Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 403
Filter
1.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e70-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001935

ABSTRACT

Background@#Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) causes a chronic and progressive granulomatous enteritis and economic losses in dairy cattle in subclinical stages.Subclinical infection in cattle can be detected using serum MAP antibody enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and fecal polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests. @*Objectives@#To investigate the differences in blood parameters, according to the detection of MAP using serum antibody ELISA and fecal PCR tests. @*Methods@#We divided 33 subclinically infected adult cattle into three groups: seronegative and fecal-positive (SNFP, n = 5), seropositive and fecal-negative (SPFN, n = 10), and seropositive and fecal-positive (SPFP, n = 18). Hematological and serum biochemical analyses were performed. @*Results@#Although the cows were clinically healthy without any manifestations, the SNFP and SPFP groups had higher platelet counts, mean platelet volumes, plateletcrit, lactate dehydrogenase levels, lactate levels, and calcium levels but lower mean corpuscular volume concentration than the SPFN group (p 0.017). @*Conclusions@#The cows with fecal-positive MAP status had different blood parameters from those with fecal-negative MAP status, although they were subclinically infected. These findings provide new insights into understanding the mechanism of MAP infection in subclinically infected cattle.

2.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 591-597, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001281

ABSTRACT

Cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) has become more widespread and diverges from the conventional technique used in anterior cervical fusion for cervical degenerative disc disease. As arthroplasty has become a popular treatment option, few complications have been reported in the literature. These include subsidence, expulsion, posterior avulsion fractures, heterotopic ossification, and osteolysis. One of the critical complications is osteolysis, but current studies on this subject are limited in terms of not elucidating the incidence, etiology, and consequences. The authors present two cases, who presented with clinical signs of gradually worsening myelopathy induced by posterior vertebral body osteolysis, 2 years after CDA. Subsequently, the patient underwent posterior decompression and fusion without prosthesis removal. Postoperatively, the clinical symptoms gradually resolved, with no severe deficits. The present rare cases highlight the osteolysis that occurs after CDA, which can cause cervical myelopathy, and suggest spine surgeons to be alert to this fatal complication.

3.
Archives of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery ; : 109-114, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999473

ABSTRACT

Background@#Lip lifting is a widely accepted and efficient surgical procedure for volumizing the upper lip to achieve a more youthful appearance. A previous study by Hwang et al. identified the lip-related ratios most preferred by Koreans: a lip height-to-width ratio (LTW) of 0.4, an upper-to-lower vermilion ratio (ULR) of 0.8, and an upper vermilion thickness-to-upper lip height ratio (VUL) of 0.5. The current study investigated whether the attractive lip ratio favored by Koreans could be obtained with central upper lip lift surgery. @*Methods@#This retrospective chart review included South Korean patients who underwent central lip lifts between 2015 and 2019 at a single center. The LTW, ULR, VUL, and columellar-labial angle were measured using the patients’ preoperative and postoperative clinical photographs. @*Results@#A total of 87 patients underwent central lip lifts. Before surgery, the mean LTW was 0.34, the mean ULR was 0.76, and the mean VUL was 0.30. After surgery, the LTW increased to an average of 0.39, the ULR increased to 0.84, and the VUL increased to 0.393. The patients’ postoperative ratio values were close to the attractive lip ratio values proposed by Hwang et al. The average columellar-labial angle decreased from 101.59° to 95.04°, and therefore did not interfere with the aesthetic relationship between the nose and lips. @*Conclusions@#The central lip lift was an efficient cosmetic technique that provided the Korean ideal shape for attractive lips.

4.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 105-114, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977119

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to determine the incidence, characteristics, and outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) and to investigate the trends for the same in Changwon city, South Korea between 2012 and 2018. @*Methods@#We analyzed a list of adult cardiac arrest cases occurring between 2012 and 2018 from the OHCA surveillance registry and the Changwon Fire Department’s emergency medical services database. The trends in the incidence and resuscitation-related characteristics were assessed using nonparametric tests for trends across ordered groups. The predictors of the primary outcome were investigated using multivariable logistic regression. The primary outcome was a good neurological outcome at hospital discharge. @*Results@#A total of 2,951 OHCAs were attended by the emergency medical services and of these, 2,834 were included in this study. Overall, the proportion of patients discharged with a good neurologic outcome was 4.7% (133/2,834). Both OHCA survival and good neurologic outcomes improved significantly over time, from 4.9% and 2.1%, respectively, in 2012 to 10.3% and 7.4% in 2018 (P<0.001). The Utstein comparator (bystander-witnessed arrests presenting with initial shockable rhythm) increased over the study period (P-for-trend<0.001). Age, response time, scene time, in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) time, witness presence, cardiac origin, and shockable rhythm were associated with good neurologic outcomes. @*Conclusion@#With the gradual increase in the proportion of patients with witnessed cardiac arrests, bystander CPR, and initial shockable rhythm, the rate of survival and a good neurologic outcome at discharge also increased annually.

5.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 60-63, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967810

ABSTRACT

Ataxia is presented by various etiologies, including acquired, genetic and degenerative disorders. Although hereditary ataxia is suspected when typical symptom of ataxia with concurrent is identified, it is sometimes difficult to diagnose hereditary ataxia without genetic test. Clinically, next generation sequencing technology has been developed and widely used for diagnosis of hereditary disease. Hereby, we experienced cases of genetically confirmed OPA1 mutation, which are presented with various clinical manifestations including ataxic gait and decreased visual acuity.

6.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e29-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967456

ABSTRACT

Background@#The aims of this study are to review data on 4-months age National Health Screening Program for Infants and Children (NHSPIC) using a National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) database, and to analyze the newborn hearing screening (NHS) results and related characteristics of the 4-months NHSPIC for 7 years in South Korea. @*Methods@#We analyzed a NHIS database of infants who had participated in the 4-month age NHSPIC from 2010 to 2016. According to the results of hearing questionnaires and physical examination, we analyzed the outcomes of NHS and related infantile and socioeconomic factors. @*Results@#Among 3,128,924 of total eligible infants in Korea between the year 2010 and 2016, 69.2% (2,164,621 infants) conducted 4-months age NHSPIC, and 94.4% (2,042,577 infants) of which performed hearing questionnaires regarding NHS. Among the total hearing examinees, premature infants accounted for 3.6%, infants who were hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for more than 5 days accounted for 5.6%, and infants with head and neck abnormalities were 0.6%. The NHS performing rate was 79.1% for total hearing examinees in 2010, but gradually increased to 88.9% in 2016. The NHS performing rate in 2016 was 93.4% for premature infants, 91.7% for NICU hospitalized babies. The mean referral rate was 0.6% for total hearing examinees, 1.4% for premature infants, and 2.3% for NICU hospitalized babies. When we analyzed the NHS performing rate and the referral rate according to the household income level, the NHS performing rate of infants in Medical Aid programs was the lowest as 65.6%, and the NHS performing rates in other five levels of NHIS was higher ranging between 85.1% to 86.0%. The referral rate of infants in the Medical Aid program (3.8%) was significantly higher than those of infants in other classes (1.10–1.25%). @*Conclusion@#The estimated overall NHS performing rate in Korea gradually increased and was 88.9% in 2016. The overall referral rate was low as 0.6%, and it was significantly different depending on the infant’s health condition and household income levels. We assume that our finding would help to establish policies managing hearing impaired children, and to develop the customized hearing care service programs considering the household economic levels.

7.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 73-81, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966410

ABSTRACT

Sirtuins (SIRTs) belong to the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+)-dependent class III histone deacetylase family. They are key regulators of cellular and physiological processes, such as cell survival, senescence, differentiation, DNA damage and stress response, cellular metabolism, and aging. SIRTs also influence carcinogenesis, making them potential targets for anticancer therapeutic strategies. In this study, we investigated the anticancer properties and underlying molecular mechanisms of a novel SIRT1 inhibitor, MHY2251, in human colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. MHY2251 reduced the viability of various human CRC cell lines, especially those with wild-type TP53. MHY2251 inhibited SIRT1 activity and SIRT1/2 protein expression, while promoting p53 acetylation, which is a target of SIRT1 in HCT116 cells. MHY2251 treatment triggered apoptosis in HCT116 cells. It increased the percentage of late apoptotic cells and the sub-G1 fraction (as detected by flow cytometric analysis) and induced DNA fragmentation. In addition, MHY2251 upregulated the expression of FasL and Fas, altered the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2, downregulated the levels of pro-caspase-8, -9, and -3 proteins, and induced subsequent poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage. The induction of apoptosis by MHY2251 was related to the activation of the caspase cascade, which was significantly attenuated by pre-treatment with ZVAD-FMK, a pan-caspase inhibitor. Furthermore, MHY2251 stimulated the phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and MHY2251-triggered apoptosis was blocked by pre-treatment with SP600125, a JNK inhibitor. This finding indicated the specific involvement of JNK in MHY2251-induced apoptosis. MHY2251 shows considerable potential as a therapeutic agent for targeting human CRC via the inhibition of SIRT1 and activation of JNK/p53 pathway.

8.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 36-46, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938470

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The present study was performed to investigate the effects of local complications (LC) on long-term survival and cancer recurrence in patients undergoing curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer. @*Methods@#We analyzed 2,627 patients after curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer between January 2001 and December 2006. Patients were classified into groups no complications (NC), LC, or systemic complications (SC). @*Results@#Among the 2,627 patients, 475 patients developed complications (LC group [n=374, 14.2%] and SC group [n=101, 3.9%]). The 5-year cancer-specific survival rate was significantly poorer in the LC group compared to the NC and SC groups (LC, 78.0%; NC, 85.4%; SC, 80.2%; P=0.007). The occurrence of LC was identified as a significant independent prognostic factor for overall and cancer-specific survival (hazard ratio [HR], 2.08; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.46–2.97; P=0.001 and HR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.12–2.81; P=0.015). The tumor recurrence rates were higher in the LC group than the in other two groups (LC, 23.5%; NC, 15.4%; SC, 15.8%; P<0.001). The occurrence of LC was an independent predictor of tumor recurrence in patients undergoing curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer (HR, 1.55; 95% CI, 1.11–2.17; P=0.011). @*Conclusion@#LC are associated with adverse long-term outcomes in patients after curative gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer.

9.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 141-148, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938351

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this study was to examine the incidence and outcomes of pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) in Changwon city, South Korea. @*Methods@#From the Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Surveillance registry and the Changwon Fire Department’s Emergency Medical Services data, we obtained a list of 119 assessed pediatric OHCAs occurred between January 2012 and December 2018. We analyzed basic demographic variables, the location of cardiac arrest, witnessed status, bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), time variables for CPR, dispatcher-assisted CPR, initial cardiac rhythm, automated defibrillator use, and clinical outcomes at hospital discharge. @*Results@#A total of 2,954 OHCAs occurred during the study period, of which 72 were pediatric OHCAs. The rate of witnessed cardiac arrest was 30.6% (22/72), and bystander CPR was performed in 29 patients (40.3%). The rate of cardiac arrest occurring in public places was 16.7% (12/72). The rate of shockable rhythm in the initial electrocardiogram rhythm was 8.3% (6/72). Twelve patients (16.7%) survived to admission. The proportion of survivors discharged was 4.3% (3/70), and the rate of discharge with a good prognosis was 2.8% (2/70). @*Conclusion@#The incidence rate of pediatric OHCA was low in Changwon city. The survival rate was also low. Thus, studies with larger sample sizes and continuous monitoring in the community are needed.

10.
Childhood Kidney Diseases ; : 52-57, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937272

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To determine predictive factors for detecting renal parenchymal damages (RPDs) in infants with recurrent febrile urinary tract infection (fUTI). @*Methods@#From January 2015 to December 2021, 102 infants with recurrent fUTI and who underwent 99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) renal scan in our hospital were included in this study. Controls included infants with normal DMSA results performed 3 months apart from the 2nd episode of fUTI. DMSA-positive group included infants with positive DMSA results performed 3 months apart from the 2nd episode of fUTI or at the 3rd episode of fUTI. The recurrence rate, causative bacteria, renal size discrepancy of both kidneys, and laboratory findings including C-reactive protein (CRP) and spot urine sodium-to-potassium ratio (uNa/K) were compared between both groups. @*Results@#Only 3.8% of 79 infants with a 2nd episode of fUTI showed positive DMSA results. fUTI recurred more frequently within 12 months of follow-up in the DMSA-positive group than in the control group (69% vs. 13%, P=0.00). CRP values were significantly higher in the DMSA-positive group than in the control group (7.3 mg/dL vs. 3.7 mg/dL, P=0.00). Spot uNa/K were significantly lower in the DMSA-positive group than in the control group (0.6 vs. 1.1, P=0.00). @*Conclusions@#Congenital renal scar and RPDs on the DMSA scan were more frequently found in infants with recurrent fUTI than those in the control group. High CRP values and low spot uNa/K in acute infections were helpful in predicting the presence of RPD in infants with recurrent fUTI.

11.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 135-143, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925731

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. This study evaluated the electroacoustic characteristics of smartphone-based hearing aid applications (apps). @*Methods@#. We investigated hearing aid apps based on processing delay measurements, hearing instrument testing, simulated real ear measurements, and a head-and-torso simulator. @*Results@#. Many apps exceeded the recommended level for processing delay. Hearing instrument testing showed the highest amplification characteristics and the best sound quality when a hearing aid was used, followed by the high-end apps and then the low-end apps. The simulated real ear measurements results showed that the high-end apps had a better ability to match the amplification targets than the low-end apps, but there was no consistent pattern among apps when controlling the output. Only a few apps could improve the signal-to-noise ratio in the head-and-torso simulator. @*Conclusion@#. Most of the apps showed relatively poor electroacoustic performance in comparison with hearing aids. Generalizing access to hearing care through hearing aid apps induces a wide diversity of hearing performance with no fixed standard for reliability. However, we expect their overall quality to improve over the next few years.

12.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 69-76, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925717

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. This study was conducted to evaluate the user satisfaction, efficacy, and safety of round window (RW) vibroplasty using the Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) in patients with persistent mixed hearing loss after mastoidectomy. @*Methods@#. The study included 27 patients (mean age, 58.7 years; age range, 28–76 years; 11 men and 16 women) with mixed hearing loss after mastoidectomy from 15 tertiary referral centers in Korea. The VSB was implanted at the RW. The Korean translation of the Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit (APHAB) questionnaire and the Korean version of the International Outcome Inventory for Hearing Aids (K-IOI-HA) questionnaire were used to evaluate user satisfaction as the primary outcome. The secondary outcome measures were audiological test results and complication rates. @*Results@#. The mean scores for ease of communication (61.3% to 29.7% to 30.2%), reverberation (62.1% to 43.1% to 37.4%), and background noise (63.3% to 37.7% to 34.3%) subscales of the APHAB questionnaire significantly decreased after VSB surgery. The mean K-IOI-HA scores at 3 and 6 months after surgery were significantly higher than the mean preoperative score (18.6 to 27.2 to 28.1). The postoperative VSB-aided thresholds were significantly lower than the preoperative unaided and hearing aid (HA)-aided thresholds. There was no significant difference between preoperative unaided, preoperative HA-aided, and postoperative VSB-aided maximum phonetically balanced word-recognition scores. None of the 27 patients experienced a change in postoperative bone conduction pure tone average. One patient developed temporary facial palsy and two developed surgical wound infections. @*Conclusion@#. RW vibroplasty resulted in improved satisfaction and audiological test results in patients with mixed hearing loss after mastoidectomy, and the complication rate was tolerable.

13.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 324-331, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895458

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Anosognosia is a common phenomenon in individuals with dementia. Anosognosia Questionnaire for dementia (AQ-D) is a well-known scale for evaluating anosognosia. This study aimed to establish a Korean version of the AQ-D (AQ-D-K) and to evaluate the reliability and validity of the AQ-D-K in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) dementia. @*Methods@#We translated the original English version of AQ-D into Korean (AQ-D-K). Eighty-four subjects with very mild or mild AD dementia and their caregivers participated. Reliability of AQ-D-K was assessed by internal consistency and one-month test-retest reliability. Construct validity and concurrent validity were also evaluated. @*Results@#Internal consistencies of the AQ-D-K patient form and caregiver form were high (Cronbach alpha 0.95 and 0.93, respectively). The test-retest reliability of AQ-D-K measured by intra-class correlation coefficient was 0.84. Three factors were identified: 1) anosognosia of instrumental activity of daily living; 2) anosognosia basic activity of daily living; and 3) anosognosia of depression and disinhibition. AQ-D-K score was significantly correlated with the clinician-rated anosognosia rating scale (ARS), center for epidemiological studies-depression scale (CES-D) and state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI). @*Conclusion@#The findings suggest that the AQ-D-K is a reliable and valid scale for evaluating anosognosia for AD dementia patients using Korean language.

14.
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology ; : 142-149, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893996

ABSTRACT

Background@# The qulity of recovery-40 questionnaire (QoR-40) has been widely used to assess quality of recovery after surgery, but it is too lengthy for clinical use. The short form of QoR-40, QoR-15, has been validated in many languages; however, an official Korean version of the QoR-15 (QoR-15K) has not yet been established. This study aimed to develop and validate QoR-15K. @*Methods@# Based on the previously-validated Korean QoR-40, we selected 15 items; the QoR-15K was patterned on the original QoR-15. We analyzed 210 subjects who had been scheduled for elective surgery under general anesthesia. The patients completed the questionnaire before surgery and on postoperative days one and two. The validity, reliability, and responsiveness of the QoR-15K were evaluated. @*Results@# We obtained excellent convergent validity on visual analog scale for recovery (VAS) (ρ = 0.88, P < 0.001). The duration of anesthesia, post-anesthesia care unit, and overall hospital stay with the QoR-15K showed a significant negative correlation (ρ = -0.183, -0.151, and -0.185, respectively). Cronbach’s α was 0.909. Cohen’s effect size and standardized response mean were 0.819 and 0.721. The recruitment and completion rate were 92.9% and 100%, respectively. We based the above calculations on the results obtained on the first day following surgery. @*Conclusions@# The validity and reliability of the QoR-15K are comparable to those of the English version. The QoR-15K would be a good instrument to assess the quality of recovery in Korean patients after surgery.

15.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 837-842, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892434

ABSTRACT

An atlantoaxial subluxation from the unstable Os odontoideum by the failure of proper integrations between the embryological somites might be a commonly reported pathology. However, its suspicious origin or paralleled occurrence with other congenital anomalies of vertebral body might be a relatively rare phenomenon. The authors present two cases, who simply presented with clinical signs of prolonged, intractable cervicalgia without any neurological deficits, revealed this rare feature of C1–2 subluxation from the unstable, orthotropic type of Os odontoideum that coincide with congenitally fused cervical vertebral bodies between C2–3. Surprisingly, in one case, when traced from the lower cervical down to the thoracic-lumbar levels during the preoperative work-up process, was also compromised with multi-level butterfly vertebrae formations. Presented cases highlight the association of various congenital vertebrae anomalies and the rationale to fuse only affected joints.

16.
International Neurourology Journal ; : 77-83, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891077

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We investigated the relationship between lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS)/benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and chronic periodontitis (CP). @*Methods@#A total of 103 middle-aged men who had received a health checkup were included. All participant data were prospectively collected. CP was defined as a 30% increase in the number of probed sites with a clinical attachment level of ≥4 mm among all probed sites. LUTS/BPH were assessed using transrectal ultrasonography, the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), uroflowmetry, and postvoiding residual urine volume. @*Results@#The median age, IPSS, prostate volume, and maximal flow rate were 55.0 years, 9.0, 29.0 mL, and 20.0 mL/sec, respectively. In addition, the prevalence of CP was 27.2%. The IPSS total, IPSS voiding, IPSS storage, and quality of life (QoL) scores were significantly higher in patients with CP (median [interquartile range, IQR]–IPSS total: 8.0 [5.0–13.5] vs. 12.0 [7.5–20.5], P=0.004; IPSS voiding: 5.0 [2.0–9.0] vs. 8.5 [4.0–15.0], P=0.002; IPSS storage: 3.0 [2.0–5.0] vs. 4.0 [3.0–6.0], P=0.021; QoL: 2.0 [1.0–3.0] vs. 3.0 [2.0–4.0], P=0.015). Additionally, the average flow rate was significantly lower in patients with CP (median [IQR] (mL/sec): 9.0 [8.0–13.0] vs. 8.0 [6.0–11.0], P=0.047). After adjustment for age, testosterone level, prostate volume, glucose level, cholesterol level, and waist circumference, the IPSS total and voiding scores were significantly and positively related to CP (IPSS total: odds ratio [OR], 1.141; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.045–1.245; P=0.003; IPSS voiding: OR, 1.243; 95% CI, 1.092–1.415; P=0.001). @*Conclusions@#Our data suggest that LUTS/BPH is significantly related to CP.

17.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 324-331, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903162

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Anosognosia is a common phenomenon in individuals with dementia. Anosognosia Questionnaire for dementia (AQ-D) is a well-known scale for evaluating anosognosia. This study aimed to establish a Korean version of the AQ-D (AQ-D-K) and to evaluate the reliability and validity of the AQ-D-K in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) dementia. @*Methods@#We translated the original English version of AQ-D into Korean (AQ-D-K). Eighty-four subjects with very mild or mild AD dementia and their caregivers participated. Reliability of AQ-D-K was assessed by internal consistency and one-month test-retest reliability. Construct validity and concurrent validity were also evaluated. @*Results@#Internal consistencies of the AQ-D-K patient form and caregiver form were high (Cronbach alpha 0.95 and 0.93, respectively). The test-retest reliability of AQ-D-K measured by intra-class correlation coefficient was 0.84. Three factors were identified: 1) anosognosia of instrumental activity of daily living; 2) anosognosia basic activity of daily living; and 3) anosognosia of depression and disinhibition. AQ-D-K score was significantly correlated with the clinician-rated anosognosia rating scale (ARS), center for epidemiological studies-depression scale (CES-D) and state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI). @*Conclusion@#The findings suggest that the AQ-D-K is a reliable and valid scale for evaluating anosognosia for AD dementia patients using Korean language.

18.
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology ; : 142-149, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901700

ABSTRACT

Background@# The qulity of recovery-40 questionnaire (QoR-40) has been widely used to assess quality of recovery after surgery, but it is too lengthy for clinical use. The short form of QoR-40, QoR-15, has been validated in many languages; however, an official Korean version of the QoR-15 (QoR-15K) has not yet been established. This study aimed to develop and validate QoR-15K. @*Methods@# Based on the previously-validated Korean QoR-40, we selected 15 items; the QoR-15K was patterned on the original QoR-15. We analyzed 210 subjects who had been scheduled for elective surgery under general anesthesia. The patients completed the questionnaire before surgery and on postoperative days one and two. The validity, reliability, and responsiveness of the QoR-15K were evaluated. @*Results@# We obtained excellent convergent validity on visual analog scale for recovery (VAS) (ρ = 0.88, P < 0.001). The duration of anesthesia, post-anesthesia care unit, and overall hospital stay with the QoR-15K showed a significant negative correlation (ρ = -0.183, -0.151, and -0.185, respectively). Cronbach’s α was 0.909. Cohen’s effect size and standardized response mean were 0.819 and 0.721. The recruitment and completion rate were 92.9% and 100%, respectively. We based the above calculations on the results obtained on the first day following surgery. @*Conclusions@# The validity and reliability of the QoR-15K are comparable to those of the English version. The QoR-15K would be a good instrument to assess the quality of recovery in Korean patients after surgery.

19.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 837-842, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900138

ABSTRACT

An atlantoaxial subluxation from the unstable Os odontoideum by the failure of proper integrations between the embryological somites might be a commonly reported pathology. However, its suspicious origin or paralleled occurrence with other congenital anomalies of vertebral body might be a relatively rare phenomenon. The authors present two cases, who simply presented with clinical signs of prolonged, intractable cervicalgia without any neurological deficits, revealed this rare feature of C1–2 subluxation from the unstable, orthotropic type of Os odontoideum that coincide with congenitally fused cervical vertebral bodies between C2–3. Surprisingly, in one case, when traced from the lower cervical down to the thoracic-lumbar levels during the preoperative work-up process, was also compromised with multi-level butterfly vertebrae formations. Presented cases highlight the association of various congenital vertebrae anomalies and the rationale to fuse only affected joints.

20.
International Neurourology Journal ; : 77-83, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898781

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We investigated the relationship between lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS)/benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and chronic periodontitis (CP). @*Methods@#A total of 103 middle-aged men who had received a health checkup were included. All participant data were prospectively collected. CP was defined as a 30% increase in the number of probed sites with a clinical attachment level of ≥4 mm among all probed sites. LUTS/BPH were assessed using transrectal ultrasonography, the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), uroflowmetry, and postvoiding residual urine volume. @*Results@#The median age, IPSS, prostate volume, and maximal flow rate were 55.0 years, 9.0, 29.0 mL, and 20.0 mL/sec, respectively. In addition, the prevalence of CP was 27.2%. The IPSS total, IPSS voiding, IPSS storage, and quality of life (QoL) scores were significantly higher in patients with CP (median [interquartile range, IQR]–IPSS total: 8.0 [5.0–13.5] vs. 12.0 [7.5–20.5], P=0.004; IPSS voiding: 5.0 [2.0–9.0] vs. 8.5 [4.0–15.0], P=0.002; IPSS storage: 3.0 [2.0–5.0] vs. 4.0 [3.0–6.0], P=0.021; QoL: 2.0 [1.0–3.0] vs. 3.0 [2.0–4.0], P=0.015). Additionally, the average flow rate was significantly lower in patients with CP (median [IQR] (mL/sec): 9.0 [8.0–13.0] vs. 8.0 [6.0–11.0], P=0.047). After adjustment for age, testosterone level, prostate volume, glucose level, cholesterol level, and waist circumference, the IPSS total and voiding scores were significantly and positively related to CP (IPSS total: odds ratio [OR], 1.141; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.045–1.245; P=0.003; IPSS voiding: OR, 1.243; 95% CI, 1.092–1.415; P=0.001). @*Conclusions@#Our data suggest that LUTS/BPH is significantly related to CP.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL