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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1763-1767, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941533

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) on adverse pregnancy outcomes of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected pregnant women. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for 232 pregnant women with chronic HBV infection who were admitted to Beijing YouAn Hospital, Capital Medical University, from March 2018 to March 2021. According to the presence or absence of ICP, the patients were divided into HBV infection group with 100 patients and HBV+ICP group with 132 patients; according to the severity of ICP, the patients in the HBV+ICP group were further divided into HBV+mild ICP group with 86 patients and HBV+severe ICP group with 46 patients. The above groups were compared in terms of the incidence rates of maternal complications during pregnancy, such as premature delivery, premature rupture of membranes, gestational diabetes mellitus, hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy, and postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), as well as the adverse outcomes of fetus/neonate, such as intrauterine fetal death, neonatal asphyxia, amniotic fluid pollution degree Ⅲ(AFⅢ), neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, small-for-gestational-age (SGA), admission to the neonatal intensive care unit, pneumonia, and mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HBV. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups; the chi-square test, the chi-square test with continuity correction or the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between multiple groups. Results Compared with the HBV infection group in terms of maternal complications in late pregnancy, the HBV+ICP group had significantly higher incidence rates of premature delivery and PPH ( χ 2 =4.169 and 5.448, P =0.041 and 0.020), and in terms of the adverse outcomes of neonates, the HBV+ICP group had significantly higher incidence rates of neonatal asphyxia, AFⅢ, and SGA than the HBV infection group ( χ 2 =5.448, 16.567, and 11.053, P =0.020, P < 0.001, and P =0.002). In terms of the adverse outcomes of neonates, the HBV+severe ICP group had significantly higher incidence rates of AFⅢ and SGA than the HBV+mild ICP group ( χ 2 =4.200 and 4.511, P =0.040 and 0.034). Conclusion Compared with the pregnant women with HBV infection alone, the pregnant women with HBV infection and ICP have significantly higher incidence rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes in mothers and neonates, and the incidence rate of adverse outcomes in neonates increases with the increase in the severity of ICP. However, ICP has no influence on HBV MTCT.

2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 554-559, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935426

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the infection status of HIV and related factors in men who have sex with men (MSM) in Shanxi province in 2010, 2015 and 2020. Methods: According to the sentinel surveillance protocol, continuous cross-sectional survey were conducted to collect the information about basic characteristics, general demographic characteristics, AIDS knowledge awareness, high-risk sexual behavior, sexually transmitted diseases, intervention services and HIV infection rate of the MSM in Shanxi in 2010, 2015 and 2020. Results: In 2010, 2015 and 2020, a total of 2 708 MSM were included in this study. There were significant differences in HIV infection rate among three years (χ2=23.76, P<0.001) with an increasing trend with year (trend χ2 =17.34, P<0.001). The rates of anal sex, commercial sex and heterosexual behavior in the past 6 months were 77.62% (2 102/2 708), 5.91% (160/2 708) and 28.14% (762/2 708) respectively, and the rates of consistent use of condom were 52.52% (1 104/2 102), 63.13% (101/160) and 23.49%(179/762) respectively, and the rate of consistent condom use was low. Results from multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that different cities, having educational level of junior high school or below, being recruited through internet, voluntary counseling and testing, suffering from sexually transmitted diseases, occasional condom use in anal sex in the past 6 months were the correlative factors of HIV infection of MSM. Conclusions: The HIV infection rate of MSM in Shanxi increased year by year from 2010, 2015 to 2020. The HIV/AIDS-related risk behavior persisted, and the proportion of condomuse adherence was low, and the HIV detection rate was low in the MSM, so targeted and effective measures should be taken to promote the condom use adherence and regular HIV testing in MSM.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , HIV Infections/epidemiology , HIV Testing , Homosexuality, Male , Humans , Male , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Risk-Taking , Sentinel Surveillance , Sex Work , Sexual Behavior , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927358

ABSTRACT

Professor LU Fan adheres to the principle in clinical practice, "the needling principle concentrated on regulating qi ". She takes the advantages of shallow needling technique of acupuncture in treatment of various diseases, e.g. exogenous disease, initial onset of disorder, chronic bi disorder, intractable diseases, disorder of yang nature, disorder of heat nature, thin body, pediatric diseases, disorders on the unilateral side of the body and acute diseases. Besides in compliance with classics, she has broadened the application scope of shallow needling technique of acupuncture and improved the clinical therapeutic effect.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Child , Humans , Moxibustion , Vascular Surgical Procedures
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905320

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of neuromuscular joint facilitation (NJF) or isotonic muscle training on dynamic and static balance in healthy young men. Methods:October, 2019, twelve students of Capital Medical University School of Rehabilitation Medicine (aged 20 to 29) were evaluated the balance indexes of single leg standing on stable support with eyes closing and single leg standing on unstable support with eyes opening with BIODEX Balance Tester, and measured 10-meter walking time and Timed 'Up and Go' Test (TUGT) after non-intervention, NJF ankle joint pattern and ankle flexion and extension. Results:The balance indexes, 10-meter walking time and TUGT were the least after NJF (F > 18.941, P < 0.01). Conclusion:NJF ankle joint model can improve the dynamic and static balance ability of human body more effectively than isotonic contraction training alone.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905305

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the ethical value of rehabilitation medicine and its influence on rehabilitation medicine services. Methods:The ethical value of rehabilitation medicine was studied with the literature review, investigation, and analysis method, integrating with the behavioral process of rehabilitation medicine, and relevant issues were proposed. Results:Rehabilitation medicine ethics was important for rehabilitation medicine services, and played a great role in improvement of qualities of services. Conclusion:The article proposes the significance and methods of how to practice medical ethical principles in rehabilitation medicine, and points out specific measures and practical countermeasures for implementing medical ethics.

6.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 848-852, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941188

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of left bundle branch area pacing (LBBaP) with the new simplified approach (nine-partition method). Methods: A total of 118 patients with clinical indications and received pacemaker implantation from December 1, 2018 to December 31, 2019 in Beijing Anzhen Hospital were enrolled. LBBaP was performed with the nine-partition method (in the right anterior oblique 30° position, the ventriculogram was divided into nine partitions and the initial implant sites were located in the lower base 1/3 partitions). In X-ray image, the 3830 lead is located in the left bundle branch area, the unipolar pacing QRS wave is in the form of right bundle branch block, and the peak time from stimulation to left ventricular activation<90 ms is defined as successful operation. The clinical characters, such as the methods of venipuncture, electrode parameters, operation duration, fluoroscopy duration, the peak time from stimulation to left ventricular, pacemaker types, surgical success rate, complications, and immediate postoperative ECG parameters were collected. The patients were followed up after the operation, and the electrode parameters and postoperative complications were recorded. Results: This study is a retrospective study. There were 62 (52.5%) male patients in this cohort, the average age was (65.9±13.4) years old,and there were 49(41.5%) sick sinus syndrome, 6(5.1%) abnormal sinus node and atrioventricular node simultaneously, 63(53.4%) atrioventricular block, 26(22.0%) atrial fibrillation, 20(16.9%) cardiomyopathy; the baseline duration of QRS was (109.21±39.03) ms. Successful LBBaP was achieved in 109 patients with"nine-partition method"and the success rate was 92.4%; 104 patients (95.5%) were axillary vein puncture, 5 (4.6%) were subclavian vein puncture; the operation duration was (80.3±23.0) min, the fluoroscopy duration was (12.29±5.13) min; the QRS duration after LBBaP was (116.36±18.11) ms. The threshold of the left bundle branch (LBB) lead was (0.92±0.63) V, the R wave amplitude was (10.60±5.04) mV and the impedance was (798.71±194.90) Ω. In 1 V pacing, the peak time from stimulation to left ventricular activation was (67.91±12.15) ms, and in 5 V pacing was (67.52±12.45) ms; 1 case (0.9%) with a single-chamber pacemaker implanted, 106 cases (97.3%) with dual-chamber pacemaker and 2 cases (1.8%) with three-chamber pacemakers. There were no hematomas, pneumothorax, hemothorax, electrode dislocation, infection, and capsular hemorrhage and other serious surgery-related complications during the operation. A total of 97 patients (89.0%) were followed up for (6.21±2.90) months. The electrode parameters of all patients were stable and no complications observed. Conclusions: The LBBaP with nine-partition method is a simple, safe and effective physiological pacing approach. However, its long-term effect still needs to be further verified.


Subject(s)
Aged , Atrioventricular Block , Bundle-Branch Block/therapy , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Feasibility Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871064

ABSTRACT

Spatial epidemiology pertains to the description and analysis of characteristics and the development and change rules of diseases, health, and hygiene events in the population based on geographic information system (GIS) and spatial analysis technology. As a general discipline, spatial epidemiology has been widely used in studying various diseases. In the field of perinatal medicine, research has mainly focused on the relationship between obstetric factors and social factors, as well as environmental factors such as air pollution and traffic, and obstetric outcomes. We review the development direction of spatial epidemiology research in perinatal medicine, hoping this interdisciplinary and efficient data system research method could play a more significant role in clinical medicine.

8.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 201-205, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870249

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze histopathological and clinical features of dermatofibroma,and to explore the relationship between them.Methods Clinical and histopathological data were collected from 150 patients with histopathologically confirmed dermatofibroma in Department of Pathology,Shanghai Skin Disease Hospital from September 2017 to August 2018,and analyzed retrospectively.Results Among the 150 patients,65 were males,and 85 were females.Their age was 42 ± 13.8 years,and the course of disease ranged from 3 months to 30 years.Some of the patients had concomitant symptoms,mainly manifesting as itching,some had spontaneous pain and mild tenderness,and 18 patients had a history of injury,insect bite or infection at lesion sites.Skin lesions mainly occurred on the extremities (107 cases,71.3%),and most were solitary (105 cases,70%).Before pathological examinations,102 cases were clinically diagnosed as dermatofibroma,16 as epidermoid cyst,13 as pigmented nevus,3 as keloid,12 as skin mass,1 as malignant melanoma,1 as xanthogranuloma,1 as prurigo nodularis,and 1 as neurofibroma.Among 169 hematoxylin and eosin (HE)-stained sections,25 (14.8%) appeared to be consistent with aneurysmal dermatofibroma,66 (39.1%)with cellular dermatofibroma,36 (21.3%) with sclerosing dermatofibroma,and 22 (13.0%)with epithelioid dermatofibroma.Coexistence of two or more subtypes could be seen in 12 sections.There were also a few new variants,such as dermatofibroma with hyperplastic sweat duct (1 case),deep dermatofibroma (3 cases),dermatofibroma with epithelioid cells intermingled with hyperplastic collagen (1 case).The duration of aneurysmal dermatofibroma varied from 7 months to 30 years,and most manifested as skin masses on the lower extremities.A relatively short course of disease was observed in patients with cellular dermatofibroma,who often visited a hospital several months after the onset,and cellular dermatofibroma was commonly observed on the extremities and frequently accompanied with itching and pain.The duration of sclerosing or atrophic dermatofibroma was usually long for years or decades,and it commonly occurred on the upper limbs without concomitant symptoms.Epithelioid dermatofibroma of varied durations had various clinical manifestations,frequently occurred on the lower limbs without concomitant symptoms.Conclusions The clinical and pathological manifestations of dermatofibroma are diverse.Different dermatofibroma lesions can share similar typical histopathological manifestations,and atypical pathological features can interfere with the diagnosis of dermatofibroma.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792016

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genetic characteristics of VP1 genes carried by coxsack-ievirus A16 strains isolated from cases of hand foot and mouth disease ( HFMD) in Shenzhen during 2016 to 2017. Methods Fecal and anal swab specimens were collected from patients with mild HFMD in four senti-nel hospitals and the Institute of Pathogen Biology, Shenzhen Center for Disease Control and Prevention, China during 2016 to 2017. All specimens were tested for CVA16 viral RNA using real-time RT-PCR. The VP1 genes of 51 randomly selected CVA16 strains were amplified by RT-PCR and then sequenced using TaKaRa Biomedical Technology ( Dalian). Bioinformatics software, including Mega6. 02, BioEdit and DNAStar, was used for comparison and analysis of the VP1 genes. Results CVA16 strains in Shenzhen during 2016 to 2017 mainly belonged to B1a and B1b subtypes as well as an emerging subtype B3. The epi-demic of B1b subtype was found in both 2016 (28 strains) and 2017 (19 strains), while the B1a subtype ( two strains) was only detected in 2017. Two B3 subtype strains were detected in 2017. The strains of B1b subtype were closely related to the strains isolated in Shanghai ( JQ314149 ) , Wenzhou ( KP289416 ) and Beijing (KU254598), while the B1a subtype strains were closely related to the strains isolated in Kunming (JQ316639) and Tailand (GQ184139). The B3 subtype strain was an emerging CVA16 epidemic strain in mainland China. Further comparison of the CVA16 epidemic strains in Shenzhen area during 2016 to 2017 with the CVA16 strains causing severe neurological symptoms showed that two amino acid mutations ( S14N and M23L) were found in VP1 protein. Conclusions The epidemic strains of CVA16 were B1b subtype in Shenzhen area in 2016. However, B1a, B1b and the emerging B3 subtype strains were prevalent in 2017. Compared with the CVA16 strains causing severe neurological symptoms, the CVA16 strains circulating in Shenzhen during 2016 to 2017 carried two amino acid mutations inVP1 protein.

10.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 257-264, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816801

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy (LI-ESWT) in the treatment of ED based on the available clinical evidence.@*METHODS@#We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, CBM and Wanfang Database up to June 2018 for published randomized controlled trials on the treatment of ED by LI-ESWT. We performed literature screening, data extraction and quality evaluation according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, and conducted a meta-analysis of the data obtained using the RevMan 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#A total of 595 ED cases in 8 double-blind randomized controlled trials (RCT) were included in this study, 362 in the LI-ESWT and 233 in the control group. Compared with the controls, the patients treated by LI-ESWT showed significantly improved IIEF (WMD = 1.70, 95% CI: 0.44-2.96, P = 0.008) and erection hardness score (EHS) (RR = 11.72, 95% CI: 5.13-26.80, P < 0.01). The IIEF scores of the patients were markedly increased at 4 and 24 weeks after LI-ESWT (WMD = 1.43, 95% CI: 0.10-2.75, P = 0.03; WMD = 3.09, 95% CI: 1.49-4.68, P = 0.0002), as well as after the 10th to 12th treatment (WMD = 1.81, 95% CI: 0.31-3.31, P = 0.02) though not after the 5th to 6th (WMD = 1.88, 95% CI: -2.10 to 5.86, P = 0.35). LI-ESWT also significantly increased the IIEF scores in the patients with the baseline IIEF ≥12 (WMD = 2.13, 95% CI: 0.51-3.75, P = 0.01) but not in those with the baseline IIEF ≤11 (WMD = 1.04, 95% CI: -0.96 to 3.03, P = 0.31). No significant adverse events were reported in the 8 RCTs.@*CONCLUSIONS@#As a non-invasive treatment, LI-ESWT is safe and effective and can significantly improve IIEF and EHS in ED patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746043

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the genetic characteristics of VP1-VP4 genes carried by cox-sackievirus A6 (CVA6) strains isolated from severe cases of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) in Shenzhen during 2012 to 2015. -ethods The VP1-VP4 genes of CVA6 strains isolated from severe HFMD cases in Shenzhen during 2012 to 2015 were amplified and sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis was performed to analyze the VP1-VP4 genes of CVA6 isolates and sequences downloaded from GenBank by using DNASTAR6. 0 and MEGA6. 02 software packages. Results Four cases of severe HFMD were caused by CVA6 in Shenzhen during 2012 to 2015. All of the patients had the symptom of fever, skin rash and aseptic encephalitis. The CVA6 strain causing severe HFMD in 2013 shared 98. 8%-98. 9% homology in nucleotide sequences and 99. 3%-99. 8% in amino acid sequences with the strains isolated in 2012. Two amino acid mutations were found in the CVA6 strain isolated in 2013, which were G73E in VP2 region and S13G in VP1 region. However, the CVA6 strain isolated in 2015 only shared 95. 0% homology in nucleotide sequences and 99. 3% homology in amino acid sequences with the strain isolated in 2013. Six amino acid mutations were identified including E73G in VP2 region and T5A, S27N, A30V, N137S and V242I in VP1 region. The phylogenetic analysis revealed that the four CVA6 strains belong to D3 sub-genotype. The CVA6 strains causing severe cases in 2012 had the nearest genetic relationship with the strain isolated in Changsha in 2012 (KJ156349). The CVA6 strain isolated in Shenzhen in 2013 had the nearest genetic relationship with the strain isolated in Shanghai in 2013 (KJ612513). The Shenzhen CVA6 isolate in 2015 showed high similarity to Weifang CVA6 isolate in 2014 (KX752785). Conclusions All CVA6 strains causing severe HFMD ca-ses in Shenzhen during 2012 to 2015 belongs to D3 sub-genotype. Mutations of S27N and A30V in the VP1 region of the CVA6 isolate in 2015 are located in the B cell epitopes. In addition, the VP1-V242I mutation in the CVA6 strain isolated in 2015 is located in the binding site of PSGL-1 receptor. These mutations may affect the binding of CVA6 strains to the cellular receptors and their infectivity to people.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779500

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the death and disease burden of injury in Guangxi from 2014 to 2016, so as to provide scientific basis for making policy strategies on injury prevention. Methods Datas from the Death Monitoring Network in Guangxi from 2014 to 2016 were analyzed. Descriptive statistics and Chi square were used to describe the mortalities. The potential years of life lost (YPLL) and average years of potential life lost(AYPLL) were assessed. Results A total of 29 288 deaths were reported in Guangxi. The mortality rate was 42.77/100 000. The overall mortality rate decreased over the past three years. Traffic accident, accidental fall, drowning, suicide and sequela, accidental poisoning were the top five causes of injury deaths. The leading cause of injury death in the 0 to 14 age group was drowning, traffic accident in the 15 to 64 age group and accidental fall in the 65 years old and above group. The AYPLL was 29.11 years and, which was higher in male than in female and there was no significant difference between urban and rural. Suicide and sequela had become the biggest average disease burden. Conclusions The average mortality rate decreased in Guangxi from 2014 to 2016. It is necessary to take effective measures to prevent and control injury.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779449

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the predictive effect of model [GM(1,1)] in China’s maternal and child health indicators, and to predict the future maternal and child health indicators in a short-term, and provide a scientific basis for the gradual improvement of maternal and child health care services in China. Methods The maternal mortality rate (MMR), neonatal mortality rate (NMR), infant mortality rate (IMR) and under-five mortality rate (U5MR) were collected from 2008 to 2017 in China. Models were established and MATLAB 2018b software was used for predictive analysis. Results The prediction models of maternal mortality rate, neonatal mortality rate, infant mortality rate and under-five mortality rate were as follows: x

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778720

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the trend of maternal mortality in China from 2005 to 2015, and analyze the maternal health status in various regions of China in 2015, so as to provide scientific basis for the rational allocation of health resources by relevant departments. Methods The dynamic series method was used to describe the trend of maternal mortality in China from 2005 to 2015. The principal component analysis method was used to evaluate the maternal health status in China in 2015. Results From 2005 to 2015, the maternal mortality in the whole country and urban and rural areas showed a downward trend. The average growth rate was respectively -0.0756, -0.0210, -0.0852. The majority of the coastal provinces and cities had a balanced development of maternal health care, and Jiangsu Province had two main component values ranked first (F1=218.3, F2=60.6). Conclusion China’s maternal health care industry have achieved remarkable results. The development direction should be shifted from coastal to inland, laying a good foundation for the realization of the next goal in the future.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775877

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on sympathetic nerve-related substance in myocardial tissue in mice with myocardial ischemia (MI), and to explore its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Thirty adult male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group and an EA group, 10 mice in each one. The model of MI was established in the model group and EA group by ligating the left anterior descending branch of coronary artery. The mice in the sham operation group were not treated with ligating at left anterior descending branch of coronary artery, but the remaining procedure was similar with the model group. The mice in the EA group were treated with EA at "Neiguan" (PC 6) with 2 Hz/100 Hz of frequency and 2 mA of intensity, 20 min per treatment, once a day for totally 5 days. No EA was given for model group and sham operation group. The electrocardiogram was recorded and △ST value was calculated to evaluate the model. TTC staining was applied to evaluate the infarct size. Immunohistochemical (IHC) method was applied to evaluate the positive nerve fiber density in myocardial tissue. Western blot method was applied to test the protein expression levels of neuregulin-1 (NRG-1), tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), growth associated protein-43 (GAP-43).@*RESULTS@#The electrocardiogram (lead II) results indicated compared with the sham operation group, the S-T segments in the model group and EA group were increased obviously (both <0.01), indicating the MI model was established successfully. The TTC staining results indicated compared with sham operation group, the infarction size was significantly increased in the model group (<0.01); compared with the model group, the infarction size in the EA group was significantly reduced (<0.01). The IHC results indicated compared with the sham operation group, the positive nerve fiber density in myocardial was increased in the model group (<0.01); compared with the model group, the positive nerve fiber density in myocardial was reduced in the EA group (<0.05). The Western blot results indicated compared with the sham operation group, the expression levels of TH, NRG-1 and GAP-43 were significantly increased in the model group (<0.01); compared with the model group, the expression level of TH and GAP-43 were significantly reduced (<0.01) and that of NRG-1 was increased in the EA group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA could increase the expression of NRG-1 and reduce the expression of TH and GAP-43 in myocardial tissues in MI mice, which could suppress sympathetic nerve hyperexcitability after infarction to achieve myocardial protection effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Coronary Artery Disease , Electroacupuncture , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Myocardial Ischemia , Myocardium
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763096

ABSTRACT

Cancer and ischemic stroke (IS) are leading causes of death and disability, worldwide. It is reported that cancer increases IS incidence with various unknown mechanism. We retrospectively reviewed medical records of single tertiary medical center between January 2012 and December 2016. A total of 40,047 patients with cancer were analyzed and 63 patients (0.16%) were diagnosed of IS with underlying cancer. Lung (27.0%), gastric (14.3%) and colorectal (12.7%) cancers were the most frequent types of cancers and adenocarcinoma was the most common histologic type. We compared the clinical variables (demographic data, comorbidities, cancer stage, infarction pattern and severity) between adenocarcinoma and non-adenocarcinoma groups. And the results showed low coexistence of dyslipidemia and smoking history, and higher rate of multiple vascular territory infarct in adenocarcinoma group (p < 0.05). Six-month post stroke mortality rate was 34.6% and systemic metastasis and multi-territorial infarction were significantly relevant with the six-month mortality (p < 0.001). Also, initial National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (p < 0.05) and modified Rankin Scale scores were statistically significantly worse in mortality group (p < 0.05). In conclusion, the most frequent cancer type was lung cancer and adenocarcinoma the most common histologic type. Mortality at 6-month post stroke was high, and it was associated with stage of cancer and initial neurological severity.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Cause of Death , Comorbidity , Dyslipidemias , Humans , Incidence , Infarction , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Medical Records , Mortality , Neoplasm Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Smoke , Smoking , Stroke
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 190-196, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772861

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Physiologic cardiac pacing is a novel technique which has been largely popularized in recent decades. His bundle pacing (HBP) has been long considered the most physiologic pacing method; however, with the widespread implementation of this method, its disadvantages have become apparent. In this context, left bundle branch pacing (LBBP)-directly engaged in the His-Purkinje system-has been foreseen as the best pacing method to mimic physiologic activation patterns. This review aimed to summarize recent approaches to physiologic cardiac pacing.@*DATA SOURCES@#This review included fully peer reviewed publications up to July 2018, found in the PubMed database using the keywords "His bundle branch pacing," "right ventricular pacing," and "physiologic pacing."@*STUDY SELECTION@#All selected articles were in English, with no restriction on study design.@*RESULTS@#The HBP has been studied worldwide, and is currently considered the most physiologic pacing method. However, it has disadvantages, such as high pacing threshold, unsatisfactory sensing and long procedure times, among others. Although LBBP is theoretically superior to HBP, the clinical relevance of this difference remains under debate, as few large randomized clinical trials with LBBP have been published.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although HBP indeed appears to be the most physiologic pacing method, it has certain shortcomings, such as high pacing threshold, difficult implantation due to specific anatomic features, and others. Further studies are required to clarify the clinical significance of LBBP.


Subject(s)
Cardiac Catheterization , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy , Humans , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797627

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the genetic characteristics of VP1 genes carried by coxsackievirus A16 strains isolated from cases of hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in Shenzhen during 2016 to 2017.@*Methods@#Fecal and anal swab specimens were collected from patients with mild HFMD in four sentinel hospitals and the Institute of Pathogen Biology, Shenzhen Center for Disease Control and Prevention, China during 2016 to 2017. All specimens were tested for CVA16 viral RNA using real-time RT-PCR. The VP1 genes of 51 randomly selected CVA16 strains were amplified by RT-PCR and then sequenced using TaKaRa Biomedical Technology (Dalian). Bioinformatics software, including Mega6.02, BioEdit and DNAStar, was used for comparison and analysis of the VP1 genes.@*Results@#CVA16 strains in Shenzhen during 2016 to 2017 mainly belonged to B1a and B1b subtypes as well as an emerging subtype B3. The epidemic of B1b subtype was found in both 2016 (28 strains) and 2017 (19 strains), while the B1a subtype (two strains) was only detected in 2017. Two B3 subtype strains were detected in 2017. The strains of B1b subtype were closely related to the strains isolated in Shanghai (JQ314149), Wenzhou (KP289416) and Beijing (KU254598), while the B1a subtype strains were closely related to the strains isolated in Kunming (JQ316639) and Tailand (GQ184139). The B3 subtype strain was an emerging CVA16 epidemic strain in mainland China. Further comparison of the CVA16 epidemic strains in Shenzhen area during 2016 to 2017 with the CVA16 strains causing severe neurological symptoms showed that two amino acid mutations (S14N and M23L) were found in VP1 protein.@*Conclusions@#The epidemic strains of CVA16 were B1b subtype in Shenzhen area in 2016. However, B1a, B1b and the emerging B3 subtype strains were prevalent in 2017. Compared with the CVA16 strains causing severe neurological symptoms, the CVA16 strains circulating in Shenzhen during 2016 to 2017 carried two amino acid mutations inVP1 protein.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806327

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Many physicians and patients still have concerns about the safety of breastfeeding in mothers infected with hepatitis B virus; we evaluate the safety of the newborn and the women with HBeAg positive and high viral load, who received nucleoside analogues to block maternal to child transmisssion and selected postpartum breastfeeding after drug discontinuance.@*Methods@#This prospective, observational study enrolled 60 HBeAg positive patients and HBV-DNA >2*10E+ 5 IU/ml, all patients started antiviral treatment for blocking maternal to child transmission at 24-28 weeks of pregnancy. All the newborns received the active-passive immunization therapy with hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) and HBVac. After the delivery, patients with normal liver function discontinued the antiviral drug and selected breastfeeding voluntarily. The safety of breastfeeding were compared with patients selected artificial feedings, they were followed up for 7 months. Primary measurements were the proportion of mothers with abormal liver function after stopping the drug and the level of newborn’s anti-HBs at 6 months of age; secondary measurements were the positive rate of neonatal HBsAg and the HBV-DNA value of the patients at 6 weeks postpartum.@*Results@#From December 1, 2015 to May 1, 2017, 415 patients were enrolled in Beijing You’an Hospital Affiliated to the Capital Medical University and all these patients were born following full-term single-child pregnancy. After the delivery and drug withdrawal, there was no significant difference in the incidence of ALT elevation between the breast fed group and the artificially fed group: 29 /220 versus 30/195, (χ2=0.411, P=0.521). Patients continued to take the antiviral medicines between the breast feeding group and the artificial feeding group: 15 /220 versus 20/195, (χ2=1.487, P=0.223), there were no significant differences between them (P> 0.05). At the month 7, there were no significant difference between the breast fed group and the artificially fed group (747.62±374.08 mlU/ml versus 709.76±374.32 mlU/ml, t-value: 0.309, P-value>0.05). At birth, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was detected in 15/220 and 20/195 of newborns in the breast feeding and artificially fed groups, respectively. At month 7, an intention-to-treat analysis indicated 0/220 of HBsAg infants from the breast fed versus 0/195 in the artificially fed group (P>0.05) and no significant difference was found in the rate of positive HBsAg between the two groups. In the breast fed group, the mean HBV DNA at baseline was significantly higher than that of the artificially fed group: (1.17±1.82) E+ 8 IU/ml versus (1.12±0.39)E+ 8 IU/ml, and the difference was statistically significant.@*Conclusions@#We have not found the relationship between the rate of neonatal infection and the increase of maternal abnormal liver function in HBeAg positive and high viral load patients, who chose breastfeeding after drug discontinuance.

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Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 336-344, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779882

ABSTRACT

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has emerged as a more effective and promising treatment towards cancer therapy. PDT is a minimally invasive and spatially selective medical technique to destroy cancer cells without drug resistance, which has been increasingly applied in the clinical praxis alongside surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. However, traditional PDTs use a high energy one-photon laser beam, which is far from the efficient optical window of mammalian tissue (650−950 nm). Moreover, it has great limitations in the depth of penetration, and induces the undesired light toxicity. The development of photosensitizers has always been a bottleneck to the effective application of PDT in clinical practice. From the first generation of hematoporphyrin derivatives to the third-generation photosensitizers with tumor targeting ability, they meet the urgent clinical needs to some extent, but they still can not satisfy the requirements of two-photon PDT. Therefore, the development of photosensitizers, which are capable of two-photon activated PDT, has become a promising approach. Among the various two-photon absorption photosensitizers, ruthenium (Ⅱ) polypyridyl complexes have been recognized as excellent candidates due to their attractive photophysical properties. This review is prepared to summarize the recent achievements in the application of ruthenium (Ⅱ) polypyridyl complexes as photosensitizers for two-photon PDT, as well as to provide guidance for the design of two-photon activated photosensitizers in future research.

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