Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 175
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992081

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the resting state functional connectivity changes of the " triple network model" composed of salient network (SN), executive control network (ECN) and default mode network (DMN) in patients with acute mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).Methods:From August 2020 to December 2021, forty-five acute mTBI patients (mTBI group) and 40 healthy controls (HC group) with matched sex, age, and education were included.The Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) scale was used to evaluate the cognitive status of all subjects.The resting state network (RNS) was established based on independent component analysis (ICA), and the SN, ECN and DMN were extracted, then functional network connectivity (FNC) was analyzed.Subsequently, the correlation between functional connectivity abnormalities and the performance of cognitive impairment was analyzed.SPSS 19.0 was used for statistical analysis and double sample t test was used for comparison between the tow groups. Results:Compared with HC group, mTBI group had enhanced functional connectivity between SN(L-insula) (MNI: x, y, z=-36, 15, 0, t=3.693)and ECN (left superior parietal gyrus, L-SPG) (MNI: x, y, z=-33, -69, 54, t=3.333)(FDR adjust, P<0.05), and decreased functional connectivity between DMN(left superior frontal gyrus, L-SFG) (MNI: x, y, z=-30, 30, 42, t=-4.063)and DMN(L-angular gyrus)(MNI: x, y, z=-21, -66, 33, t=-4.101)(FDR adjust, P<0.05). For FNC analysis, functional network connectivity in SN(IC26)-DMN(IC8) was enhanced in the acute mTBI group and decreased between SN(IC26)-DMN(IC12) and ECN(IC3)-DMN(IC12). The changes of left superior parietal gyrus functional connection were negatively correlated with MoCA score ( r=-0.627, P<0.01), and SN (IC26) -DMN(IC12) connection was positively correlated with MoCA score ( r=0.411, P=0.005). Conclusions:In patients with acute mTBI, the resting functional connectivity changes within and between the networks of the " triple network model" composed of SN, ECN and DMN, and is related to the decline of cognitive function.This will help to better understand the neuropathological mechanism of acute mTBI and post-traumatic cognitive impairment, and may become an effective imaging marker for identifying and predicting cognitive impairment after mTBI.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991509

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application of mind map combined with daily mini-clinical evaluation exercise in standardized training of gynecological residents.Methods:A total of 100 trainees who received standardized training in Department of Gynecology, Women and Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, were selected as subjects, and they were divided into control group (traditional teaching) and observation group (mind map combined with daily mini-clinical evaluation exercise) according to the order by which they entered the department for training, with 50 trainees in each group. After teaching, the two groups were compared in terms of assessment results of clinical practice exercise and degree of satisfaction with teaching. SPSS 22.0 statistical software was used for the t-test. Results:After the application of mind map combined with daily mini-clinical evaluation exercise in the standardized training of gynecological residents, compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly higher assessment results of inquiry ability, specialized physical examination, clinical diagnosis, diagnosis and treatment regimen, clinical practice ability, communication ability, clinical thinking ability, decision-making ability for clinical issues, and overall performance ( P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly higher levels of mastery of clinical inquiry ability, specialized physical examination, development of diagnosis and treatment regimen, doctor-patient communication ability, and clinical practice ability, as well as a significantly higher overall teaching satisfaction score ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Mind map combined with daily mini-clinical evaluation exercise is a simple and feasible teaching method and can help to improve the comprehensive clinical practice ability of trainees receiving standardized residency training, and therefore, it holds promise for application in teaching.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of totally laparoscopic pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (TLPPG) with preservation of the first branch of the right gastroepiploic vein in early gastric cancer (EGC).Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 38 EGC patients who were admitted to the Subei Hospital Affiliated to Yangzhou University from July 2018 to May 2021 were collected. There were 18 males and 20 females, aged 60 (range, 39?73) years. All patients underwent TLPPG with preservation of the first branch of the right gastroepiploic vein.Observation indicators: (1) surgical and postoperative condi-tions; (2) postoperative histopathological examination. (3) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination, WeChat interview and medical record review to detect the nutritional status, residual stomach function, cholecystolithiasis, tumor recurrence and metastasis and death of patients. Follow-up was up to July 2022. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Surgical and postoperative conditions. All 38 patients underwent TLPPG with preservation of the first branch of the right gastroepiploic vein successfully, without laparotomy conversion. The operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, time to postoperative first flatus, time to postoperative first liquid food intake and duration of postoperative hospital stay of the 38 patients were (180±28)minutes, (58±38)mL, (2.7±0.6)days, (3.4±0.7)days and (10.3±2.8)days, respectively. Of the 38 patients, there were 6 cases with postoperative complications ≥grade Ⅱ of Clavien-Dindo classification. (2) Postoperative histopatho-logical examination. The tumor diameter, distance from proximal resection margin to tumor and distance from distal resection margin to tumor of the 38 patients were (1.8±0.5)cm, (3.4±0.2)cm and (4.3±0.4)cm, respectively. Both of proximal and distal resection margin was negative. Numbers of lymph node examined and numbers of lymph node examined in the No.6 lymph node of the 38 patients were 23.3±3.9 and 3.4±1.1, respectively. There were 38 cases with pathological T1 stage including 23 cases of T1a stage and 15 cases of T1b stage. There were 36 cases with pathological N0 stage and 2 cases with pathological N1 stage. There were 36 cases with pathological ⅠA stage and 2 cases with pathological ⅠB stage of TNM staging. (3) Follow-up. All 38 patients were followed up for 18(range, 12?48)months. The hemoglobin, serum albumin and total serum protein of the 38 patients were (125.4±5.8)g/L, (42.4±2.3)g/L and (71.6±2.1)g/L, respectively, at postoperative 6 month. Endo-scopy was used to evaluate the function of residual stomach of patients at postoperative 12 month. There were 4 patients with moderate amount of food remaining in the residual stomach. No patient suffered reflux esophagitis, reflux gastritis and bile reflux. None of the 38 patients received post-operative chemotherapy, and there was no tumor recurrence and metastasis or death occured in patient.Conclusion:TLPPG with preservation of the first branch of the right gastroepiploic vein is safe and feasible for the treatment of EGC patients with tumor located at 1/3 of the middle segment of stomach.

5.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 1135-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971801

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To analyze the distribution and drug resistance evolution characteristics of pathogenic bacteria of bloodstream infection in nine tertiary hospitals in Yunnan Province from 2017 to 2021, so as to provide reliable basis for rational selection of antibiotics in clinic. Methods Using the drug sensitive paper method or instrument method, the bacteria identification and drug sensitivity test were carried out in nine tertiary hospitals in different regions according to the unified technical scheme. The results were judged according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) breakpoint standard in 2021, and use WHONET5.6 for data statistical analysis. Results A total of 12 003 strains of pathogenic bacteria were isolated from bloodstream infection samples in the past five years, including 7 442 strains of Gram-negative bacteria (62.0%) and 4562 strains of Gram-positive bacteria (38.0%), with an increasing trend in the number of isolated strains; of these, 163 strains (1.4%) were isolated from outpatients and 11 840 strains (98.6%) were isolated from inpatients. The top three gram-negative bacteria were Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Acinetobacter baumannii, of which 309 strains (4.2%) were carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-KPN), 29 strains (0.4%) carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli and 19 strains (0.3%) carbapenem-resistant Enterobacter cloacae, and the number of CR-KPN was on the rise year by year. The top three Gram-positive bacteria were coagulase-negative staphylococci, Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecium, of which methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was detected for 213 strains, accounting for 27.7%, and decreased from 40.0% in 2017 to 23.4% in 2021, showing a downward trend year by year. No vancomycin-resistant staphylococci and enterococci were found. Conclusions The detection and composition of bloodstream infection pathogenic bacteria in multicenter have not changed much in the past five years, but each hospital has its own characteristics. The number of carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae increased year by year, which should be paid more attention.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957832

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of permanent sigmoid colostomy created through the extraperitoneal route combined with pelvic floor peritoneal reconstruction after laparoscopic Miles surgery for lower rectal cancer.Methods:A total of 88 patients undergoing laparoscopic Miles surgery at Gastrointestinal Center of Northern Jiangsu People's Hospital from Apr 2016 to Apr 2020 were divided into extraperitoneal ostomy group(40 cases) and transperitoneal ostomy group (48 cases).Results:There were no significant differences in operating time, stoma-forming time, intraoperative blood loss, first exhausting time, first defecation time and hospital stay between the two groups (all P>0.05). There were 17 cases of complications in observation group vs. 16 cases in control group ( χ2=0.782, P=0.376). After 12 months, the complications in observation group were significantly less than control group ( χ2=8.601, P=0.003). There was no parastoma hernia in observation group vs.7 in control group ( χ2=4.502, P=0.034). The satisfaction rate of ostomy control defecation in observation group (70%) was significantly higher than that in control group (38%) after 12 months ( P=0.001). Conclusion:A permanent sigmoid colostomy created through the extraperitoneal route combined with pelvic floor peritoneal reconstruction during laparoscopic Miles surgery is safe and feasible, with fewer complications and better defecation function than that of the stoma through transperitoneal approach.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940559

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe and analyze the effect of modified Shenling Baizhusan on gastrointestinal dysfunction and protein-energy wasting (PEW) of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients with the syndrome of spleen deficiency, blood stasis, and dampness. MethodA total of 66 CAPD patients with the above syndrome were randomized into the observation group and control group, 33 cases in each group. However, 3 cases in each group dropped out, finally leaving 30 cases in each group. Both groups received CAPD and conventional symptomatic treatment. On this basis, the observation group was given modified Shenling Baizhusan (1 bag/day, once in the morning and again in the evening, 12 weeks), and the control group the bifidobacterium capsules (1.05 g/time, twice/day, 12 weeks). Before and after treatment, the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score, gastrointestinal symptom rating scale (GSRS) score, and malnutrition-inflammation score (MIS) in two groups were recorded, and the levels of serum albumin (ALB), prealbumin (PA), transferrin (TRF), gastrin-17 (G-17), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), and interleukin-10 (IL-10) were detected. Moreover, body mass index (BMI) was calculated. ResultAfter treatment, the alleviation of the TCM syndrome in the observation group was better than that in the control group (Z=-2.591, P<0.05), and the TCM syndrome score in the observation group was lower than that in the control (P<0.05). The symptom scores, MIS, and G-17 of the observation group were significantly decreased compared with those before observation and in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the GSRS scores of the two groups were significantly lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), particularly the observation group (P<0.05). ALB, PA, TRF, and BMI of the observation group after treatment were increased compared with those before treatment and those of the control group after treatment (P<0.05). After treatment, serum TNF-α and IFN-γ of the two groups were significantly reduced compared with those before treatment (P<0.05), and the levels of the two in the observation group were significantly lower in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, IL-10 level of the observation group was higher than that before treatment and in the control group (P<0.05). ConclusionThe modified Shenling Baizhusan can relieve the gastrointestinal dysfunction and PEW in CAPD patients with the syndrome of spleen deficiency, blood stasis, and dampness.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927849

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and the potential roles of long non-coding RNA(lncRNA)cancer susceptibility candidate 2(CASC2)and imprinted gene H19 in extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma(ECC). Methods Four samples from patients with ECC were collected for high-throughput sequencing which was conducted to reveal the transcriptomic profiles of lncRNA CASC2 and H19.Bioinformatics tools were employed to predict the potential roles of the two genes.Another 22 ECC tissue samples and the cholangiocarcinoma cell lines(RBE,QBC939,HuH-28,and HuCCT1)with different degrees of differentiation were selected for validation.The para-carcinoma tissue and normal human intrahepatic biliary epithelial cell(HIBEC)were used as the control groups.The expression levels of lncRNA CASC2 and H19 in carcinoma tissue,para-carcinoma tissue,and cell lines were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR).The correlation analysis was carried out for the clinical indicators of patients with the expression levels of the target genes. Results The two target genes showed significantly different expression between carcinoma tissue and para-carcinoma tissue(all P<0.05).Specifically,CASC2 had higher expression level in the carcinoma tissue than in the para-carcinoma tissue(t=1.262,P=0.025),whereas the expression of H19 showed an opposite trend(t=1.285,P=0.005).The expression levels of CASC2 in QBC939(t=8.114,P=0.015)and HuH-28(t=9.202,P=0.012)cells were significantly higher than that in the control group.The expression levels of H19 were significantly lower in RBE(t=-10.244,P<0.001),QBC939(t=-10.476,P<0.001),HuH-28(t=-19.798,P<0.001),and HuCCT1(t=-16.193,P=0.004)cells than in the control group.Bioinformatics analysis showed that CASC2 was mainly involved in the metabolic process and H19 in the development of multicellular organisms.Both CASC2 and H19 were related to catalytic activity.The expression level of lncRNA CASC2 was correlated with pathological differentiation(χ 2=6.222,P=0.022)and lymph node metastasis(χ2=5.455,P=0.020),and that of lncRNA H19 with pathological differentiation(χ2=1.174,P=0.029)and tumor size(χ2=-0.507,P=0.037). Conclusions In the case of ECC,lncRNA CASC2 and H19 have transcription disorders.lncRNA CASC2 is generally up-regulated in the carcinoma tissue,while H19 is down-regulated.Both genes have the potential to become new molecular markers for ECC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bile Duct Neoplasms/genetics , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/metabolism , Cholangiocarcinoma/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934484

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the use of continuous constant negative pressure drainage and intermittent suction mode drainage in abdominal wall angioplasty to minimize the impact of complications.Methods:From May 2017 to August 2019, the Department of Medical Cosmetology and Plastic Surgery, Wuhan Third Hospital treated 76 female patients after expanded flap repair, aged 27-35 years, with an average age of 30.5±14.2 years, and 58 female patients after abdominal wall plasty, aged 38-55 years, with an average age of 47.8±7.8 years. They were divided into intermittent negative pressure drainage group and continuous negative pressure drainage group. The negative pressure values in different intervals were set according to the type of operation. The drainage volume, drainage time, incidence of hematoma, subcutaneous effusion, flap necrosis rate, primary wound healing rate and drainage related bleeding were recorded and compared between the two groups.Results:After expanded flap repair in 38 cases, flap necrosis occurred in 1 case and hematoma in 3 cases; After abdominal wall plasty in 29 cases, flap necrosis occurred in 0 cases and hematoma in 1 case. The primary healing of incision was higher ( P<0.05), the drainage volume was larger, but the drainage time was shorter ( P<0.05), and no bleeding related to drainage was observed. The effect of monitoring drainage was positively correlated with the effect of operation. Conclusions:Continuous and constant negative pressure drainage is related to the prognosis of patients undergoing expansion flap repair and abdominal wall plasty. It is helpful to improve the effect of plastic surgery and the quality of nursing work. It is an effective method for nursing management after plastic surgery.

10.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 67-70, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984097

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study whether diatoms can enter the body through the lymphatic system of the digestive tract.@*METHODS@#Twenty experimental rabbits were divided into the test group and the control group randomly, and intragastric administration was performed with 20 mL water sample from the Pearl River and 20 mL ultrapure water, respectively. After 30 min, lymph, lungs, livers and kidneys were extracted for the diatom test. The concentration, size and type of diatoms were recorded.@*RESULTS@#The concentration of diatoms of the test group was higher than that of the control group (P<0.05). In the test group, Stephanodiscus, Coscinodiscus, Cyclotella, Melosira, Nitzschia, Synedra, Cymbella, and Navicula were detected; in the control group, Stephanodiscus, Coscinodiscus and Cyclotella were detected. The long diameter and the short diameter of diatoms of the test group were higher than those of the control group (P<0.05). In the test group, 1-2 diatoms were detected in 3 lung samples and 2 liver samples, which were Stephanodiscus or Cyclotella, and no diatoms were detected in the kidney samples; in the control group, 1-2 diatoms were detected in 2 lung samples and 3 liver samples, which were Stephanodiscus or Coscinodiscus, and no diatoms were detected in the kidney samples.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Diatoms can enter the body through the lymphatic fluid, which is one of the reasons for the presence of diatoms in tissues and organs of non-drowning cadavers.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Diatoms , Drowning , Gastrointestinal Tract , Lung , Lymphatic System , Water/metabolism
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928563

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical treatment outcomes and the changes of the outcomes over time in extremely preterm twins in Guangdong Province, China.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for 269 pairs of extremely preterm twins with a gestational age of <28 weeks who were admitted to the department of neonatology in 26 grade A tertiary hospitals in Guangdong Province from January 2008 to December 2017. According to the admission time, they were divided into two groups: 2008-2012 and 2013-2017. Besides, each pair of twins was divided into the heavier infant and the lighter infant subgroups according to birth weight. The perinatal data of mothers and hospitalization data of neonates were collected. The survival rate of twins and the incidence rate of complications were compared between the 2008-2012 and 2013-2017 groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the 2008-2012 group, the 2013-2017 group (both the heavier infant and lighter infant subgroups) had lower incidence rates of severe asphyxia and smaller head circumference at birth (P<0.05). The mortality rates of both of the twins, the heavier infant of the twins, and the lighter infant of the twins were lower in the 2013-2017 group compared with the 2008-2012 group (P<0.05). Compared with the 2008-2012 group, the 2013-2017 group (both the heavier infant and lighter infant subgroups) had lower incidence rates of pulmonary hemorrhage, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (P-IVH), and neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) and a higher incidence rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a significant increase in the survival rate over time in extremely preterm twins with a gestational age of <28 weeks in the 26 grade A tertiary hospitals in Guangdong Province. The incidences of severe asphyxia, pulmonary hemorrhage, PDA, P-IVH, and NRDS decrease in both the heavier and lighter infants of the twins, but the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia increases. With the improvement of diagnosis and treatment, the multidisciplinary collaboration between different fields of fetal medicine including prenatal diagnosis, obstetrics, and neonatology is needed in the future to jointly develop management strategies for twin pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/epidemiology , Gestational Age , Infant, Extremely Premature , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924062

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the drug-drug interaction (DDI) between intravenous voriconazole (VRZ) and intravenous cyclosporine (CsA) in patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Allo-HSCT) and provide an individualized and accurate clinical drug delivery. Methods In a self-contrast study, Allo-HSCT patients from January 2019 to December 2019 were enrolled according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. These patients were treated with CsA and VRZ successively and the blood concentration of CsA and VRZ before and after 5-7 days of VRZ administration were determined with LC-MS/MS. The correlation between the concentration of VRZ and concentration/dose (C/D) ratio of CsA was analyzed with SPSS20.0. Results A total of 15 patients with ALLo-HSCT were enrolled. Wilcoxon sign rank sum test was used to compare the change of median C/D of CsA before and after VRZ administration, which had shown significant difference (P<0.001). Spearman correlation analysis was conducted on the increase of C/D ratio between VRZ and CsA, which had no significant correlation between them (ρ=−0.273, P=0.32). Conclusions There was obvious drug-drug interaction (DDI) between CsA and VRZ. VRZ increased CsA blood concentration significantly, but there was no significant correlation between VRZ blood concentration and the degree of concentration increase, which might be related to individual difference.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879864

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the value of fecal calprotectin (FC) in the diagnosis of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) through a Meta analysis.@*METHODS@#Web of Science, Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Weipu Periodical Database, Wanfang Data, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database were searched for related studies published up to May 2020, with manual search as supplementation. The QUADAS criteria were used to evaluate the quality of the articles included. Meta-DiSc 1.4 and Stata 15.0 software were used to perform the Meta analysis, including the evaluation of specificity, sensitivity, likelihood ratio, and diagnostic odds ratio. The sensitivity analysis and heterogeneity testing were performed, and the summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curve and Fagan diagram were plotted.@*RESULTS@#A total of 15 articles were enrolled, involving 1 719 neonates. Among these articles, 4 had low quality, 2 had high quality, and the rest had medium quality. There was high heterogeneity between studies, and there was no threshold effect or publication bias. The random effects model analysis showed that FC had a pooled specificity of 0.80 (95%@*CONCLUSIONS@#FC has high potential and efficiency in the early diagnosis of NEC. FC measurement can be used for the diagnosis of NEC, but it should be combined with clinical manifestations and other related laboratory examinations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , China , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/diagnosis , Feces , Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910016

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy between intramedullary nailing (IMN) and minimally invasive percutaneous pate oteosynthesis (MIPPO) in the treatment of distal tibial fractures.Methods:China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases were searched by computer for publications on IMN and MIPPO in the treatment of distal tibial fractures published in official journals at home and abroad from January 2010 to August 2020. The studies included were evaluated by 2 authors using the Cochrane collaboration’s tool for assessing risk of bias. The main extraction indexes were operation time, union time, superficial infection, deep infection, malunion, delayed union or nonunion, and soft tissue irritation. Review Manager 5.3 software was used for data analysis.Results:A total of 7 studies with 653 patients were included, with 325 in the IMN group and 328 in the MIPPO group. Meta analysis showed the following: operation time in the IMN group was significantly shorter than that in the MIPPO group ( MD=-10.75, 95% CI:-19.92~-1.58, P=0.02); superficial infection rate in the IMN group was significantly lower than that in the MIPPO group ( RR=0.58, 95% CI: 0.39~0.88, P=0.01); fracture malunion rate in the IMN group was significantly higher than that in the MIPPO group ( RR=1.87, 95% CI: 1.15~3.04, P=0.01). Concerning soft tissue irritation, incidence of anterior knee pain in the IMN group was significantly higher than that in the MIPPO group ( RR=16.98, 95% CI: 3.30~87.34, P=0.0007) while incidence of soft tissue irritation at the fracture site in the IMN group was significantly lower than that in the MIPPO group ( RR=0.13, 95% CI: 0.04~0.40, P=0.0004). There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in fracture healing time, deep infection rate, delayed union rate or nonunion rate ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Although both IMN and MIPPO are fine treatments of distal tibial fractures, IMN may be superior in prevention of superficial tissue infection but prone to anterior knee pain while MIPPO may be superior in prevention of malunion but prone to soft tissue irritation at the fracture site. Therefore, MIPPO is suggested in cases with fine pretibial soft tissues while IMN is used to reduce soft tissue infection otherwise.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1093-1100, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878150

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although osteopontin (OPN) is expressed in the liver and pigment gallstones of patients with hepatolithiasis, its role in pigment gallstone formation remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the function of OPN in pigment gallstone formation.@*METHODS@#Rats were fed a chow diet (CD) or lithogenic diet (LD) for 10 consecutive weeks; blocking tests were then performed using an OPN antibody (OPN-Ab). Incidence of gallstones and levels of several bile components, OPN, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) were analyzed. To determine TNF-α expression in hepatic macrophages and both CYP7A1 and bile acid (BA) expression in liver cells, recombinant rat OPN and recombinant rat TNF-α were used to treat rat hepatic macrophages and rat liver cells, respectively. Chi-square or Fisher exact tests were used to analyze qualitative data, Student t-test or one-way analysis of variance were used to analyze qualitative data.@*RESULTS@#Incidence of gallstones was higher in LD-fed rats than in CD-fed rats (80% vs. 10%, P < 0.05). BA content significantly decreased in bile (t = -36.08, P < 0.01) and liver tissue (t = -16.16, P < 0.01) of LD-fed rats. Both hepatic OPN protein expression (t = 9.78, P < 0.01) and TNF-α level (t = 8.83, P < 0.01) distinctly increased in the LD group; what's more, CYP7A1 mRNA and protein levels (t = -12.35, P < 0.01) were markedly down-regulated in the LD group. Following OPN-Ab pretreatment, gallstone formation decreased (85% vs. 25%, χ2 = 14.55, P < 0.01), liver TNF-α expression (F = 20.36, P < 0.01) was down-regulated in the LD group, and CYP7A1 expression (F = 17.51, P < 0.01) was up-regulated. Through CD44 and integrin receptors, OPN promoted TNF-α production in macrophage (F = 1041, P < 0.01), which suppressed CYP7A1 expression (F = 48.08, P < 0.01) and reduced liver BA synthesis (F = 119.4, P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#We provide novel evidence of OPN involvement in pigmented gallstone pathogenesis in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Diet/adverse effects , Gallstones/etiology , Lithiasis , Liver , Liver Diseases , Osteopontin/genetics
16.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 171-176, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923232

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the promotion strategies for the construction of healthy enterprises in eight provinces and municipalities of China and summarize the working experience. METHODS: The purposive sampling method was used. One to two administrators or technical experts in charge of the construction of health enterprise from each province were selected to conduct qualitative interviews, to understand the progress of construction of healthy enterprise and suggestions. Data analytic method was used to analyze the implementation strategies and management mechanism of construction of healthy enterprises. Comparative study was used to summarize and compare the similarities and differences between the content of healthy enterprise construction and the standard evaluation system. RESULTS: The policy text of construction of healthy enterprise in eight provinces and municipalities basically followed the national management idea and working principles.There were breakthroughs and innovations in implementation strategies such as Level Management, Dynamic Management and Incentive Measures. Their evaluation systems cover the four common dimensions of healthy enterprise construction, emphasizing evaluation index contents such as Health Outcome/Effect, Health Activities, and Health characteristics, highlighting local and industrial characteristics. CONCLUSION: The eight provinces and municipalities have carried out their own distinctive work in promoting the construction of healthy enterprises, and the relevant experiences can be used as reference for other places.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3508-3526, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922811

ABSTRACT

@#Given the opposing effects of Akt and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) on metabolic homeostasis, this study examined the effects of deletion of Akt2 and AMPKα2 on fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis. Akt2–Ampkα2 double knockout (DKO) mice were placed on high fat diet for 5 months. Glucose metabolism, energy homeostasis, cardiac function, lipid accumulation, and hepatic steatosis were examined. DKO mice were lean without anthropometric defects. High fat intake led to adiposity and decreased respiratory exchange ratio (RER) in wild-type (WT) mice, which were ablated in DKO but not Akt2−/− and Ampkα2−/− mice. High fat intake increased blood and hepatic triglycerides and cholesterol, promoted hepatic steatosis and injury in WT mice. These effects were eliminated in DKO but not Akt2−/− and Ampkα2−/− mice. Fat diet promoted fat accumulation, and enlarged adipocyte size, the effect was negated in DKO mice. Fat intake elevated fatty acid synthase (FAS), carbohydrate-responsive element-binding protein (CHREBP), sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREBP1), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPARα), PPARγ, stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD-1), phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK), glucose 6-phosphatase (G6Pase), and diglyceride O-acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1), the effect was absent in DKO but not Akt2−/− and Ampkα2−/− mice. Fat diet dampened mitophagy, promoted inflammation and phosphorylation of forkhead box protein O1 (FoxO1) and AMPKα1 (Ser485), the effects were eradicated by DKO. Deletion of Parkin effectively nullified DKO-induced metabolic benefits against high fat intake. Liver samples from obese humans displayed lowered microtubule-associated proteins 1A/1B light chain 3B (LC3B), Pink1, Parkin, as well as enhanced phosphorylation of Akt, AMPK (Ser485), and FoxO1, which were consolidated by RNA sequencing (RNAseq) and mass spectrometry analyses from rodent and human livers. These data suggest that concurrent deletion of Akt2 and AMPKα2 offers resilience to fat diet-induced obesity and hepatic steatosis, possibly through preservation of Parkin-mediated mitophagy and lipid metabolism.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942303

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the activation function of specific tumor polypeptide for dendritic cell vaccine on lymphocytes proliferation, production of cytokines and killing activity in vitro by using dendritic cells as antigen presenting vector.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood dendritic cells (DC) and cytokine-induced killer (CIK) were isolated and cultured by adherent culture method; CCK-8 method was used to assess the proliferation function of lymphocytes and the killing function of lymphocytes to tumor cells; enzyme-linked immunospot assay method was used to evaluate the secretion function of cytokines. The experiment was divided into tumor polypeptide group (peptide with DC-CIK), DC-CIK group and CIK group.@*RESULTS@#With presence of interleukin-2 (IL-2) in the culture system, the lymphocyte proliferation of the three groups was obvious. The absorbance at 450 nm of tumor polypeptide group was significantly higher than that of CIK group at the time points day 4 and day 6 (day 4: Z=-3.79, P < 0.001; day 6: Z =-2.95, P < 0.01). The absorbance at 450 nm of group tumor polypeptide was significantly higher than that of DC-CIK group on day 4 (Z=-2.02, P < 0.05). Without IL-2 in the culture system, lymphocytes proliferated slowly in all the three groups, and there was no significant difference in 450 nm absorbance at each time point. The levels of IL-4 (Z=-2.61, P < 0.01), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulation factor (GM-CSF, Z=-3.85, P < 0.001), interferon- γ (IFN- γ, Z=-3.56, P < 0.001) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-ɑ, Z=-3.40, P < 0.001) of tumor polypeptide group were higher than those of CIK group. There was no significant difference in the production of cytokines except IL-4 (Z=-2.15, P < 0.05) when tumor polypeptide group was compared with DC-CIK group. The production of IFN-γ (Z=-2.44, P < 0.05), TNF-ɑ (Z=-2.26, P < 0.05) and GM-CSF (Z=-3.73, P < 0.001) in DC-CIK group were higher than those of CIK group. Although there was no significant difference in killing activity between tumor polypeptide group, DC-CIK group and CIK group at hour 18 and hour 24, and the killing activity of tumor polypeptide group was higher than that of the other two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Tumor peptide combined with dendritic cells can improve the proliferation activity of CIK cells in vitro, and increase the secretion of several cytokines.


Subject(s)
Dendritic Cells , Peptides
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827183

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prevalence and gene distribution of thalassemia among people at reproductive age in yuzhong district, Chongqing.@*METHODS@#1000 pre -pregnancy examination couples in yuzhong district were investigated. Peripheral venous blood was extracted and next-generation sequencing was used to screen the thalassemia genes.@*RESULTS@#Among the 1000 pregnant couples, the thalassemia gene carrying rate was 7.45%, the carrying rate of α and β thalassemia genes were 4.60% and 2.10%, respectively. The most common α thalassemia genotypes in αα/-α3.7 (53.26%), αα/--SEA (23.91%), αα/-α4.2 (11.96%); and the most common genotypes in β thalassemia genotypes were mainly Codons17 (A>T) (26.19%)、Condon41/42 (-TTCT) (26.19%)、IVS-II-654 (C>T) (14.29%) At the same time, 3 cases of α and β complex thalassemia and 3 pairs of homotypic thalassemia genes were detected, more over, 12 cases of 5 new genes were found.@*CONCLUSION@#Yuzhong district of Chongqing is a high incidence area of thalassemia, and the diversity of gene mutation types is relatively rich. Screening for thalassemia before pregnancy is of great significance to improve the quality of population.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , China , Genotype , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Mutation , Prevalence , alpha-Thalassemia , beta-Thalassemia
20.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 655-659, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868332

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the imaging manifestation and the value of imaging follow-up in Takayasu arteritis with pulmonary artery involvement in children.Methods:The data of Takayasu arteritis with pulmonary artery involvement in 7 children in Children Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from July 2014 to June 2019, were summarized retrospectively, including 1 boy and 6 girls. There were 6 children under 1 year old, the age ranged from 2 to 7 months and the median age was 3 months old. Another child was 12 years old. CT images of all cases in the initial diagnosis and during the follow-up were reconstructed. The diameters and wall thickness of arteries were observed, including ascending aorta, main pulmonary artery, left and right pulmonary artery and each lobe pulmonary artery. The diameter ratio of main pulmonary artery to ascending aorta (MPA/AAO) was calculated. The pulmonary artery pressure, the diameters of left and right coronary artery were measured using echocardiography and compared in the initial diagnosis and during the follow-up.Results:All the 7 cases showed main pulmonary artery, left and right pulmonary artery widened, 6 cases showed lobe pulmonary arteries widened, 2 cases showed main pulmonary artery, left and right pulmonary artery wall thickened, and 6 cases showed lobe pulmonary arteries wall thickened. All the 7 cases showed MPA/AAO>1 in the initial diagnosis, but only 1 case (12-year-old girl) presented pulmonary hypertension from echocardiography. All the 7 cases showed coronary artery dilated in different degrees and ranges in the initial diagnosis, including 3 cases with bilateral coronary artery dilatation and 4 unilaterally. Five children were followed up and showed improvement of pulmonary artery dilatation in 4 cases and progress in 1 case. MPA/AAO decreased in 4 cases and increased in 1 case. The pulmonary hypertension of the 12-year-old patient decreased during the follow-up, and the MPA/AAO also decreased from 1.64 to 1.01. Coronary artery dilatation decreased in 4 of 5 cases during the follow-up.Conclusion:CT imaging can clearly show pulmonary arteries, which plays an important role in the diagnosis and assessment of the treatment effect in Takayasu arteritis with pulmonary artery involvement in children.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL