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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879050

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents from aerial parts of Glycyrrhiza uralensis were analyzed and identified using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with hybrid quadrupole-orbitrap mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap-MS). The chromatographic column of Waters Acquity UPLC BEH-C_(18)(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) was adopted, with acetonitrile-water(0.5% formic acid) as mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.2 mL·min~(-1). Data was collected in positive and negative modes of electrospray ionization(ESI). A total of 55 compounds, including 42 flavonoids, 9 stilbenes, 2 coumarins, 1 lignin and 1 phenolic acid, which were characterized in the aerial parts of G. uralensis based on accurate molecular mass information of molecular and product ions provided by UPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap-MS based on comparison with standard substances and references. It is an effective and accurate method to provide chemical information of constituents in aerial parts of G. uralensis, and can provide a reference for further study on pharmacodynamic material basis and resources development and utilization.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhiza uralensis , Mass Spectrometry , Plant Components, Aerial
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880136

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory effects of RBM47 on HMGA2 and the function of RBM47 in human chronic myeloid leukemia cell K562.@*METHODS@#K562 cells were transduction by the overexpressed and knockdown RBM47 lentiviral vector. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the effect of RBM47 on the proliferation of K562 cells. Flow cytometry assay was used to detect the effect of RBM47 on the cell cycle progression of K562 cells. RNA immunoprecipitation assay was used to detect the association between RBM47 and HMGA2 mRNA. RT-qPCR was used to detect the effects of RBM47 on the stability of HMGA2 mRNA. Western blot was used to evaluate the effect of RBM47 on HMGA2 protein expression.@*RESULTS@#The overexpressed RBM47 could inhibit the proliferation and cell cycle progression of K562 cells. However, the inhibitation of RBM47 could improve the proliferation and cell cycle progression of K562 cells. RBM47 combined with HMGA2 mRNA could promote the degradation of HMGA2 mRNA. Thus, the overexpressed RBM47 could decrease the expression of HMGA2 protein in K562 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#RNA binding protein RBM47 can inhibit the proliferation of K562 cells by regulating HMGA2 expression.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , HMGA2 Protein/genetics , Humans , K562 Cells , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774554

ABSTRACT

Salvia miltiorrhiza is one of the commonly used bulk medicinal materials, which has significant effect on cardiovascular disease, and are heavy demanded in Asia, Europe, North America, Russia and Africa. Consequently, increasing the yield and quality of S. miltiorrhiza has become a major concern worldwide. With the current wild resources of S. miltiorrhiza gradually decreasing, cultivated products occupy most of the markets. However, the cultivation area is widely distributed and the cultivation techniques is different, which lead to the quality and yield of S. miltiorrhiza in consistent. This paper combined visiting survey with document analysis to carry out the cultivation situation of S. miltiorrhiza in main cultivation areas of Shandong, Henan, Sichuan, Shanxi and Hebei provinces. There exist big differences of the ecological environment, mode of cultivation, fertilization, pest control, harvesting processing among the producing areas. We should carry on the ecological suitability zoning analysis and suitable cultivation of each area study to form a pattern of high quality and high yield for the sustainable development of S. miltiorrhiza cultivation.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Methods , Europe , Plants, Medicinal , Salvia miltiorrhiza
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798355

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the toxicological safety of over-ground parts of Glycyrrhiza uralensis, in order to provide basis for the rational utilization of over-ground parts of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma recourses.Method: Mice acute oral toxicity test, micronucleus test of mice bone marrow, mice sperm shape abnormality test and toxicological test based on chronic nonbacterial prostatitis model were carried out.Result: Maximal tolerable dose(MTD) of over-ground parts of G.uralensis water extract (WE) and alcohol extract (AE) were 96,128 g·kg-1, respectively. Macro-porous resin enriched product of AE was harmful to mice, with gender differences. Micronucleus rates of each dose(8,16,32 g·kg-1) group and control group for female mouse were 0.28%, 0.34%, 0.26% and 0.22%, respectively. Micronucleus rates of each dose(8,16,32 g·kg-1) group and control group for male mouse were 0.32%, 0.30%, 0.36% and 0.28%, respectively. Sperm shape abnormality rates of each dose group and control group were 3.16%, 3.01%, 2.67% and 3.23%, respectively. Micronucleus rate and sperm shape abnormality rate had no significant increase compared with the negative control. The 30-day repeated intragastric WE and AE had no effect on the general conditions of the model rats. Compared with normal group, AE group showed a significant decrease in heart weight, and significant increases in liver weight, liver index and kidney index (PPConclusion: The results indicated that both of WE and AE have potential toxicity. WE does not show any genetic toxicity to mice. Therefore, further studies shall be made for toxicological safety of over-ground parts of G. uralensis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687431

ABSTRACT

With annual Glycyrrhiza uralensis seedlings as experimental material, using "3414" optimal regression design and applied fertilizer, through the sampling of G. uralensis at harvest, root fresh weight and content of active components were measured in Lanzhou, Bayan Nur city, Chifeng, Jiuquan. Combined with NPK content in soil, potted experiments were used to study the effects of different nitrogen and phosphorus ratios on the dry matter accumulation and accumulation of active components of G. uralensis. The results reported as follows: the optimum fertilizer treatment in Lanzhou, Bayan Nur city, Chifeng, Jiuquan was N₁P₂K₁,N₂P₂K₁,N₁P₁K₂ and N₂P₁K₂, respectively. The efforts of single fertilizer on the fresh root weight acted as parabolic type.There was no significant effect of fertilizer treatment on the accumulation of active components of G. uralensis. Furthermore, in terms of nitrogen and phosphorus, the type of fertilizers that restricted the growth of the region was the type of elements with lower content in the soil. The optimal fertilizer usage was in inverse proportion to content of elements in soil. When the content of phosphorus in soil was low, nitrogen fertilizer and potash fertilizer showed positive interaction with phosphorus fertilizer, whereas, they showed negative interaction.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272715

ABSTRACT

With annual Salvia miltiorrhiza seedlings as experimental material, using "3414" optimal regression design recommended by the Ministry of Agriculture and regularly watered with nutrient solution, through the dynamic sampling of S. miltiorrhiza in different growing stages, and the growth index, dry weight of plant root and content of active components were measured. The potted experiments were applied to study the effects of different nitrogen and phosphorus ratios on the growth, dry matter accumulation and accumulation of active components of S. miltiorrhiza, in order to explore a compatible fertilization method of nitrogen and phosphorus ratio that are suitable for production and quality of S. miltiorrhiza. The results reported as follows:①High concentrations of nitrogen fertilizer was beneficial to dry matter accumulation of S. miltiorrhiza aerial parts, and low concentration of nitrogen fertilizer transferred the dry matter accumulation to underground, and N1P1 could make the transfer ahead of time;②Regression analysis showed that in the early growth stage (before early July), we could use the nitrogen and phosphorus as basic fertilizer at a concentration of 1.521,0.355 g•L⁻¹ respectively to promote the growth of S. miltiorrhiza and at a concentration of 2.281,0.710 g•L⁻¹ respectively to promote the dry matter accumulation of root (after mid-August);③Five kinds of active components of S. miltiorrhiza decreased with the increase of nitrogen concentration, and increased with the increase of the concentration of phosphate fertilizer. Nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer in N-P=2∶3 ratio was more suitable for the accumulation of salvianolic acids, in N-P=1∶2 ratio was more suitable for the accumulation of tanshinone.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305324

ABSTRACT

This paper is aimed to study the differences of allelopathic effects of Panax notoginseng under different allelopathic chemicals resources and selection of appropriate rotation crops. The additive main effects and multiplicative interaction ( AMMI) model had been used to evaluate the stability of allelopathic effects of P. notoginseng on the varieties of corn, wheat and rice properly. The model could use not only to evaluate the stability of non-regional trial data but also explore the interaction between the rotation crop genotypes and donor substances more efficiently. Meanwhile, correspondence analysis can be used in the AMMI to evaluate genotype stability and donor substances. Ejingza No. 1 (g6) had stronger allelopathic effects with high stability, but Yunrui No. 1 (g9) which was appropriate rotation crop genotype, had weaker allelopathic effects with high stability. These findings will aid in choosing appropriate rotation crops and establishing proper rotation system.


Subject(s)
Allelopathy , Crops, Agricultural , Panax notoginseng , Chemistry
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351238

ABSTRACT

In this study, we use pot experiment to evaluate the effect of plant growth regulator on plant morphology and biomass allocation of Salvia miltiorrhiza. Different concentrations of uniconazole were supplied to S. miltioohiza by means of foliar spray. Height, breadth and stem diameter were measured dynamically, the biomass of leaf, stem, flower and fruit, root biomass and biomass ratio were also examined at the harvest time. Owing to the treatment, plant morphology showed significant changes, the height had been greatly reduced and the breadth decreased largely. Meanwhile, the biomass allocation changed too. The biomass ratio of leaf and stem had been notably reduced while the biomass ratio of root had been increased remarkably. It appears that foliar application of uniconazole during vigorous growth period in S. miltioohiza has dramatic effect on dwarfing plant and improving resistant to lodging. This measure could also be applied to condensed cultivation of S. miltioohiza to increase production.


Subject(s)
Biomass , Plant Growth Regulators , Pharmacology , Plant Leaves , Plant Roots , Plant Stems , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Triazoles , Pharmacology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300187

ABSTRACT

It has been showed that there were obvious obstacle effects of Panax notoginseng replanting. Crop rotation was the main effective technique to overcome the obstacle. To find a reasonable crop rotation system for P. notoginseng, aqueous extracts from root, stem and leaf of P. notoginseng were analyzed for allelopathic effect on three maize varieties (which are often grown in regions where P. notoginseng grown). The main results were as follows: (1) Allelopathic effect of P. notoginseng stem and leaf extracts on the three other tested plants was stronger than that of root extracts; (2) Corn was more vulnerable to the effects of allelochemicals at seedling stage than at germination stage, and the corn root was more sensitive than aerial part to allelochemicals; (3) Lusan No. 3 and Yunrui No. 1 showed resistance to P. notoginseng allelopathy, with respective comprehensive sensitivity indexes (M3) of - 0.089 3 and -0.159 2, while Bainuo No. 1 is sensitive at M3 = -0.261 0. It then can be concluded that Lusan No. 3 and Yunrui No. 1 may be an alternative rotation plants for overcoming P. notoginseng continuous cropping obstacle.


