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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3948-3965, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008005

ABSTRACT

Endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT) system drives various cellular processes, including endosome sorting, organelle biogenesis, vesicle transport, maintenance of plasma membrane integrity, membrane fission during cytokinesis, nuclear membrane reformation after mitosis, closure of autophagic vacuoles, and enveloped virus budding. Increasing evidence suggests that the ESCRT system can be hijacked by different family viruses for their proliferation. At different stages of the virus life cycle, viruses can interfere with or exploit ESCRT-mediated physiological processes in various ways to maximize their chance of infecting the host. In addition, many retroviral and RNA viral proteins possess "late domain" motifs, which can recruit host ESCRT subunit proteins to assist in virus endocytosis, transport, replicate, budding and efflux. Therefore, the "late domain" motifs of viruses and ESCRT subunit proteins could serve as promising drug targets in antiviral therapy. This review focuses on the composition and functions of the ESCRT system, the effects of ESCRT subunits and virus "late domain" motifs on viral replication, and the antiviral effects mediated by the ESCRT system, aiming to provide a reference for the development and utilization of antiviral drugs.


Subject(s)
Endosomal Sorting Complexes Required for Transport/metabolism , Viruses/metabolism , Protein Transport , Virus Replication , Endosomes/metabolism , Virus Release
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4147-4155, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008611

ABSTRACT

Based on the androgen receptor(AR)/mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR)signaling pathway, the effects of Xihuang Pills-medicated serum on the proliferation and apoptosis of prostate cancer LNCaP cells were investigated. The drug-containing serum of SD rats was prepared by intragastric administration of Xihuang Pills suspension. The effects of low-, medium-, and high-dose Xihuang Pills-containing serum on the in vitro proliferation of LNCaP cells were detected by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8). Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis level of LNCaP cells after intervention with different concentrations of Xihuang Pills. Protein expression of cleaved cysteinyl aspartate-specific proteinase caspase-3(cleaved caspase-3), B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), and AR as well as the phosphorylation level of mTOR protein were detected by Western blot. The results showed that compared with the blank serum, the drug-medicated serum could blunt the activity of LNCaP cells. Low-, medium-, and high-dose Xihuang Pills-containing serum could significantly increase the cell apoptosis rate, increase the expression of cleaved caspase-3 protein, decrease the expression of Bcl-2 protein, reduce the expression of AR protein, and down-regulate the level of phosphorylated mTOR(p-mTOR). To study the effect of Xihuang Pills on the growth of LNCaP cells in vivo, different doses of Xihuang Pills were used to intervene in the subcutaneous graft model in nude mice inoculated with LNCaP cells. The expression levels of AR, mTOR, p-mTOR, Bcl-2, and cleaved caspase-3 were detected by Western blot. The results showed that the volumes of subcutaneous graft tumor in the low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose Xihuang Pills groups significantly decreased compared with that in the model group. The weight of subcutaneous transplanted tumor in each group with drug intervention was significantly lower than that in the model group. Compared with the model group, the low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose Xihuang Pills groups showed increased cleaved caspase-3 protein expression, decreased Bcl-2 and AR protein expression, and reduced p-mTOR protein expression. Further experiments showed that AR agonist R1881 could block the anti-proliferation and pro-apoptotic effects of Xihuang Pills. The mechanism of Xihuang Pills against prostate cancer is related to the inhibition of the AR/mTOR signaling pathway, inhibition of LNCaP cell proliferation, and induction of apoptosis in cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Mice , Rats , Animals , Caspase 3/metabolism , Mice, Nude , Cell Line, Tumor , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Cell Proliferation , Apoptosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Mammals/metabolism
3.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1144-1149, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958634

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a single-tube one-step multiplex nested real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay for the simultaneous detection of 2019-nCoV, influenza A virus, influenza B virus and internal-control with human-derived gene.Methods:This study included 30 positive specimens for 2019-nCoV nucleic acid detection and 336 screening specimens collected from the arrivals at Guangzhou Baiyun Airport between February 2020 and February 2022. Sixty-four positive specimens of other respiratory pathogens were also collected from the arrivals at Guangzhou Baiyun Airport during the three-year period before the occurrence of COVID19 outbreak in 2020, and 7 positive viral strains of respiratory pathogens were provided by collaborative laboratories. In order to establish a set of multiplex nested real-time RT-PCR assay, a group of primers and probe combinations for a multiplex nested real-time RT-PCR was designed and screened according to a selection of nucleotide conserved regions of the ORF and N genes of 2019-nCoV and the M gene of influenza A and B viruses, while nested amplification primers and probe for the internal-control with human-derived gene were introduced. Then the prepared pseudovirus-positive quality control and sample discs were applied to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity. Clinical specimens were performed to validate the applicability of the method.Results:The results show that the established one-step multiplex nested real-time RT-PCR assay can specifically detect 2019-nCoV and influenza A and B viruses, with the limit-of-detection of about 125 copies/ml for 2019-nCoV and about 250 copies/ml for influenza A and B viruses. Totally 101 positive samples of various respiratory pathogens were detected, showing that the detection sensitivities of 2019-nCoV and influenza A and B viruses were 96.67%, 92.86% and 96.15%, respectively, with the specificity of 100%. No false-positive detection was found in the applied detection of more than 300 clinical samples.Conclusions:A one-step multiplex nested real-time RT-PCR assay for 2019-nCoV, influenza A and B viruses and human-derived gene internal-control was developed. The assay has good sensitivity and specificity and can be used for rapid screening of 2019-nCoV and influenza A and B viruses in high-volume samples.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 109-115, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932214

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy of robot-assisted percutaneous screw implantation and free-hand open screw implantation by Wiltse approach in the treatment of thoracolumbar fracture.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was performed to analyze the clinical data of 71 patients with thoracolumbar fracture admitted to Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from May 2018 to May 2020. There were 52 males and 19 females, with age range of 22-54 years[(41.0±7.8)years]. Of all, 33 patients were treated with robot-assisted percutaneous screw implantation (Group A) and 38 patients were treated with free-hand open screw implantation by Wiltse approach (Group B). Following parameters were measured, including frequency of radiation exposure, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, length of hospital stay, incidence of complications, rate of fracture healing at 3 months and 6 months postoperatively, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI) at 3 days, 3 months, 6 months postoperatively and at the last follow-up, anterior vertebral body height ratio and sagittal Cobb angle preoperatively, at 3 days postoperatively and at the last follow-up, and rate of screw implantation of grade A and B and rate of facet joint violation at 3 days postoperatively.Results:All patients were followed up for 10-24 months[(15.2±4.4)months]. Frequency of radiation exposure and operation time showed no statistical differences between the two groups (both P>0.05). Intraoperative blood loss was 100(100, 135)ml in Group A, less than 160(120, 200)ml in Group B ( P<0.01). Length of hospital stay was 8(7, 11) days in Group A, shorter than 12(10, 16)days in Group B ( P<0.01). There were no complications such as infection, spinal nerve injury or cerebrospinal fluid leakage in both group. There were no significant differences between the two groups in the rate of fracture healing at 3 and 6 months postoperatively (all P>0.05). VAS and ODI in Group A was 3(2, 4)points and 21(18, 23)points at 3 days postoperatively, lower than 4 (3, 5)points and 27(20, 32)points in Group B ( P<0.05 or 0.01), and the two groups showed no significant differences in VAS and ODI at other time points (all P>0.05). There were no significant difference in the anterior vertebral body height ratio or sagittal Cobb angle between the two groups at 3 days postoperatively and at the last follow-up (all P>0.05). Rate of screw implantation of grade A and B was 96.5% (191/198) in Group A, higher than 90.4% (206/228) in Group B ( P<0.05). Rate of facet joint violation was 4.0%(8/198) in Group A, lower than 11.8% (27/228) in Group B ( P<0.01). Conclusion:For thoracolumbar fracture, robot-assisted percutaneous screw implantation is superior to free-hand open screw implantation by Wiltse approach in terms of less bleeding, shorter hospitalization, earlier pain alleviation, higher accuracy of screw implantation and lower risk of facet joint violation.

5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 361-366, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928721

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze and compare the effects of leukapheresis on hemostatic function in patients with hyperleukocytic leukemia.@*METHODS@#A total of 139 patients with AML, ALL and CML who underwent leukapheresis from June 2009 to February 2020 and did coagulation test before and after operation were included in this study. The clearance efficiency of each group and the difference among three groups were evaluated, as well as hemostatic function including platelet counts, coagulation indicators, CDSS score and incidence of adverse events. The difference of hemostatic function caused by leukapheresis in different leukemia patients were compared.@*RESULTS@#After leukapheresis, the WBC counts were decreased significantly in the three groups of patients (P<0.001), and the clearance efficiency was highest in ALL patients. However, the platelet counts also were decreased significantly (AML:P<0.001, ALL: P<0.001, CML: P<0.01) in the three groups of patients, particularly for acute leukemia patients with a positive correlation with WBC clearance efficiency(r=0.284). After leukapheresis, fibrinogen decreased, PT and APTT prolonged. For acute leukemia patients, higher CDSS score was related to an elevated incidence of bleeding events (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Leukapheresis is an effective method to decrease the leukemic burden, but it is necessary to monitor the impact on hemostatic function. It is recommended to assess the CDSS socre for acute leukemia patients, in order to identify the predictive value for bleedings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Disease , Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Tests , Hemorrhage , Hemostatics , Leukapheresis/methods , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 298-305, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878974

ABSTRACT

The differences of the active ingredients in Dendrobium huoshanense of different growth years and their protective effects on acute liver injury were studied to provide evidence for optimizing harvest time. The contents of polysaccharides, total flavonoids and total alkaloids in D. huoshanense of different growth years were determined by UV spectrophotometry, and the contents of gigantol in D. huoshanense were determined by HPLC. C57 BL/6 mice were randomly divided into blank control group(saline), modeling group(saline), high-dose(7.5 g·kg~(-1)) and low-dose(1.25 g·kg~(-1)) groups of D. huoshanense of different growth years. Each group was intragastrically administered every day for 2 weeks. 500 mg·kg~(-1) paracetamol was injected intraperitoneally 2 h after last treatment except the control group. After 12 hours, the serum and liver tissues were collected to detect the activities of ALT and AST, and the levels of SOD and MDA. The hepatic histopathological examination was performed. The results showed that the chemical constituents of D. huo-shanense of different growth years were significantly different(P<0.05). The contents of polysaccharide and gigantol of D. huoshanense of 2 growth years were the highest. The contents of flavonoids and alkaloids of D. huoshanense of 3 growth years were the hig-hest, followed by the D. huoshanense of 2 growth years, and the lowest were that of 1 growth year. Compared with the modeling group, D. huoshanense of different growth years could decrease the activities of ALT and AST in serum. Meanwhile, the levels of MDA reduced significantly, while those of SOD increased markedly. Histopathological results suggested that all D. huoshanense samples were effective in the reduction of the necrosis of hepatocytes in different degrees. The results of the multi-component SPSS paired tests showed that polysaccharide and gigantol probably played a leading role in the liver protection effects, while D. huoshanense of 2 growth years showed the best efficacy. The optimal harvesting time of D. huoshanense is 2 growth years.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Alkaloids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Dendrobium , Liver , Polysaccharides
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1016-1024, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886977

ABSTRACT

Tumor microenvironment (TME) is a complex comprehensive system composed of immune cells, inflammatory cells, tumor-associated fibroblasts, microvessels, and various cytokines and chemokines. As the living environment of tumor cells, it's closely related to the occurrence, metastasis, and recurrence of tumors. The characteristics of tumor microenvironment include: weakly acidic environment, low oxygen, high concentration of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reducing substances, immunosuppression, etc. A weakly acidic environment favors metastasis of tumor cells, hypoxia is conducive to the emergence of drug resistance, high concentration of ROS and reducing substances are beneficial for tumor treatment, and immunosuppressiveness facilitates immune escape. With the rapid development of nanotechnology, more and more nanostructures have been reported to achieve tumor treatment by regulating the tumor microenvironment. This review summarizes recent advances in the nanostructures used to regulate tumor microenvironment through changing elements, including hydrogen-ion concentration (pH), the concentration of oxygen (O2) and reactive oxygen species, and the activity of immune cells. Moreover, research directions in the future are pointed out in this review.

8.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 405-408, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016348

ABSTRACT

Background: Colonoscopy is an important approach for the screening of colorectal cancer, however, the quality of colonoscopy is affected by a series of factors such as withdrawal time and bowel cleanliness. It is recommended that colonoscopy withdrawal time should not be less than 6 minutes. Aims: To study the relationship between withdrawal time of colonoscopy and the detection rate of colorectal polyps, which is considered as an important quality indicator for colonoscopy. Methods: A total of 2 924 cases of patients who underwent colonoscopy at the Southern Division of Shanghai Renji Hospital from September 2018 to September 2019 were enrolled in this retrospective study. Colonoscopies were performed by two experienced senior endoscopists. Patients were divided into two groups according to the presence of colorectal polyps. The gender, age, cecal insertion time, depth of insertion and withdrawal time were recorded and compared between the two groups. The influential factors for detection of colorectal polyps were analyzed by logistic regression model. Results: Of the 2 924 cases, 1 105 (37.8%) found polyps under colonoscopy. There were significant differences in gender and cecal insertion time between the two groups (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis revealed that male (OR=3.175, 95% CI: 1.596-6.317, P=0.001) and withdrawal time ≥ 5 min (OR=4.945, 95% CI: 2.037-12.005, P<0.001) were associated with detection of colorectal polyps. Conclusions: For experienced senior endoscopists, the risk-benefit balance might be achieved by controlling the colonoscopy withdrawal time within 5-6 minutes.

9.
The Korean Journal of Orthodontics ; : 145-154, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835167

ABSTRACT

Moving the mandibular posterior teeth into a severely atrophic edentulous space is a challenge. A carefully designed force-and-moment system that results in bodily protraction of the posterior teeth with balanced bone resorption and apposition is needed in such cases. This report describes the treatment of a 19-year-old woman with missing mandibular first molars due to juvenile periodontitis. Miniscrews were used as absolute anchorage during protraction of the mandibular second and third molars. Bodily mesial movement of the mandibular second and third molars was achieved over a distance of 11 to 17 mm after 39 months of orthodontic treatment.

10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 426-429, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828278

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the safety, effectiveness and consistency of "Zoning Method" foraminotomy in posterior cervical endoscopic surgery.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to October 2018, 21 patients with cervical spondylotic radiculopathy were enrolled. Endoscopic foraminotomy and nucleus pulposus enucleation were performed in the patients. There were 13 males and 8 females, aged from 35 to 56 years old with an average of (47.3±5.1) years. The surgical segment of 6 cases were C, 10 cases were C and 5 cases were C. The "Zoning Method" was proposed and used to complete the foraminotomy under endoscope, and then to perform nucleus pulposus removal and nerve root decompression. The operation length, intraoperative bleeding volume and complications were recorded, and NDI, VAS were evaluated before operation, 1 day after the operation and 1 week after the operation.@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successful. The operation length was(46.10±26.39) min, intraoperative bleeding volume was (50.10±18.25) ml, and there were no complications such as nerve injury, dural tear or vertebral artery injury. All 21 patients were followed up for 3 to 9 months, with a median of 6 months. Postoperative VAS and NDI were obvious improved (0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Endoscopic foraminotomy with "Zoning Method" is safe clinically significant, and consistent.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cervical Vertebrae , Decompression, Surgical , Foraminotomy , Neuroendoscopy , Radiculopathy , Spondylosis , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 228-231, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827812

ABSTRACT

To observe the effects of hypothermia on the repolarization duration and the expression of Kir2.1 protein of ventricular myocytes in isolated rat heart and explore the role of Kir2.1 protein. Eighteen healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups (n=6 per group): Control group (C group), 35℃ group (H group), 32℃ group (H group). Langendorff isolated heart models were established. After 15 min 37℃ K-H fluid banlanced perfusion, C group continued to perfuse the K-H solution at 37℃ for 30 minutes, H group continued to perfuse the K-H solution at 35℃ for 30 minutes, H group continued to perfuse the K-H solution at 32℃ for 30 minutes. At 15 min of balanced perfusion (T), and 30 min of continuous perfusion (T), the heart rate,and the MAP in the three layers of the left ventricular anterior wall were recorded, the action potential duration at 50% repolarization (MAPD), the action potential duration at 90% repolarization (MAPD) and transmural dispersion of repolarization(TDR) were calculated. At the same time, the occurrence of arrhythmia was recorded. The expression of Kir2.1 protein was measured by Western blot. The average optical density (AOD) and the distribution of Kir2.1 protein were measured by immunohistochemistry in the ventricular tissue measured by electrophysiology. Compared with T, the heart rate was decreased, MAPD and MAPD were prolonged significantly (P<0.05), and TDR was increased significantly (P<0.05) in H group, H group at T. Compared with C group, the HR was decreased, the MAPD was prolonged significantly (P<0.05), TDR was increased significantly (P<0.05),the expression and the AOD of Kir2.1 protein were decreased significantly (P<0.05) in Hgroup, Hgroup at T. Compared with H group, the heart rate of H group was decreased significantly (P<0.05), MAPD and MAPD were prolonged significantly (P<0.05), and TDR was increased significantly (P<0.05) at T. The distribution of Kir2.1 protein in group C was normal, while the distribution of Kir2.1 in H group and H group was disordered. Hypothermia prolonged the ventricular duration of repolarization and increased the dispersion of repolarization. The mechanism is related to the down-regulation the expression of Kir2.1 protein and the disorder of the distribution of Kir2.1 protein.

12.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 724-728, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905623

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an Internet Plus intelligent assessment and assistive technology service system. Methods:Based on International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, we used new-generation information technology to establish a system for assessment and assistive technology service, and analyze the path of achieving Internet Plus and intelligence from the elements of the National Health Coverage Health Service System. Results:The architecture of assessment and assistive technology service system was proposed. Conclusion:A new kind architecture of assessment and assistive technology service system was established by using new-generation information technology.

13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1145-1150, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774578

ABSTRACT

In order to explore endophytes diversity and difference in Dendrobium huoshanense,in this paper,the metagenomics method was used to analyze the endophytic bacteria and fungi community of 5 groups include 30 samples in different growth years. The results indicate that 3 540 bacterial OTUs were identified from D. huoshanense,and there are 138 OTUs in 5 groups simultaneously;2 168 fungal OTUs were identified,and 143 OTUs exist in 5 groups simultaneously. The dominate endophytic bacteria community are Sphingomonas sp.,Acinetobacter sp.,Burkholderia sp.,Methylobacterium sp.,Enterococcus sp.,Bacillus sp.,the difference endophytic bacteria community are Oceanobacillusd sp.,Actinomycetospora sp.,Paenibacillus sp.. The dominate endophytic fungi community are Zasmidium sp.,Zymoseptoria sp.,Alternaria sp.,Cladosporium sp.,Fusarium sp.,the difference endophytic fungi community are Cyphellophore sp.,Fusarium sp.. The results of clustering revealed that both the endophytic bacteria and the endophytic fungi,ⅢY2 and ⅢY3 are complete clustered,and ⅡY1 and ⅢY1 are also cluster completely. These enriched the species and resources of endophytic bacteria and fungi in D. huoshanense,and provided a theoretical reference for the reasonable harvest of D. huoshanense.


Subject(s)
Ascomycota , Bacteria , Dendrobium , Endophytes , Fungi , Fusarium , Phylogeny
14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 272-276, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745583

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the clinical characteristics of adrenal metastases,and summarize the experience of diagnosis and treatment.Methods From January 2008 to June 2018,the clinical data of 55 patients with adrenal metastases treated in our hospital were analyzed retrospectively.This study included 34 male patients and 21 female patients and the median age was 60 years old (ranged 55 to 84 years old).The median value of maximum diameter of adrenal metastases was 3 cm (ranged 1.9 to 10.3 cm);with 35 cases on the left side,13 cases right and 7 cases bilateral.The primary sites of malignant tumors were pancreas (18 cases,32.7%),lung (12 cases,21.8%),liver (6 cases,10.9%) and colorectum (6 cases,10.9%),respectively.Thirty-four cases were confirmed by pathology after adrenalectomy and 21 cases were confirmed by needle biopsy.Thirty cases were diagnosed synchronously with the primary tumor and 25 cases were metachronous.The median time from diagnosis of primary tumors was 13.3 months (ranged 2.0 to 97.4 months).42 cases of these 55 cases were diagnosed within one year.Treatment options for adrenal metastatic lesions included single adrenalectomy in 18 cases,adrenalectomy combined with radiotherapy 16 cases,single intravenous chemotherapy 10 cases,intravenous chemotherapy combined with non-operative treatment 10 cases and single radiotherapy 1 case.Results The main pathological types were adenocarcinoma (19 cases,34.5%),ductal adenocarcinoma (10 cases,18.2%),hepatocellular carcinoma (6 cases,10.9%) and clear cell carcinoma (4 cases,7.3%).Two cases were lost follow-up and the follow-up rate was 96%,the median follow-up time was 8 months (ranged 1 to 135 months).The median overall survival (OS) time of 55 patients was 5.3 months (ranged 1 to 134 months).The one-year survival rate was 23.6% (13/55),the two-year survival rate was 12.7% (7/55),the three-year survival rate was 9.1% (5/55) and the five-year survival rate was 1.8% (1/55).Conclusions Pancreatic cancer was the most common type of malignant tumor for adrenal metastases in our hospital.Most primary tumors and adrenal metastases were diagnosed synchronously or within one year.Comprehensive treatment with retroperitoneal adrenalectomy may improve the OS,however the overall prognosis is poor.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 138-143, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778673

ABSTRACT

Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) combined with chemometrics can achieve rapid detection in process analysis. After variable selection, the redundant information is effectively removed and the characteristic variables related to the response values are selected. Compared with global model, the complexity is significantly reduced and the prediction accuracy is also improved. In this study, near-infrared spectroscopy analysis combined with different variable selection methods was applied to achieve the rapid detection of baicalin in the extraction process of Scutellaria baicalensis. Data sets were divided based on sample set portioning based on joint x-y distance (SPXY) method. Competitive adaptive weighted resampling method (CARS), random frog (RF) and successive projections algorithm (SPA) were applied to variable selection. Partial least squares (PLS) models were constructed based on above three methods, and the prediction results were compared. After CARS, RF and SPA method, 92, 10 and 17 variables were screened out respectively. According to the performance of the models, CARS method is found to be more effective and suitable than RF and SPA. Furthermore, the characteristic variables selected by CARS method have a better correspondence with the chemical structure of baicalin. The root mean square error (RMSEC) of the calibration set and the root mean square error (RMSEP) of the prediction set are 0.528 2 and 0.720 2 respectively. Compared with the global PLS model, the correlation coefficient of the calibration set (Rc) is increased to 0.979 9 from 0.917 0, and the relative standard errors of prediction (RSEP) is reduced to 5.59% from 10.58%.

16.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 539-543, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773882

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical outcomes of microfracture and autogenous osteochondral mosaic transplantation in the treatment of knee joint cartilage injury.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 71 patients with articular cartilage defects on the femoral condyles who were by autogenous osteochondral mosaic transplantation or microfracture from February 2011 to February 2016, and these patients were followed up for at least 2 years. According to the sugical procedures, the patients were divided into two groups. In the microfracture group, there were 33 patients, 20 males and 13 females, with a mean age of(28.1±4.2) years old; in the mosaicplasty group, there were 38 patients, 26 males and 12 females, with a mean age of(27.8±3.5) years old. The Lysholm knee score, Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) knee score and the Ahlbäck classification grade were recorded to evaluate the clinical efficacy. Complications were also recorded.@*RESULTS@#The mean Lysholm scores of the microfracture group and the mosaicplasty group improved from 62.9±6.8 and 60.3±7.5 preoperatively to 77.0±5.4 and 85.8±5.6 post-operatively, respectively(<0.05). Mean HSS scores of the microfracture group and the mosaicplasty group improved from 81.5±7.6 and 79.6±8.6 preoperatively to 88.0±4.7 and 91.9±4.7 post-operatively, respectively(<0.05). The mean Lysholm score and HSS score were significantly higher in the mosaicplasty group than those in the microfracture group at the latest follow-up. One patient in the mosaicplasty group suffered superficial wound infection. During the follow-up, no knee osteoarthritis was observed in two groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Autogenous osteochondral mosaicplasty and microfracture are proved to be safe and effective procedures for knee articular cartilage defects. However, the mosaicplasty has better clinical outcome than the microfracture.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Cartilage, Articular , Follow-Up Studies , Fractures, Stress , Knee Joint , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1678-1681, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775666

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the diagnostic value of (1, 3) -β-D-glucan and galactomannan (GM) tests in the patients with acute leukemia complicated by invasive fungal disease, and explore the application of serological detection (G/GM) and lung CT for early diagnosis of invasive fungal disease (IFD).@*METHODS@#A total of 493 patients with acute leukemia complicated by high risk invasive fungal infection, also receival G and GM tests, in Department of hematology of our hospital from June 2016 to December 2016 were selected and were divided into IFD-confirmed group (62 cases) including confirmed and clinical diagnesed IFD, and IFD-unconfirmed group (431 cases) including suspected IFD and non-IFD according to the diagnostic criteria of IFD. The results of G and GM tests in patients of 2 groups were analyzed, then the diagnostic efficacy of G and GM done and combination evaluated. In addition, 26 patients whose lung CT negative at hospitalization, moreover, presentation of changes in lung by CT during hospitalization and serological G and GM test positive were selected, and the difference of time between serological that postive and presentation of changes in lung by CT were compared for the estimation of early diagnotic value.@*RESULTS@#The positive rate of (1, 3) -β-D-glucan in IFD-confirmed group and IFD-unconfirmed group was 56.5% and 10.4%, respectively. Meanwhile, that of galactomannan test was 41.9% and 9.0%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of (1, 3) -β-D-glucan was 56%, 90%, 44% and 92%, and that of galactomannan was 42%、91%、40% and 93%, respectively. Moreover, the combination of (1, 3) -β-D-glucan and galactomannan could raise the sensitivity to 69% and specificity to 98%. The positive results of serological detection (G/GM) come earlier about five days than CT changes.@*CONCLUSION@#Both (1, 3) -β-D-glucan and galactomannan test have high sensitivity and specificity, and the combination of them can improve the diagnostic efficacy, and make the clinical antifungal therapy more precisely. In the early clinical diagnosis of IFD, the positive results of serological detection coming earlier than lung CT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Invasive Fungal Infections , Diagnosis , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mannans
18.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 217-221, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703842

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognosis of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) supported primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) between very elderly (age ≥ 80 years) and elderly (age < 80 years) patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: A total of 288 STEMI patients received IABP supported PPCI in our hospital from 2004-01 to 2015-12 were retrospectively studied. Clinical condition, coronary angiography and follow-up data were analyzed; the patients with pre-operative cardiac shock, mechanical complication and non ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome were excluded. Eligible patients were divided into 2 groups: Very elderly group, n=51 and Elderly group, n=237. Major adverse cardiac and cerebral events (MACCE) as death, cardiac shock, new or worsen heart failure, re-MI and stroke were studied at 1 month and 1, 2 years after PPCI. Independent predictors for MACCE occurrence were investigated by Cox proportional hazard model analysis.Results: Compared with Elderly group, Very elderly group had increased incidence of MACCE at 1 month after PPCI (41.2% vs 24.5%), P=0.029 and obviously elevated incidence of stroke (9.8% vs 0.8%), P<0.001. Mortalities were similar between 2 groups at 1 month and 1 year after PPCI (17.6% vs 15.2%) and (25.5% vs 16.9%), both P>0.05; mortality was higher in Very elderly group at 2 years after PPCI (35.3% vs 20.7%), Log-rank P=0.037. Cox proportional hazard model analysis indicated that post-operative TIMI flow < 3 was the strong independent predictor for MACCE occurrence (HR=3.41, 95% CI 2.09-5.56, P<0.001), which was also the strongest predictor for death at different time points as at 1 month after PPCI (HR=9.51, 95% CI 5.23-17.29), at 1 year after PPCI (HR=7.24, 95% CI 4.13-12.69) and at 2 years after PPCI (HR=5.85, 95% CI 3.45-9.94), all P<0.001. Patients ≥ 80 years had no obvious predictors for end point event occurrence. Conclusion: Very elderly STEMI patients had the higher mortality at 2 years after IABP supported PPCI and increased incidence of MACCE at 1 month after PPCI. Patients≥80 years had no obvious predictors for end point event occurrence.

19.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 523-526, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818836

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of brain CT imaging in patients with cerebral cysticercosis during the period of anti-cysticercus chemotherapy. Methods A total of 380 inpatients that were conformed to the practical diagnostic criteria of cerebral cysticercosis were enrolled in this study in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences from May 2010 to May 2015. All the patients were given anti-cysticercus chemotherapy (albendazole and praziquantel). All the patients received brain CT scan, and of which 210 received enhanced scan. The data of CT imaging were systematically reviewed. Results Before the treatment, the CT images of the patients showed single or multiple small cystic (s) with low density and small nodule-like cephalomere with high density. The re-examinations of CT showed that there were 81.58% (310/380) of the patients whose low density foci were completely absorbed, there were 16.32% (62/380) of the patients whose foci were mostly absorbed, and there were 2.11% (8/380) of the patients whose foci were calcified. Along with the prolongation of treatment time, the side effects were gradually reduced, and in the third course of treatment, the foci were absorbed or calcified in most of the patients. Conclusion CT examination can diagnose the lesion site, range and classification of cerebral cysticercosis, and can evaluate the effect of the therapy according to the changes of CT imaging during the period of anti-cysticercus chemotherapy.

20.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 523-526, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818714

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of brain CT imaging in patients with cerebral cysticercosis during the period of anti-cysticercus chemotherapy. Methods A total of 380 inpatients that were conformed to the practical diagnostic criteria of cerebral cysticercosis were enrolled in this study in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences from May 2010 to May 2015. All the patients were given anti-cysticercus chemotherapy (albendazole and praziquantel). All the patients received brain CT scan, and of which 210 received enhanced scan. The data of CT imaging were systematically reviewed. Results Before the treatment, the CT images of the patients showed single or multiple small cystic (s) with low density and small nodule-like cephalomere with high density. The re-examinations of CT showed that there were 81.58% (310/380) of the patients whose low density foci were completely absorbed, there were 16.32% (62/380) of the patients whose foci were mostly absorbed, and there were 2.11% (8/380) of the patients whose foci were calcified. Along with the prolongation of treatment time, the side effects were gradually reduced, and in the third course of treatment, the foci were absorbed or calcified in most of the patients. Conclusion CT examination can diagnose the lesion site, range and classification of cerebral cysticercosis, and can evaluate the effect of the therapy according to the changes of CT imaging during the period of anti-cysticercus chemotherapy.

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