Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 287
Filter
1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2175-2185, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921109

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Macrophages are involved in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, partially by activating lung fibroblasts. However, how macrophages communicate with lung fibroblasts is largely unexplored. Exosomes can mediate intercellular communication, whereas its role in lung fibrogenesis is unclear. Here we aim to investigate whether exosomes can mediate the crosstalk between macrophages and lung fibroblasts and subsequently induce fibrosis.@*METHODS@#In vivo, bleomycin (BLM)-induced lung fibrosis model was established and macrophages infiltration was examined. The effects of GW4869, an exosomes inhibitor, on lung fibrosis were assessed. Moreover, macrophage exosomes were injected into mice to observe its pro-fibrotic effects. In vitro, exosomes derived from angiotensin II (Ang II)-stimulated macrophages were collected. Then, lung fibroblasts were treated with the exosomes. Twenty-four hours later, protein levels of α-collagen I, angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), and phospho-Smad2/3 (p-Smad2/3) in lung fibroblasts were examined. The Student's t test or analysis of variance were used for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#In vivo, BLM-treated mice showed enhanced infiltration of macrophages, increased fibrotic alterations, and higher levels of Ang II and AT1R. GW4869 attenuated BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis. Mice with exosomes injection showed fibrotic features with higher levels of Ang II and AT1R, which was reversed by irbesartan. In vitro, we found that macrophages secreted a great number of exosomes. The exosomes were taken by fibroblasts and resulted in higher levels of AT1R (0.22 ± 0.02 vs. 0.07 ± 0.02, t = 8.66, P = 0.001), TGF-β (0.54 ± 0.05 vs. 0.09 ± 0.06, t = 10.00, P < 0.001), p-Smad2/3 (0.58 ± 0.06 vs. 0.07 ± 0.03, t = 12.86, P < 0.001) and α-collagen I (0.27 ± 0.02 vs. 0.16 ± 0.01, t = 7.01, P = 0.002), and increased Ang II secretion (62.27 ± 7.32 vs. 9.56 ± 1.68, t = 12.16, P < 0.001). Interestingly, Ang II increased the number of macrophage exosomes, and the protein levels of Alix (1.45 ± 0.15 vs. 1.00 ± 0.10, t = 4.32, P = 0.012), AT1R (4.05 ± 0.64 vs. 1.00 ± 0.09, t = 8.17, P = 0.001), and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (2.13 ± 0.36 vs. 1.00 ± 0.10, t = 5.28, P = 0.006) were increased in exosomes secreted by the same number of macrophages, indicating a positive loop between Ang II and exosomes production.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Exosomes mediate intercellular communication between macrophages and fibroblasts plays an important role in BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin II , Animals , Bleomycin/toxicity , Exosomes , Fibroblasts , Lung , Macrophages , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Pulmonary Fibrosis/chemically induced , Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912838

ABSTRACT

Cloud technology and the Internet of things ( IOT) technology can be used in building the patient-centered critical care medical information platform.The platform could inenable medical staff to efficiently obtain critical care medical information, and raise critical patients′ cure rates. The authors introduced the critical process of rapidly building and improving the urgent care medical information integration platform in a campus of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University Medical School.The IOT platform could effectively interconnect a variety of critical care medical equipments, and features such functions as vital signs monitoring and life support, bedside treatment data retrieval, remote diagnosis and treatment, and cloud sharing. The platform featured the advantages of complete information integration, fast construction, and satisfactory system extensibility. It could improve the medical work efficiency, improve the effect of critical care, and reduce the frequency of contact with patients, hence providing references for rapidly establishing a vital care treatment platform for public health events.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908248

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect of moderate exercise therapy and fracture liaison service in osteoporotic hip fracture.Methods:From June 2018 to June 2020, 120 patients with osteoporotic hip fracture admitted to Nanjing Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University were selected. The patients were divided into study group and control group by random number table method, 60 cases in each group. The control group was treated with routine nursing and moderate exercise therapy, and the control group was treated with fracture liaison service, clinical observation and comparison of treatment compliance, bone mineral density (BMD), Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) score and nursing satisfaction before and after intervention.Results:The BMD and NRS scores in the study group were (0.90±0.25) g/cm 2, (1.0±0.3) points, higher than those in the control group (0.80±0.18) g/cm 2, (1.0±0.25) points. The difference was statistically significant ( t values were 2.514, 2.547, P<0.05). The total compliance rate and nursing satisfaction of the study group were 93.30% (56/60) and 95.00% (57/60) respectively, which were significantly higher than 80.00% (48/60) and 83.33% (50/60) of the control group. The difference was statistically significant ( χ 2 values were 4.615, 4.227, P<0.05). Conclusion:Moderate exercise therapy and fracture contact service intervention can effectively improve bone mineral density and total compliance rate, relieve pain and improve nursing satisfaction.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905834

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aims to observe the effect of baicalein on the clonal formation of triple negative breast cancer MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 cells, and to explore the mediation role of Yes- related protein (YAP) in it. Method:MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 cells were treated with baicalein. Thiazole blue (MTT) colorimetric method was used to detect cell proliferation ability. Plate cloning experiments was used to detect the colony forming ability. Immunofluorescence method was used to detect the nuclear distribution of YAP, and Western blot test was used to detect the protein expression levels of YAP large tumor suppressor factor 1 (LATS1), YAP, phosphorylated Yes- related protein(p-YAP) and phosphorylated YAP large tumor suppressor factor 1 (p-LATS1). Result:Compared with the blank group, baicalein (40, 80, 160 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) significantly inhibited the proliferation ability of MDA-MB-468 and MDA-MB-231 cells (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and the inhibitory effect was dose-dependent. The half inhibit concentration(IC<sub>50</sub>) of baicalein against MDA-MB-468 and MDA-MB-231 cells were (80.3±7.2),(70.4±6.5) μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>, respectively. Compared with blank group, baicalein (5, 10, 20 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) had no significant effect on the proliferation of MDA-MB-468 and MDA-MB-231 cells, and the difference was not statistically significant. Compared with the blank group, baicalein (5, 10, 20 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) significantly dose-dependently reduced the cell colony formation rates of MDA-MB-468 and MDA-MB-231 cells (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and baicalein (10, 20 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) significantly inhibited the nuclear expression of YAP in MDA-MB-468 and MDA-MB-231 cells in a dose-dependent manner(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Also, baicalin (5, 10, 20 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) significantly up-regulated p-YAP and p-LATS1 protein expressions in MDA-MB-468 cells in a dose-dependent manner (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Baicalein (10, 20 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) significantly up-regulated p-YAP and p-LATS1 protein expressions in MDA-MB-231 cells in a dose-dependent manner (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Baicalein can inhibit colony formation of triple negative breast cancer MDA-MB-468 and MDA-MB-231 cells by mediating the reduction of YAP entry into the nucleus.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878965

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Lianhua Qingwen in the treatment of adult pneumonia. The randomized controlled trial of Lianhua Qingwen combined with conventional Western medicine in the treatment of pneumonia were retrieved from PubMed, EMbase, Wanfang database, VIP database, and CNKI from the establishment of database to March 2020. Two researchers independently conducted literature screening and data extraction, and the third researcher was in charge of arbitration in case of any disagreement. Outcome indicators included total clinical effective rate, symptom improvement time, and incidence of adverse events. R 3.6.1 was used for Meta-analysis, and RevMan 5.3 was used for quality evaluation. Twenty-two studies were included, with a total of 2 007 patients, including 1 017 patients in the experimental group and 990 patients in the control group. The results showed that the total clinical effective rate of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group(RR=1.11, 95%CI[1.08, 1.15], P<0.001), and the antifebrile time(MD=-1.81, 95%CI[-2.42,-1.21], P<0.001), cough duration(MD=-2.32, 95%CI[-2.89,-1.76], P<0.001), rale duration(MD=-2.19, 95%CI[-2.74,-1.63], P<0.001), imaging recovery time(MD=-2.17, 95%CI[-2.76,-1.58], P<0.001) and post-treatment CRP(MD=-4.07, 95%CI[-6.39,-1.75], P<0.001] were all significantly lower than those of the control group. However, it did not proved that the experimental group was safer than the control group(RR=0.84, 95%CI[0.57, 1.24], P=0.382). The results confirmed that Lianhua Qingwen combined with conventional Western medicine in the treatment of pneumonia could improve the clinical treatment efficiency, shorten the time of fever, cough, rale disappearance and imaging recovery, improve CRP index and accelerate the recovery of pneumonia patients. However, the literatures included in this study had a low quality, and the conclusions still need to be further confirmed by more high-quality, multi-center, rigorously designed randomized controlled trial.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cough , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans , Pneumonia/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885837

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence and risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in extremely preterm infants (EPI) before 28 weeks of gestation during 8-years period.Methods:A retrospective study. From January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2018, 300 EPI infants with a gestational age of less than 28 weeks admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Tianjin Central Hospital of Gynecology Obstetrics were included in the study. EPI birth gestational week (GA), birth weight (BW), gender and other basic information, as well as neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, oxygen (≥10 d), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and other hospitalizations and complications were recorded. According to ROP international classification standards, ROP was staged. Severe ROP was defined as ROP that requires treatment. The screening start time, screening interval, and intervention time of all children tested were carried out in accordance with the requirements of the "Guidelines for Screening Retinopathy of Prematurity" until the end of follow-up. The most severe ROP during the follow-up of each examined child was recorded as the final screening result of the examined child, and those with asymmetric eyes with the screening results of the severe side of the diseas was recorded. A retrospective analysis of the overall incidence of EPI ROP showed the incidence of severe ROP, and the first and second stages of EPI ROP during the 8 years (from January 1 , 2011 to December 31, 2014, and January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2018), changes in the rate of severe illness. Logistic regression analysis was used to screen independent risk factors for severe ROP.Results:Among 300 EPI infants, the average GA was (26.7±1.8) weeks; the average BW was (993.3±178.7) g. Two hundred and five infants (68.3%) were diagnosed with ROP, 116 (56.6%), 57 (27.8%), and 32 (15.6%) infants of stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ, and Ⅲ disease, respectively. There were no infants of stage IV and V. There were 30 infants (14.6%) with additional lesions and 59 infants (19.7%) with severe ROP requiring treatment. With the increase of GA ( χ2=52.391, 44.521; P=0.000, 0.000) and BW ( χ2=43.772, 26.138; P=0.000, 0.000), the incidence of EPI ROP and the incidence of severe ROP decreased significantly. From 2011 to 2018, the number of people surviving EPI obviously increased, especially those with small GA (26 weeks) and low BW (750 g). The average GA of the second stage EPI was lower than that of the first stage, the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.243, P=0.026); the average BW of the second stage EPI was lower than the first stage, the difference was not statistically significant ( t=1.428, P=0.154). The incidence of ROP in the second stage EPI was slightly higher than that in the first stage, and the incidence of severe ROP was lower than that in the first stage, the difference was not statistically significant ( χ2=1.069, 1.723; P=0.301, 0.189). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that GA<27 weeks ( β=-2.584, P=0.032), maternal chorioamnionitis (CA) ( β=-0.935, P=0.038) and BPD ( β=-1.432, P=0.001) was an independent risk factor for severe ROP. Conclusions:The incidence of EPI ROP and severe ROP are 68.3% and 19.7%, respectively. From 2011 to 2018, the number of survivors of EPI obviously increase, and those with small GA and low BW increase significantly; however, the incidence of ROP and severe ROP remaine stable. GA, CA and BPD are independent risk factors for severe ROP.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885825

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors of massive bleeding in patients with acute Stanford type A aortic dissection undergoing moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest repair.Methods:From January 2016 to October 2017, 486 consecutive patients with acute type A aortic dissection were included in the study. All operations were performed with moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest. The basic clinical data of patients were collected retrospectively. Massive bleeding was defined according to definition of Universal Definition of Perioperative Bleeding(UDPB) 4 class and the Blood Conservation Using Antifibrinolytics in a Randomized Trial(BART). Significant variables in univariate analysis were included in multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results:Thirty-four patients(7.00%) died in hospital. A total of one hundred and eighty-seven patients(38.48%) fulfilled criteria of the definition of BART massive bleeding. Forty-five patients(9.26%), 8 patients(1.65%), 114 patients(23.46%), 147 patients(30.25%) and 172 patients(35.39%) were in grade 0, grade 1, grade 2 and grade 4, respectively. With BART as the end point, the result of multivariate logistic regression showed that female gender( OR=3.32, P<0.001), anemia( OR=2.24, P=0.04), clearance creatine≤85 ml/min( OR=1.93, P=0.01), D-dimer level(every 500 ng/ml increase, OR=1.02, P=0.003), cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB) time( OR=1.01, P<0.001), total arch replacement(TAR, OR=2.40, P=0.02) were independent risk factors for massive bleeding, and the time from onset to operation( OR=0.86, P=0.01) was protective factor. With UDPB 4 class as the end point, multivariate logistic regression showed that creatinine clearance≤85 ml/min( OR=2.05, P=0.001), CPB time( OR=1.01, P=0.04) were independent risk factors for massive bleeding. The time from anset to operation( OR=0.85, P=0.002) and Bentall procedure( OR=0.65, P=0.04) were the protective factors. Conclusion:Massive bleeding was more common in acute Stanford type A aortic dissection. Female gender, poor preoperative renal function, high D-dimer level, early time accepting surgical operation and long CPB were independent risk factors. For high-risk patients, simple and effective surgical methods should be taken to reduce the risk of bleeding.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885797

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of cannulating the ischemic femoral and right axillary artery in Sun’s procedure for acute type A aortic dissection with lower extremity ischemia.Methods:Twelve patients of acute Stanford type A aortic dissection complicated by lower extremity ischemia were analyzed retrospectively between July 2017 and May 2019, and the right axillary and ischemic femoral artery were used for cardiopulmonary bypass. All the 12 patients were male and categorized as the complicated Stanford type A aortic dissection. The mean age was(48.4±8.4)years, and the median time from symptom onset to emergency operation was 24.00(18.50, 43.25)hours. Eleven patients presented with unilateral extremity ischemia, while bilateral extremity ischemia occurred in one. The prosthetic vessel, with a diameter of 8 mm, was anastomosed to the ischemic femoral artery via an end-to-side way. Both the right axillary artery and the prosthetic vessel were cannulated for CPB. For the proximal dissection in this cohort of patients, we performed Bentall procedure in 5 cases, ascending aortic replacement in 3, and the aortic valve commissure reconstruction with ascending aortic replacement in 4. Total arch replacement with stented elephant trunk implantation were carried out for arch and descending aortic lesion in 12 cases.Results:Early mortality was 8.3%(1/12). The time of CPB, aortic clamp, circulatory arrest, and selective cerebral perfusion averaged(204.6±26.3) min, (114.6±16.6) min, (23.4±8.5) min, and(33.5±11.0) min, respectively. Five patients underwent concomitant bypass procedures, including: ascending aorta-bilateral femoral artery bypass in 1, ascending aorta-right femoral artery bypass in 3, ascending aorta-left femoral artery bypass in 1. Acute renal failure with continuous renal replacement therapy occurred in 4 cases, re-thoratomy for hemaostsis in 1, and re-intubation in 1. One patient developed osteofascial compartment syndrome after aortic repair, and consequent left lower extremity compartment fasciotomy was performed. The mean follow-up time was(17.2±7.6)months, and no aortic-related adverse event was detected during follow up.Conclusion:To acute Stanford type A aortic dissection with lower extremity ischemia, cannulating the ischemic femoral and right axillary artery in Sun’s procedure were associated with lower perioperative mortality and better prognosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885558

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the mortality of extremely preterm infants(EPIs) born at 22 +0-25 +6 weeks of gestation in Tianjin Central Hospital of Obstetrics and Gynecology and then compare it with data from other countries to provide evidence for better healthcare for this population. Methods:Clinical data of EPIs born at 22 +0-25 +6 gestational weeks in our center from January 2011 to December 2017 were retrospectively collected. The enrolled patients were grouped based on their gestational age, birth weight, and admission time in order to analyze the mortality in different groups. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, five sets of data regarding the mortality of EPIs born at 22 +0-25 +6 gestational weeks during the same period were retrieved from a multicenter survey involving 15 centers in China, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network (NICHD-NRN) in the United States, Canadian Neonatal Network TM, Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network (ANZNN) and Korean Neonatal Network (KNN). The mortality rate among data from different sources was compared using Chi-square test on the condition that the definition of death was the same. Besides, the causes of neonatal death were analyzed. Results:A total of 64 EPIs were enrolled in our center. The total mortality rate was 42.2% (27/64), and were 1/1, 8/10, 50.0%(10/20) and 24.2%(8/33) in EPIs of gestational age of 22 +0-22 +6, 23 +0-23 +6, 24 +0-24 +6 and 25 +0-25 +6 weeks, 5/6, 50.0%(16/32), 25.0%(6/24) and 0/2 in those with birth weight of ≤600 g, >600-≤800 g, >800-≤1 000 g and >1 000 g, respectively. In the 27 death cases in our center, the causes of death were as follows: neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (16 cases, 59.3%), sepsis (two cases, 7.4%), necrotizing enterocolitis (three cases, 11.1%), severe intraventricular hemorrhage (three cases, 11.1%) and others (three cases, 11.1%). The mortality rate was 57.1%(12/21) before 2016(2011-2015), 45.0%(9/20) in 2016 and 26.1%(6/23) in 2017. The total mortality of EPIs in our center was higher than that in Canada [42.2% vs 26.6%(165/621), χ2=7.015, P=0.008], as well as in Australia and New Zealand [42.2% vs 28.2%(140/497), χ2=5.330, P=0.021], while there was no statistically significant difference when compared with that in South Korea [42.2% vs 42.1%(218/518), χ2<0.001, P=0.988]. Conclusions:The mortality of EPIs born at 22 +0-25 +6 gestational weeks is higher in our center when compared with that in some developed countries such as Canada and Australia. Therefore, we should pay more efforts to reduce the mortality of EPIs through quality improvement.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885536

ABSTRACT

Meconium-stained amniotic fluid is one of the main risk factors for neonatal meconium aspiration syndrome, and can even cause death, which is a dangerous emergency to handle during neonatal resuscitation. Routine intubation and endotracheal suction are not recommended for non-vigorous newborns born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid in the latest international neonatal resuscitation guideline. But it is controversial due to lacking high-level evidence. We review the recent evidence for the rationale for endotracheal suction in non-vigorous neonates born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883589

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of self-teaching model based on PBL teaching combined with flipped classroom in standardized residency training of orthopedics.Methods:There were 102 cases of residents who received standardized residency training from March 2017 to February 2018 in orthopedics department of Yueyang Hospital of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, among whom 55 were randomized into the observation group and 47 were divided into the control group. Traditional teaching was applied in the control group and self-teaching model was applied additionally in the observation group. At the end of the month, the teaching effect was evaluated by the department graduation examinations and questionnaire survey. SPSS 19.0 was used for t test. Results:The ability of history inquiry, diagnosis and physical examination of the residents in the observation group were higher than those in the control group. The self-study and data access ability, confidence in presenting, and satisfaction with teaching in the observation group were better than those in the control group.Conclusion:The self-teaching mode can arouse the learning initiative of residents, and increase residents' literature retrieval ability and their learning satisfaction.

12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 137-141, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799382

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the outcomes of surgical treatment in patients of type Stanford A aortic dissection with Kommerell′s diverticulum.@*Methods@#From January 2009 to August 2017, patients of type Stanford A aortic dissection with Kommerell′s diverticulum who underwent the Sun procedure were enrolled. Patient demographic, preoperative, intraoperative, early morbidity and mortality data were collected from medical and electronic patient records. Clinical follow-up data, including late morbidity and mortality, were obtained by telephone interview with the patient.@*Results@#A total of 13 patients (11 males and 2 females; mean age 47 years) were included. The mean maximum diameter of Kommerell′s diverticulum was (21.8±7.7) mm. The Kommerell′s diverticulum was repaired by direct suture of the orifice in 3 patients, ligation of the aberrant right subclavian artery in 9 patients, and suture and ligation in 1 patient, respectively. No perioperative death occurred. One patient underwent a reexploration for bleeding. There were 2 late deaths: unknown reason in 1 patient and septic shock secondary to renal abscess in 1 patient. Reintervention was performed in one patient for a persistent type Ⅱ endoleak.@*Conclusions@#The Sun procedure with femoral artery cannulation for cardiopulmonary bypass, unilateral carotid artery cannulation for selective cerebral perfusion and ligation of aberrant right subclavian artery on the right side of the trachea is an appropriate therapeutic strategy for patients of type Stanford A aortic dissection with Kommerell′s diverticulum.

13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 137-141, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799381

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the outcomes of surgical treatment in patients of type Stanford A aortic dissection with Kommerell′s diverticulum.@*Methods@#From January 2009 to August 2017, patients of type Stanford A aortic dissection with Kommerell′s diverticulum who underwent the Sun procedure were enrolled. Patient demographic, preoperative, intraoperative, early morbidity and mortality data were collected from medical and electronic patient records. Clinical follow-up data, including late morbidity and mortality, were obtained by telephone interview with the patient.@*Results@#A total of 13 patients (11 males and 2 females; mean age 47 years) were included. The mean maximum diameter of Kommerell′s diverticulum was (21.8±7.7) mm. The Kommerell′s diverticulum was repaired by direct suture of the orifice in 3 patients, ligation of the aberrant right subclavian artery in 9 patients, and suture and ligation in 1 patient, respectively. No perioperative death occurred. One patient underwent a reexploration for bleeding. There were 2 late deaths: unknown reason in 1 patient and septic shock secondary to renal abscess in 1 patient. Reintervention was performed in one patient for a persistent type Ⅱ endoleak.@*Conclusions@#The Sun procedure with femoral artery cannulation for cardiopulmonary bypass, unilateral carotid artery cannulation for selective cerebral perfusion and ligation of aberrant right subclavian artery on the right side of the trachea is an appropriate therapeutic strategy for patients of type Stanford A aortic dissection with Kommerell′s diverticulum.

14.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831051

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3B (LC3B) serves as a key component of autophagy,which is associated with the progression of carcinoma. Yet, it is still unclear whetherLC3B is also an independent risk factor for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). We aimto explore the predictive value of LC3B on prognosis of ICC, and to establish a novel andavailable nomogram to predict relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) for thesepatients after curative-intent hepatectomy. @*Materials and Methods@#From August 2004 to March 2017, 105 ICC patients were eligibly enrolled in the ThirdAffiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University. Preoperative clinical information of enrolledpatients was collected. Expression LC3B in the ICC specimen was detected by immunohistochemistry. @*Results@#The 5-year RFS and OS in this cohort were 15.7% and 29.6%, respectively. On multivariateCox regression analysis, independent risk factors for 5-year OS were cancer antigen 125,microvascular invasion, LC3B expression and lymph node metastasis. Except for the above4 factors, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio and tumor differentiation were independent factorsfor 5-year RFS. The area under the curve of nomograms for OS and RFS were 0.820 and0.747, respectively. @*Conclusion@#The nomograms based on LC3B can be considered as effective models to predict postoperativesurvival for ICC patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829041

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the gene mutation occurved in AML patients with 29 kinds of fusion genes and 51 kinds of tumor gene.@*METHODS@#Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to detected the 49 kinds of targeted gene. FLT3 internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD), CALR, NPM1 and CEBPA mutation were detected by DNA-based PCR and Sanger sequencing. Twenty-nine kinds of fusion genes were dected by multiplex nested RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#The total gene mutation rate was 91% (109/121) in all the 121 patients. On average, 2.1 mutated genes per patient were identified, among these 121 patients, coexistence of ≥ 3 mutations was frequent (34.7%). The most commonly mutated genes were NRAS (23.96%, n=29), followed by NPM1 (14.04%, n=17), CEBPA double mutations (14.04%, n=17), KRAS (11.57%, n=14),FLT3-ITD (10.74%, n=13), CSF3R (10.74%, n=13), TET2 (9.92%, n=12) and IDH1 (9.1%, n=11). Overall, fusion genes were detected in 47 (37.3%) patients, including AML/ETO (n=12), CBFβ/MYH11 (n=11), PML/RARa (n=12), MLL rearranagement realated mutation MLL-X (n=10). TLS/ERG (n=1) and DEK/CAN (n=1) in an order of decreasing frequency. Patients with normal karyotype (NK)- AML exhibited more mutations in CEBPA, NPM1, TET2, RUNX1 and IDH1, comparing with abnormal karyotype patients. KRAS mutation in abnormal kayotype patients was significantly higher than that in normal kayotype patients (P=0.014). TP53 mutations were predominantly associated with complex cytogenetics (P=0.199). KRAS mutations were more frequent in core binding factor (CBF) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 11q23/MLL rearrangement leukemia, compared with NK-AML (P=0.006 and 0.003, respectively). KIT mutations predominated in CBF-AML (P=0.006). JAK2V617F mutations were detected in two patients and co-occurred with AML-ETO fusions.@*CONCLUSION@#At least one mutation is observed in more than 90% patients. On average, more than 2 mutated genes per patient are identified. Some gene mutations are associated with gene rearrangement.


Subject(s)
Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone , Genomics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mutation , Oncogene Proteins , Poly-ADP-Ribose Binding Proteins , Prognosis
16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1180-1184, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877583

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect on spinal low back pain (SLBP) in Air Force crew treated with novel thumbtack needling therapy and to analyze the relevant factors of the therapeutic effect.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 Air Force crew with SLBP were randomized into a thumbtack needling group (40 cases), an external treatment group (40 cases, 1 case dropped off ) and a combined treatment group (40 cases, 1 case dropped off ). In the thumbtack needling group, the thumbtack needling therapy was adopted. The novel thumbtack needles were inserted at the lower No.6 region of the wrist-ankle acupuncture, Yaotongdian (EX-UE 7), Yaoyangguan (GV 3), etc. Each point was pressed and kneaded for 1 min each time, 3 or 4 times a day. The treatment for 3 days was taken as one course. At the interval of 2 days, 3 courses were required totally. In the external treatment group, @*RESULTS@#Compared with the values before treatment, McGill scores and ODI scores were reduced (@*CONCLUSION@#The thumbtack needling therapy is significantly effective on spinal low back pain in Air Force crew and is of the safety. Hence, this therapy is applicable to be promoted in the primary care army hospital.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Electromyography , Humans , Low Back Pain/therapy , Needles , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873051

ABSTRACT

Objective:The targets and signaling pathways of Xuanfei Huazhuo prescription (XFHZP) for the treatment of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) were explored, and its possible action mechanisms were described through network pharmacology and basic analysis of modern pharmacology. Method:The compounds and targets in XFHZP were collected through TCMSP and BATMAN-TCM databases. The targets of COVID-19 were studied by GeneCards, NCBI and CTD databases. The PPI network was constructed through STRING database. The networks of "herb-meridian" and "traditional Chinese medicines-compounds-targets-disease" were generated by Cytoscape 3.7.0. Then, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) analysis and Gene Ontology(GO) analysis were made for shared targets through the Omicshare platform. In addition, the disease targets of multiple organ injury, immune injury and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) were retrieved and then mapped with XFHZP. The ratio of intersection targets to XFHZP's targets was calculated. Result:XFHZP has 10 traditional Chinese medicines in total, including 6 medicines with the meridian tropism to lung, 5 medicines with the meridian tropism to the spleen and 5 medicines with the meridian tropism to the stomach. There were 409 compounds and 2 271 targets. There were 8 same inflammatory factors in targets between XFHZP and COVID-19, and each inflammatory factor corresponded to multiple compounds. XFHZP and COVID-19 had 135 intersection targets, and 36 key targets were screened out. A total of 172 signaling pathways were screened out through KEGG signal pathway enrichment (P<0.05). There were 4 000 biological processes, 254 cell components, and 408 molecular functions (P<0.05) according to GO analysis. XFHZP had many common targets with various organ damage targets and immune damage targets, with the ratio of about 7.6%-97.8%. XFHZP had 173 intersection targets with SARS. Conclusion:XFHZP may treat COVID-19 through anti-inflammatory, organ protecting and immune effects. It will provide a certain theoretical basis for the development of drugs for COVID-19.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872933

ABSTRACT

Objective:By means of network pharmacology, the active ingredients, targets and molecular pathways of Shengmaiyin (Dangshen prescription) in the treatment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) were studied, in order to reveal the molecular mechanism of Shengmaiyin (Dangshen prescription) in the treatment of ASCVD, and provide the rational explanation of the compatibility of the combination. Method:The main chemical components of Shengmaiyin (Dangshen prescription) were obtained by means of SymMap database, traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database and analysis platform(TCMSP)platform and BATMAN-TCM platform. Compound targets were retrieved by SymMap and the Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine (ETCM), and disease targets were retrieved by DisGeNET and GeneCards databases. The intersections of compound targets and disease targets were used to obtain the predicted targets of song-decoction on ASCVD. The Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) network diagram was constructed through STRING database, and key compounds and targets of Shengmaiyin (Dangshen prescription) acting on ASCVD were obtained through Cytoscape. Finally, the enriched key targets were put for Gene Ontology (GO) biological process analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis through the Database for Annotation,Visualization and Integrated Discovery(DAVID). Result:There were 33 key compounds and 25 key targets of Shengmaiyin (Dangshen prescription) for ASCVD. The GO analysis showed that the biological functions of Shengmaiyin (Dangshen prescription) in the treatment of key ASCVD targets mainly involved biological processes, such as the regulation of apoptosis, inflammatory response, regulation of nitric oxide synthesis and regulation of insulin secretion. The KEGG pathway was mainly enriched in 20 signaling pathways, including tumor necrosis factor(TNF) signaling pathway, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B(PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway, apoptosis signaling pathway and estrogen signaling pathway. Conclusion:Through network pharmacology, this study explored active ingredients and potential targets of Shengmaiyin (Dangshen prescription) in the treatment of ASCVD at the molecular level, preliminarily verified the mechanism of action of Shengmaiyin (Dangshen prescription), and laid a theoretical foundation for further study on the mechanism of action.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872172

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the labial surface angle and Collum angle of anterior teeth using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), and to provide guidance for proper setting of torque for avoiding alveolar fenestration and dehiscence.Methods:CBCT data of 200 patients (66 males, age ranging from 18 to 40 years, with average 26.7 years) were screened and imported into Invivo 5.4, the middle labio-lingual sections of anterior teeth were obtained, and the Collum angle and labial surface angle were measured respectively. One-way ANOVA was used to analyze the discrepancies of the two measurements among teeth. Pearson correlation analysis was performed to detect the association between the two measurements.Results:The Collum angles (labial surface angles) in upper central incisor, lateral incisor, canine and lower central incisor, lateral incisor and canine were 0.17±5.11° (15.50±2.91°), -5.67±5.74° (15.52±3.50°), -5.56±4.67° (20.07±3.66°), -3.97±4.49° (14.40±3.20°), -6.50±4.03° (14.76±3.25°), -3.70±4.91° (18.27±3.07°) respectively; the positive Collum angles indicated the lingually bent root relative to crown, while the negative indicated the labially bent root. The labial surface angles in upper and lower canine were significantly larger than that of intra-arch central and lateral incisors ( P<0.001). On the contrary, no significant differences were detected between central and lateral incisors in the maxilla and mandible ( P>0.05, P>0.05). Moreover, except for the maxillary central incisor, the Collum angle and labial surface angle were positively correlated. Conclusions:The values of Collum angle among anterior teeth are significantly different, and the obvious lingual-bent root are more likely accompanied with the greater labial surface curve, which might cause variable torqueing and be necessary to elevate before treatment.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871670

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application of moderate hypothermia circulatory arrest(MHCA)with a higher temperature(29℃) and bilateral selective antegrade cerebral perfusion(bSACP) in acute Stanford type A aortic dissection(TAAD] treated by total arch replacement with stented elephant trunk implantation.Methods:From July 2019 to January 2020, fifteen patients of acute TAAD undergoing emergent operations via MHCA with a core temperature of 29℃ and bSACP were analyzed retrospectively(modified group), and 26 patients treated by MHCA(25℃) and unilateral selective antegrade cerebral perfusion(uSACP) during the same period were defined as the traditional group. All cases were complicated type A dissection. The mean age in this cohort was 49 years, and 32 patients(78%) were male. Thirty six patients(87.8%) suffered from arterial hypertension. The proximal manipulations included: aortic sinus repair in 13 cases(31.7%), ascending aortic replacement in 29(70.7%), Bentall in 12(29.3%). Total arch replacement with stented elephant trunk implantation was performed in all cases.Results:The in-hospital death occurred in 2(4.9%), and cerebral infarction in 3(7.3%), transient neurologic deficit in 5(12.2%), paraplegia in 2(4.9%). The ratios of above-mentioned adverse events in the traditional and modified group were[2(7.7%) vs. 0, P=0.524], [3(11.5%)vs. 0, P=0.287], [4(15.4%) vs. 1(6.7%), P=0.636], [1(3.8%) vs. 1(6.7%), P=1.000] respectively. The major adverse events in the modified group were transient neurologic deficit and paraplegia in 1 each. Compared with the traditional group, the time of operation, CPB, cardiac arrest, circulatory arrest of the lower part, anterograde low flow cerebral perfusion, mechanical ventilation and ICU stay was shorter. The drainage of 48 hours after surgery was less also. The differences in new acute renal failure requiring CRRT and re-sternotomy for bleeding between groups were not statistical significance. Conclusion:The early results of MHCA(29℃) and bSACP applied in total arch replacement with stented elephant trunk implantation for acute TAAD were satisfactory. The time of mechanical ventilation and ICU stay was shorter in the modified group, and the drainage of 48 hours after surgery was less also.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL