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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880648

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the role of autophagy in oxalate-induced toxicity of human proximal renal tubular epithelial cell (HK-2).@*METHODS@#HK-2 cells were exposed to oxalate (1 mmol/L) for 2 h and 3-methyladenine (3-MA) was used to inhibit autophagy. Then Western blotting was used to measure the expression of autophagy-related protein LC3II. Cell viability and cell apoptosis were measured by MTT assay and flow cytometry assay, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Cytoplasmic vacuolization was observed in HK-2 cells after treating with oxalate for 2 h. However, 3-MA showed no effects on the formation of cytoplasmic vacuolization regardless of the dose at 1 or 5 mmol/L. The expression of LC3II protein was significantly increased in the HK-2 cells in the presence of oxalate (0.62±0.03 vs 0.35±0.02, @*CONCLUSIONS@#Autophagy of HK-2 cells is enhanced by oxalate at the concentration of 1 mmol/L. Inhibition of 3-MA-induced autophagy protects HK-2 cells from the oxalate-induced cytotoxicity.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cell Line , Epithelial Cells , Humans , Oxalates/toxicity
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876217

ABSTRACT

Objective An analysis of informationized multi-platform big data was conducted to learn about the quality change of health management data for hypertension and diabetes patients in Baoshan District of Shanghai since 2017.The result provided important information for further evaluation of the effect of quality control measures, and the prevention and management of chronic diseases. Methods Height, weight, blood glucose level, diagnosis and treatment information were collected from different databases of patients with hypertension and diabetes in Baoshan District from 2017 to 2019, and the consistency of the data from different sources was analyzed. Results Both the percentages of weight and height inconsistency among patients with hypertension and diabetes together were lower in 2019 than in 2017 (10.99% vs 18.72%, χ2=822.38, P < 0.001 and 0.86% vs 2.74%, χ2=347.03, P < 0.001, respectively).In 2019, the percentage of registered hypertensive patients with abnormal traceability from diagnosis was higher than that in 2017 (12.67% vs 11.72%, χ2=4.01, P=0.045).Similar results were also obtained in patients with diabetes.Analysis of glycated hemoglobin value last position in diabetic patients showed that the coefficient of variation of the last position composition ratio of the value in 2019 was significantly lower than that in 2017 (0.19 vs 0.31).The ratio in patients with the last position of glycosylated hemoglobin value of 0 was lower in 2019(4 701 cases, 12.72%) than that in 2017 (9 485 cases, 17.14%), and the difference was statistically significant. Conclusion The study result shows an improvement in quality management of hypertension and diabetes in Baoshan District of Shanghai.Information technology should be more widely used in promoting technical standardization, strengthening technical training, data quality control and effect evaluation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873071

ABSTRACT

Gardenia has been widely used in clinical practice and with a long history. In order to make better use of gardenia resources,this study summarized historical literatures and modern researches,made textual research on the name,variety,origin,processing and efficacy of Gardenia jasminoides,and found that the name of G. jasminoides mainly reflects the characteristics of G. jasminoides based on form and color to a certain extent. In some cases, the name "Huangzhi" was mixed with water G. jasminoides. The earliest origin of G.jasminoides was Nanyang as recorded in ancient literatures, but with a low yield. Due to the influence of population migration and productivity development,the main origin of G. jasminoides moved to the south,and southern producers were preferred. G. jasminoides was recorded as G. jasminoides, and Gardeniae Fructus could not be used as medicine in literatures of Chinese materia medica,but there were records of "Fat G.jasminoides" and "Great G. jasminoides" as medicines in ancient books of treatment for febrile diseases. The reason for the difference with the literature records of this herb lay in different eras of "Leigong Bombardment Theory" and "Treatise on Febrile Diseases". There were gaps in the yield and harvesting capacity of G.jasminoides,and the herbaceous book was highly standardized, the highest-quality herbs were selected to be used as medicine,and the formularies focused on practicality. According to modern experimental studies,chemical composition and content of Gardeniae Fructus and Gardeniae Fructus were similar with the same choleretic effect. In addition,the processing history and efficacy application of G. jasminoides were also summarized,in order to provide reference for the further study and utilization of G. resources.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 421-427, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867735

