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1.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 998-1002,1007, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992411

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between the neural development of preterm infants and gut microbiota.Methods:66 premature infants who were hospitalized in the Neonatology Department of Hunan Children′s Hospital from September 2018 to September 2019 were included in the study. Their fecal samples and clinical data from the first admission were collected. According to the neurodevelopment, the patients were divided into normal neurodevelopment group and neurodysplasia group. The bacterial DNA of fecal samples was extracted by 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing technology and bioinformatics analysis was conducted to compare the composition and diversity of gut microbiota between the two groups.Results:(1) The Shannon index of gut microbiota in normal neurodevelopmental group and neurodysplastic group was 0.89(0.41, 1.51) and 1.01(0.47, 1.31), respectively. There was no significant difference in diversity index between the two groups ( P>0.05). (2) Bifidobacterium, veronica and negativites in the gut microbiota of the normal neurodevelopmental group were significantly higher (all P<0.05), and streptococcus in the gut microbiota of the dysplastic group were significantly higher ( P<0.05). The gut microbiota of the two groups were mainly enterococcus and escherichia shigella. Conclusions:At the genus level, enterococcus and escherichia are the dominant flora of early gut microbiota in preterm infants. Gut microbiota is related to the neural development of preterm infants. The increased abundance of streptococcus, and the decreased abundance of bifidobacterium, veronicus, and negativites may be risk factors for neurodysplasia of preterm infants. The diversity of gut microbiota in early preterm infants may not be significantly related to neural development.

2.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 997-1003, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990285

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the related literature of pulmonary rehabilitation research at home and abroad, understand its research focus and development trend, and provide a reference and basis for future pulmonary rehabilitation research.Methods:Literature related to pulmonary rehabilitation published in the database of Web of Science and China National Knowledge Infrastructure from January 2015 to February 2022 was retrieved, and the contents such as the number of articles published annually, authors, research institutions, and high-frequency keywords were visually analyzed by bibliometrics and CiteSpace software.Results:The number of articles published each year showed an obvious upward trend from 2015, and the number of Chinese documents was higher than that of English documents from 2019 to 2020. MARTIJN A SPRUIT was the author with the largest number of articles published in English, with a total of 65 articles published, with close cooperation among scholars. Che Guowei was the author with the largest number of articles published in Chinese literature, with 13 articles published in total. The cooperation among the authors was relatively lacking and scattered. The main research institutions abroad were universities, and the institution with the highest number of papers was Maastricht University in the Netherlands, with a total of 85 articles. The research institutions cooperated closely and formed a cooperation network. Hospitals were the main research institutions in China, and the thoracic surgery Department of West China Hospital of Sichuan University had the highest total number of publications, with 14 articles. The cooperation among institutions was not close, and there was a lack of cooperation with universities and scientific research institutions. Through keyword co-occurrence and clustering and timeline view analysis, it was concluded that the research hotspots in this field were pulmonary rehabilitation of patients with different chronic respiratory diseases, the influence of pulmonary rehabilitation on lung function and quality of life of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and the intervention methods of pulmonary rehabilitation. The future trend was predicted as the clinical application value of pulmonary rehabilitation in the treatment of lung cancer.Conclusions:At present, pulmonary rehabilitation research is in a stable development period. However, the cooperation between domestic authors and institutions is not close enough compared with foreign countries. In the future, China should strengthen the communication and cooperation between research teams, and learn from foreign research results to further develop the application of pulmonary rehabilitation in lung cancer patients, to promote the development of pulmonary rehabilitation research in China.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1023-1027, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956257

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the characteristics and differences of intestinal flora in premature infants with late-onset sepsis (LOS) and pneumonia by high-throughput sequencing technology, and to investigate the relationship between intestinal flora and LOS.Methods:Through the case-control method, premature infants with late-onset sepsis who were hospitalized in the neonatal department of Hunan Children′s Hospital from August 2018 to October 2019 were selected as the case group ( n=8). At the same time, premature infants diagnosed with pneumonia were selected as the control group ( n=8). The fecal samples of 16 premature infants were collected for the first time, and the DNA was extracted. The DNA of the target region was amplified by polymerase chain reaction(PCR). High-throughput sequencing was performed using NovaSeq 6000 platform to analyze the composition and diversity of intestinal flora between the two groups. Results:(1) Alpha diversity analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the richness and diversity of intestinal flora between the two groups(all P>0.05). (2) The intestinal flora in premature infants of LOS group and control group were dominated by Firmicutes and Proteobacteria, and facultative anaerobes such as Enterococcus and Escherichia-Shigella were the dominant flora at the genus level. Metastas statistical analysis showed that there was no statistically significant difference in flora composition between the two groups at the phylum level ( P>0.05). (3) Metastas statistical analysis was carried out at the level of class, order, family, genus, and species. The relative abundance of actinomycetes, digestive streptococcaceae and Clostridium in LOS group was higher than that in pneumonia group, and the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05). (4) The relative abundance of Staphylococcus in the LOS group was significantly greater than that in the control group, but Metastas statistical analysis showed that there was no statistically significant difference in the relative abundance of staphylococcus between the two groups ( P>0.05). (5) Among the 8 cases of LOS, 3 premature infants had positive blood cultures, namely Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus mitis, and Enterococcus faecalis. Enterococcus faecalis belongs to the genus Enterococcus, and Enterococcus belongs to the dominant genus in the LOS group. Conclusions:Different site infections have effects on intestinal microecology of premature infants. There were differences in intestinal flora composition between premature infants with LOS and premature infants with pneumonia.

4.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1589-1592, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954795

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy is a chronic brain dysfunction caused by the excessive synchronous firing of neurons.It is one of the common nervous system diseases in children.Repeated epileptic seizures often lead to physiological and inte-llectual damage in children, seriously affecting children′s growth, development and health.Previous studies have shown that there are significant differences in intestinal flora between epileptic and normal children.Intestinal flora participate in the development of epilepsy through multiple pathways, including the immune system, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, neurotransmitters and vagus nerve.

5.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 272-277, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936312

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes in autophagy of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from patients with ankylosing spondylitis and explore the mechanism for decreased autophagy in ASMSCs.@*METHODS@#MSCs collected from 14 patients with AS (ASMSCs) and from 15 healthy donors (HDMSCs) were cultured in the absence or presence of 25 ng/mL TNF-α for 6 h. Autophagy of the cells was determined by immunofluorescence staining of GFP-LC3B, and the results were confirmed by detecting the protein expressions of autophagy markers LC3 II/LC3 I and P62. The mRNA expressions of the related genes were detected using qRT-PCR, and the protein expressions of the autophagy markers and signaling pathway-related molecules were determined with Western blotting. TG100713 was used to block the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signal pathway, and its effect on autophagy of ASMSCs was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#ASMSCs showed significantly weaker GFP-LC3B puncta staining and lower protein expression levels of LC3 II/LC3 I but higher levels of P62 protein (P < 0.05), indicating a decreased autophagy capacity as compared with HDMSCs. TNF-α-induced ASMSCs showed significantly higher protein expressions of p-PI3K/ PI3K, p-AKT/AKT and p-mTOR/mTOR than HDMSCs (P < 0.05), suggesting hyperactivation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway in ASMSCs. Blocking PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling with TG100713 eliminated the difference in TNF-α-induced autophagy between HDMSCs and ASMSCs.@*CONCLUSION@#In patients with AS, hyperactivation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway results in decreased autophagy of the MSCs and potentially contributes to chronic inflammation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autophagy , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
6.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 290-296, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928602

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the difference in intestinal flora between children with focal epilepsy and healthy children and the change in intestinal flora after treatment in children with epilepsy.@*METHODS@#A total of 10 children with newly diagnosed focal epilepsy were recruited as the case group and were all treated with oxcarbazepine alone. Their clinical data were recorded. Fecal specimens before treatment and after 3 months of treatment were collected. Fourteen aged-matched healthy children were recruited as the control group. Total bacterial DNA was extracted from the fecal specimens for 16S rDNA sequencing and bioinformatics analysis.@*RESULTS@#After 3 months of carbamazepine treatment, the seizure frequency was reduced by >50% in the case group. At the phylum level, the abundance of Actinobacteria in the case group before treatment was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05), and it was reduced after treatment (P<0.05). At the genus level, the abundances of Escherichia/Shigella, Streptococcus, Collinsella, and Megamonas in the case group before treatment were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05), and the abundances of these bacteria decreased significantly after treatment (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a significant difference in intestinal flora between children with focal epilepsy and healthy children. Oxcarbazepine can significantly improve the symptoms and intestinal flora in children with epilepsy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Child , Humans , Bacteria/genetics , DNA, Bacterial , Epilepsies, Partial/drug therapy , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 233-241, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940374

ABSTRACT

Due to the infinite proliferation, strong migration and loss of contact inhibition of tumor cells, tumor has become the most intractable diseases to be cured in the world. At present, the main treatments of tumor diseases are surgical resection, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, targeted-therapy and immunotherapy. Although these measures can inhibit or kill the tumor to a certain extent, they still cannot avoid adverse reactions and drug resistance. After thousands of years of clinical practice, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has the characteristics of good curative effect, few adverse reactions and significantly improving the quality of life in patients, which provides new ideas for the prevention and treatment of tumors. As an endemic and rare plant in China, Tetrastigma hemsleyanum has been listed in the 2015 edition of Zhejiang Provincial Processing Specification of TCM with the effects of heat-clearing and detoxification, detumescence and analgesia, dissipating phlegm and resolving masses. It has been reported that the chemical constituents of T. hemsleyanum are mainly flavonoids, polysaccharides, phenolic acids, terpenoids, steroids, volatile oils, alkaloids and so on. It can exert a broad spectrum of anti-tumor effects through various ways such as inhibiting proliferation, migration and invasion of tumor cells, inducing apoptosis of tumor cells, inhibiting angiogenesis of tumor cells, reversing multidrug resistance of tumor cells and regulating body autoimmunity. On the basis of reviewing relevant literature at home and abroad, this paper intends to systematically sort out the chemical and anti-tumor research of T. hemsleyanum, and in order to provide a new idea for its synergistic anti-tumor effect of multi-component, multi-pathway and multi-target, and finally provide theoretical basis for the research and development and clinical application of new anti-tumor drugs of T. hemsleyanum.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 700-706, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932124

ABSTRACT

Objective:The purpose of this study was to analyze the expression profile of miRNAs in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), and to discuss the clinical significance of differentially expressed miRNAs.Methods:MiRNA microarray was used to analyze the expression of miRNA in peripheral blood of 3 pairs of ASD patients-healthy controls; 17 pairs of ASD patients-healthy controls were used to verify the differentially expressed miRNA; Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the differential expression the value of miRNA in the diagnosis of ASD.Results:A total of 32 differentially expressed genes were screened by 3 pairs of miRNA microarray including 12 up-regulated miRNAs and 20 down-regulated miRNAs. miRNA verification of 20 differentially expressed miRNAs showed miR-15a-5p, miR-27a-3p , miR-142-3p and miR-142-5p were significantly down-regulated in children with ASD, with statistically significant difference (all P<0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of the above four miRNAs diagnosing ASD were all greater than 0.70, with sensitivities 94.12%, 100%, 100%, and 82.35%, respectively. Conclusions:The expression of miR-142-3p, miR-27a-3p/miR-15a-5p, and miR-142-5p is down-regulated in the peripheral blood of ASD patients, and has the potential as biomarkers for early screening of ASD.

9.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 277-279, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987532

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to suggest the physicians using olanzapine to strengthen the recognition and treatment of restless leg syndrome (RLS) in clinical practice. In this paper, one patient with schizophrenia suffered from RLS during olanzapine administration, which was characterized by unpleasant sensory disturbances in bilateral lower extremity at night, intense urges to move legs, and inability to sleep. After taking gabapentin, the above symptoms were significantly improved.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2535-2543, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921208

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It is crucial to differentiate accurately glioma recurrence and pseudoprogression which have entirely different prognosis and require different treatment strategies. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) as a tool for distinguishing glioma recurrence and pseudoprogression.@*METHODS@#According to particular criteria of inclusion and exclusion, related studies up to May 1, 2019, were thoroughly searched from several databases including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Chinese biomedical databases. The quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies was applied to evaluate the quality of the included studies. By using the "mada" package in R, the heterogeneity, overall sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic odds ratio were calculated. Moreover, funnel plots were used to visualize and estimate the publication bias in this study. The area under the summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curve was computed to display the diagnostic efficiency of DCE-MRI.@*RESULTS@#In the present meta-analysis, a total of 11 studies covering 616 patients were included. The results showed that the pooled sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic odds ratio were 0.792 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.707-0.857), 0.779 (95% CI 0.715-0.832), and 16.219 (97.5% CI 9.123-28.833), respectively. The value of the area under the SROC curve was 0.846. In addition, the SROC curve showed high sensitivities (>0.6) and low false positive rates (<0.5) from most of the included studies, which suggest that the results of our study were reliable. Furthermore, the funnel plot suggested the existence of publication bias.@*CONCLUSIONS@#While the DCE-MRI is not the perfect diagnostic tool for distinguishing glioma recurrence and pseudoprogression, it was capable of improving diagnostic accuracy. Hence, further investigations combining DCE-MRI with other imaging modalities are required to establish an efficient diagnostic method for glioma patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glioma/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/diagnostic imaging , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
11.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 918-921, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908395

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy is one of the common diseases of nervous system.Most children′s epilepsy can be controlled by drug treatment, but 20%—30% of children with epilepsy still have poor control effect after treatment, and eventually develop into intractable epilepsy, which seriously affects their healthy growth.In recent years, it has been found that the intestinal flora has two-way connection with the brain through the brain-intestine axis, including vagus nerve, neuroendocrine hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, intestinal immune system, neurotransmitters and neuroregulatory factors, which have a significant impact on the physiological, behavioral and cognitive functions of the brain, thus playing a role in the occurrence and development of epilepsy.Intestinal flora is closely related to epilepsy and may be a target for epilepsy treatment.Therefore, this review summarized the potential role of intestinal flora in epilepsy treatment.

12.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 756-762, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908367

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summary the mixed infection as well as clinical characteristics and analyze the risk factors for mixed infection of severe adenovirus pneumonia(SAP) in children.Methods:The clinical data of 114 children with SAP were retrospectively analyzed.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the risk factors for mixed infection.Results:The incidence age was from 6 months to 2 years(62.5%). High fever(94.7%), cough(98.2%), dyspnea(86.8%) and lethargy(95.6%) were the main symptoms.Laboratory examination showed that children with SAP were prone to increased white blood cell count, C-reactive protein, procalcitonin, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and CK-MB, as well as decreased proportion of CD3 + , CD4 + , CD8 + , CD4 + /CD8 + and NK cells.The main complications intrapulmonary organ were respiratory failure(80.7%). The main complications extrapulmonary organ were circulatory complications (55.3%). SAP was easily combined with other pathogenic infections.Streptococcus pneumoniae(22.9%)was the most common bacterial pathogen.Respiratory syncytial virus(10.0%)were the most common virus, in addition, mycoplasma pneumoniae(17.1%) was also common.Multivariable Logistic regression analysis showed that the decreasing ratio of CD4 + /CD8 + and NK cells, congenital heart disease and congenital airway dysplasia were the independent risk factors for mixed infection of SAP in children( P<0.05). Conclusion:The SAP patients could easily suffer from mixed infection and high fatality rate.Immune dysregulation is the important risk factors for mixed infection of SAP in children.So immunoregulatory treatment is very important.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1690-1692,1698, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931987

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and summarize the characteristics of ultrasonographic images of non-lactating mastitis, improve the diagnostic accuracy, and guide the clinical treatment.Methods:The ultrasonic images of 46 patients with non lactation mastitis diagnosed by pathology in People′s Hospital of Heyuan from January 2017 to November 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The ultrasonic images were compared with the pathological results, and the ultrasonic characteristics of non lactation mastitis were analyzed.Results:Among the 46 cases of non lactation mastitis, there were 24 cases of chronic mastitis, 15 cases of granulomatous lobular mastitis, 5 cases of plasma cell mastitis and 2 cases of lymphocytic lobulitis. The ultrasonographic features of non lactation mastitis were patchy hypoechoic mixed with anechoic areas with poor sound transmission. Granulomatous lobular mastitis was easy to be misdiagnosed as malignant lesions because of its disordered echo.Conclusions:Mastering the ultrasound characteristics of non-lactation mastitis can help to improve the accuracy of diagnosis of non-lactation mastitis.

14.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 240-244, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884040

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on the microarray data mining method, the function and pathway of differential genes were analyzed after the differential genes were screened. At the same time, the core genes that determine the prognosis of pediatric hepatoblastoma were screened by coexpression network, and their predictive ability was evaluated.Methods:The microarray expression profile of pediatric hepatoblastoma used in this study was from the European Institute of bioinformatics (http: //www.ebi.ac.uk/embl/). The deadline for data collection was December 31, 2018. Firstly, the differentially expressed genes (gene expression level increased to 2 times or decreased to 1/2 of the original) were screened by SAM method, then the core genes were screened by coexpression network model based on dimension reduction principle, and the gene regulation evaluation score was calculated by MCODE algorithm to evaluate its regulation ability in the whole network model.Results:According to the enrichment results of 213 differentially expressed genes, the highest enrichment degree of signal pathway was metabolic pathways (2 122.529). The misjudgment rate of signal pathway enrichment results was less than 0.001, and the misjudgment rate was statistically significant by SAM method ( P<0.001). A total of 213 differentially expressed genes in different prognosis groups were used as the basis for the construction of the coexpression network. A total of 12 differentially expressed genes were included in the coexpression network. Using the poor prognosis group as the experimental group, and the better prognosis group as the control group, the MCODE algorithm was used to calculate the gene regulatory ability score. The results showed that the highest gene for determining the prognosis control ability of children hepatblastoma was ADH1A gene with a score of 19. In addition, the regulatory ability scores of HAO1, ADH1B, ALDOB and DPYS genes were higher than or close to 5, so they could be considered as the core genes in the coexpression network module. Conclusions:According to the results of coexpression network model, ADH1A gene is closely related to the occurrence and development of hepatoblastoma in children, and its molecular biological evidence needs to be further explored to guide the clinical development of tumor targeted intervention therapy.

15.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 561-565, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015530

ABSTRACT

Objective To research the clinical significance of the tibiofibular syndesmosis based on the anatomical characteristics of the tibiofibular syndesmosis. Methods A total of 51 tibiofibular syndesmosis collected from Southwest Medical University were measured based on the anatomical characteristics of the lower tibia and fibula of anticorrosive specimens. Results The geometrical data of the anterior tibiofibular ligament, posterior tibiofibular ligament and transverse tibiofibular ligament were measured respectively, and mean ± standard deviation was described. Include: the length, width, thickness of the anterior tibiofibular ligament (8. 53±0. 69, 19. 06±1. 34, 15. 99±1. 44) mm, the length, width, thickness of the posterior tibiofibular ligament (9. 34±0. 63, 16. 92±1. 76, 14. 36±0. 89) mm, the length, width, thickness of the transverse tibiofibular ligament (18. 42±2. 48, 21. 93±2. 59, 4. 56±0. 17) mm. The angel between the anterior tibiofibular ligament and the coronal surface and the angle of the horizontal plane were (20. 49±4. 86, 42. 20± 3. 42)°. The angel between the posterior tibiofibular ligament and the coronal surface and the angle of the horizontal plane were (13. 2±2. 06, 40. 92±3. 13) °. The angel between the transverse tibiofibular ligament and the coronal surface and the angle of the horizontal plane were (13. 45±1. 57, 32. 73±3. 70)°. According to the data analysis, the anterior, posterior and transverse tibiofibular ligaments have statistical difference between men and women, but there is no statistical difference between left and right feet. Conclusion The tibiofibular syndesmosis is of great significance to the stability of the ankle joint and the anatomical structure has important guiding significance for clinical treatment.

16.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 35-39, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799208

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the predictive value of the mortality risk score for severe hand, foot and mouth disease(MRSHFMD) system for the complications and mortality risk of severe hand, foot and mouth disease(HFMD) in children.@*Methods@#This study included 354 children with severe HFMD who admitted in the pediatric intensive care unit(PICU) of Hunan Provincial Children′s Hospital from March 2012 to March 2014.The patients were grouped according to whether they had complicated nervous system damage, pulmonary edema, pulmonary hemorrhage and circulatory failure in the course of disease, and the prognosis was grouped according to their 28 d survival.The worst values of white blood cell count, blood glucose, blood lactic acid, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, within 24 hours after admission were used to score MRSHFMD.The predictive value of MRSHFMD for nervous system damage, pulmonary edema, pulmonary hemorrhage, circulatory failure, and prognosis were evaluated using the receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve.@*Results@#The blood glucose, white blood cell count, blood lactic acid value, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide and MRSHFMD score of the children with HFMD complicated with nervous system damage, pulmonary edema, pulmonary hemorrhage and circulatory failure were significantly higher than those in the non-complicated groups(P<0.01). When the cut-off value of MRSHFMD score was 3, the area (95%CI) under the ROC curve were 0.723 (0.643-0.804), 0.870 (0.793-0.946), 0.921 (0.85-0.992), 0.944 (0.867-1.000) and 0.954 (0.000-1.000) of nervous system damage, pulmonary edema, pulmonary hemorrhage, circulation failure and death in children with HFMD, respectively.The specificity and sensitivity of predicting nervous system damage, pulmonary edema, pulmonary hemorrhage, circulatory failure and death were 44.6% and 95.8%; 67.5% and 95.5%; 83.3% and 95.1%; 89.3% and 95.1%; 90.9% and 93.7%, respectively.@*Conclusion@#MRSHFMD system is an effective tool to predict HFMD complications of pulmonary hemorrhage, circulatory failure, and death, which is worthy of clinical promotion.

17.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 726-728, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867776

ABSTRACT

To meet the requirement on trauma database construction and trauma care quality evaluation for trauma center by National Health Commission of the People’s Republic of China, the authors put forward the basic fields of trauma database and determine the basic content of trauma database V4.0 by referring to the National Trauma Database content of US based on the fields of trauma database V3.0 and guided by the requirement of trauma care quality control and clinic research. This database consists of 137 fields, covering the whole process of trauma occurrence, first aid, diagnosis, treatment and outcome. Thirty-five quality control indices for trauma care are established. Preliminary application of trauma database V4.0 shows that it meets the basic requirements of trauma center construction and clinical research in China.

18.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 683-688, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867307

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether miRNA-296-5p can inhibit enterovirus 71 (EV71) virus replication in neural cells SK-N-SH by targeting the phosphatase and tensin homology deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN)/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/serine/threonine kinases (AKT) signaling pathway.Methods:Serum samples were collected from patients with EV71 virus-infected hand-foot-mouth disease and normal physical examination, and the expressions of serum inflammatory factors procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) , interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1β, and IL-13 were detected by enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells infected by EV71 virus in logarithmic growth phase were set up as control group, miRNA-296-5p mimic group and miRNA-296-5p inhibitor group. The transfection was carried out according to the Lipofectamine 2000tm cell transfection reagent. The expression of EV71-VP1 gene mRNA and protein and PTEN/PI3K/Akt signal pathway related molecules in three groups of cells was observed by real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot.Results:ELISA test results showed that the levels of serum inflammatory factors PCT, CRP, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-13 in patients with EV71 virus-infected hand, foot and mouth disease were significantly higher than those in normal physical examination ( P<0.05). The results of qRT-PCR and Western blot showed that the mRNA and protein levels of mirna-296-5p and PTEN in SK-N-SH were significantly decreased after EV71 virus infection, while the mRNA and protein levels of EV71-VP1 and molecules related to PI3K/AKT signaling pathway were significantly increased ( P<0.05). The expression of PTEN was significantly increased in the miRNA-296-5p mimic group, and the expression of EV71-VP1 and the activation of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway were inhibited, while the effect was reversed in the miRNA-296-5p inhibitor group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:MiRNA-296-5p inhibits the replication of EV71 virus in neural cells SK-N-SH by targeting the PTEN/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, while reducing the cellular inflammatory response, targeting miRNA-296-5p and downstream PTEN/PI3K/AKT The signal pathway is expected to provide therapeutic targets and theoretical basis for the treatment of hand-foot-mouth disease caused by clinical EV71 virus.

19.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 35-39, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864862

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the predictive value of the mortality risk score for severe hand, foot and mouth disease(MRSHFMD) system for the complications and mortality risk of severe hand, foot and mouth disease(HFMD) in children.Methods:This study included 354 children with severe HFMD who admitted in the pediatric intensive care unit(PICU) of Hunan Provincial Children′s Hospital from March 2012 to March 2014.The patients were grouped according to whether they had complicated nervous system damage, pulmonary edema, pulmonary hemorrhage and circulatory failure in the course of disease, and the prognosis was grouped according to their 28 d survival.The worst values of white blood cell count, blood glucose, blood lactic acid, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, within 24 hours after admission were used to score MRSHFMD.The predictive value of MRSHFMD for nervous system damage, pulmonary edema, pulmonary hemorrhage, circulatory failure, and prognosis were evaluated using the receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve.Results:The blood glucose, white blood cell count, blood lactic acid value, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide and MRSHFMD score of the children with HFMD complicated with nervous system damage, pulmonary edema, pulmonary hemorrhage and circulatory failure were significantly higher than those in the non-complicated groups( P<0.01). When the cut-off value of MRSHFMD score was 3, the area (95% CI) under the ROC curve were 0.723 (0.643-0.804), 0.870 (0.793-0.946), 0.921 (0.85-0.992), 0.944 (0.867-1.000) and 0.954 (0.000-1.000) of nervous system damage, pulmonary edema, pulmonary hemorrhage, circulation failure and death in children with HFMD, respectively.The specificity and sensitivity of predicting nervous system damage, pulmonary edema, pulmonary hemorrhage, circulatory failure and death were 44.6% and 95.8%; 67.5% and 95.5%; 83.3% and 95.1%; 89.3% and 95.1%; 90.9% and 93.7%, respectively. Conclusion:MRSHFMD system is an effective tool to predict HFMD complications of pulmonary hemorrhage, circulatory failure, and death, which is worthy of clinical promotion.

20.
Chinese Journal of Practical Gynecology and Obstetrics ; (12): 1085-1089, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816293

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer is one of the most common gynecological malignancies during pregnancy.The management of cervical cancer during pregnancy depends on the following factors:tumor stage,histological type,gestational age,state of lymph nodes and desire regarding fertility.The treatment for patients who want to preserve pregnancy needs to be individualized and requires a multidisciplinary team.This article reviews the researches about management of cervical cancer during pregnancy.

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