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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873741

ABSTRACT

Since 2015 when the transmission of schistosomiasis was controlled in China, the country has been moving towards elimination of schistosomiasis, with the surveillance-response as the main interventions for schistosomiasis control. During the period of the 13th Five-Year Plan, the transmission of schistosomiasis had been interrupted in four provinces of Sichuan, Jiangsu, Yunnan and Hubei and the prevalence of schistosomiasis has been at the historically lowest level in China. As a consequence, the goal set in The 13th Five-Year National Schistosomiasis Control Program in China is almost achieved. However, there are multiple challenges during the stage moving towards elimination of schistosomiasis in China, including the widespread distribution of intermediate host snails and complicated snail habitats, many types of sources of Schistosoma japonicum infections and difficulty in management of bovines and sheep, unmet requirements for the current schistosomiasis control program with the currently available tools, and vulnerable control achievements. During the 14th Five-Year period, it is crucial to consolidate the schistosomiasis control achievements and gradually solve the above difficulties, and critical to provide the basis for achieving the ultimate goal of elimination of schistosomiasis in China. Based on the past experiences from the national schistosomiasis control program and the challenges for schistosomiasis elimination in China, an expert consensus has been reached pertaining to the objectives, control strategy and measures for The 14th Five-Year National Schistosomiasis Control Program in China, so as to provide insights in to the development of The 14th Five-Year National Schistosomiasis Control Program in China.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862467

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the methods in early warning of schistosomiasis and elimination of snails in an ecological public forest in Yexie Town of Songjiang District, and provide the basis for monitoring and controlling snails in forest land in the future. Methods The monitoring data of snails, schistosomiasis and snail elimination in the public forest were collected to evaluate the effect of controlling snails. Results The area with existence of snails was found to be 10.47 hm2, and it was decreased by 98.28% after three times of snail elimination.A total of 1 904 serological tests was performed (test rate of 88.76%) with the positive rate of 0.16%.Pathogenic test result was negative in 3 subjects examined.Serological samples of 11 dogs and 1 sheep were all negative for the test.None of the 1 480 live snails tested was found to be positive in infection.The awareness rate of schistosomiasis control knowledge and behavior formation in 275 students were 98.2% and 95.3%, respectively. Conclusion The snails in the public forest in Yexie Town have been effectively controlled, but there are still scattered living snails.The measures in eliminating and monitoring of snails should be continued and strengthened.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828693

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of neonatal enterovirus infection, especially severe enterovirus infection.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 244 neonates with enterovirus infection. According to the severity of infection, they were divided into a common infection group with 231 neonates and a severe infection group with 13 neonates. Clinical features were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Of the 244 neonates, 207 (84.8%) developed the disease in May to October, with the highest number of patients in June to July. Compared with the common infection group, the severe infection group had a significantly lower gestational age at birth and a significantly higher proportion of preterm infants (P<0.05). Compared with the common infection group, the severe infection group had a significantly earlier onset time (P<0.05) and significantly higher incidence rates of skin petechiae and ecchymosis, respiratory symptoms, sepsis-like manifestations (poor appetite, crying less, and less movement), concomitant diseases (such as pneumonia, myocarditis, necrotic hepatitis, and coagulation disorder), thrombocytopenia, prolonged prothrombin time, elevated creatine kinase-MB, and elevated alanine aminotransferase (P<0.05). The severe infection group had a significantly higher mortality rate than the common infection group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are significant differences in onset time, common clinical manifestations, and concomitant diseases between the neonates with common and severe enterovirus infection. In the enterovirus epidemic season, if the neonates have rashes and/or sepsis-like manifestations such as poor appetite and less movement, especially if the laboratory tests suggest liver damage and coagulation dysfunction, it is necessary to pay particular attention to the possibility of severe enterovirus infection.


Subject(s)
Enterovirus , Enterovirus Infections , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872992

ABSTRACT

Objective::To analyze and identify the metabolites of major components of Shaoyao Gancaotang in urine and feces of normal and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) rats, and to explore the effect of PCOS on the metabolism of Shaoyao Gancaotang. Method::Female SD rats were randomly divided into normal group and PCOS group. PCOS rat model was prepared by administration of letrozole solution for 21 days, and the estrous cycle of rats was observed. UHPLC-QTRAP-MS/MS technique and LightSight 2.3 software were used to analyze and identify the metabolites of major components of Shaoyao Gancaotang in urine and feces of normal and PCOS rats. The mobile phase was water-methanol for gradient elution, the flow rate was 0.3 mL·min-1, electrospray ion source was employed under negative ion mode. Result::Phase Ⅰ and phase Ⅱ reactions mainly occurred in drug metabolism. A total of 27 metabolites were detected in urine of normal rats, and 34 metabolites were detected in urine of PCOS rats. A total of 29 metabolites were detected in feces of normal rats, and 27 metabolites were detected in feces of PCOS rats. Conclusion::The metabolites in the urine of PCOS rats are more diverse than those of normal rats, and the disease status of PCOS may affect the in vivo metabolic pathway of active ingredients in Shaoyao Gancaotang.

