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1.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 373-381, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999583

ABSTRACT

Methods@#We evaluated patients who underwent EPTLIF with a minimum 24-month follow-up. Clinical parameters of the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were measured at the preoperative, 1-week postoperative mark, postoperative 3-month mark, and final follow-up. Preoperative and 1-year postoperative magnetic resonance imaging measurement of preoperative and postoperative Kjaer grade, right and left psoas muscle mass area, and right and left paraspinal muscle mass area was performed. @*Results@#EPTLIF with a minimum 24-month follow-up of 35 levels was included. The complication rate was 6%, and the mean Bridwell’s fusion grade was 1.37 (1–2). There was statistically significant improvement at 1 week, 3 months, and 2 years in VAS (4.11±1.23, 4.94±1.30, and 5.46±1.29) and in ODI (40.34±10.06, 46.69±9.14, and 49.63±8.68), respectively (p <0.05). Successful operation rate with excellent and good MacNab’s criteria at 2 years was 97%. There was an increment of statistically significant bilateral psoas muscle cross-sectional area, right side (70.03±149.1 mm²) and left side (67.59±113.2 mm²) (p <0.05). @*Conclusions@#Uniportal EPTLIF achieved good fusion and improved clinical outcomes with favorable paraspinal musculature bulk at the 2-year follow-up.

2.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 118-129, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966389

ABSTRACT

Methods@#Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and clinical evaluation were performed for patients with single-level uniportal endoscopic lumbar decompression with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. @*Results@#A total of 126 patients were recruited with a minimum follow-up of 26 months. The incidence of epidural fluid hematoma was 27%. Postoperative MRI revealed a significant improvement in the postoperative dura sac area at postoperative day 1 and at the upper endplate at 6 months in the hematoma cohort (39.69±15.72 and 26.89±16.58 mm2) as compared with the nonhematoma cohort (48.92±21.36 and 35.1±20.44 mm2), respectively (p <0.05); and at the lower endplate on postoperative 1 day in the hematoma cohort (51.18±24.69 mm2) compared to the nonhematoma cohort (63.91±27.92 mm2) (p <0.05). No significant difference was observed in the dura sac area at postoperative 1 year in both cohorts. The hematoma cohort had statistically significant higher postoperative 1-week Visual Analog Scale (VAS; 3.32±0.68) pain and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI; 32.65±5.56) scores than the nonhematoma cohort (2.99±0.50 and 30.02±4.84, respectively; p <0.05). No significant difference was found at the final follow-up VAS, ODI, and MRI dura sac area. @*Conclusions@#Epidural fluid hematoma is a common early postoperative MRI finding in lumbar endoscopic unilateral laminotomy with bilateral decompression. Conservative management is the preferred treatment option for patients who do not have a neurological deficit. Symptoms last only a few days and are self-limiting. A common endpoint is a remodeled fluid hematoma and the subsequent expansion of the dura sac area.

3.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 534-545, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977378

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#We evaluated the role of next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based disease monitoring for elderly patients diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who received decitabine therapy. @*Methods@#A total of 123 patients aged > 65 years with AML who received decitabine were eligible. We analyzed the dynamics of variant allele frequency (VAF) in 49 available follow-up samples after the fourth cycle of decitabine. The 58.6% VAF clearance (Δ, [VAF at diagnosis − VAF at follow-up] × 100 / VAF at diagnosis) was the optimal cut-off for predicting overall survival (OS). @*Results@#The overall response rate was 34.1% (eight patients with complete remission [CR], six of CR with incomplete hematologic recovery, 22 with partial responses, and six with morphologic leukemia-free status). Responders (n = 42) had significantly better OS compared with non-responders (n = 42) (median, 15.3 months vs. 6.5 months; p < 0.001). Of the 49 patients available for follow-up targeted NGS analysis, 44 had trackable gene mutations. The median OS of patients with ΔVAF ≥ 58.6% (n=24) was significantly better than that of patients with ΔVAF < 58.6% (n = 19) (20.5 months vs. 9.8 months, p = 0.010). Moreover, responders with ΔVAF ≥ 58.6% (n = 20) had a significantly longer median OS compared with responders with VAF < 58.6% (n = 11) (22.5 months vs. 9.8 months, p = 0.004). @*Conclusions@#This study suggested that combining ΔVAF ≥ 58.6%, a molecular response, with morphologic and hematologic responses can more accurately predict OS in elderly AML patients after decitabine therapy.

