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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879143

ABSTRACT

Pharmacology network was used to investigate the common key target and signaling pathway of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma in the protection against diabetic nephropathy(DN), diabetic encephalopathy(DE) and diabetic cardiomyopathy(DCM). The chemical components of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma were obtained through TCMSP database and literature mining, and SwissTargetPrediction database was used to predict potential targets of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma. The disease targets of DN, DE and DCM were obtained through OMIM and GeneCards databases. The overlapped targets of component targets and disease targets of DN, DE and DCM were obtained, and the network of "chemical component-target-disease" was established. The enriched GO and KEGG of the overlapped genes were investigated by using ClueGo plug-in with Cytoscape. At the same time, the PPI network was constructed through STRING database, and the common key targets for the treatment of three diseases by Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma were obtained through topological parametric mathematical analysis by Cytoscape. A total of 166 chemical components and 835 component targets were screened out from Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma. Briefly, 216, 194 and 230 disease targets of DN, DE and DCM were collected, respectively. And 54, 45 and 57 overlapped targets were identified when overlapping these disease targets with component targets of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, respectively. Enrichment analysis indicated that the AGE-RAGE signaling pathway and FoxO signaling pathway were the common pathways in the protection of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma against DN, DE and DCM. Network analysis of the overlapped targets showed that TNF, STAT3, IL6, VEGFA, MAPK8, CASP3 and SIRT1 were identified as key targets of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma against DN, DE and DCM, the selected key targets were verified by literature review, and it was found that TNF, IL6, VEGFA, CASP3 and SIRT1 had been reported in the literature. In addition, there were the most compounds corresponding to the commom core target STAT3, indicating that more compounds in Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma could regulate STAT3. This study indicated that Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma potentially protected against DN, DE and DCM through regulating AGE-RAGE signaling pathway and FoxO signaling pathway and 7 common targets including TNF, STAT3, IL6, VEGFA, MAPK8, CASP3 and SIRT1. This study provided a reference for the research of "different diseases with same treatment" and also elucidated the potential mechanism of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma against DN, DE and DCM.


Subject(s)
Brain Diseases , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Cardiomyopathies/genetics , Diabetic Nephropathies/genetics , Humans , Research Design , Signal Transduction
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879100

ABSTRACT

Indication and functions is an important key information in the research and development of the ancient classical formulas, which directly affects the clinical positioning of the compound formulas and their reasonable, effective and safe use after marke-ting. It is also the embodiment of the ultimate vitality of ancient classical formulas. Due to the particularity of ancient classical formulas, it is of great significance to accurately define and describe the functions and indications of classical formulas to exert their unqiue advantages. Based on the analysis of the provenances, classification of clinical indications, and functions of 100 prescriptions in the Catalogue of Ancient Classical Formulas(First Batch), this paper summarized the incompleteness, irregularity and inconsistency in the original text, the differences in terminology between ancient and modern times, and the evolution of the meanings of prescriptions in different dynasties. In addition, under the guidance of the general principle of textual researh on ancient classical formulas, which is to inherit the essence, make the past serve the present, link up the past and the present, and bulid consensus, this paper proposed the following ideas: respecting the original meanings and provenances of ancient classical formulas, taking full consideration of the development and evolution, serving the current clinical application and health needs, accurately linking up the ancient and modern terminologies, standardizing the expression of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) terminology, highlighting the characteristics of TCM, attaching importance to the textual research principles and suggestions of post-marketing evidence-based and clinical positioning research, so as to determine the the functions and indications of the ancient classical formulas in a scientific, standardized and reasonable way and better guide the clinical application of the classical formulas.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Oils, Volatile , Prescriptions
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879093

ABSTRACT

In this experiment, an ultra-high performance liquid chromatographytandem triple quadrupole mass spectrometry was established for the determination of caffeine in commercially available Ginkgo Folium. The samples were extracted by ultrasonic method with methanol, and separated on Waters CORTECS T3 column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 2.7 μm), with mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid solution-0.1% formic acid acetonitrile solution for gradient elution, at flow rate of 0.3 mL·min~(-1); column temperature of 30 ℃, and injection volume of 2 μL. Mass spectrometry was conducted at ESI~+ multiple reaction monitoring(MRM) mode; quantitative analysis was conducted with external standard method. The results showed that in the range of 0.099 6-9.96 ng·mL~(-1), there was a good linear relationship between the mass concentration of caffeine and the peak area, R~2=0.999; the average recovery was 84.51%, with RSD of 6.2%. The results of precision, repeatability and stability showed that the RSD was 5.1%, 5.9%, 7.2%, respectively. The content range of caffeine in 10 batches of Ginkgo Folium was 1.52-60.86 μg·kg~(-1). In conclusion, this method is accurate, reliable and reproducible, which provides a reference for the safety study of Ginkgo Folium.


Subject(s)
Caffeine , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Ginkgo biloba , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879031

ABSTRACT

It is the core of the development for Chinese patent medicine enterprises to cultivate large varieties of Chinese patent medicine, and the selection of potential "seed" products is the prerequisite for the cultivation strategy. By constructing the evaluation model from multiple dimensions of value and risk, we can conduct specialized evaluation of Chinese patent medicines to effectively, professionally and objectively select the "seed" products with large variety cultivation potential. In this paper, the establishment of a multidimensional evaluation system would be discussed from the aspects of drug naming and prescription composition, safety risk and supply guarantee of raw materials and medicinal materials, competition situation, access to policy catalogue, scientific and technological support, clinical evidence and recognition, systematical and standardized collection of information on product instructions, quality standards, policy catalogue, scientific and technological literature, market competition and clinical application of Chinese patent medicines. Through the objective evaluation index and the range of objective index, the multi-dimensional evaluation model on values and risks of Chinese patent medicine products was discussed. Based on this model, a batch of Chinese patent medicine products can be quickly and comprehensively analyzed, and quantitative comparison can be formed among different types and fields of products. According to the evaluation results of the model and the comprehensive evaluation of experts, high-quality "seed" products can be selec-ted, laying a solid foundation for the next step of large variety cultivation. With use of this model, we can further clarify the external competitive advantages and internal priority levels of each product, and provide support for enterprises to optimize product structure and improve product strategic layout.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs/adverse effects , Quality Control
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878728

ABSTRACT

Gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM)can cause blood glucose disorders in pregnant women and result in adverse maternal-neonatal outcomes.Vitamin D(VD)can improve glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity,and thus theoretically,VD supplementation during pregnancy could improve glycemic control as well as maternal-neonatal outcomes in GDM patients.Although studies have shown that VD deficiency is associated with poor maternal-neonatal outcomes in GDM patients,no solid conclusion has been drawn with regard to the effects of VD supplementation on these patients.Therefore,here we summarized the research progress of the effects of VD supplementation on glycemic control and adverse maternal-neonatal outcomes in GDM patients,in an effort to guide the clinical VD supplementation during pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Diabetes, Gestational/drug therapy , Dietary Supplements , Female , Glycemic Control , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Vitamin D
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878703

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of vitamin D supplementation on serum lipid profiles and neonatal prognosis in gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM)patients.Methods The electronic databases including PubMed,Web of Science,Embase,CNKI,and Wanfang Data were searched from inception to February 1,2020.All randomized controlled trials that compared vitamin D supplementation with placebo or without supplementation for GDM women were included.Paper selection,data extraction,meta-analysis and sensitivity analysis were conducted independently by two authors.Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool.The data were analyzed in RevMan 5.3 software and Stata 12.0.Results Totally 17 randomized controlled trials involving 1432 patients(704 in the intervention group and 728 in the control group)were included in the meta-analysis.The results showed that vitamin D supplementation significantly reduced serum total cholesterol [MD=-6.11,95% CI=(-7.17,-5.04)],low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [MD=-10.80,95% CI=(-14.72,-6.89)],and triglyceride [MD=-8.11,95% CI=(-10.09,-6.13)],while significantly increased serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 level [MD=45.45,95% CI=(41.98,48.92)] and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [MD=2.77,95% CI=(1.59,3.96)].In addition,vitamin D supplementation significantly reduced the incidence rate of hyperbilirubinemia [RR=0.49,95% CI=(0.35,0.68)],premature birth [RR=0.44,95% CI=(0.27,0.72)],and neonatal hospitalization [RR=0.44,95% CI=(0.29,0.67)].Conclusions Vitamin D supplementation may regulate the serum lipid profiles in patients with GDM and reduce the incidence of adverse neonatal outcomes.More high-quality RCTs are needed to confirm the findings in our study.


Subject(s)
Diabetes, Gestational/drug therapy , Dietary Supplements , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Premature Birth , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Vitamin D , Vitamins
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877672

ABSTRACT

The characteristics of moxibustion of the representative successors of each acupuncture and moxibustion school were analyzed, and the application and inheritance of moxibustion in


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Prunus domestica , Schools
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876710

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the dynamic expression of programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and its ligand PD-L1 at the maternal-fetal interface of mice post-infection with Toxoplasma gondii at early pregnancy and examine its interaction with interferon-γ (IFN-γ). Methods A total of 20 mice at day 0 of pregnancy were randomly assigned into 4 groups, including the 12-day pregnancy control group (12 dpn group), 12-day pregnancy and infection group (12 dpi group), 18-day pregnancy control group (18 dpn group) and 18-day pregnancy and infection group (18 dpi group), respectively. On the 6th day of the pregnancy, mice in the 12 dpi and 18 dpi groups were injected intraperitoneally with 150 tachyzoites of the T. gondii PRU strain, while mice in the 12 dpn and 18 dpn groups were injected with the same volume of PBS. All mice in the four groups were sacrificed on 12th and 18th day of the pregnancy, and the number of placenta and fetus was counted and the weight of placenta and fetus was measured. Then, the placental and uterine tissues of the pregnant mice in each group were sampled for pathological examinations. The mRNA expression of PD-1, PD-L1, T. gondii surface antigen SAG-1 and IFN-γ genes was quantified using a quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay, and the correlation between PD-1 and IFN-γ expression was examined. In addition, the 12 dpn group, 12 dpi group, 18 dpn group, 18 dpi group, PBS negative control of the 12 pdi group and PBS negative control of the 18 dpi group were assigned, and the PD-1 expression was determined in the uterine and placenta tissues of the pregnant mice. Results Adverse pregnant outcomes were seen in mice in the 12 dpi and 18 dpi groups, including placental dysplasia and fetal maldevelopment, and the placental weights and fetal body weights were significantly lower in mice in the 12 dpi and 18 dpi groups than those in the 12 dpn and 18 dpn groups (t = 5.52, 11.44, 12.63 and 11.67, all P < 0.01). The histopathological examinations showed that the decidua and junctional regions of the placental tissues were loosely connected in the 12 dpi and 18 dpi groups, and a large number of inflammatory cells infiltration and congestion were seen in the placental and uterine tissues. qPCR assay detected significant differences in PD-1, PD-L1, IFN-γ and SAG-1 expression in the placental and uterine tissues among the 12 dpn, 12 dpi, 18 dpn and 18 dpi groups (F = 22.48, 51.23, 9.61, 47.49, 16.08, 21.52, 28.66 and 238.90, all P < 0.05), and the PD-1, PD - L1, IFN - γ and SAG - 1 expression was all significantly higher in the placental and uterine tissues of mice in the 12 dpi group than in the 12 dpn group (all P values < 0.05). The PD-1 and PD-L1 expression was significantly lower in the placental tissues of mice in the 18 dpi group than in the 18 dpn group (all P values < 0.05), and the IFN-γ and SAG-1 expression was significantly higher in the placental and uterine tissues of mice in the 18 dpi group than in the 18 dpn group (all P values < 0.05), while the PD-1 and PD-L1 expression was significantly lower in the placental and uterine tissues of mice in the 18 dpi group than in the 12 dpi group (all P values < 0.05). Immunohistochemical staining showed PD-1 expression in the inflammatory cells of the placental tissues of mice in the 12 dpi group, and no apparent PD-1 expression in the 18 dpi group, while strongly positive PD-1 expression was found in the uterine epithelium of mice in the 12 dpi group, and mildly strong expression was in the 18 dpi group. In addition, the IFN-γ mRNA expression was positively correlated with the PD-1 mRNA expression in placental (rs = 0.99, P < 0.01) and uterine tissues of mice in the 12 dpi group (rs = 0.97, P < 0.01) and in placental (rs = 0.82, P < 0.01) and uterine tissues of mice in the 18 dpi group (rs = 0.81, P < 0.01). Conclusions Following T. gondii infection at early pregnancy, the PD-1 and PD-L1 expression shows a remarkable rise at middle pregnancy and a reduction at late pregnancy in placental and uterine tissues of mice, which appears the same tendency with IFN-γ expression during the same time period, and PD-1 expression positively correlates with IFN-γ expression. The dynamic expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 on the maternal-fetal interface of mice may be mutually mediated by IFN-γ induced by T. gondii infection.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 389-391, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875704

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the impact of parental conflict perception on adolescent anxiety and the therapeutic effect of family therapy on adolescent anxiety.@*Methods@#A total of 120 adolescent anxiety patients who attend the psychological clinic of the fourth renming hospital in Hefei were selected and were divided into two groups, the treatment group and control group, impact clinical medication while the treatment group recevied both clinical medication and family therapy(for three months). Parents Conflict Consciousness Scale(CPIC), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) was used to assess parents conflict consciousness of adolescent anxiety. Effects of family therapy on teenagers anxiety and CPIC, HAMA score were analyzed.@*Results@#CPIC conflict intensity, threats of cognitive conflict and content for adolescent anxiety were positively correlated with HAMA scores(r=0.26, 0.20, 0.18, P<0.05), At the end of the three-month treatment, the score on HAMA and CPIC of the treatment group (HAMA: 9.23±1.98, CPIC: 9.52±2.35) was significantly lower than that of the control group(HAMA: 14.52±2.66, CPIC:11.98±2.55)(t=11.88, 5.48, P<0.01). HAMA and CPIC scores of patients in both groups significantly decreased compared to before treatment(control group t=13.88, 16.84; treatment group t=20.50, 21.89, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Parental conflict perception shows impact on adolescent anxiety, and family therapy can reduce parental conflict perception and relieve adolescent anxiety.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873564

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of metabolic syndrome on the fertility and reproduction in model animals. Methods The model of"high fat diet for spontaneously hypertensive rats(SHR)"was adopted to construct the model of metabolic syndrome in rats. The metabolic syndrome model rats were used to mate with male and female 1 : 1 cage, and the mating cycle was 2 weeks. Results After the SHR rats were fed a high-fat diet for 10 weeks, 16 males and 15 females met the screening criteria for metabolic syndrome, with the modeling rates of 40% and 37.5%, respectively. In addition to the abnormal metabolism-related indicators(such as blood glucose, blood lipid and blood pressure), the male rats with metabolic syndrome mainly had decreased sperm motility(P < 0.05), increased sperm malformation rate(P < 0.01), and decreased mating rate(P < 0.05). In addition to abnormal metabolism-related indicators, the conception rate and the live fetal rate of the female rats with metabolic syndrome were slightly lower than that of the control group; however, there was no statistical difference. The mean birth weight of the litter was significantly lower than that of the control group(P < 0.05). Conclusion According to the whole process from mating to natural production, metabolic syndrome is determined to have a significant effect on the fertility and reproductive ability of rats.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 520-523, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873457

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the corneal biomechanical parameters alteration after phacoemulsitication with 2.4mm corneal incision within 1mo by Corvist ST.<p>METHODS: A self control study was performed. Twenty-eight age related cataract patients(56 eyes), who were in accordance with the inclusion criteria, received phacoemulsification with 2.4mm corneal incision from March to September in 2019. Corneal biomechanical parameters were measured preoperatively and postoperatively on 3d, 6d and 30d by Corvis ST.<p>RESULTS: The first applanation length(A1L), the second applanation time(A2T)and corneal thickness(CCT)were significantly different between preoperation and postoperation(<i>F</i>=10.534, 11.655, 14.734; all <i>P</i><0.05). The value of A1L on 3d postoperative was significantly increased than that on the day before operation, 6d and 30d postoperative, while the A2T value was significantly reduced(<i>P</i><0.05). But there was no different in A2L and A2T between preoperation and 6d postoperative(<i>P</i>>0.05). The value of central corneal thickness(CCT)was significantly increased on 3d and 6d postoperative compared with the preoperative parameter(<i>P</i><0.05). The value of CCT got the maximum value on the 3d after surgery, and recovered to the preoperative level on the 30d after surgery. <p>CONCLUSION: Phacoemulsitication with 2.4mm corneal incision change the corneal biomechanical preoperties. The corneal biomechanical parameters are basically recovered in the 30d postoperative.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885172

ABSTRACT

To compare the clinical features and prognosis in patients with cytomegalovirus pneumonia from other pneumonia after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). A total of 118 patients with pulmonary complications after allo-HSCT from March 2016 to June 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, who were divided into cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonia group ( n=34) and the non-CMV pneumonia group ( n=84). Compared with non-CMV pneumonia group, CMV pneumonia group presented earlier median onset time (1.8 vs.6.0 months, P=0.015) after allo-HSCT, more dyspnea (41.2% vs. 19.0%, P=0.012), hypoxemia (38.2% vs. 13.1%, P=0.006), and interstitial pneumonia (82.4% vs. 23.8%, P<0.01).The incidence of CMV-viremia and serum viral load in CMV pneumonia group were significantly higher than those in non-CMV pneumonia group. Consistently, and the development of mixed infection in CMV pneumonia group was higher than that of non-CMV pneumonia group (41.2% vs. 16.7%, P=0.013). The median follow-up time was 12.8 (0.4-46.5) months. The 1-year attributable mortality in CMV pneumonia group was significantly higher than that in non-CMV pneumonia group (26.5% vs. 10.7%, P=0.004), while the 1-year overall survival rate was significantly lower than that in non-CMV pneumonia group (61.8% vs. 85.7%, P=0.001). Reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC)( P=0.036), high flow ventilation ( P=0.033) and negative CMV-viremia ( P=0.009) were unfavorable prognostic factors of patients with CMV pneumonia. Compared with those with non-CMV pneumonia, patients with CMV pneumonia had more characteristic clinical manifestations and imaging features. However, due to the higher incidence of mixed infections, the causes of pneumonia need to be identified by bronchoscopic alveolar lavage. In conclusion, patients with CMV pneumonia have worse clinical outcome. RIC, high flow ventilation and negative CMV-viremia are adverse prognostic factors for CMV pneumonia.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885051

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of paclitaxel on the mast cell-CCL2-macrophage axis in rats with pulmonary hypertension.Methods:Thirty SPF-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 8-10 weeks, weighing 180-220 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=10 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), pulmonary hypertension group (group PH), and paclitaxel group (group PTX). The model of pulmonary hypertension was established by subcutaneous injection of monocrotaline 60 mg/kg in rats.At 25 days after establishing the models, paclitaxel 2 mg/kg was injected via the tail vein once every four days, for 4 times in total in group PTX.The equal volume of normal saline was injected in the remaining 2 groups.The mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) was performed at 40 days after establishing the model.The heart was removed and dried, the right ventricle (RV) and left ventricle plus ventricular septum (LV+ S) was weighed, and the Fulton index [RV/(LV+ S)] was calculated.The inferior lobe of left lung was taken, the ratio of media wall thickness of pulmonary vessels was calculated by HE staining, the number of Tryptase + , CD68 + , CD163 + , and Ki67 + cells was recorded by immunohistochemistry, the mean value was calculated, the percentage of Ki67-positive cells in blood vessels was recorded, and the proportion of muscularized blood vessels was calculated.The content of CCL2 was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the expression of cleaved caspase-3 and Cyclin D1 was detected by Western blot. Results:Compared with group C, the mPAP, Fulton index, ratio of media wall thickness, proportion of muscularized blood vessels, the number of Tryptase + , CD68 + and CD163 + cells and percentage of Ki67 + cells were significantly increased, and the expression of cleaved caspase-3 was down-regulated in PH and PTX groups ( P<0.05), the expression of Cyclin D1 was significantly up-regulated in group PH ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in group PTX ( P>0.05). Compared with group PH, the mPAP, Fulton index, ratio of media wall thickness, percentage of muscularized blood vessels, the number of Tryptase + , CD68 + and CD163 + cells and percentage of Ki67 + cells were significantly decreased, the expression of CCL2 and Cyclin D1 was down-regulated, and the expression of cleaved caspase-3 was up-regulated in group PTX ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which paclitaxel alleviates pulmonary hypertension is related to inhibiting the mast cell-CCL2-macrophage axis in rats.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883535

