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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 890-899, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012253

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the feasibility of using donors with novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) when there are no other available donors and allo-HSCT cannot be delayed or discontinued. Methods: Seventy-one patients with malignant hematological diseases undergoing allo-HSCT between December 8, 2022, and January 10, 2023, were included. Of these, 16 received grafts from donors with mild COVID-19 (D-COVID(+) group) and 55 received grafts from donors without COVID-19 (D-COVID(-) group). The graft compositions were compared between the two groups. Engraftment, acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), overall survival (OS), and relapse were also evaluated. Results: There were no serious side effects or adverse events in the D-COVID(+) group. The mononuclear cell dose and CD34(+) cell dose were comparable between the two groups, and no additional apheresis was required. There were no significant differences in the lymphocyte, monocyte, and T-cell subset doses between the two groups. The median natural killer cell dose in the D-COVID(+) group was significantly higher than that in the D-COVID(-) group (0.69×10(8)/kg vs. 0.53×10(8)/kg, P=0.031). The median follow-up time was 72 (33-104) days. All patients achieved primary engraftment. The 60-day platelet engraftment rates in the D-COVID(+) and D-COVID(-) groups were 100% and (96.4±0.2) %, respectively (P=0.568). There were no significant differences in neutrophil (P=0.309) and platelet (P=0.544) engraftment times. The cumulative incidence of grade 2-4 aGVHD was (37.5±1.6) % vs. (16.4±0.3) % (P=0.062), and of grade 3-4 aGVHD was 25.0% ±1.3% vs. 9.1% ±0.2% (P=0.095) in the D-COVID(+) and D-COVID(-) groups, respectively. The probabilities of 60-day OS were 100% and 98.1% ±1.8% (P=0.522) in the D-COVID(+) and D-COVID(-) groups, respectively. There was no relapse of primary disease during the study period. Conclusion: When allo-HSCT cannot be delayed or discontinued and no other donor is available, a donor with mild COVID-19 should be considered if tolerable. Larger sample sizes and longer follow-up periods are required to validate these results.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Tissue Donors , Graft vs Host Disease
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1232-1244, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978701

ABSTRACT

Human hormones at trace levels play a vital role in the regulation of a variety of functions and systems in the body, and an imbalance in hormone levels can lead to the emergence and development of diverse diseases. Therefore, the development of reliable sample pretreatment methods and sensitive and accurate analytical techniques for human hormone detection could contribute to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases, providing significant improvement for human health. Human samples which are usually used to detecting hormones, such as blood, saliva, urine and other matrix are more complex, so sample pretreatment is an important step to ensure the accuracy and reliability in the detection of hormones. In this review three common sample pretreatment methods including solid phase extraction (SPE), liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) and protein precipitation (PP) methods are discussed. Then, recent research progress in conventional techniques like liquid/gas chromatography and liquid/gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/GC-MS/MS), as well as some novel strategies, such as immunoassay including chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA), lateral-flow immunoassay (LFIA) and time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay (TRFIA), and sensor technology including electrochemical (EC), fluorescent (FL) and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) sensors, and microfluidic chip analysis are discussed for human hormone detection. Finally, the future perspective on the use of these methods for hormone detection is considered. It is hoped to provide powerful insights to researchers for the relevant researches.

3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 400-407, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929627

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the differences in the biological effects of different expansion systems on natural killer (NK) cells, as well as the safety and preliminary clinical efficacy in the treatment of patients with recurrence after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) . Methods: Peripheral blood cells from healthy donors were stimulated with either CD3 combined with CD52 or K562 feeder cells loaded with IL-21/4-1BB to induce NK cell expansion. Changes in the NK cell phenotype, cytokine secretion, and cytotoxicity before and after expansion were detected. We also evaluated the safety and clinical efficacy of two different expansion strategies for patients received NK infusion. Results: Compared with the CD3/CD52 monoclonal antibody amplification system, the feeder cell expansion group had a higher purity of NK cells and higher expression ratios of NK cell surface activation receptors such as DNAM-1 and NKp30, while inhibitory receptor CTLA-4 expression was low and NKG2D/CD25/CD69/ Trail/PD-1/TIM-3/TIGIT had no statistically significant differences between the groups. Further functional results showed that the expression level of KI67 in NK cells after expansion in the two groups increased significantly, especially in the feeder cell expansion group. Simultaneously, the perforin and granzyme B levels of NK cells in the feeder cell expansion group were significantly higher than in the CD3/CD52 expansion group. A retrospective analysis of eight patients who received monoclonal antibody-expanded NK cell reinfusion and nine patients with trophoblast cell-expanded NK cell reinfusion was done. The disease characteristics of the two groups were comparable, NK cell reinfusion was safe, and there were no obvious adverse reactions. Clinical prognostic results showed that in the CD3/CD52 monoclonal antibody amplification group, the MRD conversion rate was 50% (2/4) , and the feeder cell expansion group was 50% (3/6) . After 5 years of follow-up from allo-HSCT, three patients in the monoclonal antibody expansion group had long-term survival without leukemia, and the remaining five patients had died; two patients died in the feeder cell expansion group, and the other six patients had long-term survival. Six cases had GVHD before NK cell reinfusion, and GVHD did not aggravate or even relieved after NK cell reinfusion. Conclusions: Preliminary results show that the biological characteristics of NK cells with diverse expansion strategies are significantly different, which may affect the clinical prognosis of patients with recurrence or persistent minimal residual disease after HSCT. The two groups of patients treated with NK cells from different expansion strategies had no obvious adverse reactions after NK cell infusion, but efficacy still needs to be further confirmed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Monoclonal/pharmacology , Graft vs Host Disease/metabolism , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Killer Cells, Natural , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
4.
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science ; : 196-203, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967157

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy and clinical usability of an identification model using deep learning for 79 dental implant types. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 45396 implant fixture images were collected through panoramic radiographs of patients who received implant treatment from 2001 to 2020 at 30 dental clinics. The collected implant images were 79 types from 18 manufacturers. EfficientNet and Meta Pseudo Labels algorithms were used. For EfficientNet, EfficientNet-B0 and EfficientNet-B4 were used as submodels. For Meta Pseudo Labels, two models were applied according to the widen factor. Top 1 accuracy was measured for EfficientNet and top 1 and top 5 accuracy for Meta Pseudo Labels were measured. @*Results@#EfficientNet-B0 and EfficientNet-B4 showed top 1 accuracy of 89.4. Meta Pseudo Labels 1 showed top 1 accuracy of 87.96, and Meta pseudo labels 2 with increased widen factor showed 88.35. In Top5 Accuracy, the score of Meta Pseudo Labels 1 was 97.90, which was 0.11% higher than 97.79 of Meta Pseudo Labels 2. @*Conclusion@#All four deep learning algorithms used for implant identification in this study showed close to 90% accuracy. In order to increase the clinical applicability of deep learning for implant identification, it will be necessary to collect a wider amount of data and develop a fine-tuned algorithm for implant identification.

5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 195-200, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928692

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of 40 children with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and provide ideas for clinical diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#The clinical characteristics, risk stratification, and different treatment regimens of 40 cases with MDS admitted in Department of Hematology of Children's Hospital of Soochow University from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2017 was retrospectively analyzed. Kaplan-Meier survival curve were used to estimate 3-year overall survival (OS) rate and event-free survival (EFS) rate.@*RESULTS@#In 40 cases, the ratio of male to female was 1.4∶1.0, male was more than female, and median age was 6.0 years old. Among them, refractory cytopenia (MDS-RCC) was the most common type, and 11 cases were chromosomal abnormalities, 21 cases genetic abnormalities. Fifteen cases accepted hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) treatment, while 25 cases did not but drug therapy alone. The 3-year OS rate of the cases who accepted HSCT or not was (72.2±12.2)% and (35.3±10.2)% (P=0.039), 3-year EFS rate was (65.0±12.9)% and (19.2±8.4)% (P=0.012), respectively. Cox regression analysis showed that age < 7 years old (P=0.0333), initial diagnosed platelet < 50×109/L (P=0.007), presence of complex karyotypes and/or gene mutations (P=0.0002), and treatment without HSCT (P=0.016) were the high-risk factors of prognosis. All the children were classified according to IPSS, WPSS and IPSS-R, while analysis result showed that the above three risk assessment had limitations for risk assessment of MDS in children, they could not comprehensively assess the prognosis of children with MDS.@*CONCLUSION@#MDS-RCC in children is more common. Cox multivariate analysis shows that age < 7 years old, initial diagnosed platelet < 50×109/L, presence of complex karyotypes and/or gene mutation, and treatment without HSCT are the high-risk factors of prognosis in children with MDS. HSCT is the most effective treatment to cure children with MDS at present. The current methods such as IPSS-R commonly used in assessment of prognosis in children with MDS show obvious limitation.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics ; : 164-172, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903491

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to analyze the level of interest that common Internet users have in dental implant using a Google Trends, and to compare the level of interest with big data from National Health Insurance Service. @*Materials and methods@#Google Trends provides a relative search volume for search keywords, which is the average data that visualizes the frequency of searches for those keywords over a specific period of time. Implant was selected as the search keyword to evaluate changes in time flows of general Internet users’ interest from 2015 to 2019 with trend line and 6 month moving average. Relative search volume for implant was analyzed with the number of patients who received National Health Insurance coverage for implant. Interest in implant and conventional denture was compared and popular related search keywords were analyzed. @*Results@#Relative search volume for implant has increased gradually and showed a significant positive correlation with the total number of patients (P <.01). Interest in implant was higher than denture for most of the time. Keywords related to implant cost were most frequently observed in all years and related search on implant procedure was increasing. @*Conclusion@#Within the limitations of this study, the public interest in dental implant was gradually increasing and specific areas of interest were changing. Web-based Google Trends data was also compared with traditional data and significant correlation was confirmed.

7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1145-1151, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014490

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the mechanism of asiatic acid (AA) on alcoholic hepatitis (AH) based on the network pharmacology and experimental verification in vivo methods. Methods The potential mechanism of AA on AH was explored by data collection, network construction, and enrichment analysis. Meanwhile, the model of alcoholic hepatitis disease was induced by in-tragastric administration of edible alcohol every day in SD rats. The key related indicators were detected, including biochemical markers, inflammatory responses, alcohol metabolism, pathological changes in liver tissues, and the expression of proteins of the NF-kB pathway. Results A total of 24 overlapping targets of AA and AH were screened out, and 20 signaling path ways and 12 GO functional entries were obtained. This study focused on the first pathway, hsa05200; Pathways in cancer. The pathway contained NF-kB signaling pathway. In vivo results showed that AA significantly reduced the serum levels of ALT and AST, increased the levels of alcohol metabolism and decreased the liver content of TNF-a and GSH. Additionally, AA significantly inhibited p-IKKa/(3, p-Ii

8.
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science ; : 199-208, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914937

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to compare and evaluate the masking ability of three types of high translucent zirconia according to the various thicknesses and backgrounds. @*Materials and Methods@#Using three types of high-translucency zirconia (Ceramill zolid fx white, Ceramill zolid ht+ white, Ceramill zolid ht+ preshade A2), 10 cylindrical specimens were fabricated in 10mm diameter and each with four thicknesses (0.6 mm, 1.0 mm, 1.5 mm, 2.0 mm), respectively by CAD/CAM method. The background was 10 mm in diameter and 10 mm in thickness. A1, A2, A3 flowable resin backgrounds, blue-colored core resin background, and Ni-Cr alloy background were prepared, and black, white backgrounds provided by the spectrophotometer manufacturer (x-rite, Koblach, Austria) were used. zirconia specimens and the background specimen were stacked to measure L, a*, b* with Spectrophotometer (Color i5, x-rite, Koblach, Austria) and the ∆E value with the other background is calculated. The Calculated mean ∆E values were compared based on perceptibility threshold 1.0 and acceptability threshold 3.7. Nonparametric tests such as Kruskal-Wallis test were performed to verify statistical significance (α = 0.05). @*Results@#There was a significant difference in the mean ∆E value according to the zirconia type, background and thickness change (P = 0.000). @*Conclusion@#According to the results of this study, the pre-colored high-translucent zirconia can obtain the desired zirconia shade when it is restored on teeth, composite resins, and abutments except for the blue resin core.

9.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 282-287, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879430

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the analgesic effect of manipulation loading on chronic low back pain (CLBP) model rats and the expression of inflammatory factors in psoas major muscle tissue, and to explore the improvement of manipulation on local inflammatory microenvironment.@*METHODS@#Thirty two SPF male SD rats weighing 340-360g were randomly divided into blank group, sham operation group, chronic low back pain model group and treatment group, with 8 rats in each group. In the model group, L@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in PWT and PWL between the blank group and the sham operation group after modeling (@*CONCLUSION@#Local massage loading has analgesic effect on CLBP rats, at the same time, it can inhibit the content of CGRP and NGF in psoas muscle tissue of CLBP rats, and improve the local inflammatory microenvironment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Calcitonin , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Low Back Pain/therapy , Nerve Growth Factor/genetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
10.
The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics ; : 164-172, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895787

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to analyze the level of interest that common Internet users have in dental implant using a Google Trends, and to compare the level of interest with big data from National Health Insurance Service. @*Materials and methods@#Google Trends provides a relative search volume for search keywords, which is the average data that visualizes the frequency of searches for those keywords over a specific period of time. Implant was selected as the search keyword to evaluate changes in time flows of general Internet users’ interest from 2015 to 2019 with trend line and 6 month moving average. Relative search volume for implant was analyzed with the number of patients who received National Health Insurance coverage for implant. Interest in implant and conventional denture was compared and popular related search keywords were analyzed. @*Results@#Relative search volume for implant has increased gradually and showed a significant positive correlation with the total number of patients (P <.01). Interest in implant was higher than denture for most of the time. Keywords related to implant cost were most frequently observed in all years and related search on implant procedure was increasing. @*Conclusion@#Within the limitations of this study, the public interest in dental implant was gradually increasing and specific areas of interest were changing. Web-based Google Trends data was also compared with traditional data and significant correlation was confirmed.

11.
The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics ; : 225-232, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837211

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#. This study aimed to fabricate provisional crowns at varying build directions using the digital light processing (DLP)-based 3D printing and evaluate the marginal and internal fit of the provisional crowns using the silicone replica technique (SRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS. The prepared resin tooth was scanned and a single crown was designed using computer-aided design (CAD) software. Provisional crowns were printed usinga DLP-based 3D printer at 6 directions (120°, 135°, 150°, 180°, 210°, 225°) with 10 crowns in each direction. In total, sixty crowns were printed. To measure the marginal and internal fit, a silicone replica was fabricated and the thickness of the silicone impression material was measured using a digital microscope. Sixteen reference points were set and divided into the following 4 groups: marginal gap (MG), cervical gap (CG), axial gap (AG),and occlusal gap (OG). The measurements were statistically analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Dunnett T3. @*RESULTS@#MG, CG, and OG were significantly different by build angle groups (P<.05). The MG and CG were significantly larger in the 120° group than in other groups. OG was the smallest in the 150° and 180° and the largest in the 120° and 135° groups. @*CONCLUSION@#The marginal and internal fit of the 3D-printed provisional crowns can vary depending on the build angle and the best fit was achieved with build angles of 150°and 180°

12.
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science ; : 88-94, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835727

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to analyze the sagittal root position of maxillary anterior teeth and report the frequency of each classification in Korean for immediate implant placement. @*Materials and Methods@#A retrospective review of cone-beam computed tomography (cone-beam CT) images was conducted on 120 patients (60 male and 60 female) who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. After reorientation of the axis, cone-beam CT images were evaluated and the relationship of the sagittal root position (SRP) of the maxillary anterior teeth to its associated osseous housing was recorded. Class I, II, and III were classified respectively when the root was positioned on the labial, central, and palatal aspect of the alveolar bone. Class IV was the position that at least two thirds of the root is engaging both the labial and palatal cortical plates. Then, the angulation of the root axis and the alveolar bone axis was measured. Descriptive statistics and Kruskal-Wallis test were used to compare the angulation according to the root position and SRP class. @*Results@#The frequency distribution of sagittal root position of maxillary anterior teeth indicated that 81.1%, 10.3%, 1.9%, and 6.7% were classified as Class I, II, III, and IV, respectively. The sagittal angulation at approximately 77.5% of central incisor, lateral incisor, and canine was < 20 degrees, but the angle at more than 42.7% of canine was ≥ 20 degrees. Within the class, the angulation was statistically significantly greater in Class I (16.19) compared to Class II (8.72) and Class III (9.93), and smaller in Class IV (3.79). @*Conclusion@#Within the limitation of this study, a majority of the maxillary anterior roots were positioned close to the buccal cortical plate. However, some roots have very thin alveolar bone and sagittal angulation larger than 30 degrees. Therefore, cone-beam CT analyses of the sagittal root position and the sagittal angulation are recommended for the selection of the appropriate dental implant treatment approach.

13.
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science ; : 41-47, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899232

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to evaluate the flexural strength and reliability of highly translucent colored zirconia for all ceramic restoration. @*Materials and Methods@#Bar-shaped specimens (25 × 4 × 2.5 mm) were prepared from highly translucent monolithic zirconia. Three experimental groups were set up according to color (shade A0, A1, and A3). For each group, 20 specimens were prepared. Flexural strength was determined using a 3-point flexural test and results were analyzed with one-way ANOVA test. Weibull statistical analysis provided 2 parameter estimates: Weibull modulus and characteristic strength. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis was performed. @*Results@#There was statistically significant difference between uncolored (Shade A0) and colored (shade A1 and A3) (P 0.05). The uncolored group had higher reliability compared with colored study groups. On x-ray diffraction analysis of each group, typical peaks of tetragonal phase appeared in all groups. @*Conclusion@#Within the limitations of this in vitro study, coloring highly translucent zirconia had significant effect on flexural strength and reliability. Therefore, clinicians should be careful when using highly translucent colored zirconia to prevent breakage of veneering ceramic and enhance aesthetics.

14.
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science ; : 41-47, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891528

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to evaluate the flexural strength and reliability of highly translucent colored zirconia for all ceramic restoration. @*Materials and Methods@#Bar-shaped specimens (25 × 4 × 2.5 mm) were prepared from highly translucent monolithic zirconia. Three experimental groups were set up according to color (shade A0, A1, and A3). For each group, 20 specimens were prepared. Flexural strength was determined using a 3-point flexural test and results were analyzed with one-way ANOVA test. Weibull statistical analysis provided 2 parameter estimates: Weibull modulus and characteristic strength. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis was performed. @*Results@#There was statistically significant difference between uncolored (Shade A0) and colored (shade A1 and A3) (P 0.05). The uncolored group had higher reliability compared with colored study groups. On x-ray diffraction analysis of each group, typical peaks of tetragonal phase appeared in all groups. @*Conclusion@#Within the limitations of this in vitro study, coloring highly translucent zirconia had significant effect on flexural strength and reliability. Therefore, clinicians should be careful when using highly translucent colored zirconia to prevent breakage of veneering ceramic and enhance aesthetics.

15.
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science ; : 214-219, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914923

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between inter-condylar width and inter-maxillary first molar width to present the criteria for prosthetic reconstruction of dental arch width in maxillary and mandibular fully edentulous patients.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#120 Koreans (60 males and 60 females) who underwent the cone beam computerized tomography (Cone-beam CT) were selected. The Cone-beam CT images were analysed using Invivo 5.1. After reorientation of axis, inter-maxillary first molar width was measured by clicking both mesio-buccal cusp tip of maxillary first molar. And inter-condylar width was measured by clicking both middle points of condyles. The collected data were analysed with SPSS Version 20.0 and statistical significance of the correlation between inter-condylar width and inter-maxillary first molar width was verified by Pearson's correlation analysis.@*RESULTS@#The mean inter-condylar width of Korean was 105.9 mm, and that of male (108.3 mm) was statistically significantly wider than the female (103.4 mm). The inter-maxillary first molar width of Korean was 57.1 mm, and that of male (57.9 mm) was statistically significantly wider than the female (56.2 mm). Pearson's correlation analysis between inter-condylar width and inter-maxillary first molar width showed a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.614 and statistically significantly positive correlation.@*CONCLUSION@#Inter-condylar width and inter-maxillary first molar width showed positive correlation and the average ratio of inter-condylar with and inter-maxillary first molar width was 1:0.54. Based on the results of this limited study, inter-condylar width can be used as a guide for setting up dental arch width in fully edentulous patient.

16.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 320-325, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744246

ABSTRACT

AIM:To study the effects of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on brain edema, nerve function damage and autophagy related proteins in rats with head injury.METHODS:The rat model of craniocerebral injury (CI) was constructed.The rats were divided into control group, CI group, and low-, middle-and high-dose bFGF groups (n=10).The CI model was established in CI group, while the rats in control group were not given epidural impact.The rats in low-dose, middle-dose and high-dose bFGF groups were given bFGF at 2, 4 and 6μg, respectively, by intraperitoneal injection after 30 min.The neurological function in the rats was evaluated by improved neurological function scoring.The rat brain tissues were taken, and the water content was detected.The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) , interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-1βin the brain tissue were measured by ELISA.The malondialdehyde (MDA) content was analyzed by thiobarbituric acid method.The activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) was examined by WST-8 assay.The glutathine peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity was detected by colorimetric method.The protein levels of autophagy related proteins LC3-II and beclin-1 in the brain tissues were determined by Western blot.RESULTS:The neurological function score was increased significantly of the rats in CI group.The rat model of craniocerebral injury was successfully constructed.Neurological function scores in the rats in low-dose, middle-dose and high-dose bFGF groups were reduced, the water content of the brain tissue was also reduced (P<0.05).The levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1βwere decreased in the brain tissues (P<0.05) , the content of MDA was declined (P<0.05) , the activities of SOD and GSH-Px were increased (P<0.05) , the protein levels of LC3-II and beclin-1 were decreased, compared with the untreated rats in CI group (P<0.05).CON-CLUSION:bFGF improves the nerve function of the rats with craniocerebral injury, reduces the water content of the brain tissue, reduces the expression of autophagic protein LC3-II and beclin-1.The mechanism is related to the inhibition of inflammatory reaction and oxidative damage.

17.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science ; (12): 445-447, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821742

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To develop a kind of quality control material which simulates clinical specimens for detecting plasma methylated Septin9 (mSEPT9) and investigate the performance for mSEPT9 detection in external quality assessment (EQA) of laboratories. @*Methods@#The cultured Hela and Jurkat cells, known to contain methylated and unmethylated Septin9 gene respectively, were cultured. The genomic DNA of the cells was collected and extracted, and detected by mSEPT9 kit. According to the Ct value, the genomic DNA was diluted into different concentrations of quality control materials with negative plasma. The homogeneity and stability of the quality control materials were evaluated. The panels consisted of 5 blindly coded samples were distributed to EQA participants and the results were summarized and evaluated. @*Results@#The purity and concentration of extracted genomic DNA met with the needs of use and could be used as quality control products for mSEPT9 detection. The homogeneity and stability met with the requirements of China National Accreditation Service for Conformity Assessment. Some of the participating laboratories occurred false positive results and false negative results, and a good linear correlation for the detected results (Ct values) was only observed in about 55.6% of the laboratories. Among the 9 participating laboratories, 7 laboratories (77.8%) performed well, 1 laboratory (11.1%) qualified, and 1 laboratory (11.1%) unqualified. @*Conclusion@#The quality control materials for mSEPT9 detection was successfully developed and the application in external quality assessment should be of great significance for evaluating and improving the detection ability of clinical laboratory.

18.
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science ; : 97-103, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739867

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the Bonwill triangle of Korean using the cone beam computerized tomography (Cone-beam CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 120 Koreans (60 males and 60 females) who visited Daejeon Dental College Hospital of Wonkwang University and who underwent the Cone-beam CT were selected. The Cone-beam CT images were analysed with Invivo 5.1 (Anatomage, San Jose, USA). After reorientation of axis, the intercondylar distance was measured by clicking both middle points of condyle. And the condyle-incisor distance was measured by clicking the middle point of condyle and contact point of the mandibular central incisor's incisal edge. The collected data were analysed using the SPSS Version 23.0 (IBM Inc., Armonk, USA) and statistical significance was verified by gender using independent t-test. RESULTS: The mean intercondylar distance of Korean was 105.9 mm, and the male (108.3 mm) was statistically significantly larger than the female (103.4 mm). The mean condyle-incisor distance of Korean was 105.2 mm, and the male (108.1 mm) was statistically significantly larger than the female (102.3 mm). CONCLUSION: The mean intercondylar distance of Korean in this study was 105.9 mm that was smaller than well-known 110 mm of Caucasian and the male was statistically significantly larger than the female. Within the limitations of this study, it would be necessary to use the articulator which can adjust the intercondylar distance according to the individual for prosthodontic treatment of Korean.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Dental Articulators
19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 833-838, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011870

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the incidence and clinical features to probe the risk factors of hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) in children and adolescents with hematological diseases post haplo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) . Methods: Medical records of 62 children and 27 adolescents with hematological diseases treated with haplo-HSCT between 2015 and 2016 were analyzed. Results: Of 89 cases (56 boys and 33 girls) , 44 patients were diagnosed with ALL, 33 AML, 3 AHL and 9 MDS. HC occurred in 32 of the 89 patients with an incidence of 36%, including 6 with grade Ⅰ, 16 with grade Ⅱ, 8 with grade Ⅲ, 2 with grade Ⅳ HC, respectively. The median time of HC onset was 25 days (range 2-55 days) after haplo-HSCT with the median duration as 19 days (range 3-95 days) , all of them were cured. The incidence of HC was lower in the group of children than that in the group of adolescents (27.4% vs 55.6%, χ(2)=6.466, P<0.05) , and the incidence of HC was higher in the group of patients who were ≥5 years old than that in the group of patients who were <5 years old (0 vs 34%, χ(2)=4.043, P<0.05) . Conclusion: HC is one of common complications in children and adolescents with hematological diseases post haplo-HSCT, older age was associated with increased mortality.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Cystitis , Hematologic Diseases , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 231-235, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011730

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficiency and safety of low intensity conditional regimen for children with Fanconi anemia (FA) receiving allogenic hematopoietic stem cells transplantation (allo-HSCT). Methods: Four patients diagnosed as Fanconi anemia were enrolled in this study. One patient received HLA-identical sibling donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, two patients underwent unrelated donor matched (UD) HSCT, and one patient received unrelated cord blood transplantation. The conditional regimen consisted of Busulfan with low dose of cyclophosphamide. Results: All 4 cases succeeded in allo-HSCT. The median time for neutrophils engraftment was 11(9-15) day, median time to platelets (PLT) engraftment was 12 (8-28) day. One case occurred with grade I of aGVHD, 1 case with hemorrhagic cystitis. No patient happened with hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD). Conclusion: Low intensity of conditional regimen is efficient and safe which should be recommended for FA patients with HSCT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Busulfan , Fanconi Anemia , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Transplantation Conditioning
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