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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 110-132, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011228

ABSTRACT

The aqueous two-phase system (ATPS) is an all-aqueous system fabricated from two immiscible aqueous phases. It is spontaneously assembled through physical liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) and can create suitable templates like the multicompartment of the intracellular environment. Delicate structures containing multiple compartments make it possible to endow materials with advanced functions. Due to the properties of ATPSs, ATPS-based drug delivery systems exhibit excellent biocompatibility, extraordinary loading efficiency, and intelligently controlled content release, which are particularly advantageous for delivering drugs in vivo. Therefore, we will systematically review and evaluate ATPSs as an ideal drug delivery system. Based on the basic mechanisms and influencing factors in forming ATPSs, the transformation of ATPSs into valuable biomaterials is described. Afterward, we concentrate on the most recent cutting-edge research on ATPS-based delivery systems. Finally, the potential for further collaborations between ATPS-based drug-carrying biomaterials and disease diagnosis and treatment is also explored.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2679-2698, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981372

ABSTRACT

Cytisine derivatives are a group of alkaloids containing the structural core of cytisine, which are mainly distributed in Fabaceae plants with a wide range of pharmacological activities, such as resisting inflammation, tumors, and viruses, and affecting the central nervous system. At present, a total of 193 natural cytisine and its derivatives have been reported, all of which are derived from L-lysine. In this study, natural cytisine derivatives were classified into eight types, namely cytisine type, sparteine type, albine type, angustifoline type, camoensidine type, cytisine-like type, tsukushinamine type, and lupanacosmine type. This study reviewed the research progress on the structures, plant sources, biosynthesis, and pharmacological activities of alkaloids of various types.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids/chemistry , Quinolizines/pharmacology , Azocines/chemistry , Fabaceae
3.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 714-728, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010797

ABSTRACT

FRMD6, a member of the 4.1 ezrin-radixin-moesin domain-containing protein family, has been reported to inhibit tumor progression in multiple cancers. Here, we demonstrate the involvement of FRMD6 in lung cancer progression. We find that FRMD6 is overexpressed in lung cancer tissues relative to in normal lung tissues. In addition, the enhanced expression of FRMD6 is associated with poor outcomes in patients with lung squamous cell carcinoma (n = 75, P = 0.0054) and lung adenocarcinoma (n = 94, P = 0.0330). Cell migration and proliferation in vitro and tumor formation in vivo are promoted by FRMD6 but are suppressed by the depletion of FRMD6. Mechanistically, FRMD6 interacts and colocalizes with mTOR and S6K, which are the key molecules of the mTOR signaling pathway. FRMD6 markedly enhances the interaction between mTOR and S6K, subsequently increasing the levels of endogenous pS6K and downstream pS6 in lung cancer cells. Furthermore, knocking out FRMD6 inhibits the activation of the mTOR signaling pathway in Frmd6-/- gene KO MEFs and mice. Altogether, our results show that FRMD6 contributes to lung cancer progression by activating the mTOR signaling pathway.

4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 498-502, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927414

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of electroacupuncture at Siguan points and flunarizine hydrochloride capsule on migraine of liver yang hyperactivity.@*METHODS@#A total of 110 patients with migraine of liver yang hyperactivity were randomly divided into an electroacupuncture group (55 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a western medication group (55 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the electroacupuncture group, electroacupuncture was applied at Siguan points (Hegu [LI 4] and Taichong [LR 3]), with disperse-dense wave of 2 Hz/100 Hz in frequency and current intensity of 0.1-1 mA, 30 min each time, once a day, 5 times per week for 4 weeks. Flunarizine hydrochloride capsule was given orally in the western medication group, 10 mg a day for 4 weeks. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score and the migraine attack days were observed before and after treatment, during follow-up of 1, 3 and 6 months, and the migraine symptom score was observed before and after treatment in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, during follow-up of 1, 3 and 6 months, the VAS scores and the migraine attack days in the two groups were decreased compared with before treatment (P<0.05), and above indexes in the electroacupuncture group were lower than the western medication group (P<0.05). After treatment, the migraine symptom scores in the two groups were decreased (P<0.05), the change in the electroacupuncture group was greater than the western medication group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture at Siguan points could effectively reduce headache intensity and migraine attack days, relieve migraine symptoms in patients with migraine of liver yang hyperactivity, and the efficacy is superior to oral flunarizine hydrochloride capsules.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Electroacupuncture , Flunarizine/therapeutic use , Liver , Migraine Disorders/therapy
5.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 357-365, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887867

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a mouse model of exogenous iron overload combined with tuberculosis(TB). Methods C57BL/6N mice were divided into negative control, low-, medium-, and high-dose iron groups and received intraperitoneal injection of iron dextran at 0, 3.75, 7.50, and 15.00 mg/dose(3 times/week for 4 weeks), respectively.After 4 weeks, the organ morphology and body weight of the mice were evaluated.The content of serum iron, ferritin, transferrin, and transferrin receptor was determined by ELISA.Heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, and small intestine were analyzed for tissue iron content and iron deposition pathology.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Iron , Iron Overload , Iron-Dextran Complex , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Tuberculosis
6.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 15-20, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985187

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of the CT image reconstruction of laryngeal cartilage and hyoid bone in adult age estimation using data mining methods. Methods The neck thin slice CT scans of 413 individuals aged 18 to <80 years were collected and divided into test set and train set, randomly. According to grading methods such as TURK et al., all samples were graded comprehensively. The process of thyroid cartilage ossification was divided into 6 stages, the process of cricoid cartilage ossification was divided into 5 stages, and the synosteosis between the greater horn of hyoid and hyoid body was divided into 3 stages. Multiple linear regression model, support vector regression model, and Bayesian ridge regression model were developed for adult age estimation by scikit-learn 0.17 machine learning kit (Python language). Leave-one-out cross-validation and the test set were used to further evaluate performance of the models. Results All indicators were moderately or poorly associated with age. The model with the highest accuracy in male age estimation was the support vector regression model, with a mean absolute error of 8.67 years, much higher than the other two models. The model with the highest accuracy in female adult age estimation was the support vector regression model, with a mean absolute error of 12.69 years, but its accuracy differences with the other two models had no statistical significance. Conclusion Data mining technology can improve the accuracy of adult age estimation, but the accuracy of adult age estimation based on laryngeal cartilage and hyoid bone is still not satisfactory, so it should be combined with other indicators in practice.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Bayes Theorem , Data Mining , Hyoid Bone/diagnostic imaging , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Laryngeal Cartilages/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
7.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 636-641, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985159

ABSTRACT

Objective To estimate sex based on patella measurements of Sichuan Han population by computed tomography three-dimensional volume reconstruction technique, and to explore the application value of patella in sex estimation. Methods CT three-dimensional volume reconstruction images of patella of 250 individuals were collected, the four measurement indicators including patellar length, patellar width, patellar thickness, and patellar volume were measured. The t-test was used to determine measurement indicators with sex differences. Fisher discriminant analysis was used to establish the sex discriminant function and the prediction accuracy was calculated by leave-one-out cross validation. Results The sex differences of the four measurement indicators had a statistical significance (P<0.05). The accuracy rate of the univariate discriminant function established by the patellar length was the highest (82.0%). The accuracy rates of the all indicators discriminant function and the stepwise discriminant function were 80.4% and 81.6%, respectively. Conclusion It is feasible and accurate to estimate sex of Sichuan Han population by patella measurements with CT three-dimensional volume reconstruction technique. The method may be used as an alternative for sex estimation of Sichuan Han population when other bones with higher accuracy are not available.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Discriminant Analysis , Forensic Anthropology , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Patella/diagnostic imaging , Sex Determination by Skeleton , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
8.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 605-613, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985155

ABSTRACT

Adult age determination plays an important role in individual identification, criminal investigation and social welfare. The most popular adult age determination indicators are pubic symphysis, iliac auricular surface, costal cartilage, cranial sutures, teeth, laryngeal cartilage, etc. In recent years, with the progress of CT imaging and 3D reconstruction technology, the adult age determination study gradually has transferred from a time-consuming general observation of bones with complex pre-processing in the past to the non-destructive, convenient, time-saving and easy to store image analysis technology. To explore more accurate, rapid and convenient adult age determination methods, multiple imaging methods and artificial intelligence have been applied in adult age determination. This paper reviews the common methods and research progress of adult age determination at home and abroad, infers the development direction of adult age determination, in order to provide reference for the improvement and optimization of forensic adult age determination.


Subject(s)
Age Determination by Skeleton , Artificial Intelligence , Forensic Anthropology , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Pubic Symphysis/anatomy & histology , Research
9.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 507-513, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985145

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of degree of cranial suture closure in forensic adult age estimation by thin-layer CT scan and establish an adult age estimation model of the Han nationality. Methods Thin-layer CT scan samples of the heads of 220 healthy Sichuan Han adults (110 males, 110 females) aged 20 to 70 were collected, of which 20 samples (10 males, 10 females) were randomly selected as test samples. The sagittal suture, coronal suture (both left and right) and lambdoid suture (both left and right) were respectively and equally divided into 2 segments, and every segment was equally divided into 10 layers and the corresponding multiplanar reformation (MPR) images were selected. The closure of cranial sutures on MPR images was classified into the grades 1-7. The correlations between cranial sutures and age were analyzed to build regression equation for age estimation. Results The degree of closure of sagittal suture, coronal suture (both left and right) and lambdoid suture (both left and right) was positively correlated with age. The coefficient of determination (R2) of regression equation was 0.419 in males, 0.589 in females, and 0.522 in all samples. The results of the verification test showed that the mean absolute error (MAE) was 6.39 years in males, 6.16 years in females, and 6.29 years in all samples. Conclusion There was a higher accuracy in adult age estimation by thin-layer CT scan of cranial sutures. The age of Han nationality adults can be estimated by the degree of cranial sutures closure.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Cranial Sutures/diagnostic imaging , Head , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
10.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 249-255, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985113

ABSTRACT

Bone age is an important indicator of human growth and development, which can objectively reflect the growth level and maturity of individuals. Traditional manual bone age assessment usually compares the X-ray of the left wrist with the reference standard to obtain the corresponding bone age. This method is time-consuming and its results vary with different observers. In recent years, with the continuous development of computer science, bone age assessment has began to change from traditional manual assessment to automatic assessment. Although there has already been numerous researches on automatic bone age assessment, most of them are still in the experimental stage. This paper reviews related research and progress on automatic bone age assessment at home and abroad in recent years, in order to provide reference and research ideas for relevant researchers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Age Determination by Skeleton , Wrist , X-Rays
11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 811-816, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810861

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the infection status and recombination of Norovirus in patients with acute gastroenteritis in Ningxia.@*Methods@#The specimens of 10 sentinel hospitals in Ningxia were collected from 2016 to 2017. Real-time quantitative PCR was used for nucleic acid detection. GⅡ-positive samples were amplified by RT-PCR for the RdRp and Capsid regions, then sequenced and genotyped. Evolution analysis was performed using software such as MEGA-X, and recombination analysis was performed using Simplot 3.5.1 and RDP4.@*Results@#The age of the 2 334 cases was 1.42 (0.68, 7.69) years old, 1 133 cases in 2016 and 1 201 cases in 2017, 1 343 and 991 cases for males and females respectively. The positive rate of Norovirus GⅠ genogroup was 0.86% (20/2 334), and GⅡ genogroup was 14.82% (346/2 334). A total of 78 recombinant strains were sequenced and 12 recombinant types were found. GⅡ.Pe/GⅡ.4Sydney_2012 and GⅡ.P12/GⅡ.3 were the main epidemic strains, accounting for 35.90% (28 strains) and 32.05% (25 strain) respectively, followed by GⅡ.P16/GⅡ.2 accounting for 12.82% (10 strains). Among them,GⅡ.P7/GⅡ.6 (2 strains), GⅡ.P12/GⅡ.3 (6 strains), GⅡ.P16/GⅡ.1 (2 strains), GⅡ.P16/GⅡ.2 (5 strains), GⅡ.Pe/GⅡ.4 (7 strains) were detected for the first time in Ningxia. Recombinant strains were all intergenotype recombination, and the recombination breakpionts were all located within ORF1.@*Conclusion@#Norovirus infection in Ningxia area was mainly in GⅡ genogroup from 2016 to 2017, and most of them were recombinant strains. GⅡ.Pe/GⅡ.4Sydney_2012 and GⅡ.P12/GⅡ.3 were the main epidemic strains, followed by GⅡ.P16/GⅡ. 2.

12.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 482-491, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771307

ABSTRACT

LGR6 is a member of the G protein-coupled receptor family that plays a tumor-suppressive role in colon cancer. However, the relationship between LGR6 expression in patients and clinicopathological factors remains unclear. This study aimed to clarify whether the expression level of LGR6 is correlated with colon adenocarcinoma progression. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect LGR6 expression in colon adenoma tissues (n = 21), colon adenocarcinoma tissues (n = 156), and adjacent normal tissues (n = 124). The expression levels of LGR6 in colon adenoma and adenocarcinoma were significantly higher than those in normal colon epithelial tissues (P < 0.001). Low LGR6 expression predicted a short overall survival in patients with colon adenocarcinoma (log-rank test, P = 0.016). Univariate and multivariate survival analyses showed that, in addition to N and M classification, LGR6 expression served as an independent prognostic factor. Thus, low expression of LGR6 can be used as an independent prognostic parameter in patients with colon adenocarcinoma.

13.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 113-117, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773080

ABSTRACT

To determine whether ginkgo biloba extract(GBE)combined with dexamethasone(DEX)plays a role in the treatment of allergic rhinitis-related olfactory dysfunction using an animal model.Six week old BALB/C mice were sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin.30 sensitized mice were divided into three groups:Group 1 was given high-dose GBE and DEX(n=10);Group 2 was given low dose GBE and DEX(n=10);Group 3 was given DEX alone(n=10).We assessed the histology of the olfactory mucosa and serum IL-4,IFN-γ,and caspase 1.A significant higher fraction of mice in group 1 could find the food pellet within300 scompared to group 3(<0.05).Caspase-1 levels improved during the second week compared with the first week in each group.IFN-γlevels were significantly lower during the second week compared with the first week(<0.05,all).IL-4 levels also were significantly lower during the second week compared with the first week in all groups except those receiving DEX alone.IFN-γ/IL-4 levels in each group were significantly lower during the second week compared with the first week(<0.05,all).In this animal model of allergic rhinitis-related olfactory dysfunction,the addition of ginkgo biloba extract to dexamethasone have a better anti-inflammatory effect,which can partly improve the therapeutic effect on olfactory dysfunction caused by allergic rhinitis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cytokines , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Glucocorticoids , Pharmacology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Rhinitis, Allergic , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology
14.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 435-438, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775960

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the cerebral white matter micro-structure in patients with idiopathic olfactory loss using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI).@*METHODS@#Sixteen patients with idiopathic olfactory loss and sixteen normal subjects matched by age and sex were recruited in this study. Sniffin'Stick olfactory test was performed to evaluate the olfactory function of all subjects. We acquired diffusion tensor images with an echo planar imaging (EPI) sequence from all subject on a 3T scanner. The fractional anisotropy (FA) images were performed using DTI-studio, and bilateral Piriform cortex, Orbitofrontal cortex, Hippocampus and Insula cortex adjacent white matter and Capsula interna were delineated as the region of interesting (ROI), the FA for each ROI was calculated. Independent sample t test analysis was used to compare the FA value of all ROIs between the controls and patients. In addition, correlation analysis between FA value and MMSE score in patients were conducted.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the controls, patients showed significantly decreased FA value in the adjacent white matter of bilateral Piriform cortex, Orbitofrontal cortex, Hippocampus and Insula cortex (0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The patients with idiopathic olfactory loss show the damage of white matter micro-structure in the olfactory center, which could be important for the pathogenesis study and early intervention of idiopathic olfactory loss.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anisotropy , Diffusion Tensor Imaging , Olfaction Disorders , Pathology , Smell , White Matter , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2366-2372, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275122

ABSTRACT

PLA-α-asarone nanoparticles were prepared by using organic solvent evaporation method, and their in vivo distribution and brain targeting after intranasal administration were studied as compared with intravenous administration. The results showed that brain targeting coefficient of PLA-α-asarone nanoparticles after intranasal and intravenous administration was 1.65 and 1.16 respectively. The absolute bioavailability, brain-targeting efficiency and the percentage of nasal-brain delivery of PLA-α-asarone nanoparticles were 74.2%, 142.24 and 29.83%, respectively after intranasal administration. The results of fluorescence labeling showed that the fluorescent intensity of coumarin-6 in the brain tissue was the highest after intranasal administration of PLA-α-asarone fluorescent nanoparticles, achieving the purpose of brain-targeted drug delivery. The fluorescent intensity of coumarin-6 in liver tissue after intravenous administration of PLA-α-asarone nanoparticles was much higher than that after intranasal administration, indicating that intranasal administration of PLA-α-asarone nanoparticles could decrease drug-induced hepatotoxicity. In addition, the fluorescent intensity of coumarin-6 in lung tissue was weaker after intranasal administration, which solved the shortcomings of intranasal administration of α-asarone dry powder prepared by airflow pulverization method. In vivo studies indicated that PLA-α-asarone nanoparticles after intranasal administration had a stronger brain targeting as compared with intravenous administration.

16.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 734-737, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302092

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the genetic characteristics of VP1 region of coxsackievirus A10 (Cox A10) strains isolated from hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) cases in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (Ningxia) in 2013.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 280 specimens, which were identified as non-enterovirus 71 and non-Cox A16 by real-time PCR, were collected and cultured by using RD cell, and the VP1 genes of isolated strains were amplified by using reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) with degenerated primers and sequenced. The sequencing results were aligned with the sequences in GenBank with BLAST algorithm to identify the virus genotypes. Homologous comparison and phylogenetic analysis were conducted for all the Cox A10 strains identified.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 36 virus strains isolated from 280 clinical specimens, 6 were identified as Cox A10. The homologies of nucleotide and amino acid of the Cox A10 strains isolated in Ningxia were 97.0%-99.8% and 99.0%-99.7% respectively, and the Cox A10 strains isolated in Ningxia shared 76.3%-77.2%, 81.6%-83.1%, 94.4%-98.9% and 80.0%-82.3% nucleotide homologies respectively and shared 92.3%-93.0%, 94.0%-95.3%, 98.0%-99.7% and 90.6%-94.0% amino acid homologies respectively with the representative strains of A, B, C and D genotypes. Phylogenetic tree analysis revealed that Cox A10 strains isolated in Ningxia belonged to genotype C.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Cox A10 is one of the most common pathogen causing HFMD in Ningxia in 2013. All the Cox A10 stains isolated from HFMD patients in Ningxia belonged to genotype C.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Algorithms , Amino Acids , China , Databases, Nucleic Acid , Enterovirus A, Human , Genetics , Genotype , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Virology , Phylogeny , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
17.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 328-332, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469289

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relation between clinical-pathological features,Siewert classification and prognosis of esophagogastric junction (EGJ) carcinoma,and to assess the applicability of the new edition of American Joint Committee of Cancer (AJCC) staging guideline on EGJ adenocarcinoma in China.Methods From 2002 to 2012,the clinical data,pathological features,treatment and prognosis of 218 patients with EGJ malignant tumor were retrospectively analyzed.The patients were typed according to Siewert classification criteria and each case was staged according to 7th edition of AJCC TNM staging criteria for esophagus adenocarcinoma and gastric cancer.Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test were performed for survival analysis.Results According to the Siewert classification,type Ⅰ was rare (nine cases,4.1%),type Ⅱ was the most common type (150 cases,68.8%) and followed by type Ⅲ (59 cases,27.1%).There was no significant difference in survival curve among the three types (P>0.05).The survival curve was drawn according to 7th edition of AJCC TNM staging criteria for esophagus adenocarcinoma.In T staging,the prognosis of patients at T4b was better than that of patients at T4a,the prognosis of patients at ⅡB was better than that of patients at ⅡA.The survival curve of patients at Ⅲ C obviously crossed with that of patients at Ⅳ,which was not in conformity with clinical results.The survival curve was drawn according to 7th edition of AJCC staging criteria for gastric cancer.In T staging,the survival curve of patients at Tis was overlapped with that of patients at T1a.The survival rate of patients at ⅡB could not be accurately predicted by the overall staging.In general,the survival of patients with EGJ carcinoma was better predicted according to 7th edition of AJCC staging criteria for gastric cancer than 7th edition for esophagus adenocarcinoma.Conclusions Neither 7th edition of AJCC staging criteria for esophagus adenocarcinoma nor for gastric cancer could accurately predict its prognosis.In our country,EGJ malignant tumor was similar to gastric cancer and had specific clinical-pathological features.It is necessary to research and establish EGJ carcinoma staging criteria instead of applying the current staging criteria for esophagus adenocarcinoma or gastric cancer.

18.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 816-821, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488979

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the histopathological features of 850 patients with esophageal malignant tumor in 10 years.Methods From January 2002 to January 2012, 850 patients diagnosed with esophageal malignant tumor were enrolled.Tumor location, general type, pathological type and TNM stage were retrospectively analyzed.All the data were described as case number and percentage.Results Among the 850 cases of esophageal malignant tumor, 33 lesions (3.9%) located in the neck segment of esophagus, 119 lesions (14.0%) located in the upper segment, 44 lesions (5.2 %) located in the upper-middle segment, 409 lesions (48.1%) located in the middle segment, 123 lesions (14.5 %) located in the middle-lower segment, 122 lesions (14.4%) located in the lower segment.Among the 724 eases clearly diagnosed as esophageal malignant tumor by general type, the most cases were ulcer type (305 cases, 42.1%), followed by medulla type (260 cases, 35.9%), fungating type (80 cases, 11.0%) and constrictive type (70 cases, 9.7%), and the least cases were intraluminal type (nine cases, 1.2%).Among the 850 cases of esophageal malignant tumor, squamous cell carcinoma (794 cases, 93.4 %) was the most common cytological type, followed by small cell carcinoma (19 eases, 2.2%), and the least common cytological type was adenocarcinoma (seven cases, 0.8 %).Among the 724 cases with clear TNM staging, case number of Tis, T1, T2, T3 and T4 stage was eight (1.1%), six (0.8%), 271 (37.4%), 278 (38.4%) and 161 (22.2%), respectively.Among the 122 cases of distal esophageal carcinomas (104 cases with clear TNM staging), most cases were squamous cell carcinoma (112 cases, 91.8 %), the others cases were adenocarcinoma (three cases, 2.5 %), small cell carcinoma (three cases, 2.5 %), basaloid squamous cell, adenosquamous, neuroendocrine carcinomas and carcinosarcoma (one case in each type, 0.8%).Conclusions Esophageal carcinoma was mostly located in the middle segment of in which squamous cell carcinoma was predominant while adenocarcinoma was less common.Esophageal cancer located at lower segment of esophagus is with a wide range of pathological spectrum, squamous cell carcinoma was still dominant, however, esophageal adenocarcinoma is rare.

19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 734-737, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737449

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the genetic characteristics of VP1 region of coxsackievirus A10(Cox A10) strains isolated from hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) cases in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region(Ningxia)in 2013. Methods A total of 280 specimens,which were identified as non-enterovirus 71 and non-Cox A16 by real-time PCR,were collected and cultured by using RD cell,and the VP1 genes of isolated strains were amplified by using reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) with degenerated primers and sequenced. The sequencing results were aligned with the sequences in GenBank with BLAST algorithm to identify the virus genotypes. Homologous comparison and phylogenetic analysis were conducted for all the Cox A10 strains identified. Results Among 36 virus strains isolated from 280 clinical specimens,6 were identified as Cox A10. The homologies of nucleotide and amino acid of the Cox A10 strains isolated in Ningxia were 97.0%-99.8% and 99.0%-99.7% respectively,and the Cox A10 strains isolated in Ningxia shared 76.3%-77.2%,81.6%-83.1%,94.4%-98.9% and 80.0%- 82.3% nucleotide homologies respectively and shared 92.3%-93.0%,94.0%-95.3%,98.0%-99.7% and 90.6%-94.0% amino acid homologies respectively with the representative strains of A,B,C and D genotypes. Phylogenetic tree analysis revealed that Cox A10 strains isolated in Ningxia belonged to genotype C. Conclusion Cox A10 is one of the most common pathogen causing HFMD in Ningxia in 2013. All the Cox A10 stains isolated from HFMD patients in Ningxia belonged to genotype C.

20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 734-737, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735981

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the genetic characteristics of VP1 region of coxsackievirus A10(Cox A10) strains isolated from hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) cases in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region(Ningxia)in 2013. Methods A total of 280 specimens,which were identified as non-enterovirus 71 and non-Cox A16 by real-time PCR,were collected and cultured by using RD cell,and the VP1 genes of isolated strains were amplified by using reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) with degenerated primers and sequenced. The sequencing results were aligned with the sequences in GenBank with BLAST algorithm to identify the virus genotypes. Homologous comparison and phylogenetic analysis were conducted for all the Cox A10 strains identified. Results Among 36 virus strains isolated from 280 clinical specimens,6 were identified as Cox A10. The homologies of nucleotide and amino acid of the Cox A10 strains isolated in Ningxia were 97.0%-99.8% and 99.0%-99.7% respectively,and the Cox A10 strains isolated in Ningxia shared 76.3%-77.2%,81.6%-83.1%,94.4%-98.9% and 80.0%- 82.3% nucleotide homologies respectively and shared 92.3%-93.0%,94.0%-95.3%,98.0%-99.7% and 90.6%-94.0% amino acid homologies respectively with the representative strains of A,B,C and D genotypes. Phylogenetic tree analysis revealed that Cox A10 strains isolated in Ningxia belonged to genotype C. Conclusion Cox A10 is one of the most common pathogen causing HFMD in Ningxia in 2013. All the Cox A10 stains isolated from HFMD patients in Ningxia belonged to genotype C.

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