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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 752-757, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911109

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of the systemic immune inflammation index (SII) for the risk of bone metastases in patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer (PCa).Methods:From Jun. 2012 to Jul. 2019, the clinical features of 308 patients were retrospectively analyzed. For the baseline clinical data of the patients with newly diagnosed PCa, the median age was 71(65-76) years, there were 59(19.2%) patients with a positive digital rectal examination (DRE). In addition, the median serum total prostate-specific antigen (tPSA), prostate volume (PV) and prostate-specific antigen density(PSAD)were 60.55(23.55-100.00) ng/ml, 39.35(28.29-56.66)ml and 1.27(0.58-2.52)ng/(ml·cm 3), respectively. There were 33(10.7%)patients with prostate biopsy Gleason score≤6, 115(37.3%)patients with a Gleason score=7 and 160(52.0%)patients with a Gleason score≥8. The T clinical stage also obtained, including 21(6.8%)diagnosed as T 1 stage, 87(28.2%)T 2 stage, 65(21.1%)T 3stage, 135(43.9%)T 4 stage. SII was calculated by the formula platelet×neutrophil/lymphocyte, and the median(interquartile range)of SII was 458.60(300.42-727.11)/L. According to the results of bone scanning, the patients were divided into bone metastasis(146, 47.4%)and a non-bone metastasis groups(162, 52.6%). The differences in the baseline clinical characteristics between the two groups were analyzed. The risk factors of bone metastasis were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. The diagnostic efficiency of the risk factors were evaluated by receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve. Results:The median(interquartile range)of SII was 564.78/L(333.85-961.93/L)in patients with bone metastasis which were higher than those without bone metastasis 413.01(267.63-601.79)/L( P<0.001). The median(interquartile range)of tPSA were 97.79(48.20-119.10)ng/ml in bone metastasis group and 32.56(17.89-72.70)ng/ml in non-bone metastasis group ( P<0.001). The median(interquartile range)of PSAD were 1.91(0.97-3.55)ng/(ml·cm 3)and 0.90(0.45-1.77)ng/(ml·cm 3)in these two groups( P<0.001), respectively. In bone metastasis group, there were 132(90.4%)patients with a positive DRE, yet there were only 117(72.2%) patients with a positive DRE in the other group ( P<0.001). There were 7(4.8%)patients with prostate biopsy Gleason score≤6, 50(34.2%)patients with a Gleason score=7 and 89(61.0%)patients with a Gleason score≥8 in bone metastasis group. There were 26(16.1%)patients with prostate biopsy Gleason score≤6, 65(40.1%)patients with a Gleason score=7 and 71(43.8%)patients with a Gleason score≥8 in non-bone metastasis group ( P<0.001). There were statistically significant difference between the two groups in T clinical stage( P<0.001). In bone metastasis group, there were 2(1.4%)T 1 stage, and 19(13.0%)T 2 stage, 25(17.1%)T 3stage, and 100(68.5%)T 4 stage. Comparatively, there were 19(11.7%)T 1 stage, 68(42.0%)T 2 stage, 40(24.7%)T 3stage, and 35(21.6%)T 4 stage in the other group. There were no statistically significant difference between the two groups in term of age( P=0.057) and TPV( P=0.222). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that tPSA( P=0.003), SII( P<0.001), T clinical stage( P<0.001)could be regarded as independent risk factors of bone metastasis of PCa. Area under the curve of SII+ tPSA was 0.770, which was higher than SII(0.653)or tPSA(0.729) alone( P<0.05). When the cut-off value was 727.72/L, the sensitivity and specificity of the diagnosis of SII alone were 38.4% and 87.7%. The sensitivity and specificity of tPSA alone were 67.1%and 75.9% when the cut-off value was 73.02ng/ml. The sensitivity was 72.6% and the specificity was 71.6% when SII and tPSA was combined. Conclusions:SII is an independent predictor of bone metastasis of newly diagnosed with PCa. , and the patients were at high risk when SII exceeded 727.72/L. The combination of SII and tPSA can improve its predictive validity for the risk of bone metastasis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910608

ABSTRACT

Colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) is challenging for colorectal cancer therapy, and is also the main cause of death in colorectal cancer patients. In recent years, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) as one of the local treatments for liver tumors, was used in the comprehensive treatment of CRLM in an exploratory manner, expressing its advantages of minimally invasive, feasible, safe, effective and repeatable treatment. This article reviewed the research progress of RFA and RFA combined with other therapy treatments in different stages of CRLM, in order to provide more choices for CRLM comprehensive treatment.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910585

