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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922565

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of Tangshen Formula (, TSF), a Chinese herbal medicine, on interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) in the colon of diabetic rats.@*METHODS@#Fifty-four male Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal control (NC, n=14) and high-fat diet (HFD) groups (n=40). After 6 weeks, the rats in the HFD group were injected intraperitoneally streptozotocin once (30 mg/kg). Thirty rats with fasting blood glucose higher than 11.7 mmol/L were randomly divided into diabetes (DM) and TSF groups, 15 rats in each group. Rats in the NC and DM groups were intragastrically administered with saline, and those in the TSF group were given with TSF (2.4 g/kg) once daily for 20 weeks. Expression levels of Bax, Bcl-2, and caspase-3 in colonic smooth muscle layer were measured by Western blotting and immunohistochemical staining. The number of ICC was determined by immunohistochemical staining. Immunofluorescence was used for analyzing the ratio of classically activated macrophages (M1) and alternatively activated macrophages (M2) to total macrophages. Electron microscopy was used to observe the epithelial ultrastructure and junctions.@*RESULTS@#TSF appeared to partially prevented loss of ICC in DM rats (P<0.05). Compared with the NC group, expression levels of Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3, and TNF-α as well as the ratio of M1 to total macrophages increased in DM rats (all P<0.05), and the ratio of M2 to total macrophages decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the DM group, TSF decreased the expression levels of abovementioned proteins and restore M2 to total macrophages ratio (P<0.05 or P<0.01). TSF appeared to attenuate the ultrastructural changes of epithelia and improve the tight and desmosome junctions between epithelia reduced in the DM rats.@*CONCLUSION@#Reduced number of ICC in DM rats may be associated with damage of the intestinal barrier. The protective effects of TSF on ICC may be through repair of the epithelial junctions, which attenuates inflammation and inflammation-initiated apoptosis in colon of DM rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colon , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Interstitial Cells of Cajal , Male , Rats , Rats, Wistar
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920394

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics and changes of serum tumor markers in lung cancer patients with different smoking status in Hanzhong area. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on 642 hospitalized lung cancer patients in Hanzhong area from March 2017 to March 2019. According to their smoking status, they were divided into observation group (smoking history, n=404) and control group (no smoking history, n=238). Age, sex, place of residence, basic information of the disease including pathological stage, pathological type, short-term efficacy, survival and serum tumor marker level were analyzed retrospectively. Results The proportion of male in observation group (67.08%) was significantly higher(57.56%) (χ2=5.855,P2=4.824 , P2=2.110 , P2=15.291, P 2=10.817,P2=2.051, P>0.05). The 1-year survival rate of the observation group (64.85%) was significantly lower than that of the control group (73.95%) (χ2=5.255, P<0.05). Conclusion Middle-aged and elderly male smokers in Hanzhong area have a high incidence of lung cancer, multiple stage Ⅲ squamous cell carcinoma, and the level of tumor markers in serum is higher than that of non-smokers. The prognosis is not good, so we should encourage patients to quit smoking, which can improve the survival rate of patients.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 217-224, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913114

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish t he method for determining the concentrations of fluoxetine ,norfluoxetine and sertraline in human placental perfusate method and their placental permeability. METHODS Using glyburide as internal standard ,the samples were pretreated by protein precipitation method and detected by ultra-fast liquid chromatograph-mass spectrometer/mass spectrometer (UFLC-MS/MS). The determination was performed on Synergi TM Hydro-RP 80A LC column with mobile phase consisted of water (containing 0.1% formic acid )-acetonitrile(containing 0.1% formic acid )at the flow rate of 0.70 mL/min,with a gradient elution. The column temperature was set at 40 ℃,and sample size was 5 μL. Detection was performed with electrospray ionization source in multipl e reaction monitoring mode . The ion pairs for quantitative analysis we re m/z 309.9→148.1(fluoxetine),m/z 296.0→134.4 (-167), (norfluoxetine),m/z 306.1→159.0 (sertraline),m/z 493.9→ No.2018FE001(-207),(internal standard ). The perfusion model of singal placenta under bidrectional cardiopulmonary bypass was established. Fluoxetine (160 ng/mL),norfluoxetine(160 ng/mL), sertraline(100 ng/mL)and antipyrine (positive control ,ng/mL)were added into the maternal perfusate. The concen- 65324888 trations of fluoxe tine, norfluoxetine and sertrali ne were measured by above UFLC-MS/MS at 0,10,20,30,45,60,90,120,150 and 180 min of circulation ,and the placental permeability was calculated. RESULTS The linear range of fluoxetine ,norfluoxetine and sertraline were 5.00-500 ng/mL(all r> 0.990),and the lower limits of quantification were all 5.00 ng/mL. The RSDs of intra-day and inter-day were all less than 14.0%, and relative error ranged -9.6% to 14.7%. The relative error of stability test was -4.0% to 11.0%;the residual effect ,extraction method and matrix effect did not affect the quantitative analysis of the substance to be tested. Totally 31 perfusion model of human placenta under cardiopulmonary bypass were successfully established ,including 15 fluoxetine and norfluoxetine perfusion ,10 sertraline perfusion and 6 antipyrine perfusion. After 3 hours of perfusion ,the average placental permeability of fluoxetine , norfluoxetine and sertraline were (8.74 ± 1.67)% ,(10.70 ± 4.81)% ,(5.90 ± 1.25)% ,respectively. CONCLUSIONS The established UPLC-MS/MS is simple ,sensitive and accurate. It can be used for determination of fluoxetine ,norfluoxetine and sertraline in human placental perfusate. Fluoxetine ,norfluoxetine and sertraline can pass through the placenta ,but sertraline has a lower placental permeability.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910163

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical data of pregnant women complicated with cardiovascular disease in our center in the past 10 years, and to explore the trend of incidence, clinical diagnosis, and treatment of the disease.Methods:Clinical data of pregnant women with cardiovascular disease who delivered in Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University from 2010 to 2019 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. According to the time of the establishment of multidisciplinary team (MDT) in the center, the pregnant women were divided into the first 5-year group (2010-2014) and the second 5-year group (2015-2019). The general data, the composition of pregnancy complicated with cardiovascular disease and the changes of maternal and infant outcomes of the two groups were analyzed.Results:(1) During 2010-2019, there were 2 267 cases of pregnancy complicated with cardiovascular disease (836 cases in the first 5-year group and 1 431 cases in the second 5-year group), with a total incidence of 10.2% (2 267/22 334). Among all kinds of cardiovascular diseases, arrhythmia (41.0%, 930/2 267) and congenital heart disease (38.2%, 865/2 267) were more common. (2) There were 212 cases (25.4%, 212/836) and 426 cases (29.8%, 426/1 431) classified as Ⅲ or Ⅳ by modified WHO cardiovascular risk classification in the first 5-year group and the second 5-year group, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 =5.076, P=0.024). Among all kinds of cardiovascular diseases, there were 111 cases (13.3%, 111/836) and 159 cases (11.1%, 159/1 431) with valvular disease in the first 5-year group and the second 5-year group, respectively. The change of the component ratio was -16.5% (the difference was significant when the absolute value of change>10%), showing a significant decreasing trend. Aortic disease was found in 16 cases (1.9%, 16/836) and 56 cases (3.9%, 56/1 431), respectively, with a significant upward trend of 105.3%. (3) The mortality rate of pregnant women with cardiovascular disease was 1.0% (22/2 267), and 1.2% (10/836) and 0.8% (12/1 431) in the first 5-year grouop and the second 5-year group, respectively. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=0.702, P=0.402). ICU occupancy rates in the first 5-year group and the second 5-year group were 25.6% (214/836) and 20.7% (296/1 431), respectively, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2=7.306, P=0.007). There were no significant differences in cesarean section rate, mortality rate and incidence of adverse events between the two groups of pregnant women, and there were no significant differences in birth weight, preterm birth rate, mortality rate and asphyxia rate between the two groups of newborns (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Pregnancy complicated with cardiovascular disease is a common cause of adverse obstetric outcomes. There are various types of specific cardiovascular diseases, and the prognosis varies greatly. In recent years, the disease composition ratio has changed, and the severity and complexity of diseases have increased. Hierarchical management, MDT and individual management could improve the treatment level and reduce adverse outcomes.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910155

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk assessment, method selection and clinical management of pregnancy termination during the first and second trimester of pregnant women with cardiovascular disease.Methods:This study focused on pregnant women with cardiovascular diseases who were admitted to Beijing Anzhen Hospital during the first and second trimester of pregnancy from January 2016 to September 2019, to summarize their clinical characteristics, reasons and methods of pregnancy termination, management and outcomes.Results:Among 167 pregnant women, 119 cases (71.3%, 119/167) were in early pregnancy and 48 cases (28.7%, 48/167) were in middle pregnancy. The reasons for termination of pregnancy were cardiovascular disease (109 cases; 65.3%, 109/167), unwanted pregnancy (54 cases; 32.3%, 54/167) and other reasons (4 cases). Vacuum aspiration was performed in 98 cases and forceps curettage was performed in 19 cases, medical abortion was performed in 2 cases in early pregnancy. There was no change in cardiac function after pregnancy termination and all survived in early pregnancy. In the second trimester, 16 cases were induced by intraamniotic injection of ethacridine, 2 cases by water balloon, 1 case by oxytocin intravenous drip, and 29 cases by hysterotomy delivery. The ratio of patients with hysterotomy delivery with cardiac function grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ was significantly higher than that in the patients with vaginal labor induction in the second trimester [79% (23/29) vs 4/19; P<0.01]; the ratio of pregnancy risk grade Ⅳ-Ⅴ was also significantly higher [100% (29/29) vs 14/19; P=0.007]. The mean length of hospital stay of patients with hysterotomy delivery was significantly longer than that in the patients with vaginal labor induction [(7.1±3.4) vs (2.4±1.8) days; P<0.01]. Cardiac function was improved in 4 patients induced by ethacridine and rapid recovery without serious complications. Cardiac function decreased in 5 cases and 1 case died on the first day after hysterotomy delivery. Conclusions:Pregnancy risk assessment should be conducted as early as possible in patients with cardiovascular disease. If it is not suitable to continue the pregnancy, terminate pregnancy as early as possible to reduce the risk. Pregnancy termination methods and analgesic methods should be selected according to different gestational age and complications. The indications for hysterotomy delivery should not be relaxed at will, so as to minimize trauma and hemodynamic changes. After the termination of pregnancy, contraceptive measures should be implemented and the next treatment plan should be guided.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910111

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of prenatal ultrasound in diagnosis of fetal cleft lip and palate during first-trimester (11-13 + 6 gestational weeks). Methods:Ultrasonographic images were retrospectively selected from those fetuses who underwent first trimester scanning during July 2017 to June 2020 in the Affiliated Suzhou Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. Fetal facial mid-sagittal section and the retronasal triangle (RNT) section were combined together to evaluate whether the fetuses had cleft lip and palate (CLP) or not. All fetuses were followed up to birth or induced abortion.Results:A total of 5 520 fetuses were enrolled, with crown-rump length (CRL) between 45-84 mm. Seven cases of different types of CLP were detected by the 2 combined sections, including 4 cases with unilateral CLP, 1 case with median CLP, and 2 cases with bilateral CLP, which were confirmed by follow-up. In addition, 2 cases of isolated cleft lip (CL) were missed.Conclusions:Combination of fetal facial mid-sagittal section and RNT section is useful for the early diagnosis of fetal cleft lip and palate during first-trimester scanning.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910094

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) features in preoperative screening of patients with uterine fibroids treated by magnetic resonance imaging guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS).Methods:The preoperative CEUS features of 28 patients (32 lesions) with uterine fibroids treated by MRgFUS in Xijing Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from January 2018 to March 2021 were analyzed. The relationships between the imaging features of lesions and the necrosis range were evaluated, which included echo intensity in gray-scale ultrasound, the patterns of the perfusion intensity, perfusion distribution, the contrast agent into the model, lesions with entangled branch vessels, ring-like enhancement, and perfusion regression.Results:The gray-scale ultrasound showed that 68.75%(22/32) lesions were hypoechoic. The CEUS showed that 81.25%(26/32) lesions were iso/hypo-enhancement, 65.63%(21/32) lesions were heterogeneous enhancement, 68.75%(22/32) lesions with entangled branch vessels, 71.88%(23/32) lesions with ring-like enhancement, and 75%(24/32) lesions with fast-out enhancement. The 6 indicators above-mentioned had effects on the non-perfusion volume ratio≥50%, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusions:CEUS can evaluate the blood flow characteristics in uterine fibroids, providing important information for preoperative screening of uterine fibroids for MRgFUS ablation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 947-954, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909961

ABSTRACT

Management of bone defects caused by fractures,bone tumors or infections is clinically difficult as well as a hot topic in current studies. With further researches over bone defects,the construction of tissue-engineered bone has played a great role in the treatment of bone defects. Blood vessels not only provide the necessary nutritional mineral salts,growth factors,hormones for bone formation,also are able to mediate the interaction among osteoblasts and osteoclasts,osteocytes,bone autonomic nerve and endothelial cells,since bone formation exist spatially and temporally connection with angiogenesis. Therefore,the authors make a systematic literature review on the research progress of the coupling mechanism of angiogenesis and osteogenic differentiation,blood vessels and related signal pathways on osteogenic differentiation and angiogenesis-related molecules in osteogenic differentiation during the process of traumatic bone defects,so as to provide new ideas for the treatment of bone defects.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 236-242, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909860