4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e2-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915524

ABSTRACT

Background@#In diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), bone marrow involvement (BMI) has an important clinical implication as a component of staging and International Prognostic Index. This study aimed to determine whether molecular analysis of immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) genes and positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT) could overcome the limitation of defining morphologic BMI by trephination biopsy and could increase the diagnostic accuracy or prognostic prediction. @*Methods@#A total of 94 de novo patients with DLBCL underwent PET/CT, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test for detection of IgH gene rearrangement, and unilateral bone marrow (BM) trephination at diagnosis. @*Results@#A total of 9 patients (9.6%) were confirmed to present morphologic BMI (mBMI) based on trephination biopsy. On the other hand, 21 patients (22.3%) were confirmed to have IgH clonality (IgH BMI), while 16 (17.0%) were classified with BMI based on the assessment of PET/CT (PET BMI). Each IgH rearrangement PCR and PET/CT showed the high negative predictive value of detecting the BMI. However, the combined assessment of IgH rearrangement and PET/CT could increase the diagnostic accuracy and specificity with 87.2% and 97.0%, respectively. The survival outcome of patients with double positive PET BMI and IgH BMI was significantly worse than that with either single positive PET BMI or IgH BMI, and even less than patients with neither PET BMI nor IgH BMI (3-year PFS: 50.0% vs. 75.4% vs. 97.9%, P = 0.007, 3-year OS: 50.0% vs. 75.6% vs. 80.1%, P = 0.035, respectively). @*Conclusion@#This study suggests that the combined evaluation of PET/CT and IgH rearrangement could give additional information for predicting therapeutic outcomes in patients with negative morphologic BMI as an important part of the prognosis.

5.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 214-220, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874172

ABSTRACT

The correct identification of filamentous fungi is challenging. We evaluated the performance of the VITEK MS v3.0 system (bioMérieux, Marcy-l’Étoile, France) for the identification of a wide spectrum of clinically relevant filamentous fungi using a Korean collection. Strains that were added to the upgraded v3.2 database were additionally identified by the VITEK MS v3.2 system. Of the 105 tested isolates, including 37 Aspergillus (nine species), 41 dermatophytes (seven species), and 27 other molds (17 species), 43 (41.0%) showed “no identification” or “multiple species identification” results at the initial VITEK MS testing; these isolates were retested using the same method. Compared with sequence-based identification, the correct identification rate using VITEK MS for Aspergillus, dermatophytes, other molds, and total mold isolates was 67.6%, 56.1%, 48.1%, and 58.1% at the initial testing and 94.6%, 78.0%, 55.6%, and 78.1% with retesting, respectively. Following retesting, 19 (18.1%) and two (1.9%) isolates showed “no identification” and “misidentification” results, respectively. VITEK MS reliably identified various filamentous fungi recovered in Korea, with a very low rate of misidentification

6.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 409-413, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874149

ABSTRACT

Phospholipase C beta 2 (PLC-β2) regulates various essential functions in cell signaling, differentiation, growth, and mobility. We investigated the clinical implications of PLC-β2 protein expression in newly diagnosed normal karyotype acute myeloid leukemia (NKAML). The PLC-β2 expression status in bone marrow tissues obtained from 101 patients with NK-AML was determined using semiquantitative immunohistochemistry (IHC). IHC results were compared with those for known prognostic markers. Using a cutoff score for positivity of 7.0, the PLC-β2 overexpression group showed superior overall survival (OS) (72.6% vs. 26.5%; P = 0.016) and low hazard ratio (HR) (0.453; P = 0.019) compared with the PLC-β2 low-expression group. The PLC-β2 overexpression group showed no significant gain in event-free survival (50.6% vs. 43.0%, P =0.465) and HR (0.735; P =0.464).Among the known prognostic markers, only FLT3-ITD positivity was associated with a significantly low OS and high HR. In conclusion, PLC-β2 overexpression was associated with favorable OS in NK-AML patients. Our results suggest that PLC-β2 expression assessment using IHC allows prognosis prediction in NK-AML.