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the results of using a sequential menagement of conservative treatment, percutaneous transhepatic cholangial drainage(PTCD), laparoscopic cholecystectomy(LC) combined with laparoscopic common bile duct exploration(LCBDE) and primary duce closure(PDC) in patients with cholecystolithiasis and common bile duct stone(CBDS) who presented with acute cholangitis.Methods:The clinical data of 397 patients with CBDS and cholecystolithiasis who presented with acute cholangitis from January 2015 to August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 230 patients from the West Campus, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, 95 patients from the Second People's Hospital of Binzhou and 72 patients from Rizhao Central Hospital. Conservative treatment, PTCD and LC+ LCBDE+ PDC were used sequentially. The interval between PTCD and LCBDE, the decrease of serum total bilirubin and alanine aminotransferase after PTCD, the operative time of LC+ LCBDE+ PDC, and the intraoperative blood loss were analyzed. Postoperative indwelling time of abdominal drainage tube and PTCD tube time, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative complications, etc.Results:These were 15 males and 18 femals with the mean age of 57.5 years old. The mean serum total bilirubin and alanine aminotransferase levels decreased from (148.3±36.8) μmol/L and (172.6±26.9) U/L before PTCD to (32.6±5.9) μmol/L and (45.7±7.2) U/L after PTCD, respectively. The interval between PTCD and LCBDE was (25.3±2.6) d. The operation time of LC+ LCBDE+ PDC was (95.4±14.2) min. The intraoperative blood loss was (35.2±9.5 )ml and the mean postoperative hospital stay was (12.4±3.5) d. The postoperative indwelling time of abdominal drainage tubes and PTCD tubes were (10.6±2.3) d and (25.8±4.7) d, respectively. After surgery, bile leakage occurred in 3 patients (9.1%), abdominal hemorrhage in 1 patient (3.0%), biliary bleeding in 1 patient (3.0%), navel incision infection in 1 patient (3.0%), lower common bile duct stenosis in 2 patients (6.1%). All complications responded well to conservation treatment.Conclusions:Sequential treatment using conservative treatment, PTCD combined with LC+ LCBDE+ PDC in patients with cholecystolithiasis and CBDS who presented with acute cholangitis was safe, and efficacious using the minimally invasive approach. This approach is worth promoting to other centers.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910566

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the impact of Roux-en-Y reconstruction with isolated pancreatic drainage (RYR) on delayed gastric emptying (DGE) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD).Methods:The data of 203 patients who underwent PD at 5 clinical centers from January 2014 to June 2020 were collected. According to the method of reconstruction of the digestive tract, the patients were divided into the RYR group ( n=88) and the conventional loop reconstruction (CLR) group ( n=115). The incidence and severity of DGE were compared between groups. The risk factors of clinically relevant DGE (CR-DGE) after PD were analysed by univariate and multivariate analyses. Results:Of 203 patients, there were 124 males and 79 females, aged (61.6±10.2) years. The overall incidence of DEG was 27.6% (56/203). The incidence of CR-DGE in the RYR group was significantly lower than that in the CLR group [13.6%(12/88) vs 26.1%(30/115), P=0.030]. Patient age of more than 65 years ( OR=2.966, 95% CI: 1.162-8.842, P=0.024), clinically relevant pancreatic fistula ( OR=3.041, 95% CI: 1.122-8.238, P=0.029), ascites and abdominal infection ( OR=10.000, 95% CI: 2.552-39.184, P=0.001), and CLR ( OR=3.206, 95% CI: 1.162-8.842, P=0.024) were identified as independent risk factors for CR-DGE. The duration of hospitalization and hospital expenditure of patients were significantly increased in the CR-DGE group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Patients over 65 years with clinically relevant pancreatic fistula, with ascites or abdominal infection after operation, had a higher evidence of CR-DGE. Roux-en-Y reconstruction with isolated pancreatic could helped to decrease the incidence of CR-DGE after PD.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906014

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the action mechanism of medicinal pair Astragali Radix-Angelicae Sinensis Radix against diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) based on network pharmacology and<italic> in vivo </italic>animal experiment. Method:The active ingredients and targets of Astragali Radix and Angelicae Sinensis Radix were retrieved from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) and Bioinformatics Analysis Tool for Molecular mechANism of Traditional Chinese Medicine (BATMAN-TCM), and the relevant targets of DCM from the disease database. The common specific targets between the medicinal pair and DCM obtained via comparison were used for constructing the main active ingredients of Astragali Radix-Angelicae Sinensis Radix-DCM-target network, followed by protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis of compound-DCM common targets and the screening of important modules using Molecular Complex Detection (MCODE) plugin. The gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis was carried out based on DAVID for exploring the possible molecular mechanisms, which were then subjected to experimental verification. Result:A total of 126 core targets of Astragali Radix-Angelicae Sinensis Radix for treating DCM were screened out based on network pharmacology. As indicated by KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, the above-mentioned key targets might be related to such pathways as inflammatory response, oxidative stress, insulin resistance, and apoptosis. The findings of <italic>in vivo</italic> animal experiments demonstrated that Astragali Radix-Angelicae Sinensis Radix delayed high glucose-induced cardiomyocyte injury of DCM rats, suggesting that this medicinal pair intervened in the pathological process to a certain extent. Conclusion:Astragali Radix-Angelicae Sinensis Radix alleviates DCM possibly by acting on multiple targets including interleukin-6, vascular endothelial growth factor A, tumor necrosis factor, TP53 gene, and nuclear transcription factor, regulating apoptosis and glucolipid metabolism, and improving oxidative stress and inflammatory response. The research based on network pharmacology and experimental verification has provided new ideas for investigating the pathogenesis of DCM and its clinical treatment.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904484

ABSTRACT

Objective:To characterize the trends in the incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer in Jing'an District of Shanghai, thus optimizing the prophylactic options for this malignancy. Methods:Data from Shanghai Cancer Registration and Reporting System were used to analyze the colorectal cancer prevalence in Jing'an District from 1993 to 2017. Joinpoint software was used to analyze the trends in the standardized incidence rate and mortality rate by calculating the annual percentage of change (APC) and the average annual percentage of change (AAPC). Results:A total of 13 580 new cases of colorectal cancer were reported in Jing'an District during 1993 and 2017, with an average crude incidence rate of 52.94/105 and a standardized incidence rate of 24.77/105. The total number of deaths was 7 572, with an average crude mortality rate of 29.52/105 and a standardized mortality rate of 12.20/105. The standardized incidence rate of colorectal cancer in Jing'an District from 1993 to 2017 showed an increasing trend (AAPC=1.64%,P<0.001), and the standardized incidence rate of colorectal cancer in both sexes increased (AAPC: 2.10% in men, 1.04% in women). The age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) did not change significantly. The incidence rate of colorectal cancer increased in men in both age groups of 50 to 74 years and 75 years and older, with an AAPC of 2.07% and 3.32%, respectively. However, this was not evident in women of all age groups. The mortality rate of colorectal cancer in men aged 0-49 years, as well as in men and women at 50-74 age groups, decreased significantly, with an AAPC of -7.46%,-1.13%, and -2.72%, respectively. The mortality rate of colorectal cancer in men of 75 years or older showed no significant trend, while that in women of 75 years or older increased (AAPC=2.30%). Conclusion:The overall standardized incidence rate of colorectal cancer in Jing'an District from 1993 to 2017 was increased, and ASMR did not change significantly. Public health prophylactic options are suggested, including improvement of lifestyle/physical activity and eradication of precancerous lesion polypus in males aged ≥50 years to reduce the incidence of colorectal cancer, and enforcement of second-grade prophylaxis in females aged ≥75 years to decrease the mortality of colorectal cancer.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885888

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and preliminary investigate the influencing factors of exudative retinal detachment in patients with severe preeclampsia (S-PE) and its influence on pregnancy outcome.Methods:A total of 89 patients of S-PE patients diagnosed in Department of Obstetrics in The Third Central Hospital of Tianjin from July 2018 to June 2020 were included in this study. According to whether the patients were complicated with exudative retinal detachment, they were divided into retinal detachment group (43 cases) and non retinal detachment group (46 cases). All patients underwent direct ophthalmoscopy, and those with suspected or definite retinal detachment underwent optical coherence tomography or B-mode ultrasonography. The age, course of disease, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, laboratory serum albumin level, 24 h urinary protein, platelet count, mean platelet volume, platelet distribution width and serum uric acid content were collected. The average age ( t=-1.01), body mass index ( t=-1.799), course of disease ( t=-1.657) and constituent ratio of primipara and multipara in the two groups were compared ( χ2=1.411), the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The end of pregnancy time, systemic complications, fetal outcomes and neonatal Apgar scores were analyzed, retrospectively. Independent sample t test was used to compare the quantitative data between the two groups; Chi square test was used to compare qualitative data. Binary logistic regression analysis to screen the influencing factors of exudative retinal detachment in S-PE. Results:Systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure were higher in the retinal detachment group than in the non retinal detachment group, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.087, 2.810; P=0.040, 0.006). Serum albumin ( t=-10.404), 24-hour urinary protein quantification ( t=6.401), blood uric acid ( t=3.910), platelet count ( t=-6.124) and platelet distribution width ( t=2.992) were compared between the two groups, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). There were 30 (69.77%, 30/43) cases in retinal detachment group and 14 (30.43%, 14/46) cases in non retinal detachment group with severe systemic complications; The average time of ending pregnancy was 34.66±3.29 and 38.25±1.62 weeks; The average Apgar scores at birth were 7.28±3.40 and 9.46±1.59. The incidence of severe systemic complications in two groups ( χ2=13.755), the end of pregnancy time ( t=-6.448), Apgar score at birth ( t=-3.824), the differences were statistically significant ( P=0.000、0.000、0.000). Fetal distress and death were 8 (18.60%, 8/43), 7 (16.28%, 7/43) and 7 (15.22%, 7/46), 1 (2.17%, 1/46) in retinal detachment group and non retinal detachment group respectively. There was no significant difference in the incidence of fetal distress between the two groups ( χ2=0.182, P=0.670). The difference of fetal mortality was statistically significant ( P= 0.027). Logistic regression analysis showed that serum albumin and uric acid were associated with exudative retinal detachment in patients with S-PE ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Serum albumin and uric acid are the influencing factors of exudative retinal detachment in patients with S-PE. Patients with exudative retinal detachment are prone to adverse pregnancy outcomes.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884672

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the perivenous blocking management strategy for portal vein-superior mesenteric vein (PSMV) resection and reconstruction and its effect on postoperative complications in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD).Methods:The data of 137 patients with pancreatic cancer treated with PD in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Chaoyang Central Hospital, the Second Hospital of Chaoyang, Rizhao Central Hospital, the Second People's Hospital of Binzhou from January 2010 to December 2020 were collected. There were 83 males and 54 females with an average age of 61.8 years. There were 42 patients in the reconstruction group and 95 patients in the control group. The main intraoperative indexes and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups with the aim to review our experience in PSMV resection and reconstruction by using the perivenous blocking management strategy.Results:PD was successfully completed in 137 patients in the reconstruction group, the PSMV blocking time was 15-120 min, with a median of 30 min. The operation time 380 (330, 465) min, intraoperative blood loss 725 (500, 1000) ml, and postoperative hospital stay 21.0 (16.0, 28.0) d in the reconstruction group were significantly higher than those of control group [305 (280, 340) min, 400 (300, 500) ml and 18.0 (14.0, 24.5) d] (all P<0.05). The reoperation rate and perioperative mortality were 4.8% (2/42) and 2.4% (1/42) in the reconstruction group, while 2.1% (2/95) and 1.0% (1/95) in the control group, respectively. There was no significant difference between the two groups (both P>0.05). The incidence of pancreatic fistula, peritoneal effusion and infection, pulmonary infection of the reconstruction group was significantly higher than those of the control group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative bleeding, delayed gastric emptying, biliary fistula, incision infection, reoperation between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:PSMV resection and reconstruction significantly increased the incidences of complication after PD, including pancreatic fistula, peritoneal effusion/infection and pulmonary infection. The perivenous blocking management strategy significantly promoted smooth postoperative recovery and effectively reduced morbidity rates of postoperative bleeding and mortality after PSMV resection and reconstruction in PD.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884645

ABSTRACT

Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine carcinoma (GEP-NEC) is a rare and poorly differentiated tumor with poor prognosis. Although radical surgical treatment is the most preferred treatment for GEP-NEC, postoperative recurrence rate is still high. Many patients diagnosed at the late stage lost the chances to receive the surgery treatment. Therefore, systemic chemotherapy plays a particularly important role in the comprehensive treatment of GEP-NEC. The purpose of this paper is to systematically summarize and review the research progress of GEP-NEC systemic chemotherapy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883529

