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1.
Diabetes & Metabolism Journal ; : 356-365, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000252

ABSTRACT

Background@#Little is known about the adverse events (AEs) associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). @*Methods@#This study used vaccine AE reporting system data to investigate severe AEs among vaccinated patients with T2DM. A natural language processing algorithm was applied to identify people with and without diabetes. After 1:3 matching, we collected data for 6,829 patients with T2DM and 20,487 healthy controls. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the odds ratio for severe AEs. @*Results@#After COVID-19 vaccination, patients with T2DM were more likely to experience eight severe AEs than controls: cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, encephalitis myelitis encephalomyelitis, Bell’s palsy, lymphadenopathy, ischemic stroke, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), thrombocytopenia (TP), and pulmonary embolism (PE). Moreover, patients with T2DM vaccinated with BNT162b2 and mRNA-1273 were more vulnerable to DVT and TP than those vaccinated with JNJ-78436735. Among patients with T2DM administered mRNA vaccines, mRNA-1273 was safer than BNT162b2 in terms of the risk of DVT and PE. @*Conclusion@#Careful monitoring of severe AEs in patients with T2DM may be necessary, especially for those related to thrombotic events and neurological dysfunctions after COVID-19 vaccination.

2.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 111-119, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968832

ABSTRACT

Background@#The objective of this study was to investigate whether alcohol consumption might affect the quality of life (QOL), depressive mood, and metabolic syndrome in patients with obstructive lung disease (OLD). @*Methods@#Data were obtained from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2014 and 2016. OLD was defined as spirometry of forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity <0.7 in those aged more than 40 years. QOL was evaluated using the European Quality of Life Questionnaire-5D (EQ-5D) index. Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) was used to assess the severity of depressive mood. Alcohol consumption was based on a history of alcohol ingestion during the previous month. @*Results@#A total of 984 participants with OLD (695 males, 289 females, age 65.8±9.7 years) were enrolled. The EQ-5D index was significantly higher in alcohol drinkers (n=525) than in non-alcohol drinkers (n=459) (0.94±0.11 vs. 0.91±0.13, p=0.002). PHQ- 9 scores were considerably lower in alcohol drinkers than in non-alcohol drinkers (2.15±3.57 vs. 2.78±4.13, p=0.013). However, multiple logistic regression analysis showed that alcohol consumption was not associated with EQ-5D index or PHQ-9 score. Body mass index ≥25 kg/m2, triglyceride ≥150 mg/dL, high-density lipoprotein <40 mg/dL in men and <50 mg/dL in women, and blood pressure ≥130/85 mm Hg were significantly more common in alcohol drinkers than in non-alcohol drinkers (all p<0.05). @*Conclusion@#Alcohol consumption did not change the QOL or depressive mood of OLD patients. However, metabolic syndrome-related factors were more common in alcohol drinkers than in non-alcohol drinkers.

3.
Pediatric Emergency Medicine Journal ; : 41-44, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968483

ABSTRACT

With the age of exposure to illegal substances decreasing and abuse of drugs such as methamphetamine increasing, substance abuse is no longer limited to adults. We report a Korean case of a 17-year-old girl with acute methamphetamine poisoning. The girl visited the emergency department for vomiting and loss of consciousness, with needle marks found on both arms. QT prolongation was confirmed on the initial electrocardiogram, so that we suspected drug addiction and proceeded with toxicologic tests. A lethal dose of methamphetamine was confirmed. We discontinued QT prolonging drugs, and closely monitored the girl in the pediatric emergency intensive care unit until the QT prolongation was resolved. This case highlights the recognition of pediatric methamphetamine poisoning in emergency departments.

4.
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology ; : 17-33, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967991

ABSTRACT

Background@#The application of a heated-humidified breathing circuit (HHBC) may reduce respiratory heat loss during mechanical ventilation, but its effect in preventing intraoperative hypothermia is controversial. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of HHBC in maintaining the core temperature of patients receiving mechanical ventilation under general anesthesia. @*Methods@#We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane library (CENTRAL), and Google Scholar to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) up to February 2022 that compared the intraoperative core temperature in patients with heated humidifier (HH) and other circuit devices. The primary outcome was the intraoperative core temperature at the end of surgery. The weighted mean differences (WMDs) between the groups and their 95% CIs were calculated for each outcome. We performed a trial sequential analysis of the primary outcomes to assess whether our results were conclusive. @*Results@#Eighteen RCTs with 993 patients were included in the analysis. A significantly higher core temperature was observed at the end of surgery in patients with HH than those with no device (WMD = 0.734, 95% CI [0.443, 1.025]) or heat and moisture exchanger (WMD = 0.368, 95% CI [0.118, 0.618]), but with substantial heterogeneity. @*Conclusions@#Although HHBC did not absolutely prevent hypothermia, this meta-analysis suggests that it can be used as an effective supplemental device to maintain the intraoperative core temperature under general anesthesia. However, considering the substantial heterogeneity and limitations of this study, further well-designed studies are needed to clarify the effectiveness of HHBC.

5.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e3-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967912

ABSTRACT

Background@#Zinc (Zn) is an essential cofactor for physiological homeostasis in the body.Zn oxide (ZnO), an inorganic compound that supplies Zn, exists in various sizes, and its bioavailability may vary depending on the size in vivo. However, comparative studies on the nutritional effects of micro-sized ZnO (M-ZnO) and nano-sized ZnO (N-ZnO) supplementation on Zn deficiency (ZnD) animal models have not been reported. @*Objectives@#This study investigated the nutritional bioavailability of N-ZnO and M-ZnO particles in dietary-induced ZnD mice. @*Methods@#Animals were divided into six experimental groups: normal group, ZnD control group, and four ZnO treatment groups (Nano-Low, Nano-High, Micro-Low, and MicroHigh). After ZnD induction, N-ZnO or M-ZnO was administered orally every day for 4 weeks. @*Results@#ZnD-associated clinical signs almost disappeared 7 days after N-ZnO or M-ZnO administration. Serum Zn concentrations were higher in the Nano-High group than in the ZnD and M-ZnO groups on day 7 of ZnO treatment. In the liver and testis, Nano-Low and Nano-High groups showed significantly higher Zn concentrations than the other groups after 14-day treatment. ZnO supplementation increased Mt-1 mRNA expression in the liver and testis and Mt-2 mRNA expression in the liver. Based on hematoxylin-and-eosin staining results, N-ZnO supplementation alleviated histological damage induced by ZnD in the testis and liver. @*Conclusions@#This study suggested that N-ZnO can be utilized faster than M-ZnO for nutritional restoration at the early stage of ZnD condition and presented Mt-1 as an indicator of Zn status in the serum, liver, and testis.

6.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Therapies in Psychiatry ; (3): 9-19, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967857

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between personality and decision making in the group of young male depression patients. @*Methods@#Eighty-four male depression patients were subjected to the following test: Beck’s Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), and Beck’s Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Korean Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV (K-WAIS-IV), Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2), Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI), Temperament Character Inventory-Revised Short version (TCI-RS), Delay Discounting Task (DDT), Game of Dice Task (GDT). Pearson’s correlation analysis was used to determine the association between DDT and GDT performance results and self-report examination. Multiple linear regression models were conducted to figure out the causal relationship between risky choice of GDT and the variables suspected of having a linear relationship. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS 21. @*Results@#PAI mania, borderline features, dominance and novelty seeking of TCI-RS were positively correlated with the number of risky choices of GDT. Full Scale Intelligence Quotient, BDI-II, BAI score had no significant correlation with DDT and GDT. There was also no correlation between DDT and GDT. @*Conclusions@#The results suggest that risk taking decision is related to personality traits such as novelty seeking, while inter-temporal choice is not related to personality aspects. It could be inferred that two different decision-making processes take place independently at different brain regions.

7.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e83-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967472

