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Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 57-62, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935580


Objective: To examine the effective and safe outcomes of drug-coated balloon (DCB) angioplasty for the treatment of femoropopliteal long lesions in mid-term and long-term follow-up. Methods: The clinical data of 114 patients with symptomatic (Rutherford 2 to 6) femoropopliteal long lesions who underwent angioplasty with DCB between June 2016 and May 2021 at Department of Vascular Surgery,Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 75 males and 39 females were enrolled, aged (71.9±8.4)years (range: 49 to 89 years). Among 138 lesions in 114 patients, there were 111 de nove lesions (80.4%, 111/138). Total occlusions were recanalized in 116 limbs (84.1%, 116/138). The lesion length was (280.9±78.7)mm (range: 150 to 520 mm). DCB angioplasty combined with debulking devices was used in 59 lesions (42.8%, 59/138).The bail-out stent implantation was performed in 27 limbs (19.6%, 27/138). The Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate cumulative primary patency rate, freedom from the clinically driven target lesion revascularization (CD-TLR) rate and accumulate survival rate. Univariate and multivariate analyses with Cox proportional hazards models were performed to determine the significant prognostic factors for primary patency. Results: DCB angioplasty was completed in 114 patients. The technical success rate was 98.2%(112/114). The mean follow-up time was 18 months (range: 3 to 54 months).The results showed that primary patency rates at 12, 24 and 36 months postoperatively were 87.5%, 75.2% and 55.1%, respectively. Freedom from CD-TLR rate at 12, 24 and 36 months postoperatively were 92.4%, 81.8% and 68.7%, respectively. Accumulate survival rate at 12, 24 and 36 months postoperatively were 96.2%, 94.0% and 80.2%. Multivariate Cox's regression analyses showed that chronic limb-threatening ischemia(CLTI) (HR=2.629, 95%CI:1.519 to 4.547, P<0.01) and hyperlipidemia (HR=2.228, 95%CI: 1.004 to 4.948, P=0.026) were independent prognosis factors for primary patency in DCB treatment of femoropopliteal long lesions. Conclusions: DCB provided favorable outcomes for the treatment of femoropopliteal long lesions. CLTI and hyperlipidemia are independent prognosis factors for restenosis after DCB angioplasty.

Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Angioplasty, Balloon , Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Femoral Artery , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Popliteal Artery , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Patency
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 19-21, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254837


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the feasibility of one-stage replacement of total aorta for patient with renal failure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The patient was male, 43 years old. The type I aortic dissection was secondary to type III aortic dissection 4 months after endovascular treatment of descending aorta using stented graft 1 year ago. All important branches from aorta were irrigated by false lumen of dissection except left renal artery. The patient has been dialyzed because of renal failure before 5 months with low platelets. Single-stage replacement of total aorta from ascending aorta to iliac artery was successful under deep hypothermia and cardiopulmonary bypass. The operation lasted 12 h. Blood loss during operation was 9000 ml and infusion of blood and blood plasma 7300 ml (including 1500 ml of blood retrieval) and blood platelet 800 ml.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Autonomic activity of four limbs was recovered 2 d after operation, and mind recovered 4 d after surgery. The intubation of trachea was extracted 1 week after operation. Re-check through CT showed all vascular prostheses and reconstructed visceral arteries and intercostal arteries were patent though no recovery of renal function.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>One-stage replacement of total aorta for patient with renal failure is feasible.</p>

Adult , Humans , Male , Aortic Dissection , General Surgery , Aorta , General Surgery , Aortic Aneurysm , General Surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Feasibility Studies , Renal Insufficiency
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 981-984, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360737


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the experience in management of prosthetic graft infection (PGI) after lower limb arterial bypasses and investigate optimal measures for prevention and treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Records of 15 cases of PGI between January 2004 and December 2009 were retrospectively analyzed, including 14 male and 1 female with the average age of 64.8 years (ranged from 40 to 84 years). PGI occurred from 5 d to 59 months (average 6.4 months) after the last reconstructive procedures with symptoms as follow: nonhealing wound with vascular graft exposure in 8 cases, persistent sinus related to vascular graft with purulent secretion in 5 cases and without secretion in 1 case, and ill-incorporated graft with peri-graft fluid in 1 case. Broad-spectrum antibiotics were administrated in all PGI cases. Surgical treatments included local debridement and drainage in 4 cases (one death from postoperative acute myocardial infarction), local debridement and skin flap rotation in one case, complete removal of the occluded infected grafts in 8 cases including major amputation in 3 cases, removal of patent infected graft and extra-anatomic bypass with silver-bonded Dacron vascular graft in 1 case, and partial removal of patent infected graft without reconstruction in 1 case with a re-canalized stent-graft.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Limb salvage was achieved in 9 cases, and 4 cases received major amputation. One case was failed to follow-up and one died of postoperative acute myocardial infarction. Initially 13 patients were followed and 2 died during follow-up (because of colon carcinoma and intracranial hemorrhage respectively). Eleven patients were followed for 1 to 70 months (average 22.3 months) including 8 cases with limb salvage and 3 with major amputation. Accumulative mortality rate, amputation rate, and graft occlusion rate were 20% (3/15), 26.7% (4/15), and 53.3% (8/15) respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PGI after lower limb arterial bypasses is a devastating complication with high risk of graft occlusion and amputation. Removal of the infected grafts may be mandatory for most cases, but local management for patent infected grafts may be recommendable for selected cases.</p>

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Follow-Up Studies , Lower Extremity , Prosthesis-Related Infections , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Retrospective Studies