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2) expression in specimens of pancreas cancer tumor and para-cancerous tissues and its prognostic value.Methods:The tissue microarray and immunohistochemistry were used to examine the MeCP2 expression in 59 cases of pancreatic cancer tumor tissues and 53 adjacent normal tissues. The correlation between the MeCP2 expression and clinicopathological characteristics of pancreas cancer patients was analyzed. Furthermore, the survival curve was drawn by Kaplan-Meier method and the Cox regression hazards model was used to study the prognostic value of MeCP2 expression in pancreas cancer.Results:The MeCP2 positive expression rate in 59 pancreas cancer tumor tissues was 47.5%, which was 67.9% in 53 adjacent tissues. The MeCP2 positive expression rate in adjacent tissues was obviously higher than that in pancreatic cancer tissues, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The MeCP2 positive expression was significantly associated with pathological grade and lymph node metastasis(both P<0.05). The overall survival in patients positive for the MeCP2 expression was longer than that in those with negative MeCP2 expression( P<0.05). Cox multivariate analysis demonstrated that the level of MeCP2 expression was an independent predictor for prognosis in patients with pancreas cancer. Conclusions:MeCP2 is obviously positively expressed in para-cancerous tissues, but was lowly expressed in pancreatic cancer, indicating that MeCP2 detection can help to evaluate the prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients.

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1064-1069, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878160

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Thyroid dysfunction is associated with cardiovascular diseases. However, the role of thyroid function in lipid metabolism remains partly unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the causal association between thyroid function and serum lipid metabolism via a genetic analysis termed Mendelian randomization (MR).@*METHODS@#The MR approach uses a genetic variant as the instrumental variable in epidemiological studies to mimic a randomized controlled trial. A two-sample MR was performed to assess the causal association, using summary statistics from the Atrial Fibrillation Genetics Consortium (n = 537,409) and the Global Lipids Genetics Consortium (n = 188,577). The clinical measures of thyroid function include thyrotropin (TSH), free triiodothyronine (FT3) and free thyroxine (FT4) levels, FT3:FT4 ratio and concentration of thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAb). The serum lipid metabolism traits include total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels. The MR estimate and MR inverse variance-weighted method were used to assess the association between thyroid function and serum lipid metabolism.@*RESULTS@#The results demonstrated that increased TSH levels were significantly associated with higher TC (β = 0.052, P = 0.002) and LDL (β = 0.041, P = 0.018) levels. In addition, the FT3:FT4 ratio was significantly associated with TC (β = 0.240, P = 0.033) and LDL (β = 0.025, P = 0.027) levels. However, no significant differences were observed between genetically predicted FT4 and TPOAb and serum lipids.@*CONCLUSION@#Taken together, the results of the present study suggest an association between thyroid function and serum lipid metabolism, highlighting the importance of the pituitary-thyroid-cardiac axis in dyslipidemia susceptibility.


Subject(s)
Lipid Metabolism/genetics , Mendelian Randomization Analysis , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroid Gland , Thyrotropin , Thyroxine , Triiodothyronine
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873748

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of persistent Echinococcus multilocularis infections on hepatic fibrosis in mice, so as to provide insights into the understanding of liver fibrogenesis induced by E. multilocularis infections and the treatment of alveolar echinococcosis. Methods Hepatic stellate HSC-T6 and LX-2 cells were exposed to the sera (25, 50 and 100 μL) from Meriones unguiculatus infected with E. multilocularis, and E. multilocularis, germinal layer cells (GCs) and protoscoleces (PSCs) for 48 hours, respectively. The cell proliferation was measured using a CCK-8 assay, and the levels of collagen 1 (Col1) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were measured in the culture supernatant of HSC-T6 cells using ELISA. In addition, the serum and liver samples were collected 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 months post-infection with E. multilocularis, respectively. The serum Col1 and α-SMA concentrations were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the deposition of collagen fibers was examined in mice livers using Sirius red staining. Results The sera of E. multilocularis-infected gerbils promoted the proliferation of HSC-T6 and LX-2 cells in vitro, and there were significant differences seen in the proliferative rate of HSC-T6 (FHSC-T6 = 126.50, P < 0.05) and LX-2 cells (FLX-2 = 201.50, P < 0.05) among different serum groups, with the highest proliferative rate of HSC-T6 (573.36% ± 206.34%) and LX-2 cells (940.38% ± 61.65%) found following exposure to 100 μL mouse sera. Exposure to serum from E. multilocularis-infected gerbils resulted in an increase in the Col1 and α-SMA levels in the culture supernatant of HSC-T6 cells, with the greatest Col1 (20.99 ng/mL ± 2.01 ng/mL) and α-SMA levels (305.52 pg/mL ± 16.67 pg/mL) measured following exposure to 100 μL sera. The metacestodes (142.65% ± 9.17% and 189.99% ± 7.75%), GCs (118.55% ± 8.96% and 122.54% ± 0.21%) and PSCs of E. multilocularis (156.34% ± 17.45% and 160.59% ± 31.41%) all promoted the proliferation of HSC-T6 and LX-2 cells in vitro, and there were significant differences in the proliferative rates of HSC-T6 (FHSC-T6 = 11.24, P < 0.05) and LX-2 cells among groups (FLX-2 = 47.72, P < 0.05). Exposure to E. multilocularis resulted in an increase in Col1 and α-SMA levels in the culture supernatant of HSC-T6 cells, and the highest Col1 (4.43 ng/mL ± 2.23 ng/mL) and α-SMA levels (285.20 pg/mL ± 90.67 pg/mL) were detected following treatment with E. multilocularis metacestodes. In addition, a persistent increase was seen in the deposition of collagen fibers in mice livers 1 to 8 months post-infection with E. multilocularis, with the greatest Col1 level (280.26 ng/mL ± 23.04 ng/mL) seen 6 months post-infection and the highest α-SMA level (33.68 ng/mL ± 4.45 ng/mL) detected 8 months post-infection, respectively. Conclusions Persistent E. multilocularis infections promote hepatic stellate cell proliferation, induce an increase in mouse serum Col1 and α-SMA levels, and cause elevated deposition of collagen fibers in mice livers. The infective stage of E. multilocularis is a critical period for inducing hepatic fibrosis of alveolar echinococcosis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905401

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the changes of electroencephalogram (EEG) before and after treatment in patients with post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI). Methods:From October, 2018 to April, 2019, twelve PSCI patients received cognitive training and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for six weeks. They were assessed with Mini-Mental State Examination, Montreal Cognitive Assessment and modified Barthel Index before and after treatment, while their closed-eye resting EEG were collected. Results:The scores of all the assessments improved after treatment (|t| > 3.507, P < 0.01); while alpha absolute power and alpha relative power increased (|t| > 2.522, P < 0.05), and brain symmetry index and DTABR decreased (t > 2.435, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The characteristics of EEG of PSCI patients changes with the recovery of cognitive function. Further research is needed about the relationship between EEG and cognitive function.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 382-384, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869663

ABSTRACT

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the renal pelvis is extremely rare and hardly to be diagnosed due to its lack of specificity in clinical manifestations and traditional imaging features. We reported a case with history of multiple operations for double kidney stones, who was admitted to our hospital twice due to "right kidney ureteral stones, left kidney complex stones, chronic renal insufficiency and urinary tract infection" . During this period, a total of 6 surgeries were performed. In the first 19-day hospitalization, right transurethral ureteroscopic lithotripsy and right percutaneous nephroscope lithotripsy(PCNL)were performed respectively. And 20 days later, the patient was admitted to hospital again for management of left complex kidney stones, and the left side PCNL was performed for 4 times within 27 days. During the two hospitalizations, no tumor was reported during the three times of contrast-enhanced CT examination of the urinary system. The patient continued to have fever after the 4th time of left PCNL, with failure of anti-infection treatment. Then, the of the left renal pelvis was considered clinically, and left nephrectomy was suggested after communication with the patient and his family members. Postoperative pathology confirmed renal pelvis SCC. After surgery, the patient’s temperature was back to normal and then discharged. The patient died 3 months after discharging due to the systemic metastasis.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 743-748, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869022

ABSTRACT

Circular RNA (circRNA) is a kind of RNA with a circular structure. The unique structure of circRNA endows it with various cell biological functions and characteristics. It has become a research hotspot recently. CircRNA can play a role via mechanisms, such as microRNA (miRNA) sponge, RNA binding protein, peptide translation and regulation of gene transcription. CircRNA was found to be associated with disc degeneration, spinal cord injury, scoliosis, and facet arthritis. Some techniques, including bioinformatics and molecular biology techniques, microarray and high-throughput sequencing, can be used to predict and to discover disease-related circRNA, aiming to evaluate whether circRNA can be used as a molecular biomarker for spinal and spinal cord diseases. Based on the current role of circRNA, the corresponding therapeutic strategies have been carried out in experimental animals, which can provide theoretical basis for gene therapy. At present, the researches in circRNA for spinal and spinal cord diseases are still insufficient compared with those in other fields. Currently, the main direction focuses on the miRNA sponge mechanism of circRNA. Due to the variety of diseases in spinal surgery, the research progress of circRNA is also varied. In addition, the development of microarray and high-throughput sequencing technology have greatly promoted the researches in circRNA. The availability of public database is of great significance in the study. The present review summarized the current researches status of circRNA in spinal and spinal cord diseases, aiming to deepen understanding of circRNA in spinal and spinal cord diseases.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868846

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the auxiliary application strategy and efficacy of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in laparoscopic anatomical hemihepatectomy (LAH).Method:The clinical data of consecutive patients who underwent RFA-assisted LAH from 5 hospitals including Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University between January 2016 and January 2020 were retrospectively reviewed.Results:Among the 32 patients, there were 21 males and 11 females. The age range is 32 to 77 years, with a median age of 52 years. There were 18 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma, including 16 cases of single lesion and 2 cases of two lesions, with the maximum tumor diameter of (5.6±1.2) cm. There were 12 cases of metastatic liver cancer, including 8 cases of single lesion, 3 cases of two lesions, 1 case of three lesions, and the maximum tumor diameter (4.7±1.6) cm. Primary hepatolithiasis: 2 cases. Right hemihepatectomy was performed in 23 cases and left hemihepatectomy in 9 cases. No conversion to laparotomy. The operation time of right hemihepatectomy was (310.0±22.0) min, and left hemihepatectomy was (285.0±25.0) min. Intraoperative hemorrhage (330.0±28.0) ml. No patients received intraoperative infusion of human red blood cell suspension. Postoperative reactive pleural effusion occurred in 6 cases, biliary fistula in 3 cases, wound infection in 1 case, and cross section effusion in 1 case, all of which recovered after conservative treatment. No postoperative abdominal bleeding and liver insufficiency. Postoperative hospital stay (9.5±3.2) d. The follow-up time was 1-42 months, and the median follow-up time was 20 months. During the follow-up period, 17 (56.7%) of the 30 patients with malignant tumor experienced tumor recurrence, no sectional tumor recurrence, and no death.Conclusions:RFA has a variety of auxiliary applications in LAH, including prevention and treatment of liver cancer rupture during mobilization of liver, treatment of small bleeding blood vessels during liver transection, and help in securing safe and adequate resection margins.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868845

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the timing of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in treatment of complicated pyogenic liver abscesses (PLA).Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 49 patients with complicated PLA who were treated with the RFA-based treatment modality from August 2010 to January 2020 at Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, West Campus, Capital Medical University, Institute of Hepatobiliary, Pancreas and Spleen Surgery and the Second Hospital, Binzhou. The patients were divided into the early RFA group (≤ 72 h, n=27) and the delayed RFA group (>72 h, n=22) according to the timing of RFA. RFA was guided by laparoscopy combined with Ultrasound or CT. The safety and effective rates of RFA, and the total expenses were evaluated. Results:All patients in both the early and the delayed RFA groups were successfully cured (100%). No serious complications, including biliary leakage and massive hemorrhage, happened in the 2 groups. Significantly longer operating time and hospital stays [(8.1±1.6)d vs. (9.5±1.5)d], and higher hospital costs [(3.4±0.2) ten thousand yuan vs. (3.8±0.4) ten thousand yuan] were found in the delayed RFA group when compared with the early RFA group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:RFA treatment of complicated PLA should be completed within 72 hours of onset of PLA.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868835

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influencing factors of long-term survival for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated by radiofrequency ablation (RFA).Methods:A retrospective analysis of 255 patients who underwent RFA as the main treatment modality for HCC from May 1, 2004 to Feb 28, 2015 was performed. All patients were divided into two groups according to the postoperative survival time: the 5-year or more survival group and the less than 5-year survival group. Clinical indicators such as age, maximum tumor size and number, and frequency of radiofrequency ablation were compared between the two groups. Cox single factor and multiple factors were used to analyze the influencing factors of long-term survival.Results:The median overall survival of all the 255 patients was 4.3 years (range 0.5-15.5 years). There were 115 patients (45.1%) who survived for 5 years or more and 140 patients (54.9%) who survived for less than 5 years. The 1-, 3-, 5-, and 10-year survival rates of all the patients were 86.7%, 61.2%, 44.8% and 34.8%, respectively. There were no significant differences in gender, age, accompanying symptoms, aetiology of liver disease, level of alpha fetoprotein and treatment ( P>0.05), but there were significant differences in Child-Pugh class, liver cirrhosis, maximum diameter of tumor, tumor number, tumor stage, and frequency of RFA ( P<0.05) between the 2 groups of patients. Multivariate analysis showed that age ≥70 years old, Child-Pugh class B, maximum diameter of tumor >5.0 cm, multiple tumor were independent risk factors of long-term survival, but the number of sessions of RFA was a protective factor. Conclusions:For medium sized HCC and solitary large HCC, RFA combined with other therapeutic modalities could achieve satisfactory therapeutic results. Age, Child-Pugh class, maximum diameter of tumor, tumor number and RFA frequency were influencing factors for long-term survival of HCC patients.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863923

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of thoracoscopy combined with laparoscopy on lung function and tumor micrometastasis in patients with thoracic esophageal cancer.Methods:109 patients with thoracic esophageal cancer admitted from Mar. 2018 to Jul. 2019 in our hospital were divided into study group (60 cases) and the control group (49 cases) . The study group underwent thoracoscopy and laparoscopy assisted surgery, while the control group underwent traditional surgical resection of esophageal cancer. The differences of lung function, RBC immune function and the expression of invasive gene in the lesions between the two groups were compared.Results:Three days after the operation, maximum ventilation per minute (MVV) , forced expiratory volume for 1 s (FEV1) and vital capacity (VC) of the two groups were all decreased ( P<0.01) , but they were significantly higher in the study group than in the control group[ (69.90±7.07) vs (48.62±5.09) , (75.12±7.93) vs (42.99±4.81) , (74.57±7.30) vs (41.37±4.69) ( P<0.01) ]. mRNA of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) and tumor necrosis factor receptor-related protein 1 (TRAP1) in the two groups were all decreased ( P<0.01) , while they were significantly higher in the study group than in the control group [ (0.54±0.09) vs (0.42±0.06) , (0.52±0.08) vs (0.41±0.06) ( P<0.01) ]. mRNA of Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) and E-cad-herin in the two groups were all increased ( P<0.01) , while it was significantly lower in the study group than in the control group[ (2.87±0.30) vs (3.17±0.36) , (2.92±0.32) vs (3.19±0.38) ( P<0.01) ]. RBC immune complex rosette rate (RBC-ICR) in the study group was higher than that on the first day before operation ( P<0.01) , and gradually decreased from the first day after operation, and recovered to the preoperative level on the third day after operation. At the end of operation, red blood cell C3b receptor rosette rate (RBC-C3bRR) and red blood cell adhesion tumor cell rosette rate (TRR) in the study group were all decreased compared with those on the first day before operation ( P<0.01) , and gradually increased on the first day after operation in the study group, and recovered to the preoperative level on the third day after operation. Except for the first day before surgery, there were statistically significant differences in red blood cell immune function indexes at other time points between the study group and the control group[At the end of the operation: (30.29±4.80) vs (34.68±5.47) , (16.02±1.58) vs (12.03±1.17) , (17.50±2.86) vs (12.59±2.26) ; 1 d after operation: (29.13±4.19) vs (35.01±5.29) , (20.98±2.86) vs (16.23±2.40) , (22.50±2.56) vs (17.39±2.34) ; 3 d after operation: (26.01±3.80) vs (31.50±5.01) , (23.30±3.37) vs (18.02±2.79) , (25.80±2.10) vs (21.19±2.60) ( P<0.01) ]. Conclusion:In patients who need radical surgery for thoracic esophageal cancer, the application of thoracoscopy combined with laparoscopy has little effect on lung function, red blood cell immunity, and tumor micrometastasis, which is worth promoting.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863896

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and treatment methods of breast cancer patients aged over 70 years.Methods:Retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 116 cases of breast cancer who were admitted to the Beijing Sixth Hospital from Jan.2008 to Jan.2018 and were over 70 years old.Results:All the 116 cases were female with an average age of 73 years and a course of disease ranging from 1 week to 5 years. The main surgical methods of the patients in this group were modified radical mastectomy (total mastectomy and axillary dissection were 70.2% and 61.3%, respectively) , postoperative pathological invasive cancer accounted for 85.3% (99/116) , mucinous cancer and other special types of cancer accounted for 6.9% (8/116) , triple-negative breast cancer accounted for 11.1% (11/99, and HER2-positive breast cancer accounted for 18.2% (18/99) . The proportion of patients receiving postoperative chemotherapy was 48.3% (56/116) and that receiving endocrine therapy was 55% (61/116) . The median follow-up time was 44 months, the postoperative recurrence rate was 5.1% (5/99) , and during the follow-up time, 8 cases of breast cancer-related deaths and 17 cases of disease-related deaths occurred.Conclusions:Geriatric breast cancer patients have special characteristics of clinicopathology and molecular biology, with a long course of disease, relatively late disease period, many concomitant diseases, poor tolerance to chemotherapy, and poor compliance with endocrine therapy. Surgery and endocrine therapy are the main and effective treatment methods.

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