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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880103

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of autophagy on the drug resistance of different human lymphoma cells.@*METHODS@#Human Burkitt's lymphoma cell Daudi, human B lymphoma cell SUDHL-4, and human mantle cell lymphoma cell JeKo-1 were taken as the research subjects. The expression of Atg5 was inhibited by the treatments of autophagy inhibitors or stable interference via lentivirus infection. The autophagy activity of B lymphoma cell was changed, and the changes of lymphoma cells to the drug resistance of ADR and VCR was observed.@*RESULTS@#JeKo-1 cells showed the strongest resistance to ADR and VCR, followed by SUDHL-4, and Daudi cells showed the weakest resistance to ADR and VCR. At the same time, JeKo-1 cells showed the strongest autophagy activity, followed by SUDHL-4, and Daudi cells showed the weakest autophagy activity. After the treatments of autophagy inhibitors or stable Atg5 interference, the resistance of lymphoma cells to ADR and VCR was significantly weakened, and there was the positive correlation at the drug resistance and the autophagy activity of B lymphoma cell.@*CONCLUSION@#The higher autophagy activity in lymphoma cells, the lower chemotherapy resistance of the lymphoma cells after autophagy was inhibited.


Subject(s)
Adult , Autophagy , Burkitt Lymphoma , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Resistance , Humans , Lymphoma, B-Cell
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1515-1521, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775691

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and significance of LncRNA RP11-513G11.1 in peripheral blood of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and to analyze its correlation with clinicopathological features and prognosis of patients.@*METHODS@#The serum samples of 93 patients with DLBCL(DLBCL group) and 62 normal persons (control group) were collected from the Department of Hematology, Southwest Medical University. The expression of RP11-513G11.1 in serum samples was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, the relationship between the RP11-513G11.1 expression with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with normal control group, the expression of RP11-513G11.1 significantly increased in DLBCL patients (P<0.001). The expression of RP11-513G11.1 not related with the age, sex, course of treatment and germinal center B-cell-like lymphoma(GCB) subtypes of the patients, but it related with the diameter of tumor,Ann Arbor stage,B symptoms,chemosensitivity and the international prognostic index(IPI) (P<0.05). The progression-free survival time and overall survival time of patients, whom with high expression of RP11-513G11.1 were significantly shorter than those of RP11-513G11.1 low expression(P<0.001). The median progression-free survival time and overall survival time of chemotherapy-sensitive patients were significantly longer than those of chemotherapy-resistant patients (P<0.001). Univariate analysis and multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that Ann Arbor stage, RP11-513G11.1 expression, IPI and chemosensitivity were also the independent factors affecting the prognosis of DLBCL patients(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#RP11-513G11.1 is highly expressed in patients with DLBCL, which is related with the prognosis of DLBCL patients.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Germinal Center , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Genetics , Prognosis , RNA, Long Noncoding , Genetics
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235574

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship of liver enzymes with hyperglycemia in a large population in Shanghai and identify the association between liver enzymes and insulin resistance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 3 756 participants were enrolled. Each participant underwent an oral glucose tolerance test and completed a questionnaire. Anthropometric indices were recorded and serum samples were collected for measurement.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Liver enzymes concentrations were independently associated with i-IGT, IFG+IGT, and diabetes. With the increase of ALT and GGT concentrations, ORs for i-IGT, IFG+IGT, and diabetes increased gradually. By comparing patients in the highest quartile of GGT concentrations or ALT concentrations with those in the lowest quartile (Q1), ORs for i-IGT, IFG+IGT, or diabetes was significant after adjustment. Both ALT and GGT concentrations were linearly correlated with HOMA-IR and independently associated with HOMA-IR [ALT OR (95% CI): 2.56 (1.51-4.34) P=0.00; GGT OR (95% CI): 2.66 (1.53-4.65) P=0.00].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Serum ALT and GGT concentrations were closely related to pre-diabetes and diabetes in the Shanghai population and positively associated with insulin resistance.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Alanine Transaminase , Blood , Anthropometry , China , Female , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Metabolism , Humans , Lipid Metabolism , Liver , Male , Middle Aged , Prediabetic State , Blood , Young Adult , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Blood
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2547-2553, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307865