5.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 908-913, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844094

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on pain behaviors and expression of spinal transcription factor GATA-binding Protein 4 (GATA4) and adenosine A1 receptor in neuropathic pain rats, so as to explore its mechanism underlying pain relief. METHODS: The present study includes 2 parts. In the first part, 18 SD rats were randomly divided into control, adenovirus short-hairpin interference RNA for GATA4 (AV-shGATA4 RNA) and adenovirus empty vector (AV-control short-hairpin RNA, AV-shCTRL) groups, with 6 rats in each group. The expression of GATA4 protein in the lumbar spinal cord (L4-L6) was detected to evaluate the transfection efficiency of AV-shGATA4 RNA (silencing GATA4 expression). In the second part, thirty SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, namely sham operation, CCI model, EA, EA+AV-shGATA4 RNA, and EA+AV-shCTRL groups, with 6 rats in each group. The neuropathic pain model was established by chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the right sciatic nerve. On the 7th day following modeling, EA was applied to the right "Zusanli"(ST36) and "Taichong"(LR3) (1 mA,2 Hz /100 Hz) for 30 min. Rats of the EA+AV-shGATA4 RNA and EA+AV-shCTRL groups received intrathecal injection of AV-shGATA4 RNA and AV-shCTRL(1×1011 PFU/mL,10 μL)at the spinal L4-L6 segments, separately, 48 h before EA intervention. The mechanical pain threshold and thermal pain threshold of the affected limb were detected before molding, 7 days following molding and 60 min after EA. The expressions of adenosine A1 receptor and GATA4 protein in the spinal cord (L4-L6) were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: Outcomes of the first part showed that compared with the control group, no significant changes were found in the mechanical and thermal pain thresholds in both AV-shCTRL and AV-shGATA4 RNA groups and in the expression of spinal GATA4 protein of the AV-shCTRL group (P>0.05). The expression of spinal GATA4 protein of the AV-shGATA4 RNA group was significantly lower than that of the AV-shCTRL group (P 0.05). On the 7th day following modeling, the mechanical and thermal pain thresholds were significantly lowered in compa-rison with their own pre-modeling of each group and with the sham operation group (P0.05), suggesting a critical involvement of GATA4 in EA analgesia. The expression levels of adenosine A1 receptor and GATA4 protein were significantly increased in the model group than in the sham operation group (P0.05), suggesting that the effects of EA in up-regulating the expression of A1 receptor and GATA4 were eliminated after silencing GATA4 protein. CONCLUSION: EA of ST36 and LR3 can relieve pain by increasing the expression of adenosine A1 receptor of the lumbar spinal cord in neuropathic pain rats, which is probably mediated by GATA4 protein.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763792

ABSTRACT

Athletic performance is a complex multifactorial trait involving genetic and environmental factors. The heritability of an athlete status was reported to be about 70% in a twin study, and at least 155 genetic markers are known to be related with athlete status. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) encodes essential proteins for oxidative phosphorylation, which is related to aerobic capacity. Thus, mtDNA is a candidate marker for determining physical performance. Recent studies have suggested that polymorphisms of mtDNA are associated with athlete status and/or physical performance in various populations. Therefore, we analyzed mtDNA haplogroups to assess their association with the physical performance of Korean population. The 20 mtDNA haplogroups were determined using the SNaPshot assay. Our result showed a significant association of the haplogroup F with athlete status (odds ratio, 3.04; 95% confidence interval, 1.094 to 8.464; p = 0.012). Athletes with haplogroup F (60.64 ± 3.04) also demonstrated a higher Sargent jump than athletes with other haplogroups (54.28 ± 1.23) (p = 0.041). Thus, our data imply that haplogroup F may play a crucial role in the physical performance of Korean athletes. Functional studies with larger sample sizes are necessary to further substantiate these findings.