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the mid-term clinical efficacy of total hip replacement (THR) and closed reduction and external fixation (CREF) in treatment of intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 155 elderly patients with unilateral intertrochanteric fractures admitted to Second Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University from June 2011 to June 2019, including 63 males and 92 females, aged 70-98 years [(80.1±7.0)years]. According to Jensen-Evans classification, the type of fracture was type I in 2 patients, type II in 21, type III in 24, type IV in 36, type V in 67, and type R in 5. A total of 85 patients were treated by THR (THR Group) and 70 patients by CREF (CREF group). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, blood transfusion rate, length of hospital stay, postoperative complication rate, Harris hip score at postoperative 1 year, excellent and good rate of hip joint function, and 12-item short form health survey (SF-12) physical component summary score (SF-12PCS) of postoperative quality of life, mortality rate within 1 year and survival rate were compared between the two groups.Results:The follow-up time was 1.0-9.5 years [(3.9±2.4)years]. A total of, 140 patients were followed up for more than one year, 2 patients were lost, 13 patients died within 1 year after surgery. The operation time [77(60, 100)minutes] and intraoperative blood loss [(290.6±182.3)ml] in THR group were significantly longer or more than those in CREF Group [55(50, 70)minutes, (30.5±25.0)ml] ( P<0.05). The blood transfusion rate [78%(66/85)] in THR group was significantly higher than that in CREF Group [21%(15/70)] ( P<0.05). The length of hospital stay and incidence of postoperative complications were similar between the two groups ( P>0.05). One year after operation, the Harris hip score [(84.4±15.1)points], excellent and good rate of hip joint function [76%(63/83)] and SF-12 PCS score [(16.2±1.0)points] in THR group were significantly higher than those in CREF group [(69.0±21.6)points, 43%(27/63), (14.1±2.2)points] ( P<0.05). The mortality within 1 year after operation was similar between the two groups ( P>0.05). The survival curve analysis showed that the survival status in THR group was better than that in CREF group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Compared with CREF, THR has better joint function and quality of life, as well as a higher overall survival rate when applied to treat intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908725

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship of interleukin (IL)-37, osteoprotegerin with coronary artery disease and its stenosisdegree.Methods:The prospective research method was used. From April 2018 to June 2019, two hundred and eleven suspected or diagnosed coronary artery disease patients who had chest pain or discomfort in Dalian Friendship Hospital were selected. The patients underwent selective percutaneous coronary angiography and completed coronary stenosis score (Gensini score). According to the degree of coronary stenosis, 211 patients were divided into the control group(coronary stenosis<50%, 45 cases), single-vessel stenosis group (single-vessel stenosis ≥ 50%, 52 cases), double-vesselstenosis group (double-vesselstenosis ≥ 50%, 58 cases), and triple-vessel stenosis group (triple-vessel stenosis ≥ 50%, 56 cases). The levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1), apolipoprotein B (ApoB), lipoprotein a, uric acid, creatinine were measured by the automatic biochemical analyzer. The serum levels of IL-37 and osteoprotegerin were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results:There were no statistical differences in FBG, uric acid, creatinine, TC, TG, LDL-C, HDL-C, ApoA1 and ApoB among 4 groups ( P>0.05). In the control group, single-vessel stenosis group, double-vessel stenosis group and triple-vessel stenosis group, lipoprotein a was (0.266 ± 0.060), (0.283 ± 0.070), (0.289 ± 0.066) and (0.307 ± 0.084) mg/L respectively; coronary stenosis score was (8.27 ± 7.08), (437.45 ± 98.47), (493.72 ± 125.19) and (522.61 ± 149.34) scores respectively; IL-37 was (342.27 ± 122.36), (437.45 ± 98.47), (493.72 ± 125.19) and (522.61 ± 149.34) ng/L respectively; osteoprotegerin was (378.29 ± 111.95), (458.39 ± 115.37), (502.50 ± 116.88) and (533.39 ± 139.83) ng/L respectively; and there were statistical differences among 4 groups ( P<0.05 or <0.01). IL-37, osteoprotegerin and lipoproteina were positively correlated with coronary stenosis score ( r = 0.43, 0.42 and 0.23, P<0.05), the osteoprotegerin was positively correlated with IL-37( r = 0.73, P<0.05). The multivariate linear regression analysis result showed that the IL-37 and osteoprotegerin were independent protective factors of coronary stenosis degree( β = 0.07 and 0.07, t = 2.72 and 2.57, P<0.01 or <0.05),and lipoproteina was independent risk factor of coronary stenosis degree ( β = 0.97, t = 2.89, P<0.01). Conclusions:IL-37 and osteoprotegerin are positively correlated with the degree of coronary stenosis. They are anti-inflammatory and protective factors of coronary heart disease.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908466

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of esophagogastric anastomosis with double muscle flap plasty in total laparoscopic radical resection of proximal gastric cancer.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 5 patients undergoing radical resection of proximal gastric cancer in Cancer Hospital of China Medical University from January to December 2020 were collected. All 5 cases were male, aged from 57 to 72 years, with a median age of 65 years. All 5 patients underwent total laparoscopic radical resection of proximal gastric cancer combined with esophagogastric anastomosis with double muscle flap plasty. Observation indicators: (1) operative situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect postoperative anastomosis, esophageal reflux, nutritional status, quality of life, tumor recurrence and metastasis of patients up to February 2021. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Operative situations: all 5 patients underwent surgery successfully. The operation time, time of esophagogastric anastomosis with double muscle flap plasty, number of lymph node dissected, volume of intraoperative blood loss, length of surgical incision of 5 patients were (316±41)minutes,(109±11)minutes, 26±4, (48±12)mL, (3.4±0.4)cm, respectively. Results of intraoperative rapid frozen section pathological examination showed negative of esophageal margin. (2) Postoperative situations: the time to postoperative initial flatus, time to postoperative initial food intake, during of postoperative hospital stay, cost of treat-ment of 5 patients were (4.8±1.5)days, (5.8±1.5)days, (11.6±2.1)days and (5.5±0.4)×10 4 yuan, respectively. Results of postoperative pathological examination of 5 patients showed gastric adeno-carcinoma in all 5 patients including 4 cases with moderately and poorly differentiated adeno-carcinoma and 1 case with highly differentiated adenocarcinoma, with the TNM staging of pT1a-3N0-1 M0 stage. Of the 5 patients, 1 case underwent postoperative mild pneumonia and was cured by conservative treatment such as anti-infection and promotion of sputum evacuation. (3) Follow-up: all 5 patients were followed up for 2 to 12 months, with a median follow-up time of 6 months. Of the 5 patients, 4 cases underwent anastomotic patency and 1 case underwent mild anastomotic stenosis who was improved after endoscopic treatment. None of the 5 patients underwent reflux esophagitis. The body mass index, the score of nutritional risk screening 2002, the score of patient-generated subjective global assessment and the score of tumor patient quality of life of 5 patients were 21 kg/m 2(range, 19-27 kg/m 2), 2(range, 1-2), 2(range, 1-3) and 47(range, 42-52), respectively. None of the 5 patients underwent tumor recurrence or metastasis. Conclusion:Esophagogastric anas-tomosis with double muscle flap plasty can be used in total laparoscopic radical resection of proximal gastric cancer which will lead to satisfactory short-term efficacy.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907761

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infected with Delta variant, so as to provide further references for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods:A real-world study was conducted to analyze the characteristics of 166 COVID-19 patients infected with Delta variant at Guangzhou Eighth People’s Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University.Results:The study enrolled 5 asymptomatic cases, 123 non-severe cases (mild and moderate type), and 38 severe cases (severe and critical type). Among these patients, 69 (41.6%) were male and 97 (58.4%) were female, with a mean age of 47.0±23.5 years. Thirty-nine cases (23.5%) had received 1 or 2 doses of inactivated vaccine. The incidence of severe COVID-19 cases was 7.7% in 2-doses vaccinated patients, which was lower than that of 11.5% in 1-dose and 26.8% in unvaccinated patients. The proportion of severe cases in 2 dose-vaccinated patients was 7.7%, which was lower than that of 11.5% in 1-dose vaccinated patients and 26.8% in unvaccinated patients, but the difference was not significant ( P>0.05). The most common clinical symptom was fever (134 cases, 83.2%), and 39.1% of cases presented with high-grade fever (≥39 °C); other symptoms were cough, sputum, fatigue, and xerostomia. The proportion of fever in severe cases was significantly higher than that of non-severe cases (97.4% vs. 76.4%, P<0.01). Similarly, the proportion of severe cases with high peak temperature (≥39 ℃) () was also higher than that of non-severe cases (65.8% vs. 30.9%, P<0.01). The median minimal Cycle threshold (Ct) values of viral nucleic acid N gene and ORFlab gene were 20.3 and 21.5, respectively, and the minimum Ct values were 11.9 and 13.5, respectively. Within 48 h of admission, 9.0% of cases presented with decreased white blood cell counts, and 52.4% with decreased lymphocyte counts. The proportions of increased C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A, interleukin 6, and interleukin 10 were 32.5%, 57.4%, 65.3%, and 35.7%, respectively. The proportions of elevated C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A and interleukin-6 in severe cases were significantly higher than those in non-severe cases ( P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that older age and higher peak temperature were associated with a higher likelihood of severe cases ( OR>3, 95% CI: 2-7, P<0.01). In terms of treatment, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was used in 97.6% of non-severe cases and 100% in severe cases. Other treatments included respiratory and nutritional support, immunotherapy (such as neutralizing antibodies and plasma of recovered patients). The median times from admission to progression to severe cases, of fever clearance, and of nucleic acid conversion were 5 days, 6 days and 19 days, respectively. No deaths were reported within 28 days. Conclusions:The symptoms of Delta variant infection in Guangzhou are characterized by a high proportion of fever, high peak temperature, long duration of fever, high viral load, a long time to nucleic acid conversion, and a high incidence of severe cases. The severe cases exhibit a higher percentage of elderly patients, a longer duration of fever and have a higher fever rate and a higher hyperthermia rate than non-severe cases. Age and hyperthermia are independent risk factors for progression to severe disease. The combination of TCM and Western medicine can control the progression of the disease effectively.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907540

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of decorin (DCN) on the proliferation, migration and invasion of bladder cancer cells.Methods:Bladder cancer T24 cell line was used as the research object. MTT assay was used to detect the inhibitory effect of DCN at different concentrations (0, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 mg/L) on T24 cell proliferation at 24, 48, 72 and 96 h. The effects of DCN on T24 cell cycle and apoptosis were analyzed by flow cytometry. MTT assay, Transwell migration and invasion experiments were used to detect the effects of DCN on the adhesion, migration and invasion ability of T24 cells. The effects of DCN on TGF-β1 and P21 protein expression were detected by ELISA and Western blotting.Results:T24 cells were treated with 0, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 mg/L DCN at 24, 48, 72 and 96 h, and there were statistically significant diffe-rences in cell proliferation activity ( F=168.64, P<0.001; F=165.81, P<0.001; F=291.02, P<0.001; F=148.93, P<0.001). T24 cells were treated with 0, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 mg/L DCN for 72 h, and the cell proliferation activities were (60.71±3.03)%, (40.82±2.09)%, (37.24±1.63)%, (25.65±2.55)%, (23.00±2.67)%, (10.78±1.17)%, (11.04±0.96)%, respectively, and there was a statistically significant difference. At the concentration of 40 mg/L, the proliferation activity reached the lowest level, and the inhibitory effect on cell proliferation was the strongest. At concentrations of 40 and 50 mg/L, the cells in G 1 phase reached the peak value, while the cells in S phase reached the lowest value, and the cells in G 2 phase remained unchanged throughout the treatment process. T24 cells were treated with 0, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 mg/L DCN for 72 h, and the apoptosis rates of cells were (12.18±1.17)%, (21.24±1.05)%, (19.80±1.20)%, (26.52±1.40)%, (30.86±1.40)%, (52.99±1.22)%, (43.04±2.16)%, respectively, and there was a statistically significant difference ( F=178.54, P<0.001). The differences between 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 mg/L DCN and 0 mg/L DCN were all statistically significant (all P<0.001). When T24 cells were treated with 0, 40 mg/L DCN for 72 h, the cell adhesion rates were (37.14±1.35)% and (59.86±1.95)%, the numbers of migrated cells were 53.86±3.18 and 12.86±1.35, and there were statistically significant differences ( t=25.25, P<0.001; t=31.36, P<0.001). When DCN was applied to T24 cells for 48 h, the numbers of invasion at 0, 40 mg/L were 235.14±3.44 and 160.86±3.13, and there was a statistically significant difference ( t=2.27, P<0.001). When T24 cells were treated with 0, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 mg/L DCN for 72 h, the relative expression levels of TGF-β1 were 85.67±3.35, 45.51±1.19, 49.93±4.15, 47.64±3.53, 46.05±3.18, 25.54±2.25, 33.44±4.05, and there was a statistically significant difference ( F=324.58, P<0.001). Compared with 0 mg/L DCN, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 mg/L DCN could significantly inhibited the expression of TGF-β1 (all P<0.001). Compared with 0 mg/L DCN, P21 protein was upregulated 72 h after treatment with 40 mg/L DCN. Conclusion:DCN can inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis of T24 cells in vitro, and has the effect of anti-metastasis of T24 cells.

14.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 774-777, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907522

ABSTRACT

Protein ubiquitination is one of the important mechanisms regulating protein stability and activity under physiological condition. Among them, E1/E2/E3 ligases and deubiquitination enzyme play an important regulatory role in the process of protein ubiquitination, while deubiquitination may induce the occurrence of tumors, asthma and other diseases. Ubiquitin-specific peptidases, as the main members of the deubiquitination enzyme family, have been proved to be closely related to the occurrence and development of tumors, among which some ubiquitin-specific peptidases have been used as new targets for anti-tumor therapy. Therefore, this study aims to briefly review the regulatory mechanisms of ubiquitin-specific peptidases in the process of tumor genesis and development, which will provide more research directions for tumor therapy.

15.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 560-564, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907481

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prognostic factors of Krukenberg tumors derived from the gastric cancer and colorectal cancer, so as to guide comprehensive treatment; looking for objective and sensitive indicators of ovarian metastasis during the follow-up after the surgery for gastric and colorectal cancer, which provides a basis for early diagnosis.Methods:Retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 75 patients diagnosed with Krukenberg tumor admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from June 2007 to February 2020. Log-rank method and COX regression analysis were used to find independent prognostic factors. Wilcoxon rank sum test was used to compare the dynamic changes of ovarian imaging and tumor markers and to find the more sensitive indicators in the follow-up of patients with metachronous metastasis.Results:In the 75 cases, the univariate analysis suggested that CA19-9≥123.5 U/mL ( P=0.001), CA12-5≥37.9 U/mL ( P=0.018), Krukenberg tumor of stomach origin ( P=0.037), extra-ovary metastasis ( P=0.014), and without cytoreductive surgery (CRS) ( P<0.001)were poor prognostic factors. Among them, cytoreductive surgery could significantly improve the prognosis, even if with visible residual lesions, the overall survival was still significantly longer than those who have not undergone cytoreductive surgery ( P=0.004). Multivariate analysis results showed that CA19-9 and cytoreductive surgery ( P=0.001) were independent prognostic factors for patients with Krukenberg tumor; during the postoperative follow-up, ultrasound and CT imaging changes were more sensitive to ovarian metastasis ( P=0.006). Conclusions:CRS can prolong significantly the overall survival (OS) of patients with krukenberg tumor. Patients with simultaneous metastases should not give up the opportunity for surgery, and patients with metachronous metastases should also receive ovary resection procedure, even if with visible residual lesions, the patients can still benefit from the procedure. In the follow-up for gastric and colorectal cancer, attention should be paid to the ovarian ultrasound and CT imaging changes to facilitate early detection of ovarian metastases.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907431

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of 125I seed implantation combined with anlotinib hydrochloride in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods:61 cases of NSCLC patients were enrolled, of which 30 cases (observation group) received 125I seed implantation combined with anlotinib treatment, and 31 cases (control group) received 125I seed implantation only. To evaluate the curative effect and adverse reactions of all patients, the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cytokeratin 19 fragment (CYFRA21-1), neuroendocrine enolase (NSE), squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC) in the peripheral blood of the two groups was measured before the treatment and at 1 and 3 months after the treatment. Results:The effective rates in the observation group were 90.00% and 93.33%, the effective rates in the control group were 67.74% and 74.19% at 1 and 3 months after the treatment, respectively, and the difference in efficacy between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2=4.504, P=0.034 vs. χ2=4.075, P=0.044). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups of patients after treatment ( P=0.785). At 1 and 3 months after the treatment, the levels of CEA, CYFRA21-1, NSE and SCC in the peripheral blood of the two groups of patients were lower than those before the treatment (all P<0.05). Conclusions:125I seed implantation combined with anlotinib hydrochloride is safe for the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer, and has promotion value.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907142

ABSTRACT

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a malignant tumor caused by both environmental and genetic factors. Epidemiology studies have identified smoking as a major environmental risk factor. In recent years, the advancement of genomics research has led to the recognition of the influence of genetic variation in ESCC. We reviewed the research progress in smoking, genetic polymorphism and their interaction on susceptibility to ESCC. Reducing exposure time to tobacco was found to be the most effective way to reduce the risk. At the genetic level, mutations in DNA repair genes, regulation genes of carcinogen-metabolizing enzymes, cell cycle regulation genes, folate metabolism related genes, and alcohol metabolism related genes were found to significantly increase the risk of ESCC. However, studies on the interaction between smoking and genetic polymorphisms in ESCC risk are still limited, more studies are needed for better screening of the high-risk populations and the prevention.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907132

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo understand the satisfaction and comfort level of the rail transit passengers regarding hygienic environment of one city, and provide a basis of hygienic management and suggestions for rail transit operations. MethodsPassengers who have lived in the city for the past 6 months and used rail transit as their main transportation tool were selected to conduct a questionnaire survey to collect basic information, satisfaction with environmental cleanliness, perception of crowdedness, air quality and noise, etc. The Chi-square, Pearson contingency coefficient and linear trend test of orderly grouped data were used for statistical analysis. ResultsA total of 820 valid questionnaires were collected, with a total effective rate of 94.0%. Passengers' overall satisfaction with the environmental cleanliness of each link of rail transit was between basic and relatively better satisfaction, with an average of 3.52. Passengers with different one-way trip times had different satisfaction with the cleanliness of each link (P<0.05). Passengers generally thought that the rail transit was crowded and the carriages were more crowded than the station. The level of feeling congestion was correlated with the age and gender of passengers (P<0.05). Passengers thought that the air quality of the rail transit was inferior in carriages during the evening rush hour, and experienced different symptoms such as drowsiness, dizziness, and headache. Passengers perceived that the rail transit was noisy, and much noisier in the carriages. ConclusionPassengers are basically satisfied with the hygienic environment of rail transit. It is necessary to focus on strengthening the hygiene and cleanliness of toilets and X-ray luggage inspection systems in the future rail transit hygienic design and management. Passengers are uncomfortable with the air quality, congestion and noise in the rail transit environment. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the management and control of the centralized air conditioning and ventilation systems, enhance fresh air volume, reduce ambient noise, and focus on controlling the hygiene environment in the carriages in order to improve the comfort and satisfaction of passengers in the rail transit environment.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907119

ABSTRACT

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a malignant tumor caused by both environmental and genetic factors. Epidemiology studies have identified smoking as a major environmental risk factor. In recent years, the advancement of genomics research has led to the recognition of the influence of genetic variation in ESCC. We reviewed the research progress in smoking, genetic polymorphism and their interaction on susceptibility to ESCC. Reducing exposure time to tobacco was found to be the most effective way to reduce the risk. At the genetic level, mutations in DNA repair genes, regulation genes of carcinogen-metabolizing enzymes, cell cycle regulation genes, folate metabolism related genes, and alcohol metabolism related genes were found to significantly increase the risk of ESCC. However, studies on the interaction between smoking and genetic polymorphisms in ESCC risk are still limited, more studies are needed for better screening of the high-risk populations and the prevention.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907109

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo understand the satisfaction and comfort level of the rail transit passengers regarding hygienic environment of one city, and provide a basis of hygienic management and suggestions for rail transit operations. MethodsPassengers who have lived in the city for the past 6 months and used rail transit as their main transportation tool were selected to conduct a questionnaire survey to collect basic information, satisfaction with environmental cleanliness, perception of crowdedness, air quality and noise, etc. The Chi-square, Pearson contingency coefficient and linear trend test of orderly grouped data were used for statistical analysis. ResultsA total of 820 valid questionnaires were collected, with a total effective rate of 94.0%. Passengers' overall satisfaction with the environmental cleanliness of each link of rail transit was between basic and relatively better satisfaction, with an average of 3.52. Passengers with different one-way trip times had different satisfaction with the cleanliness of each link (P<0.05). Passengers generally thought that the rail transit was crowded and the carriages were more crowded than the station. The level of feeling congestion was correlated with the age and gender of passengers (P<0.05). Passengers thought that the air quality of the rail transit was inferior in carriages during the evening rush hour, and experienced different symptoms such as drowsiness, dizziness, and headache. Passengers perceived that the rail transit was noisy, and much noisier in the carriages. ConclusionPassengers are basically satisfied with the hygienic environment of rail transit. It is necessary to focus on strengthening the hygiene and cleanliness of toilets and X-ray luggage inspection systems in the future rail transit hygienic design and management. Passengers are uncomfortable with the air quality, congestion and noise in the rail transit environment. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the management and control of the centralized air conditioning and ventilation systems, enhance fresh air volume, reduce ambient noise, and focus on controlling the hygiene environment in the carriages in order to improve the comfort and satisfaction of passengers in the rail transit environment.

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