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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 18-22, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953711

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To prepare anemoside B4 (AB4) and programmed cell death ligand 1 (PDL1) siRNA (siP) co- delivered cRGD-modified targeting liposomes (AB4/siP-c-L), and to study the cellular uptake in vitro. METHODS The cRGD- modified AB4-loaded targeted liposomes (AB4-c-L) were prepared by ethanol injection. AB4-c-L was mixed with 20 nmol/L siP in the same volume and AB4/siP-c-L was obtained through electrostatic adsorption. The particle size, Zeta potential, morphology, encapsulation efficiency and drug content, in vitro release behavior and serum stability of AB4/siP-c-L were investigated by laser scattering particle size tester, transmission electron microscopy, ultrafiltration centrifugation, dialysis and agar-gel electrophoresis block test. Cellular uptake of AB4/siP-c-L by Lewis lung cancer cells LLC and its intracellular localization were evaluated by flow cytometry and confocal laser scan technique. RESULTS The average particle size of AB4/siP-c-L was (187.4±3.1) nm, and the Zeta potential was (33.5±1.4) mV. AB4/siP-c-L was spheroidal in shape. The encapsulation efficiency and content of AB4 were (95.2±0.4) % and (1.0±0.2) mg/mL, respectively. AB4/siP-c-L could better package siP, and exhibited good serum stability, obvious pH sensitivity and sustained release property. The uptake rate of AB4/siP-c-L by LLC cells was significantly higher than that of free drug, and was able to accumulate in cytoplasm. CONCLUSIONS AB4/siP-c-L can effectively realize the co-loading of AB4 and gene drug siP, which has certain in vitro targeting to LLC cells.

2.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 65-68, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965185

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution characteristics of antibiotics in source water and their health risks to human body in Yichang City, and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of new types of pollution such as antibiotics in drinking water. Methods Solid phase extraction (SPE) was used for enrichment, and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) was used to detect and analyze the content of five types of antibiotics including sulfonamides, tetracyclines, chloramphenicol, quinolones and β-lactams in the main drinking water sources of Yichang City. The human health risk assessment of these antibiotics was conducted. Results All five types of antibiotics were detected in the source water of Yichang City, and the detection rate was 6.25% to 81.25%. The total detection rate of β-lactam antibiotics was the highest, and the highest detection concentration of norfloxacin was 213.9 ng/L. The health risk assessment of 11 antibiotics detected in the source water showed that these antibiotics would not cause obvious health harm to human body, but the risk entropy (RQH) tended to increase with the younger age. Conclusion The distribution level of antibiotics in source water of Yichang City will not cause obvious health harm to human body.

3.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 388-396, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986020

ABSTRACT

Hexane is a widely used organic solvent in industry, and chronic hexane poisoning is the main occupational toxic lesion in China. In particular, axonal and myelin lesions in the distal thick fibers of the peripheral nervous system may be caused by 2, 5-hexanedione (2, 5-HD), an intermediate metabolite of n-hexane in humans. Hexane has toxic effects not only on the nervous system but also on the liver, kidneys, and reproductive organs. In this paper, we review the progress of research on the mechanism of n-hexane toxic neuropathy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hexanes/toxicity , Hexanones , Industry , Solvents
4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 453-458, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985890

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical features of children with uridine responsive developmental epileptic encephalopathy 50 (DEE50) caused by CAD gene variants. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 6 patients diagnosed with uridine-responsive DEE50 caused by CAD gene variants at Beijing Children's Hospital and Peking University First Hospital from 2018 to 2022. The epileptic seizures, anemia, peripheral blood smear, cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), visual evoked potential (VEP), genotype features and the therapeutic effect of uridine were descriptively analyzed. Results: A total of 6 patients, including 3 boys and 3 girls, aged 3.5(3.2,5.8) years, were enrolled in this study. All patients presented with refractory epilepsy, anemia with anisopoikilocytosis and global developmental delay with regression. The age of epilepsy onset was 8.5 (7.5, 11.0) months, and focal seizures were the most common seizure type (6 cases). Anemia ranged from mild to severe. Four patients had peripheral blood smears prior to uridine administration, showing erythrocytes of variable size and abnormal morphology, and normalized at 6 (2, 8) months after uridine supplementation. Two patients suffered from strabismus, 3 patients had VEP examinations, indicating of suspicious optic nerve involvement, and normal fundus examinations. VEP was re-examined at 1 and 3 months after uridine supplementation, suggesting significant improvement or normalization. Cranial MRI were performed at 5 patients, demonstrating cerebral and cerebellar atrophy. They had cranial MRI re-examined after uridine treatment with a duration of 1.1 (1.0, 1.8) years, indicating significant improvement in brain atrophy. All patients received uridine orally at a dose of 100 mg/(kg·d), the age at initiation of uridine treatment was 1.0 (0.8, 2.5) years, and the duration of treatment was 2.4 (2.2, 3.0) years. Immediate cession of seizures was observed within days to a week after uridine supplementation. Four patients received uridine monotherapy and were seizure free for 7 months, 2.4 years, 2.4 years and 3.0 years respectively. One patient achieved seizure free for 3.0 years after uridine supplementation and had discontinued uridine for 1.5 years. Two patients were supplemented with uridine combined with 1 to 2 anti-seizure medications and had a reduced seizure frequency of 1 to 3 times per year, and they had achieved seizure free for 8 months and 1.4 years respectively. Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of DEE50 caused by CAD gene variants present a triad of refractory epilepsy, anemia with anisopoikilocytosis, and psychomotor retardation with regression, accompanied by suspected optic nerve involvement, all of which respond to uridine treatment. Prompt diagnosis and immediate uridine supplementation could lead to significant clinical improvement.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Infant , Epilepsy/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Drug Resistant Epilepsy , Uridine , Evoked Potentials, Visual , Anemia , Electroencephalography/adverse effects , Neurodegenerative Diseases
5.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 536-545, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985674

