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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928324

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore feasibility of closed reduction technique under monitoring of C-arm and three screws in the fixation of abduction and insertion femoral neck fracture.@*METHODS@#Seventeen patients with abduction and insertion femoral neck fracture operated from January 2014 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, including 10 males and 7 females, aged from 21 to 59(42.09±7.30) years old. According to preoperative X-ray and CT data, angle of retroversion and abduction displacement of femoral head were determined. Two 2 mm diameter Kirschner wires crossed and gently knocked into the bone of the acetabular roof from outside and front of femoral head. The proximal fracture segment was fixed on the acetabulum. Under the monitoring of C-arm, lower limb (distal fracture segment) was gradually rotated inward and retracted against direction of fracture displacement, three cannulated screws were used for internal fixation after anatomical reduction of the distal fracture end and the proximal fracture end. Garden index was evaluated, postoperative complications were observed, and Harris functional score was performed.@*RESULTS@#All 17 cases of femoral neck fracture with abduction and insertion were successfully completed closed reduction and internal fixation. The operation time was 36 to 68(43.87±7.63) min and intraoperative bleeding was 15 to 50(28.36±5.93) ml. The quality of fracture reduction was evaluated by garden index during operation. There were 12 cases of anatomical reduction, 5 cases of acceptable reduction, and no cases of unsuccessful reduction were changed to open reduction. 17 cases were followed up for 3 to 41(27.5±8.4) months. There were no complications such as femoral head necrosis, fracture nonunion, hip impingement and femoral neck shortening. MR examination showed no femoral head necrosis and articular cartilage injury. Two years after operation, Harris score of hip joint was excellent in 13 cases and good in 4 cases.@*CONCLUSION@#Closed reduction and three screws internal fixation can obtain good anatomical reduction rate and therapeutic effect in the treatment of abduction and insertion femoral neck fracture.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Wires , Female , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928243

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the gastric microbiome in patients with chronic superficial gastritis (CSG) and intestinal metaplasia (IM) and investigate the influence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) on the gastric microbiome. Methods Gastric mucosa tissue samples were collected from 54 patients with CSG and IM, and the patients were classified into the following four groups based on the state of H. pylori infection and histology: H. pylori-negative CSG (n=24), H. pylori-positive CSG (n=14), H. pylori-negative IM (n=11), and H. pylori-positive IM (n=5). The gastric microbiome was analyzed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Results H. pylori strongly influenced the bacterial abundance and diversity regardless of CSG and IM. In H. pylori-positive subjects, the bacterial abundance and diversity were significantly lower than in H. pylori-negative subjects. The H. pylori-negative groups had similar bacterial composition and bacterial abundance. The H. pylori-positive groups also had similar bacterial composition but different bacterial relative abundance. The relative abundance of Neisseria, Streptococcus, Rothia, and Veillonella were richer in the I-HP group than in G-HP group, especially Neisseria (t=175.1, P<0.001). Conclusions The gastric microbial abundance and diversity are lower in H. pylori- infected patients regardless of CSG and IM. Compared to H. pylori-positive CSG group and H. pylori-positive IM, the relative abundance of Neisseria, Streptococcus, Rothia, and Veillonella is higher in H. pylori-positive patients with IM than in H. pylori-positive patients with CSG, especially Neisseria.


Subject(s)
Gastric Mucosa/microbiology , Gastritis, Atrophic/microbiology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome/genetics , Helicobacter Infections/microbiology , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Humans , Metaplasia , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928228

ABSTRACT

Early screening based on computed tomography (CT) pulmonary nodule detection is an important means to reduce lung cancer mortality, and in recent years three dimensional convolutional neural network (3D CNN) has achieved success and continuous development in the field of lung nodule detection. We proposed a pulmonary nodule detection algorithm by using 3D CNN based on a multi-scale attention mechanism. Aiming at the characteristics of different sizes and shapes of lung nodules, we designed a multi-scale feature extraction module to extract the corresponding features of different scales. Through the attention module, the correlation information between the features was mined from both spatial and channel perspectives to strengthen the features. The extracted features entered into a pyramid-similar fusion mechanism, so that the features would contain both deep semantic information and shallow location information, which is more conducive to target positioning and bounding box regression. On representative LUNA16 datasets, compared with other advanced methods, this method significantly improved the detection sensitivity, which can provide theoretical reference for clinical medicine.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Neural Networks, Computer , Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928062