Subject(s)
Athletes , Athletic Performance , DNA, Mitochondrial , Genetic Markers , Humans , Oxidative Phosphorylation , Sample Size
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818963

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the surveillance data after schistosomiasis transmission interruption from 1985 to 2018, so as to provide scientific basis for the future prevention and control of schistosomiasis. Methods The data pertaining to snail survey, surveillance of schistosomiasis in humans and livestock, and health education were collected and analyzed in Songjiang District after schistosomiasis transmission interruption from 1985 to 2018. Results From 1985 to 2018, there were 8 townships, 68 villages and 1 462 settings with snails in Songjiang District, covering an area of 96.399 hm2. There were 4 townships and 59 villages with snails newly identified in previously schistosomiasis non-endemic areas, with emerging snail habitats of 60.161 hm2. A total of 26 148 snails were captured, and no infections were detected. The snail habitats were mainly distributed in the river course, ditches and farmlands, which accounted for 45.28%, 33.17% and 21.55% of total snail habitats, respectively. A total of 245 955 humans were subjected to the serological test, with a positive rate of 0.03%, and 37 humans were subjected to the parasitological test, with 3 positives detected. These three egg-positives were all imported chronic cases with schistosomiasis. A total of 9 109 livestock were detected using the serological test, and no infection was found. Most of the awareness rate of schistosomiasis control knowledge and the rate of correct behavior formation were over 80% in residents and students. Conclusions The achievements of schistosomiasis control are consolidated in Songjiang District; however, there are still risk factors of schistosomiasis transmission, including residual snails, snail diffusion and importation of external source of infection. The future surveillance of schistosomiasis should focus on snails and sources of infection.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818511

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the surveillance data after schistosomiasis transmission interruption from 1985 to 2018, so as to provide scientific basis for the future prevention and control of schistosomiasis. Methods The data pertaining to snail survey, surveillance of schistosomiasis in humans and livestock, and health education were collected and analyzed in Songjiang District after schistosomiasis transmission interruption from 1985 to 2018. Results From 1985 to 2018, there were 8 townships, 68 villages and 1 462 settings with snails in Songjiang District, covering an area of 96.399 hm2. There were 4 townships and 59 villages with snails newly identified in previously schistosomiasis non-endemic areas, with emerging snail habitats of 60.161 hm2. A total of 26 148 snails were captured, and no infections were detected. The snail habitats were mainly distributed in the river course, ditches and farmlands, which accounted for 45.28%, 33.17% and 21.55% of total snail habitats, respectively. A total of 245 955 humans were subjected to the serological test, with a positive rate of 0.03%, and 37 humans were subjected to the parasitological test, with 3 positives detected. These three egg-positives were all imported chronic cases with schistosomiasis. A total of 9 109 livestock were detected using the serological test, and no infection was found. Most of the awareness rate of schistosomiasis control knowledge and the rate of correct behavior formation were over 80% in residents and students. Conclusions The achievements of schistosomiasis control are consolidated in Songjiang District; however, there are still risk factors of schistosomiasis transmission, including residual snails, snail diffusion and importation of external source of infection. The future surveillance of schistosomiasis should focus on snails and sources of infection.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830032

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to perform a systematic review of the literature for application of intranasal sodium citrate in the patients with olfactory dysfunction to help determine the sodium citrate treatments for this condition. Two authors independently searched the data base (Medline, Scopus, and the Cochrane database) for relevant studies from inception to January 2018. Included studies were randomized controlled studies published in English comparing topical sodium citrate application (treatment group) with saline (control group) in patients who had olfactory dysfunction. Outcomes of interest included the change of olfactory identification and threshold during 2 hours post-treatment. Three studies were enrolled in the meta-analysis. Compared with control group, treatment group did not increase posttreatment score of olfactory identification [standardized mean difference (SMD)=-0.03; 95% confidence interval (CI)=-0.29-0.24; I²=0%] and olfactory threshold (SMD=0.18; 95% CI=-0.09-0.45; I²=0%) significantly. In the degree of pre-post improvement of two outcomes, although treatment group statistically showed the significant improvement in olfactory threshold (SMD=0.30; 95% CI=0.05-0.55; I²=17%), the clinical significance of this outcome was meaningless. Similarly, there was no significant difference in olfactory identification between two groups (SMD=0.17; 95% CI=-0.11-0.45; I²=22%). Unlike the recent favorable results, our summated results presented the uselessness for the local application of sodium citrate in improving patient's olfactory function. However, we also had some limitation such as small sample size and inconsistent application methods. Therefore, larger trials and standardized methodology are needed to reach more stronger and exact results.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778712

