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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929254

ABSTRACT

Sarglanoids A-F, six new sesquiterpenoids belonging to eudesmane (1-5) and eremophilane (6) types, were isolated from the leaves of Sarcandra glabra, a famous traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Their structures including absolute configurations were elucidated through extensive spectroscopic analysis and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Compounds 1-2 were rare N-containing eudesmane-type sesquiterpenoids. Compound 3 exhibited inhibitory activity against nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 cells with IC50 values at 20.00 ± 1.30 μmol·L-1. These findings provide scientific evidence for sesquiterpenoids as the material foundation of S. glabra.


Subject(s)
Molecular Structure , Plant Leaves , Polycyclic Sesquiterpenes , Seeds , Sesquiterpenes/pharmacology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928052

ABSTRACT

A new iridoid glycoside, cornushmf A(1) and nine known iridoids(2-10) were isolated from the water extract of the wine-processed Corni Fructus by various column chromatographies. Their chemical structures were identified by comprehensive spectroscopic methods as 7β-O-(2″-formylfuran-5″-methylene)-morroniside(1), 7-dehydrologanin(2), sweroside(3), 7β-O-methylmorroniside(4), 7α-O-methylmorroniside(5), 7β-O-ethylmorroniside(6), 7α-O-ethylmorroniside(7), cornuside(8), sarracenin(9), and loganin(10).


Subject(s)
Cornus/chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Iridoids , Wine
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879379

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare therapeutic effects of internal fixation with volar locking plate in treating extension and flexion type of distal radius fracture (DRF).@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to June 2018, 103 patients with DRF were retrospectively analyzed. According to original fracture displacement direction, patients were divided into extension fracture(Colles) group and flexion fracture (Smith) group. In Colles fracture group, there were 24 males and 44 females aged from 20 to 79 years old with an average of (59.0±13.4) years old;according to AO classification, 9 patients of type A2, 13 patients of type A3, 16 patientsof type C1, 17 patients of type C2 and 13 patients of type C3;the time from injury to operation ranged from 2 to 9 days with an average of (3.9±0.8) days. In Smith fracture group, there were 15 males and 20 females, aged from 27 to 87 years old with an average of (60.1±15.3) years old;according to AO classification, 4 patienst of A2, 7 patients of A3, 14 patients of C1, 5 patients of C2 and 5 patients of C3;the time from injury to operation ranged from 2 to 6 days with an average of (4.1±0.9) days. Operation time, fracture healing time and postoperative complications were recorded between two groups. Disabilities of arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) score at 6 and 8 weeks, 6 and 8 months were used to evaluate functional recovery of affected limbs during each follow up. Volar tilt, radial inclination and radius height were measured at 8 months after operation. Mayo score was measured at 8 months after operation to evaluate recovery of limb function.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 8 to 30 months with an average of (14.8±4.3) months, and no difference in follow up between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with Colles fracture and Smith fracture could receive good reduction and fixation through volar locking plate. The radiographic parameters of both groups recovered satisfactorily after operation. Recovery of volar tilt of Smith fracture group is better than that of Colles fracture group, and early recovery function of Colles fracture group is better than that of Smith group, but there is no significant difference in long-term wrist joint function and incidence of postoperative complications between two groups.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Plates , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Radius Fractures/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Wrist Joint , Young Adult
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888141

ABSTRACT

In view of the current inadequate standards for Gleditsiae Spina in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, this study put forward some new items of the quality standards of Gleditsiae Spina. Thin-layer chromatography(TLC) was performed for identification with the reference substance of taxifolin and the reference material of Gleditsiae Spina as the control. According to the general principles of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition, Vol. 4), the moisture, total ash content, and alcohol-soluble extract of medicinal materials and decoction pieces of Gleditsiae Spina were determined. The content determination method for medicinal materials and decoction pieces of Gleditsiae Spina was established using high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), with taxifolin as the quality control index. Based on the determination results of 30 batches of samples of Gleditsiae Spina from different habitats, the draft quality standards of Gleditsiae Spina were developed, which provided suggestions for the revision of the quality standards of Gleditsiae Spina in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control , Reference Standards
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897604

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study investigated whether adding outer-well medium to inhibit osmotic changes in culture media in a dry-type incubator improved the clinical outcomes of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) cycles. @*Methods@#In culture dishes, the osmotic changes in media (20 µL)-covered oil with or without outer-well medium (humid or dry culture conditions, respectively) were compared after 3 days of incubation in a dry-type incubator. One-step (Origio) and G1/G2 (Vitrolife) media were used. @*Results@#The osmotic changes in the dry culture condition (308 mOsm) were higher than in the humid culture conditions (285–290 mOsm) after 3 days of incubation. In day 3 IVF-ET cycles, although the pregnancy rate did not significantly differ between the dry (46.2%) and humid culture (52.2%) groups, the rates of abortion and ongoing pregnancy were significantly better in the humid culture group (2.3% and 50.2%, respectively) than in the dry culture group (8.3% and 37.8%, respectively, p<0.05). In day 5 IVF-ET cycles, the abortion rate was significantly lower in the humid culture group (2.2%) than in the dry culture group (25.0%, p<0.01), but no statistically significant difference was observed in the rates of clinical and ongoing pregnancy between the dry (50% and 25.0%, respectively) and humid culture groups (59.5% and 57.3%, respectively) because of the small number of cycles. @*Conclusion@#Hyperosmotic changes in media occurred in a dry-type incubator by evaporation, although the medium was covered with oil. These osmotic changes were efficiently inhibited by supplementation of outer-well medium, which resulted in improved pregnancy outcomes.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889900

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study investigated whether adding outer-well medium to inhibit osmotic changes in culture media in a dry-type incubator improved the clinical outcomes of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) cycles. @*Methods@#In culture dishes, the osmotic changes in media (20 µL)-covered oil with or without outer-well medium (humid or dry culture conditions, respectively) were compared after 3 days of incubation in a dry-type incubator. One-step (Origio) and G1/G2 (Vitrolife) media were used. @*Results@#The osmotic changes in the dry culture condition (308 mOsm) were higher than in the humid culture conditions (285–290 mOsm) after 3 days of incubation. In day 3 IVF-ET cycles, although the pregnancy rate did not significantly differ between the dry (46.2%) and humid culture (52.2%) groups, the rates of abortion and ongoing pregnancy were significantly better in the humid culture group (2.3% and 50.2%, respectively) than in the dry culture group (8.3% and 37.8%, respectively, p<0.05). In day 5 IVF-ET cycles, the abortion rate was significantly lower in the humid culture group (2.2%) than in the dry culture group (25.0%, p<0.01), but no statistically significant difference was observed in the rates of clinical and ongoing pregnancy between the dry (50% and 25.0%, respectively) and humid culture groups (59.5% and 57.3%, respectively) because of the small number of cycles. @*Conclusion@#Hyperosmotic changes in media occurred in a dry-type incubator by evaporation, although the medium was covered with oil. These osmotic changes were efficiently inhibited by supplementation of outer-well medium, which resulted in improved pregnancy outcomes.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710224

ABSTRACT

AIM To establish the HPLC fingerprints of Kangfuxin Liquid (extract of Periplaneta americana L.) and to determine the contents of six constituents.METHODS The analysis of this drug was performed on a TOSOH TSK-GEL ODS column (250 mm × 4.6 mm,5 μm),with the mobile phase comprising of acetonitrile-water (containing 0.07% acetic acid) flowing at 1.0 mL/min in a gradient elution manner,and the detection wavelength was set at 280 nm.RESULTS There were twenty-four common peaks in the fingerprints of ten batches of samples (Ⅰ-Ⅹ) with the similarities of 0.932-0.993 (except for sample Ⅰ).Uracil,hypoxanthine,xanthine,inosine,protocatechuic acid and Cyclo (Gly-Tyr) showed good linear relationships within the ranges of 3.460-173.0,3.960-198.0,3.596-179.8,1.338-66.9,3.672-183.6 and 3.552-177.6 μg/mL,whose average recoveries (RSDS) were99.8% (2.65%),98.0% (2.55%),99.7% (1.59%),100.7% (2.80%),102.0% (2.09%) and 99.6% (1.88%),respectively.CONCLUSION This accurate,stable and simple method can be used for the quality control of Kangfuxin Liquid.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688032

ABSTRACT

This case report focused on a patient with supraeruption of the first and second mandibular molars as a result of loss of the first and second maxillary molars for a long time. We adopted a combination of a vacuum-formed removable appliance and elastics to intrude the first and second mandibular molars by using a continuous, light force to acquire sufficient restoration space for maxillary molars. Thus, the dental-implant treatment was successful, and a good and stable occlusal relationship was established.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716902

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether fragment removal on in vitro fertilization (IVF) day 2 improved the subsequent development and pregnancy outcomes of fragmented embryos compared to similar-grade embryos without fragment removal. METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis involving 191 IVF cycles in which all embryos had over 10% fragmentation (grade 3 or 4) on day 2 of the IVF-embryo transfer cycle from March 2015 to December 2017. IVF cycles were divided into the fragment removal group (n=87) and the no fragment removal group (n=104) as a control cohort. Before fragment removal, embryos with fragmentation on day 2 were incubated in Ca2+- and Mg2+-free biopsy medium under paraffin oil for 30 minutes. Microsurgical fragment removal was performed with later-assisted hatching and a handmade suction micropipette that had an outer diameter of 30 µm. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the characteristics of the patients between the control and the fragment removal groups. After fragment removal and subsequent in vitro culture for 24 hours, the number of blastomeres (7.1±1.7 vs. 6.9±1.6) was comparable between the transferred embryos in the two groups, but the morphological grade of the embryos in the fragment removal group (1.9±0.7) was significantly higher than that of the control group (3.1±0.5, p < 0.01). The clinical pregnancy (43.7%) and implantation rates (25.8%) in the fragment removal group were significantly higher than those in the control group (28.8% and 14.0%, respectively; p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Early fragment removal on day 2 significantly improved the subsequent development and pregnancy outcomes of fragmented embryos.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Blastomeres , Cohort Studies , Embryonic Structures , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Paraffin , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Retrospective Studies , Suction
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-41411

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Correlations between semen parameters and sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) were investigated to identify characteristics of sperm without DNA damage that could be used in selecting sperm for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Pregnancy outcomes were compared to determine whether in vitro fertilization (IVF) or ICSI is a better choice for patients who have sperm with a high-DFI. METHODS: Semen analysis was carried out in 388 patients who visited our IVF center for the first time to investigate correlations between sperm DFI and semen parameters. In addition, 1,102 IVF cycles in 867 patients were carried out in the present study; 921 cycles in the low-DFI group (DFI <30%) and 181 cycles in the high-DFI group (DFI ≥30%). Both the low- and high-DFI groups were subdivided into IVF and ICSI cycle groups. RESULTS: Sperm DFI showed significant inverse correlations with sperm motility (r=−0.435, p<0.001) and morphology (r=−0.153, p<0.05). Sperm DFI also showed significant correlations with rapid motility (r=−0.436, p<0.001), and the kinetic parameters of average-path velocity (r=−0.403) and linearity (r=−0.412). Although there was no significant difference in the pregnancy rates between IVF (48.6%) and ICSI (44.8%) in the low-DFI group, the pregnancy rate of ICSI cycles (44.8%, p<0.05) was significantly higher than IVF cycles (25.0%) in the high-DFI group. No significant difference was observed in the abortion rates between the low-DFI (52 of 921, 5.6%) and high-DFI groups (7 of 181, 3.8%). CONCLUSION: ICSI is a better choice than IVF for improving the pregnancy outcomes of patients who have sperm with a high DFI.


Subject(s)
Abortion, Induced , DNA Damage , DNA Fragmentation , DNA , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Humans , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnancy Rate , Pregnancy , Semen , Semen Analysis , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-188150

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate psychological distress and fertility quality of life (FertiQoL) in infertile Korean women, and to investigate whether a correlation exists between psychological distress and FertiQoL. METHODS: Participants in this study were made up of 141 infertile women and 65 fertile women. We conducted a survey on psychological distress (using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales [DASS]-42 questionnaire) and administered a FertiQoL questionnaire. The levels of stress hormones (adrenocorticotropic hormone [ACTH] and cortisol) in serum were assessed. RESULTS: The scores for depression (13.7±8.4), anxiety (10.7±6.4), and stress (18.0±8.3) among the infertile women were significantly higher than the scores for depression (9.4±7.5), anxiety (6.6±6.0), and stress (12.2±8.3, p<0.001) among the fertile women. There was no difference in the scores for depression (13.5±8.2, 13.8±8.6), anxiety (10.0±6.2, 11.5±6.6) and stress (17.7±8.4, 18.4±8.1) between younger (≤34) and older (≥35) participants. The mind-body (r =–0.495) and emotional (r =–0.590) subscales showed a higher negative correlation with stress compared with other scales of psychological distress. At the same time, the social (r =–0.537) and relational (r =–0.385) subscales showed a higher negative correlation with depression. Levels of cortisol and ACTH in infertile women were 9.1 µg/mL and 11.9 pg/mL, respectively, which are within normal ranges. CONCLUSION: The levels of psychological distress and quality of life in infertile Korean women seem to require psychological intervention. This study provides a baseline measurement of psychological distress and FertiQoL in infertile women in Korea, which will be available for developing psychological interventions for infertile Korean women.


Subject(s)
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone , Anxiety , Depression , Female , Fertility , Humans , Hydrocortisone , Korea , Quality of Life , Reference Values , Weights and Measures
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-54502

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to investigate the correlations of the sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) with semen parameters and apoptosis, and to investigate the effects of density-gradient centrifugation (DGC) and magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) on reducing the proportion of sperm with DNA fragmentation and protamine deficiency. METHODS: Semen analysis and a sperm DNA fragmentation assay were performed to assess the correlations between semen parameters and the DFI in 458 semen samples. Sperm with progressive motility or non-apoptosis were isolated by DGC or MACS, respectively, in 29 normozoospermic semen samples. The effects of DGC or MACS alone and of DGC and MACS combined on reducing the amount of sperm in the sample with DNA fragmentation and protamine deficiency were investigated. RESULTS: The sperm DFI showed a significant correlation (r=–0.347, p<0.001) with sperm motility and morphology (r=–0.114, p<0.05) but not with other semen parameters. The DFI (11.5%±2.0%) of semen samples was significantly reduced by DGC (8.1%±4.1%) or MACS alone (7.4%±3.9%) (p<0.05). The DFI was significantly further reduced by a combination of DGC and MACS (4.1%±1.3%, p<0.05). Moreover, the combination of DGC and MACS (1.6%±1.1%, p<0.05) significantly reduced the protamine deficiency rate of semen samples compared to DGC (4.4%±3.2%) or MACS alone (3.4%±2.2%). CONCLUSION: The combination of DGC and MACS may be an effective method to isolate high-quality sperm with progressive motility, non-apoptosis, high DNA integrity, and low protamine deficiency in clinical use.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Centrifugation , Centrifugation, Density Gradient , Chromatin , DNA Fragmentation , DNA , Methods , Product Packaging , Semen , Semen Analysis , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1150-1154, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299154

ABSTRACT

In order to find the cardiotonic constituents of lateral roots of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx., the investigation was carried out. Silica gel column chromatography, Sephadex LH-20, medium-pressure MCI and reverse phase ODS column chromatography were used to separate the 90% EtOH extract of the lateral roots of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. The structures of the isolated compounds have been identified by chemical properties and spectroscopic analyses. Ten compounds were isolated and their structures were elucidated as benzoic acid-5-hydroxy-2-benzoyl-amino methyl ester (1), honokiol (2), pinoresinol (3), salicylic acid (4), p-hydroxy-cinnamic acid (5), songorine (6), karakoline (7), mesaconitine (8), hypaconitine (9) and 14-benzoylhypaconitine (10), separetely. Compound 1 is a new compound and its structure has been established by NMR, HR-ESI-MS, UV, IR and X-Ray. Compound 2-5 are isolated from the lateral roots of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. for the first time.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Chemistry , Cardiotonic Agents , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746747

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the meaning of the mutation screening, prevalence, inheritance and the intervention or the prevention for the specific drugs in 10 families with non-syndrome hearing loss in Yunnan Province, China.@*METHOD@#To do a questionnaire about the cases of ten families with non-syndrome hearing loss and to draw a detailed matriarchal family tree detailed. Following that, the A1555G mutation-positive individuals were detected and confirmed using DNA extracting, PCR amplification and sequencing for family volunteer.@*RESULT@#There are 96 members have attended the blood collection in these ten families. Thirty-six of them had the normal hearing and 60 of them had the sensory neural hearing loss. However, 4 out of those had no A1555G point mutation, and 92 had A1555G point mutation (95.8%). While 7 of those were Heterogeneity, the rest were all homogeneous mutation. There were also 73 patients who had amino glycoside antibiotic medication history. However all the rest cases had a history of amino glycoside antibiotic medication were not clear yet.@*CONCLUSION@#The proportion of patients with drug-induced deafness is high in Yunnan province and the mutation rate of mitochondrial DNA A1555G is also high. It is worthy to do DNA 12SrRNA A1555G mutation screening for drug intervention and prevention.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , China , Epidemiology , DNA Mutational Analysis , DNA, Mitochondrial , Genetics , Deafness , Epidemiology , Genetics , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pedigree , Point Mutation , RNA, Ribosomal , Genetics , Young Adult
15.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 762-764, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306343

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of denture base resin surface pretreatment with chemical etchants on microleakage and bond strength between silicone-based resilient liner and denture base resin. The initial bending strength of denture base resin after surface pretreatment was also examined.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-six polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) denture base resin blocks (30 mm × 30 mm × 2 mm) were prepared and divided into three groups: group acetone, group methyl methy acrylate (MMA) and group control. Subsequently, a 2 mm silicone-based resilient liner was applied between every two blocks. After 5000 cycles in the thermal cycler (5 and 55°C), they were immersed in the (131) I solution for 24 hours and γ-ray counts were measured. Another 36 PMMA resin blocks (30 mm × 10 mm × 7.5 mm) were prepared. The blocks were divided into three groups and treated as mentioned above. A 3 mm silicone-based resilient liner was applied between every two blocks. After 5000 thermal cycles, tensile bond strength of the sample was measured in a universal testing machine. Another 18 PMMA resin blocks (65 mm × 10 mm × 3.3 mm) were prepared. They were divided into 3 groups and treated in the same way. After an adhesive was applied, the bending strength was measured with three-piont bending test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two experimental groups showed lower microleakage (520.0 ± 562.2 and 493.5 ± 447.9) and higher tensile bond strength [(1.5 ± 0.4) and (1.4 ± 0.5) MPa] than the group control [microleakage: (1369.5 ± 590.2); tensile bond strength: (0.9 ± 0.2) MPa, P < 0.05]. There was no statistically significant difference between group acetone and MMA in microleakage and tensile bond strength (P > 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in bending strength among the three groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Treating the denture base resin surface with acetone and MMA decreased the microleakage, increased the tensile bond strength between the two materials and did not make the initial bending strength of denture base resin decline.</p>


Subject(s)
Dental Bonding , Dental Cements , Dental Materials , Denture Bases , Denture Liners , Dimethylpolysiloxanes , Humans , Materials Testing , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Silicone Elastomers , Silicones , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-115524

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore potential relationships between sperm DNA integrity and both semen parameters and clinical outcomes. METHODS: Semen analysis of 498 samples was performed according to the 2010 criteria of the World Health Organization. The sperm DNA fragmentation Index (DFI) of the semen samples was assessed using a neutral comet assay. RESULTS: Sperm DFI showed a significant correlation with semen parameters, including the patient's age, sperm viability, motility, morphology, and number of leukocytes (p or =14% group (44 cycles, 55.3%), but there was no difference in the other clinical outcomes between the two groups. In the > or =14% group, the pregnancy rates of the ICSI cycles (40.0%) and half-ICSI (44.0%) were higher than conventional IVF cycles (30.7%), but the difference was not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Along with the conventional semen analysis, the sperm DFI assessed using the comet assay was shown to improve the quality of the semen evaluation. To evaluate the precise effect of ICSI on pregnancy rates in the patients who demonstrate high sperm DFI values, further study is necessary.


Subject(s)
Comet Assay , DNA , DNA Fragmentation , Fertilization , Humans , Leukocytes , Pregnancy Rate , Semen , Semen Analysis , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Spermatozoa , World Health Organization
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760310

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the beneficial effect of fragment removal on the subsequent cell division and clinical outcome of the fragmented human embryos. METHODS: A prospective study was performed in Hanna Women's Clinic and Mizmedi Hospital. Sixty couples undergoing In vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) program were participated in the present study. The microsurgical fragment removal was performed in 106 fragmented embryos of 29 patients before the transfer. As a control group, 122 fragmented embryos of 31 patients were transferred without the fragment removal. Effects of fragment removal on morphological changes and clinical outcomes of fragmented embryos were investigated. RESULTS: Mean morphological grade (G2.79) of fragmented embryos was significantly improved after the fragment removal (G1.63, p<0.001). Most of the fragmented embryos did not show a regeneration of fragments after the fragment removal during the subsequent development, and a beneficial effect of fragment removal on the development of the fragment removed embryos was observed. Implantation and pregnancy rates of fragment removed embryos were 12.3% and 31.3%, whereas the rates of control group embryos were 6.6% and 22.5%, respectively. There was no statistical significance in the rates between the two groups because of the low number of trials. CONCLUSION: Microsurgical fragment removal improved the subsequent development as well as the morphological grade of fragmented embryos. The fragment removal may be beneficial for neighboring blastomeres by repairing the intercellular communication and removing the secretion of the potential toxic materials by fragments.


Subject(s)
Blastomeres , Cell Division , Embryonic Structures , Family Characteristics , Humans , Pregnancy Rate , Prospective Studies , Regeneration
18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1353-1358, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295973

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of hemoglobin (Hb) level during early gestation on the cognitive development of children at 4-6 years of age.Methods A total number of 3609 children were randomly selected from all the live birth infants whose mothers participated in a community intervention trial during 1993-1996 in 13 counties or cities in Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces. Hb concentration during early gestation was measured at first prenatal examination and intelligence quotients (IQ), including full-scale, verbal and performance were assessed using Chinese-Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children in 2000-2001 when these children had a mean age of 68 months. Results Compared with children whose mothers were non-anemic during early gestation, children whose mothers were anemic had a 0.6 point higher mean verbal scale IQ, a 0.9 point higher mean performance IQ and a 0.8 point higher mean full-scale IQ.These differences were not statistically significant when children' s gender, age at intelligence test,region, parity and mother' s IQ, education level and occupation were adjusted for. When mother-child pairs were divided into 5 sub-groups of every 20 percentiles according to Hb concentration during early gestation, verbal IQ scores of the lowest(Hb< 103 g/L), the moderate(110 g/L≤ Hb< 116 g/L)and the highest Hb concentration group (Hb≥124 g/L) were 91.6 ± 18.9, 92.8 ± 18.2 and 90.3 ±18.6, respectively. The performance IQ scores were 104.7 ± 15.2, 1 04.5 ± 14.3 and 103.5 ±15.1, and full-scale IQ scores were 97.8 ± 17.3,98.4 ± 16.3 and 96.4 ± 17.4, respectively. After controlling for confounding factors, children whose mothers had highest Hb concentration were 54% (OR= 1.54,95%CI:1.13-2.11)more likely to have poor verbal scores and 53% (OR= 1.53,95%CI: 1.10-2.12)more likely to have poor full-scale scores than children whose mothers had moderate -Hb concentration. No statistical associations were noticed between high -Hb concentration and performance scores, or between low Hb concentration during early gestation and verbal, performance as well as full-scale score of pre-school children. Conclusion High maternal Hb concentration during early gestation might adversely affect children' s cognitive development.

19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 506-509, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277747

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influencing factors for stunting and underweight among children aged 3-6 years in 15 counties of Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces so as to provide reference for enhancing growth level among preschool children. Methods Data was from the 183 295 records of Children Follow-up Study Project carried out by the Institute of Reproductive and Child Heath of Peking University and the records of related perinatal health care surveillance system in rural areas of 15 counties/cities of Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces. WHO-NCHS standard was used to assess the childhood physical level of growth. Data of children's birth and their mothers' perinatal health were correlated to determine influencing factors for childhood stunting and underweight. Results The average stunting rate was 7.95% and underweight rate was 1.55%. Sex, birth weight, preterm birth as well as maternal height, maternal BMI at the first prenatal visit, maternal education and occupation were significantly related to childhood stunting and underweight. Birth weight was the most important influencing factor for childhood underweight. For the groups whose birth weights were <2500 g and ≥2500 g, the rates of underweight were 7.77% and 1.46% respectively. Children with low birth weight were at higher risk for underweight (OR=3.68,95% CI: 3.11-4.37). Maternal height was the most important influencing factor for childhood stunting. For the groups whose mothers' heights were <155 cm, 155-160 cm, 160-165 cm and ≥165 cm, the stunting rates were 13.01%, 8.76%,6.21% and 4.14% respectively. Compared with the ≥165 cm group, the <155 cm group was at higher risk for stunting (OR=3.08, 95% CI: 2.82-3.37). Conclusion Birth weight and maternal height were key factors influencing the growth of children. Perinatal health care and the nutrition starus of pregnant mothers should be improved to promote the growth level of preschool children.

20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 389-393, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267364

ABSTRACT

Objective Our purpose was to evaluate the association between hemoglobin concentration (Hb) and cognitive ability of children at 4-6 years of age in 21 counties/cities in China.Methods A total number of 7331 children born during 1993-1996 were randomly selected from 21 counties or cities in Hebei,Jiangsu and Zbejiang provinces,Hb concentration of children were measured followed by three tests including full-scale,verbal and performance intelligence quotient (IQ) test performed by Chinese-Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children,one year later.Results There were a 0.7 point difference in mean verbal scale IQ(P=0.144) and a 0.9 point difference in both mean performance and full-scale IQ (P=0.055 and 0.079,respectively) between anemia and non-anemia groups.Compared with children with non-anemia,children with anemia were 1.3-fold more likely to score poorly in verbal IQ and operational IQ (95%CI:1.1-1.6,1.1-1.5,respectively) and 1 A-fold more likely to have had poor scores in full-scale IQ(95%CI:1.2-1.6) after controlled for children's gender,age at intelligence test,region,parity and mother's IQ,education level,occupation.Participants were divided into 5 sub-groups according to Hb concentration of every 20 percentile.Verbal IQ scores of the lowest(Hb<110 g/L),moderate (117 g/L≤Hb<122 g/L) and the highest Hb concentration groups (Hb≥130 g/L) were 90.6±18.1,94.0±17.6 and 91.0±16.4,respectively.Performance IQ scores were 102.2±15.7,104.6±14.8 and 100.5±14.9,respectively.Full-scale IQ scores were 95.94±17.3,99.0±16.4 and 95.2±15.6,respectively.Children with both low and high hemoglobin levels did poorly in all intelligence tests than children with moderate Hb concentration (P<0.001).After controlling for confounding factors,children with the lowest concentration were 1.4-fold more likely to have had poor verbal and performance scores than children with moderate Hb concentration (95% CI:1.1-1.7,1.1-1.8,respectively) and 1.5-fold (95% CI:1.2-1.8) more likely to have had poor full-scale scores than those with moderate Hb concentration.The association between high Hb concentration and low IQ scores disappeared in the multivariate model.Conclusion Low Hb concentration might have adversely affected children' s cognitive development.

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