Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 808
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902453

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the image quality of ultralow-dose CT (ULDCT) of the chest reconstructed using a cycle-consistent generative adversarial network (CycleGAN)-based deep learning method in the evaluation of pulmonary tuberculosis. @*Materials and Methods@#Between June 2019 and November 2019, 103 patients (mean age, 40.8 ± 13.6 years; 61 men and 42 women) with pulmonary tuberculosis were prospectively enrolled to undergo standard-dose CT (120 kVp with automated exposure control), followed immediately by ULDCT (80 kVp and 10 mAs). The images of the two successive scans were used to train the CycleGAN framework for image-to-image translation. The denoising efficacy of the CycleGAN algorithm was compared with that of hybrid and model-based iterative reconstruction. Repeated-measures analysis of variance and Wilcoxon signedrank test were performed to compare the objective measurements and the subjective image quality scores, respectively. @*Results@#With the optimized CycleGAN denoising model, using the ULDCT images as input, the peak signal-to-noise ratio and structural similarity index improved by 2.0 dB and 0.21, respectively. The CycleGAN-generated denoised ULDCT images typically provided satisfactory image quality for optimal visibility of anatomic structures and pathological findings, with a lower level of image noise (mean ± standard deviation [SD], 19.5 ± 3.0 Hounsfield unit [HU]) than that of the hybrid (66.3 ± 10.5 HU, p 0.908). The CycleGAN-generated images showed the highest contrast-to-noise ratios for the pulmonary lesions, followed by the model-based and hybrid iterative reconstruction. The mean effective radiation dose of ULDCT was 0.12 mSv with a mean 93.9% reduction compared to standard-dose CT. @*Conclusion@#The optimized CycleGAN technique may allow the synthesis of diagnostically acceptable images from ULDCT of the chest for the evaluation of pulmonary tuberculosis.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880567

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the protective effect and the underlying mechanism of Hu-Lu-Ba-Wan (, HLBW) on the testis of diabetic rats.@*METHODS@#Twenty-four male Wistar rats (160-180 g) were randomly divided into 3 groups according to a random number table, including a control group (n=8), diabetic group (n=8), and HLBW group (n=8). Diabetic rat model was established by high-fat-diet administration and single intravenous injection of streptozotocin (26 mg/kg). Then HLBW granule was administrated for 12 weeks. Fasting blood glucose and insulin levels as well as serum total testosterone level and testicular testosterone content were examined. Oxidative stress markers in both serum and testis were tested. Meanwhile, testicular morphology was observed under hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and the ultrastructure of Leydig cell was observed by electron microscope. The superoxide anion level was detected by DHE, and TUNEL-positive cells of testis was evaluated by TUNEL assay. The gene and protein expression of protein kinase C (PKCα), phosphorylated PKCα (P-PKCα) and P47phox in testicular tissues were determined by quantitative RT-PCR analysis and Western bolt analysis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the diabetic group, HLBW treatment significantly reduced the fasting glucose levels and increased the levels of fasting insulin and testosterone in serum (P<0.01). HLBW administration also reduced the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in plasma and alleviated the damage of oxidative stress in the testis of diabetic rats. Additionally, HLBW down-regulated the protein and mRNA levels of PKCα, P-PKCα and P47phox in testicular tissues.@*CONCLUSION@#HLBW may attenuate the oxidative stress in the testis of diabetic rats via PKCα /NAPDH oxidase signaling pathway.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 37-49, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872614

ABSTRACT

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a serious chronic disease with high incidence, poor prognosis, and a variety of complications. Indoxyl-sulfate (IS) and p-cresol sulfate (PCS) are two typical gut-derived uremic toxins, which are produced by the co-metabolism of intestinal microbes and the host. With the progression of CKD, gut-derived uremic toxins such as IS and PCS accumulate in patients with CKD and thereafter accelerate the progression of CKD. Gut microbiota is closely related with CKD, and targeting gut microbiota to regulate gut-derived uremic toxins synthesis and metabolic pathways may be a promising strategy to delay the progression of CKD. In this paper, the relationship between gut microbiota, gut-derived uremic toxins, and CKD was analyzed, and the strategy to delay the progression of CKD by targeting gut microbiota and uremic toxins metabolism pathway was proposed.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1049-1056, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886970

ABSTRACT

Insulin resistance refers to the impaired ability of insulin to regulate glucose metabolism in peripheral organs, which is considered to be the etiology of type 2 diabetes. This study aims to explore the mechanism of improving insulin resistance by compatibility of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Carthami Flos (DH). Insulin resistance was conducted on C56BL/6J mice by treatment of high fat diet. The energy intake and body weight, plasma levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, insulin and glucose, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and insulin tolerance test (ITT), as well as gene transcription and protein expression levels of insulin signaling pathway in liver, heart, kidney, and skeletal muscle of insulin resistance mice were evaluated. Animal experiments and welfare were performed in compliance with the guidelines of Animal Ethics Committee of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine. The results showed that DH treatment significantly alleviated the excessive food intake and weight gain, and significantly decreased the levels of plasma triglycerides and total cholesterol, and constantly mitigated the hyperinsulinemia in insulin resistance mice. The results of OGTT and ITT suggested that DH treatment dramatically improved the response of insulin resistance mice to insulin stimulated glucose metabolism. Furthermore, the imbalance of metabolic arm and mitogenic arm of insulin signaling pathway in insulin resistance mice was normalized after DH treatment. DH treatment regulated insulin signaling pathway and improved the ability of glucose metabolism of insulin resistance mice.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885688

ABSTRACT

Flagellum is a slender and wavy protein-attached filament on the surface of certain bacterial cells. It not only plays an important role in the movement and pathogenic ability of bacteria, but also participates in a variety of host immune regulation. Flagellin is a structural protein that forms the main part of flagellar filaments and can be recognized by TLR5 and other receptors in the host cell to induce the body′s immune response. At present, flagellin is widely used in the research of new immune adjuvants due to its immune activation, and its inflammation inhibitory effect also has good prospects against immune pathological damage. In this review, we summarized and analyzed the recent progress on the basic structure and function of flagellin, the host recognition mechanism, and its role in regulating the host immune system.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885683

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of miR-125b on radiosensitivity of cervical cancer cells and its possible downstream mechanism.Methods:The expression of miR-125b and Foxp3 in cervical cancer tissues and cells was detected by RT-qPCR. The HeLa cells were irradiated with 0, 2, 4 and 6 Gy of X-rays. The expression of miR-125b and Foxp3 in each group was detected by RT-qPCR. After downregulation of miR-125b expression and 6 Gy X-ray irradiation, the proliferation ability of HeLa cells was detected by MTT assay, and the expression of Bax and Bcl-2 proteins were detected by Western blot. The relationship between miR-125b and Foxp3 was detected by Targetscan and Dual luciferin reporter assay. After downregulation of Foxp3 expression and 6 Gy X-ray irradiation, the proliferation ability of HeLa cells was detected by MTT assay, and the expression of Bax and Bcl-2 proteins were detected by Western blot. The effects of miR-125b on radiosensitivity of HeLa cells through Foxp3 were detected. After down-regulation of Foxp3, the contents of IL-10 and TGF-β in supernatant were detected by ELISA.Results:The expression of miR-125b in the tissues and cells of cervical cancer was significantly decreased, while the expression of Foxp3 was significantly increased. The expression of miR-125b in HeLa cells was increased after radiation in a dose dependent manner. The expression of Foxp3 in HeLa cells was decreased after radiation in a dose dependent manner. After 6 Gy X-ray irradiation of HeLa cells, down-regulation of miR-125b increased the cell proliferation capacity, significantly reduced the expression of Bax and increased the expression of Bcl-2. miR-125b targets Foxp3 and negatively regulates Foxp3 expression. After 6 Gy X-ray irradiation of HeLa cells, down-regulation of Foxp3 significantly reduced the proliferation capacity of HeLa cells, increased the expression of Bax and decreased the expression of Bcl-2. Overexpression of miR-125b can enhance radiosensitivity of HeLa cells through Foxp3.After 6 Gy X-ray irradiation, down-regulation of Foxp3 reduced the expression of IL-10 and TGF-β in cells.Conclusions:Upregulation of miR-125b enhances the radiosensitivity of cervical cancer cells by targeting and negatively regulating Foxp3, and the mechanism of that may be related to the down-regulation of Foxp3 to reduce the expression of IL-10 and TGF-β in the cells.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885094

