Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 850
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921754

ABSTRACT

To investigate the potential molecular markers and drug-compound-target mechanism of Mahuang Shengma Decoction(MHSM) in the intervention of acute lung injury(ALI) by network pharmacology and experimental verification. Databases such as TCMSP, TCMIO, and STITCH were used to predict the possible targets of MHSM components and OMIM and Gene Cards were employed to obtain ALI targets. The common differentially expressed genes(DEGs) were therefore obtained. The network diagram of DEGs of MHSM intervention in ALI was constructed by Cytoscape 3. 8. 0, followed by Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment analyses of target genes. The ALI model was induced by abdominal injection of lipopolysaccharide(LPS) in mice. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF) was collected for the detection of inflammatory factors. Pathological sectioning and RT-PCR experiments were performed to verify the therapeutic efficacy of MHSM on ALI. A total of 494 common targets of MHSM and ALI were obtained. Among the top 20 key active compounds of MHSM, 14 from Ephedrae Herba were found to be reacted with pivotal genes of ALI [such as tumor necrosis factor(TNF), tumor protein 53(TP53), interleukin 6(IL6), Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4), and nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB)/p65(RELA)], causing an uncontrolled inflammatory response with activated cascade amplification. Pathway analysis revealed that the mechanism of MHSM in the treatment of ALI mainly involved AGE-RAGE, cancer pathways, PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway, and NF-κB signaling pathway. The findings demonstrated that MHSM could dwindle the content of s RAGE, IL-6, and TNF-α in the BALF of ALI mice, relieve the infiltration of inflammatory cells in the lungs, inhibit alveolar wall thickening, reduce the acute inflammation-induced pulmonary congestion and hemorrhage, and counteract transcriptional activities of Ager-RAGE and NF-κB p65. MHSM could also synergically act on the target DEGs of ALI and alleviate pulmonary pathological injury and inflammatory response, which might be achieved by inhibiting the expression of the key gene Ager-RAGE in RAGE/NF-κB signaling pathway and downstream signal NF-κB p65.


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury/genetics , Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Lipopolysaccharides , Lung/metabolism , Mice , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products/metabolism , Signal Transduction
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2857-2864, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921246

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUNDS@#Physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) have been associated with mortality, while the joint association with mortality is rarely reported among Chinese population. We aimed to examine the independent and joint association of PA and SB with all-cause mortality in southern China.@*METHODS@#A cohort of 12,608 China Hypertension Survey participants aged ≥35 years were enrolled in 2013 to 2014, with a follow-up period of 5.4 years. Baseline self-reported PA and SB were collected via the questionnaire. Kaplan-Meier curves (log-rank test) and Cox proportional hazards regression were performed to evaluate the associations of PA and SB on all-cause mortality.@*RESULTS@#A total of 11,744 eligible participants were included in the analysis. Over an average of 5.4 years of follow-up, 796 deaths occurred. The risk of all-cause mortality was lower among participants with high PA than those with low to moderate level (5.2% vs. 8.9%; hazards ratio [HR]: 0.75, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.61-0.87). Participants with SB ≥ 6 h had a higher risk of all-cause mortality than those with SB <6 h (7.8% vs. 6.0%; HR: 1.37, 95% CI: 1.17-1.61). Participants with prolonged SB (≥6 h) and inadequate PA (low to moderate) had a higher risk of all-cause mortality compared to those with SB < 6 h and high PA (11.2% vs. 4.9%; HR: 1.67, 95% CI: 1.35-2.06). Even in the participants with high PA, prolonged SB (≥6 h) was still associated with the higher risk of all-cause mortality compared with SB < 6 h (7.0% vs. 4.9%; HR: 1.33, 95% CI: 1.12-1.56).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Among Chinese population, PA and SB have a joint association with the risk of all-cause mortality. Participants with inadequate PA and prolonged SB had the highest risk of all-cause mortality compared with others.