ABSTRACT

This study aims to identify the active components and the mechanism of Jingqi Yukui Capsules(JQYK) in the treatment of gastric ulcer based on network pharmacology, and verify some key targets and signaling pathways through animal experiment. To be specific, first, the active components and targets of JQYK were retrieved from a Bioinformatics Analysis Tool for Molecular Mechanism of Traditional Chinese Medicine(BATMAN-TCM) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP), and the targets of gastric ulcer from GeneCards and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM) with the search term "gastric ulcer". The common targets of the two were the potential targets of the prescription for the treatment of the di-sease. Then, protein-protein interaction(PPI) network of key targets were constructed based on STRING and Cytoscape 3.7.2, followed by Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment by matescape database and pathway visualization by Omicshare. For the animal experiment, the improved method of Okabe was used to induce gastric ulcer in rats, and the model rats were classified into the model group, JQYK high-dose(JQYK-H), medium-dose(JQYK-M), and low-dose(JQYK-L) groups, Anweiyang Capsules(WYA) group, and Rabeprazole Sodium Enteric Capsules(RBPZ) group. Normal rats were included in the blank group. Rats in the blank group and model group were given distilled water and those in the administration groups received corresponding drugs. Then gastric ulcer healing in rats was observed. The changes of the gastric histomorphology in rats were evaluated based on hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining, and the content of inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS) in rat gastric tissue was detected with Coomassie brilliant blue method. The mRNA and protein levels of some proteins in rat gastric tissue were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR) and Western blot(WB) to further validate some key targets and signaling pathways. A total of 206 active components and 535 targets of JQYK, 1 305 targets of gastric ulcer, and 166 common targets of the disease and the drug were yielded. According to PPI analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, multiple key targets, such as interleukin-6(IL-6), tumor necrosis factor(TNF), mitogen-activated protein kinase 1(MAPK1), MAPK3, and MAPK14, as well as nuclear factor kappa-B(NF-κB) signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway, and leukocyte transendothelial migration in the top 20 key signaling pathways were closely related to inflammation. The key protein p38 MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathway were selected for further verification by animal experiment. The gastric ulcer in the JQYK-H group recovered nearly to the level in the blank group, with significant decrease in the content of iNOS in rat gastric tissue and significant reduction in the mRNA and phosphorylation levels of p38 MAPK and the mRNA and protein levels of NF-κB p65 in rat gastric tissue. The results indicated that JQYK can inhibit the phosphorylation of the key protein p38 MAPK and the expression of NF-κB p65 in the NF-κB signaling pathway, thereby exerting the anti-inflammatory effect and effectively improving the quality of gastric ulcer healing in rats. Thus, the animal experiment result verifies some predictions of network pharmacology.


Subject(s)
Animal Experimentation , Animals , Capsules , Gastric Mucosa/metabolism , Humans , Network Pharmacology , Rats , Stomach Ulcer/genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873703

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the independent risk factors for benign and malignant subsolid pulmonary nodules and establish a malignant probability prediction model. Methods    A retrospective analysis was performed in 443 patients with subsolid pulmonary nodules admitted to Subei People's Hospital of Jiangsu Province from 2014 to 2018 with definite pathological findings. The patients were randomly divided into a modeling group and a validation group. There were 296 patients in the modeling group, including 125 males and 171 females, with an average age of 55.9±11.1 years. There were 147 patients in the verification group, including 68 males and 79 females, with an average age of 56.9±11.6 years. Univariate and multivariate analysis was used to screen the independent risk factors for benign and malignant lesions of subsolid pulmonary nodules, and then a prediction model was established. Based on the validation data, the model of this study was compared and validated with Mayo, VA, Brock and PKUPH models. Results    Univariate and multivariate analysis showed that gender, consolidation/tumor ratio (CTR), boundary, spiculation, lobulation and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) were independent risk factors for the diagnosis of benign and malignant subsolid pulmonary nodules. The prediction model formula for malignant probability was: P=ex/(1+ex). X=0.018+(1.436× gender)+(2.068×CTR)+(−1.976×boundary)+ (2.082×spiculation)+(1.277×lobulation)+(2.296×CEA). In this study, the area under the curve was 0.856, the sensitivity was 81.6%, the specificity was 75.6%, the positive predictive value was 95.4%, and the negative predictive value was 39.8%. Compared with the traditional model, the predictive value of this model was significantly better than that of Mayo, VA, Brock and PKUPH models. Conclusion    Compared with Mayo, VA, Brock and PKUPH models, the predictive value of the model is more ideal and has greater clinical application value, which can be used for early screening of subsolid nodules.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889768

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to develop web-based nomograms to precisely predict survival outcomes in patients with non-metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in an endemic area. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 10,126 patients who underwent radical intensity-modulated radiotherapy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (SYSUCC) from 2009 to 2015 were analyzed. We assigned patients into a training cohort (SYSUCC-A, n=6,751) and an internal validation cohort (SYSUCC-B, n=3,375) based on computer-generated random numbers. Patients collected from Wuzhou Red Cross Hospital (WZRCH) between 2012 and 2015 were used as the independent external validation cohort (WZRCH, n=450). Concordance index (C-index) was used to determine predictive accuracy and discriminative ability for the nomogram. The web-based clinicopathologic prediction models for predicting survival were based on Cox regression. @*Results@#The C-indexes for SYSUCC-A, SYSUCC-B, and WZRCH cohorts for the established nomograms to predict 3-year overall survival (OS) was 0.736, 0.715, and 0.691. Additionally, C-indexes to predict 3-year distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) was 0.717, 0.706, and 0.686, disease-free survival (DFS) was 0.713, 0.697, and 0.656, local relapse-free survival was 0.695, 0.684, and 0.652, and regional relapse-free survival was 0.672, 0.650, and 0.616. The calibration plots showed great agreement between nomogram-predicted 3-year survival outcomes and actual 3-year survival outcomes. Moreover, C-indexes of the nomograms for OS, DMFS, and DFS were significantly superior than TNM stage (p< 0.001 for all). @*Conclusion@#These user-friendly nomograms can precisely predict survival endpoints in patients with non-metastatic NPC. They may serve as a useful tool for providing patient counseling and help physicians to make individual follow-up plans.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889723

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The occurrence pattern of immune-related adverse events (irAEs) induced by immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) in cancer treatment remains unclear. @*Materials and Methods@#Phase II-III clinical trials that evaluated ICI-based treatments in cancer and were published between January 2007 and December 2019 were retrieved from public electronic databases. The pooled median time to onset (PMT-O), resolution (PMT-R), and immune-modulation resolution (PMT-IMR) of irAEs were generated using the metamedian package of R software. @*Results@#Twenty-two eligible studies involving 23 clinical trials and 8,436 patients were included. The PMT-O of all-grade irAEs ranged from 2.2 to 14.8 weeks, with the longest in renal events. The PMT-O of grade ≥ 3 irAEs was significantly longer than that of all-grade irAEs induced by programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and its ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors (27.5 weeks vs. 8.4 weeks, p < 0.001) and treatment of nivolumab (NIV) plus ipilimumab (IPI) (7.9 weeks vs. 6.0 weeks, p < 0.001). The PMT-R of all-grade irAEs ranged from 0.1 to 54.3 weeks, with the shortest and longest in hypersensitivity/infusion reaction and endocrine events, respectively. The PMT-IMR of grade ≥ 3 irAEs was significantly shorter than that of all-grade irAEs caused by PD-1/PD-L1 blockade (6.9 weeks vs. 40.6 weeks, p=0.002) and NIV+IPI treatment (3.1 weeks vs. 5.9 weeks, p=0.031). @*Conclusion@#This study revealed the general and specific occurrence pattern of ICI-induced irAEs in pan-cancers, which was deemed to aid the comprehensive understanding, timely detection, and effective management of ICI-induced irAEs.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907600

ABSTRACT

In recent years, immune checkpoint inhibitors are a milestone in the treatment of lung cancer. There are many kinds of immune checkpoints, which are closely related to the efficacy and drug resis-tance of immunotherapy, including programmed death-1 (PD-1), programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1), cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4), killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR), T cell immunoglobulin and ITIM domain (TIGIT), T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3 (TIM-3), etc. PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors have been approved by China National Medical Products Administration and U. S. Food and Drug Administration for the first-line treatment of lung cancer, which can improve overall survival and progression-free survival of patients. The double immunotherapies of CTLA-4 inhibitors or TIGIT inhibitors combined with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors also achieve good results, however, more serious adverse events may occur.The KIR and TIM-3 targets are closely related to the drug resistance of immunotherapy.

9.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 749-754,f4, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907517

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prognostic factors that may affect the postoperative survival of gastric cancer by analyzing patients with radical gastrectomy.Methods:The data of 525 patients with radical gastrectomy, including 387 male and 138 female with average age (62.5±10.7) years old (ranged from 16 to 89 years), were analyzed retrospectively in Anqing Municipal Hospital between October 2010 to July 2015. The relationship between 33 variables and prognosis was analyzed by a Cox proportionalhazards regression model, meanwhile ROC curve was established in order to explore the risk factor of postopertive survival.Results:The over survival(OS) rate of all patients was 89.3% at 1 year, 68.4% at 3 years and 59.6% at 5 years. The 5-year OS rate was 81.9% at stage Ⅰ, 71.4% at stage Ⅱ and 44.1% at stage Ⅲ. In the multivariate analysis that included these factors, preoperative comorbidity ( HR=1.595, P=0.001), hemoglobin( HR=1.377, P=0.017), CA199( HR=1.618, P=0.004), tumor distribution( HR=1.943, P=0.032), pT stage( HR=1.731, P=0.012), pN stage( HR=2.118, P=0.000), signet ring cell( HR=1.642, P=0.038)and intravascular tumor thrombus( HR=1.391, P=0.039) were independent risk factors associating with postopertive survival.According to ROC curve, the following area (AUC value) could predict survival after radical gastrectomy, including CA199 (AUC=0.568), hemoglobin(AUC=0.586), preoperative comorbidity(AUC=0.554), pT stage(AUC=0.636), pN stage(AUC=0.670)and intravascular tumor thrombus(AUC=0.626)( P<0.05). Conclusion:According to ROC curve analysis, preoperative comorbidity, anemia, CA199, pN stage, pT stage and intravascular tumor thrombus played an role in predicting long-term survival after radical resection of gastric cancer.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906291

ABSTRACT

Cisplatin, as one of the commonly used broad-spectrum anti-tumor drugs in clinical practice, is used to treat testicular cancer, ovarian cancer, head and neck cancer, bladder cancer, lung cancer, cervical cancer and other solid cancers. It has obvious curative effect but strong toxic and side effect, and is easy to cause great damage to the body. The toxic reaction may involve serious toxic damages to different organs, and induce nephrotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, ototoxicity, cardiotoxicity, neurotoxicity and other toxicity. Animal experiments have shown that the toxic damage induced by cisplatin is the result of many factors in a time-and dose-dependent manner. In the course of clinical use, the therapeutic dose of cisplatin is also greatly limited due to toxic damage, which seriously affects the quality of life in patients. Therefore, it is the main research direction to find a suitable treatment plan or to use drugs in combination with cisplatin to reduce toxicity and increase efficiency. With the increasing clinical participation of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), TCM has shown its unique advantages in treating diseases, and can effectively reduce the cisplatin chemotherapy-induced toxic reaction by improving the oxidative stress state of the body, inhibiting normal apoptosis and inflammatory injury, activating autophagy, regulating the abnormal expression of drug transporters, etc. In this paper, the mechanism of cisplatin-induced toxic damage to various organs and the mechanism of TCM in prevention and treatment of cisplatin-induced toxic damage were summarized in detail, including the dose and mechanism of cisplatin-induced toxic damage to different organs, the effective treatment dose, combined medication mode and prevention and treatment mechanism of combined application of TCM and cisplatin, in order to provide a basis for rational application and clinical medication of TCM combined with chemotherapy drugs such as cisplatin.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897472

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to develop web-based nomograms to precisely predict survival outcomes in patients with non-metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in an endemic area. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 10,126 patients who underwent radical intensity-modulated radiotherapy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (SYSUCC) from 2009 to 2015 were analyzed. We assigned patients into a training cohort (SYSUCC-A, n=6,751) and an internal validation cohort (SYSUCC-B, n=3,375) based on computer-generated random numbers. Patients collected from Wuzhou Red Cross Hospital (WZRCH) between 2012 and 2015 were used as the independent external validation cohort (WZRCH, n=450). Concordance index (C-index) was used to determine predictive accuracy and discriminative ability for the nomogram. The web-based clinicopathologic prediction models for predicting survival were based on Cox regression. @*Results@#The C-indexes for SYSUCC-A, SYSUCC-B, and WZRCH cohorts for the established nomograms to predict 3-year overall survival (OS) was 0.736, 0.715, and 0.691. Additionally, C-indexes to predict 3-year distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) was 0.717, 0.706, and 0.686, disease-free survival (DFS) was 0.713, 0.697, and 0.656, local relapse-free survival was 0.695, 0.684, and 0.652, and regional relapse-free survival was 0.672, 0.650, and 0.616. The calibration plots showed great agreement between nomogram-predicted 3-year survival outcomes and actual 3-year survival outcomes. Moreover, C-indexes of the nomograms for OS, DMFS, and DFS were significantly superior than TNM stage (p< 0.001 for all). @*Conclusion@#These user-friendly nomograms can precisely predict survival endpoints in patients with non-metastatic NPC. They may serve as a useful tool for providing patient counseling and help physicians to make individual follow-up plans.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897427

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The occurrence pattern of immune-related adverse events (irAEs) induced by immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) in cancer treatment remains unclear. @*Materials and Methods@#Phase II-III clinical trials that evaluated ICI-based treatments in cancer and were published between January 2007 and December 2019 were retrieved from public electronic databases. The pooled median time to onset (PMT-O), resolution (PMT-R), and immune-modulation resolution (PMT-IMR) of irAEs were generated using the metamedian package of R software. @*Results@#Twenty-two eligible studies involving 23 clinical trials and 8,436 patients were included. The PMT-O of all-grade irAEs ranged from 2.2 to 14.8 weeks, with the longest in renal events. The PMT-O of grade ≥ 3 irAEs was significantly longer than that of all-grade irAEs induced by programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and its ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors (27.5 weeks vs. 8.4 weeks, p < 0.001) and treatment of nivolumab (NIV) plus ipilimumab (IPI) (7.9 weeks vs. 6.0 weeks, p < 0.001). The PMT-R of all-grade irAEs ranged from 0.1 to 54.3 weeks, with the shortest and longest in hypersensitivity/infusion reaction and endocrine events, respectively. The PMT-IMR of grade ≥ 3 irAEs was significantly shorter than that of all-grade irAEs caused by PD-1/PD-L1 blockade (6.9 weeks vs. 40.6 weeks, p=0.002) and NIV+IPI treatment (3.1 weeks vs. 5.9 weeks, p=0.031). @*Conclusion@#This study revealed the general and specific occurrence pattern of ICI-induced irAEs in pan-cancers, which was deemed to aid the comprehensive understanding, timely detection, and effective management of ICI-induced irAEs.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 145-152, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921249

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Asymptomatic or symptomatic infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can be followed by reinfection. The protection conferred by prior infection among coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients is unclear. We assessed the incidence of SARS-CoV-2 reinfection and the protection effect of previous infection against reinfection.@*METHODS@#We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials.gov for publications up until the end date of May 1, 2021. The reinfection rate of recovered patients and the protection against reinfection were analyzed using meta-analysis.@*RESULTS@#Overall, 19 studies of 1096 reinfection patients were included. The pooled reinfection rate was 0.65% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.39-0.98%). The symptomatic reinfection rate was a bit lower (0.37% [95% CI 0.11-0.78%], I2 = 99%). The reinfection rate was much higher in high-risk populations (1.59% [95% CI 0.30-3.88%], I2 = 90%). The protection against reinfection and symptomatic reinfection was similar (87.02% [95% CI 83.22-89.96%] and 87.17% [95% CI 83.09-90.26%], respectively).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rate of reinfection with SARS-CoV-2 is relatively low. The protection against SARS-CoV-2 after natural infection is comparable to that estimated for vaccine efficacy. These data may help guide public health measures and vaccination strategies in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. High-quality clinical studies are needed to establish the relevant risk factors in recovered patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Pandemics , Reinfection , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccine Efficacy
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912589

ABSTRACT

Objective:This article aims to analyze and explore practical and effective operation and management mechanisms of the independent interdisciplinary institutes in universities.Methods:Adopting case analysis and literature review as research methodologies to explore the operation and management mechanisms of mature interdisciplinary research institutions in foreign universities, and providing constructive suggestions for domestic academic institutions.Results:Case analysis found that flexible talent structure, sufficient scientific research platform sharing mechanism, and close partnership with industry operation mechanism can effectively promote the virtuous circle of interdisciplinary knowledge generation, dissemination and transformation, thereby driving the efficient operation of interdisciplinary institutes. At the same time, scientific and appropriate management scheme and evaluation system provide a strong systematic administrative support.Conclusions:Interdisciplinary institutes in domestic universities should adopt a matrix-style team formation method to assure the flow of talents with diverse backgrounds, thereby enhancing the internal driving-force of interdisciplinary development. Besides, a substantial resource sharing mechanism should be created to promote the establishment of interdisciplinary research communities. Furthermore, exploring " extensional" knowledge transfer mechanisms to promote collaborative innovation with enterprises. At the same time, establishing scientific and clear institutional management which take into full consideration of the key factors of interdisciplinary research methods and evaluation system.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888340

ABSTRACT

As a new type of cell death, necroptosis is initiated by tumor necrosis factor receptor 1(TNFR1), and then activated receptor-interacting protein kinase 1(RIP1) and receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIP3), following by the activation of mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein(MLKL) to deliver cell death signal. When necroptosis happens, damage associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) enter into extracellular area through the ruptured cytomembrane, followed by the disordered tissue hemeostasis. In recent years, many researches showed that necroptosis playimportant roles in a few bone related diseases, such as osteoporosis, osteonecrosis, osteosarcoma, etc. Thus, we try to briefly review the researches in this field.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Necroptosis , Protein Kinases
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887865

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between contrast-enhanced ultrasound and risk of tumor recurrence in papillary thyroid carcinoma(PTC). Methods A total of 287 PTCs in 287 patients who underwent surgery,conventional ultrasound,and contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS)were enrolled in this study.According to 2015 American Thyroid Association(ATA)Modified Initial Risk Stratification System,the patients were categorized into three groups:low risk,intermediate risk,and high risk.The CEUS patterns of PTCs were compared between different risk stratifications. Results Hypo-enhancement was presented in 57.6% of ATA low-risk PTCs,iso-enhancement in 62.3% of ATA intermediate-risk PTCs,and hyper-enhancement in 48.2% of ATA high-risk PTCs(


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887743

ABSTRACT

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV), two of the most prevalent human herpesviruses, cause a wide spectrum of diseases and symptoms and are associated with serious health problem. In this study, we developed an internal control reference recombinase-aided amplification (ICR-RAA) assay for the rapid detection of EBV and CMV within 30 min. The assay had a sensitivity of 5 and 1 copies/test for EBV and CMV, respectively, with no cross reaction with other pathogens. In comparison with those of the commercial quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), the sensitivity of the EBV and CMV ICR-RAAs using extracted DNA was 93.33% and 84.84%, respectively; the specificity was 98.75% and 100.00%, respectively; and the Kappa values were 0.930 and 0.892 (


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Cytomegalovirus/genetics , Cytomegalovirus Infections/virology , DNA, Viral/analysis , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/virology , Female , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Recombinases/genetics , Young Adult
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883183

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effect and signaling pathway of ginsenoside Rb1 on myocardial injury in mice with Kawasaki disease.Methods:BALB/C mice aged 5-6 weeks were randomly divided into control group, model group, aspirin group, ginsenoside Rb1 low dose group(50 mg/kg) and high dose group(100 mg/kg), with 12 mice in each group.Except the control group, other groups were treated with intermittent intraperitoneal injection of 10% bovine serum albumin saline solution to induce Kawasaki disease myocardial injury pathological model with a total of 6 days(twice a day); aspirin group, Rb1 low and high-dose group were given corresponding drugs by gavage for 20 days after modeling.The pathological changes of myocardial tissue were observed by hematoxylin eosin staining.The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-6(IL-6) and cardiac troponin I(cTnI) in serum and myocardial tissue were detected by ELISA.The activities of creatine kinase(CK), creatine kinase isoenzyme(CK-MB), lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), α-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase(α-HBDH) and aspartate aminotransferase(AST) in serum were detected by enzyme coupling method.The expression levels of janus kinase 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3(JAK2/STAT3) signaling pathway related proteins in myocardial tissue were detected by Western blot.Results:High dose of Rb1 significantly improved myocardial fiber rupture and tear, inflammatory infiltration and necrosis induced by myocardial injury in model group.ELISA results showed that, compared with the model group, high-dose Rb1 could significantly inhibit the high expression of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, which were restored to the level of the control group, and there was a dose-dependent relationship between the low and high-dose groups( P<0.05). The results of enzyme coupling method showed that creatine kinase, creatine kinase isoenzyme-MB, lactate dehydrogenase, α-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase, and aspartate aminotrasferase in Rb1 high-dose group were restored to the level in control group, and there was a dose-dependent relationship between low and high-dose group( P<0.05). At the same time, compared with model group, Rb1 high-dose group significantly down regulated the expression level of cardiac troponin I( P<0.05). Western blot results showed that, compared with the model group, Rb1 significantly increased the relative expression levels of p-JAK2/JAK2, p-STAT3/STAT3 and B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2)/β-actin, and significantly decreased the expression levels of Cleaved caspase-3/β-actin in a dose-dependent manner( P<0.05). Conclusion:Ginsenoside Rb1 can effectively reduce the myocardial injury induced by Kawasaki disease mice.The high-dose group of Rb1 can recover to the level of the control group, and the curative effect is related to the dosage of Rb1.Ginsenoside Rb1 may activate JAK2/STAT3/Bcl-2 signaling pathway, thus down regulate the expression of Cleaved caspase-3, and inhibit cardiomyocyte apoptosis and inflammation.

19.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 92-97,F4, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882446

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy and prognostic factors in patients with stage Ⅲb/c or Ⅳ inoperable advanced gastric cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 33 patients with unresectable locally advanced (stage Ⅲb/c) or unresectable stage Ⅳ gastric cancer were collected from May 2017 to may 2019 in the Department of Surgical Oncology, Anqing Hospital affiliated to Anhui Medical University, Among them, there were 25 males and 8 females with an average age of 65.48±9.00 years. According to the data of patients with conversion therapy efficacy and postoperative pathology and other factors for statistics, using univariate and multivariate analysis method to evaluate its correlation with the prognosis of patients.Results:Of 33 patients, 2 patients were complete remission, 18 patients were partial remission, the objective response rate(ORR) was 60.6%. 20 patients recevied surgical treatment, 17 patients achieved R0 resection. The median overall survival(mOS) of all 33 patients was (18.6±4.5) months. The mOS of patients who underwent surgical treatment was (25.7±10.99) months, which in patients without surgical treatment was (11.2±2.5) months( P=0.004). The mOS of stage Ⅲb/c patients Was (18.9±10.99) months, and of stage Ⅳ patients was (11.3±0.35) months( P=0.568). Univariate analysis showed that preoperative chemotherapy cycle ≥4 weeks had a better prognosis than patients with less than 4 cycles ( P=0.003), TRG score 1/2 patients had a better prognosis ( P=0.001), and positive lymph nodes ≥7 was risk factor. Multivariate analysis showed that positive lymph nodes ≥7 was the only independent prognostic factor ( P=0.013). Conclusion:For patients with stage Ⅲb/c or Ⅳ inoperable advanced gastric cancer, surgical resection after conversion therapy can improve patient survival, adequate preoperative chemotherapy can improve the prognosis of patients with at least 4 cycles of chemotherapy.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910518

ABSTRACT

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is one of the common head and neck malignant tumors. Radiotherapy is the main treatment for NPC. The comprehensive application of chemotherapy strategies (induction, concurrent and adjuvant) in radiotherapy has improved the efficacy in the treatment of locally advanced NPC. Based on current evidence, concurrent chemoradiotherapy combined with adjuvant or induction chemotherapy has been recommended as the standard treatment for locally advanced NPC. However, there are still many deficiencies in the standard treatment, and the application of induction and adjuvant chemotherapy remains controversial. Establishing a more ideal and individualized chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced NPC is still the research direction in the future.

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