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of lateral rectus abdominis approach combined with presacral decompression for surgical treatment of old Denis type II sacral fractures complicated with upper sacral plexus injury.Methods:A retrospective case series study was performed on the clinical data of 9 patients with old Denis type II sacral fractures complicated with upper sacral plexus injury (L 4-S 1) admitted to Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University from June 2010 to December 2016. There were 6 males and 3 females, aged (33.1±7.5)years (range, 15-58 years). Embolization of internal iliac artery and preimplantation of abdominal aortic balloon were performed 2 hours before operation under the guidance of digital subtraction angiography (DSA). Surgery was performed using a single lateral rectus abdominis approach combined with presacral decompression. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and full weight-bearing time were recorded. The visual analogue scale (VAS) and European QOL Five Dimensional health scale (EQ-5D) were compared before and after operation. The Gibbons' impairment scale was used to assess neurological function. X-ray and CT scan were used to observe internal fixation and fracture healing. The complications during and after operation were recorded. Results:The patients were followed up for 24-52 months [(35.2±5.2)months]. The operation time was (2.9±0.6)hours. The intraoperative bleeding was (573±138)ml, and the full weight-bearing time was (11.6±1.2)weeks. X-ray and CT scan showed bone healing in all patients at the latest follow-up. The VAS and EQ-5D scale improved from preoperative (7.8±0.6)points and (0.34±0.07)points to the final follow-up of (0.8±0.3)points and (0.81±0.05)points ( P<0.05). According to Gibbons classification, 8 patients were grade I and 1 patient was grade II one year after operation ( P<0.01). Namely, the radiation pain of lower extremities was significantly improved in all patients, among which 8 patients showed pain disappeared and completely returned to normal and 1 patient showed residual numbness and hypoesthesia of the affected limbs. No major complications (eg, iatrogenic lumbosacral plexus injury, vital blood vessels or pelvic organs injury) occurred during the operation. During the follow-up period, only one patient developed traumatic hip arthritis and underwent total hip arthroplasty 6 months after operation. Fractures of the remaining patients were healed well without complications like infection, pressure ulcer or implant failure. Conclusions:For old Denis type II sacral fractures complicated with upper sacral plexus injury, lateral rectus abdominis approach combined with presacral decompression can fully decompress the upper sacral plexus nerve, relieve pain, and promote functional rehabilitation, with low incidence of complications. It is an alternative surgical method for the treatment of old Denis type II sacral fractures complicated with upper sacral plexus injury.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866574

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical effect of intra-articular injection of platelet rich plasma in the treatment of talar cartilage injury.Methods:From May 2017 to May 2019, 128 patients with talar cartilage injury who were treated in Marine Police Hospital of the Chinese People's Armed Police Force were selected as the study objects.According to the random number table method, they were divided into two groups, with 64 patients in each group.The control group was treated with autogenous osteochondral transplantation, and the study group was treated with autogenous platelet rich plasma intra-articular injection.The degree of pain response was compared between the two groups.The change of ankle function was evaluated, the degree of ankle dorsiflexion and plantar flexion were measured, and the complications after treatment were observed.Results:After treatment, the visual analogue scale(VAS) score of the study group[(2.41±0.34)points] was significantly lower than that of the control group[(3.57±0.45)points]( t=8.639, P<0.05). The ankle hind-foot scale(AOFAS) score of the study group[(88.73±6.68)points] was significantly higher than that of the control group[(82.35±6.41)points]( t=3.684, P<0.05). The overall excellent and good rate of ankle function of the study group(95.31%) was significantly higher than that of the control group(82.81%)(χ 2=5.133, P<0.05). In the study group, the ankle dorsiflexion[(24.83±3.31)°] and plantar flexion[(44.92±5.17)°] were significantly higher than those in the control group[(20.65±3.08)° and (39.61±5.27)°]( t=5.247, 4.083, all P<0.05). The overall incidence of complications in the study group(21.88%) was significantly lower than that in the control group(7.81%)(χ 2=5.006, P<0.05). Conclusion:Compared with autograft osteochondral transplantation, the intra-articular injection of platelet rich plasma can effectively alleviate the pain response of patients with talar cartilage injury, improve the ankle joint function and activity recovery level, and reduce the incidence of complications, which is worthy of clinical application.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880588

