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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932932

ABSTRACT

Objective:To produce 161Tb from enriched 160Gd 2O 3 isotope-enriched target material and realize domestic production of the novel medical isotope 161Tb. Methods:The 160Gd 2O 3 isotope-enriched target material was irradiated with neutrons by the China Mianyang Research Reactor (CMRR). The no-carrier-added 161Tb product was obtained after the processes of target broken, sample dissolution, separation and purification with lanthanide (LN) resin and solution replacement with diglycolamide (DGA) column. Various key indicators such as γ spectral purity, metal impurity content, specific activity, radiochemical purity, and radioactive concentration were used to conduct the quality inspection and the control of 161Tb products. Results:161TbCl 3 of 33.4 GBq was obtained in a single time with the radioactive concentration of 16.8 GBq/ml, nuclear purity more than 99.9%, and radiochemical purity of 99.2%. Metal impurity content was met the established standards, with the specific activity of 6.02×10 17 Bq/mol. The radiochemical purities of 161Tb labeling with 1, 4, 7, 10-tetraazacyclododecane-1, 4, 7, 10-tetraacetic acid- D-Phe1-Tyr3-Thr8-octreotide (DOTATATE) after 0 and 72 h were 100% and 95.8% respectively. Conclusion:The preparation of no-carrier-added 161Tb by using LN resin has the advantages of high separation performance and high sample loading, which has great significance in the field of medical isotope preparation and lays a good nuclide guarantee for the research and development of domestic 161Tb-labeled drugs.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888147

ABSTRACT

This study explored the molecular mechanism underlying the Gegen Qinlian Decoction(GQD) promoting the differentiation of brown adipose tissue(BAT) to improve glucose and lipid metabolism disorders in diabetic rats. After the hypoglycemic effect of GQD on diabetic rats induced by high-fat diet combined with a low dose of streptozotocin was confirmed, the total RNA of rat BAT around scapula was extracted. Nuclear transcription genes Prdm16, Pparγc1α, Pparα, Pparγ and Sirt1, BAT marker genes Ucp1, Cidea and Dio2, energy expenditure gene Ampkα2 as well as BAT secretion factors Adpn, Fndc5, Angptl8, IL-6 and Rbp4 were detected by qPCR, then were analyzed by IPA software. Afterward, the total protein from rat BAT was extracted, and PRDM16, PGC1α, PPARγ, PPARα, SIRT1, ChREBP, AMPKα, UCP1, ADPN, NRG4, GLUT1 and GLUT4 were detected by Western blot. The mRNA expression levels of Pparγc1α, Pparα, Pparγ, Ucp1, Cidea, Ampkα2, Dio2, Fndc5, Rbp4 and Angptl8 were significantly increased(P<0.05) and those of Adpn and IL-6 were significantly decreased(P<0.05) in the GQD group compared with the diabetic group. In addition, Sirt1 showed a downward trend(P=0.104), whereas Prdm16 tended to be up-regulated(P=0.182) in the GQD group. IPA canonical pathway analysis and diseases-and-functions analysis suggested that GQD activated PPARα/RXRα and SIRT1 signaling pathways to promote the differentiation of BAT and reduce the excessive lipid accumulation. Moreover, the protein expression levels of PRDM16, PGC1α, PPARα, PPARγ, SIRT1, ChREBP, AMPKα, UCP1, GLUT1, GLUT4 and NRG4 were significantly decreased in the diabetic group(P<0.01), which were elevated after GQD intervention(P<0.05). Unexpectedly, the expression of ADPN protein in the diabetic group was up-regulated(P<0.01) as compared with the control group, which was down-regulated after the administration with GQD(P<0.01). This study indicated that GQD promoted BAT differentiation and maturity to increase energy consumption, which reduced the glucose and lipid metabolism disorders and thereby improved diabetes symptoms.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue, Brown , Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fibronectins , Glucose , Lipid Metabolism , Lipid Metabolism Disorders , Rats
3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 407-417, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827047

ABSTRACT

Oxygen levels are unequal in different living geographical locations of human and related to normal physiology of health. The reduction of oxygen level in the body can lead to a variety of diseases, such as stroke caused by cerebral ischemia and hypoxia. In the recent years, many studies have elucidated the molecular and cellular mechanisms of organism response to different oxygen concentrations by using the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) as model organism. C. elegans can escape hypoxia or hyperoxia and adapt to the ambient oxygen environments, and there are different response and regulation mechanisms in different degrees of hypoxia environment. In this paper, recent advances in the reaction of nematodes to different oxygen concentrations and the underlying mechanism were reviewed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Caenorhabditis elegans , Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins , Humans , Hypoxia , Oxygen
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1409-1416, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780233

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to explore the antipyretic mechanism of Pueraria radix. The method of network pharmacology was used to determine the known ingredients corresponding to Pueraria radix, predict the drug-related gene /protein targets, and analyze the interplay between key ingredients and targets. Biological Information Annotation Databases (DAVID) was used to enrich the biological processes and pathways. The result of network analysis was validated by molecular docking. It was found that 49 active ingredients of Pueraria radix not only regulate 21 targets (e.g. PTGS2, EGFR), but also affect 11 biological processes (e.g. oxidation-reduction process, prostaglandin synthesis, positive regulation of fever generation and inflammatory response) and 7 metabolic pathways (arachidonic acid metabolism, serotonergic synapse and HIF-1, et al). Molecular docking results showed that more than 65% of the active ingredients could be well docked with key targets, and the relevant literatures indicated that the active components could inhibit the expression of PTGS2, which means the result has a high reliability. These results indicated that Pueraria radix may carry its pyretic action via a "multi-ingredients-multi-targets-multi-pathways" mode, which provides a scientific basis for further research and drug development.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774583

ABSTRACT

Diabetes is a chronic disorder of glucose metabolism characterized by elevated blood glucose levels. With the improvement in living standards and the changes in lifestyle,T2 DM incidence has a dramatic increase in the past decades,bringing a series of public health problems. In the research and development field of diabetic drugs,T1 DM drugs are mainly long-acting sustained-release insulin preparations,whereas T2 DM drugs mainly are based on single target. T2 DM drugs usually have a good anti-hyperglycemic effect,but with side effects for long-term administration. Therefore,the research and development of hypoglycemic drugs focus on formula drugs with multi-component,multi-target and multi-pathway effects. In the similar principle of action,traditional Chinese medicine formula has achieved a good efficacy in the treatment of diabetes,with mild anti-hyperglycemic effects and multiple-component synergistic effects in intervening the pathogenesis of diabetes,including additive effect,synergy effect and toxicity scattering effect. This article mainly reviews clinical trials and mechanisms of action of traditional Chinese medicine formula for the treatment of diabetes,so as to provide a reference to the rational and effective clinical application of traditional Chinese medicine formula in treating diabetes.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687310

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to investigate the hypoglycemic effect and relative mechanism of jatrorrhizine in insulin-resistance (IR)-3T3-L1 adipocytes. The 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were used to induce mature adipocytes, then the stable IR model was established with 1 μmol·L⁻¹ dexamethasone. The adipocytes were divided into normal group, IR model group, rosiglitazone positive group and jatrorrhizine group (0.5, 1, 5, 10, 20 μmol·L⁻¹). After different time points (12, 24, 30, 36, 48 h) treatment, glucose content of 3T3-L1 adipocytes was detected by the glucose oxidase peroxidase method and TG content was measured by glycerol phosphate oxidase method, whereas cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay. Furthermore, the protein expression levels of insulin receptor substrate 2 (IRS2), phosphinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 1(PI3KR1), phosphorylated protein B [p-AKT (Ser473)], phosph-AMP-activated protein [p-AMPK (Thr172)], and glucose transporter type 4/1/2 (GLUT4/1/2) were detected by Western blot assay. The results showed that as compared with the normal group, the glucose consumptionwas significantly decreased in IR model group(<0.01); whereas 0.5, 1, 5, 10, 20 μmol·L⁻¹ jatrorrhizine and rosiglitazone group elevated IR-3T3-L1 cells glucose consumption (<0.01) at 36 h and 48 h administration as compared with IR group. The optimal administration time was 48 h for jatrorrhizine. 1, 5, 10, 20 μmol·L⁻¹ of jatrorrhizine decreased the TG content in 3T3-L1 adipocytes for 48 h administration (<0.05). The protein expression levels of IRS2, PI3KR1, p-AKT (Ser473), p-AMPK (Thr172), GLUT4/1/2 were significantly up-regulated by different concentrations of jatrorrhizine and rosiglitazone (<0.01). The results showed that jatrorrhizine increased glucose uptake with elevated glucose consumption, whereas reduced intracellular TG content in IR-3T3-L1 adipocytes. Moreover, it intervened classic insulin signal pathway IRS2/PI3KR1/p-AKT/GLUT4 and increase AMPK protein phosphorylation level for the activation of GLUT1/4 for insulin sensibility. Thus, jatrorrhizine could effectively regulate the GLUTs with multiple manners for hypoglycemic effect.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775372

ABSTRACT

To investigate the hypoglycemic effects of baicalin, berberine, puerarin and liquiritin on the insulin resistance (IR) cells. The IR model of HepG2 cells was established by treatment with insulin and dexamethasone for 48 h. Glucose uptake, glycogen content and cell viability were detected with different concentrations of baicalin, berberine, puerarin, liquiritin in IR-HepG2 cells. Compared with IR model group, all of intervened groups significantly increased the glucose consumption, except for liquiritin groups and 1 μmol·L⁻¹ baicalin group. Moreover, 10, 20, 50 μmol·L⁻¹ baicalin, 5, 10, 20, 50 μmol·L⁻¹ berberine and 40, 80, 160 μmol·L⁻¹ puerarin significantly elevated glycogen content in IR-HepG2 cells. Liquiritin did not show obvious hypoglycemic effect. Compared with normal group, the mRNA expression levels of GLUT1 and GLUT4 were decreased in IR-HepG2 cells according to qPCR results. 5, 20 μmol·L⁻¹ berberine decreased the mRNA expression level of GLUT1 in IR-HepG2 cells, whereas 20, 40, 80 μmol·L⁻¹ puerarin significantly elevated the mRNA expression level of GLUT1. Moreover, 10, 20, 50 μmol·L⁻¹ baicalin and 20 μmol·L⁻¹ berberine increased the mRNA expression level of GLUT4. Whereas, 40, 80 μmol·L⁻¹ puerarin decreased the mRNA expression level of GLUT4. Western blot results suggested that 10, 20, 50 μmol·L⁻¹ baicalin significantly increased the protein expressions of GLUT2 and GLUT4, whereas 20, 40, 80 μmol·L⁻¹ puerarin significantly up-regulated GLUT1 and GLUT2 proteins. In addition, 20 μmol·L⁻¹ berberine increased the protein expressions of GLUT2 and GLUT4, whereas 10 μmol·L⁻¹ berberine up-regulated GLUT4 expression. The results preliminarily suggested that baicalin, berberine and puerarin have differentiated hypoglycemic effects, which accelerate glucose transport, increase glycogen synthesis, regulate glucose metabolism and improve hepatic IR.


Subject(s)
Berberine , Pharmacology , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Glucose , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Pharmacology , Insulin , Insulin Resistance , Isoflavones , Pharmacology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511094

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the early effect of leukocyte-and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF)on tendon-bone healing in rabbits' extra-articular bone tunnel.Methods Thirty healthy New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into an experimental group and a control group,each of 15.The semitendinosus tendon harvested from the hind leg of each rabbit was prepared as free autografts.Each autograft was implanted into the bone tunnel created at ipsilateral proximal tibial metaphysis.The experimental group was added with autologous peripheral blood-derived L-PRF,while the control group did not add anything.Speciments from each group were harvested at 4,8 and 12 weeks after operation.The morphological changes were observed and evaluated at each time point.The fibroblasts on the tendon-bone interface were counted and analyzed under the high magnification microscope.Results The number of fibroblasts between the tendon and bone in the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group at each time point (P<0.05).And the connection between tendon and bone was closer and the collagen fibers were more regular in the experimental group than the control group at each time point.Sharpey's-like fibers which marked the early healing of the tendon to bone,were observed at 4th week in the experimental group,while they were observed at 8th week in the control group.As the healing time extended,Sharpey's like fibers continue to increase in both groups and significant differences were observed in the histological morphology (Buark grades)between the two groups (P<0.05).Conclusion Autologous peripheral blood-derived L-PRF can promote early healing of autologous tendon to bone in the extra-articular bone tunnel of model rabbit.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338224

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of Gegen Qinlian decoction(GQD) in improving adipocytic insulin resistance(IR) and explore its related molecular mechanism. Diabetic rats models were induced by high glucose and high-fat diet with a small dose of streptozotocin, and after GQD treatment for 3 months, blood biochemical indexes such as fasting blood-glucose(FBG), insulin, glycosylated serum protein(GSP) and HOMA-IRI were detected and assessed. After the total RNA was extracted from the adipose tissue of diabetic SD rats, PPARγ, ADPN, GLUT4, GLUT2, ACACA and ACACB mRNA expression levels were separately detected by qPCR. Then, stable IR-3T3-L1 adipocyte model was built with 1 μmol•L⁻¹ dexamethasone. After the cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay, 5%, 10% and 15% GQD-containing serum(GQD-CS) were respectively used to treat IR-3T-L1 adipocytes for 24 h. The contents of glucose, nonesterified fatty acid(NEFA) and adiponectin in cell culture supernatants were separately detected whereas the intracellular triglyceride(TG) contents of IR-3T3-L1 adipocytes were also measured. The ADPN, PPARγ and GLUT4 mRNA and protein expression levels were respectively detected by qPCR and Western blot in IR-3T3-L1 adipocytes. Results showed that GQD significantly decreased fasting blood glucose, insulin and GSP(P<0.01), and down-regulated HOMA-IRI(P<0.05) after the high-fat diet/streptozotocin-induced diabetic SD rats were treated for three months, with a good hypoglycemic effect. Moreover, PPARγ, ADPN, GLUT4, GLUT2, ACACA and ACACB mRNA expression levels were significantly elevated in the adipose tissue of GQD-treated diabetic SD rats. The 5%, 10% and 15% GQD-CS significantly increased glucose consumption of IR-3T3-L1 adipocytes at 24 h treatment(P<0.01), significantly decreased the intracellular TG content (P<0.01), and down-regulated NEFA to a certain extent but not significantly. Moreover, GQD-CS significantly up-regulated GLUT4 and ADPN expression. The results indicated that GQD could activate PPARγ to ameliorate adipocytic insulin resistance in the diabetic SD rats and IR-3T3-L1 adipocytes.

10.
Drug Evaluation Research ; (6): 1402-1407, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663961

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the anti-hyperglycemic effect of the Chinese medicine ingredients such as berberine,baicalin,puerarin and liquiritin on the optimal insulin resistance (IR)-HepG2 cell model by oleic acid.It would provide the theoretical basis for the optimization of Chinese medicine prescription or anti-hyperglycemic components combination.Methods Different concentrations (0.1,0.2,0.5,and 1.0 mmol/L) of oleic acid were used to induce HepG2 cells for different time (24,36 and 48 h),the glucose consumption was measured byglucose oxidase assay,and cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay to define the optimal inducing concentration and time for IR-HepG2 cell model.Then the cell morphological changes were detected by oil red O staining.Finally,the stability of IR-HepG2 cell model was tested.After the IR-HepG2 model was optimally established,the glucose consumption,glycogen content and cell viability were detected after 24 h administration with different concentrations of berberine,baicalin,puerarin and liquiritin by anthrone method,glycerol phosphate oxidase assay and CCK-8 assay respectively.Results The optimal oleic acid-induced concentration was 1 mmol/L and the optimal induced time was 24 h for the IR-HepG2 cell model that could keep stable more than 36 h.Comparing with IR model group,berberine,puerarin and baicalin significantly increased the glucose consumption,whereas liquiritin did not show significant change in the glucose consumption except for 1 μmol/L.Only 160 μmol/L puerarin and 1 μmol/L baicalin significantly inhibited IR-HepG2 cell viability.Moreover,berberine,puerarin,and baicalin significantly elevated the glycogen content;Liquiritin did not change glycogen content significantly.Conclusion The IR-HepG2 cell model could be stably established with 24 h treatment of 1 mmol/L oleic acid.Berberine,puerarin,and baicalin significantly increased the glucose consumption and glycogen content in the IR-HepG2 cells.The results suggest that berberine,baicalin and puerarin maybe perform different pathways of anti-hyperglycemic effects due to different incentives ofIR.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256071

ABSTRACT

To observe the anti-hyperglycemic effect of Puerariae Lobatae Radix in hepatocyte insulin resistance(IR) models, and investigate its preliminary molecular mechanism. IR-HepG2 cell model was stably established with 1×10-9 mol•L⁻¹ insulin plus 3.75×10-6 mol•L-1 dexamethasone treatment for 48 h according to optimized protocol in our research group. After IR-HepG2 cells were treated with different concentrations(5%,10% and 15%) of Puerariae Lobatae Radix-containing serum, cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay; the glucose consumptions in IR-HepG2 cells were separately detected at different time points (12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 30, 36 h) by using glucose oxidase method; intracellular glycogen content was detected by anthrone method; and the protein expression levels of leptin receptor (Ob-R), insulin receptor substrate-2 (IRS2), glucose transporter 1(GLUT1) and GLUT2 were detected by Western blot assay. The results showed that Puerariae Lobatae Radix-containing serum (5%, 10% and 15%) had no significant effect on IR-HepG2 cell viability; 5% and 10% Puerariae Lobatae Radix-containing serum significantly increased glucose consumption of IR-HepG2 cells (P<0.01) at 18, 21 and 24 h; 15% Puerariae Lobatae Radix-containing serum elevated the glucose consumption of IR-HepG2 cells at 15 h (P<0.05), and significantly elevated the glucose consumption at 18, 21, 24 and 30 h (P<0.01) in a dose-dependent manner. The optimized time of anti-hyperglycemic effect was defined as 24 h, and further study showed that Puerariae Lobatae Radix-containing serum could increase intracellular glycogen content after 24 h treatment (P<0.01), and up-regulate IRS2, Ob-R, GLUT1 and GLUT2 protein expression levels. Our results indicated that Puerariae Lobatae Radix-containing serum could achieve the anti-hyperglycemic effect through important PI3K/PDK signaling pathway partially by up-regulating the expression levels of Ob-R and IRS2, GLUT1 and GLUT2 in IR-HepG2 cells, accelerating the glucose transport into hepatocytes and increasing hepatic glycogen synthesis to enhance the anti-hyperglycemic effect of IR-HepG2 cells.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485693

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Because of its advantages, Endobutton has been widely used in clinic. Currently, its shortcomings are increasingly recognized. Tightrope that overcomes the shortcomings of Endobutton has been gradualy accepted by a doctor skiled in sports injuries. OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare the differences in the effects of Tightrope and Endobutton in the reconstruction of the cruciate ligament. METHODS:Totaly 60 cases of anterior cruciate ligament rupture were selected and subjected to anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction under arthroscopy, of which 30 cases were randomly assigned to reconstruction by Endobutton device and 30 cases underwent reconstruction by Tightrope device. Al operations were performed by the same surgeon. Al patients were subjected to regular functional exercise and were folowed up regularly after operation. Effects of Tightrope and Endobutton in the cruciate ligament reconstruction were evaluated by comparing various indexes in the two groups. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Compared to the Endobutton fixation system, the Tightrope fixation system could shorten the operation time, reduce the length of tendon incision, and decrease the loss of bone mass in the femoral bone tunnel. There were no significant differences in the maximum knee flexion, knee joint score and Tegner movement level score between the two groups at 3 and 6 months after operation. These findings indicate that the Tightrope fixation system is superior to the Endobutton fixation system, because it is more simple and convenient to operate and has less bone loss. However, their clinical efficacy has no difference after 6 months.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275184

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the mechanism of Chinese traditional medicine, Kudzu root(Chinese name:Ge-Gen; Latin name: Puerariae Lobatae Radix) how to improving insulin resistance (IR) through the regulation of the glucose and lipid metabolism in the IR-3T3-L1 adipocytes. After the 3T3-L1 mouse preadipocytes were differentiated into mature adipocytes, IR model(IR-3T3-L1) was built with 1 μmol•L-1 dexamethasone treatment for 96 h. IR adipocytes were treated with different concentrations (5%,10% and 15%) of Ge-Gen containing serum (GG-CS)for 12 h or 24 h, whereas rosiglitazone group as positive control in this study. The glucose contents in cell culture supernatants were detected by glucose oxidase assay and the intracellular triglyceride (TG) contents were measured by glycerol phosphate oxidase assay respectively.The mRNA expression levels of PPARγ, ADPN, GLUT4, LPL, FABP4 and FASn gene were determined by real-time quantitative PCR(qPCR).Results showed that IR-3T3-L1 adipocytes significantly increased glucose consumption (P<0.01)and decreased TG contents (P<0.01) as compared with the normal control group, the glucose consumption significantly increased with the treatment of GG-CS (P<0.01) by dose-dependent and time-dependent manners,whereas the intracellular TG content was sigificantly decreased (P<0.01) by dose-dependent manner.qPCR analysis revealed that 10% and 15% GG-CS significantly up-regulated the mRNA expression level of PPARγ, ADPN and GLUT4 (P<0.01) with the same dose-dependent manner,whereas the GLUT4 mRNA expression was showed similar expression pattern with the treatment of 10% and 15% GG-CS (P<0.01).We also detected the mRNA expression levels of several important lipid-metabolizing enzymes such as LPL, FASn and FABP4 by PPARγ regulation. 15% GG-CS elevated LPL mRNA expression (P<0.05);10% and 15% GG-CS enhanced the FASn mRNA expression (P<0.01), whereas 5%,10% and 15% GG-CS down-regulated FABP4 mRNA expression (P<0.01). Together, our results indicated that GG could regulate the glucose and lipid metabolism to ameliorate IR with multi-target manners in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236081

ABSTRACT

Adipocytokines are closely associated with insulin resistance (IR) in adipose tissues, and they are more and more seriously taken in the study of the development of diabetes. This experiment was mainly to study the effect of berberine on mRNA expression levels of PPARγ and adipocytokines in insulin resistant adipocytes, and investigate the molecular mechanism of berberine in enhancing insulin sensitization and application advantages of droplet digital PCR (ddPCR). ddPCR absolute quantification analysis was taken in this experiment to simply and intuitively determine the appropriate reference genes. ddPCR and quantitative Real-time PCR (qPCR) were used to compare the effect of different doses of berberine (10, 20, 50, 100 μmol•L⁻¹) on mRNA expression levels of PPARγ, adiponectin, resistin and leptin in IR 3T3-L1adipocytes. Antagonist GW9662 was added to study the inherent correlation between PPARγ and adiponectin mRNA expression levels. ddPCR results showed that the expression level of β-actin in adipocytes was stable, and suitable as reference gene for normalization of quantitative PCR data. Both of ddPCR and qPCR results showed that, as compared with IR models, the mRNA expression levels of adiponectin were decreased in the treatment with berberine (10, 20, 50, 100 μmol•L⁻¹) in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.01); the expression of PPARγ was decreased by 20, 50, 100 μmol•L⁻¹ berberine in a dose-dependent manner in qPCR assay (P<0.01) and decreased only by 50 and 100 μmol•L⁻¹ berberine in ddPCR assay (P<0.05). PPARγ specific antagonist GW9662 intervention experiment showed that adiponectin gene expression was directly relevant with PPARγ (P<0.05). ddPCR probe assay showed that various doses of berberine could significantly reduce mRNA expression levels of resistin and leptin (P<0.01) in a dose-dependent manner. In conclusion, berberine enhanced insulin sensitization effect not by up-regulating adiponect in expression of transcriptional level in PPARγ-dependent manner, but may by the elevated multimerization of adiponectin in the posttranslational regulation level. Berberine down-regulated the resistin and leptin expression levels, which could alleviate lipolysis and improve IR in adipocytes. ddPCR provided better sensitivity and linear range than qPCR, with obvious technical advantages for the detection of low abundance expression of target genes.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-838871

ABSTRACT

Blunt aortic injury refers to damage to the aorta caused by sudden and strong force, which can be life-threatening and is not uncommon in recent years. To improve the survival of these victims remains a clinical challenge to date. This paper reviewed the pathophysiology, disease course, clinical manifestation, diagnosis and the treatment of blunt aortic injury, hoping to provide reference for a better understanding of this severe trauma and help the early diagnosis and management.

16.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 1019-1023, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477687

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate protective effects of thrombopoietin ( TPO) on cerebral model control in rats and associated signal transduction pathway. Methods Thread embolism was performed to generate cerebral ischemia-reperfusion rat model. Eighty male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model control group, TPO group, TPO and Janus kinase 2 ( JAK2 ) kinase inhibitor ( AG490 ) group. Before 30 min of ischemia-reperfusion, TPO group was given TPO (5 μg·kg-1) by intraperitoneal injection, TPO + AG490 group was given TPO (5 μg·kg-1) before 30 min of ischemia reperfusion, then given AG490 (8 μg·kg-1), and model control group were given the same dose of 0. 9% sodium chloride solution. The observation time points were 6, 12, 24, and 48 h after ischemia reperfusion. Immunohistochemical staining and Western blotting were used to measure the protein levels of Bcl-2, JAK2 and signal transducer & activator of transcription (STAT3). TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) was used to detect apoptosis. Results Compared with model control group, the number of apoptotic cells were significantly reduced [(67. 50±9. 37) vs. (40. 20±7. 47)], the expression levels of Bcl-2, JAK2 and STAT3 protein were significantly increased [(35. 40±7. 39) vs. (78. 70±9. 75);(35. 68±6. 75) vs. (62.35±7.53); (25.40±9.45) vs.(55.36±9.69), respectively] 24 h after ischeia reperfusion in the TPO group (all P<0. 05). Compared with the TPO group, the Bcl-2, JAK2 and STAT3 protein levels were significantly decreased in TPO and AG490 group [(78. 70±9. 75) vs. (55. 40±9. 35);(62. 35±7. 53) vs. (40. 68±5. 89); (55. 36±9. 69) vs. (30. 40±9. 39), respetively], and the number of apoptotic cells was significantly increased [(40. 20±7. 47) vs. (55. 23±7. 65)] (all P<0. 05). Conclusion TPO can inhibit cell apoptosis after ischemia-reperfusion injury, the mechanism might be related to the activation of JAK2/STAT3 signal transduction pathway through raising the expression of Bcl-2 gene.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462042

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of Kuppel-like factor 2( KLF2 )after focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion( I/R)injury in rats and the intervention effect of nuclear factor kappa B ( NF-κB)inhibitor. Methods Sixty healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group,an I/R group,and a NF-κB inhibitor group( n=20 in each group). A focal cerebral I/R model was induced by the intraluminal suture method,and NF-κB inhibitor( pyrrolidinedithio carbamate,PDTC)was given to intervene. The observation time points were 6,12,24,and 48 hours after I/R. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(PCR)and Western blot were used to measure KLF2 mRNA and protein expression in ischemic brain tissue. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)was used to detect the levels of serum tumor necrosis factorα( TNF-α),and they were compared among groups. Results Compared with the sham operation group,the expression levels of KLF2 mRNA and protein in I/R group in the ischemic brain tissue at each time point were averagely decreased( the relative expression levels of KLF2 mRNA:0. 46 ± 0. 03 vs. 0. 82 ± 0. 04,0. 30 ± 0. 04 vs. 0. 78 ± 0. 05,0. 18 ± 0. 04 vs. 0. 76 ± 0. 02,0. 26 ± 0. 02 vs. 0. 81 ± 0. 04,respectively;the relative expression levels of KLF2 protein:0. 46 ± 0. 04 vs. 0. 80 ± 0. 02,0. 30 ± 0. 02 vs. 0. 79 ± 0. 02,0. 15 ± 0. 02 vs. 0. 77 ± 0. 01,0. 24 ± 0. 01 vs. 0. 79 ± 0. 02,respectively). They reached the lowest values at 24 hours after I/R,while the serum TNF-αlevels were increased. There were significant differences(all P<0. 05). After giving NF-κB inhibitor PDTC,the expression levels of KLF2 mRNA and protein at 6,12,24,and 48 hours after I/R were upregulated differently compared with the I/R group. The relative expression levels of KLF2 mRNA were 0. 61 ± 0. 04,0. 44 ± 0. 03,0. 34 ± 0. 02,and 0. 43 ± 0. 04, respectively. Those of KLF2 protein were 0. 60 ± 0. 02,0. 43 ± 0. 02,0. 33 ± 0. 01,and 0. 44 ± 0. 03, respectively,while the levels of TNF-αwere decreased. There were significant differences(all P<0. 05). There was a negative correlation between the KLF2 mRNA levels and the serum TNF-αlevels at each time point in the I/R group and the PDTC group( r= —0. 728 ,P<0. 05 ). Conclusions The expression levels of KLF2 mRNA in brain tissue are decreased after I/R,and it is negatively correlated with the serum TNF-α levels. It may be involved in the pathological process of I/R by NF-κB pathway mediated inflammatory reaction.

18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1221-1224, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274061

ABSTRACT

Although the tyrosinekinase inhibitors (TKI) displayed a significant curative effect on chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), but the drug resistance in treatment course of this disease still can not be avoided. Studies recently have shown that the mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) can induce CML cells to resist TKI therapy by CXCL12/CXCR4 axis from multiple aspects, such as the directional migration of CML cells, adherence to marrow cavity, the mediation of cell protective dormancy, activations of numerous survival signaling pathways, the suppression of mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis and the up-regulated expression of BCL-6. The combination of TKI and CXCR4 antagonists will be a novel treatment strategy to raise the genetic cure rate of CML. In this article, the pathways of drug resistance, pathways of sensitivity to CXCL12 and pathways of CML cell adherence to marrow cavity in CML cells mediated by MSC were reviewed.


Subject(s)
Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Signal Transduction , Stem Cells
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 261-271, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251785

ABSTRACT

p70 ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p70S6K), an important member of AGC family, is a kind of multifunctional Ser/Thr kinases, which plays an important role in mTOR signaling cascade. The p70 ribosomal protein S6 kinase is closely associated with diverse cellular processes such as protein synthesis, mRNA processing, glucose homeostasis, cell growth and apoptosis. Recent studies have highlighted the important role of S6K in cancer, which arose interests of scientific researchers for the design and discovery of anti-cancer agents. Herein, the mechanisms of S6K and available inhibitors are reviewed.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Humans , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Chemistry , Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases, 70-kDa , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
20.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E248-E254, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804379

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of tendon synovial sheaths in tendon regeneration in vivo. Methods Thirty-six Roman chicken were randomly divided into Group A and B, with 18 chicken in each group. In Group A, the synovial sheaths of the deep flexor tendons in the left middle toes were separated from the up, right and down side without cutting off the tendons themselves. The allograft decellularized tendons were coated with synovial sheaths which were detached partly and fixed on the left side of the normal deep flexor tendons in the middle toes of the left foot. In Group B, the allograft decellularized tendons were directly implanted on the left side of the deep flexor tendons without coating of synovial sheaths. The normal deep flexor tendons from the right foot were used as the control group. The maximum loads and elastic modulus of the tendons at 4th, 8th and 12th week were obtained by mechanical testing, and HE staining was conducted to observe histological changes of the tendons. Results The maximum load at 8th and 12th week and elastic modulus at 4th, 8th and 12th week in Groups A were greater than those in Group B, with significant differences (P<0.05). Group A showed more densely deposited matrices and longitudinally aligned collagen fibers than Group B, and inflammatory cells and fibrous tissues could hardly be found in Group A. In Group B, the collagen fibers were decreased gradually, with disordered alignment. Furthermore, more inflammatory cells infiltration and hyperplasia of fibrous tissues were found in Group B. Conclusions The synovial sheaths can contribute to tendon regeneration, indicating that a proper environment in vivo plays an important role in the engineered tendons. This study has a positive effect on finding proper tendon replacements for patients with tendon deficiency.

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