ABSTRACT

Post competency-based medical education complies to the development and philosophy of modern medicine. This paper completely illustrates how to construct a scientific and diversified assessment evaluation system guided by post competency for medical students which combines formative assessment and summative assessment. Through the objective measurement and timely feedback of various abilities of medical students, the closed-loop feedback system of assessment and evaluation can be constructed to guide the exploration and practice of teaching process in reverse.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882387

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and clinical outcomes of patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods:From July 2014 to October 2017, patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to Jiangsu Shengze Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University were enrolled retrospectively. Their demographic and baseline clinical and laboratory data were collected. The modified Rankin Scale was used to evaluate the clinical outcome at 3 months after the onset of symptoms. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent correlation between SCH and clinical outcome of patients with acute ischemic stroke. Results:A total of 200 patients with acute ischemic stroke were enrolled, including 107 males (53.5%) and 93 females (46.5%). Their age was 69.67±11.38 years. There were 45 patients (22.5%) with SCH, 160 (80.0%) with good outcomes, and 40 (20.0%) had poor outcomes. Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in the baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, stroke etiology classification and the proportion of patients with SCH between the poor outcome group and the good outcome group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that high NIHSS score (odds ratio 2.884, 95% confidence interval 2.005-4.147; P=0.001) and SCH (odds ratio 19.527, 95% confidence interval 2.334-163.386; P=0.006) were the independent risk factors for poor outcomes. Conclusion:High NIHSS score and SCH were associated with the poor outcomes at 3 months after the onset of acute ischemic stroke.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1621-1626, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881566

ABSTRACT

Hyperuricemia is not only the biochemical basis of gout, but also closely related to the development of metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular diseases, chronic kidney disease, etc. Xanthine oxidase (XOD) is the key catalytic enzyme for uric acid biosynthesis, therefore the vital target for anti-hyperuricemic drugs. In this study, compound CC18022 was designed and synthesized specifically targeting to XOD. Molecular docking analysis indicated a fairly tight binding between CC18022 and XOD. In the in vitro study, CC18022 significantly inhibited XOD activity with a half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) value in the order of nmol·L-1, which is relative to the XOD inhibitor febuxostat. By using both acute and chronic hyperuricemic mice model, compound CC18022 was found to have serum uric acid-lowering effect in a dose-dependent manner in vivo. The animal welfare and experimental processes were in accordance with the provisions of the Animal Ethics Committee of the Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. In the acute hyperuricemic mice, CC18022 significantly inhibited serum XOD activity, and also the XOD activity in intestine and liver, which were related to purine absorption and metabolism. Therefore, the novel compound CC18022 exhibited significant inhibition on XOD activity and anti-hyperuricemic effects, making it a favorable candidate for further research.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880991

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Hemorrhoidal disease (HD) is the most common proctological disease, with an estimated prevalence rate of 4.4%, and a peak in individuals between 45 and 65 years of age. This study was done to evaluate whether Lian-Zhi-San (LZS), a clinically used anti-hemorrhoidal ointment could alleviate the inflammatory injury, with its associated changes of inflammatory cytokines and morphology of anorectal tissues, in an experimental model of HD in rats.@*METHODS@#HD was induced by croton oil preparation (COP) applied to the anorectal region. Rats were then treated with cotton swabs soaked in LZS ointment, water or white vaseline, twice a day for 7 d. At the end of the experiment, HD was evaluated by measuring hemorrhoidal and biochemical parameters along with histopathological observations.@*RESULTS@#In this study, COP induced a significant increase in the macroscopic severity score, anorectal coefficient and Evans blue extravasation, compared to normal rats. Additionally, it greatly enhanced the expression and secretion levels of some important inflammation-related cytokines along with marked histological damage, compared to normal rats. Rats treated with LZS ointment experienced significantly ameliorated Evans blue extravasation (P < 0.05), decreased macroscopic severity score (0.86 ± 0.14 vs. 1.65 ± 0.16) and the anorectal coefficient (P < 0.01); its use also attenuated tissue damage and inhibited the expression and secretion levels of inflammation-related cytokines (interleukin-1β, interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α).@*CONCLUSION@#This study validates a preliminary understanding of the use of LZS ointment to treat inflammatory factors and tissue damage in an experimental model of HD in rats.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880534

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the evolution of herbal medicine in treating tuberculosis (TB) and encourage anti-TB drug discovery and development.@*METHODS@#In this study, 477 ancient traditional Chinese medicine formulae were collected from the Dictionary of Traditional Chinese Medicine Prescriptions and 172 modern Chinese medicine formulae (from 1986 to 2016) were collected by searching 4 databases: WanFang Data Knowledge Service Platform, China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database (CNKI), China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP) and Chinese Bio-medical Literature and Retrieval System (SinoMed) in Chinese. We restricted the search to publications in Chinese. Further data analysis was done using the Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Support System version 2 Software.@*RESULTS@#There were 425 herbs in the 477 ancient formulae and 257 herbs in the 172 modern formulae. Half of the top 30 herbs were shared by both modern and ancient prescriptions. They are Radix Ophiopogonis, Astragalus membranaceus, Fritillaria cirrhosa, Dried rehmannia glutinosa, Poria cocos, Angelica sinensis, Prepared rehmannia glutinosa, Platycodon Root, Radix paeoniae alba, Schisandra chinensis, Bighead atractylodes rhizome, Rhizoma anemarrhenae, Cortex lycii radicis and Radix Scutellariae. Only two groups of herbs with a high correlation coefficient were found in both modern and ancient prescriptions, the Dried rehmannia glutinosa with Radix ophiopogonis, and Radix ophiopogonis with Prepared rehmannia glutinosa. There were 9 and 15 core herb combinations in modern and ancient prescriptions, respectively, but no one was found simutaniously in both modern and ancient prescriptions.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although there were wide variations in the herb groups and herb combinations in the formulae, half of the top 30 herbs were found in both modern and ancient prescriptions. The core herb combinations in modern and ancient prescriptions could help us to improve the priscription for treatment of TB.

20.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834900

ABSTRACT

Objective@#When bike riding under the influence of alcohol, incidence of injury increases, although reports of highly severe injuries is rare. Therefore, this study aimed to determine how drinking alcohol affects bicycle injuries. @*Methods@#This study included patients who visited the emergency departments at 23 hospitals. Participants were enrolled in the emergency department-based injury in-depth surveillance program of the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, were over 15-years-old, and were injured while riding a bike either with or without alcohol intake.Patients with important data missing or insufficient data such as Excess Mortality Ratio-adjusted Injury Severity Score (EMR-ISS) were excluded from the analysis. @*Results@#A total of 28,094 patients were analyzed. The alcohol-intake group numbered 1,946 (6.9%) while the non-alcohol-intake group numbered 26,148 (93.1%). The incidence of severe injury (EMR-ISS≥25) in the alcohol-intake group was 451 (23.2%), whereas that in the non-alcohol-intake group was 2,881 (11.0%), which was statistically different between the two groups (P<0.001). According to multivariate logistic regression, the odds ratio of severe injuries in the alcohol-intake group was 2.04 (95% confidence interval, 1.80-2.30) compared to the non-alcohol-intake group after adjusting for age, alcohol use, type of road, sex, injury time, and transportation. @*Conclusion@#Alcohol is associated with an increase in the incidence of severe injuries. Therefore, as part of preventive measures, it will be necessary to tighten regulations on post-drinking bike riding and improve awareness through public relations.

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