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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930255

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of dexmedetomidine (DEX) regulating microglial (MG) polarization and neuroinflammation after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rats.Methods:Forty-two adult male SD rats were randomly (random number) divided into the sham group, TBI group, TBI+DEX group (further divided into 1 d, 3 d and 7 d subgroups), TBI+NF-κB inhibitor (pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate, PDTC) group and TBI+DEX+PDTC group, with 6 animals in each group. The rat TBI model was established according to the modified Feeney free fall method. PDTC was intraperitoneally injected 1 h after modeling with a dose of 100 mg/kg, and DEX was intraperitoneally injected 2 h after modeling with a dose of 100 μg/kg. Modified neurological severity score (mNSS) was used to evaluate rat neurological function, ELISA was used to detect serum inflammatory factors, and rats’ damaged cortex was collected to detect the phenotype markers of MG and protein expressions of MyD88 and NF-κB p65, and immunofluorescence staining was used to observe the expression and nuclear entry of NF-κB p65 in MG in injured cortex. One-way and two-way ANOVA were used to compare the measurement data among multiple groups.Results:Compared with the sham group, the mNSS score was significantly higher in the TBI group, and DEX treatment significantly decreased the mNSS score of TBI rats ( P<0.05). ELISA and Western blot results showed that in the TBI group, the tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β in serum and M1 phenotype marker (TNF-α, IL-1β) in brain were increased, the expression of anti-inflammatory factor IL-10 in serum and M2 phenotype markers (arginase-1 and IL-10) in brain were decreased ( P<0.05), and DEX downregulated the expression of TNF-α, IL-1β in serum and M1 phenotype markers in brain, while upregulated the level of L-10 in serum and the M2 phenotype marker in brain ( P<0.05). In addition, the expression of MyD88 and the nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65 were inhibited in the DEX group, and this effect could be enhanced by PDTC. Conclusions:DEX modulates MG activation in TBI rats by inhibiting NF-κB nuclear translocation and reduces neuroinflammation.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1693-1697, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942843

ABSTRACT

AIM:To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of intravitreal injections of ranibizumab for macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion(RVO)and the prognostic factors for this disorder.METHODS:A retrospective case study. There were 61 patients(61 eyes)with macular edema secondary to RVO who treated in our hospital from April 2020 to February 2021, including 30 cases(30 eyes)of branch retinal vein occlusion(BRVO)patients and 31 cases(31 eyes)of central retinal vein occlusion(CRVO)patients. All patients received 3 times of intravitreal injections of ranibizumab(0.5mg), and some eyes underwent retinal laser therapy. The patients were followed up for 3mo after treatment(the first intravitreal injection)to observe the visual acuity, intraocular pressure, central retinal thickness(CRT)and record the occurrence of ocular and systemic complications.RESULTS: The visual acuity of the included patients after treatment was significantly improved compared with that before treatment, and the CRT was significantly decreased compared with that before treatment(P&#x003C;0.01), and after 3 times of intravitreal injections, the visual acuity of BRVO and CRVO patients with pre-treatment visual acuity≤1(LogMAR)was better than that of the patients with pre-treatment visual acuity&#x003E;1(P&#x003C;0.01), but there was no difference in CRT(all P &#x003E;0.05). Among BRVO and CRVO patients, 12 and 8 eyes received retinal laser treatment during 3 times of intravitreal injections, respectively. The difference in visual acuity and CRT among the eyes treated with laser and those that were untreated was not significant(P&#x003E;0.05). No ocular and systemic serious complications emerged during follow-up.CONCLUSIONS: Ranibizumab has high efficacy and safety in the treatment of macular edema secondary to RVO, while visual acuity at baseline may help predict the prognosis.

3.
Intestinal Research ; : 213-223, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925121

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The incidence and prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is rising in Asia recently. The study aimed to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the current status of drug therapy and monitoring for IBD in Asia. @*Methods@#A questionnaire investigation on drug therapy and monitoring for IBD was conducted right before the 6th Annual Meeting of Asian Organization for Crohn’s & Colitis. Questionnaires were provided to Asian physicians to fill out via emails between March and May 2018. @*Results@#In total, responses of 166 physicians from 129 medical centers were included for analysis. Among the surveyed regions, the most average number of IBD specialist gastroenterologists and nurses was 4.8 per center in Taiwan and 2.5 per center in Mainland China, respectively. 5-Aminosalicylic acid/sulfasalazine (99.4%) was the most preferred first-line choice for mild-moderate ulcerative colitis (UC), meanwhile corticosteroid (83.7%) was widely applied for severe UC. The first-line medication for Crohn’s disease (CD) markedly varied as corticosteroid (68.1%) was the most favored in Mainland China, Japan, and South Korea, followed by infliximab (52.4%) and azathioprine (47.0%). Step-up strategy was preferred in mild-moderate UC (96.4%), while 51.8% of the physicians selected top-down treatment for CD. Only 25.9% and 17.5% of the physicians could test blood concentration of infliximab and antibody to infliximab in their hospitals, respectively. @*Conclusions@#The current status of drug therapy and monitoring for IBD in Asia possesses commonalities as well as differences. Asian recommendations, IBD specialist teams and practice of therapeutic drug monitoring are required to improve IBD management in Asia.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 349-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923581

ABSTRACT

Kidney ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is the major cause of poor prognosis after kidney transplantation and partial nephrectomy. Besides, it is also a critical pathophysiological process of acute kidney injury. Consequently, the prevention and treatment of kidney IRI are of significance to improve clinical prognosis of recipients undergoing kidney transplantation. However, the mechanism underlying IRI is complex, and the exact mechanism remains elusive. Inflammation, as one of the main pathogenesis of IRI, plays a significant role in IRI-induced kidney injury. Nuclear factor (NF)-κB, as a rapid response transcription factor, has been proven to be involved in the regulation of inflammation during kidney IRI. Therefore, in this article, the structure of NF-κB, the activation pattern of NF-κB signaling pathway, the regulatory mechanisms of NF-κB upstream and downstream signaling pathways in kidney IRI were reviewed, and the role of NF-κB signaling pathway in kidney IRI was investigated, aiming to provide novel clinical ideas for the prevention and treatment of kidney IRI.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 554-558, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911071

ABSTRACT

Renal ischemia-reperfusion injury often occurs during operations that need to block the blood supply of the kidneys. It is an important pathophysiological process that affects the recovery of kidney function and causes acute renal failure. Activated NLRP3 inflammasome can mediate the maturation and release of a variety of pro-inflammatory factors, and participate in the inflammatory response in renal ischemia-reperfusion injury, thereby regulating body inflammation and related cell functions. This article summarized how NLRP3 inflammasome mediated the occurrence of inflammation in renal ischemia reperfusion injury, and further provied a new basis for the prevention and treatment of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury.

6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 177-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873727

ABSTRACT

Renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) commonly occurs in renal transplantation, which is an important pathophysiological process that causes acute renal failure and severely affects clinical prognosis of the recipients. Inflammatory response plays a critical role in the pathogenesis and pathological process of IRI. Activated NOD-like receptor protein 3(NLRP3) inflammasome can mediate the maturation and release of various pro-inflammatory cytokines, thereby regulating the inflammatory response and relevant cell functions. In this article, the mechanism underlying NLRP3 inflammasome and its related inflammatory signaling pathway in renal IRI were reviewed, aiming to provide novel ideas for clinical prevention and treatment of renal IRI.

7.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 733-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904558

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect and mechanism of artesunate on renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in rat. Methods Twenty-five SD rats were randomly divided into the sham operation group (Sham group), model group (IRI group), low-dose artesunate group (ART-L group), high-dose artesunate group (ART-H group) and NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitor group (INF39 group), with 5 rats in each group. The levels of serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and pathological damage of renal tissue were analyzed. The levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6 in serum were quantitatively measured. The expression level of IL-1β in renal tissues was determined by immunohistochemical staining. The expression levels of pyroptosis-related proteins were detected by fluorescent staining and Western blot. Results Compared with the Sham group, the levels of Scr and BUN were higher, the renal tissue injury was aggravated, the expression levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1βwere higher, and the expression levels of kidney injury molecule (KIM-1), pyroptosis-related protein NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase (Caspase-1), Gasdermin D (GSDMD) and IL-1β proteins were higher in the IRI group. Compared with the IRI group, the levels of Scr and BUN were decreased, the renal tissue injury was mitigated, the expression levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β were down-regulated, and the expression levels of KIM-1, NLRP3, Caspase-1, GSDMD and IL-1β proteins were down-regulated in the ART-L, ART-H and INF39 groups. Conclusions Artesunate may inhibit pyroptosis induced by NLRP3 inflammasome, down-regulate the expression levels of pyroptosis -related proteins, reduce the release of inflammatory factors after renal IRI and alleviate renal IRI.

8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 1017-1024, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921306

ABSTRACT

Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) are one of the primary transcription factors regulating oxygen balance, and their stability is determined by the hydroxylation state of the prolyl hydroxylase domain (PHD) that is sensitive to oxygen. In recent years, studies have shown that HIFs-prolyl hydroxylases (PHDs) oxygen-sensing pathway is involved in the process of cellular ferroptosis. Ferroptosis, a new type of cell death, different from necrosis, apoptosis, necrotizing apoptosis, and pyroptosis, is essentially a programmed death caused by the accumulation of iron-dependent lipid peroxides in cells. This paper focuses on the role and mechanism of the HIFs-PHDs oxygen-sensing pathway in cellular ferroptosis involved in nerve diseases, tumors, lung injury, and chemical nerve damage from three aspects of iron metabolism, lipid metabolism, and glutathione (GSH) synthesis/metabolism. This review will provide a theoretical basis and new ideas for the development of novel drugs targeting the HIFs-PHDs oxygen-sensing pathway and capable of regulating ferroptosis for the treatment of diseases related to ferroptosis such as nervous system diseases and tumors.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors , Ferroptosis , Oxygen , Prolyl Hydroxylases
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912712

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effects of prescription reviews of key monitored drugs using the drug regulatory platform in a district of Shanghai, and the influencing factors for the rate of unqualified prescriptions.Methods:A drug regulatory platform in a district in Shanghai began to implement prescription reviews since June 2018, extracting the reviewed prescriptions of all key monitored drugs and related information from June to December. Taking the unqualified rate of prescription in June as the baseline data, the χ2 test and the logistics regression model were used for data analysis. Results:From June to December 2018, clinical pharmacists reviewed 19 084 outpatient and emergency prescriptions and 10 607 inpatient prescriptions. The unqualified rates of outpatient and emergency prescriptions and inpatient prescriptions dropped from 16.52% and 23.28% in June to 4.45% and 13.80% in December, respectively. Logistics regression analysis showed that the rate of unqualified reviews of outpatient and emergency prescriptions was lower than that of inpatient prescriptions, and the rate of unqualified prescriptions in hospital was significantly lower than that in community health service centers; the rate of unqualified prescriptions for auxiliary drugs and nutritional drugs was significantly lower than that of antibacterial drugs.Conclusions:The prescription reviews of key monitored drugs can effectively promote the rational use of drugs. In the future, it is recommended to strengthen technical support for community health service centers and professional training for clinicians and pharmacists.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887873

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic performance of 1.5-T non-contrast free-breathing whole-heart magnetic resonance coronary angiography(MRCA)for≥50% and≥70% coronary artery stenosis in coronary artery disease(CAD).Methods Forty-one patients clinically scheduled for invasive coronary angiography(ICA)underwent 1.5-T non-contrast free-breathing whole-heart MRCA.The diagnostic performance for≥50% and≥70% stenosis was evaluated and compared using ICA as a reference standard.Results MRCA was completed in all the 41 patients with the total acquisition time of(10.1 ± 2.2)min.The sensitivity,specificity,and accuracy of MRCA for≥50% and≥70% stenosis were 100%(95%


Subject(s)
Coronary Angiography , Coronary Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Predictive Value of Tests , Sensitivity and Specificity
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884663

ABSTRACT

Focal intrahepatic strictures (FIHS) refers to local strictures or stenosis of the intrahepatic bile duct induced by various factors. FIHS is easily leading to misdiagnosis and miss diagnosis. At present, most of the techniques or examinations for making position as well as qualitative diagnosis of FIHS have poor sensitivity. Paying more attention to the medical history and combined applications of various inspection methods might help to improve the diagnostic level of FIHS. In terms of treatment, we suggested for patients with suspected malignant strictures or those who were failure of medical treatment, dilation, drainage and pathological diagnosis of FIHS could be conducted by endoscopy before determining the indications and procedures of surgery based on a new anatomy classification system of FIHS.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883801

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the application value of clavicular hook plate fixation versus clavicular hook plate fixation combined with suture anchor technique in the treatment of acromioclavicular joint dislocation. Methods:Sixty-eight patients with acromioclavicular joint dislocation who received treatment in Zhoushan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China between July 2015 and February 2018 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to receive clavicular hook plate fixation combined with suture anchor technique (observation group, n = 34) or clavicular hook plate fixation (control group, n = 34). Surgical efficacy was determined in each group and the incidence of complications was compared between the observation and control groups. Results:The excellent and good rate of surgical efficacy in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [97.06% (33/34) vs. 76.47% (26/34), χ2 = 6.275, P < 0.05]. The operation time in the observation group was significantly longer than that in the control group [(55.41 ± 9.28) min vs. (45.69 ± 12.54) min, t = 3.633, P < 0.05]. The incidence rate of complications in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [2.94% (1/34) vs. 20.59% (7/34), χ2 = 5.100, P < 0.05]. Conclusion:Clavicular hook plate fixation combined with suture anchor technique for the treatment of acromioclavicular joint dislocation can achieve ideal curative effects. This surgical method has the features including simple operation, little trauma, few complications, and firm fixation. Its surgical efficacy is more superior to that of clavicular hook plate fixation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882880

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of lung abscess related to adenovirus (ADV).Methods:The data of 5 cases suffering from pulmonary abscess by ADV in Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center from January to December 2019 were collected, including general information, clinical characteristics, examination and follow up visits.Results:The age of the patients ranged from 4 months to 12 months and the mean age was 8.6 months.All of them had fever and the degree was more than 39 ℃.What′s more, they had the history of cough and sputum.Somebody had dyspnea and pleural effusion.The imaging examinations of 5 cases strongly suggested that the interstitial and parenchymal lung disease subsequently appeared different sized cystic shadow, liquid flat cystic shadow, thickened wall empty tissue image, while some cases displayed the pleural effusion.The ADV-PCR or ADV-IgM were positive in the children, while the C-reactive protein, white blood cells and neutrophile were higher than the normal, but some were not.All the platelet count and lactate dehydrogenase were higher than the normal.Three children experienced the surgical treatment and their pathologic result revealed lung abscess.All the children were cured after the treatment, with good prognosis.Conclusions:Lung abscess related to ADV was rare in children and its system was not clear.If children who suffered from ADV were not cured after the treatment for a long time, the CT scan can differentiate whether it was combined with the complication of lung abscess or not.Early therapy for these patients could obtain satisfactory prognosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879438

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis and T2WI high signal in the interspinous ligament in MRI in order to improve the understanding of the signal changes of the interspinous ligament.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 43 patients with clinically diagnosed lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis were collected from March 2018 to March 2020, there were 19 males and 24 females, aged 50 to 92 years with an average of 69 years old. Using picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) to access images and record the distribution and incidence of T2WI high signal in the interspinous ligament between the slipped and non-slipped segments. Using Spearman correlation analysis to explore the relationshipbetween the T2WI high signal of the interspinous ligament and the degree of lumbar spondylolisthesis.@*RESULTS@#Except for 8 ligaments that were not included in the statistical results due to poor image quality, 43 patients with a total of 207 lumbar vertebrae and interspinous ligaments were included in the study. According to the Meyerding classification method, 43 patients had a total of 48 segments with spondylolisthesis, 41 segments in grade Ⅰ and 7 segments in grade Ⅱ. There were 30 cases of MRI T2WI high signal in the interspinous ligament corresponding to spondylolisthesis segment, including 3 cases on L@*CONCLUSION@#In patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis, the MRI T2WI hyperintensity is more common in the interspinous ligament. The occurrence of T2WI high signal is positively correlated with the degree of spondylolisthesis, which should be payed enough attention in imaging diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Ligaments, Articular , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Spondylolisthesis/diagnostic imaging
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879158

ABSTRACT

This research was used with high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), combined with information entropy-response surface method(RSM) to investigate the ethanol concentration, extraction time, liquid-to-material ratio. Taking the content of four chromogens as evaluation indexes, the weight coefficients of each index were given, and the comprehensive score was calculated to optimize the extraction process. Then, prim-O-glucosylcimifugin was used as the reference, the relative calibration factors(RCFs) of cimifugin, 4'-O-β-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol and sec-O-glucosylhamaudo to prim-O-glucosylcimifugin were calculated respectively. The contents of four components in Saposhnikoviae Radix were determined by both external standard method(ESM)and quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS) method, and the results were compared. At last, combined with principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) to evaluate the quality of the Saposhnikoviae Radix in different production areas. The optimal extraction process parameter of the Saposhnikoviae Radix was as follows: liquid-to-material ratio is 60∶1(mL·g~(-1)), extraction time is 35 min, and ethanol concentration is 70%. The repeatability of the RCFs was perfect, and the results calculated by the QAMS were consistent with the results from the ESM. The stoichiometric results indicate that there are obvious differences in the distribution of Saposhnikoviae Radix in different production areas, and cimifugin and prim-O-glucosylcimifugin are the characteristic compounds that cause this difference. In this study, the optimal extraction process is stable and feasible, and the method of QAMS is accurate and reliable. From the perspective of four chromogens, there are differences in the quality of the Saposhnikoviae Radix in different production areas. Therefore, the established extraction process combined with the method of QAMS can be used to evaluate the quality of Saposhnikoviae Radix and provide a scientific basis for the quality control of Saposhnikoviae Radix.


Subject(s)
Apiaceae , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Entropy , Plant Roots
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 123-127, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799579

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the occurrence and influencing factors of anemia in lymphoma patients and its effect on treatment.@*Methods@#A total of 501 lymphoma patients, who were hospitalized in four general hospitals in Shanghai from January 2017 to June 2018, were followed up for six months. The clinical data about anemia were collected and statistically analyzed.@*Results@#Among all the enrollment patients, there were 178 patients (35.5%) had anemia. Among 289 patients whom were initially treated for lymphoma, there were 99 patients (34.3%) with anemia. In the following-up time, there were 136 new cases (42.1%) of anemia. The total prevalence of anemia was 62.7%. The univariate analysis indicated that the anemia incidence for initially treated lymphoma patients was significantly related to their age, pathological type, bone marrow infiltration, IPI scores and Ann Arbor stage. The response to initially treatment in lymphoma patients with anemia was inferior to those without anemia. The multivariate analysis indicated that IPI scores 3-5 points (P<0.001, OR=4.230, 95%CI 2.339-7.650) and chemotherapy treatment (P<0.001, OR=11.049, 95%CI 5.149-23.711) were the independent influential factors to the emerging anemia incidence. PS score used to evaluate patient physical condition was obviously related to the anemia occurrence.@*Conclusion@#Lymphoma patients have a high prevalence and incidence of anemia. The occurrence and severity of anemia are closely related to the efficacy and physical condition of lymphoma patients.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876208

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the relationship between chronic diseases and cognitive function in elderly patients, for the purpose of preventing and alleviating cognitive malfunction. Methods A total of 100 retired high intellectuals with age older than 65 years were enrolled.They were hospitalized in Zhongshan Hospital and were requested to complete a conventional questionnaire.Cognitive function was evaluated by Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) Scale.Their chronic diseases including hypertension, coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus were recorded and compared among subjects with different cognitive function levels. Results Based on MoCA Scale, 34 cases were sorted as having normal cognitive function, 50 cases as mild cognitive impairment, and 16 cases as moderate cognitive impairment.Patients with moderate cognitive impairment showed a significantly higher percentage of hypertension (93.8%), coronary artery disease (75.0%), stroke (56.3%), diabetes mellitus (56.3%) while the patients with normal cognitive function exhibited relatively lower percentage of the above-mentioned diseases (61.8%, 41.2%, 17.6%, 20.6%, respectively, P < 0.05).However such difference was not observed for respiratory disease and neoplastic disease among patients with different cognitive conditions (P>0.05).In addition, cardiovascular and metabolic diseases were found to be important risk factors of mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment (P=0.002). Conclusion Prevention and treatment of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases could be imperative to alleviate the process of cognitive impairment.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867609

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the clinical and laboratory characteristics of primary Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in children.Methods:Totally 210 cases with primary EBV infection from September 2016 to March 2017 in Department of Infectious Diseases, Children′s Hospital of Fudan University in Shanghai were retrospectively collected. The clinical information (fever, rash, etc), and laboratory data such as liver function, EBV test (serological test, polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-DNA) were analyzed.Results:The age of children with primary EBV infection was (4.2±2.4) years. Numbers of patients with fever, tonsil and/or pharynx exudation, cervical lymphadenopathy, eyelid edema and rash were 187 (89.0%), 130 (61.9%), 204 (97.1%), 95 (45.2%) and 21 (10.0%), respectively. A total of 120 cases (57.1%) presented with typical triplets of infectious mononucleosis. Absolute lymphocyte count ≥5.0×10 9/L was found in 177 cases (84.3%), and abnormal lymphocyte ratio≥0.10 was found in 184 cases (87.6%). Elevated transaminase level was found in 96 cases (45.6%), and 72 cases were followed until transaminase level back to normal, in whom 97.2% (70/72) patient returned to normal within six weeks. Epstein-Barr viral capsid antigen (EBV-VCA)-IgM was positive in 192 cases (91.4%). EBV-VCA-IgG and Epstein-Barr viral early antigen (EBV-EA)-IgG positive were presented in 182 cases (86.7%) and 62 cases (29.5%), respectively. Epstein-Barr viral nuclear antigen (EBV-NA)-IgG was negative in all cases. EBV DNA test was carried in 199 cases, of which 122 cases (61.3%) were positive. Conclusions:Pediatric primary EBV infection mainly occurs in preschoolers. Most patients are presented with enlarged cervical lymph nodes, fever, and positive EBV serological markers. Transient transaminase elevation is observed in some cases.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865594

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of ultrasound-guided stellate ganglion block in perioperative period of thyroid cancer patients.Methods:From March 2018 to November 2019, in the Second People′s Hospital of Lu′an, Anhui Province, the clinical data of 80 thyroid cancer patients who had underwent open radical operation were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, ultrasound-guided stellate ganglion block was performed in 40 cases (observation group), while ultrasound-guided stellate ganglion block was not performed in 40 cases (control group). The pain digital score (NRS) 6, 12 and 24 h after operation was evaluated. The levels of inflammatory factors, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) 24 h after operation were detected. The indexes of cellular immune function (CD 4+, CD 8+ and CD 4+/CD 8+) 24 h after operation, serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) before operation and 48 h after operation were detected. The postoperative complication was observed. Results:The NRS 6, 12 and 24 h after operation in observation group were significantly lower than that in control group: (3.6 ± 0.3) scores vs. (4.3 ± 0.4) scores, (2.1 ± 0.2) scores vs. (3.5 ± 0.3) scores and (2.6 ± 0.2) scores vs. (3.6 ± 0.3) scores, and there was statistical difference ( P<0.01). The TNF-α, hs-CRP and IL-6 24 h after operation in observation group were significantly lower than those in control group: (85.9 ± 6.8) μg/L vs. (263.5 ± 13.7) μg/L, (6.1 ± 1.6) mg/L vs. (12.3 ± 2.5) mg/L and (236.9 ± 8.6) μg/L vs. (388.9 ± 15.5) μg/L, the CD 4+, CD 8+ and CD 4+/CD 8+ were significantly higher than those in control group: 0.036 ± 0.013 vs. 0.024 ± 0.010, 0.034 ± 0.013 vs. 0.026 ± 0.009 and 1.9 ± 0.1 vs. 1.4 ± 0.1, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). There was no statistical difference in PTH before operation between 2 groups ( P>0.05); the PTH 48 h after operation in observation group was significantly higher than that in control group: (29.8 ± 3.9) μg/L vs. (18.7 ± 2.0) μg/L, and there was statistical difference ( P<0.01). The incidence of postoperative complication in observation group was significantly lower than those in control group: 5.0% (2/40) vs. 25.0% (10/40), and there was statistical difference ( χ2 = 4.804, P<0.05). Conclusions:Ultrasound-guided right stellate ganglion block can effectively relieve postoperative pain, reduce inflammatory reaction, improve immunity, promote the recovery of parathyroid function, and reduce the incidence of postoperative complication in patients with thyroid cancer.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826336

ABSTRACT

To explore the molecular mechanism of human papillomavirus subtype 16(HPV-16)E7 oncogene-induced DNA re-replication in response to DNA damage. Flow cytometry was performed to examine the cell cycle changes in RPE1 E7 cells stably expressing HPV-16 E7 and its control cell RPE1 Vector after DNA damage.Immunoblotting assay was used to evaluate the early mitotic inhibitor 1(Emi1)expression in RPE1 E7 and RPE1 Vector cells with or without DNA damage.The changes of the proportion of polyploidy was detected by flow cytometry in DNA-damaged RPE1 E7 cells interfered by Emi1 small interfering RNA. Compared with the control cells,the proportion of polyploids in RPE1 E7 cells was significantly increased in response to DNA damage(=6.397,=0.0031).Emi1 protein expression was significantly increased in DNA damaged RPE1 E7 cells(=8.241,=0.0012).The polyploid ratio of RPE1 E7 cells was significantly reduced after Emi1 was interfered by two independent small interfering RNAs(=2.916,=0.0434;=3.452,=0.0260). In response to DNA damage,Emi1 promoted DNA re-replication caused by HPV-16 E7.


Subject(s)
DNA Damage , DNA Replication , Human papillomavirus 16 , Mitosis , Oncogene Proteins, Viral
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