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the condition of tick carrying CRT(Candidatus rickettsia tarasevichiae) and compound infection with SFTSV(Sever fever thrombocytopenia syndrome virus) in Yanbian area of Jilin province. Methods Free ticks were collected from 6 counties including Yanji, Wangqing, Hunchun, Dunhua, Antu and Helong in the Korean Autonomous Prefecture of Jilin Province(Yanbian Prefecture) by using the flagging, and they were classified morphologically. The CRT and SFTSV in ticks were detected by Nest PCR(Nested polymerase chain reaction) and Real Time RT-PCR(Real-time Quantitative polymerase chain reaction) methods. Target DNA sequencing was performed for CRT positive products, and the homology of gene sequence and phylogenetic relationship were analyzed. Results A total of 1032 ticks were collected in this study, including ixodes persulcatus (35.56%) and dermacenter silvarum (20.64%). haemaphysalis japonica (20.45%), haemaphysalis longicornis (10.47%), haemaphysalis concinna (8.33%),others( 4.55%). The CRT was detected from the Ixodes persulcatus, Haemaphysalis longicornis, Haemaphysalis japonica Dermacentor silvarum. The MIR(Minimum infection rate per 100 ticks) of CRT was 10.47%.The SFTSV was detected from the Haemaphysalis-concinna, Haemaphysalis-japonica,Ixodes-persulcatus,Haemaphysalis-longicornis,Dermacentor-silvarum. The MIR of SFTSV was 2.52 %. Three species of ticks, including Ixodes persulcatus(2.45%), Haemaphysalis japonica(1.42%), and dermacentor silvarum(0.47%), had CRT and SFTSV compound infections, and the MIR of two pathogens compound infections was 1.26 %. In this study, the gene sequence of CRT positive PCR products ompA and 17kDa with nucleotide sequence of Xinyang plant of HeNan XinYang strain (KX365196.1),had homology of 100%. Phylogenetic analysis showed that CRT ompA and the HeNan XinYang strain (KX365196.1) gene sequences formed a cluster in Yanbian, while the 17 kDa gene formed an independent branch. Conclusions For the first time, CRT was detected from free ticks in Yanbian area of Jilin Province, and it was found that Ixodes persulcatus may be the main medium of transmission of the pathogen. At the same time, it was found that CRT and SFTSV have compound infection in ticks of Yanbian area. Therefore, it can be clearly identified that Yanbian area in Jilin Province is the natural source of CRT, and there are two pathogenic compound infections in the local ticks.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777946

ABSTRACT

Objective To mastered the distribution characteristics of Haemaphysalis longicornis in the Tumen River basin along the border between Russia, Korea and Northeast China, and understand the status of Haemaphysalis longicornis carrying the virus of fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS), then, isolate the virus and analyze its genetic characteristics. Method Ticks were collected from Hunchun, Tumen, Helong and Longjing cities in the Tumen River basin of Jilin Province from April to September, 2017. Haemaphysalis longicornis was selected and grouped. SFTS virus was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Virus isolation was carried out in Vero cells, besides, S,M,L gene segments were amplified . The homology of S, M and L gene segments was compared, phylogenetic tree was established, and their gene characteristics were analyzed. Result Haemaphysalis longicornis mainly distributed in Hunchun and Tumen City in the lower reaches of Tumen River. It was the dominant species in the two counties, reaching 71.85% and 87.62% respectively. A virus named YBHC-TICK2-2017/CHINA was isolated from Haemaphysalis longicornis collected in Hunchun. The sequences of S segment (1 746 bp), M segment (3 336 bp) and L segment (6 376 bp) of the virus were 98.00%-99.00%, homologous to those of SFTS virus isolates from China and Korea recorded in National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Gen Bank. Phylogenetic tree analysis showed that the S segment gene sequence of the virus strain was divided into a cluster with Jilin strain (KT890282) in China, and M segment and L segment gene sequence with Jiangsu strain (KR230781) in China. Conclusions Haemaphysalis longicornis are widely distributed in the lower reaches of the Tumen river. It was the first time that SFTS virus was isolated from Haemaphysalis longicornis in this area, suggesting that this area is important for SFTS prevention.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760099

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to perform a systematic review of the literature for application of intranasal sodium citrate in the patients with olfactory dysfunction to help determine the sodium citrate treatments for this condition. Two authors independently searched the data base (Medline, Scopus, and the Cochrane database) for relevant studies from inception to January 2018. Included studies were randomized controlled studies published in English comparing topical sodium citrate application (treatment group) with saline (control group) in patients who had olfactory dysfunction. Outcomes of interest included the change of olfactory identification and threshold during 2 hours post-treatment. Three studies were enrolled in the meta-analysis. Compared with control group, treatment group did not increase posttreatment score of olfactory identification [standardized mean difference (SMD)=-0.03; 95% confidence interval (CI)=-0.29-0.24; I²=0%] and olfactory threshold (SMD=0.18; 95% CI=-0.09-0.45; I²=0%) significantly. In the degree of pre-post improvement of two outcomes, although treatment group statistically showed the significant improvement in olfactory threshold (SMD=0.30; 95% CI=0.05-0.55; I²=17%), the clinical significance of this outcome was meaningless. Similarly, there was no significant difference in olfactory identification between two groups (SMD=0.17; 95% CI=-0.11-0.45; I²=22%). Unlike the recent favorable results, our summated results presented the uselessness for the local application of sodium citrate in improving patient's olfactory function. However, we also had some limitation such as small sample size and inconsistent application methods. Therefore, larger trials and standardized methodology are needed to reach more stronger and exact results.


Subject(s)
Citric Acid , Humans , Sample Size , Sodium
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774210

ABSTRACT

Exercise is vital for diabetics to improve their blood glucose level. However, the quantitative relationship between exercise modes (including types, intensity, time, etc.) and the blood glucose is still not clear. In order to answer these questions, this paper established a blood glucose metabolic model based on ordinary differential equation method. Furthermore, a silico method was adopted to study the effects of different aerobic exercise intensities (light, moderate and vigorous) on blood glucose and optimal strategies of insulin infusion for type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Additionally, the universality of proposed model and insulin infusion strategies was verified based on 1 000 virtual diabetes patients' simulation. The experimental results showed that: (1) Vigorous-intensity aerobic exercise may result in hypoglycemia ( 6.11 mmol/L) period, however, its overall blood glucose risk index (BGRI) was lower. (2) Insulin dosage of the optimized strategies decreased by 50% and 84% for T1DM and T2DM when they did moderate intensity exercise. As for light intensity exercise, the dosage of insulin was almost the same as they didn't do exercise, but BGRI decreased significantly. (3) The simulations of 1 000 virtual diabetic patients manifested that the proposed model and the insulin infusion strategies had good universality. The results of this study can not only help to improve the quantitative understanding about the effects of aerobic exercise on blood glucose of diabetic patients, but also contribute to the regulation and management of blood glucose in exercise mode.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Computer Simulation , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Exercise , Humans , Insulin , Models, Theoretical
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1289-1293, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781792

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupoint stimulation on the quality of recovery in patients with radical thyroidectomy under the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS).@*METHODS@#A total of 62 patients with radical thyroidectomy were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 31 cases in each one. In both of the two groups, general anesthesia with tracheal intubation was applied, the same anesthesia induction and maintenance medication were given. In the observation group, auricular point pressing with magnetic beads was adopted at bilateral shenmen (TF) and transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (dilatational wave, 2 Hz/100 Hz in frequency, 6 to 12 mA) was performed at bilateral Hegu (LI 4) and Neiguan (PC 6) from 30 min before anesthesia induction to the end of the anesthesia. In the control group, medical adhesive plaster was pasted at bilateral shenmen (TF) and the electrodes were plastered at bilateral Hegu (LI 4) and Neiguan (PC 6) with no corresponding stimulation. In both of the two groups, visual analogue scale for anxiety (VAS-A) score was observed to evaluate the anxiety severity before anesthesia induction; the total intraoperative dosages of sufentanil, remifentanil and propofol were recorded; the numerical rating scale (NRS) score was used to assess the pain severity of instant time (T0) and 30 min (T1) of entering post-anesthesia recovery room (PACU), motor and static mode at 2 h (T2), 6 h (T3), 12 h (T4), 24 h (T5) after surgery; time of first anal exhaust, time of getting out of bed after surgery, total hospitalization time and the incidences of postoperative nausea and vomiting were observed; the quality of recovery was assessed by the 40-item quality of recovery score (QoR-40).@*RESULTS@#The VAS-A score and the total intraoperative dosage of remifentanil in the observation group were reduced compared with the control group (0.05). The time of first anal exhaust and getting out of bed after surgery in the observation group were advanced than those in the control group (0.05). Compared with the control group, the QoR-40 score was increased in the observation group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupoint stimulation can improve the preoperative anxiety in patients with radical thyroidectomy, reduce the intraoperative anesthetic dosage and postoperative pain, advance the time of anal exhaust and getting out of bed, improve the quality of postoperative recovery and enhance the recovery process.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Humans , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting , Thyroidectomy , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
15.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 525-527, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709298

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the effects of different therapies on patient survival,to explore the related prognostic factors in elderly patients with advanced gastric cancer,and to provide recommendations for the treatment of such patients.Methods Retrospective analysis was conducted on 146 elderly patients with advanced gastric cancer hospitalized from January 2009 to October 2013 in Yixing People's Hospital of Jiangsu Province.Detailed clinical data were recorded,and patients were followed up during the total survival time.Univariate analysis with the Log rank test and multivariate analysis with the COX proportional hazard model were utilized to examine the related prognostic factors in elderly patients with advanced gastric cancer.Results The 1-,2,3-year survival rates of t46 elderly patients with advanced gastric cancer were 33.6 %,11.0 %,and 2.1 %,respectively,and the median survival time was 10.3 months.The Log-rank test showed that Karnofsky (KPS) score,differentiation degree,number of metastatic sites,malignant serous effusion,chemotherapy,and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) were associated with the prognosis of elderly patients with advanced GC (all P<0.05).Multivariate analysis by the COX proportional hazard model showed that KPS score (HR=1.575,95% CI:1.094 2.267,P=0.015),differentiation degree (HR=0.499,95%CI:0.340-0.732,P<0.001),malignant serous effusion (HR=0.516,95% CI:0.356-0.748,P< 0.001),chemotherapy (HR=1.669,95% CI:1.185 2.351,P=0.003),and TCM (HR=1.793,95% CI:1.237-2.600,P=0.002) were independent factors related to the prognosis of elderly patients with advanced GC.Conclusions The prognosis of elderly patients with advanced gastric cancer is poor,especially for patients with a low KPS score,a poor differentiation degree,or malignant serous effusion.Chemotherapy and TCM can improve the prognosis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 972-975, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810312

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of catheter-directed interventional therapy in patients with acute pulmonary embolism(PE).@*Methods@#PE was diagnosed by CT pulmonary angiography(CTPA). After risk stratification, a total of 79 PE patients (age (58.9±14.9) years old)were treated with catheter-directed interventional therapy via pulmonary vessels. The changes of pulmonary hemodynamics were compared before and after treatment. The risk of complications and side effects were observed.@*Results@#The pulmonary artery pressure was changed followed by interventional therapy. The interventional therapy significantly decreased mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) from (35.3±11.2)mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to (30.0±10.6)mmHg (t=8.803,P<0.05) and the echocardiographic derived right ventricular dimension to left ventricular dimension (RV/LV) ratio from 0.93±0.16 to 0.83±0.15 (t=6.868,P<0.05). The arterial partial pressure of oxygen was increased from (69.0±8.6)mmHg to (75.1±9.9)mmHg (t=8.561,P<0.05) . The oxygen saturation was also increased from (93.9±2.9)% to (95.1±1.9)% at 24 h after the treatment (t=2.621,P<0.05) . Patients were further grouped as high-risk group (n=28) and intermediate risk group (n=51). mPAP and RV/LV ratio were significantly reduced in the two subgroups (all P<0.05) and the range of reduction was more significant in the high-risk group. Five patients experienced minor bleeding complication, 3 patients suffered worsened dispone post procedure and were treated with mechanical ventilation, 1 patient died, and 1 patient developed recurrent PE.@*Conclusion@#The catheter-directed interventional therapy improves pulmonary hemodynamics and reduces load of right ventricle both in high-risk or intermediate risk PE patients, this therapy strategy is safe and effective for patients with PE.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 812-816, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810227

ABSTRACT

Objective@#PLASMIC score was evaluated its value in differential diagnosis between the patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) and those with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) .@*Method@#Twenty-four patients with TTP and 41 cases with DIC were retrospectively analyzed in this study. The platelet count, average red blood cell volume, indirect bilirubin, creatinine and prothrombin time international normalised ratio were collected, and then PLASMIC scores were calculated.@*Results@#According to the risk classification of PLASMIC score, three (12.5%) TTP patients had moderate risk, and the rest 21 (87.5%) cases had high risk. In DIC patients, 92.7% cases were in low risk group, 4.9% at moderate risk, and only one case had high risk. Of these 65 patients, the sensitivity and the specificity to TTP of the high risk of the scoring system were 87.5% and 97.6%, respectively.@*Conclusion@#The patients with high risk of PLASMIC score correlated well with clinical TTP diagnosis. The scoring system showed to be an excellent diagnostic model to distinguish TTP patients from those with DIC.

18.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 450-454, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806929

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical characteristics of extremely severe burn patients complicated with severe inhalation injury caused by dust explosion.@*Methods@#The medical records of 13 extremely severe burn patients complicated with severe inhalation injury in August 2nd Kunshan factory aluminum dust explosion accident, who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University on August 2nd, 2014, were retrospectively analyzed. The following indicators were collected: (1) Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) score and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score at post admission hour (PAH) 24. (2) Prognosis, death time, causes of death, and the mortality of patients with different sexes. (3) The number of times of airway electronic bronchoscopy, airway characteristics, and the corresponding onset time. (4) The number and result of microorganism culture of lesion tissue during the leukoplakia formation stage. Detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in patients with and without leukoplakia in airway mucosa. Fisher′s exact probability test was used to detect the mortality of patients with different sexes. Kappa test was used to detect the relevancy between leukoplakia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.@*Results@#(1) The APACHE Ⅱ score of patients of this group at PAH 24 was (19±3) points, and the SOFA score was (12±3) points. (2) Eight patients survived, while 5 patients died, and the time of death was 19-46 (34±10) d after injury. The main cause of death was multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, which was secondary to severe infection. One of the 7 male patients and 4 of the 6 female patients died, but there was no significantly statistical difference in mortality between patients of the two sexes (P>0.05). (3) Airway electronic bronchoscopy was performed 4-25 (10±5) times among patients of this group. Hyperemia and edema were found in the airway mucosa of all the 13 patients 2-3 weeks after injury; ulcer was found in the airway mucosa of 5 patients 2-4 weeks after injury; leukoplakia was found in the airway mucosa of 7 patients 4-14 weeks after injury; granulation formed in the airway mucosa of 7 patients 10-15 weeks after injury, and airway patency was affected, which was solved after local clamping or replacement of lengthened tracheal cannula. (4) During the leukoplakia formation stage, 19 cases of microorganism culture were performed basing on airway lesion tissue, and the results were 15 cases of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 5 cases of Acinetobacter baumannii, 2 cases of Serratia marcescens, as well as 1 case of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Burkholderia cepacia, and Proteus mirabilis each. Among 7 patients with airway mucosa leukoplakia, 6 patients were detected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Among 6 patients without airway mucosa leukoplakia, 1 patient was detected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The appearance of leukoplakia was consistent with the detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Kappa=0.69, P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Most of these extremely severe burn patients complicated with severe inhalation injury caused by dust explosion survived, and there was no significant gender difference in mortality. Electronic bronchoscopy showed that the early manifestations of airway mucosa were hyperemia and edema, followed by varying degrees of erosion, ulcer, leukoplakia, and granulation formation, etc. Leukoplakia may be relevant to Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection.

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Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 40-46, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805945

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of early enteral nutrition (EEN) in the treatment of patients with severe burns.@*Methods@#Medical records of 52 patients with severe burns hospitalized in the three affiliations of authors from August to September in 2014 were retrospectively analyzed and divided into EEN group (n=28) and non-early enteral nutrition (NEEN) group (n=24) according to the initiation time of enteral nutrition. On the basis of routine treatment, enteral nutrition was given to patients in group EEN within post injury day (POD) 3, while enteral nutrition was given to patients in group NEEN after POD 3. The following items were compared between patients of the two groups, such as the ratio of enteral nutrition intake to total energy intake, the ratio of parenteral nutrition intake to total energy intake, the ratio of total energy intake to energy target on POD 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 21, and 28, the levels of prealbumin, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) score on POD 1, 3, 7, 14, and 28, the first operation time, the number of operations, and the frequencies of abdominal distension, diarrhea, vomiting, aspiration, catheter blockage, and low blood sugar within POD 28. Data were processed with χ2test, ttest, Wilcoxon rank sum test, and Bonferroni correction.@*Results@#(1) The ratio of parenteral nutrition intake to total energy intake of patients in group EEN on POD 1 was obviously lower than that in group NEEN (Z=2.078, P<0.05). The ratio of enteral nutrition intake to total energy intake and the ratio of total energy intake to energy target of patients in group EEN on POD 2 and 3 were obviously higher than those in group NEEN (Z=5.766, 6.404, t=4.907, 6.378, P<0.01). The ratio of total energy intake to energy target of patients in group EEN was obviously lower than that in group NEEN on POD 4, 5, 6, and 7 (t=4.635, 2.547, 3.751, 5.373, P<0.05 or P<0.01). On POD 2, 4, 5, 14, 21, and 28, the ratio of enteral nutrition intake to total energy intake of patients in group EEN was obviously higher than the ratio of parenteral nutrition intake to total energy intake within the same group (Z=5.326, 2.046, 2.129, 4.118, 3.174, 3.963, P<0.05 or P<0.01). In group NEEN, the ratio of enteral nutrition to total energy intake of patients on POD 1, 2, and 3 was obviously lower than the ratio of parenteral nutrition intake to total energy intake within the same group (Z=2.591, 2.591, 3.293, P<0.05 or P<0.01), while the ratio of enteral nutrition to total energy intake of patients on POD 14, 21, 28 was obviously higher than the ratio of parenteral nutrition intake to total energy intake within the same group (Z=2.529, 3.173, 3.133, P<0.05 or P<0.01). (2) The prealbumin levels of patients in the two groups were close on POD 1, 3, 7, and 14 (t=1.983, 0.093, 0.832, 1.475, P>0.05). On POD 28, the prealbumin level of patients in group EEN was obviously higher than that in group NEEN (t=3.163, P<0.05). The levels of serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, total bilirubin, and direct bilirubin of patients in the two groups at all time points post injury were close (Z=1.340, 0.547, 0.245, 0.387, 0.009, 1.170, 0.340, 1.491, 0.274, 1.953, 0.527, 0.789, 0.474, 1.156, 0.482, 0.268, 0.190, 0.116, 1.194, 0.431, P>0.05). (3) The APACHE Ⅱ scores of patients in group EEN were (22.5±3.1) and (15.6±3.8) points respectively on POD 1 and 3, which were close to (23.6±3.0) and (17.6±4.2) points of patients in group NEEN (t=1.352, 1.733, P>0.05). The APACHE Ⅱ scores of patients in group EEN on POD 7, 14, and 28 were (13.6±3.6), (13.8±4.1), and (15.5±4.1) points, respectively, which were obviously lower than (18.5±3.9), (19.5±4.2) and (20.8±3.8) points of patients in group NEEN (t=4.677, 4.843, 4.792, P<0.05). (4) Within POD 28, the time of the first operation, the number of operations, and the frequencies of abdominal distension, diarrhea, vomiting, aspiration, catheter blockage and hypoglycemia were similar between patients of the two groups (t=0.684, 0.782, Z=0.161, 1.751, 0.525, 0.764, 0.190, 0.199, P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#EEN in the treatment of patients with severe burns potentially increases the energy intake at early stage and improves APACHE Ⅱ score and prealbumin level on POD 28, without increasing frequencies of adverse reactions.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694108

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of high altitude exposure and short-term acclimation on the platelet-associated parameters by studying the changes of platelet-associated parameters in healthy young man.Methods Four hundred and sixtytwo young men were recruited from Chengdu (the elevation of 500m) during Jun.2012 to Aug.2013 according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,of which 193 had been living in Chengdu (plain group),and 269 flew from Chengdu to Lhasa (3700m) in 2 hours,and then 147 of them were exposed in the high altitude for 1 day (acute high altitude exposure group),and another 122 for 7 days (short-term acclimation group).The demographic data were collected and the blood routine and platelet-associated parameters were measured of all the participants,and then the information collected were compared between the 3 groups.Results Compared to the plain group,the platelet count (PLT),platelet distribution width (PDW) and plateletcrit (PCT) reduced and the mean platelet volume (MPV) increased significantly (P<0.05) in the acute high altitude exposure group;while all the indexes in short-term acclimation group returned to approach the levels in the plain group,but statistical differences still existed in PLT,PDW and PCT (P<0.05).The platelet activating factor (PAF) and epinephrine (Epi) decreased markedly in acute high altitude exposure group than in plain group (P<0.05);while in short-term acclimation group,the PAF returned to approach the level in plain group,and the Epi was further down (P<0.05).In addition,no marked difference of 5-HT level was observed in the 3 groups (P>0.05).Pearson correlation analysis indicated that high altitude-induced reduction of oxygen saturation (SpO2) was positively related to the changes of PLT.Conclusions Acute high altitude exposure may reduce PLT,PDW and PCT levels,but elevate MPV and enhance the platelet activity.The reduction of SpO2 might be associated with the changes of PLT,PDW and PCT.Platelet-associated parameters may be recovered to normal with a compensatory effect after short-term acclimation.

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