Subject(s)
Exercise , Humans , Proportional Hazards Models , Sedentary Behavior , Self Report , Surveys and Questionnaires
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911267

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of intrathecal morphine and fentanyl on interferon (IFN)-γ levels in hippocampus and plasma of rats with incisional pain.Methods:Ninety-six healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats in which intrathecal catheters were successfully inserted, weighing 180-220 g, aged 6-8 weeks, were divided into 4 groups ( n=24 each) using a random number table method: normal saline group (group NS), incisional pain group (group P), morphine and fentanyl group (group MF) and morphine and fentanyl with incisional pain group (group MFP). Incisional pain model was established in group P and group MFP.At 20 min before the model was established, a 50 μl mixture of morphine 5 μg/kg and fentanyl 0.25 μg/kg was intrathecally injected in group MF and group MFP, while normal saline 50 μl was injected intrathecally in group NS and group P. At 24 h before establishment of the model (T 0) and at 1, 6, 24, 48 and 72 h after establishment of the model (T 1-5), 6 mice were randomly selected from each group for determination of the mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal paw withdrawal latency (TWL). The animals were sacrificed and hippocampal tissues and blood samples from the inferior vena cava were collected for determination of IFN-γ levels in hippocampal tissues and plasma (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). Results:Compared with group NS, MWT was significantly decreased and TWL was shortened at T 1-5, and IFN-γ concentration in plasma was decreased at T 2, 3 and T 5 in group P, MWT was increased and TWL was prolonged at T 1-3 in group MF, MWT was decreased and TWL was shortened at T 1-3 in group MFP, and IFN-γ concentration in plasma was decreased at T 2 in MF and MFP groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group P, MWT was increased, TWL was prolonged at T 1-5, and IFN-γ concentration in plasma was increased at T 2, 3 and T 5 in MF and MFP groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group MF, MWT was decreased and TWL was shortened at T 1-4, and IFN-γ concentration in plasma was increased at T 2 and T 3 in MFP ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in IFN-γ concentration at each time point among the 4 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Intrathecal morphine and fentanyl can increase plasma IFN-γ concentration, and improve peripheral immunosuppression.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910452

ABSTRACT

Objective:A two-dimensional (2D) in-house-built scintillator detection system (SDS) was utilized for quality assurance of the active spot scanning proton and heavy ion accelerator, aiming to establish a rapid detection method and provide reference for the quality of proton and heavy ion beam (spot position, spot size, virtual source-to-axis distance, profile depth dose distribution and beam range).Methods:The SDS consisted of a ceramic gadolinium-sulfoxylate phosphor-scintillating screen, a mirror and a commercial digital camera. The dose distribution image was obtained based on scintillator, mirror reflector and optical signal acquisition device to transform the proton and heavy ion beam into visible light through sulfur gadolinium oxide scintillator and collect visible light information to meet the clinical requirements for the quality of proton and heavy ion beam.Results:The deviation of spot position measured by multifilament proportional chamber and the SDS was less than 1mm. The differences of beam spot size measured by multifilament proportional chamber and the SDS were (1.40±0.59)mm for protons, and (0.5±0.08)mm for carbon ions. For 429.25MeV/u carbon, the virtual source-to-axis distance (V SAD) at the x-and y-axes was 751.8cm and 805.6cm. And difference between physical distance and virtual source-to-axis distance was less than 1%. The range of 287.5MeV/u carbon measured by SDS was 160mm. Conclusions:The in-house-built scintillator detector can measure beam spot position and size, virtual source, depth distribution curve and range, which can be used as an effective tool for quality assurance control of proton and heavy ion therapy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909337

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the onset and development pattern and characteristics of refeeding syndrome (RFS) induced by nutrition support and to provide reference for rational drug use in parenteral nutrition management.Methods:Case reports of RFS from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP database and Pubmed from 2000 to 2020 were retrieved. The clinical data were collected and statistically analyzed.Results:A total of 17 reports, including 17 cases, were included in the analysis. Patients were 6 males(35.29%) and 11 females (64.71%). The distribution of age was from 29 weeks in a premature neonate to 87 years old. 12 cases (70.59%) of RFS occurred within 3 days after starting the nutrition support. The most common clinical manifestation were cardiovascular system symptoms (88.23%), with dyspnea as the most reported symptom (41.17%). 15 patients (88.23%) recovered after appropriate intervention and 2 patients died(11.76%).Conclusions:Refeeding syndrome is a potentially fatal condition. The risk of RFS should be assessed before initiating nutrition support. Patients at risk of RFS must be monitored closely at the early stage of nutritional support.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878977

ABSTRACT

With the increasing incidence of hepatobiliary diseases, it is particularly important to understand the role of molecular, cellular and physiological factors in the clinical diagnosis and treatment with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in the development of liver disease. Appropriate animal models can help us identify the possible mechanisms of relevant diseases. Danio rerio(zebrafish) model was traditionally used to study embryonic development, and has been gradually used in screening and evaluation of liver diseases and relevant drug in recent years. Zebrafish embryos develop rapidly and the digestive organs of 5-day-old juvenile fish are all mature. At this stage, they may develop hepatobiliary diseases induced by developmental defects or compounds. Zebrafish liver is similar to human liver in cell composition, function, signal transduction, response to injury and cell process mediating liver disease. Furthermore, due to the high conservation of genes and proteins between humans and zebrafish, zebrafish becomes an alternative system for studying basic mechanisms of liver disease. Therefore, genetic screening could be performed to identify new genes involving specific disease processes, and chemical screening could be made for drugs in specific processes. This paper briefly introduced the experimental properties of zebrafish as model system, emphasized the study progress of zebrafish models for pathological mechanism of liver diseases, especially fatty liver, and drug screening and evaluation, so as to provide ideas and techniques for the future liver toxicity assessment of TCM.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Humans , Liver , Liver Diseases/genetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Zebrafish/genetics
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878316

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and glycemic indices, including plasma glucose (FPG), 2-hour postload glucose (2h-PG), and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), remains inconclusive. We aimed to explore the associations between glycemic indices and SUA levels in the general Chinese population.@*Methods@#The current study was a cross-sectional analysis using the first follow-up survey data from The China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort Study. A total of 105,922 community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 40 years underwent the oral glucose tolerance test and uric acid assessment. The nonlinear relationships between glycemic indices and SUA levels were explored using generalized additive models.@*Results@#A total of 30,941 men and 62,361 women were eligible for the current analysis. Generalized additive models verified the inverted U-shaped association between glycemic indices and SUA levels, but with different inflection points in men and women. The thresholds for FPG, 2h-PG, and HbA1c for men and women were 6.5/8.0 mmol/L, 11.0/14.0 mmol/L, and 6.1/6.5, respectively (SUA levels increased with increasing glycemic indices before the inflection points and then eventually decreased with further increases in the glycemic indices).@*Conclusion@#An inverted U-shaped association was observed between major glycemic indices and uric acid levels in both sexes, while the inflection points were reached earlier in men than in women.


Subject(s)
Aged , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Blood Glucose/analysis , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/blood , Female , Glucose Tolerance Test , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Glycemic Index , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Uric Acid/blood
8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 708-712, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875652

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for the simultaneous determination of euphol and euphorbol in Euphorbium resinifera,and to optimize the extraction technology. METHODS :HPLC method was adopted. The determination was performed on Agilent ZORBAX Eclipse Plus C 8 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-water (90∶10,V/V)at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelength was set at 210 nm,and column temperature was 30 ℃. The sample size was 10 μL. Using the contents of euphol and euphorbol ,yield of the extract as evaluation index ,comprehensive score was conducted. The extraction technology was optimized by L (9 34)orthogonal tests ,with ethanol volume fraction ,extraction time and solvent dosage as factors. RESULTS:The linear ranges of euphol and euphorbol were 0.030 4-1.216 mg/mL(r=0.999 6)and 0.01-0.4 mg/mL(r=0.999 9), respectively. RSDs of precision ,stability(24 h)and producibility tests were all lower than 2%. Average recoveries were 100.46% (RSD=1.03%,n=6)and 99.36%(RSD=0.91%,n=6). The optimized technology was extracting with 40 mL 95% ethanol for 1 h. After 3 times of validation tests showed that average content of euphol was 94.43 mg/g(RSD=0.92%,n=3),and that of euphorbol was 25.42 mg/g(RSD=0.98%,n=3);average yield of the extract was 51.42%(RSD=1.95%,n=3),and average comprehensive score was 98.87(RSD=0.92%,n=3). CONCLUSIONS :Established method is simple ,accurate and reproducible , which can be used for the quality control of E. resinifera . The optimized extraction technology is simple and stable.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2388-2393, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886922

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the relationship of polymorphism of clopidogrel absorption and metabolism related genes CYP2C19(* 2,* 3,* 17),ABCB1 C3435T and PON1 Q192R in patients with coronary heart disease in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region ,and to explore the characteristics of population and combined diseases. METHODS :A total of 1 126 patients with coronary heart disease who underwent clopidogrel absorption and metabolism related gene testing during hospitalization in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from January 2016 to June 2020 were included as the study subjects. The gender,age,body mass index (BMI),nationality and the proportion of combined with hypertension and diabetes were compared among different CYP2C19 metabolic phenotypes and ABCB1 C3435T and PON1 Q192R genotypes. RESULTS :Among 1 126 patients,1 126 had CYP2C19 * 2,* 3 and * 17 genotypes,1 109 had ABCB1 C3435T genotype and 1 123 had PON1 Q192R genotype. The distribution of each genotype was in line with Hardy-Weinberg balance (P>0.05). There were 66(5.86%), com 459(40.76%),476(42.27%) and 125(11.10%)patients with CYP2C19 ultra-rapid metabolizer (UM), extensive metabolizer(EM),intermediate metabolizer (IM)and poor metabolizer(PM),respectively. The proportion of patients with UM metabolism phenotype with BMI >24 was significantly higher than those of patients with IM and PM metabolism phenotypes (P<0.05). The proportion of Han nationality patients with UM metabolic phenotype was significantly lower than those of patients with EM ,IM and PM metabolic phenotypes (P<0.05);the proportion of Uygur nationality was significantly higher than that of patients with EM ,IM and PM metabolic phenotypes (P< 0.05). There were 355,538 and 216 patients with ABCB1 C3435T wild-type(CC),heterozygous(CT)and mutant homozygous (TT)genotypes,respectively;the proportion of Han nationality in TT genotype patients was significantly lower than that in CC and CT genotype patients (P<0.05),and the proportion of Uygur nationality was significantly higher than that in CC and CT genotype patients (P<0.05);the proportion of TT genotype patients with diabetes was significantly higher than that of patients with CT genotype (P<0.05). There were 365,519 and 239 patients with PON1 Q192R wild-type(GG),heterozygous(GA)and mutant homozygous (AA),respectively;the proportion of Han nationality in AA genotype patients was significantly lower than that in GG and GA genotype patients (P<0.05),and the proportion of Uygur nationality was significantly higher than that of GG and GA genotype patients (P<0.05);the proportion of Han nationality and BMI ≤24 in patients with AA genotype were significantly lower than those with GA genotype (P<0.05),and the proportion of Uygur nationality ,BMI>24 and hypertension were significantly higher than those in GA genotype patients (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS :There are significant nationality differences among patients with different CYP2C19 metabolic phenotypes and ABCB1 C3435T and PON1 Q192R genotypes. In addition,patients with BMI >24 account for high proportion among CYP2C19 UM metabolism genotype ;patients with diabetes account for high proportion among ABCB1 C3435T TT genotype ;patients with BMI >24 and hypertension account for high proportion among PON1 Q192R AA genotype.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2066-2073, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886740

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To explo re the potential molecular mechanism of ursolic acid in the treatment of osteoporosis (OP). METHODS:TCMSP,PubMed database and UniProt database were used to screen potential targets of monomer compound ursolic acid. OP related target genes were searched with GeneCards database. The common target genes of component-disease were obtained by Venny 2.1 online mapping tool. The protein-protein interaction (PPI)network of component-disease common target genes was constructed by using STRING database ,and topological analysis was carried out ;the core target genes ,whose degree value was greater than the average degree value ,were screened. GO functional annotation and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis of component-disease common target genes were carried out by DAVID database. AutoDock Vina 1.1.2 software was used for molecular docking ,using protein encoded by the core target gene as receptor and ursolic acid as ligand. RESULTS :A total of 55 ursolic acid related target genes and 4 273 OP related target genes were excavated ,with a total of 44 common target genes. PPI network with above common target genes included 44 nodes and 513 edges,with an average node degree of 23.3. There were 24 core target genes ,including VEGFA,TP53,IL6,CASP3. There were 340 GO functional items were enriched (corrected P< 0.05),including 263 biological processes (negative regulation of apoptosis ,etc.),25 molecular functions (protein binding ,etc.) and 52 cell components (cytosol,etc.). There were 90 KEGG signaling pathways (corrected P<0.05),such as tumor pathway , hepatitis B pathway ,TNF signaling pathway ,viral carcinogenesis and phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K-Akt) signaling pathway. The binding energy between ursolic acid and 6 proteins encoded by core target genes such as TP53 was lower than -5 kcal/mol,which had strong binding activity. CONCLUSIONS :The therapeutic effect of ursolic acid on OP may be achieved by regulating VEGFA,TP53,IL6,CASP3,JUN and other core target genes and acting on multiple key pathways such as cancer pathway , hepatitis B and TNF signaling

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885968

ABSTRACT

The development of new media technologies and the proposal of Healthy China program have provided new technical support and policy endorsement for health services.At the same time, knowledge adaptability, service efficiency and cooperation mode are bringing forth challenges to traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) knowledge management. This study, citing the National famous doctor inheritance studios as an example, introduced the dimension of knowledge value into the knowledge management of TCM, constructed the cycle path of knowledge management, and analyzed the process of knowledge management, knowledge output and application, for the purposes of exploring the main reasons for the dilemma of knowledge sharing in the communities of National famous doctor inheritance studios.Finally, the paper put forward targeted measures in the following aspects: the creation of inheritance and innovation value chain, the expansion of social cooperation mode, the refinement of health service path and the integration of human resources. These measures aim to provide references for guiding the reform of TCM knowledge management and improving the value creation of TCM knowledge.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884809

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the characteristics of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT imaging in adult patients with infectious mononucleosis (IM). Methods:18F-FDG PET/CT imaging data and clinical data of 5 IM patients (all males, age 18-77 years) detected in the Department of Nuclear Medicine of the East Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University from July 2015 to July 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. Distribution of lymphatic tissues in the lesions (lymph nodes, tonsils, bone marrow, liver, etc) and 18F-FDG radioactive uptake in the lesions were analyzed semiquantitatively. Results:In 5 patients with IM, the volume of superficial lymph nodes (mainly distributed in the neck, axilla, and groin lymph nodes) and deep lymph nodes (mainly distributed in the mediastinum, hilum of lung, abdominal cavity and posterior abdominal cavity) increased to varying degrees, as well as the FDG uptake. Maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max) of superficial lymph nodes were 1.2-7.3, and those of deep lymph nodes were 3.5-9.7. All patients showed diffuse uptake of FDG in bone marrow, with SUV max of 3.0-7.9. All patients had pharyngeal tonsillar enlargement and FDG uptake increasing, with SUV max of 1.7-13.4. Compared with patients with lymphoma, IM patients had more organ involvement and relatively lower radioactive uptake. Conclusion:18F-FDG PET/CT imaging features of IM can help the diagnosis of IM.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 687-693, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884761

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate surgical methods and clinical effects of tibial pseudarthrosis due to neurofibromatosis type I (NF1) in adult using Ilizarov technique combined with intramedullary nail.Methods:A total of 12 adult with tibial pseudarthrosis due to NF1 treated by Ilizarov technique combined with intramedullary nail from October 2009 to December 2017 were retrospectively included. There were 6 males and 6 females with an average age of 27±8.3 years (range 17-44). All cases presented severe anterior arch in varus or valgus deformity with shortening in an average of 10.8±3.7 cm (range 5.6-16.5 cm). The in-volved levels were at the middle and lower part of tibia. All cases suffered from more than one treatment with failed surgery. One male patient with 5 times of unsuccessful operations. There were 4 cases with severe limping gait and 8 cases with walking with the help of brace (or single crutch) preoperatively. Regarding the family history, seven cases were inherited by father and 5 cases by mother. During surgery, the part of tibial pseudarthrosis and thickened fibrous tissue surroundings like periosteal were removed. The contracture achilles tendon was elongated in open way, and intramedullary nailing cross the ankle joint was applied when the tibial medullary cavity opened. Further, iliac bone grafting and proximal tibial osteotomy were performed with Ilizarov fixator application finally. The tibia was lengthened at a rate of 0.5-1 mm/d at 7 days postoperatively. The healing rate of pseudarthrosis and the length and alignment of limb were evaluated by X-ray routinely. The lower limb function and complications were assessed by self-made table for lower limb deformity correction and functional reconstruction.Results:All patients were followed up for 31-80 months with an average of 47.6±14.7 months. Bone union of pseudarthrosis in all cases was eventually achieved. The tibia was lengthened 5-12 cm with an average of 8.4±2.5 cm. There were 9 cases underwent second surgeries to promote bone healing and to correct residual deformities. The external fixator was used for 25-37 months with an average of 31.5±3.7 months. There was no complication, including neurovascular injury, severe soft tissue or bone infection affecting the clinical effects. All intramedullary nails were not removed finally. The limb function and gait in full weight bearing in 12 patients recovered at the latest follow-up. The evaluation score was 2.4±0.3 (range 2.1-2.8), of which 9 cases were excellent 3 were good. Thus, the excellent and good rate was 100%.Conclusion:The satisfactory clinical effects, including angular deformity correction, pseudarthrosis healing and short limb lengthening, can be achieved in adult with tibial pseudarthrosis due to NF1 by using the combination method of Ilizarov technique and intramedullary nail. However, the treatment duration could be longer.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883930

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of childhood psychological abuse, neglect and alexithymia on the boredom proneness of college students.Methods:The boredom proneness scale for college students(BPS), child psychological abuse and neglect scale (CPANS) and the Toronto alexithymia scale (TAS-20) were used to investigate 1 557 college students, and SPSS 22.0 was used for descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and regression analysis.Results:Childhood psychological abuse (26.540±8.985), neglect (32.665±10.651), recognition emotion in alexithymia dimension (19.359±4.835), description emotion dimension (14.173±3.001), extroverted thinking dimension in alexithymia (20.383±3.429) had positive correlation with the total score of boredom tendency (101.109±19.735) and the dimension of external stimulus (66.022±21.079)( r=0.160-0.559, all P<0.01). And there were negative correlations with the internal stimulus dimension (35.132±8.207)( r=-0.302--0.104, all P<0.01). The hierarchical regression analysis showed that after controlling the effects of gender and age, psychological abuse and neglect were the influencing factors of boredom proneness, internal stimulus and external stimulus, which explained 14.3%, 5.1% and 18.2% of the total variation (△ F=130.561, 41.968, 172.711, all P<0.01). Recognition of emotions, description of emotions and extroverted thinking in alexithymia were the influencing factors of boredom proneness, internal stimulus and external stimulus, which explained 17.5%, 9.9% and 25.5% of the total variation (△ F=134.274, 60.696, 234.383, all P<0.01). Conclusion:Childhood psychological abuse, neglect and alexithymia have significant effect on boredom proneness of college students, and mainly on external stimuli of boredom proneness. Among them, alexithymia has the greatest influence and the highest explanatory power.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883475

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of bifidobacterium tetravaccine tablets combined with low-dose erythromycin on the efficacy and motilin (MTL) levels in the treatment of children with functional dyspepsia (FD).Methods:One hundred and fifty children with FD admitted to Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center from January 2019 to June 2020 were selected and were divided into two groups by random number table, with 75 cases in each group. The control group was treated with bifidobacterium tetravaccine tablets, and the observation group was treated with low-dose erythromycin on the basis of control group. The clinical efficacy and the disappearance time of the clinical symptoms of the two groups were compared. The changes in the frequency of gastric antrum contraction (ACF), the amplitude of gastric antrum contraction (ACA), the gastric antral movement index (MI) were detected by ultrasonic developing-out unit before and after treatment. The levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), nitric oxide (NO), gastrin (GAS) and MTL were detected before and after the treatment using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The incidence of adverse reactions was counted. The recurrence rate was recorded after 6 months of the treatment.Results:The total effective rate in the observation group was higher than that in the control group:93.33% (70/75) vs. 78.67% (59/75), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 6.700, P<0.05). The disappearance time of symptoms of nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, abdominal distension, and abdominal pain in the observation group were shorter than those in the control group: (2.58 ± 0.45) d vs. (3.22 ± 0.68) d, (3.56 ± 0.62) d vs. (4.10 ± 0.70) d, (2.54 ± 0.46) d vs. (3.24 ± 0.69) d, (2.66 ± 0.56) d vs. (3.40 ± 0.67) d, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The levels of ACF, ACA and MI in the observation group after the treatment were higher than those in the control group: (4.32 ± 0.90) times/min vs. (3.58 ± 0.83) times/min, (0.34 ± 0.12) vs. (0.30 ± 0.10) mm, (1.33 ± 0.42) vs. (1.14 ± 0.30), and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The levels of 5-HT and NO in the observation group after the treatment were lower than those in the control group: (164.77 ± 30.34) mg/L vs. (184.45 ± 28.90) mg/L, (38.27 ± 10.20) mmol/L vs. (46.54 ± 9.48) mmol/L; and the levels of GAS and MTL were higher than those in the control group: (115.23 ± 15.70) ng/L vs. (98.50 ± 14.29) ng/L, (266.67 ± 32.76) ng/L vs. (238.40 ± 28.97) ng/L, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The treatment of pediatric FD with bifidobacterium tetravaccine tablets combined with low-dose erythromycin can significantly improve the efficacy, quickly improve the clinical symptoms of children, promote physical recovery, and regulate MTL levels to improve gastric motility. The recurrence rate is low.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883245

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of radical resection for lung metastasis from colorectal cancer and the prognostic factors.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 63 colorectal cancer patients with lung metastasis who were admitted to Peking University Cancer Hospital from January 2004 to December 2015 were collected. There were 35 males and 28 females, aged (57±12)years. Patients underwent radical resection for primary lesion and lung metastasis from colorectal cancer. Observation indicators: (1) diagnosis and treatment; (2) follow-up and survival; (3) prognostic factors analysis. Follow-up was conducte by outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect the survival of patients after operation up to December 2018. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range). Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rates and draw survival curves. Log-rank test was used for univariate analysis and COX proportional hazard model was used for multivariate analysis. Results:(1) Diagnosis and treatment: of 63 patients with lung metastasis from colorectal cancer, 6 had synchronous lung metastasis and 57 had metachronous lung metastasis. Eighteen cases of suspected lung metastasis were initially detected by chest X-ray, and further confirmed by computed tomography (CT). Forty-five cases of suspected lung metastasis were initially detected by chest CT. All the 63 patients underwent radical resection for primary and metastatic lesions. Two of 22 cases undergoing mediastinal lymph nodes dissection were detected one positive lymph node, respectively. All patients recovered well after operation, without severe complications. There were 57 of 63 patients receiving more than 6 months of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy and targeted therapy based on fluorouracils. (2) Follow-up and survival: 63 patients were followed up for 8-143 months, with a median follow-up time of 58 months. During the follow-up, 19 of 63 patients died, 24 patients had secondary recurrence with a 5-year recurrence rate of 38.1%(24/63) and a recurrence interval of 18 months(range, 3-58 months). Of 24 patients with secondary recurrence, 19 had lung metastasis, 3 had brain metastasis, 2 had bone metastasis, 2 had liver metastasis; some patients had multiple metastases. Of 24 patients with secondary recurrence, 5 underwent reoperation and 19 underwent chemotherapy and radiochemotherapy. The 5-year overall survival rate of 63 patients was 62.7%. (3) Prognostic factors analysis: results of univariate analysis showed that location of primary lesion, the number of lung metastases and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level before resection of lung metastasis were related factors for prognosis of patients with lung metastasis from colorectal cancer ( χ2=4.162, 7.175, 6.725, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that the number of lung metastases and CEA level before resection of lung metastasis were independent influencing factors for prognosis of patients with lung metastasis from colorectal cancer ( hazard ratio=2.725, 2.778, 95% confidence interval as 1.051-7.064, 1.072-7.021, P<0.05). Conclusions:Radical resection for lung metastasis from colorectal cancer is safe and feasible. The number of lung metastases and CEA level before resection for lung metastasis are independent influencing factors for prognosis of patients with lung metastasis from colorectal cancer.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880438

ABSTRACT

In order to solve the problems of slow operation speed and low registration accuracy of thin plate spline (TPS) interpolation method for motion vector field in coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA), a multi-level B-spline interpolation method (MBS) with uniform grid is proposed. On the one hand, the interpolation method used local B-spline to refine the sparse mesh layer by layer in a multiscale way to improve the accuracy of registration. On the other hand, it used the splitting matrix method to interpolate the motion vector field, greatly reducing the operation time of interpolation. The experimental results show that the proposed method can be used for CTA image registration efficiently.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Computed Tomography Angiography , Heart , Motion , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888480

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the association between cesarean section and sensory integration dysfunction (SID) in preschool children through a prospective cohort study.@*METHODS@#Based on the multicenter mother-infant cohort established by the Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine and the International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine in 2012, the sensory integration functions (three dimensions: vestibular balance, tactile defensiveness, and proprioception) of 392 preschool children were evaluated by the Chinese Children Sensory Integration Capacity Development Rating Scale in 2017. Births by cesarean section were the exposure factors, and the children born by vaginal delivery were enrolled as controls. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association of cesarean section with each dimension of SID.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence rate of SID was 21.9% (86/392) among the preschool children, and the prevalence rates of vestibular balance disorder, tactile over-responsivity, and proprioceptive disorder were 5.9% (23/392), 5.4% (21/392), and 15.1% (59/392) respectively. After adjustment for the confounding factors including maternal age at delivery and maternal educational level and child birth situation, the cesarean section group had a significant increase in the risk of proprioceptive disorder (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Cesarean section can significantly increase the risk of proprioceptive disorder in preschool children, especially in boys.


Subject(s)
Cesarean Section , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Delivery, Obstetric , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Pregnancy , Prospective Studies
19.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 415-420, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888428

ABSTRACT

To improve the diagnostic efficiency of prostate cancer (PCa) and reduce unnecessary biopsies, we defined and analyzed the diagnostic efficiency of peripheral zone prostate-specific antigen (PSA) density (PZ-PSAD). Patients who underwent systematic 12-core prostate biopsies in Shanghai General Hospital (Shanghai, China) between January 2012 and January 2018 were retrospectively identified (n = 529). Another group of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (n = 100) were randomly preselected to obtain the PSA density of the non-PCa cohort (N-PSAD). Prostate volumes and transition zone volumes were measured using multiparameter magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and were combined with PSA and N-PSAD to obtain the PZ-PSAD from a specific algorithm. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to assess the PCa detection efficiency in patients stratified by PSA level, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of PZ-PSAD was higher than that of PSA, PSA density (PSAD), and transition zone PSA density (TZ-PSAD). PZ-PSAD could amend the diagnosis for more than half of the patients with inaccurate transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) and mpMRI results. When TRUS and mpMRI findings were ambiguous to predict PCa (PIRADS score ≤3), PZ-PSAD could increase the positive rate of biopsy from 21.7% to 54.7%, and help 63.8% (150/235) of patients avoid unnecessary prostate biopsy. In patients whose PSA was 4.0-10.0 ng ml

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888143

ABSTRACT

The combination of normal-phase silica gel column chromatography, octadecyl silica(ODS) column chromatography, semi-preparative high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), etc. was employed to isolate and purify the chemical components from Euphorbia resinifera, and 7 triterpenoids were separated from the ethanol extract of the medicinal materials. Their structures were identified by various spectroscopy methods as cycloartan-1,24-diene-3-one(1), cycloartan-1,24-diene-3-ol(2), 3β-hydroxy-lanosta-8,24-diene-11-one(3), lnonotusane C(4), eupha-8,24-diene-3β-ol-7,11-dione(5), eupha-24-methylene-8-ene-3β-ol-7,11-dione(6), and eupha-8,24-diene-3β,11β-diol-7-one(7). Compounds 1 and 2 are new compounds, and compound 3 is obtained from nature for the first time.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Euphorbia , Molecular Structure , Triterpenes
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL