content were enhanced by connecting, merging and diverging the relevant knowledge through thinking visualization. According to the questionnaire, 91% of the students believe that the application of mind mapping model is an effective teaching method, which improves the teaching efficiency and effect. Furthermore, 76% of the students deem this method helps them improve their thinking ability and they also try to apply this method to the study process of other courses. Therefore, the application of mind mapping model in teaching plays an important role in fostering students' high-order thinking skills and provides a new approach for college curriculum teaching.


Subject(s)
Curriculum , Humans , Molecular Biology , Students , Thinking
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912691

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the method and application experience of nasolabial subcutaneous pedicled flap in the repair of skin defect after resection of nasolabial mass.Methods:From December 2016 to December 2020, a total of 58 patients (43 cases of nevus, 12 cases of seborrheic keratosis and 3 cases of keratinacanthoma) were admitted to the Facial Neck Center of Plastic Surgery Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, including 24 males and 34 females. They ranged from 17 to 55 years old, with an average age of 33 years. The minimum facial tumor area was 0.8 cm×0.8 cmand the maximum was 2.2 cm×2.0 cm. A local skin flap with a subcutaneous pedicle was designed preoperatively in the nasolabial groove area, and the subcutaneous pedicle was transferred to the defect area through subcutaneous tunnel or by disconnecting the surrounding tissue. The tumor was removed and the skin defect was closed at one stage. Postoperative complications were summarized and patient's satisfaction was investigated.Results:Follow-up period ranged from 6 to 48 months. All the 58 patients had primary healing of the transfer incisions, and all the flaps survived. The blood supply of the flaps was good, and the scar of the operative area was smooth. After resection of peri-lip mass, there was 1 case with obvious scar in the donor area of nasolabial groove, and the overall satisfaction rate was 98.3%.Conclusions:The application of nasolabial subcutaneous pedicled skin flap to repair the skin defect after resection of nasolabial tumor has the advantages of preventing the pulling deformation of the organ, it can be completed in one stage and repair the facial skin defect from a distant position. In addition, the thickness and color of the skin flap are similar to the defect site, and the scar of the donor site is not obvious, and so the appearance and function of the surgery can be satisfied.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912675

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical effect of ultrapulse fractional CO 2 laser in the treatment of mild to moderate orbital aging in Asians. Methods:From January 2018 to December 2018, 36 patients (72 eyes) with mild to moderate orbital aging were enrolled, 22 women and 14 men, with an average age of 32.4 years. Each patient was randomly divided into two groups. In the traditional operation group, 36 eyes received blepharoplasty through traditional inferior conjunctival approach. In the ultrapulsed fractional CO 2 laser group, 36 eyesunderwent blepharoplasty through the lower eyelid conjunctival approach assisted by optoelectronics. Both groups were treated with ultrapulsed fractional CO 2 laser for periorbital aging. The operation time, detumescence time and postoperative complications were compared. At the same time, the periorbital skin relaxation was treated by the combination of the two groups. The patients were followed up for 12 months. Results:In the traditional operation group, 11 cases were evaluated as Barton grade Ⅰ preoperatively, and the efficacy score was 0.64±0.21. In 25 cases of Barton grade Ⅱ the efficacy score was 1.34±0.34. 17 cases were Barton Ⅰ in photoelectric assisted group, and the efficacy score was 0.92±0.18. In 19 cases of Barton grade Ⅱ, the efficacy score was 1.71±0.42. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups in Barton Ⅰ efficacy score, P<0.05 ( P=0.016); There was also a statistically significant difference between the two groups in efficacy score of Barton Ⅱ, P<0.05 ( P=0.039). The operation time of the photoelectric assisted group was (12.00±1.82) minutes, and the edema duration was (4.0±1.8) days. The duration of operation in the conventional surgery group was (16.00±3.75) minutes, and the duration of edema was (7.0±2.4) days. The operation time and edema duration in the photoelectric assisted group were both shorter than those in the traditional operation group, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The blepharoplasty through traditional inferior conjunctival approach assisted with ultrapulsed fractional CO 2 laser has no obvious bleeding, with shorter operation time, swelling reduction time and the number of complications than the traditional operation.This method can solve the symptoms of blepharoplasty, lower eyelid skin relaxation and wrinkles around eyes. This method is worthy of promotion in the treatment of patients with mild to moderate periorbital aging.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933653