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>As one of most widely-used biguanides, metformin can induce the lactic acidosis in patients with renal failure though its incidence is very low. However, lactic acidemia induced by metformin was reported in patients without renal dysfunction. It is unclear that whether lactatemia exists in diabetic patients with normal renal function in Chinese or not and its influencing factors. This study aimed to clarify the influencing factors of lactic acid, and identify a practiced clinical marker to predict the hyperlactacidemia in diabetics with normal renal function.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data and venous blood samples of 1024 type 2 diabetic patients treated with (n = 426) or without metformin (n = 599) were collected. The lactic acid was assayed by enzyme-electrode method. The biochemical indexes included creatinine (Cr) and hepatase were measured with enzymatic procedures. The lactic acid concentrations of different Cr subgroups were compared, and the correlation and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis were used.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean lactic acid level and the proportion of hyperlactatemia of metformin group were significantly higher than that of non-metformin group (P < 0.01), but no lactic acidosis was found in all patients. The correlation and multiple stepwise regression analysis indicated that the correlative factors of lactic acid in turn were Cr, metformin, alanine transferase (ALT), body mass index (BMI), Urine albumin (Ualb), and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) in total patients; and Cr, ALT, BMI and BUN in non-metformin treated patients; Cr and ALT in metformin-group. The lactate concentration increased with the increment of Cr levels, and reached its peak at Cr 111-130 micromol/L, and the optimal cutoff of Cr in predicting hyperlactacidemia was 96.5 micromol/L.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Metformin can increase the incidence of lactatemia in type 2 diabetic patients without renal dysfunction. Cr, ALT, and BMI are independent associated factors of blood lactic acid levels. There is low proportion of lactatemia in type 2 diabetics without metformin therapy, the optimal cutoff of Cr to predict lactatemia in these patients is 96.5 micromol/L.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Creatinine , Blood , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Blood , Drug Therapy , Female , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Lactic Acid , Blood , Male , Metformin , Therapeutic Uses , Middle Aged , Radioimmunoassay , Young Adult
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296662

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Muscle segment homeobox gene (MSX)1 has been proposed as a gene in which mutations may contribute to nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P). To study MSX1 polymorphisms in NSCL/ P by means of polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP), and investigate the association of MSX1 exons 1 polymorphisms with NSCL/P.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>DNA were extracted from blood samples from NSCL/P and unrelated normal subjects. Genome DNA from peripheral leukocyte with these blood samples were extracted, which was used as template to amplify desired gene fragment of MSX1 exons 1 by means of polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The PCR products were examined by single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP). The MSX1 exons 1 polymorphisms were examined by sequencing if mutations were found.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MSX1 genes of exon 1 mutation was not been found in the NSCL/P and unrelated normal subjects by SSCP.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>No correlation between MSX1 exon 1 and NSCL/P was found. MSX1 exon 1 may not be a key gene (susceptibility gene) in NSCL/P.</p>


Subject(s)
Cleft Lip , Cleft Palate , Gene Frequency , Genes, Homeobox , Humans , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Genetic
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640599

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical significance of glycated albumin(GA),a parameter in reflection of recent glycemic control in patients with diabetes mellitus. Methods Four hundred and forty-five patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who were hospitalized in our hospital from May to November 2006 were enrolled into the study.The fasting plasma glucose(FPG),postprandial 2-hour blood glucose(P2hBG) and glycated hemoglobin(HbA1c) were measured,the enzymatic measurement of GA was conducted and the CGMS was performed.The correlation between GA and the other parameters monitored was analysed. Results The correlation analysis indicated that GA was well correlated with HbA1c(r=0.818,P0.05),respectively for those with HbA1c more than 7.5%,between 6.5% and 7.5%,and less than 6.5%. Conclusion GA is well correlated with HbA1c,especially in those with poor glycemic control for a long time.The correlation between GA and long-term glycemic control is stronger than that between GA and instant plasma glucose or MBG in three days.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640595

ABSTRACT

0.05),while hyperlactacidemia existed in 21 patients(4.62%).LA levels increased with the creatinine levels,especially in those with Cr more than 90 ?mol/L.However,LA levels increased with the reduction of GFR,especially in those with GFR less than 80 mL/min.It was revealed by correlation analysis that LA level was positively correlated with Cr,ALT and BMI.The optimal cutoff of Cr inducing the lactic acidemia was 95.35 ?mol/L.Conclusion The baseline LA levels of patients with T2DM are similar to those of healthy adults,and LA levels are mainly influenced by BMI and renal and hepatic function.Hyperlactacidemia may be induced when Cr reaches a level more than 95 ?mol/L.

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