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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907798

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether SKA1 is a key molecule regulating malignant proliferation of liver cancer, and further explore its mechanism to provide molecular theoretical basis for subsequent targeted therapy.Methods:The data of liver cancer from TCGA database were analyzed by bioinformatics technology. The expression of SKA1 in liver cancer was analyzed. At the same time, we also analyzed the relationship between the expression of SKA1 and the prognosis of patients with liver cancer. The hepatoma cell line overexpressing SKA1 was constructed by liposome-mediated cell transfection technique, and the effect of SKA1 on the proliferation of hepatoma cells was further tested by CCK-8 and plate cloning assay. At the same time, we found that E2F1 is also highly expressed in liver cancer, using bioinformatics technology to analyze the correlation between SKA1 and E2F1 expression, further detecting the binding site of E2F1 in the SKA1 promoter region, and using dual luciferase technology to detect E2F1 against SKA1. Transcriptional activation.Results:KA1 was highly expressed in liver cancer tissues, and the overall survival rate of liver cancer patients with high SKA1 expression was 49.8%, lower than that of patients with low SKA1 expression, showing a negative correlation. E2F1 is also highly expressed in liver cancer tissues, and the survival time of patients with liver cancer with high E2F1 expression is significantly lower than that in the low expression group, which was negatively correlated with poor prognosis. SKA1 overexpression could increase the proliferation ability of liver cancer cells by nearly 50%. SKA1 is regulated by the E2F1 transcription factor, and the E2F1 transcription factor is combined with the SKA1 promoter to transcriptionally activate the expression of SKA1 in liver cancer cells.Conclusion:E2F1 transcriptional activation of SKA1 promotes proliferation of hepatoma cells, leading to poor prognosis in patients with liver cancer

2.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 590-595, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907487

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical outcomes of neoadjuvant chemotherapy with Gemcitabine and Cisplatin (GC) for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC).Methods:Retrospective analysis of 67 MIBC patients admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from December 2010 to June 2020. Fifty-five MIBC patients (cT2-T4aN0M0) underwent GC plus radical cystectomy-pelvic lymph node dissection. Pathological responses, prognosis and chemotherapy toxicities were analyzed. The Chi-square test and Fisher′s exact probability method were used to compare the count data between groups. The overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were based on the Kaplan-Meier survival curve, and the Log-rank test was used to evaluate the difference between groups in the survival curve. Prognostic analysis adopts Cox proportional hazards regression model.Results:Fifty-five MIBC patients received GC plus radical cystectomy-pelvic lymph node dissection. The 81.8% patients ( n=45) received 2 cycles GC and 18.2% patients ( n=10) received 3 cycles. The complete pathological response (pT0N0M0) rate was 30.9% ( n=17) and partial response (pT 1/Tis/T aN 0M 0) rate was 10.9% ( n=6). Overall pathological response rate was 41.8%. The median follow-up was (47.0±37.7) months, 5-year OS were 82.2% and 22.1% (<pT 2 versus ≥pT 2, P<0.001), and DFS were 86.1% and 32.1% (<pT 2 versus ≥pT 2, P<0.001). Pathological response and positive lymph nodes were independent risk factors of overall survival and disease-free survival on multivariable analysis ( P<0.05). The most common chemotherapy toxicities were hematologic toxicities and gastrointestinal reactions, and none delayed surgery due to toxicities. Conclusion:Neoadjuvant GC plus radical cystectomy-pelvic lymph node dissection has a significant clinical benefit in MIBC patents and chemotherapy toxicities are well tolerated.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1298-1303, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877250

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To inv estigate the effects of 4-hydroxy-2(3H)-benzoxazolone on inflammatory and apoptosis signaling pathways in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)model rats. METHODS :SD rats were divided into normal control group(10 rats)and modeling group (50 rats). Normal control group was given basic diet ,and modeling group were given high-fat diet to induce NAFLD model. After modeling ,the rats were divided into normal control group ,model group ,silibinin group (26.25 mg/kg),and 4-hydroxy-2(3H)-benzoxazolone high-dose ,medium-dose and low-dose groups (100,50,25 mg/kg),with 8 rats in each group. Normal control group and modeling group were given 0.6% CMC-Na intragastrically ,and other groups were given relevant medicine 10 mL/kg intragastrically ,once a day ,for consecutive 4 weeks. After last medication ,the serum levels of albumin(ALB),total protein (TP),globulin(GLB),ALB/GLB and free fatty acid (FFA)were detected ;TUNEL staining was used to observe the apoptosis of rat hepatocytes. Western blot assay was used to detect the protein expression and phosphorylation level of inflammatory signaling pathway related proteins [Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4),myeloid differentiation factor 88(MyD88), nuclear factor-κB p65(NF-κB p65),NF-κB inhibitor protein(IκBα)] in liver tissue as well as the expression of apoptosis signaling pathway related proteins [B cell lymphoma 2(Bcl-2),Bax,caspase-3]. RESULTS :Compared with model group ,serum levels of TP (except for low-dose group ),GLB and FFA ,the protein expression of TLR 4(except for low-dose group ),MyD88 (except for medium-dose group )and caspase- 3,the phosphorylation levels of NF-κB p65 and IκBα protein were decreased significantly(P<0.05 or P<0.01). The ratio of A LB/GLB in serum and the ratio of Bcl- 2/Bax in liver tissue were significantly increased(P<0.05 or P<0.01),and the phenomenon of hepatocyte apoptosis was improved. CONCLUSIONS :4-hydroxy-2 (3H)-benzoxazolone can ameliorate NAFLD in rats ,and the mechanism may be associated with inhibiting the expression TLR 4/ MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway-related proteins and apoptosis-related proteins in liver tissues.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873745

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationship of Sparganum isolates from snakes in Hunan Province. Methods The partial mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase subunit 4 (pnad4) and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 5 (pnad5) genes were amplified using a PCR assay in 7 Sparganum isolates from snakes in Hunan Province and the amplification product was sequenced. The homology and genetic evolution were investigated using the software DNAMAN 7.0, MegAlign, DnaSP 5.0 and MEGA 5.0. Results The pnad4 and pnad5 gene sequences were approximately 578 bp and 484 bp in length in the 7 Sparganum isolates from Hunan Province, and the percentages of genetic variations were 0 to 2.8% and 0 to 0.8%, respectively. There were 4 haplotypes detected in both the pnad4 and pnad5 genes, with global haplotype diversities of 0.810 ± 0.016 and 0.905 ± 0.011, nucleotide diversities of 0.006 ± 0.005 and 0.004 ± 0.003, and mean nucleotide variations of 3.960 and 1.905, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis showed that all 7 Sparganum isolates from snakes in Hunan Province were clustered into the same branch with Spirometra erinaceieuropaei isolates from different regions/hosts in the world, which belonged to S. erinaceieuropaei, which were close to Diphyllobothrium latum and far from other tapeworms. Conclusion There is a low genetic variation in snake-derived S. erinaceieuropaei isolates from Hunan Province, and both pnad4 and pnad5 genes may be potential molecular genetic markers for identification of S. erinaceieuropaei.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881480

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the concentration level of chloroform in the water of swimming pool in Baoan District of Shenzhen City,and determine the risk factors. Methods:During May and July,2019,a total of 110 water samples from 40 swimming pools were collected in Xin’an subdistrict of Bao’an District for the examination of chloroform routine indicators. In addition, 38 pipe water samples were collected for the examination of chloroform and free residual chlorine. Results:The concentration of chloroform in the swimming pools was determined to be (43.400±27.802) μg/L with the median of 37.343 μg/L. Chloroform was correlated positively with total bacterial count(P<0.05),turbidity, free chlorine residual, and PH value(P<0.01). Conclusion:The disinfection quality of swimming pool water in Bao’an District remains low. It is necessary to determine the risk factors associated with chloroform in the swimming pool and further reduce the concentration level of disinfection by-products.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880716

ABSTRACT

Midpalatal corticotomy-assisted rapid maxillary expansion (MCRME) is a minimally invasive treatment of maxillary transverse deficiency (MTD) in young adults. However, the effect of MCRME on respiratory function still needs to be determined. In this study, we evaluated the changes in maxillary morphology and the upper airway following MCRME using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Twenty patients with MTD (8 males, 12 females; mean age 20.55 years) had cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images taken before and after MCRME. The CBCT data were used to construct a three-dimensional (3D) upper airway model. The upper airway flow characteristics were simulated using CFD, and measurements were made based on the CBCT images and CFD. The results showed that the widths of the palatal bone and nasal cavity, and the intermolar width were increased significantly after MCRME. The volume of the nasal cavity and nasopharynx increased significantly, while there were no obvious changes in the volumes of the oropharynx and hypopharynx. CFD simulation of the upper airway showed that the pressure drop and maximum velocity of the upper airway decreased significantly after treatment. Our results suggest that in these young adults with MTD, increasing the maxillary width, upper airway volume, and quantity of airflow by MCRME substantially improved upper airway ventilation.

7.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 867-877, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921290

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) channel on the permeability of pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) in rats with chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (CHPH), so as to clarify the mechanism of vascular endothelial dysfunction during the occurrence of pulmonary hypertension (PH). CHPH rat model was established by exposure to chronic hypoxia (CH) for 21 days. Primary PMVECs were cultured by adherent tissue blocks at the edge of the lung. The permeability coefficient of primary cultured PMVECs was detected by fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-dextran. The structure of tight junction (TJ) was observed by transmission electron microscope. The expression of TRPV4 and TJ-related proteins, such as, Occludin, Claudin-5, ZO-1 were examined by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blotting. The intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca


Subject(s)
Animals , Endothelial Cells , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Hypoxia/complications , Lung , Permeability , Rats , TRPV Cation Channels/genetics
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1209-1215, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888540

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the comparability of the Freelite, Binding Site, Beckman and N Latex FLC, Siemens in the detection of serum free light chain (sFLC) .@*METHODS@#Fifty newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients in Tianjin Institute of Blood Research from November 2019 to February 2020 were enrolled. The two systems (Freelite, Binding Site, Beckman and N Latex FLC, Siemens) were used to detect the sFLC of the samples. Outlier detection was performed by ESD method, methodological comparison and deviation assessment were performed by Passing-Bablok regression and Bland-Altman regression.@*RESULTS@#Both the systems could quantitatively analyze free kappa light chain serum samples and free lambda light chain samples. Freelite, Binding Site, Beckman and N Latex FLC, Siemens free light chain test showed FLC-κ:36.5 (6.5, 194), 40.5 (6.94, 288), FLC-λ: 30.1 (4.3, 170.5), 35.1 (2.28, 526), rFLC (FLC-κ/ FLC-λ) : 0.82 (0.05, 43.25), 1.03 (0.03, 32.04), dFLC (|FLC-κ- FLC-λ|) : -5.8 (-161.97, 183.7), 1.1 (-505.1, 279.01), which existed no outliers. There were systematic differences, and the deviation level was not within the clinically acceptable range.@*CONCLUSION@#Both the systems can meet the needs of clinical diagnosis and treatment, but there is a significant deviation between the two systems, the results are not comparable, and should be analyzed separately. In particular, the same system should be selected for monitoring the prognosis of MM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunoglobulin Light Chains , Immunoglobulin kappa-Chains , Immunoglobulin lambda-Chains , Latex , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880088

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a method for rapid detection and typing of NPM1 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by fluorescence melting curve analysis technology.@*METHODS@#A pair of primers and a fluorescent single-stranded probe (molecule beacon) were designed for the mutant genes mutA, mutB, mutD in exon 12 of nucleopsin (NPM1) and wild type. With a real-time qPCR, the A, B, and D gene mutations of NPM1 were detected and typed by different-melting curve peak value of the probe through RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#This method could detected the mutations of A, B, and D in NPM1 effectively with a sensitivity of 1%. Furthermore, 62 AML clinical samples were evaluated by the method. In the results, the detection rate and typing of NPM1 mutations were consistent with the sequencing results of clinical samples.@*CONCLUSION@#There are three features in the method of fluorescence melting curve analysis: stable PCR system, easy to operate, and the easily distinguishable results. The method might meet the demand for rapid typing of NPM1 gene mutation in early diagnosis or concomitant diagnosis of AML.


Subject(s)
Exons , Genotype , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879963

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the therapeutic effect of using micro-implant anchorage (MIA) to rotate the functional occlusal plane (FOP) counterclockwise. Forty skeletal class Ⅱ high-angle patients who had completed orthodontic treatment were enrolled, including 20 patients treated with MIA orthodontic system (MIA group) and the other 20 patients treated with traditional sliding straight wire appliance (control group). Cephalometric measurements on the lateral cranial radiographs before and after treatment were performed, all acquired data were statistically analyzed with SPSS 26.0. At the end of treatment, MIA group obtained better effect of FOP and mandibular plane counter-clockwise rotation than the control group. In the MIA group, the average change of FOP-frankfort horizontal plane (FH), FOP-SN and mandibular plane angle (MP-FH) angle was -4.5(-7.3, -3.7)°, (3.3)° and -1.7(-3.0, -0.9)°, respectively. In the control group, the average change of FOP-FH, FOP-SN and MP-FH angle was -0.1(-4.1, 3.0)°, (-0.1±5.1)° and -0.4(-2.4, 0.7)°, respectively. There was significant difference between the change of the two groups (all <0.05). Compared with the traditional sliding straight wire appliance, counterclockwise rotation of FOP can be more effectively reversed by using MIA orthodontic system, and the MP-FH can be reduced as well.


Subject(s)
Cephalometry , Dental Occlusion , Humans , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/therapy , Mandible , Maxilla , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879962

ABSTRACT

To establish an intelligent cervical vertebra maturity assessment system, and to evaluate the reliability and clinical value of the system. Sixty children aged were recruited in the study. Lateral cephalometric radiograph and cone beam CT (CBCT) were taken at the same period. Based on the CBCT data, the system automatically extracted the patient's facial area through Otsu's method, intercepted the sagittal plane by three-dimensional least squares method, captured the second to fourth cervical vertebrae by superpixel segmentation. And then selected points were marked automatically through morphological algorithm and manual method. Consistency test was performed on the two sets of data to compare the reliability of automated cervical morphology capture. According to the parameters of morphological identification, positioning and staging algorithms were designed to form the intelligent cervical vertebra maturity assessment system. The cervical vertebra maturity was also judged manually on the lateral cephalometric radiograph. The weighted Kappa test and the Gamma correlation coefficient were subsequently applied to evaluate the consistency and correlation. The results showed that the cervical vertebra features automatically captured based on CBCT data had a high accuracy on the overall morphological recognition. In the prediction of 8 inflection points out of 13 points, there was no significant difference between automatic and manual method on both X and Y axes (all >0.05). The assessment results of the cervical vertebra maturity of the intelligent system had strong consistency and correlation with the manual recognition results (weighted Kappa value=0.877, Gamma value=0.991, both <0.05). The intelligent cervical vertebrae maturity assessment system based on CBCT data established in this study presents reliable outcome and high degree of automation, indicating that the system may be used clinically.


Subject(s)
Cephalometry , Cervical Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Child , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Humans , Radiography , Reproducibility of Results
12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 163-177, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878551

ABSTRACT

Directed evolution is a cyclic process that alternates between constructing different genes and screening functional gene variants. It has been widely used in optimization and analysis of DNA sequence, gene function and protein structure. It includes random gene libraries construction, gene expression in suitable hosts and mutant libraries screening. The key to construct gene library is the storage capacity and mutation diversity, to screen is high sensitivity and high throughput. This review discusses the latest advances in directed evolution. These new technologies greatly accelerate and simplify the traditional directional evolution process and promote the development of directed evolution.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Directed Molecular Evolution , Gene Library , Mutation , Proteins/genetics
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878324

ABSTRACT

Pneumoconiosis, an interstitial lung disease that occurs from breathing in certain kinds of damaging dust particles, is a major occupational disease in China. Patients diagnosed with occupational pneumoconiosis can avail of free medical treatment, whereas patients without a diagnosis of occupational diseases cannot not claim free medical treatment in most provinces from the government before 2019. This study aimed to analyze the priority of medical facility selection and its influencing factors among patients with pneumoconiosis. A total of 1,037 patients with pneumoconiosis from nine provinces in China were investigated. The health service institutions most frequently selected by the patients were county-level hospitals (37.5%). The main reason for the choice was these hospitals' close distance to the patients' homes (47.3%). The factors for the choice of health care institutions were living in the eastern region (


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , China , Female , Hospitals , Humans , Insurance Coverage , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Pneumoconiosis/therapy , Rural Population , Silicosis , Smoking
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828370

ABSTRACT

By using multivariate statistical analysis to evaluate essential quality, and provide scientific basis for their comprehensive utilization, we established an UHPLC-QTRAP-MS/MS method for the fast, precise, efficient determination of 21 kinds of amino acids and 10 kinds of nucleosides in different species of Dendrobium. The analysis was performed on a Waters XBridge Amide column(2.1 mm×100 mm,3.5 μm) with elution by mobile phase of 0.2% formic acid in water-0.2% formic acid in acetonitrile at a flow rate of 0.2 mL·min~(-1) with the column temperature at 30 ℃. The target compounds were analyzed by the positive ion multiple reaction monitoring(MRM) mode. The comprehensive evaluation of different species of Dendrobium was carried out by PCA and TOPSIS analysis. All 21 kinds of amino acids and 10 nucleosides showed good linearity among certain concentration range(r>0.999), the RSDs of the stability, precision, and repeatability tests were less than 3.0%. The recovery rate was in the range from 93.31% to 107.5%, and RSD was in the range of 1.1%-3.7%. The comprehensive evaluation index obtained with PCA showed that D. huoshanense was significantly higher than others regarding amino acids and D. officinale has higher nucleosides than other species. The biggest C_i difference of TOPSIS was 68.7%, and comprehensive evaluation showed that D. huoshanense produced the highest comprehensive quality. The method is precise, fast and efficient and can provide reliable basis for further researches and intrinsic quality control of Dendrobium.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Dendrobium , Nucleosides , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1671-1674, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837590

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the knowledge and behavior towards COVID-19 among primary and middle school students in Guangdong province, so as to provide basis for health education on epidemic prevention and control.@*Methods@#An online questionnaire survey was conducted among 1 222 403 primary and middle school students in Guangdong Province from March 8 to 31, 2020.@*Results@#In Guangdong Province, 96.28%, 80.01% and 38.58% of primary and middle school students knew the transmission route of the novel coronavirus was droplet transmission, contact transmission and aerosol transmission respectively, and 78.22% of the students knew the two main transmission routes. Among COVID-19 prevention and control measures, the top three well-known measures were mask wearing(99.69%), frequent hand washing(99.06%) and social distancing(96.21%). During the pandemic, 88.48% of students wore masks every time they went out, 32.15% reported that they needed parental supervision, and 53.97% reported they would continue wearing masks after the pandemic. 87.21% of students washed their hands every time after going out, 18.78% reported that they needed parental supervision, and 94.92% reported that they would continue washing their hands frequently after the pandemic.@*Conclusion@#Primary and middle school students in Guangdong Province had high rates of awareness on transmission route and prevention and control measures of COVID-19. During the pandemic, the rates of wearing masks or washing hands every time after going out was high, and the rates of behavior intention of washing hands after the pandemic was high.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1955-1960, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825008

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To s tudy improvement effect and mech anism of ilicifoliosids alkaloid A (HBOA)on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in rats. METHODS :SD rats were randomly divided into blank control group ,model group ,Silybin capsule group(positive control ,26.25 mg/kg),HBOA high-dose ,medium-dose and low-dose groups (100,50,25 mg/kg),with 10 rats in each group. Except that blank control group fed normal feed ,the other groups were continuously fed with high-fat diet for 8 weeks to induce non-alcoholic fatty liver disease model. Form the 9th week ,blank control group and model group were given constant volume of 0.6% CMC-Na solution ,and administration groups were given corresponding drugs by intragastric admini- stration,once a day ,for consecutive 4 weeks. The general information of rats were observed and the body weight increase ,organ (liver,kidney and spleen )indexes were calculated ;the contents of AST ,ALT,TC,TG and NEFA in liver tissue were detected , and SOD,GSH-Px activities and MDA content in the serum were also determined. The protein expression of PPARα in liver tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS :Compared with blank control group ,the body mass increase and liver index of rats in model group were increased significantly (P<0.01);fat deposition could be observed in the liver ;the activities of SOD and GSH-Px in serum were reduced significantly ,and the contents of MDA ,the contents of AST ,ALT,TC,TG and NEFA in liver tissue were significantly increased ,and the protein expression of PPARα was decreased significantly(P<0.01). Compared with model group ,the body mass increase and liver index of the rats were decreased significantly in administration groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01),liver fat deposition was improved ,the activity of SOD and GSH-Px in serum (except for HBOA low-dose group )were increased significantly while MDA content ,the contents of AST ,ALT,TC(except for HBOA low-dose group ),TG(except for HBOA low-dose group ) and NEFA in liver tissue were decreased significantl y,while protein expression of PPAR α 15177460685@163.com was increased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Some of the above indexes of HBOA high-dose group were 电话:0771-5302433。E-mail:junlin898@126.com significantly better than HBOA medium- and low-dose group(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS :HBOA has a certain improvement effect on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in rats caused by high-fat diet ,and its mechanism may be related to improving lipid metabolism disorders ,anti-oxidative stress and up-regulating the expression of PPARα.

17.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 516-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822934

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with the gradual improvement of people's understanding of intestinal flora, exploring common complications after renal transplantation from the perspective of intestinal flora has become a research hotspot. Studies have demonstrated that the composition of the intestinal flora in renal transplant recipients has significant differences before and after surgery, and this difference is closely related to the occurrence and development of many complications after renal transplantation such as infection, rejection, diarrhea and so on, which could affect the prognosis of the recipients. This article reviewed the research progress on intestinal flora and renal transplantation in order to provide new treatment ideas and strategies for renal transplant recipients.

18.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 400-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821550

ABSTRACT

As China enters the era of organ donation after the citizen's death, the organ donation cases with potential malignant tumor history increase gradually. Guide to the Quality and Safety of Organs for Transplantation (6th Edition) by European Committee was translated into Chinese in 2019. This article interprets Chapter 9 of the guideline "Risk of Malignant Tumor Transmission" to assist organ donation coordinator and transplant team in screening donors at risk of malignant tumor transmission in our country and to reduce the risk of donor-derived tumor transmission.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879347

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the distribution and drug resistance of pathogens causing periprosthetic infections after hip and knee arthroplasty, and to formulate prevention and treatment strategies for drug-resistant bacteria.@*METHODS@#The data of 146 cases of periprosthetic infection after primary hip and knee arthroplasty from 2010 to 2015 were collected, including 111 cases of periprosthetic infection after hip arthroplasty and 35 cases of periprosthetic infection after knee arthroplasty. The culture positive rate, pathogenic bacteria composition and drug resistance rate were counted over the years, and the change trend of pathogen distribution and drug resistance was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#One hundredand eight strains of pathogenic bacteria were detected in 146 cases, and the positive rate of culture was 73.97%. Gram positive bacteria accounted for 55.48%, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus accounted for 25.34% and 15.07% respectively. Gram negative bacteria accounted for 13.01%, including Enterobacter cloacae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. There were 4 cases of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and mixed infection. The results of culture over the years showed that the constituent ratio of Gram positive bacteria had an increasing trend, fluctuating from 39.13% to 76.47%. The results of drug sensitivity showed that the pathogens were highly resistant to β-lactams, quinolones, clindamycin and gentamicin, and the drug resistance rate was increasing, but it was still sensitive to rifampicin, nitrofurantoin, tigecycline, linezolid and vancomycin.@*CONCLUSION@#Gram positive bacteria are the main pathogens of periprosthetic infection, and the proportion is increasing gradually.The pathogens have high resistance to many kinds of antibiotics, and the resistance rate is still increasing. To strengthen the monitoring of the distribution and drug resistance of pathogenic bacteria is helpful to grasp its change trend and formulate targeted prevention and control strategies.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects , Drug Resistance , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Gram-Positive Bacteria , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Retrospective Studies
20.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 978-983, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818359

ABSTRACT

The effect of blood magnesium disorder on chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been gradually confirmed in recent years. At present, magnesium homeostasis depends on dietary intake, gastrointestinal absorption and kidney metabolism. In recent years, it has been proposed that the magnesium concentration of dialysate and the influence of drugs (especially proton pump inhibitors) on magnesium homeostasis cannot be ignored in the treatment of CKD patients. Although the mechanism of the effect of magnesium on CKD has not been fully elucidated, recent studies suggest that magnesium deficiency may aggravate hypertension and vascular calcification in CKD patients, affecting mineral metabolism, leading to increased mortality. The application of different magnesium-based binders, such as magnesium citrate, calcium acetate/magnesium carbonate, and magnesium oxide, can help to alleviate the effect of low magnesium levels on CKD, which needs further research.

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