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical outcomes and safety of haploidentical donor (HID)and HLA-matched sibling donor(MSD)hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(HSCT)for severe aplastic anemia(SAA).Methods:From January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2019, retrospective review of clinical data was performed for 75 SAA patients undergoing HSCT at Department of Hematology, Affiliated Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology.Based upon donor sources, they were divided into two groups of MSD(49 cases)and HID (26 cases). And two groups were compared with regards to hematopoietic recovery, graft-versus-host disease(GVHD)infection and overall survival(OS).Results:Time of platelet and neutrophil engraftment of two groups was comparable(11 d vs.11 d, P=0.84; 11 d vs.12 d, P=0.08). Compared with HID group, MSD group had a lower incidence of acute GVHD(46.2% vs.18.4%, P=0.01)with a comparable incidence of grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute GVHD(26.9% vs.14.3%, P=0.24), grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ acute GVHD(15.4% vs.4.1%, P=0.09)and chronic GVHD(23.9% vs.23.1 %, P=0.71). A reactivation of CMV occurred in 27(55.1%)MSD and 22(84.6%)HID recipients( P=0.01). And the incidence of EB viremia was 69.4% and 61.5% respectively.After a median follow-up period of 54.0 and 18.5 months, the estimated 3-year OS rate of MSD and HID groups were 94.0% and 88.0% respectively ( P=0.35). Conclusions:HID HSCT is an effective and relatively safe option for SAA patients, especially for those in urgent need of treatment without MSD or refractory/relapse to immunosuppressive therapy.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942420

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility of reconstruction of nasal tip with septal cartilage and auricular cartilage. Methods: From September 2018 to October 2019, 17 patients (two males and fifteen females) with low noses underwent rhinoplasty under general anesthesia. The age of the patients ranged from 19 to 39, with an average of 27 years old. Among them, all the 17 cases were primary rhinoplasty. During the operation, autologous nasal septum cartilage was used as septal extension graft to extend the caudal septum, and the auricular cartilage was used to enhance the stability of the strut and to elevate the tip for adjusting the shape of nose by making into spreader graft, columellar strut graft, derotation graft and onlay graft. The nasal dorsum was filled with polytetrafluoroethylene. Digital scanning technology was used to evaluate the nasal structure before and after operation. SPSS 22 software was used to analyze the data with paired t-test. Results: The follow-up was from 6 to 12 months, with an avaerge of 7.6 months. Seventeen patients were satisfied with postoperative nasal morphology and height. There was no infection, prosthesis displacement, skin flap necrosis, no auricle deformation and other complications. Statistical software SPSS 22 performed paired t-test on the preoperative and postoperative data obtained by digital technology: postoperative nasal length and nasal tip protrusion increased compared with that before surgery, and it was statistically significant(length:(3.60±0.77)mm, tip protrusion:(3.61±0.64)mm, t value was -19.203 and -23.132 respectively, both P<0.001). The nasolabial Angle was smaller than that before surgery, and the data were statistically significant(3.40°±2.11°,t=6.635, P<0.001). Conclusion: The nasal tip and nasal septum extension complex constructed by autogenous nasal septal cartilage combined with auricular cartilage can increase the length of nasal tip, increase the height of nasal tip and reduce the angle of nasolabial angle.


Subject(s)
Adult , Ear Cartilage , Female , Humans , Male , Nasal Cartilages/surgery , Nasal Septum/surgery , Nose/surgery , Prostheses and Implants , Rhinoplasty , Young Adult
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