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the application of random forest algorithm in screening the risk factors and predictive values for postpartum depression.@*METHODS@#We recruited the participants from a tertiary hospital between June 2017 and June 2018 in Changsha City, and followed up from pregnancy up to 4-6 weeks postpartum.Demographic economics, psychosocial, biological, obstetric, and other factors were assessed at first trimesters with self-designed obstetric information questionnaire and the Chinese version of Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). During 4-6 weeks after delivery, the Chinese version of EPDS was used to score depression and self-designed questionnaire to collect data of delivery and postpartum. The data of subjects were randomly divided into the training data set and the verification data set according to the ratio of 3꞉1. The training data set was used to establish the random forest model of postpartum depression, and the verification data set was used to verify the predictive effects via the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and AUC index.@*RESULTS@#A total of 406 participants were in final analysis. Among them, 150 of whom had EPDS score ≥9, and the incidence of postpartum depression was 36.9%. The predictive effects of random forest model in the verification data set were at accuracy of 80.10%, sensitivity of 61.40%, specificity of 89.10%, positive predictive value of 73.00%, negative predictive value of 82.80%, and AUC index of 0.833. The top 10 predictive influential factors that screening by the variable importance measure in random forest model was antenatal depression, economic worries after delivery, work worries after delivery, free triiodothyronine in first trimesters, high-density lipoprotein in third trimester, venting temper to infants, total serum cholesterol and serum triglyceride in first trimester, hematocrit and serum triglyceride in third trimester.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Random forest has a great advantage in risk prediction for postpartum depression. Through comprehensive evaluation mechanism, it can identify the important influential factors for postpartum depression from complex multi-factors and conduct quantitative analysis, which is of great significance to identify the key factors for postpartum depression and carry out timely and effective intervention.


Subject(s)
Depression, Postpartum/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Postpartum Period , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843987

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of hypoxia on the activation of pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) and progression of pancreatic cancer. Methods :In the present study, PSCs were cultured under normoxic or hypoxic conditions or co-cultured with pancreatic cancer cell line Panc-1. Then, the shRNA of HIF-1α was stably transfected into PSC cells. Activation of PSCs was detected by immunofluorescence. Secretions of IL-6, SDF-1 and VEGF-A in PSCs were determined by ELISA assay. Invasion of Panc-1 was detected by the Transwell assay. The proteins of E-cadherin and Vimentin in Panc-1 cells were determined by Western blot. Results: Hypoxia activated PSCs and significantly increased IL-6, SDF-1 and VEGF-A secretion in PSCs. Moreover, hypoxia significantly upregulated the PSCs-induced invasion of Panc-1 cells, increased the protein expressions of HIF-1α and Vimentin, and decreased the protein expression of E-cadherin. Furthermore, knockdown of HIF-1α obviously abrogated hypoxia-induced PSC activation and IL-6, SDF-1 and VEGF-A secretion in PSCs, and abolished hypoxia-enhanced epithelial-mesenchymal transition and invasion of Panc-1 cells. Conclusion: Hypoxia enhances the epithelial-mesenchymal transition and invasion of PSCs and strengthens HIF-1α expression via activating PSCs.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754775

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the lateral rectus abdominis approach versus posteromedian sacrum approach in the surgical treatment of unstable sacral fracture complicated with lumbosacral plexus injury.Methods From June 2010 to December 2014,33 unstable sacral fractures complicated with lumbosacral plexus injury were treated at Department of Orthopaedics,Spinal and Pelvic Surgery Center,Zhongnan Hospital.Of them,24 were fresh and 9 obsolete.The lateral rectus abdominis approach was adopted in 17 patients and the posteromedian sacrum approach in 16.All the patients received surgical treatment within 2 to 12 weeks (average,4.5 weeks) after injury.The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time,bleeding volume,complications,weight-bearing time,visual analogue scale (VAS),European QOL Five Dimensional health scale (EQ-5D) and lumbosacral injury classification and severity scale (LSICS).Results The 2 groups were compatible due to their insignificant differences in baseline data (P > 0.05).Their follow-up time ranged from 17 to 37 months (average,26.8 months).Perioperatively,infection and necrosis of the lumbosacral incision appeared in 2 patients and iatrogenic injury to the lumbosacral plexus in 3 patients.All the other incisions healed well without major complications like infection,pressure ulcer or implant failure.There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in operation time (235.8± 72.0 minutes versus 318.0 ± 64.7 minutes),intraoperative bleeding volume (558.8 ± 125.7 mL versus 734.0 ±98.0 mL),weight-bearing time (9.4 ±2.4 weeks versus 11.3 ±2.3 weeks),postoperative complications,VAS(1.1 ±0.6 points versus 1.0 ±0.6 points),EQ-5D (0.82 ±0.09 points versus 0.78 ±0.06 points) or LSICS (P > 0.05).The final follow-ups revealed significant improvements in VAS,EQ-5D and LSICS in all the patients (P < 0.05).Conclusion The lumbosacral plexus can be well decompressed via both the lateral rectus abdominis approach and the posteromedian sacrum approach,leading to satisfactory clinical outcomes.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707484

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the surgical treatment of complex Denis zone Ⅲ sacral fractures.Methods A retrospective study was conducted on the 15 complex Denis zone Ⅲ sacral fractures which had been treated from June 2011 to September 2015 in our hospital.They involved 9 men and 6 women,with an average age of 28.8 years (from 15 to 55 years).There were 8 U-shaped,6 H-shaped and 3 lambda fractures.By the Gibbons grading for the sacral nerve injury,3 cases were rated preoperatively as grade Ⅱ,5 cases as grade Ⅲ and 7 as grade Ⅳ.Of them,10 received π-shaped lumbopelvic fixation and sacral decompression 2 weeks after injury,one had lumbosacral fixation and sacral decompression 6 days after injury,and 4 underwent only sacral decompression 3 months after injury when they presented with symptoms of neural injury after fracture malunion.Their sacral malformation angle,visual analogue scale and EQ-5d scale were compared between preoperation and postoperation.Results The 15 cases were followed up for 9 to 47 months (average,24.9 months).Their full-weight-bearing time ranged from 8 to 14 weeks (average,9.9 months).All the incisions healed well without any infection,pressure sore,implant loosening or breakage.There was no significant difference between the preoperative angle of malformation (35.7° ± 5.0°,from 15° to 90°) and the postoperative value (27.9°±6.0°,from 8° to 90°) (t =1.003,P=0.324).Their VAS pain score decreased significantly from preoperative 7.0 ±0.3 to postoperative 1.9 ±0.2,and their EQ-5D score increased significantly from preoperative 0.20 ± 0.03 to postoperative 0.79 ± 0.04 (P < 0.05).The final follow-ups revealed more or less recovery of neural function in all the patients.Conclusions π-shaped lumbopelivic fixation is an effective treatment for complex Denis zone Ⅲ sacral fractures.Effective decompression and stable fixation are prerequisites for early neurological and functional recovery.Simple sacral decompression can effectively promote nerve recovery in patients with old complex Denis zone Ⅲ sacral fractures.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707045

ABSTRACT

Salvia Plebeia is the full grass of Salvia Plebeia R.Br.,which contains chemical constituents belonging to flavonoids, terpenoids, phenolic acids, volatile oils, sterols and other ingredients. The pharmacological effects include relieving cough and asthma, anti-inflammatory, analgesia antioxidant, hepatoprotective, antibacterial and other activities. It is commonly used to treat herpes zosters, hemorrhoids, children with acute nephritis, bronchitis and so on in clinic. This article summarized the research on chemical constituents, pharmacological effects and clinical application in recent years, in order to provide references for further research and development of Salvia Plebeia.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259785

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical effect of repairing soft tissue defect after hand wound using reverse island skin flap of upper carpal cutaneous branches of ulnar artery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2010 to November 2016, 12 patients with hand soft tissue defects were repaired by reverse island skin flap of upper carpal cutaneous branches of ulnar artery, including 9 males and 3 females with an average age of (35.2±9.4) years old ranging from 22 to 58 years. The defect area varied from 7.0 cm×3.0 cm to 12.0 cm×7.0 cm. Time interval from injury to operation ranged from 3 to 15 days with an average of (8.4±2.6) days. The flap was designed beforehand according to the size of the defect, sharply dissected the aponeurotic fascia from the proximal to the distal, abscised the communicating branch between the flap and the ulnar artery at the wrist epithelial branch, repairing the defect of flap with method of metastasis retrograde. The sensation, shape of the flap and hand function were observed, and the upper extremity function was evaluated according to the standard of hand surgery branch from Chinese Medical Association to assessment of functional recovery.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The flaps in 10 patients obtained primary healing, the healed time was 14 to 18 days with an average of(15.0±1.5) days. Two patients occurred distal flap necrosis, and wound surface healed after change dressing and skingrafting cover. All patients were followed up from 3 to 15 months with an average of(7.0±3.8) months. According to the upper extremity functional evaluation standard by hand surgery branch of Chinese Medical Association, 2 cases got excellent results, 7 good, 2 fair and 1 poor.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Reverse island skin flap of upper carpal cutaneous branches of ulnar artery for the treatment of soft tissue defect caused by hand wound has advantages of concealed donor area, no need sacrifice the main blood vessel, flap thin and no need repair it for thick and thin.</p>

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702318

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the current status of secondary prevention medication usage and their relation with on-treatment platelet reactivity in patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome(ACS) treated with aspirin and clopidogrel. Methods A total of 176 patients hospitalized from 2014 to 2015 due to ACS in the Department of Cardiology, Peking University People's Hospital were enrolled and on-treatment platelet reactivity was tested by thromboelastography(TEG)and CYP2C19*2,*3 and*17 alleles were analysed. Details of secondary prevention medication and patients' clinical characteristics were recorded. The relation of secondary prevention medication and on-treatment platelet reactivity was analyzed by multi-logistic regression after adjusting for CYP2C19 alleles and clinical characteristics covariates.Results A 94.89% of patients was treated with statins while 80.68% with beta blocker. The platelet inhibition rate were (45.33±28.78)% and the high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) rate tested by TEG was 37.50%. In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, usage of β-blockers during hospitalization as well as phenotypes of CYP2C19*2,*3 and *17,clinical presentation with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and the length of stents were associated with HTPR defi ned by TEG. The percentage of HTPR rate was signifi cantly lower in patients treated with than those without β-blockers (72.73% vs. 85.45%,OR 0.18,95%CI 0.06-0.53,P=0.002)after adjusting genetic factors and other covariates.Conclusions There was a signifi cant correlation between beta blockers usage and high clopidogrel on-treatment platelet reactivity.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701781

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of high dose urokinase on hemostasis ,tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-6(IL-6) in patients with intraventricular hemorrhage .Methods 96 patients with intraventricular hemorrhage were selected.They were randomly divided into study group and control group according to the digital table,32 cases in each group.The two groups were treated by bilateral minimally invasive puncture and drainage,the control group was injected with urokinase 20000U/d through the drainage tube,and the study group were injected with urokinase 50000U/d through the drainage tube.The daily hematoma output volume ,the time of ventricular hematoma disappearance ,the duration of cerebrospinal fluid drainage ,the postoperative complications and the levels of TNF-αand IL-6 in different periods were observed and compared between the two groups .Results The time of ventricular hematoma disappearance and the duration of cerebrospinal fluid drainage in the study group were (5.03 ±1.52)d and (3.58 ±1.32)d,respectively,which were shorter than those in the control group [(10.65 ± 3.62)d,(4.82 ±1.40)d].The daily hematoma output volume in the study group was (8.13 ±0.84)mL,which was significantly higher than that of the control group [(5.32 ±0.65)mL],the differences between the two groups were statistically significant(,t =3.462,2.793,3.083,all P <0.05).The incidence rate of postoperative complications in the study group was 2.08%,which was lower than that of the control group (16.67%,χ2 =6.008,P <0.05).The levels of TNF-αand IL-624h after treatment in the study group were (68.26 ±14.20)μg/L,(68.52 ±10.20)μg/L, respectively,which of the control group were (68.25 ±12.65)μg/L,(68.50 ±8.65)μg/L,respectively,and there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups(t =0.382,0.306,all P >0.05).The levels of TNF-αand IL-63d and 7d after treatment in the study group were (88.52 ±18.62) μg/L,(135.60 ±24.52) μg/L, (81.33 ±22.52) μg/L,(97.52 ±16.63) μg/L,respectively,which were lower than those in the control group [(185.65 ±27.41)μg/L,(256.65 ±28.65)μg/L,(90.20 ±18.50)μg/L,(134.52 ±27.65)μg/L,t =12.038, 15.023,7.028,10.048,all P <0.05].Conclusion High dose urokinase is effective in the treatment of intraventric-ular hemorrhage,it can rapidly dissolve hematoma,inhibit TNF-αand IL-6 levels,protect the brain tissue,and the incidence rate of complication is not increased ,which is suitable for clinical promotion .

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737255

ABSTRACT

U-shaped sacral fractures are rare and often difficult to diagnose primarily due to the difficulty in obtaining adequate imaging and the severe associated injuries.These fractures are highly unstable and frequently cause neurological deficits.The majority of surgeons have limited experience in management of U-shaped sacral fractures.No standard treatment protocol for U-shaped sacral fractures has been available till now.This study aimed to examine the management of U-shaped sacral fractures and the early outcomes.Clinical data of 15 consecutive patients with U-shaped sacral fracture who were admitted to our trauma center between 2009 and 2014 were retrospectively analyzed.Demographics,fracture classification,mechanism of injury and operative treatment and deformity angle were assessed.All the patients were treated with lumbopelvic fixation or (and) sacral decompression.EQ-5d score was applied to evaluate the patients' quality of life.Of the 15 consecutive patients with U-shaped sacral fracture,the mean age was 28.8 years (range:15-55 years) at the time of injury.There were 6 females and 9 males.The mean followup time was 22.7 months (range:9-47 months) and mean full weight-bearing time was 9.9 weeks (range:8-14 weeks).Ten patients received lumbopelvic fixation and sacral decompression,one lombosacral fixation,and 4 merely sacral decompression due to delayed diagnosis or surgery.The post-operation deformity angle (mean 27.87°,and range:8°-90°) of the sacrum was smaller than that pre-operation (mean 35.67;range:15-90) with no significance difference noted.At the latest follow-up,all patients obtained neurological recovery with different extents.Visual analogue score (VAS) was reduced from preoperative 7.07 (range:5-9) to postoperetive 1.93 (range:1-3).All patients could walk without any aid after treatment.Eight patients were able to care for themselves and undertook some daily activities.Five patients had returned to work full time.In conclusion,lumbopelvic fixation is an effective method for stabilization of U-shaped sacral fractures with fewer complications developed.Effective reduction and firm fixation are the prerequisite of early mobilization and neurological recovery.Sacral decompression effectively promotes neurological recovery even in patients with old U-shaped sacral fractures.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735787

ABSTRACT

U-shaped sacral fractures are rare and often difficult to diagnose primarily due to the difficulty in obtaining adequate imaging and the severe associated injuries.These fractures are highly unstable and frequently cause neurological deficits.The majority of surgeons have limited experience in management of U-shaped sacral fractures.No standard treatment protocol for U-shaped sacral fractures has been available till now.This study aimed to examine the management of U-shaped sacral fractures and the early outcomes.Clinical data of 15 consecutive patients with U-shaped sacral fracture who were admitted to our trauma center between 2009 and 2014 were retrospectively analyzed.Demographics,fracture classification,mechanism of injury and operative treatment and deformity angle were assessed.All the patients were treated with lumbopelvic fixation or (and) sacral decompression.EQ-5d score was applied to evaluate the patients' quality of life.Of the 15 consecutive patients with U-shaped sacral fracture,the mean age was 28.8 years (range:15-55 years) at the time of injury.There were 6 females and 9 males.The mean followup time was 22.7 months (range:9-47 months) and mean full weight-bearing time was 9.9 weeks (range:8-14 weeks).Ten patients received lumbopelvic fixation and sacral decompression,one lombosacral fixation,and 4 merely sacral decompression due to delayed diagnosis or surgery.The post-operation deformity angle (mean 27.87°,and range:8°-90°) of the sacrum was smaller than that pre-operation (mean 35.67;range:15-90) with no significance difference noted.At the latest follow-up,all patients obtained neurological recovery with different extents.Visual analogue score (VAS) was reduced from preoperative 7.07 (range:5-9) to postoperetive 1.93 (range:1-3).All patients could walk without any aid after treatment.Eight patients were able to care for themselves and undertook some daily activities.Five patients had returned to work full time.In conclusion,lumbopelvic fixation is an effective method for stabilization of U-shaped sacral fractures with fewer complications developed.Effective reduction and firm fixation are the prerequisite of early mobilization and neurological recovery.Sacral decompression effectively promotes neurological recovery even in patients with old U-shaped sacral fractures.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690671

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Osteosarcoma is the most common type of malignant bone tumor in children and adolescents. The role of E3 ligases in tumorigenesis is currently a focus in tumor research. In the present study, we investigated the role of the E3 ligase tripartite motif 21 (TRIM21) in osteosarcoma cell proliferation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays were used to assess osteosarcoma cell viability. U2-OS cells stably carrying a recombinant lentivirus expressing tetracycline-regulated TRIM21 were screened. Co-immunoprecipitation was coupled with LCMS/MS analysis to identify novel interacting partners of TRIM21. Co-immunoprecipitation and bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BIFC) were performed to validate the interactions between TRIM21 and its novel partner YWHAZ. A TRIM21-ΔRING construct was generated to test the effects of TRIM21 ligase activity on YWHAZ.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>TRIM21 positively regulated osteosarcoma cell proliferation. Overexpression of TRIM21 enhanced osteosarcoma cell tolerance toward various stresses. YWHAZ protein was identified as a novel interacting partner of TRIM21 and its expression levels were negatively regulated by TRIM21. The RING domain of TRIM21 was required for TRIM21 negative regulation of YWHAZ expression. However, overexpression of YWHAZ did not affect positive regulation of osteosarcoma cell proliferation by TRIM21.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our results further clarify the molecular mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of osteosarcoma.</p>


Subject(s)
14-3-3 Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Genetics , Humans , Osteosarcoma , Genetics , Ribonucleoproteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Tumor Cells, Cultured
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608998

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the expiration date of alcohol-based hand disinfectant after it is opened for use,and provide reference for rational clinical application of alcohol-based hand disinfectant.Methods 20 bottles of the same brand alcohol-based hand disinfectant which opened at the same time by the clinical departments were selected as the study object,hand hygiene compliance in theses departments ranked fourth from the end in the hospital,specimens were taken on the first day after opening,and repeated every 10 days until the disinfectant was used up.Hand specimens were also taken after disinfected by disinfectant.Qualified condition of disinfectant and hand specimens was detected.Results A total of 98 disinfectant specimens were collected,by naked eye observation,20 bottles of alcohol-based hand disinfectant were free of discoloration,precipitation,and suspended matter during the whole study period.The qualified detection rates of alcohol-based hand disinfectant within 60 days after opening were all 100%.44 hand specimens were taken and detected after disinfection,3 of which were unqualified(all were disinfected by alcohol-based hand disinfectant 50 days after opening),then detected again after disinfected by the same batch of disinfectant,all were qualified,which suggested that unqualified detection result of hand specimens was not due to disinfectant.Conclusion Alcohol-based hand disinfectant still has a good bactericidal effect on the sixth day after opening.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360143

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate clinical implications of changes in red cell distribution width (RDW) and mean platelet volume (MPV) in patients with acute myocardial infarction.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 127 patients (90 men and 37 women) were enrolled in this analysis, including 66 with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and 61 with unstable angina (UA). The patients' baseline demographic and clinical data were compared between the two groups including age, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, BMI, blood biochemical profiles, cardiac functions and platelet and red blood cell parameters. The patients were further divided into subgroups according to the RDW 50% cumulative frequency, and the MPV, P-LCR, hsCRP, NT-proBNP, RBC, Dimer and MCV were compared. The correlations between platelet and erythrocyte test results were evaluated in both the AMI and UA patients. Regression analysis was performed to identify the factors affecting the RDW in the AMI group and a regression model was established.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The platelet and red blood cell test results, P-LCR, MPV, and RDW differed significantly between AMI and UA groups (P<0.01 or 0.05). Correlation analysis showed a significant positive correlation between RDW and MPV in AMI group (r=0.34, P<0.01). Between the subgroups with different RDW 50% cumulative frequencies, MPV, P-LCR, hsCRP, D-Dimer, and NT-proBNP all differed significantly (P<0.05 or 0.01). In AMI group, with RDW as the dependent variable, we established a multivariate regression model of RDW=0.19MPV+10.83.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>RDW and MPV are closely correlated in patients with AMI. In multiple regression analysis, MPV can explain the changes in RDW in patients with AMI.</p>

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815127

ABSTRACT

Postpartum depression(PPD) is a common emotional disorder in the puerperium, which has negative impact on women, infants and family. There is growing evidence that abnormal concentration of a number of nutrients (including polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamin D and homocysteine) is associated with depression in postpartum population. Further studies on the mechanisms for the functions of nutrients and regulation of nutritional states in the puerperium will be of great value in the prevention, early diagnosis and treatment of PPD.


Subject(s)
Depression, Postpartum , Blood , Fatty Acids, Unsaturated , Blood , Physiology , Female , Homocysteine , Blood , Physiology , Humans , Nutritional Status , Postpartum Period , Physiology , Vitamin D , Blood , Physiology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496529

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of penehyclidine hydrochloride(PHC)precon-ditioning on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (HIRI)in rats.Methods Fifty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats,weighing 230-250 g,were randomly divided into three groups (n =18 each):sham op-eration group (group S),HIRI group (group HR)and penehyclidine hydrochloride group (group PHC).In group S,the hepatoduodenal ligaments of rats were only pulled and separated,then abdo-mens were closed.In group HR,an atraumatic vascular clip was placed on the vessels blocking the portal venous blood supply to the median and left lateral lobes of the liver for 45 minutes,which re-sulted in approximately 70% rat liver ischemia injury.In group PHC,the rats were treated with 0.45 mg/kg penehyclidine hydrochloride at 30 minutes before the portal venous and hepatic arterial were blocked like group HR.Animals were killed at 2 h (T1 ,n =6),4 h (T2 ,n =6),24 h (T3 ,n =6) after HIRI or sham surgery.Liver tissues and blood samples were taken for analysis.The serum con-centration of ALT and AST were measured as the markers of hepatic functional damage.The TNF-a and IL-1βconcentration were measured by the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)tech-nique.The endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS ) and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1α) expression were measured by immunohistochemical staining.Results Compared with group S,the expressions of ALT,AST,TNF-αand IL-1βin groups HR and PHC increased at T1-T3 (P <0.05), which were similar to the change trend of HIR-1αand eNOS expressions (P <0.05).Compared with group HR,the expression of ALT,AST,TNF-αand IL-1βin group PHC decreased at T1-T3 (P <0.05).Nevertheless expression of HIF-1αand eNOS of groups HR and HPC were increased than that of group S,and experssion of HIF-1αand eNOS of group HPC were increased than that of group HR at T1 and T2 (P < 0.05 ).Conclusion PHC preconditioning can protect the liver from HIRI.The mechanism may be associated with the up-regulation of eNOS and HIF-1α,as well as reducing the in-flammatory response.

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