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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 638-643, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922879

ABSTRACT

A large number of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) in tumor tissues create a favorable environment for the development of tumor. CAFs inhibit immune cells activation and viability by cytokine secretion, and CAFs prohibit drugs and immune cells infiltration by producing extracellular matrix to weaken cancer treatment efficacy. Regulating CAFs or overcoming CAFs barriers are new strategies for cancer therapy. Hence, designing nano-carriers for regulating CAFs to suppress tumor progression or promoting drug delivery to tumor site by overcoming CAFs barriers has attracted much attention. Therefore, this manuscript reviewed the recent progresses of nano-carriers for CAFs-targeting cancer therapies, in order to provide a reference for clinical cancer treatment.

2.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 368-369, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909759

ABSTRACT

POEMS syndrome is a rare clinical disease associated with plasma cell diseases.Classic pentalogy includes: multiple peripheral neuropathy, organ enlargement, endocrine disorders, M-proteinemia and skin lesions.Due to its rarity, multiple system involvement and high clinical heterogeneity, the missed diagnosis rate and misdiagnosis rate are high.This paper reports a case of M protein negative POEMS syndrome with ascites as the prominent manifestation.

3.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 389-394, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907189

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation of the expression of forkhead transcription factor O1 (FOXO1) with clinicopathological features and the prognosis in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).Methods:The data of 42 patients newly diagnosed with DLBCL in Hebei General Hospital admitted from June 2012 to January 2020 were collected. The expressions of FOXO1, phosphorylated FOXO1 (p-FOXO1) in DLBCL tissues were detected by using immunohistochemistry. The association of FOXO1 expression with clinicopathological features and the prognosis in DLBCL patients was retrospectively analyzed.Results:The positive rate of FOXO1 was 42.9% (18/42) and the positive rate of p-FOXO1 was 28.6% (12/42) in DLBCL tissues. There were no statistically significant differences in the positive rates of FOXO1 and p-FOXO1 among patients stratified by gender, age, Ann Arbor staging, immunophenotype, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group score, lactate dehydrogenase, international prognostic index, β 2-microglobulin (β 2-MG) and primary sites (all P > 0.05). The positive rate of FOXO1 in patients with non-B symptoms was higher than that in those with B symptoms [53.6% (15/28) vs. 21.4% (3/14), χ2=3.938, P=0.047], and there was no statistically significant difference in the positive rate of p-FOXO1 among patients with or without B symptoms ( P > 0.05). The 2-year overall survival (OS) rate in FOXO1 positive group was higher than that in FOXO1 negative group (90.9% vs. 66.7%), the 2-year OS rate in p-FOXO1 positive group was lower than that in p-FOXO1 negative group (50.0% vs. 85.0%), and the differences were not statistically significant (all P > 0.05). Among patients without B symptoms, the 2-year OS rate in FOXO1 positive group was higher than that in FOXO1 negative group (100.0% vs. 50.0%, χ2=5.486, P=0.019). Among patients with primary lymph node, elevated β 2-MG and non-B symptoms, the 2-year OS rate in p-FOXO1 negative expression group was higher than that in p-FOXO1 positive group (100.0% vs. 50.0%, 100.0% vs. 25.0%, 91.7% vs. 33.3%), and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:FOXO1 may be involved in the development and progression of DLBCL, and FOXO1 positive expression may indicate the good prognosis of patients. These results suggest that p-FOXO1 positive expression may be related with poor prognosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879108

ABSTRACT

Nitrogen fertilizers play an important role in the regulation of plant stress resistance. Impacts of nitrogen fertilizers on abiotic stress resistance and biotic stress resistance of Chinese materia medica(CMM) were summarized in this study. Adequate nitrogen application improves the abiotic stress resistance and weed resistance of CMM, however adverse effect appears when excess nitrogen is used. Generally, pest resistance decreases along with nitrogen deposition, while effects of nitrogen application on disease resistance vary with different diseases. Mechanisms underlying the impact of nitrogen fertilizers on plant stress resistance were also elucidated in this study from three aspects including physical defense mechanisms, biochemistry mechanisms and molecular defense mechanisms. Nitrogen availability modulates physical barrier of CMM like plant growth, formation of lignin and wax cuticle, and density of stomata. Growth of CMM promoted by nitrogen fertilizer may cause some decrease in pest resistance of CMM due to an increase in hiding places for pest along with plant growth. High ambient humidity caused by excessive plant growth facilitates the growth and development of CMM pathogen. Nitrogen application can also interfere with the accumulation of lignin in CMM which makes CMM more vulnerable to pest and pathogen attack. Stomatal closing delays due to nitrogen application is also a causal factor of increasing pathogen infection after nitrogen deposition. Biochemical defenses of plants are mainly achieved through nutrient elements, secondary metabolites, defense-related enzymes and proteins. Nutritional level of CMM and various antioxidant enzymes and resistance-related protein activities are elevated along with nitrogen deposition. These antioxidant enzymes can reduce the damage of reactive oxygen species content produced by plant in response to adversity and therefore enhance stress resistance of CMM. Researches showed that nitrogen application could also cause an increase in nitrogen-containing secondary metabolites content and a decrease in non-nitrogen-containing secondary metabolites content respectively. Nitrogen-mediated molecular defense mechanisms includes multiple plant hormones and nitric oxide signals. Plant hormones related to plant defense like salicylic acid, jasmonic acid and abscisic acid can be modulated by nitrogen application. Negative effect of nitrogen deposition was found on salicylic acid accumulation and the expression of related plant disease resistance genes. However, jasmonic acid level can be elevated by nitrogen. Nitric oxide signals constitute an important part of nitrogen mediated defense mechanisms. Nitric oxide signaling is related to many aspects of plant immunity. The roles of nitrogen fertilizers in CMM stress resistance are complex and may vary with different CMM varieties and environments. Further studies are urgently needed to provide a comprehensive understanding of how to improve stress resistance of CMM by using fertilizers.


Subject(s)
Abscisic Acid , China , Materia Medica , Nitrogen , Plant Growth Regulators
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879106

ABSTRACT

Nitrogen fertilizer has been the long-lasting crucial component in cultivation of Chinese materia medica(CMM) and crops for its profound effects on enhancing the productivity. In consideration of its role in better production, intensive and excessive application of N fertilizer is often found in CMM cultivation. Therefore, firstly, this review summarized various concentrations of N application with regards to different CMM and districts from the literatures published in the last two decades. The recommended concentration of nitrogen application of forty seven CMM species were covered in this review. We found that the optimum rates of nitrogen fertili-zer for different medicinal plants species were varied in the range between 0-1 035.55 kg·hm~(-2). Most of the optimum rates of nitrogen fertilizer for CMM in published researches fell between 100-199 kg·hm~(-2). The optimum rate of nitrogen fertilizer is not only related to amount of nitrogen required for different medicinal plants but also to soil fertilities of different fields. In addition, we outlined the diffe-rent effects of proper and excessive nitrogen deposition on yield of CMM. Proper nitrogen deposition benefits the yield of CMM, howe-ver, excessive nitrogen use accounts for a decrease in CMM yield. We elucidated that nutritional content, water use efficiencies, and photosynthesis capacity were major influencing factors. Researches showed that proper nitrogen fertilizer could promote the water use efficiencies of plants and boost photosynthesis. Consequently, the yield of CMM can be enhanced after nitrogen deposition. However, negative effects of nitrogen fertilizer were also found on plant including producing toxic substances to the soil and causing severe pest damages. Lastly we analyzed the impact of N fertilizer application on secondary metabolites which accounts for a large part of active pharmaceutical ingredients of CMM. It usually caused an increase in nitrogen-containing secondary metabolites content and a decrease in non-nitrogen-containing secondary metabolites content respectively. The potential underlying mechanisms are the different synthetic pathways of these metabolites and the plant nutritional status. Synthesis of non-nitrogen-containing secondary metabolites like phenols can be inhibited after nitrogen application because of the competition of the same precursor substances between metabolites synthesis and plant growth. To sum up, impacts and mechanisms of nitrogen fertilizer on yield and quality enhancement of CMM were discussed in this review. Negative effects of excessive nitrogen application on CMM should be paid special attention in CMM cultivation and prescription fertilization based on the field soil quality is strongly recommended. Overall, this review aims to provides insights on improving the proper application of N fertilizer in the cultivation of CMM.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , China , Fertilizers , Materia Medica , Nitrogen/analysis , Soil
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888002

ABSTRACT

According to the records of Chinese materia medica,Coptis chinensis var. brevisepala is an authentic Chinese medicinal plant highly recommended by ancient physicians since its rhizome is like a string of beads and has a good medicinal value. However,its medicinal components and values remain to be studied as it is endangered because of overexploitation. Therefore,this study aims to quantitatively determine its effective components based on UPLC-QTOF-MS,and to compare the contents of isoquinoline alkaloids in C.chinensis var. brevisepala with those in other Coptis species. Meanwhile,molecular methods accurately identified 12 batches of C. chinensis var. brevisepala,9 batches of C. chinensis,4 batches of C. deltoidea,and 1 batch of C. teeta. Gradient elution was performed with Waters CORTECS C18 column( 4. 6 mm× 150 mm,2. 7 μm) and the mobile phase acetonitrile-water with 0. 4% formic acid. Mass spectrometry was conducted in ESI positive mode. The quantitative results showed that 8 main alkaloids had a good linear relationship within the concentration range( R~2>0. 996),with the recovery rate of 95. 18%-105. 0% and the RSD of 0. 28%-3. 7%. Compared with that of other Coptis species,the rhizome of C. chinensis var. brevisepala had the highest contents of berberine and columbamine. The total content of the 8 alkaloids in C. chinensis var. brevisepala was similar to that in C. chinensis but higher than that of the other two species. PCA was performed to compare the alkaloids among the 4 species. Besides,the 8 alkaloids were evaluated in different parts of C. chinensis var. brevisepala. The results indicate that this method is reliable and efficient and can provide a reference for the quality research.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Berberine Alkaloids , China , Coptis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/analysis , Plants, Medicinal
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888001

ABSTRACT

Coptidis Rhizoma is a common Chinese medicinal in clinical practice,with the effects of clearing heat,drying dampness,purging fire,and removing toxin. All the medicinal plants of Coptis can be used for clinical treatment,but some species are endangered due to resource destruction and difficulty in planting. The dominant medicinal components in Coptidis Rhizoma are isoquinoline alkaloids. There are various methods for the analysis and detection of alkaloids,such as LC-MS,HPLC,and TLC,among which LC-MS is the most widely applied. Different plants of Coptis vary in the kind and content of alkaloids. C. chinensis,C. deltoidea,C. teeta,C. chinensis var. brevisepala,C. omeiensis,C. quinquefolia,and C. quinquesecta mainly contain berberine,palmatine,coptisine,jatrorrhizine,and columbamine,five effective alkaloid components. Plant isoquinoline alkaloids( PIAs) have strong pharmacological activity but are difficult to prepare. The application of synthetic biology of PIAs will be helpful for the clinical application of PIAs. This paper reviews the research progress on biological resources of Coptis species and structures of alkaloids as well as analysis methods and synthetic biology for isoquinoline alkaloids in the medicinal plants of Coptis in recent years,which will facilitate the protection of Coptis medicinal resources and the application and development of alkaloids.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Berberine , Berberine Alkaloids , Coptis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Isoquinolines , Rhizome
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1963-1966, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922232

ABSTRACT

Platelets are key participants in many pathophysiological processes, play a broad role in tissue regeneration and repair, and interact closely with tumor cells. Platelets have active and passive migration in the human body, and they play different biological meanings, including antimicrobial host defense, inflammation, autoimmune response, tumor growth and metastasis, etc. Therefore, in-depth understanding of the structure and function of platelets, and targeted platelets as biomarkers have become particularly important in the field of modern medical research and treatment. This review provides an overview of platelet physiology, focusing on the biological characteristics of platelet polarity movement and its significance in diseases.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Hemostasis , Humans , Inflammation
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 415-424, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878071

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The current deep learning diagnosis of breast masses is mainly reflected by the diagnosis of benign and malignant lesions. In China, breast masses are divided into four categories according to the treatment method: inflammatory masses, adenosis, benign tumors, and malignant tumors. These categorizations are important for guiding clinical treatment. In this study, we aimed to develop a convolutional neural network (CNN) for classification of these four breast mass types using ultrasound (US) images.@*METHODS@#Taking breast biopsy or pathological examinations as the reference standard, CNNs were used to establish models for the four-way classification of 3623 breast cancer patients from 13 centers. The patients were randomly divided into training and test groups (n = 1810 vs. n = 1813). Separate models were created for two-dimensional (2D) images only, 2D and color Doppler flow imaging (2D-CDFI), and 2D-CDFI and pulsed wave Doppler (2D-CDFI-PW) images. The performance of these three models was compared using sensitivity, specificity, area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), positive (PPV) and negative predictive values (NPV), positive (LR+) and negative likelihood ratios (LR-), and the performance of the 2D model was further compared between masses of different sizes with above statistical indicators, between images from different hospitals with AUC, and with the performance of 37 radiologists.@*RESULTS@#The accuracies of the 2D, 2D-CDFI, and 2D-CDFI-PW models on the test set were 87.9%, 89.2%, and 88.7%, respectively. The AUCs for classification of benign tumors, malignant tumors, inflammatory masses, and adenosis were 0.90, 0.91, 0.90, and 0.89, respectively (95% confidence intervals [CIs], 0.87-0.91, 0.89-0.92, 0.87-0.91, and 0.86-0.90). The 2D-CDFI model showed better accuracy (89.2%) on the test set than the 2D (87.9%) and 2D-CDFI-PW (88.7%) models. The 2D model showed accuracy of 81.7% on breast masses ≤1 cm and 82.3% on breast masses >1 cm; there was a significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.001). The accuracy of the CNN classifications for the test set (89.2%) was significantly higher than that of all the radiologists (30%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The CNN may have high accuracy for classification of US images of breast masses and perform significantly better than human radiologists.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chictr.org, ChiCTR1900021375; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=33139.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Breast/diagnostic imaging , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , China , Deep Learning , Humans , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877623

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) complicated with angina pectoris of coronary heart disease between the combined therapy of acupuncture and western medication and the simple administration of western medication.@*METHODS@#A total of 134 patients with T2DM and angina pectoris of coronary heart disease were randomly divided into two groups, i.e. an acupuncture plus medication group (67 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a medication group (67 cases, 4 cases dropped off). The routine western medication was used according to symptoms in the patients of both groups. In the acupuncture plus medication group, on the base of medication, acupuncture was applied to Jianshi (PC 5), Quchi (LI 11), Neiguan (PC 6), etc. The needles were retained for 20 min in each treatment and 3 treatments of acupuncture were required weekly. The treatment was given consecutively for 8 weeks in the two groups. Separately, before and after treatment, the symptom scores of TCM were observed and the indexes were detected, including glycolipid metabolism [fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2-h plasma glucose (2hPG), glucosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), triacylglycerol (TG) and total cholesterol (TC)], islet β cell function [homeostasis model assessment-β (HOMA-β), homeostasis model assessment-IR (HOMA-IR), fasting insulin (FINS) and insulin sensitivity index (ISI)], cardiac function indexes [cardiac output (CO), early diastolic peak velocity/late diastolic peak velocity (E/A), left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)], as well as electrocardiogram QT dispersion (QTd). Besides, the clinical therapeutic effects were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the TCM symptom scores and the values of FPG, 2hPG, HbA1c, TG, TC, HOMA-IR, FINS, E/A and LVEDD as well as QTd were all lower than those before treatment in the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The combined therapy of acupuncture and medication is effective in treatment of T2DM complicated with angina pectoris of coronary heart disease. Such therapy effectively improves glucolipid metabolism, islet β cell function, cardiac function and myocardial blood supply. Its curative effect is better than the simple administration of western medicine.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Angina Pectoris/etiology , Blood Glucose , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Humans , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878726

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of dexmedetomidine(Dex)on sevoflurane-induced cognitive impairment in neonatal rats through Wnt signaling pathway. Methods Sixty 7-day-old SD rats were assigned into five groups:control group(without any intervention),Dex group(intraperitoneal injection of 25 μg/kg Dex),sevoflurane group(3% sevoflurane treatment for 4 hours),sevoflurane+Dex group(inhalation of 3% sevoflurane after injection of 25 μg/kg Dex for 4 hours),and sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group(Wnt inhibitor XAV393 and 25 μg/kg Dex were injected and 3% sevoflurane was inhaled for 4 hours).Three weeks later,Morris water maze was used to detect the cognitive function;TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling(TUNEL)staining was performed to detect the apoptosis of hippocampal neurons;neuronal nuclei (NeuN) staining was conducted to detect the survival of hippocampal neurons;Western blot was carried out to detect the expression of apoptosis-related proteins.The expression of the factors involved in Wnt/GSK-3β/β-catenin signaling pathway was detected by fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction,and Western blot. Results Compared with the control group,there was no significant difference in the escape latency of Dex group(t=0.304,P=0.768);the escape latency in sevoflurane group(t=5.823,P=0.002),sevoflurane+Dex group(t=3.188,P=0.010),and sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group(t=5.784,P=0.002)was significantly prolonged.Compared with that in the sevoflurane group,the escape latency in sevoflurane+Dex group(t=3.646,P=0.005)was significantly shortened.Compared with that in sevoflurane+Dex group,the escape latency in sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group(t=3.296,P=0.008)was prolonged.Compared with that in the control group,the times of crossing platform in sevoflurane group(t=5.179, P=0.004),sevoflurane+Dex group(t=2.309,P=0.043),and sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group(t=3.871, P=0.003)decreased.Compared with that in sevoflurane group,the times of crossing platform in sevoflurane+Dex group(t=3.296,P=0.008)significantly increased.Compared with that in sevoflurane+Dex group,the times of crossing platform in sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group(t=2.361, P=0.041)reduced.Compared with the control group,there was no significant difference in the number of apoptotic cells in Dex group(t=1.920,P=0.127),and the number of apoptotic cells in sevoflurane group,sevoflurane+Dex group,and sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group increased by 16%(t=13.436,P=0.002),5%(t=7.752, P=0.001),and 11.5%(t=12.612,P=0.002),respectively.Compared with that in the sevoflurane group,the number of apoptotic cells in sevoflurane+Dex group and sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group decreased by 11%(t=8.521,P=0.002)and 5.5%(t=3.123,P=0.036),respectively.Compared with that in the sevoflurane+Dex group,the number of apoptotic cells in sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group increased by 6.5%(t=6.250,P=0.003).Compared with that in the control group,the number of positive cells in 0.15 mm


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Cognitive Dysfunction/chemically induced , Dexmedetomidine/pharmacology , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sevoflurane/toxicity , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin/metabolism
12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 51-56, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798863

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of concomitant carcinoma in situ (CCIS) on tumor survival for the upper tract urinary carcinoma (UTUC) through systematic review and meta-analysis.@*Methods@#In the light of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines, a systematic search of Web of Science, PubMed and EMBASE China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Wanfang database by key words "upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma" "renal sputum cancer" "concomitant carcinoma in situ" , and "radical ureterectomy" were performed for all reports that included detailed results on the predictors of CCIS. The search deadline is June 2019, and the search terms are English and Chinese. Methodological quality evaluation was performed using the QUIPS tool, and statistical analysis of the relevant data was performed using Stata 12.0 and RevMan 5.3 software.@*Results@#Sixteen articles were included in this study and all published between 2012 and 2019. A total of 11 131 patients with UTUC, including 1 774 (15.9%) patients with CCIS. According to our final results, there was a significant correlation of CCIS with worse cancer-specific survival (CSS) (HR=1.10, 95%CI 1.05-1.16, P<0.001), recurrence-free survival (RFS) (HR=1.15, 95%CI 1.09-1.21, P<0.001) and overall survival (OS) (HR=1.10, 95%CI 1.03-1.17, P=0.003). Begg′s bias analysis showed no significant publication bias in CSS (P=0.822), RFS (P=0.348), and OS (P=0.452).@*Conclusions@#This study demonstrated that CCIS was associated with poor oncological outcome and could serve as a independent prognostic factor for patient with UTUC after radical nephroureterectomy.

13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 51-56, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869591

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of concomitant carcinoma in situ (CCIS) on tumor survival for the upper tract urinary carcinoma (UTUC) through systematic review and meta-analysis.Methods In the light of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines,a systematic search of Web of Science,PubMed and EMBASE China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Wanfang database by key words "upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma"" renal sputum cancer concomitant carcinoma in situ",and "radical ureterectomy" were performed for all reports that included detailed results on the predictors of CCIS.The search deadline is June 2019,and the search terms are English and Chinese.Methodological quality evaluation was performed using the QUIPS tool,and statistical analysis of the relevant data was performed using Stata 12.0 and RevMan 5.3 software.Results Sixteen articles were included in this study and all published between 2012 and 2019.A total of 11 131 patients with UTUC,including 1 774 (15.9%) patients with CCIS.According to our final results,there was a significant correlation of CCIS with worse cancer-specific survival (CSS) (HR =1.10,95% CI 1.05-1.16,P < 0.001),recurrence-free survival (RFS) (HR =1.15,95% CI 1.09-1.21,P<0.001) and overall survival (OS) (HR=1.10,95%CI 1.03-1.17,P=0.003).Begg's bias analysis showed no significant publication bias in CSS (P =0.822),RFS (P =0.348),and OS (P =0.452).Conclusions This study demonstrated that CCIS was associated with poor oncological outcome and could serve as a independent prognostic factor for patient with UTUC after radical nephroureterectomy.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865840

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the teaching of medical record writing based on tutorial system.Methods:The tutors and residents in standardization training both scored the medical record. The observation indexes included the difference of scoring time between the two editions, the difference of scoring value between tutors and doctors, the distribution of deduction points in medical record writing, and the change trend of medical record score in one year.Results:The scoring value of tutors was significantly lower than that of residents undergoing standardization training ( t=8.919, P<0.05); the deduction of medical records was mainly in the aspects of history of present illness, physical examination, diagnosis and analysis, and treatment plan. After one year of implementation, the score of tutors increased, while that of residents decreased. Conclusion:This method can effectively improve the teaching quality of medical record writing and the ability of residents to discerning problems in medical record writing.

15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1804-1810, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879975

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical characteristics, genetic abnormalities, treatment efficacy and prognostic factors in patients with plasma cell leukemia(PCL).@*METHODS@#30 patients diagnosed as PCL in our hospital from January 1993 to December 2019 were enrolled, and the clinical characteristics, laboratory findings, therapeutic regimes, and survival data of the patients were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median age of the 30 patients was 56.5 (28-80) years old, among them, 25 patients were primary plasma cell leukemia, and 5 patients were secondary plasma cell leukemia. Complex karyotypes and subdiploids were most common in cytogenetic abnormalities. Among the 20 cases of chromosome G banding, 11 (55%) cases were complex karyotypes and 8 (40%) cases were hypodiploid. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) test showed that among 11 cases, 6 cases showed 17p13 deletion, 8 cases showed at least two kinds of abnormalities, which including t (14; 16), t (8; 14), t (11;14), 17p13 deletion, and 13q14 deletion. The median overall survival (OS) time was 10.5 months for all patients. The median OS time of the patients in ECOG score ≤ 2 group was 21.5 months, which was significantly longer than those in the ECOG score>2 group(1.2 months) (P=0.017). The median OS time of the patients treated with novel agents (including proteasome inhibitor and/or immunomodulator) was 24.9 months, which was significantly longer than the patients treated with traditional chemotherapy group(10.5 months) (P<0.001). For the patients treated with novel agents, the median OS time of patients accepted two novel agents combination was 30.9 months, which was longer than those of single novel agent(11.5 months) (P=0.021). The effect of genetic abnormolity to the OS of the patients showed no statistical difference. Multivariate statistical analysis showed that ECOG score>2 was the independent prognostic factor of plasma cell leukemia patients. There were two patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the study,but died due to the pulmonary infection within 6 months after transplantation.@*CONCLUSION@#In the era of novel agents, ECOG score is an independent prognostic factor of plasma cell leukemia. Multiple novel agents treatment should be underwent as soon as possible to improve the prognosis of the patients. Pulmonary infection is a common factor that cause the death of the patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Leukemia, Plasma Cell/genetics , Middle Aged , Patients , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847808

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Topical tranexamic acid in cemented total knee arthroplasty has been shown to significantly reduce perioperative blood loss, thereby reducing the need for blood transfusion. However, few studies have focused on whether the hemostatic effect of topical tranexamic acid is still effective under the mixed fixation mode (femoral prosthesis compression fixation, tibial prosthesis bone cement fixation). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of topical tranexamic acid on blood loss after total knee arthroplasty using hybrid fixation. METHODS: From January 2017 to December 2018, 208 patients receiving primary total knee arthroplasty were retrospectively collected. Among these patients, 132 patients in the hybrid fixation group (First Affiliated Hospital of the Fourth Military Medical University) underwent total knee arthroplasty using hybrid fixation, and 76 patients in the cemented fixation group (Affiliated Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Southwest Medical University) received total knee arthroplasty with cemented fixation. These patients were sub-classified based on whether or not receiving topical tranexamic acid. The 24-hour drainage volume, blood transfusion rate, the difference in preoperative and postoperative hemoglobin levels, and complications were taken into account for assessing the hemostatic effect of topical tranexamic acid. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Among all the patients and patients having hybrid fixation, there was no significant difference in age, gender, body mass index, and operation duration between the patients treated with and without tranexamic acid (P > 0.05). (2) Topical tranexamic acid significantly decreased drainage volume, blood loss, and blood transfusion rate whether patients received hybrid fixation or cemented fixation (P < 0.05). In the hybrid fixation group, patients receiving topical tranexamic acid had remarkably lower drainage volume, blood loss, and blood transfusion rate than patients without topical tranexamic acid. Meanwhile, overall blood loss in the hybrid fixation group was a little higher than that in the cemented fixation group. (3) No severe complications such as thrombosis or rejection were reported in both groups. (4) In conclusion, topic tranexamic acid is as effective in decreasing blood loss and blood transfusion rate for total knee arthroplasty with hybrid fixation as with cemented fixation.

17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 634-637, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821112

ABSTRACT

Objective By analyzing the epidemic characteristics and related indicators of SARS (2003) and COVID-19(2020), to explore the reasons for the similarities and differences of the two epidemics, so as to provide reference for epidemic prevention and control. Methods The general situation, clinical classification, activity history, contact history, family members’ contact and incidence of the two infectious diseases in Guangzhou were collected and used to analyze the time characteristics, occupational characteristics, age characteristics and other key indicators of the two diseases, including the number of cases, composition ratio (%), mean, median, crude mortality, etc. Results A total of 1 072 cases of SARS (2003) were included in the study. 353 of which were severe cases with the incidence of 30.13%. 43 cases of death were reported with a mortality rate of 4.01%. The average age was 46 years old, and 26.31% of the cases were medical staff. The interval time between first report to continuous zero reports was 129 days. As to COVID-19 (2020), a total of 346 cases were included. 58 of which were severe cases with the incidence of 16.67%. One case of death was reported with a mortality rate of 0.29%. The average age was 38 years old, and no hospital infection among medical staff was reported. The interval time between first report to continuous zero reports was 35 days. Conclusions The prevention and control strategies for COVID-19 (2010) are more effective compared to that of SARS (2003), and the emergency response procedures are worth to be evaluated and summarized.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical features and outcome of neonatal acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in southwest Hubei, China.@*METHODS@#According to the Montreux definition of neonatal ARDS, a retrospective clinical epidemiological investigation was performed on the medical data of neonates with ARDS who were admitted to Department of Neonatology/Pediatrics in 17 level 2 or level 3 hospitals in southwest Hubei from January to December, 2017.@*RESULTS@#A total of 7 150 neonates were admitted to the 17 hospitals in southwest Hubei during 2017 and 66 (0.92%) were diagnosed with ARDS. Among the 66 neonates with ARDS, 23 (35%) had mild ARDS, 28 (42%) had moderate ARDS, and 15 (23%) had severe ARDS. The main primary diseases for neonatal ARDS were perinatal asphyxia in 23 neonates (35%), pneumonia in 18 neonates (27%), sepsis in 12 neonates (18%), and meconium aspiration syndrome in 10 neonates (15%). Among the 66 neonates with ARDS, 10 neonates (15%) were born to the mothers with an age of ≥35 years, 30 neonates (45%) suffered from intrauterine distress, 32 neonates (49%) had a 1-minute Apgar score of 0 to 7 points, 24 neonates (36%) had abnormal fetal heart monitoring results, and 21 neonates (32%) experienced meconium staining of amniotic fluid. Intraventricular hemorrhage was the most common comorbidity (12 neonates), followed by neonatal shock (9 neonates) and patent ductus arteriosus (8 neonates). All 66 neonates with ARDS were treated with mechanical ventilation in addition to the treatment for primary diseases. Among the 66 neonates with ARDS, 10 died, with a mortality rate of 15% (10/66), and 56 neonates were improved or cured, with a survival rate of 85% (56/66).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Neonatal ARDS in southwest Hubei is mostly mild or moderate. Perinatal asphyxia and infection may be the main causes of neonatal ARDS in this area. Intraventricular hemorrhage is the most common comorbidity. Neonates with ARDS tend to have a high survival rate after multimodality treatment.


Subject(s)
China , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Meconium Aspiration Syndrome , Pregnancy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Retrospective Studies
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827939

ABSTRACT

Wild Angelica sinensis is almost endangered, studying the biological characteristics of wild A. sinensis seeds is helpful for varietal improvement and its conservation. This paper systematically studied the morphological structure, thousand seed weight, viability, storage and other basic biological characteristics of wild A. sinensis fruits and seeds, and focused on the germination of excised embryos,the development of embryo, the effects of the temperature,light and hormones on seed germination.The study found that:①The embryos are not fully developed when harvested, the initial germination rate was low, the embryos can develop. After 15 days of low temperature storage, the embryos can develop completely and the germination rate is significantly increased. These results show that wild A. sinensis seeds have no dormancy, and the low germination rate is due to the low maturity of wild A. sinensis seeds. ②The sui-table germination temperature of wild A. sinensis is 15-25 ℃,and the optimal temperature is 20 ℃. Light does not affect the germination of A. sinensis seeds.③The applicable concentration of GA_3 can promote seeds germination, IAA and 6-BA has no significant effect on germination.④The optimum storage condition is dry storage at 4 ℃. Wild A. sinensis seeds can be stored for 1.5 years and cultivated seeds can be stored for 1 year.During the introduction and conservation, the best treatment conditions were dry storage at 4 ℃ for 30 d and soaking seeds with 200 mg·L~(-1) GA_3, the germination rate can reach 86.7%.


Subject(s)
Angelica sinensis , Cold Temperature , Germination , Seeds , Temperature
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801846

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish the method for determining the content of Polygalae Radix (3,6'-disinapoylsucrose) and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (glycyrrhizic acid) in Fufang Jiegeng Zhike Pian,so as to know the overall quality condition of Fufang Jiegeng Zhike Pian and ensure the safety and effectiveness of public medication. Method: HPLC was performed of MG C18 chromatographic column (4.6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) and mobile phase acetonitrile-0.05% phosphoric acid solution were used to test Polygalae Radix (3,6'-disinapoylsucrose) and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (glycyrrhizic acid),with the sample amount of 20 μL,flow rate of 1.0 mL·min-1,and column temperature of 30℃,where the mobile phase acetonitrile-0.05% phosphoric acid solution and detection wavelength were 18:82 and 320 nm for Polygalae Radix (3,6'-disinapoylsucrose) and 35:65 and 250 nm for Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (glycyrrhizic acid). Result: 3,6'-Disinapoylsucrose and glycyrrhizic acid presented high linearity with the peak area at 0.105 8-2.643 8 μg(r=0.999 5) and 0.077 0-5.773 0 μg (r=1.000 0) respectively,and the average recovery rate was 96.2%(RSD 1.2%) and 95.6%(RSD 0.9%). After content determination of Polygalae Radix and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma in 178 batches of samples,it was found that some producers input no,only a few or even poor medicinal materials (medicinal slices) during production,and the quality varied a lot among products from different producers and products of different batches from a same producer. Conclusion: The method is simple,accurate,and highly reproducible and sensitive,providing scientific basis for the overall quality control of Fufang Jiegeng Zhike Pian.

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