7.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 521-528, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833892

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#To investigate an effect of ML204 (an inhibitor of transient receptor potential canonical 4 and 5 [TRPC4/5] channels) on interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) and therefore determine whether TRPC4/5 channels act on ICC-generated pacemaker activity. @*Methods@#We enforced whole cell patch clamp analysis, measurements of the intracellular Ca2+ concentration, and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction to determine the effect of ML204 (10 μM) or englerin A (a selective activator of TRPC4/5 channeles, 10 μM) and the existence of TRPC4/5 in mouse small intestinal ICC. @*Results@#Treatment of ICCs with ML204 or englerin A caused the membrane potentials to depolarize. This depolarization effect of membrane potentials by ML204 in ICCs was observed to be concentration-dependent. After treating Ca 2+ - and Na + -free solutions or flufenamic acid (a non-selective cation channel blocker), the pacemaker potentials in the ICCs were abolished. A specific anoctamin 1 channel blocker did not have any effect on the pacemaker activity in ML204-untreated control cells; however, they blocked ML204-induced pacemaker activity in ICCs. Specific primers designed against TRPC4 and TRPC5 detected the presence of TRPC4/5 in small intestinal ICCs, and the application of ML204 increased raise the frequency of Ca2+ oscillations in ICCs, as assessed using Fluo-4 AM. @*Conclusion@#The results implied that ML204 could not inhibit the pacemaker activity but depolarized the membrane potential of ICCs by regulating intracellular Ca2+oscillations and anoctamin 1 channels.

8.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1064-1067, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833330

ABSTRACT

Hemoglobin M (HbM) is a group of abnormal hemoglobin variants that form methemoglobin, which leads to cyanosis and hemolytic anemia. HbM-Milwaukee-2 is a rare variant caused by the point mutation CAC>TAC on codon 93 of the hemoglobin subunit beta (HBB) gene, resulting in the replacement of histidine by tyrosine. We here report the first Korean family with HbM-Milwaukee-2, whose diagnosis was confirmed by gene sequencing. A high index of suspicion for this rare Hb variant is necessary in a patient presenting with cyanosis since childhood, along with methemoglobinemia and a family history of cyanosis.

9.
Korean Journal of Health Promotion ; : 135-143, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902141

ABSTRACT

Background@#Depression is well known to be associated with nicotine dependence. Recent studies reported higher depressive score is associated with use of e-cigarettes, however, little study showed the association between depression and both cigarette dual use. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association between depressive mood and conventional and electronic cigarette dual use among male adults. @*Methods@#Data of 7,459 male adults from sixth and seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2014, 2016, and 2018) were analyzed. Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), current smoking status, and electronic cigarette use status were evaluated among them. The association between depressive mood and electronic cigarette use were assessed after adjusting age, education, income, alcohol, and perceived stress level using multivariate logistic regression analysis. The risk of depressive mood for dual users were also assessed. STATA 11.0 (Stata Corp., College Station, TX, USA) were used. @*Results@#The both group of e-cigarette current user or ex-user reported higher depressive scores (PHQ-9) than never-user group (never-user group 1.94±0.05, ex-user group 2.57±0.13, current user group 2.69±0.22, P<0.001). In the multivariate logistic analysis, 1 point increase of depressive mood score was associated with risk of e-cigarette current use (odds ratio [OR], 1.062; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.021-1.105) among total male adult group or conventional & electronic tobacco dual use (OR, 1.054; 95% CI, 1.012-1.098) among current smokers. @*Conclusions@#Depressive scores were positively associated with e-cigarette use or both conventional or e-cigarette use. It is necessary to evaluate and treat smoker’s depressive mood for tobacco control.

10.
Korean Journal of Health Promotion ; : 102-107, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836555

ABSTRACT

Background@#The relationship between solitary life and multimorbidity among older people in Korea is not clear.We aimed to examine the association between solitary life and the prevalence of multimorbidity among Korean older people. @*Methods@#We analyzed the data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Ⅶ(2016-2018) using multivariable logistic regression analysis. The study included 4,244 individuals aged ≥60 years. @*Results@#Multimorbidity was reported in 31.0% of the participants. The rate of multimorbidity was significantly higher in older people living alone compared to those living with their families. After adjusting for confounding variables such as age, sex, smoking status, alcohol consumption, body mass index (BMI), educational level, and personal income, older people living alone were significantly associated with higher risks of having multimorbidity compared to those living with their families (odds ratio, 1.24; 95% confidence interval, 1.04-1.48). @*Conclusions@#Since there is a risk of multimorbidity in older people living alone, it is necessary to examine whether multimorbidity exists in older people living alone.

11.
Blood Research ; : 225-245, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897339

ABSTRACT

Background@#Chromosomal analysis is essential for the diagnosis and risk stratification of all leukemia patients. Not surprisingly, racial differences in chromosomal aberrations (CA) in hematological malignancies could be found, and CA incidence in leukemia might change over time, possibly due to environmental and lifestyle changes. Thus, we compared the frequency and range of CA in patients with acute leukemia (AL) during two time periods (2006‒2009 vs. 2010‒2015) and compared them with other prior studies. @*Methods@#We enrolled 717 patients with AL during a six-year period (2010‒2015). We compared the results to those of our earlier study (2006‒2009) [1]. Conventional cytogenetics, a multiplex reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR system, and fluorescence in situ hybridization were employed to assess bone marrow specimens or peripheral blood at the diagnostic stage in AL patients to detect CA. @*Results@#The incidence of CA changed in the leukemia subgroups during the two time periods.Notably, the most frequent CA of childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML) was PML/RARA, and was followed by RUNX1/RUNX1T1 in the current study. In contrast, the most common CA was RUNX1/RUNX1T1 in a previous study [1] and was followed by PML/RARA. In this study, the most frequent CA of the mixed phenotype AL was BCR/ABL1, which was followed by KMT2A/MLLT3. In a previous report, [1] the most frequent CA was BCR/ABL1, which was followed by KMT2A/ELL. @*Conclusion@#The distribution of CA in Korean AL patients changed over time in a single institute. This change might be due to environmental and lifestyle changes.

12.
Korean Journal of Health Promotion ; : 135-143, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894437

ABSTRACT

Background@#Depression is well known to be associated with nicotine dependence. Recent studies reported higher depressive score is associated with use of e-cigarettes, however, little study showed the association between depression and both cigarette dual use. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association between depressive mood and conventional and electronic cigarette dual use among male adults. @*Methods@#Data of 7,459 male adults from sixth and seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2014, 2016, and 2018) were analyzed. Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), current smoking status, and electronic cigarette use status were evaluated among them. The association between depressive mood and electronic cigarette use were assessed after adjusting age, education, income, alcohol, and perceived stress level using multivariate logistic regression analysis. The risk of depressive mood for dual users were also assessed. STATA 11.0 (Stata Corp., College Station, TX, USA) were used. @*Results@#The both group of e-cigarette current user or ex-user reported higher depressive scores (PHQ-9) than never-user group (never-user group 1.94±0.05, ex-user group 2.57±0.13, current user group 2.69±0.22, P<0.001). In the multivariate logistic analysis, 1 point increase of depressive mood score was associated with risk of e-cigarette current use (odds ratio [OR], 1.062; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.021-1.105) among total male adult group or conventional & electronic tobacco dual use (OR, 1.054; 95% CI, 1.012-1.098) among current smokers. @*Conclusions@#Depressive scores were positively associated with e-cigarette use or both conventional or e-cigarette use. It is necessary to evaluate and treat smoker’s depressive mood for tobacco control.

13.
Blood Research ; : 225-245, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889635

ABSTRACT

Background@#Chromosomal analysis is essential for the diagnosis and risk stratification of all leukemia patients. Not surprisingly, racial differences in chromosomal aberrations (CA) in hematological malignancies could be found, and CA incidence in leukemia might change over time, possibly due to environmental and lifestyle changes. Thus, we compared the frequency and range of CA in patients with acute leukemia (AL) during two time periods (2006‒2009 vs. 2010‒2015) and compared them with other prior studies. @*Methods@#We enrolled 717 patients with AL during a six-year period (2010‒2015). We compared the results to those of our earlier study (2006‒2009) [1]. Conventional cytogenetics, a multiplex reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR system, and fluorescence in situ hybridization were employed to assess bone marrow specimens or peripheral blood at the diagnostic stage in AL patients to detect CA. @*Results@#The incidence of CA changed in the leukemia subgroups during the two time periods.Notably, the most frequent CA of childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML) was PML/RARA, and was followed by RUNX1/RUNX1T1 in the current study. In contrast, the most common CA was RUNX1/RUNX1T1 in a previous study [1] and was followed by PML/RARA. In this study, the most frequent CA of the mixed phenotype AL was BCR/ABL1, which was followed by KMT2A/MLLT3. In a previous report, [1] the most frequent CA was BCR/ABL1, which was followed by KMT2A/ELL. @*Conclusion@#The distribution of CA in Korean AL patients changed over time in a single institute. This change might be due to environmental and lifestyle changes.

14.
Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine ; : e1-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762585

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Shift work is associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases. Here, we sought to assess the relationship between shift work and plasma homocysteine levels. Determining the correlations between shift work and homocysteine levels may provide a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: This study was performed using data from routine health examinations of steel workers in 2017. In total, 431 male workers (70 daytime workers and 361 shift workers) employed on a rolling departure schedule were recruited. Plasma homocysteine levels > 15 μmol/L were considered elevated. The χ2, analysis of variance, and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to examine the association between shift work and plasma homocysteine levels. RESULTS: In comparison to daytime workers, the odds ratio (OR) of hyperhomocysteinemia in individuals with < 10 years of shift work was 1.14 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.64–2.03), compared to 2.01 (95% CI: 1.14–3.54) for workers with ≥ 10 years of experience. After adjusting for confounding variables, the adjusted OR for shift workers with < 10 years of experience was 0.95 (95% CI: 0.50–1.80), compared to 2.00 (95% CI: 1.07–3.74) for workers with ≥ 10 years of experience. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of hyperhomocysteinemia was significantly higher in shift workers compared to those working normal daytime hours, particularly among long-term shift workers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Appointments and Schedules , Cardiovascular Diseases , Homocysteine , Hyperhomocysteinemia , Logistic Models , Odds Ratio , Plasma , Steel
16.
Korean Journal of Family Practice ; (6): 454-459, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787493

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effect of fine dust concentrations in the air on the incidence of viral respiratory infections in the Republic of Korea.METHODS: A time series analysis using R statistics was performed to determine the relationship between weekly concentrations of fine dust in the air and the incidences of acute respiratory tract infections caused by the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), adenovirus (HAdV), rhinovirus (HRV), human metapneumovirus (HMPV), human coronavirus (HCoV), human bocavirus (HBoV), human parainfluenza virus (HPIV), and influenza virus (IFV), from the beginning of 2016 to the end of 2017. Correlations between various meteorological factors and the amount of fine dust were analyzed using the Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. To analyze the relationship between viral infections and fine dust, a quasi-poisson analysis was performed.RESULTS: The incidence of the HAdV was proportional to fine dust and air temperature. The IFV was proportional to fine dust and relative humidity and was inversely proportional to temperature. The HMPV was proportional to fine dust, wind speed, and inversely proportional to relative humidity. The HCoV was proportional to micro dust, relative humidity, and inversely proportional to temperature. Both the HBoV and HPIV were directly proportional to fine dust, temperature, wind speed, and inversely proportional to relative humidity. The RSV was inversely proportional to fine dust, temperature, wind speed. A lag effect was observed for the influenza virus, in that its incidence increased 2–3 weeks later on the cumulative lag model.CONCLUSION: As the weekly average concentration of fine dust increases, the incidence of HAdV, HMPV, HCoV, HBoV, HPIV, and influenza increase.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenoviridae , Air Pollution , Coronavirus , Dust , Human bocavirus , Humidity , Incidence , Influenza, Human , Metapneumovirus , Meteorological Concepts , Orthomyxoviridae , Paramyxoviridae Infections , Particulate Matter , Republic of Korea , Respiration Disorders , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Respiratory Tract Infections , Rhinovirus , Wind
17.
Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society ; : 24-30, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738419

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficiency of the electronic foot function index (eFFI) through a prospective, random based, multi-institutional study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 227 patients ranging in age from 20 to 79 years, visited for surgery in different 15 institutes, and agreed to volunteer. The patients were assigned randomly into a paper-based evaluated group (n=113) and tablet-based evaluated group (n=114). The evaluation was done on the day of hospital admission and the method was changed on the second day of surgery and re-evaluated. PADAS 2.0 (https://www.proscore.kr) was used as an electronic evaluation program. RESULTS: There were no differences in age and sex in both groups. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) evaluation revealed an eFFI ICC of 0.924, showing that both results were similar. The evaluation time was shorter in the tablet-based group than the paper-based group (paper vs tablet, 3.7±3.8 vs 2.3±1.3 minutes). Thirty-nine patients (17.2%) preferred to use paper and 131 patients (57.7%) preferred the tablet. Fifty-seven patients (25.1%) found both ways to be acceptable. CONCLUSION: eFFI through tablet devices appears to be more constant than the paper-based program. In addition, it required a shorter amount of time and the patients tended to prefer the tablet-based program. Overall, tablet and cloud system can be beneficial to a clinical study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Academies and Institutes , Ankle , Clinical Study , Foot , Methods , Prospective Studies , Volunteers
18.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1072-1078, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718033

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The Korean society has moved rapidly toward becoming a multicultural society. This study aimed to estimate the seroprevalence of hepatitis viruses and investigate hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypic diversity in female marriage immigrants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Screening program was conducted at support centers for multicultural families in 21 administrative districts in Korea between July 2011 and January 2017. A total of 963 female marriage immigrants were included in this study. Blood samples were tested for hepatitis viral markers and HBV genotype. RESULTS: Subjects' median age was 33 years (20–40 years), and they originated from nine countries including Vietnam (n=422, 43.8%), China (n=311, 32.3%), the Philippines (n=85, 8.8%), Cambodia (n=58, 6.0%), and Japan (n=39, 4.0%). About 30% (n=288) of subjects required hepatitis A vaccination. HBsAg positive rate was 5.4% (n=52). Positive HBsAg results were the highest in subjects from Southeast Asia (6.6%, n=38). Anti-HBs positive rate was 60.4% (n=582). About 34% (n=329) of subjects who were negative for anti-HBs and HBsAg required HBV vaccinations. Genotypes B and C were found in 54.6% (n=12) and 45.4% (n=10) of the 22 subjects with HBV, in whom genotypes were tested. Eight (0.8%) subjects were positive for anti-HCV. Positive anti-HCV results were the highest in subjects from Central Asia (7.9%, n=3). CONCLUSION: Testing for hepatitis viral marker (hepatitis A virus IgG and HBsAg/anti-HBs) is needed for female marriage immigrants. Especially, HBV genotype B is different from genotype C of Koreans. Therefore, interest and attention to vaccination programs for female marriage immigrants are necessary for both clinicians and public health institutes.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Academies and Institutes , Asia , Asia, Southeastern , Biomarkers , Cambodia , China , Emigrants and Immigrants , Genotype , Hepatitis A , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis Viruses , Hepatitis , Immunoglobulin G , Japan , Korea , Marriage , Mass Screening , Philippines , Prevalence , Public Health , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Vaccination , Vietnam
19.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 1-6, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760480

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Whole blood viscosity (WBV) refers to the internal resistance that occurs when blood flows through blood vessels. WBV is known to be related to many diseases including cardiovascular and neurovascular diseases. We have investigated the analytical performance and established reference intervals for a newly developed microfluidic viscometer, Viscore-300 (NanoBiz, Korea), used for the measurement of WBV. METHODS: We performed a precision test of 240 measurements over 20 days using three control materials. For evaluation of repeatability, a total of 60 WBV measurements were made in 3 whole blood samples 20 times a day. A total of 100 whole blood samples were used to evaluate the accuracy of the Viscore-300 in comparison to a rotating viscometer, DV3T (Brookfield, USA), in accordance with the the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute's guidelines. To establish the reference intervals, 122 healthy individuals were enrolled in this study. RESULTS: The precision and repeatability results showed that the CV was less than 5% for three samples and two shear rates. In the accuracy test, the mean differences between two viscometers were 0.09 cP (0.9%) and −0.07 cP (−1.4%) at shear rates of 10 s−1 and 300 s−1, respectively. The reference intervals of WBV for men were 6.88–13.52 cP at 10 s−1 and 4.32–6.43 cP at 300 s−1; those of women were 5.74–13.29 cP at 10 s−1 and 3.60–6.12 cP at 300 s−1. CONCLUSIONS: Viscore-300 showed excellent precision and accuracy and it might be a good instrument for reporting WBV quickly and accurately.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Blood Vessels , Blood Viscosity , Microfluidics
20.
Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine ; : 40-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762508

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Several studies suggest that serum ferritin concentrations reflect systemic inflammation, and high ferritin levels can increase the risk of hypertension in adult men. Shift work is also known to increase the risk of hypertension; however, there has been no study about the relationship between serum ferritin levels and the prevalence of hypertension according to the working type. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 4,442 male participants (3,651 daytime workers and 791 shift workers) who participated in the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Hypertension was defined as a systolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 140 mmHg, a diastolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 90 mmHg or the current use of antihypertensive medications regardless of blood pressure values. For the statistical analyses, serum ferritin levels were reclassified into quartiles, and complex sample analyses were used to evaluate the relationship between serum ferritin levels and the prevalence of hypertension according to the working type in this study. RESULTS: Serum ferritin and shift work were positively associated with the prevalence of hypertension. The effect of interaction was above multiplicative. When compared to participants in the lowest serum ferritin quartile, the odds ratio for hypertension for participants in the highest serum ferritin quartile was 1.372 (1.027–1.833) in daytime workers and 2.009 (1.042–3.873) in shift workers after adjustment. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of hypertension increased as ferritin levels increased in individuals, especially in shift workers.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Blood Pressure , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ferritins , Hypertension , Inflammation , Nutrition Surveys , Odds Ratio , Prevalence
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