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Nocardia rubra cell wall skeleton (Nr-CWS) in the treatment of persistent cervical high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection. Methods: A randomized, double blind, multi-center trial was conducted. A total of 688 patients with clinically and pathologically confirmed HR-HPV infection of the cervix diagnosed in 13 hispital nationwide were recruited and divided into: (1) patients with simple HR-HPV infection lasting for 12 months or more; (2) patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) Ⅰ and HR-HPV infection lasting for 12 months or more; (3) patients with the same HR-HPV subtype with no CINⅡ and more lesions after treatment with CINⅡ or CIN Ⅲ (CINⅡ/CIN Ⅲ). All participants were randomly divided into the test group and the control group at a ratio of 2∶1. The test group was locally treated with Nr-CWS freeze-dried powder and the control group was treated with freeze-dried powder without Nr-CWS. The efficacy and negative conversion rate of various subtypes of HR-HPV were evaluated at 1, 4, 8, and 12 months after treatment. The safety indicators of initial diagnosis and treatment were observed. Results: (1) This study included 555 patients with HR-HPV infection in the cervix (included 368 in the test group and 187 in the control group), with an age of (44.1±10.0) years. The baseline characteristics of the two groups of subjects, including age, proportion of Han people, weight, composition of HR-HPV subtypes, and proportion of each subgroup, were compared with no statistically significant differences (all P>0.05). (2) After 12 months of treatment, the effective rates of the test group and the control group were 91.0% (335/368) and 44.9% (84/187), respectively. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (χ2=142.520, P<0.001). After 12 months of treatment, the negative conversion rates of HPV 16, 18, 52, and 58 infection in the test group were 79.2% (84/106), 73.3% (22/30), 83.1% (54/65), and 77.4% (48/62), respectively. The control group were 21.6% (11/51), 1/9, 35.1% (13/37), and 20.0% (8/40), respectively. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant (all P<0.001). (3) There were no statistically significant differences in vital signs (body weight, body temperature, respiration, pulse rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, etc.) and laboratory routine indicators (blood cell analysis, urine routine examination) between the test group and the control group before treatment and at 1, 4, 8, and 12 months after treatment (all P>0.05); there was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions related to the investigational drug between the two groups of subjects [8.7% (32/368) vs 8.0% (15/187), respectively; χ2=0.073, P=0.787]. Conclusion: External use of Nr-CWS has good efficacy and safety in the treatment of high-risk HPV persistent infection in the cervix.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Cervix Uteri/pathology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Cell Wall Skeleton , Persistent Infection , Powders , Uterine Cervical Dysplasia/pathology , Immunotherapy , Papillomaviridae
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1119-1125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985642

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of revaccination of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) in elderly people aged ≥60 years. Methods: The elderly aged ≥60 years with 1 dose of PPV23 vaccination were selected as revaccination group and those without history of pneumococcal vaccine immunization were selected as the first vaccination group. One dose of PPV23 was administered to both groups, and the first blood samples were collected before vaccination while the second blood samples were collected on day 28-40 after vaccination. ELISA was used to detect the concentrations of anti-specific serotype Streptococcus pneumoniae podocyte polysaccharide immunoglobulin G, and the safety of the vaccination was evaluated after 30 days. Results: The geometric mean concentration (GMC) of antibody to 23 serotypes before the vaccination (0.73-13.73 μg/ml) was higher in revaccination group than in the first vaccination group (0.39-7.53 μg/ml), the GMC after the vaccination (1.42-31.65 μg/ml) was higher than that before the vaccination (0.73-13.73 μg/ml) in the revaccination group, and the GMC after the vaccination (1.62-43.76 μg/ml) was higher than that before the vaccination (0.39-7.53 μg/ml) in the first vaccination group; the geometric mean growth multiple in revaccination group (2.16-3.60) was lower than that in the first vaccination group (3.86-16.13); The mean 2-fold antibody growth rate was lower in revaccination group (53.68%, 95%CI: 52.30%-55.06%) than in the first vaccination group (93.16%, 95%CI: 92.18%- 94.15%), all differences were significant (P<0.001). After the vaccination, 13 serotypes of GMC were higher in the first vaccination group than in revaccination group (P<0.001), the differences were not significant for 10 serotypes of GMC (P>0.05). The incidence of local adverse reaction was 19.20% and 13.27% in revaccination group and the first vaccination group, respectively (P=0.174). Conclusions: The antibody level in ≥60 years people who received one dose of PPV23 after a 5-year interval was still higher than that in unvaccinated people. The antibody level decreased after 5 years of the first vaccination, and the antibody level could be rapidly increased by one more dose vaccination, but the overall immune response was lower than that of the first vaccination; revaccination with PPV23 has a good safety.

7.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 753-759, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985468

ABSTRACT

To explore the application value of whole exome sequencing (WES) in the diagnosis of prenatal and postnatal neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs). A total of 70 patients diagnosed with NDDs who underwent WES at the Medical Genetics Center of the Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province between June 2020 and July 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples and amniotic fluid. WES-based copy number variant (CNV) analysis was integrated into the routine WES data analysis pipeline. The results showed that a molecular diagnosis rate could be made in 21/70 (30%) cases. Of 21 positive cases, 14 (23%) cases were detected by single-nucleotide variant/small insertion/deletion (SNV/Indel) analysis, of which 12 variants were novel, 6 (9.8%) cases were detected by WES-based CNV analysis, and 1 (1.6%) case was detected by a combination of both. The diagnostic yield of WES combined with CNV analysis was higher than that of SNV/Indel analysis alone (30%, 21/70 vs. 20%, 14/70). Of the 28 prenatally diagnosed cases, 6 cases were found to have inherited parental variation for NDDs, 10 cases were found not to have the same pathogenic variation as the proband, and the remaining 12 cases were found to have no pathogenic or likely pathogenic variation that could explain the NDDs phenotype. Clinical follow-up showed that 5 families opted for abortion and the remaining had no current abnormalities. In conclusion, WES may be an effective method to clarify the genetic etiology and prenatal diagnosis of NDDs, which is helpful in assessing the prognosis to aid clinical management and reproductive guidance.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Exome Sequencing , Retrospective Studies , Prenatal Diagnosis , Amniotic Fluid , Phenotype
8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 251-256, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971522

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the toxic effects of short-term exposure to gossypol on the testis and kidney in mice and whether these effects are reversible.@*METHODS@#Twenty 7 to 8-week-old male mice were randomized into blank control group, solvent control group, gossypol treatment group and drug withdrawal group. In the former 3 groups, the mice were subjected to daily intragastric administration of 0.3 mL of purified water, 1% sodium carboxymethylcellulose solution, and 30 mg/mL gossypol solution for 14 days, respectively; In the drug withdrawal group, the mice were treated with gossypol solution in the same manner for 14 days followed by treatment with purified water for another 14 days. After the last administration, the mice were euthanized and tissue samples were collected. The testicular tissue was weighed and observed microscopically with HE and PAS staining; the kidney tissue was stained with HE and examined for mitochondrial ATPase activity.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those in the control group, the mice with gossypol exposure showed reduced testicular seminiferous epithelial cells with rounded seminiferous tubules, enlarged space between the seminiferous tubules, interstitium atrophy of the testis, and incomplete differentiation of the spermatogonia. The gossypol-treated mice also presented with complete, non-elongated spermatids, a large number of cells in the state of round spermatids, and negativity for acrosome PAS reaction; diffuse renal mesangial cell hyperplasia, increased mesangial matrix, and adhesion of the mesangium to the wall of the renal capsule were observed, with significantly shrinkage or even absence of the lumens of the renal capsules and reduced kidney mitochondrial ATPase activity. Compared with the gossypol-treated mice, the mice in the drug withdrawal group showed obvious recovery of morphologies of the testis and the kidney, acrosome PAS reaction and mitochondrial ATPase activity.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Shortterm treatment with gossypol can cause reproductive toxicity and nephrotoxicity in mice, but these toxic effects can be reversed after drug withdrawal.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , Gossypol/toxicity , Testis , Seminiferous Tubules , Spermatids , Spermatogenesis , Adenosine Triphosphatases/pharmacology
9.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 149-155, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971288

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the implications of the prognostic nutrition index (PNI) in non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients treated with surgery and to compare it with other hematological biomarkers, including neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and systemic immune inflammation index (SII).@*METHODS@#A cohort of 328 non-metastatic RCC patients who received surgical treatment between 2010 and 2012 at Peking University First Hospital was analyzed retrospectively. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the optimal cutoff values of the hematological biomarkers. The Youden index was maximum for PNI was value of 47.3. So we divided the patients into two groups (PNI≤ 47. 3 and >47. 3) for further analysis. Categorical variables [age, gender, body mass index (BMI), surgery type, histological subtype, necrosis, pathological T stage and tumor grade] were compared using the Chi-square test and Student' s t test. The association of the biomarkers with overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier methods with log-rank test, followed by multivariate Cox proportional hazards model.@*RESULTS@#According to the maximum Youden index of ROC curve, the best cut-off value of PNI is 47. 3. Low level of PNI was significantly associated with older age, lower BMI and higher tumor pathological T stage (P < 0.05). Kaplan-Meier univariate analysis showed that lower PNI was significantly correlated with poor OS and DFS (P < 0.05). In addition, older age, lower BMI, tumor necrosis, higher tumor pathological T stage and Fuhrman grade were significantly correlated with poor OS (P < 0.05). Cox multivariate analysis showed that among the four hematological indexes, only PNI was an independent factor significantly associated with OS, whether as a continuous variable (HR=0.9, 95%CI=0.828-0.978, P=0.013) or a classified variable (HR=2.397, 95%CI=1.061-5.418, P=0.036).@*CONCLUSION@#Low PNI was a significant predictor for advanced pathological T stage, decreased OS, or DFS in non-metastatic RCC patients treated with surgery. In addition, PNI was superior to the other hematological biomar-kers as a useful tool for predicting prognosis of RCC in our study. It should be externally validated in future research before the PNI can be used widely as a predictor of RCC patients undergoing nephrectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Nutrition Assessment , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Biomarkers , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology
10.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 144-148, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971287

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether 3D-printed artificial vertebral body can reduce prosthesis subsidence rate for patients with cervical chordomas, through comparing the rates of prosthesis subsidence between 3D printing artificial vertebral body and titanium mesh for anterior spinal reconstruction after total spondylectomy.@*METHODS@#This was a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent surgical treatment for cervical chordoma at our hospital from March 2005 to September 2019. There were nine patients in the group of 3D artificial vertebral body (3D group), and 15 patients in the group of titanium mesh cage (Mesh group). The patients' characteristics and treatment data were extracted from the medical records, including age, gender, CT hounsfield unit of cervical vertebra and surgical information, such as the surgical segments, time and blood loss of surgery, frequency and degree of prosthesis subsidence after surgery. Radiographic observations of prosthesis subsidence during the follow-up, including X-rays, CT, and magnetic resonance imaging were also collected. SPSS 22.0 was used to analysis the data.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference between the two groups in gender, age, CT hounsfield unit, surgical segments, time of surgery, blood loss of posterior surgery and total blood loss. Blood loss of anterior surgery was 700 (300, 825) mL in 3D group and 1 500 (750, 2 800) mL in Mesh group (P < 0.05). The prosthesis subsidence during the follow-up, 3 months after surgery, there was significant difference between the two groups in mild prosthesis subsidence (P < 0.05). The vertebral height of the 3D group decreased less than 1 mm in eight cases (no prosthesis subsidence) and more than 1 mm in one case (mild prosthesis subsidence). The vertebral height of the Mesh group decreased less than 1 mm in five cases (no prosthesis subsidence), and more than 1 mm in eight cases (mild prosthesis subsidence). Two patients did not have X-rays in 3 months after surgery. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups in the prosthesis subsidence rate at the end of 12 months (P < 0.01). The vertebral height of eight cases in the 3D group decreased less than 1 mm (no prosthesis subsidence) and one case more than 3 mm (severe prosthesis subsidence). Four of the 15 cases in the Mesh group decreased less than 1 mm (no prosthesis subsidence), two cases more than 1 mm (mild prosthesis subsidence), and nine cases more than 3 mm (severe prosthesis subsidence). There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups in the prosthesis subsidence rate at the end of 24 months (P < 0.01). The vertebral height of seven cases in the 3D group decreased less than 1 mm (no prosthesis subsidence), one case more than 3 mm (severe prosthesis subsidence), and one case died with tumor. One case in the Mesh group decreased less than 1 mm (no prosthesis subsidence), one case more than 1 mm (mild prosthesis subsidence), 11 case more than 3 mm (severe prosthesis subsidence), one case died with tumor and one lost the follow-up. Moreover, at the end of 12 months and 24 months, there was significant difference between the two groups in severe prosthesis subsidence rate (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#3D-printed artificial vertebral body for anterior spinal reconstruction after total spondylectomy for patients with cervical chordoma can provide reliable spinal stability, and reduce the incidence of prosthesis subsidence after 2-year follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chordoma/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Vertebral Body , Titanium , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Spinal Fusion/methods , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 146-154, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996821

ABSTRACT

Cathartic colon (CC) is a common and refractory digestive system disease, with the pathogenesis not fully clarified. The effective therapies other than laxatives and surgery remain to be developed for CC. Therefore, establishing the CC animal models that fit the disease characteristics of western medicine and syndrome characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is an important link to promote the research on this disease. The fitting degree of animal models with the latest Chinese and western medical diagnostic criteria is an indicator to assess the effectiveness of the animal models in simulating the disease characteristics of western medicine and syndrome characteristics of TCM. The literature review showed that the model animals, drugs and their dosage forms, doses, administration methods, and modeling period of CC varied in different studies, and the available CC animal models presented different fitting degrees with the disease characteristics of western medicine and syndrome characteristics of TCM. Rats were the preferred animals for the modeling of CC. Rhei Radix et Rhizoma preparations were commonly used for model inducing, which, however, may cause water electrolyte disorders, decreased immunity, and even death of animals at the late stage of modeling. The animals were modeled by gradually increasing the starting dose, while the starting dose and increasing dose varied. The maintenance dose was determined based on 50% of the animals having loose stools, and the end for a cycle was determined as the time when loose stools disappeared in 80% of animals. The modeling always lasted for 2-3 cycles, approximately 2-4 months. The CC models established with Rhei Radix et Rhizoma granules and rhein had high fitting degrees with the disease and syndrome characteristics. In addition, the CC animal models of TCM syndromes were still in the exploration stage. There were only the animal models of four TCM syndromes: liver depression and spleen deficiency, both Qi and Yin deficiency, Qi stagnation and blood stasis, and spleen and kidney deficiency. Efforts should be made to establish the animal models that meet the characteristics of disease of western medicine and syndromes of TCM, so as to facilitate the research on CC mechanism and drug development.

12.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 74-81, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996130

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of different frequencies of pricking-bloodletting at auricular points plus auricular point sticking therapy on the levels of the serum immunoglobulin G (IgG), immunoglobulin M (IgM), testosterone (T), and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in patients with acne vulgaris (AV). Methods: Ninety patients with AV were randomly assigned to treatment group 1, treatment group 2, and treatment group 3 according to the random number remainder grouping method, with 30 cases in each group. All three groups received pricking-bloodletting at auricular points plus auricular point sticking therapy. Treatment group 1 was treated once a week, treatment group 2 was treated twice a week, and treatment group 3 was treated 3 times a week. Four-week treatment was taken as 1 treatment course, and 3 treatment courses were observed. On the day before the start of the study and on the day next to the end of each course, the global acne grading system (GAGS) score was recorded, and 3 mL of blood from the median cubital vein was collected to test the serum levels of IgG, IgM, T, and IGF-1. After 3 courses of treatment, the efficacy index was calculated according to the GAGS score, and the serum indicators in patients with effective treatment (efficacy index ≥20%) and complete sampling were analyzed. Results: A total of 60 patients were included in the final blood indicator analysis. After 3 courses of treatment, the intra-group comparisons showed that the serum IgG level increased significantly in patients in treatment group 1 (P<0.01); the serum T level decreased significantly in the female patients in treatment group 2 (P<0.05); the IGF-1 level significantly decreased in the patients in all three groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01). There were no significant differences in the serum levels of IgG, IgM, T, and IGF-1 among the three groups at each time point (P>0.05). Conclusion: Pricking-bloodletting at auricular points plus auricular point sticking therapy can affect the levels of serum IgG, T, and IGF-1 in AV patients. The level of the serum IGF-1 can be reduced by treatment once a week, twice a week, or 3 times a week. Treatment once a week can increase the patients' serum IgG level, and treatment twice a week can significantly decrease the serum T level in female patients. Reducing the serum IGF-1 level may be one of the action mechanisms of pricking-bloodletting at auricular points plus auricular point sticking therapy in treating AV.

13.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 206-211, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995376

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the cost-effectiveness of a relatively mature artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted diagnosis and treatment system (ENDOANGEL) for gastrointestinal endoscopy in China, and to provide objective and effective data support for hospital acquisition decision.Methods:The number of gastrointestinal endoscopy procedures at the Endoscopy Center of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from January 2017 to December 2019 were collected to predict the procedures of gastrointestinal endoscopy during the service life (10 years) of ENDOANGEL. The net present value, payback period and average rate of return were used to analyze the cost-effectiveness of ENDOANGEL.Results:The net present value of an ENDOANGEL in the expected service life (10 years) was 6 724 100 yuan, the payback period was 1.10 years, and the average rate of return reached 147.84%.Conclusion:ENDOANGEL shows significant economic benefits, and it is reasonable for hospitals to acquire mature AI-assisted diagnosis and treatment system for gastrointestinal endoscopy.

14.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 225-229, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995090

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prenatal ultrasound findings and clinical prognosis in fetal closed spina bifida without subcutaneous mass.Methods:This retrospective study included nine fetuses diagnosed with closed spina bifida without subcutaneous mass by prenatal ultrasound in Women's Hospital of Jiangnan University from October 2016 to February 2022. Descriptive analysis was used to summarize the ultrasonographic features, MRI findings, genetic testing results, pregnancy outcomes and follow-up data.Results:The diagnosis of fetal closed spina bifida without subcutaneous mass was confirmed in all cases by MRI, X-ray examination or ultrasound after termination or neonatal surgery. Four cases presenting with various degrees of sacral vertebra defects had caudal regression syndrome complicated by other malformations. Two cases had dermal sinus, presenting with subcutaneous hypoechoic sinus tract connecting to the spinal canal. Lipoma terminalis were found in two fetuses who presented with intraspinal hyperechoic mass. One fetus with diastematomyelia showed short linear strong echoes and double spinal cord echoes in the spinal canal with butterfly vertebrae. The location of the conus medullaris was lower in seven cases and normal in one fetus. The other one case had unclear position of the conus medullaris. No postoperative complications occurred in the two cases (one with dermal sinus and one with lipoma terminalis) receiving postnatal surgery and both infants grew and developed normally. Fetal death occurred in one case and six pregnancies were terminated.Conclusions:Closed spina bifida without subcutaneous mass typically has ultrasonographic features. Detection of spinal cord echoes in the spinal canal can improve the prenatal detection rate. Whether it is complicated with malformation affects its prognosis. Prenatal ultrasound diagnosis may provide information for prognosis consultation and postpartum treatment.

15.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 295-300, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994714

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) with or without C3 deposition.Methods:Clinical and pathological data of 576 patients with IMN diagnosed in Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2017 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into C3 deposition group and non-C3 deposition group according to the immunofluorescence staining of C3. The clinical and pathological characteristics were compared between the two groups. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to compare the prognosis of the two groups.Results:A total of 576 IMN patients (male 364 (63.20%)) were enrolled, including 400 patients (69.44%) with C3 deposition and 176 patients (30.56%) without C3 deposition. Compared with the non-C3 deposition group, the levels of total blood cholesterol ( t=0.94, P=0.002) and the proportion of phospholipase A2 receptor ( χ2=9.99, P=0.002), IgG ( χ2=10.67, P=0.001), IgM ( χ2=7.00, P=0.008), IgA ( χ2=7.87, P=0.005) and C1q ( χ2=8.28, P=0.004) depositions in renal tissues was higher in C3 deposition group, while the levels of serum C3 ( t=2.87, P=0.004), albumin ( t=3.57, P<0.001) and IgG ( Z=3.55, P<0.001) were lower in C3 deposition group. There were no significant differences in other clinicopathological indicators between the two groups. The survival analysis was performed in 460 patients who were followed for>6 months, including 319 cases (69.35%) of C3 deposition and 141 cases (30.65%) of non-C3 deposition. The end point event was defined as an eGFR decline>30% or entry into end stage renal disease (ESRD). There was no statistically significant difference in treatment method between the two groups ( P>0.05). The median follow-up time was 22 (13,32) months, 327 (71.09%) patients achieved remission, and 22 patients had renal end-point events. Compared with the non-C3 deposition group, the proportion of urinary protein remission was lower ( χ2=10.85, P<0.05), the incidence of renal end-point events was higher ( χ2=5.05, P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that patients with C3 deposition had a lower cumulative remission rate (Log-rank χ2=6.68, P=0.010), and a lower cumulative renal survival than those without C3 deposition had ( χ2=5.42, P=0.020). Conclusions:Compared with patients without C3 deposition, IMN patients with C3 deposition have more severe clinical and pathological changes, lower renal cumulative remission rate, and are more likely to have poor prognosis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 152-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994645

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the current status of surgery for portal hypertension to grasp current status and future development of surgery in China.Methods:This study is jointly sponsored by China Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Specialist Alliance & Portal Hypertension Alliance in China (CHESS).Comprehensive surveying is conducted for basic domestic situations of surgery for portal hypertension, including case load, surgical approaches, management of postoperative complications, primary effects, existing confusion and obstacles, liver transplantation(LT), laparoscopic procedures and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt(TIPS), etc.Results:A total of 8 512 cases of portal hypertension surgery are performed at 378 hospitals nationwide in 2021.Splenectomy plus devascularization predominated(53.0%)and laparoscopy accounted for 76.1%.Primary goal is preventing rebleeding(67.0%) and 72.8% of hospitals used preventive anticoagulants after conventional surgery.And 80.7% of teams believe that the formation of postoperative portal vein thrombosis is a surgical dilemma and 65.3% of hospitals practiced both laparoscopy and TIPS.The major reasons for patients with portal hypertension not receiving LT are due to a lack of qualifications for LT(69.3%)and economic factors(69.0%).Conclusions:Surgery is an integral part of management of portal hypertension in China.However, it is imperative to further standardize the grasp of surgical indications, the handling of surgical operation and the management of postoperative complications.Moreover, prospective, multi-center randomized controlled clinical studies should be performed.

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Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 365-368, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994474

ABSTRACT

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are widely involved in lipid metabolism, glucose metabolism, cell growth and differentiation, and inflammation in the human body. PPARγ agonists can inhibit skin inflammatory response, protect epidermal barrier function, and repair skin injury. This review summarizes various roles of PPARγ in skin biology, and discusses its function in skin diseases, such as psoriasis and skin tumors.

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Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 171-176, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993575

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Objective:To develop the anti-CD30 monoclonal antibody 64Cu-1, 4, 7-trizacyclononane-1, 4, 7-triacetic acid (NOTA)-CD30 and visualize CD30 expression in lymphoma non-invasively. Methods:The CD30 expression levels of 5 cell lines (Karpas299, Raji, Daudi, Ramos, and U266) were assessed by Western blot. Cell lines with high and low CD30 expression were selected for flow cytometry to evaluate the specific binding affinity of anti-CD30 monoclonal antibody. Thirteen NSG mice were used to established CD30 positive and negative subcutaneous xenograft models. 64Cu-NOTA-CD30 was obtained and 64Cu-NOTA-immunoglobulin (Ig)G was used as the control. ImmunoPET imaging was performed 2, 24, and 48 h after the injection of 64Cu-NOTA-CD30 or 64Cu-NOTA-IgG. Finally, the biodistribution studies were conducted. Repeated-measures analysis of variance and Bonferroni test were conducted for comparison. Results:Karpas299 showed the highest CD30 expression, while Raji showed the lowest. Flow cytometry showed specific binding affinity of the anti-CD30 monoclonal antibody to the Karpas299 cell line. The radiochemical purities of the probes were both higher than 95%. In microPET, the 64Cu-NOTA-CD30 uptake of Karpas299 xenograft tumors increased over time, with (11.46±0.58), (17.60±1.16) and (19.46±0.99) percentage activity of injection dose per gram of tissue (%ID/g) at 2, 24 and 48 h respectively. The contrast to normal tissue was good at 48 h, with the tumor/heart (blood) ratio of 2.20±0.22. The uptake of 64Cu-NOTA-CD30 in Karpas299 tumor at 48 h after injection was significantly higher than that in Raji tumor ((6.10±1.03) %ID/g) and 64Cu-NOTA-IgG in Karpas299 tumor ((5.12±0.89) %ID/g; F=290.99, t values: 19.65 and 22.25, all P<0.001). The uptake of 64Cu-NOTA-CD30 and the control probe in the heart and liver decreased over time in all groups. Ex vivo biodistribution at 48 h was mainly consistent with the results of microPET in vivo. Conclusions:64Cu-NOTA-CD30 is able to visualize the expression level and distribution of CD30 non-invasively. It is promising to be applied for screening the beneficial groups and evaluating efficacy for CD30-targeted immunotherapy.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 516-525, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993471

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of epidural scar tissue hyperplasia induced by erythrocyte rupture and release of interleukin-33 (IL-33) after laminectomy in mice.Methods:In the zoological experiment, the operation group (Laminectomy) and the sham operation group were set, and HE staining and Masson staining were performed to test for blood accumulation in the operation area after laminectomy in mice. Then 12 wild-type mice with 6-8 week old were selected and divided into 4 groups: the sham operation group, the operation group (normal saline control), the pure red blood cell intervention operation group, the whole blood intervention operation group. The normal saline (100 mg/kg) was injected into the postoperative area. The red blood cells or whole blood with the same volume were injected into the postoperative area in the pure red blood cell intervention group and the whole blood intervention group. The postoperative recovery of mice in each group was observed. The levels of fibronectin in the postoperative scar tissues of mice in four groups were detected by western blot technology, and the degree of postoperative epidural scar hyperplasia was directly observed by immunohistochemistry. In the cytological experiment, the wild-type mouse erythrocyte normal saline group, the control group of IL-33 knockout mouse erythrocyte normal saline, the wild-type mouse erythrocyte lysis group, and the IL-33 knockout mouse erythrocyte lysis group were set. The levels of IL-33 in the red blood cells of four groups were detected by western blot. Then, a blank wild-type mouse erythrocyte control group, a wild-type mouse relative to the control group (only secondary antibody added to test for non-specific binding), a wild-type mouse erythrocyte group and an IL-33 knockout mouse erythrocyte group (to test for antigen specificity of the primary antibody) were set. Immunofluorescence staining was performed on the erythrocytes of four groups and the level of IL-33 was detected by flow cytometry.Results:HE staining and Masson staining after laminectomy showed that there was blood stasis in the local incision area of mice in the operation group. The epidural scar hyperplasia in the incision area of mice after whole blood or red blood cells intervention was higher, especially in the whole blood intervention group. IL-33 expression was almost undetectable in the wild-type erythrocyte normal saline control group, the IL-33-knockout erythrocyte normal saline control group, and the IL-33-knockout erythrocyte lysis group, while significant IL-33 expression was detectable in the wild-type erythrocyte lysis group. Immunofluorescence staining showed that IL-33 was expressed in and on the erythrocyte membrane of wild-type mice, while non-specific expression of IL-33 or a very small amount of IL-33 was almost undetectable in the other three groups. The immunofluorescence intensities of IL-33 in the four groups were 0.62±0.41, 60.17±4.39, 16.78±7.43 and 0.61±0.03, respectively ( F=281.90, P<0.001). The expression of IL-33 in the erythrocyte group of wild-type mice was the highest ( P<0.05). According to the results of flow cytometry, except for the trace amount of IL-33 detected in the wild-type mouse erythrocyte group, the expression of IL-33 in the other three groups was basically 0. The ratios of fibronectin to β-actin in the modeling area of the four groups gradually increased, and the ratios were 0.79±0.09, 1.26±0.23, 1.79±0.05 and 2.29±0.58, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant ( F=12.86, P=0.002). Fibronectin in the operation area of the three operation groups (normal saline control group, red blood cell intervention group and whole blood intervention group) was significantly higher than that of the sham operation group. The immunohistochemical staining results of fibronectin in the modeling area of the four groups were the same as those in western blot experiment. The average optical density values of fibronectin in each group were 0.09±0.01, 0.18±0.01, 0.22±0.01 and 0.24±0.01, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( F= 210.7, P<0.001). Conclusion:There is indeed blood accumulation in the surgical area after laminectomy in mice, and it can aggravate the hyperplasia of epidural scar tissue. Erythrocyte is the main component in blood, and there is a large amount of IL-33 expression in the inner and outer membrane of erythrocyte membrane. The mechanism of promoting the proliferation of epidural scar tissue may be related to the release of IL-33 by erythrocyte lysis.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 155-163, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993423

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the combination of internal fixation for periprosthetic fractures of the proximal femur (PFFF) after hip arthroplasty.Methods:The data of 58 patients with periprosthetic fractures after hip arthroplasty from May 2008 to March 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, including 31 males and 27 females. The average age was 75.5±18.2 years (range, 35-95 years). There were 39 total hip arthroplasty and 19 hemiarthroplasty; 37 biological prosthesis and 21 cemented prosthesis. Intraoperative periprosthetic fractures occurred in 6 cases and 52 cases postoperatively. Unified classification system (UCS): UCS IV.3A1 type 2 cases, 3A2 type 1 case, 3B1.1 type 19 cases, 3B2.1 type 25 cases, 3B3 type 2 cases, 3C type 9 cases. Fracture site: 3 cases in zone A (greater trochanter), 46 cases in zone B (around the femoral stem), and 9 cases in zone C (distal to the tip of the femoral stem. Internal fixation is composed of primary and secondary fixation, the main fixation method was the cerclage of steel wire or titanium cable, locking compression plate, and locking attachment plate fixation. The secondary fixation method was the cerclage of titanium cable, which was required to cover three zones A, B and C to form an overall balanced fixation. The modified Harris hip scores (mHHS), plate length, working length and screw number of different internal fixation combinations were compared.Results:The follow-up time was 54.2±21.6 months (range, 11-86 months). All patients showed signs of fracture healing at 10.2±1.5 weeks (range, 7-13 weeks) after operation, and bony union was observed at 19.6±1.3 weeks (range, 17-22 weeks) after operation. No delayed union or nonunion was observed. After operation, one case had a stress fracture and was revised with double-plate internal fixation; one case had a failed internal fixation and was revised with double-plate internal fixation and a large allograft bone graft. The mHHS score of UCSIV.3B2.1 group (80.3±4.6) was the lowest at 6 months after operation, and the difference between the groups of different types was statistically significant ( F=256.72, P<0.001). The score of simple internal fixation group (91.6±4.2) was higher than that of revision combined with internal fixation group (81.9±4.1), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=8.32, P<0.001). The plate length and working length were 24.9±2.5 cm and 12.6±1.7 cm for UCS IV.3B1.1, 25.4±2.6 cm and 13.6±1.8 cm for 3B2.1 and 28.1±2.5 cm and 4.9±1.9 cm for 3C, respectively ( F=5.33, P=0.005; F=6.78, P<0.001). The number of screws in zone A was significant difference among different UCS types ( F=52.67, P<0.001); UCS IV.3B1.1 (6.5±2.3) and 3B2.1 (6.7±2.2) were more than 3B3 (3.5±1.5) and 3C (3.7±1.6). The number of screws in zone B was significant difference among different UCS types ( F=42.15, P<0.001); The number of UCS IV.3B1.1 (2.3±1.6) and 3B2.1 (2.8±1.9) were significantly more than that of 3B3 (1.0±0.5) and 3C (1.2±0.6). The number of screws in zone C was significant differences among different UCS types ( F=39.62, P<0.001); The number of UCS IV.3B1.1 (3.8±1.9) and 3B2.1 (3.9±1.7) were more than that of 3B3 (2.0±0.5), the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The function of hip after simple internal fixation of proximal femoral periprosthetic fractures was better than that of those who underwent revision at the same time; the number of screws of UCSIV.B1 and B2 is more than that of B3.

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