ABSTRACT

Background@#We aimed to investigate the factors associated with neurological manifestations of post-coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) conditions. @*Methods@#We retrospectively collected data from 440 patients who visited our post-COVID-19 clinic more than 4 weeks after severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. We analyzed the prevalence of different neurological symptoms (brain fog, memory impairment, headache, and dizziness) and assessed the associated factors. @*Results@#Brain fog was the most common symptom, observed in 170 patients (38.6%), followed by headaches (n = 137, 31.1%), dizziness (n = 128, 29%), and memory impairment (n = 104, 23.6%). Brain fog was associated with hyposmia or hypogeusia (odds ratio [OR], 2.54; P < 0.001), Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) (OR, 1.06; P < 0.001), and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Anxiety (OR, 1.09; P = 0.037). Memory impairment was associated with sleep problems (OR, 2.83; P < 0.001), FSS (OR, 1.05; P < 0.001), and age (OR, 1.02; P = 0.015). Headache was associated with sleep problems (OR, 2.28; P= 0.001), sex (OR, 1.68; P = 0.042), and FSS (OR, 1.04; P < 0.001). Dizziness was associated with sleep problems (OR, 2.88; P < 0.001), and FSS (OR, 1.04; P < 0.001). The incidence of brain fog ( P < 0.001), memory impairment ( P < 0.001), dizziness (P = 0.007), and headache (P = 0.045) accompanied by hyposmia and hypogeusia was higher in patients with the aforementioned symptoms than in those without. @*Conclusion@#This study suggests that there is a relationship between neurological symptoms and other clinical factors, such as fatigue, depression, anxiety, hyposmia, and hypogeusia.

8.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 227-239, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966413

ABSTRACT

Major depressive disorder is a leading cause of disability in more than 280 million people worldwide. Monoamine-based antidepressants are currently used to treat depression, but delays in treatment effects and lack of responses are major reasons for the need to develop faster and more efficient antidepressants. Studies show that ketamine (KET), a PCP analog, produces antidepressant effects within a few hours of administration that lasts up to a week. However, the use of KET has raised concerns about side effects, as well as the risk of abuse. 4 -F-PCP analog is a novel PCP analog that is also an NMDA receptor antagonist, structurally similar to KET, and might potentially elicit similar antidepressant effects, however, there has been no study on this subject yet. Herein, we investigate whether 4-F-PCP displays antidepressant effects and explored their potential therapeutic mechanisms. 4-F-PCP at 3 and 10 mg/kg doses showed antidepressant-like effects and repeated treatments maintained its effects. Furthermore, treatment with 4-F-PCP rescued the decreased expression of proteins most likely involved in depression and synaptic plasticity. Changes in the excitatory amino acid transporters (EAAT2, EAAT3, EAAT4) were also seen following drug treatment. Lastly, we assessed the possible side effects of 4-F-PCP after long-term treatment (up to 21 days). Results show that 4-F-PCP at 3 mg/kg dose did not alter the cognitive function of mice. Overall, current findings provide significant i

9.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 112-120, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977064

ABSTRACT

Background@#For acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients with history of prior stroke (PS) and diabetes mellitus (DM), intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (IV-tPA) therapy in the 3- to 4.5-hour window is off-label in Korea. This study aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of IV-tPA in these patients. @*Methods@#Using data from a prospective multicenter stroke registry between January 2009 and March 2021, we identified AIS patients who received IV-tPA in the 3- to 4.5-hour window, and compared the outcomes of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (SICH), 3-month mortality, 3-month modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score 0-1 and 3-month mRS distribution between patients with both PS and DM (PS/DM, n=56) versus those with neither PS nor DM, or with only one (non-PS/DM, n=927). @*Results@#The PS/DM group versus the non-PS/DM group was more likely to have a prior disability, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, coronary heart disease and less likely to have atrial fibrillation. The PS/DM and the non-PS/DM groups had comparable rates of SICH (0% vs. 1.7%; p>0.999) and 3-month mortality (10.7% vs. 10.2%; p=0.9112). The rate of 3-month mRS 0-1 was non-significantly lower in the PS/DM group than in the non-PS/DM group (30.4% vs. 40.7%; adjusted odds ratio [95% confidence interval], 0.81 [0.41-1.59]). @*Conclusions@#In the 3- to 4.5-hour window, AIS patients with PS/DM, as compared to those with non-PS/DM, might benefit less from IV-tPA. However, given the similar risks of SICH and mortality, IV-tPA in the late time window could be considered in patients with both PS and DM.

10.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 409-417, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976884

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: The association between boule (BOLL) and endothelin receptor type A (EDNRA) loci and intracranial aneurysm (IA) formation has been reported via genome-wide association studies. We sought to identify genome-wide interactions involving BOLL and EDNRA loci for IA in a Korean adult cohort. @*Methods@#: Genome-wide pairwise interaction analyses of BOLL and EDNRA involving 250 patients with IA and 296 controls were performed using the additive effect model after adjusting for confounding factors. @*Results@#: Among 512575 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), 23 and 11 common SNPs suggested a genome-wide interaction threshold (p<1.25×10-8) involving rs700651 (BOLL) and rs6841581 (EDNRA). Rather than singe SNP effect of BOLL or EDNRA on IA development, they showed a synergistic effect on IA formation via multifactorial pair-wise interactions. The rs1105980 of PTCH1 gene showed the most significant interaction with rs700651 (natural log-transformed odds ratio [lnOR], 1.53; p=6.41×10-11). The rs74585958 of RYK gene interacted strongly with rs6841581 (lnOR, -19.91; p=1.64×10-9). Although, there was no direct interaction between BOLL and EDNRA variants, two EDNRA-interacting gene variants of TNIK (rs11925024 and rs1231) and FTO (rs9302654), and one BOLL-interacting METTL4 gene variant (rs549315) exhibited marginal interaction with BOLL gene. @*Conclusion@#: BOLL or EDNRA may have a synergistic effect on IA formation via multifactorial pair-wise interactions.

11.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 358-366, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976761

ABSTRACT

Background@#Preoperative verification of fracture morphology is essential for determining the definitive fixation strategy in the management of a pilon fracture. This study aimed to determine the correlation between fibular injury patterns and fracture morphologies and introduce clinical implications. @*Methods@#Computed tomography scans of 96 pilon fractures were retrospectively analyzed and divided into three types: intact fibula, simple fracture, and multifragment fracture. The principal fracture line and comminution zones were illustrated on a plafond template and diagrammatized on a 6 × 6 grid using PowerPoint software as fracture mapping. Correlations between fibular injury patterns and fracture morphologies, including comminution zones and principal fracture lines, were analyzed. @*Results@#The thickest comminution zone was most often located in the anterolateral quadrant. According to fibular injury patterns, the comminution zone of the multifragment group was placed two grids more lateral than that of other groups. Lateral exits of the principal fracture line in the multifragment group were much more concentrated within the fibular incisura. @*Conclusions@#In pilon fractures, a more complex fibular fracture pattern was related to the valgus position. Moreover, the articular fracture pattern of pilon fractures differed according to coronal angulation and fibular fracture pattern. These differences should influence the operative approach and placement of the plate.

12.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 494-505, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002214

ABSTRACT

Background@#Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory facial disorder, leading to impaired skin barrier function. Many factors, including skin care habits, affect its occurrence and progress. @*Objective@#This study aimed to investigate clinical manifestation and aggravating factors of rosacea, focusing on skin care habits and lifestyle and to compare them with those of acne patients. @*Methods@#We conducted a cross-sectional survey among 222 patients with rosacea and 127 with acne who visited a university hospital and local dermatologic clinic between July 2021 and June 2022. The patients answered questionnaires consisting of information, such as demographic characteristics, clinical symptoms and signs, skin care habits, and aggravating factors. @*Results@#Age distribution of the patients with rosacea showed a peak incidence among those in their twenties, and the most common comorbidity was metabolic disease. The most common symptom and sign was itching, followed by burning sensation. Regarding skin care habits, 72.8% and 45.0% of the patients practiced excessive cleansing and double cleansing, respectively. The most frequently-used cleanser and basic cosmetic were foaming cleanser (77.5%) and toner (57.5%), respectively. Foundation was used by nearly half of the woman, many of whom used liquid type.Irregular or insufficient sleep and food were the two most common aggravating factor. When compared to patients with acne patients, those with rosacea tended to carry more systemic comorbidities and practiced double cleansing with basic cosmetics more actively. @*Conclusion@#It is important for clinicians to understand various factors affecting occurrence and aggravation of rosacea and educate patients on appropriate skin care habits and lifestyle.

13.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 281-292, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001754

ABSTRACT

Background@#Enlarged perivascular space (ePVS) is recently reported to be associated with cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The topographical location of ePVS may relate to the underlying pathology; basal ganglia (BG)-ePVS has been associated with cerebral vascular diseases and centrum semi-ovale (CSO)-ePVS associated with cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). However, the effects of ePVS on various neurological conditions remain still controversial. To investigate the clinical relevance of ePVS in neurodegenerative diseases, we tested relationships between ePVS and cognition, markers of SVD, vascular risk factors, or amyloid pathology. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed 292 patients (133 AD dementia, 106 mild cognitive impairment, 39 other neurodegenerative diseases, 14 subjective cognitive decline) who underwent both amyloid positron emission tomography and brain magnetic resonance imaging. Vascular risk factors and cognitive tests results were collected. The ePVS in the BG and CSO, SVD markers and the volume of white matter hyperintensities were measured. @*Results@#There were no significant differences in the severity and distribution of ePVS among clinical syndromes. Both BG- and CSO-ePVS were not related to cognitive function. Patients with lacunes were more likely to have high-degree BG-ePVS. High degree CSO-ePVS had an odds ratio (OR) for amyloid positive of 2.351, while BG-ePVS was a negative predictor for amyloid pathology (OR, 0.336). @*Conclusions@#Our findings support that ePVS has different underlying pathologies according to the cerebral topography. BG-ePVS would be attributed to hypertensive angiopathy considering the relation with SVD markers, whereas and CSO-ePVS would be attributed to CAA considering the association with amyloid pathology.

14.
Journal of the Korean Fracture Society ; : 118-124, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001672

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Internal fixation after a femoral neck fracture (FNF) is one of the conventional treatment options for the young and active elderly patients. However, fixation failure of internal fixation is a probable complication. The treatment of fixation failure after a primary internal fixation of the FNF remains a challenge. @*Materials and Methods@#Between July 2002 and March 2017, 83 patients who underwent internal fixation after FNF were retrospectively analyzed. Radiological assessments, including Pauwels’ angle, fracture level, reduction quality, and bone union, were measured, preoperatively and postoperatively.Moreover, intraoperative variables such as time to surgery, surgical time, and estimated blood loss were also evaluated. @*Results@#The patients were divided into the fixation failure and the non-failure groups. Among the 83 patients, 17 cases (20.5%) of fixation failure after the primary internal fixation of the FNF were identi-fied. When comparing the two groups according to the radiographic data, Pauwels’ angle and the reduction quality based on Garden’s angle showed significant differences (p<0.001). Moreover, when comparing the intraoperative variables, unlike the surgical time and estimated blood loss, significant differences were noted in the time interval from injury to surgery and specifically in whether the surgery was performed within 12 hours after injury (p<0.001). @*Conclusion@#Pauwels’ angle, reduction quality, and time to surgery are the major factors that can predict the possibility of internal fixation failure of the FNF. Early and accurate anatomical reduction is needed to decrease complications after the internal fixation of the FNF.

15.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e398-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001175

ABSTRACT

Migrant workers face challenging working conditions, resulting in physical and mental vulnerability. The objective is to identify their health vulnerabilities and ensure their right to health. Health records of 163 migrant workers (113 males and 50 females) (Group A) and 163 Korean citizens (Group B) visiting our institution were analyzed from August 2021 to July 2022. Both groups underwent urine analysis, chest radiography, and various blood tests. Statistical analysis using independent t-tests and χ2 tests was performed. Group A had a significantly higher rate of hepatitis B virus surface antigen-positive patients, lower vaccination rates for hepatitis B, and poorer nutritional status compared to Group B. Group B generally exhibited higher levels of albumin, glucose, total cholesterol, and thyroidstimulating hormone. There were significant quantitative differences in multiple blood cell and hemoglobin measurements between the two groups. These findings emphasize the need for policy support and public awareness to protect the health rights of migrant workers.

16.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e176-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001130

ABSTRACT

Background@#Exercise is an important method to control the progression of diabetes. Since diabetes compromises immune function and increases the risk of infectious diseases, we hypothesized that exercise may affect the risk of infection by its immunoprotective effects.However, population-based cohort studies regarding the association between exercise and the risk of infection are limited, especially regarding changes in exercise frequency. The aim of this study was to determine the association between the change in exercise frequency and the risk of infection among patients with newly diagnosed diabetes. @*Methods@#Data of 10,023 patients with newly diagnosed diabetes were extracted from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-Health Screening Cohort. Self-reported questionnaires for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were used to classify changes in exercise frequency between two consecutive two-year periods of health screenings (2009–2010 and 2011–2012). The association between changes in exercise frequency and the risk of infection was evaluated using multivariable Cox proportional-hazards regression. @*Results@#Compared with engaging in ≥ 5 times of MVPA/week during both periods, a radical decrease in MVPA (from ≥ 5 times of MVPA/week to physical inactivity) was associated with a higher risk of pneumonia (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.60; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03–2.48) and upper respiratory tract infection (aHR, 1.15; 95% CI, 1.01–1.31). In addition, a reduction of MVPA from ≥ 5 to < 5 times of MVPA/week was associated with a higher risk of pneumonia (aHR, 1.52; 95% CI, 1.02–2.27), whereas the risk of upper respiratory tract infection was not higher. @*Conclusion@#Among patients with newly diagnosed diabetes, a reduction in exercise frequency was related to an increase in the risk of pneumonia. For patients with diabetes, a modest level of physical activity may need to be maintained to reduce the risk of pneumonia.

17.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 22-28, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000699

ABSTRACT

Most muscle and tendon injuries in thigh occur in sports activities with high energy, for example kicking and running, related with deceleration phase, which require eccentric contraction of quadriceps and hamstring. Most common injury is hamstring strain injury (HSI) and also common injuries of anterior thigh is quadriceps strain injury. Strain injuries occur at myo-tendinous junction and surrounding muscle fibers and in most strains except complete rupture first choice of treatment is conservative treatment including RICE in acute phase and subsequent rehabilitation programs. In competitive sports activities such as football quadriceps contusion injury is common after heavy collision. Prognosis is dependent on the extension of muscle fiber damage and hematoma formation. Hematoma formation can develop to myositis ossificans or Morel-Lavellee lesion, which can induce pain and disability. Hamstring and quadriceps strain and tendon tear can occur in middle-aged or elderly people in community circumstances after slip down or falling, which lead to sudden lengthening and eccentric contraction of hamstring or quadriceps.Tendon tear including avulsion tear in greater tuberosity has higher proportion than strain, that is opposite in sports injuries, because middle aged or elderly people have higher possibility of tendon degeneration and tendinosis with higher risk of tendon tear. Therefore rapid and accurate diagnosis and proper treatment including rehabilitation program for hamstring and quadriceps injury is necessary in middle aged or elderly people.

18.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 438-447, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000543

ABSTRACT

Recently, ex-vivo gene therapy has emerged as a promising approach to enhance the therapeutic potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) by introducing functional genes in vitro. Here, we explored the need of using selection markers to increase the gene delivery efficiency and evaluated the potential risks associated with their use in the manufacturing process. We used MSCs/CD that carry the cytosine deaminase gene (CD) as a therapeutic gene and a puromycin resistance gene (PuroR) as a selection marker. We evaluated the correlation between the therapeutic efficacy and the purity of therapeutic MSCs/CD by examining their anti-cancer effect on co-cultured U87/GFP cells. To simulate in vivo horizontal transfer of the PuroR gene in vivo, we generated a puromycin-resistant

19.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 415-424, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000539

ABSTRACT

Therapeutic efficacy of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is determined by biodistribution and engraftment in vivo.Compared to intravenous infusion, biodistribution of locally transplanted MSCs are partially understood. Here, we performed a pharmacokinetics (PK) study of MSCs after local transplantation. We grafted human MSCs into the brains of immune-compromised nude mice. Then we extracted genomic DNA from brains, lungs, and livers after transplantation over a month. Using quantitative polymerase chain reaction with human Alu-specific primers, we analyzed biodistribution of the transplanted cells. To evaluate the role of residual immune response in the brain, MSCs expressing a cytosine deaminase (MSCs/CD) were used to ablate resident immune cells at the injection site. The majority of the Alu signals mostly remained at the injection site and decreased over a week, finally becoming undetectable after one month. Negligible signals were transiently detected in the lung and liver during the first week. Suppression of Iba1-positive microglia in the vicinity of the injection site using MSCs/CD prolonged the presence of the Alu signals.After local transplantation in xenograft animal models, human MSCs remain predominantly near the injection site for limited time without disseminating to other organs. Transplantation of human MSCs can locally elicit an immune response in immune compromised animals, and suppressing resident immune cells can prolong the presence of transplanted cells. Our study provides valuable insights into the in vivo fate of locally transplanted stem cells and a local delivery is effective to achieve desired dosages for neurological diseases.

20.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 164-167, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926299

ABSTRACT

The phosphorylated 43-kDa transactive response DNA-binding protein (TDP-43) was identified as a major disease protein in sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration. We present a case with progressive muscle weakness who was diagnosed with sporadic ALS. On postmortem examination, TDP-43 immunoreactive neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions were noted in motor cortex, hippocampus and anterior horns of spinal cord, which was compatible with ALS-TDP, stage 4. This is the first documented autopsy-confirmed ALS case with ALS-TDP pathology in Korea.

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