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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 338-340, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923100

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the effect of sunlike spectrum LED illumination on retinal blood flow perfusion, and to explore the the correlation between sunlike spectrum LED illumination and eye health indicators in children and adolescents.@*Methods@#A randomized control double blind trial was conducted. The ordinary LED table lamp in the control group(11) and the sunlike spectrum LED table lamp in the experimental group(12) had a fitting degree of 87% and 95% with the daylighting spectrum, respectively. Two sample independent t test and multivariable linear regression model were applied to compare the changes of retinal blood perfusion before and after the trial.@*Results@#After near reading for 1 hour, the retinal capillary density in the superficial and deep layers of the subjects in the ordinary LED illumination group decreased (superficial layer: -3.05±2.04 , P <0.01; deep layer: -4.03± 4.94, P =0.02), no significant decrease was found in the sunlike spectrum LED illumination group (superficial layer: -0.59± 1.44, P =0.18; deep layer: -0.49±4.27, P =0.70). Multivariable regression analysis found that compared with ordinary LED illumination, sunlike spectrum LED illumination could significantly alleviate the decrease in capillary density in the superficial and deep retinal layers, respectively ( β =2.83, 95% CI =1.54-4.12, P <0.01; β =4.21,95% CI =0.58-7.84, P =0.02).@*Conclusion@#Sunlike spectrum LED illumination can alleviate the decrease in retinal blood perfusion caused by near work among children and adolescents, suggesting that it may delay the onset and development of myopia. Prevention and control of myopia needs to pay attention to the spectral power distribution of artificial illumination.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 188-199, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913163

ABSTRACT

The non-specific accumulation and release of drugs are the main factors affecting the therapeutic effect as well as causing toxic side effects of chemotherapeutic drugs. Nowadays, the application of nanotechnology and responsive drug release is an important strategy to improve the tumor-specific accumulation of drugs and reduce their side effects. In this study, an α-enolase targeted peptide (ETP)-modified polyethylene glycol poly-lysine block copolymer loaded with oxaliplatin prodrug was synthesized first, and then, polymer-coating Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared by phase transfer dialysis method to improve the blood circulation stability and tumor targeting of oxaliplatin. At the same time, the physicochemical properties, reductant-responsive drug release, cellular uptake, tumor targeting and other biological functions of ETP modified oxaliplatin-loaded Fe3O4 nanoparticles were studied in vitro and in vivo. First, the results of reductant-triggered drug release study showed that the drug-loaded nanoparticles could achieve rapid release of more than 80% of the prototype oxaliplatin within 3 h under the reduction conditions simulating the tumor cytoplasmic microenvironment. Secondly, the results of flow cytometry showed that the modification of ETP could increase the ratio of cellular uptake of drug-loaded nanoparticles in tumor cells, and the way that drug-loaded nanoparticles endocytosed by tumor cells were mainly through the energy-dependent and receptor protein and fossin-mediated endocytosis pathway. The animal procedures were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of School of Pharmacy of Fudan University. Moreover, the results of pharmacokinetic experiment showed that the area under the curve (AUC0-∞) of oxaliplatin could be significantly increased by nano-formulation which was about 5 times than that of free oxaliplatin. Besides, the pharmacokinetic results also showed that the drug-loaded Fe3O4 nanoparticles constructed by covalent linkage and chelation had good overall stability in vivo. Finally, the in vivo imaging results showed that ETP modification could increase tumor accumulation of drug-loaded nanoparticles, which would be conducive to the efficacy of oxaliplatin in tumor lesions. In summary, the oxaliplatin-loaded Fe3O4 nanoparticles with the capability of reductant-responsive drug release have good drug release characteristics, blood circulation stability and tumor targeting ability, and have the potential to improve the anti-tumor therapeutic effect of oxaliplatin.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1648-1666, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888826

ABSTRACT

Leading by cytotoxicity against HepG2 cells, bioactivity-guided fractionation of the EtOAc fraction from

4.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 486-494, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888741

ABSTRACT

Tocilizumab has been reported to attenuate the "cytokine storm" in COVID-19 patients. We attempted to verify the effectiveness and safety of tocilizumab therapy in COVID-19 and identify patients most likely to benefit from this treatment. We conducted a randomized, controlled, open-label multicenter trial among COVID-19 patients. The patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive either tocilizumab in addition to standard care or standard care alone. The cure rate, changes of oxygen saturation and interference, and inflammation biomarkers were observed. Thirty-three patients were randomized to the tocilizumab group, and 32 patients to the control group. The cure rate in the tocilizumab group was higher than that in the control group, but the difference was not statistically significant (94.12% vs. 87.10%, rate difference 95% CI-7.19%-21.23%, P = 0.4133). The improvement in hypoxia for the tocilizumab group was higher from day 4 onward and statistically significant from day 12 (P = 0.0359). In moderate disease patients with bilateral pulmonary lesions, the hypoxia ameliorated earlier after tocilizumab treatment, and less patients (1/12, 8.33%) needed an increase of inhaled oxygen concentration compared with the controls (4/6, 66.67%; rate difference 95% CI-99.17% to-17.50%, P = 0.0217). No severe adverse events occurred. More mild temporary adverse events were recorded in tocilizumab recipients (20/34, 58.82%) than the controls (4/31, 12.90%). Tocilizumab can improve hypoxia without unacceptable side effect profile and significant influences on the time virus load becomes negative. For patients with bilateral pulmonary lesions and elevated IL-6 levels, tocilizumab could be recommended to improve outcome.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , COVID-19/drug therapy , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 623-631, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888601

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The treatment mode of lung cancer is epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) as a first-line treatment for patients with EGFR mutant in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). At the same time programmed death receptor 1 (PD-1) and its programmed death receptor ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors therapy as the representative immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) has a significant effect in the treatment of lung cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between the expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 in NSCLC and clinicopathologic feature, EGFR gene mutation.@*METHODS@#The protein expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 was detected by immunohistochemistry from 127 patients with NSCLC and EGFR gene mutation was detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) to analyze its relation with clinicopathologic feature. Also, the correlation between protein expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 and EGFR mutation.@*RESULTS@#The PD-1 positive expression in NSCLC tumor cells and tumor infiltrating immune cells is 53.5% (68/127), PD-L1 is 57.5% (73/127). The PD-1 and PD-L1 expression significantly higher in well-differentiated and moderately-differentiated carcinoma than poorly differentiated carcinoma, I+II than III+IV in clinical staging (P<0.05). The EGFR mutation rate was 46.5% (59/127), correlate with female, without smoking history, adenocarcinoma and well-differentiated and moderately-differentiated patients respectively higher than male, smoking history, squamous carcinoma and poorly differentiated patients (P<0.05). The protein expression of PD-L1 and PD-1 had the consistency in NSCLC patients (kappa=0.107,5, P=0.487). There was a negative correlation between the EGFR mutation and PD-1 and PD-L1 expression (Φ=-0.209, Φ=-0.221, P<0.05). Follow-up of NSCLC patients, the median total survival in under the age of 65, adenocarcinoma, well-differentiated and moderately-differentiated, with PD-L1 expression patients respectively higher than over the age of 65, squamous carcinoma, poorly differentiated, without PD-L1 expression patients (P<0.05). The median survival of hypo expression patients of PD-L1 significantly higher than hyper expression patient (P=0.04).@*CONCLUSIONS@#According to the Chinese Expert Consensus on Standards of PD-L1 immunohistochemistry testing for NSCLC, we tested the PD-L1 expression in NSCLC and then the dominant population of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 treatment was screened out. Patients with EGFR mutation were also detected and EGFR mutation was negatively correlated with the expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 as well. On the basis of PD-L1 expression and EGFR mutation status, it may benefit NSCLC patients from individualized treatment. Meanwhile, patients who were under the age of 65, adenocarcinoma, well-differentiated and moderately-differentiated, hypo expression of PD-L1 have a relatively good prognosis, to provide reference for the prognosis evaluation of NSCLC.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a universal screwdriver for sealing the end of the central hole of the femoral interlocking intramedullary nail, so as to shorten the operation time of the tail cap implantation of the intramedullary nail and improve the accuracy of implantation.@*METHODS@#Total 77 patients with intertrochanteric fractures underwent femoral interlocking intramedullary nail (FIIN) surgery from June 2018 to June 2019. There were 28 males and 49 females, aged 55 to 80 (76.22± 7.32) years old, and course of disease was 20 to 40 h. All patients were divided into universal screwdriver group (39 cases) and ordinary screwdriver group (38 cases) according to whether the self-developed universal screw was applicable during the operation. The blood loss during tail cap implantation, the time of tail cap implantation, the success rate of one-time implantation, and the postoperative curative effect were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 36 months, with an average of(20.00±6.38) months. The bleeding volume and the time of tail cap implantation in the universal screwdriver group were significantly lower thanthose in the ordinary screwdriver group (@*CONCLUSION@#The universal screwdriver is easy to operate during the operation when using the cap of the femoral intramedullary nail, the operation time is shortened, the amount of bleeding is reduced, and the treatment effect is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Nails , Female , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fracture Healing , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888134

ABSTRACT

Diosgenin is widely distributed in many plants, such as Polygonatum sibiricum, Paris polyphylla, Dioscorea oppositifolia, Trigonella foenum-graecum, Costus speciosus, Tacca chantrieri, which has good anti-tumor activity and preferable effects on preventing atherosclerosis, protecting the heart, treating diabetes, etc. This review combed through the anti-tumor mechanisms of diosgenin encompassing lung, breast, gallbladder, liver, oral cavity, stomach, bladder, bone marrow, etc. Besides, it was discovered that diosgenin mainly exerts its effect by inhibiting tumor cell migration, suppressing tumor cell proliferation and growth, and inducing cell apoptosis. However, problems like low yield and bioavailability frequently exist in natural diosgenin. This review introduced methods such as structural modification, dosage form optimization and combination medication to improve the yield and anti-tumor activity of diosgenin. Via the summary of this paper, it is expected to provide theoretical basis for the rational exploitation and utilization of diosgenin.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Biological Products , Cell Proliferation , Diosgenin/pharmacology , Trigonella
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2464-2471, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886942

ABSTRACT

Depression was a complex and difficult to regulate disease, which was closely related to purinergic system and purine metabolism disorder. Although there had been studies to improve depression by regulating purinergic system, the mechanism of action was complex and needed to be sorted out. Recently, a large number of studies had found that the addition of exogenous purine metabolites adenosine, inosine and guanosine had a significant antidepressant effect, indicating that regulating the level of purine substances in purine metabolism could also improve depression, which was of great significance to the further study of the pathogenesis and treatment of depression. In view of this, this study reviewed the relationship between purinergic system or purine metabolism and depression, in order to provide a reference for the further study of the pathogenesis of depression.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886821

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the genotype and clustering characteristics of multidrug-resistant (MDR) mycobacterium tuberculosis in Wuhan City. Methods A total of 149 mycobacterium tuberculosis strains from MDR tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patients were genotyped by DTM-PCR, mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit–variable number tandem repeat typing (MIRU-VNTR) and sequencing of drug-resistant associated genes. The Hunter-Gaston discriminatory index (HGDI), clustering rate and recent minimum estimated infection rate were calculated. Results The cumulative HGDI of all MIRU loci was 0.9944. Gene locus with the highest HGDI(0.6467)was QUB11b. Combing MIRU-VNTR and DTM-PCR, 111 unique genotypes and 11 clustered genotypes(38 strains)from 149 isolates were identified. The clustering rate was 25.50%, and the recent minimum infection rate was estimated to be 18.12%. After further genotyping by sequencing of drug-resistant associated genes, the results showed that 17 (44.74%) strains in each cluster shared the same mutation sites, while the other strains had different mutation sites. Conclusion The combination of DTM-PCR, 24 locus MIRU-VNTR typing and drug resistance gene sequencing demonstrates a relatively high discriminatory power, which is suitable for the genotyping of multi drug resistant mycobacterium tuberculosis in Wuhan. The epidemic of MDR-TB in Wuhan is mainly caused by reactivation, and the recent transmission rate is not high.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885789

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the early and middle term clinical effects of mitral valve repair in children with mitral insufficiency.Methods:From January 2012 to January 2019, a total of 202 cases of children with mitral insufficiency treated by mitral valve repair were selected from the department of cardiothoracic surgery of Nanjing Children's Hospital, patients with atrioventricular septal defect, single ventricle and ischemic mitral regurgitation were excluded. Echocardiography was used to compare the preoperative and postoperative left ventricular function and degree of regurgitation in children to evaluate the early and middle term efficacy of mitral valvuloplasty.Results:There were 5 cases of early death(5/202, 2.5%) and 3 cases of late death(3/202, 1.5%). The mean follow-up time was(19.49±17.48) months(1-68 months). Postoperative echocardiography showed that the left heart function and mitral regurgitation were significantly improved.Conclusion:Mitral valvuloplasty can significantly correct mitral insufficiency in children, and it has satisfactory mid-term efficacy and good clinical value.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885076

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of vitamin K 2 on sevoflurane-induced cognitive decline in aged mice. Methods:A total of 72 SPF healthy female C57BL/6J mice, aged 12 months, weighing 20-25 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=18 each) using a random number table method: control+ corn oil group (group Con+ Oil), sevoflurane+ corn oil group (group Sevo+ Oil), control+ vitamin K 2 group (group Con+ K 2) and sevoflurane+ vitamin K 2 group (group Sevo+ K 2). The mice in Sevo+ Oil and Sevo+ K 2 groups were anesthetized with 2.5% sevoflurane+ 33% oxygen for 2 h. The mice in Con+ Oil and Con+ K 2 groups were treated with 33% oxygen only.The animals in Con+ Oil and Sevo+ Oil groups were intraperitoneally injected with corn oil 100 μl at 30 min before oxygen or sevoflurane inhalation.Vitamin K 2 (dissolved in corn oil, concentration 1 mg/ml) 100 mg/kg was injected intraperitoneally in Con+ K 2 and Sevo+ K 2 groups.At 24 h after sevoflurane inhalation, 8 mice from each group were randomly selected and sacrificed, and the hippocampal tissues were removed for determination of activity of ATPase, contents of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and the expression of AT8 and PHF1 (by Western blot). The remaining 10 mice in each group received standardized feeding, and the cognitive function was assessed using Y-maze at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 14 days after sevoflurane inhalation. Results:Compared with group Con+ Oil, the contents of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were significantly increased, expression of AT8 and PHF1 were up-regulated, activity of ATPase was decreased, and spontaneous alternation percentage was decreased at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 14 days after sevoflurane inhalation in group Sevo+ Oil ( P<0.05). Compared with group Sevo+ Oil, the contents of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were significantly decreased, expression of AT8 and PHF1 were down-regulated, activity of ATPase was increased, and spontaneous alternation percentage was increased at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 14 days in group Sevo+ K 2 ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the above indicators between group Con+ K 2 and group Sevo+ K 2 ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Vitamin K 2 can improve sevoflurane-induced cognitive decline in aged mice, the mechanism is related to increasing activity of ATPase and inhibiting the up-regulation of AT8 and PHF1 expression in hippocampus.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885056

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor/ heme oxygenase-1 (Nrf2/HO-1) signaling pathway in dexmedetomidine-induced reduction of oxygen-glucose deprivation and restoration (OGD/R) injury to microglia.Methods:BV-2 microglia were cultured in high-glucose DMEM culture medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum in an normal culture incubator at 37 ℃ (5%CO 2-21%O 2-74 %N 2). The cells were seeded in 96-well plates at a density of 1.5×10 4 cells/ml (200 μl/well) or 6-well plates at a density of 2×10 5 cells/ml (2 ml/well) and divided into 5 groups ( n=30 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), dexmedetomidine group (group D), group OGD/R, OGD/R+ dexmedetomidine group (group OGD/R+ D) and OGD/R+ dexmedetomidine+ ML385 group (group OGD/R+ D+ ML). The cells in group C were continuously cultured in a normal culture incubator for 26 h. In group D, dexmedetomidine at the final concentration of 10 μmol/L was added, cells were incubated for 2 h, and then were continuously incubated in a normal culture incubator for 26 h. In OGD/R, OGD/R+ D and OGD/R+ D+ ML groups, the culture medium was replaced with glucose-free DMEM culture medium, cells were cultured for 2 h in an incubator at 37 ℃ (5%CO 2-1%O 2-94 %N 2), the culture medium was replaced with high-glucose DMEM culture medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum and then the cells were cultured for 24 h in a normal incubator.Dexmedetomidine at the final concentration of 10 μmol/L was added at 2 h before OGD in OGD/R+ D and OGD/R+ D+ ML groups.Nrf-2 inhibitor ML385 at the final concentration of 4 μmol/L was added at 30 min before dexmedetomidine was added in group OGD/R+ D+ ML.Cells in 6 wells in each group were selected randomly for assessment of cell viability (by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay) and apoptosis (using flow cytometry), and for determination of the concentrations of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-10 in the supernatant (using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), the expression of Nrf2 in nucleus, Nrf2 and HO-1(by Western blot ) and the expression of HO-1 mRNA (by real-time polymerase chain reaction). Results:Compared with group C, the cell viability was significantly decreased, cell apoptosis rate and concentrations of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-10 in the supernatant were increased, and the expression of Nrf2 in nucleus, Nrf2, HO-1 and its mRNA was up-regulated in OGD/R and OGD/R+ D groups ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in each parameter mentioned above in group D ( P>0.05). Compared with group OGD/R, the cell viability and IL-10 in the supernatant concentration were significantly increased, cell apoptosis rate and concentrations of TNF-α and IL-6 in the supernatant were decreased and the expression of Nrf2 in nucleus, Nrf2, HO-1 and its mRNA was up-regulated in group OGD/R+ D ( P<0.05), and no significant changes were found in the parameters mentioned above in group OGD/R+ D+ ML ( P>0.05). Compared with group OGD/R+ D, the cell viability and concentration of IL-10 in the supernatant were significantly decreased, cell apoptosis rate and concentrations of TNF-α and IL-6 in the supernatant were increased and the expression of Nrf2 in nucleus, Nrf2, HO-1 and its mRNA was down-regulated in group OGD/R+ D+ ML ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which dexmedetomidine alleviates OGD/R injury to microglia may be related to promoting the activation of Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway and inhibition of inflammatory responses.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884554

ABSTRACT

Objective:To predict the dose of lumbosacral spine (LS) and pelvic bone marrow (PBM) based on kernel density estimation (KDE) in patients with gynecological tumors.Methods:Fifteen patients with gynecological tumors receiving radiotherapy plans with dose limitation for LS and PBM in our hospital were selected as training data for machine learning. Another 10 cases were selected as the data for model validation. The minimum directional distance between the dose point in the organs and the edge of the planned target volume for the LS and PBM was calculated. Model training was performed by KDE. The accuracy of the model prediction was evaluated by the root mean square error. The model was utilized to predict the actual planned doses of the LS and PBM, and a linear fitting was performed on the predicted dose volume histogram (DVH) and actual results. The prediction effect was assessed by the goodness of fit R 2. Results:In terms of the DVH parameters required by the planner, the prediction doses from the model were similar to those of the verification plans: the difference of PBM V 40Gy was 2.0%, the difference of the mean dose was 1.6 Gy, and the difference of LS V 10Gy was -0.4%. In the unrequired DVH parameters, except for the PBM V 10Gy, the predicted values of the model were significantly high. The difference between the DVH predicted by the model and the actual plan was small, and the R 2 of the LS and PBM were 0.988 and 0.995, respectively. Conclusions:The model based on KDE method can accurately predict the doses of the LS and PBM. This model can also be used as a method to ensure the quality of the plan, and improve the consistency and quality of the plan.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884177

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic performance of Xpert Mycobacterium tuberculosis/rifampin (Xpert MTB/RIF) assay for pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Methods:Clinical data of 226 patients with AIDS and suspected pulmonary TB in Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, Fudan University from July 2017 to November 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Fluorescence staining microscopy of sputum smear, BACTEC MGIT 960 liquid culture (or Roche solid culture) and Xpert MTB/RIF assay were implemented respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of Xpert MTB/RIF in the diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection and rifampin resistance were analyzed. Results:Totally 226 patients of suspected pulmonary TB were enrolled. There were 94(41.6%) patients had positive mycobacterium culture, in which 51 (54.3%) were MTB and 43 (45.7%) were nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). Using the positive MTB culture of sputum and mycobacterial protein from BCG of Rm 0.64 in electrophoresis (MPB64) as reference standard, the sensitivity and specificity of Xpert MTB/RIF assay for MTB diagnosis were 72.6%(95% confidence interval ( CI) 66.7%-78.4%) and 97.1% (95% CI 95.0%-99.3%), respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of Xpert MTB/RIF assay for MTB diagnosis in patients with positive sputum smear were 76.7%(95% CI 67.7%-85.8%) and 90.0(95% CI 83.6%-96.5%), respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of Xpert MTB/RIF assay for MTB diagnosis in patients with negative sputum smear were 50.0%(95% CI 41.8%-58.2%)and 99.3%(95% CI 97.9%-100.0%), respectively. With phenotypic resistance as reference standard, the sensitivity and specificity of Xpert MTB/RIF assay for rifampicin resistance were 75.0% and 100.0%, respectively. Conclusion:Among AIDS patients, the performance of Xpert MTB/RIF assay for pulmonary TB diagnosis is pretty good and could differentiate MTB from NTM rapidly, which has good application value.

15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1721-1727, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882143

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To i nvestigate the spectrum-effect relationship of analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of ethyl acetate extract from Zhuang medicine Stahlianthus involucratus from different habitats. METHODS :Ten batches of S. involucratus from different habitats were used as samples to investigate the anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of ethyl acetate extracts by xylene induced ear swelling test and acetic acid induced writhing test in mice. HPLC fingerprints of 10 batches of ethyl acetate extract from S. involucratus were established and their similarity was evaluated by using Similarity Evaluation System of TCM Chromatogram Fingerprint (2012 edition),and the common peaks were identified by comparison with the control. The spectrum-effect relationship of anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of ethyl acetate extract from S. involucratus were analyzed on the basis of Pearson correlation coefficient (auricle swelling degree and writhing times in 15 min as pharmacodynamic indexes )and Grey relational analysis (inhibition rate of ear swelling and analgesic rate as pharmacodynamic indexes ). RESULTS : batches of ethyl acetate extract from S. involucratus had obvious anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects ; inhibition rates of ear swelling in mice were 46.43%-55.16%,and the analgesic rates of mice were 45.56%-52.72%. A total of 18 common peaks were identified in 10 batches of samples ,andthe similarity between them and the control fingerprint was 0.994-0.997. Compared with substance control ,the pea ks 1,2 and 4 were identified as protocatechuic acid , p-hydroxy- 0771-4953513。E-mail:liangjie1101@126.com benzoic acid and p-hydroxybenzaldehyde,respectively. Results of Pearson correlation analysis showed that peak 10 and peak 18 were significantly negative correlated with auricle swelling degree and writhing times in 15 min(r were values -0.853,-0.738,P values were 0.002,0.015,respectively). Results of Gray correlation degree analysis showed that the correlation degree of 18 common peaks with inhibition rate of ear swelling and analgesic rate were all greater than 0.65;among them ,peaks 14,1(protocatechuic acid ),17,9,4(p-hydroxybenzaldehyde),2(p-hydroxybenzoic acid ), 16,7 and 6 showed the relatively high correlation degree (correlation degree >0.7);peak 1(protocatechuic acid ),17,14,9,16,2 (p-hydroxybenzoic acid )and 4(p-hydroxybenzaldehyde)showed the relatively high correlation degree (correlation degree >0.7). CONCLUSIONS:The ethyl acetate extract of S. involucratus show good anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. Peak 1 (protocatechuic acid ),2(p-hydroxybenzoic acid ),10,14,17,18 may be its main active ingredients.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1689-1695, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881558

ABSTRACT

The intestinal absorption properties of the main effective components (glycyrrhizic acid, isoliquiritigenin, 6-gingerol, ginsenoside Rb1, atractylode-I) in Lizhong decoction (LZD) extracts were investigated with an in situ single-pass intestinal perfusion model in rats. UPLC-TQ-MS was used to determine the concentration of the five components in the intestinal perfusion. Animal welfare and experimental procedures were in accordance with the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine. As evaluation indexes for the intestinal absorption characteristics, the absorption rate constant (Ka) and the apparent permeability coefficient (Peff) of the five main ingredients were analyzed. Results showed that the best absorption sites for glycyrrhizic acid, isoliquiritin and 6-gingerol were the ileum, colon and duodenum, respectively, and the differences between different intestinal segments were statistically significant (P <0.05). There was no notable difference in Ka and Peff between ginsenoside Rb1 and atractylode-I in the different intestinal segments (P > 0.05), suggesting that they were absorbed throughout. The five components were well-absorbed in the whole intestine (Peff > 1.0×10-3 cm·min-1), indicating that LZD is suitable for preparing sustained, controlled release and enteric-coated preparations.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905178

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) regulating excitability of the vagus nerve on dysphagia after stroke. Methods:From September, 2020 to February, 2021, 28 patients with dysphagia after stroke were randomly divided into control group (n = 14) and tDCS group (n = 14). Both groups accepted swallowing function training, and tDCS group received anodal tDCS over vagus nerve, while the control group received sham tDCS. They were assessed with modified Mann Assessment of Swallowing Ability (MMASA) and Australian Therapy Outcome Measures (AusTOMs)-swallowing scale before and after treatment. Results:The scores of MMASA (|t| > 5.593, P < 0.001) and AusTOMs swallowing scale (|Z| > 2.121, P < 0.05) increased in both groups after treatment, and were higher in tDCS group than in the control group (|t| = 2.439, |Z| = 2.079, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Anodal tDCS over vagus nerve may further release dysphagia after stroke.

18.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2369-2375, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904950

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features of liver injury induced by anti-tuberculosis drugs and related risk factors. Methods A total of 129 patients who were diagnosed with liver injury induced by anti-tuberculosis drugs in Shenzhen Third People's Hospital from January 2017 to December 2018 were enrolled and divided into abnormal liver function group with 51 patients (39.53%) and drug-induced liver injury (DILI) group with 78 patients (60.47%), and among these 129 patients, 13 (10.08%) had liver failure. A retrospective analysis was performed for their laboratory markers as well as treatment and prognosis data. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups; the independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups. The multivariable logistic regression model was used to investigate the risk factors for DILI and liver failure. Results There were significant differences between the DILI group and the abnormal liver function group in chronic HBV co-infection ( χ 2 =5.616, P =0.018), asymptomatic liver injury ( χ 2 =9.451, P =0.002), liver failure ( χ 2 =9.453, P =0.002), need to adjust anti-tuberculosis regimen ( χ 2 =16.787, P 8 weeks (odds ratio [ OR ]=3.94, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 1.02-15.25, P =0.047) and asymptomatic liver injury ( OR =7.64, 95% CI : 1.63-35.86, P =0.010) were independent risk factors for DILI; chronic HBV co-infection ( OR =14.42, 95% CI : 2.66-78.09, P =0.002) and time to identification of liver injury > 8 weeks ( OR =11.97, 95% CI : 2.03-70.50, P =0.006) were independent risk factors for liver failure, while albumin ≥35 g/L ( OR =0.07, 95% CI : 0.01-0.51, P =0.010) was a protective factor. Conclusion Anti-tuberculosis drugs may induce severe liver injury, and HBV co-infection, asymptomatic liver injury, long time to identification of liver injury, and low albumin level may increase the risk of severe liver injury. Regular follow-up, liver function monitoring, appropriate nutritional support, and HBV screening are important for reducing the risk of liver injury during anti-tuberculosis therapy.

19.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2369-2375, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904900

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features of liver injury induced by anti-tuberculosis drugs and related risk factors. Methods A total of 129 patients who were diagnosed with liver injury induced by anti-tuberculosis drugs in Shenzhen Third People's Hospital from January 2017 to December 2018 were enrolled and divided into abnormal liver function group with 51 patients (39.53%) and drug-induced liver injury (DILI) group with 78 patients (60.47%), and among these 129 patients, 13 (10.08%) had liver failure. A retrospective analysis was performed for their laboratory markers as well as treatment and prognosis data. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups; the independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups. The multivariable logistic regression model was used to investigate the risk factors for DILI and liver failure. Results There were significant differences between the DILI group and the abnormal liver function group in chronic HBV co-infection ( χ 2 =5.616, P =0.018), asymptomatic liver injury ( χ 2 =9.451, P =0.002), liver failure ( χ 2 =9.453, P =0.002), need to adjust anti-tuberculosis regimen ( χ 2 =16.787, P 8 weeks (odds ratio [ OR ]=3.94, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 1.02-15.25, P =0.047) and asymptomatic liver injury ( OR =7.64, 95% CI : 1.63-35.86, P =0.010) were independent risk factors for DILI; chronic HBV co-infection ( OR =14.42, 95% CI : 2.66-78.09, P =0.002) and time to identification of liver injury > 8 weeks ( OR =11.97, 95% CI : 2.03-70.50, P =0.006) were independent risk factors for liver failure, while albumin ≥35 g/L ( OR =0.07, 95% CI : 0.01-0.51, P =0.010) was a protective factor. Conclusion Anti-tuberculosis drugs may induce severe liver injury, and HBV co-infection, asymptomatic liver injury, long time to identification of liver injury, and low albumin level may increase the risk of severe liver injury. Regular follow-up, liver function monitoring, appropriate nutritional support, and HBV screening are important for reducing the risk of liver injury during anti-tuberculosis therapy.

20.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 236-244, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880264

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lung cancer is a malignant with high incidence and mortality and adenocarcinoma is among the most popular subtypes. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation is one of the most important driver mutations for lung adenocarcinoma and EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) will benefit those patients with sensitive EGFR mutations. Recently, immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy, provide a new breakthrough treatment for lung cancer patients. Whereas immunotherapy as an emerging treatment does not benefit patients with EGFR mutations, for which mechanistic studies are poorly defined and focused on the link of EGFR mutations and programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression, we speculate that the different immune microenvironment associated with the two classes of patients.@*METHODS@#Lung adenocarcinoma datasets were collected from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, and clinical information and gene expression profiles were downloaded. The immune related lymphocyte infiltration in TCGA database were generated through timer 2.0 GSEA was used to analyze the difference of pathway expression between EGFR mutant patients and wild type patients.@*RESULTS@#EGFR mutation was more frequently among women and never smokers. Immunoinfiltration analysis showed that patients with EGFR mutation tends to have more tumor associated fibroblasts, common myeloid progenitor cells, hematopoietic stem cells, effector CD4⁺ T cells and natural killer T cells infiltration, and less memory B cells, naïve B cells, plasma B cells, plasmacytoid dendritic cells, memory CD4⁺ T cells, CD4⁺ helper T cells 2, naive CD8⁺ T cells, CD8⁺ T cells and central memory CD8⁺ T cells infiltration. Moreover, patients with more infiltration of CD8⁺ T cells, natural killer T cells, memory B cells and hematopoietic stem cells, tends have better prognosis (Log-rank test, P=0.017, 0.0093, 0.018, 0.016). However, the patients with more CD4⁺ T th2 infiltration in the tumor tends to have worse prognosis (Log-rank test, P=0.016). Furthermore, the results of gene set enrichment analysis showed that compared with the lung adenocarcinoma patients with EGFR wild type, the three pathways positive regulation of natural killer (NK) cell-mediated immune response to tumor cells, NK cell activation involved in immune response, and NK cell-mediated immune response to tumor cells related to natural killer cells in patients with EGFR mutation were down regulated, while the pathway the positive regulation of cytokine secretion involved in immune response was up-regulated in EGFR mutation patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The tumour microenvironment of patients with EGFR mutations lacks potent tumour killing effector cells and appears dysfunctional with effector cells. This may be a potential reason for the poor efficacy of immunotherapy in patients with EGFR mutations.

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