Subject(s)
Allelopathy , Panax notoginseng , Chemistry , Pheromones , Pharmacology , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Zea mays
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321303

ABSTRACT

In this paper the contents of rosmarinic acid, salvianolic acid B, crytotanshinone, tanshinone II(A) in samples of different original processed Salvia Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma were determined by HPLC. Different processing methods have varied influences on four active ingredients in Salvia Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. Sun-drying reduced the content of crytotanshinone, tanshi-none II(A) and rosmarinic acid, integralsamples were better than those cut into segments. Oven dry method had great influence on water--soluble ingredients, high temperature (80-100 degrees C) could easily cause big loss of rosmarinic acid and salvianolic acid B. The role of traditional processing method "fahan: was complicated, the content of rosmarinic acid decreased, crytotanshinone and tanshinone II(A) increased, and salvianolic acid B showed no difference after "fahan". Drying in the shade and oven dry under low temperatrure (40-60 degrees C) were all effective to keep active ingredients of Salvia Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and, there was no difference between integral samples and samples cut into segments. Therefore, considering comprehensively the content of active ingredients in Salvia Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and processing costing etc., shade-drying or oven dry underlow temperature (40-60 degrees C) should be the most suitable original processing method.


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Hot Temperature , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry , Temperature
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294086

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study aimed at analyzing the effect of genotype (G), environment (E) and their interactions (G x E) on the major bioactive components of 2-year licorice (Glycyrrhiza uralensis) population, in order to provide a theoretical basis for the licorice breeding with high content of bioactive components and quality improvement.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Four genotype licorice populations were transplanted under four different environments by using complete randomized block design with three replicates, and four major bioactive components, including glycyrrhizin (GL), total saponins (TS), liquiritin (LQ) and total flavonoids (TF) were determined by UV and by HPLC.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The major bioactive components of licorice were influenced by genotype and environment, and the genotype had more effect on all of the bioactive components. The contents of GL and LQ were codetermined by genotype and environment factors.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There exist different selective effects on different growth region for quality breeding in cultivated population of licorice.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Ecosystem , Gene-Environment Interaction , Genotype , Glycyrrhiza uralensis , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Plant Extracts , Metabolism
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 268-271, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271462

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To investigate the pharmacokinetics and the anticoagulation action of recombinant hirudin-2 (rHV2) nasal spray after administration of the preparation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>rHV2 concentration in plasma was determined by chromogenic substrate method and the relative bioavailability was calculated. The anticoagulation action of rHV2 spray after intranasal administration in normal rats and DIC model rabbits after intranasal administration of rHV2 spary were studied.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The in vivo course of rHV2 in rats fitted to the one-compartment model after intranasal administration of rHV2 spray and the relative bioavailability was 28.53%. Coagulating times of APTT and TT were significantly prolonged in normal rats, and APTT in DIC model rabbits was significantly shortened and was close to the normal values after administration of rHV2 nasal spray.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>rHV2 spray could be an effective nasal preparation of rHV2.</p>


Subject(s)
Administration, Intranasal , Animals , Area Under Curve , Biological Availability , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation , Hirudins , Pharmacokinetics , Pharmacology , Male , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Rabbits , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Recombinant Proteins , Pharmacokinetics , Pharmacology , Thrombin Time
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358080

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the nasal epithelium toxicity of adjuvants and rHV2 nasal spary(HVS).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Ciliary movement were evaluated with in situ toad palate model; The histology assessment of nasal epithelium were carried out after long-lasting and repeated use of HVS.</p><p><b>RESULT AND CONCLUSION</b>Adjuvants included SDS, Brij 35, azone, lecithin, EDTA, menthol, nipagin and thiomersal were able to significantly inhibited the ciliary movement, while tween80, glycyrrhizic acid monoammonium salt, benzalkonium bromide, sodium benzoate and adhensive materials investigated had less influence on it. HVS was able to damaged the nasal epithelium, but this effect recovered soon after stopping administration. It was demonstrated that SDS, Brij 35, azone,lecithin, EDTA, menthol, nipagin and thiomersal. It had significant cilitoxity, while tween80, glycyrrhizic acid monoammonium salt, benzalkonium bromide, sodium benzoate and adhensive materials investigated had no significance; Chitosan co-administration with some adjuvants may make the cillitoxity severer; It is available that rHV2 be administered by nasal spary.</p>


Subject(s)
Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic , Toxicity , Administration, Intranasal , Animals , Bufo bufo , Chitosan , Toxicity , Cilia , Epithelium , Female , Hirudins , Toxicity , Male , Nasal Mucosa , Palate , Rabbits , Recombinant Proteins , Toxicity
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