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of type 3 secretion system and biofilm of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in diabetic foot wound, and to analyze the relationship between these factors, as well as to the antibiotic sensitivity.Methods:Thirty-three strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were collected from the foot wounds of diabetic foot inpatients in Tianjin Medical University Chu Hsien-I Memorial Hospital from February 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018. Thirteen strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were collected from non-diabetic wounds. All strains were tested for antibiotic sensitivity. The virulence genes exoS or exoU of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and the ability of biofilm formation were tested. The characteristics of exoS or exoU and biofilm of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were analyzed. Patients′ clinical outcomes were also analyzed.Results:Pseudomonas aeruginosa with exoS gene was the major pathogen, 90.9% found in diabetic foot group and 84.6% in control group, with no significant difference( χ2=0.54, P=0.46). The drug-resistant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa with exoS accounted for 16.7% in diabetic foot group and 18.2% in control group, also with no significant difference( χ2=0.18, P=0.83). There were 5 strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa carrying exoU, 3 strains in diabetic foot group, of which 1 was resistant, 2 in control group, no resistant strain. Pseudomonas aeruginosa increased the ability of biofilm formation in diabetic foot group, accounting for 57.6%, and for resistant strains, 83.3% of them increased the biofilm formation ability. Two kinds of Pseudomonas aeruginosa produced different biofilms, but they were effectiveless for carbapenem antibiotics. The times of debridement ( P<0.01), time of antibiotic use ( P<0.01) were more in biofilm wound, but the healing rate reached 75%-90%. Conclusion:Pseudomonas aeruginosa secreting ExoS is the main one in the diabetic foot wound. The ability of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to produce biofilm in DF wound is increased. Biofilm is one reason for its antibiotic resistance. Multiple debridement combined with sensitive antibiotics is an effective method to remove biofilm.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883970

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of social support on depression-posttraumatic stress disorder(PTSD) comorbidity among people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(PLWHA).Methods:Using questionnaire to one-to-one investigate the newly-diagnosed PLWHA in Wuhan Jingyintan Hospital HIV/AIDS clinic from October 2016 to February 2019. The content of the questionnaire included general demographic characteristics, HIV-related high-risk behaviors before diagnosis, social support, depression and PTSD.Patients with depression and PTSD were collected as P+ D group.Patients without depression or PTSD were collected as N group. The statistical software was SPSS 21.0. Chi-square test, t test and rank sum test were used to compare the differences between the two groups, and multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the influencing factors of depression combined with PTSD. Results:Among 320 PLWHA, 72 subjects(22.50%) had depression with PTSD(P+ D group), 161 subjects(50.31%) had neither depression nor PTSD(N group). Between the two groups, the differences of constituent ratios of gender(χ 2=9.84), routes of infection(χ 2=11.16), whether ever used drug(χ 2=30.00)were statistically significant(all P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the scores of social support((30.64±10.90) vs (25.51±8.55)), objective social support((7.20±3.08) vs (5.76±2.24)), subjective social support((16.70±6.87) vs (14.04±5.61)) and utility of social support((6.74±2.59) vs (5.71±2.60)( t=3.56, 3.57, 2.88, 2.81, all P<0.05). The results of Logistic analysis revealed that gender as male( β=-1.48, OR= 0.23, 95% CI=0.09-0.61) was protective factor for depression co-occuring with PTSD, while lower level of social support ( β=1.40, OR=4.05, 95% CI=1.36-12.10) was a risk factor. Conclusion:The prevalence of depression co-occuring with PTSD in PLWHA is high. The influence of gender and social support should be paid more attention to PLWHA.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883947

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop health-related physical fitness measurement scale and assess its reliability and validity among older adults.Methods:The health-related physical fitness measurement scale was developed through Delphi method and field investigation method.And the authority coefficient, Kendall's coefficient and variation coefficient were analyzed.A multi-stage random sampling technique was adopted to select 410 older adults to investigate the reliability and validity of health-related physical fitness measurement scale with test-retest reliability, Cronbach's α coefficient and Guttman Split-Half coefficient and structural validity by IBM SPSS 20.0 and AMOS 22.0.Results:The health-related physical fitness measurement scale consisted of 3 dimensions (organic function, motor function, physical adaptive capacity) and 15 indexes.The Cronbach's α coefficient was 0.84.The Spearman-Brown correlation coefficient and Guttman Split-Half coefficient were both 0.82.The test-retest reliability between the first measurement and retest after 1 week was 0.84.Three factors were extracted by exploratory factor analysis, which were basically consistent with the theoretical concept of the scale, but the items of the theoretical conception were different from the actual ones.Confirmatory factor analysis based on the theoretical conception showed that all the indexes met the requirements of reference value as well(χ 2/ df=2.38, GFI=0.94, AGFI=0.91, CFI=0.92, TLI=0.91, TFI=0.92, RMSEA=0.06). Conclusion:The health-related physical fitness measurement scale has good reliability and validity in measuring the health fitness level of the elderly population in Guangzhou.

11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 357-359, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883888

ABSTRACT

In daily medical work, it is common to carry out bedside ultrasound guided puncture surgery, which is easy to miss and inconvenient to operate when transporting medical devices. The department of emergency of the First Hospital of Jiaxing designed a kind of mobile ultrasound guided puncture vehicle, and obtained the National Utility Model Patent of China (ZL 2020 2 0100473.X). The utility model includes a car body, a work table, an ultrasonic machine, a storage cell and a material basket. The side of the car body is provided with an opening, and both sides of the opening surface are provided with a turnover mechanism, and the rotation axis of the turnover plate is horizontally arranged. The utility model can facilitate the operation of puncture bags, disinfection articles, monitors, oxygen bottles and other medical equipment, and can expand the use area of the operating platform, increase the storage function and store more. This device has good practical value.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883668

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the arsenic exposure of industrial residents and its influencing factors, so as to provide scientific basis for protecting the health of industrial residents.Methods:In 2017, the samples of PM 2.5, drinking water and soil were collected by using cross-sectional survey and were tested for arsenic contents in Xigu District, Lanzhou City. The environmental arsenic exposure was analyzed by using Environmental Protection Agency of USA health risk assessment models. The levels of urinary arsenic and blood arsenic were measured in residents who included adults, children and teenagers. The internal exposure level of arsenic and its influencing factors were analyzed. The correlation between arsenic and internal and external exposure factors were also analyzed. The content of arsenic was expressed by geometric mean. Results:A total of 84 samples of PM 2.5 were collected, and the content of air arsenic was 7.53 ng/m 3. A total of 108 samples of drinking water were collected, and the content of water arsenic was 0.002 2 mg/L. A total of 40 samples of soil were collected, and the content of soil arsenic was 0.14 mg/kg. The total non-carcinogenic risk of environmental arsenic was 0.39, which was lower than the acceptable level of non-carcinogenic risk (1.00). The total carcinogenic risk of environmental arsenic was 6.59 × 10 -5. The total carcinogenic risk of arsenic was the highest through drinking water exposure and followed by the respiratory inhalation exposure, accounting for 78.60% [(5.18 × 10 -5)/(6.59 × 10 -5)] and 20.79% [(1.37 × 10 -5)/(6.59 × 10 -5)] of the total carcinogenic risk of environmental arsenic, respectively. There were 135 subjects, and 135 blood samples were collected. The content of blood arsenic was 0.92 μg/L. The level of blood arsenic of adults (1.05 μg/L) was higher than that of children and teenagers (0.75 μg/L, U = - 3.594, P < 0.05). One hundred and thirty-five urinary samples were collected, and the content of urinary arsenic was 14.17 μg/L. There was a positive correlation between urinary arsenic and blood arsenic ( r = 0.357, P < 0.05). Blood arsenic levels were positively correlated with the total carcinogenic risk and the risk of carcinogenesis through respiratory, oral and skin exposures ( r = 0.252, 0.244, 0.255, 0.255, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Arsenic in the environment of industrial areas has a potential carcinogenic risk to the residents, so the intake of arsenic in drinking water through oral exposure and respiratory inhalation exposure should be limited.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882691

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the changes of mean arterial pressure (MAP) and end expiratory carbon dioxide (ETCO 2) in patients after emergency endotracheal intubation (ETI). To explore the values of MAP and ETCO 2 monitoring in early prediction of severe cardiovascular collapse (CVC) after emergency ETI. Methods:The clinical data of adult patients who underwent ETI from March 2015 to May 2020 were collected consecutively in the emergency departments of Peking Union Medical College Hospital. The values of MAP and ETCO 2 were observed and recorded at 5, 10, 30, 60 and 120 min after intubation. According to whether severe CVC occurred after ETI, the patients were divided into the severe CVC group and non-severe CVC group. The values of MAP and ETCO 2 were compared at the same time points between the two groups and the adjacent time points within the groups. The correlation between MAP and ETCO 2 after ETI was also analyzed. ROC curve was used to analyze the ability of MAP and ETCO 2 at 5 min and 10 min after ETI to predict severe CVC. Results:Totally 116 patients were enrolled in this study, among them 75 (64.7%) cases had severe CVC after ETI. The majority were male and elderly patients in the severe CVC group. The values of MAP and ETCO 2 in 5, 10, 30, 60 and 120 min after ETI in severe CVC group were significantly lower than those in the non-severe CVC group. The values of MAP and ETCO 2 in the two groups showed simultaneous decrease from 5 min to 30 min after ETI, reached the lowest value at 30 min after ETI, and appeared the synchronous recover from then to 120 min after ETI. After ETI, the changes of MAP was correlated with that of ETCO 2 ( rs = 0.653, P<0.01). At 5 min after ETI, MAP could predict severe CVC (AUC=0.86, P<0.01), MAP≤72 mmHg was the best cutoff value (sensitivity 78.7%, specificity 87.8%); ETCO 2 could also predict severe CVC (AUC=0.85, P<0.01), and ETCO 2≤35 mmHg was the best cutoff value (sensitivity 77.3%, specificity 85.4%). At 10 min after ETI, MAP could predict severe CVC (AUC = 0.90, P<0.01), MAP≤67 mmHg was the best cutoff value (sensitivity 89.3%, specificity 85.4%), ETCO 2 could also predict severe CVC (AUC=0.87, P<0.01), and ETCO 2≤33 mmHg was the best cutoff value (sensitivity 81.3%, specificity 78.0%). There was no significant difference in the ability of prediction between any two indexes of the MAP and ETCO 2 at 5 min and 10 min after ETI ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Patients with severe CVC after ETI have early signs of decreased MAP and ETCO 2, but the delayed recognition and insufficient intervention may be related to the occurrence and development of severe CVC. MAP and ETCO 2 at the early stage after ETI have high accuracy in predicting severe CVC. MAP≤72 mmHg, ETCO 2≤35 mmHg at 5 min after intubation, MAP≤67 mmHg and ETCO 2≤33 mmHg at 10 minutes after intubation all suggest the possibility of severe CVC.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a method of evaluating the reproducibility of the preparation process of Xiaozheng-Zhitong cataplasm. Methods:Used fingerprint spectrum technology and in vitro release test to evaluate the reproducibility preparation process of Xiaozheng-Zhitong cataplasm. By using HPLC to establish the fingerprint of Xiaozheng-Zhitong cataplasm. The chromatographic column was an Agilent HC-C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm); the detection wavelength was 280 nm; the flow rate was 1 ml/min; the column temperature was 25 ℃. The mobile phase was acetonitrile-0.2% phosphoric acid aqueous solution, used gradient elution method. An HPLC method for the determination of tetrahydropalmatine content was established, and the vertical Franz diffusion cell method was used to investigate its in vitro release. Results:The results showed that the similarity between the 10 batches of Xiaozheng-Zhitong cataplasm and the control map was above 0.95, indicating that the process of Xiaozheng-Zhitong cataplasm was stable and feasible; the cumulative release amount of tetrahydropalmatine was 0.23 mg in 24 hours, and the cumulative release rate in 8 hours was 91.54%, and the RSD of 6 samples at each time point was <3%. Conclusion:The method of evaluating the reproducibility of the preparation process of Xiaozheng-Zhitong cataplasm was established by using fingerprint technology and in vitro release; it can provide a reference and scientific basis for the evaluation of the reproducibility of the preparation process of the plaster.

15.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 132-136, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882454

ABSTRACT

The prognosis of malignant tumors of the digestive system is still a matter of close attention in the medical and health field. At present, evaluating the prognosis of patients with digestive system malignant tumors is mainly based on the TNM staging of the tumor after surgery. As one of the ten characteristics of cancer, inflammatory indicators have certain guiding significance for the prognosis and treatment of patients with malignant tumors of the digestive system. As a new type of inflammation index, the systemic inflammatory response index is significantly better than other traditional inflammatory indexes in evaluating the prognosis of patients with digestive system malignant tumors. This article reviews the related studies on the systemic inflammatory response index in evaluating the prognosis of digestive system malignant tumors.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882032

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the density, populations and habitats of malaria vector Anopheles in Guizhou Province from 2005 to 2019, so as to provide the evidence for formulating the countermeasures to tackle the risk of local transmission of imported malaria in the province. Methods The malaria vector Anopheles density and populations were monitored using human bait trapping and light trapping techniques in Guizhou Province from 2005 to 2019, and all captured Anopheles was morphologically identified and counted. In addition, the distribution of Anopheles habitats was investigated. Results During the period from 2005 through 2019, the malaria vector Anopheles density increased from early June in Guizhou Province, peaked on early July and then declined, which appeared a single peak. The greatest Anopheles density was seen on early August, 2018 [57.34 mosquitoes/(person-night)], and the lowest density was found on late October, 2009 [1.29 mosquitoes/(person-night)]. The annual mean Anopheles density slowly reduced from 17.91 mosquitoes/(person-night) in 2005 to 12.34 mosquitoes/(person-night) in 2012, with a 38.02% reduction (χ2trend = 115.04, P < 0.01), while the annual mean Anopheles density showed a tendency towards a rise from 2017 to 2019 (χ2trend = 420.00, P < 0.01). The malaria vector Anopheles was captured during the period between 19 : 00 and 7 : 00 of the next day in Guizhou Province from 2017 to 2019, with the overall density appearing a tendency towards a rise followed by a decline, and the Anopheles activity was highly frequent during the period between 19 : 00 and 21 : 00. The malaria vector Anopheles was monitored for 938 times using the light trapping method in Guizhou Province from 2005 to 2019, and a total of 52 781 Anopheles mosquitoes were captured, including 49 705 An. sinensis, 804 An. minimus, 238 An. anthropophagus, and 2 034 other Anopheles mosquitoes, with a significant difference seen in the Anopheles composition (χ2 = 165.68, P < 0.01). From 2017 to 2019, a total of 24 557 Anopheles mosquitoes were captured in human housings, outdoors and livestock housings in Guizhou Province, with 67.65% captured in livestock housings and 12.01% in human housings, and there was a significant difference in the number of Anopheles mosquitoes captured from the three types of habitats (χ2 = 55.04, P < 0.01). An. sinensis, An. minimus and An. anthropophagus were captured form all three types of habitats, in which 98.07% was An. sinensis, and 0.09% was An. anthropophagus. Conclusions The population structure of malaria vector Anopheles has changed in historically malaria-endemic areas of Guizhou Province, and An. sinensis has replaced An. minimus and An. anthropophagus to become the predominant malaria vector. The malaria vector Anopheles density has shown a tendency towards a rise in Guizhou Province during the recent years, and there have been a rise in the type and number of Anopheles mosquitoes, leading to a potential risk of local transmission of imported malaria. Long-term, persistent and extensive surveillance of malaria vectors is recommended in Guizhou Province.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1653-1662, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881557

ABSTRACT

We explored the pharmacodynamic material basis and network regulatory mechanism of Fufang Yuxingcao Mixture (FYM) for the treatment of fever and inflammation. Targets of the 25 compounds in FYM were predicted according to the reverse pharmacophore method and TCMSP, UniProt database. Gene ontology (GO) function enrichment and pathway analysis of the targets was analyzed by Omicsbean software and the Kyoto Gene and Genome Encyclopedia (KEGG) database. A "compound-target-pathway-pharmacological action-effect" network was established with Cytoscape 3.6.1 software. The lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cell inflammation model was used to verify the anti-inflammatory effects of FYM and its 10 important components. The network pharmacology experiment showed that 25 compounds affected 97 pathways through 211 targets, of which 15 key targets [including RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1), insulin (INS), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), interleukin-6 (IL-6), cellular tumor antigen p53 (TP53), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), transcription factor AP-1 (JUN), caspase-3 (CASP3), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9), interleukin-8 (IL-8), prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 (PTGS2), proto-oncogene c-Fos (FOS), tyrosine-protein kinase SRC (SRC), c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 (MAPK8), estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1)] and 46 pathways (including NF-kappa B signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway, arachidonic acid metabolism, cAMP signaling pathway, T cell receptor signaling pathway, calcium signaling pathway, inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, chemokine signaling pathway, Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, etc.) were related to anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, immune regulation, and analgesia. In vitro cell experiments showed that FYM and the 10 components (including isoquercitrin, luteoloside, baicalein, wogonin, wogonoside, phillyrin, forsythoside A, chlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid A, and sweroside) could significantly reduce the expression of nitric oxide (NO), TNF-α and IL-6 in cell supernatants, indicating that the above 10 components may be the key pharmacodynamic material basis of FYM.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881079

ABSTRACT

Two new type B polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols (PPAPs) (1 and 2) and a known biogenetic precursor hyperbeanol Q (3) were isolated from the root extract of Hypericum beanii, a medicinal plant widespread in southwest China. Their chemical structures were elucidated by 1D/2D NMR and HRESIMS data analysis, and absolute configurations were determined through detailed electric circular dichroism (ECD) analysis including ECD exciton chirality, Mo

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880826

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the reliability and validity of Healthy Fitness Measurement Scale V1.0 (HFMS V1.0) for assessing healthy fitness status of college students in Guangzhou.@*METHODS@#A total of 584 college students were evaluated with HFMS V1.0. The reliability and validity of HFMS V1.0 scale were assessed for its discrimination degree, Cronbach α coefficient, split-half reliability, test-retest reliability, content validity, structural validity, calibration validity and responsiveness.@*RESULTS@#The Cronbach α of HFMS V1.0 scale was 0.893, the split-half coefficient was 0.909, and the test-retest coefficient was 0.923. The correlation coefficients of each dimension with its subscales ranged from 0.687 to 0.931. The correlation coefficient between each item and its dimension ranged from 0.558 to 0.863(@*CONCLUSIONS@#HFMS V1.0 has high reliability and validity for evaluating healthy fitness status of college students.


Subject(s)
Factor Analysis, Statistical , Health Status , Humans , Psychometrics , Reproducibility of Results , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879252

ABSTRACT

The three-dimensional (3D) liver and tumor segmentation of liver computed tomography (CT) has very important clinical value for assisting doctors in diagnosis and prognosis. This paper proposes a tumor 3D conditional generation confrontation segmentation network (T3scGAN) based on conditional generation confrontation network (cGAN), and at the same time, a coarse-to-fine 3D automatic segmentation framework is used to accurately segment liver and tumor area. This paper uses 130 cases in the 2017 Liver and Tumor Segmentation Challenge (LiTS) public data set to train, verify and test the T3scGAN model. Finally, the average Dice coefficients of the validation set and test set segmented in the 3D liver regions were 0.963 and 0.961, respectively, while the average Dice coefficients of the validation set and test set segmented in the 3D tumor regions were 0.819 and 0.796, respectively. Experimental results show that the proposed T3scGAN model can effectively segment the 3D liver and its tumor regions, so it can better assist doctors in the accurate diagnosis and treatment of liver cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL